Name

BioGPS Human Cell Type and Tissue Gene Expression Profiles Dataset

From BioGPS

mRNA expression profiles for human tissues and cell types

BioGPS Mouse Cell Type and Tissue Gene Expression Profiles Dataset

From BioGPS

mRNA expression profiles for mouse tissues and cell types

ESCAPE Omics Signatures of Genes and Proteins for Stem Cells Dataset

From ESCAPE

sets of target genes of transcription factors from published ChIP-chip, ChIP-seq, and other transcription factor binding site profiling studies;sets of differentially expressed genes following perturbation of a protein from gene expression data in GEO; sets of interacting proteins from high- and low-throughput protein-protein interaction studies; sets of targets of microRNAs from public databases, computationally predicted or experimentally verified

HPM Cell Type and Tissue Protein Expression Profiles Dataset

From Human Proteome Map

protein expression profiles for tissues and cell types

ProteomicsDB Cell Type and Tissue Protein Expression Profiles Dataset

From Proteomics Database

protein expression profiles for tissues and cell types reprocessed from many proteomics datasets

Roadmap Epigenomics Cell and Tissue DNA Accessibility Profiles Dataset

From Roadmap Epigenomics

DNA accessibility profiles for primary cell types and tissues

Roadmap Epigenomics Cell and Tissue DNA Methylation Profiles Dataset

From Roadmap Epigenomics

DNA methylation profiles for primary cell types and tissues

Roadmap Epigenomics Cell and Tissue Gene Expression Profiles Dataset

From Roadmap Epigenomics

mRNA expression profiles for primary cell types and tissues

dbGAP Gene-Trait Associations Dataset

From Database of Genotypes and Phenotypes

gene-trait associations curated from genetic association studies

KEGG Pathways Dataset

From Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

sets of proteins participating in pathways

HAO1 Gene

hydroxyacid oxidase (glycolate oxidase) 1

This gene is one of three related genes that have 2-hydroxyacid oxidase activity yet differ in encoded protein amino acid sequence, tissue expression and substrate preference. Subcellular location of the encoded protein is the peroxisome. Specifically, this gene is expressed primarily in liver and pancreas and the encoded protein is most active on glycolate, a two-carbon substrate. The protein is also active on 2-hydroxy fatty acids. The transcript detected at high levels in pancreas may represent an alternatively spliced form or the use of a multiple near-consensus upstream polyadenylation site. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

COX4I1P1 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit IV isoform 1 pseudogene 1

COX4I1P2 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit IV isoform 1 pseudogene 2

LOC100506672 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIIc pseudogene

COX6B1P7 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIb polypeptide 1 (ubiquitous) pseudogene 7

COX6B1P5 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIb polypeptide 1 (ubiquitous) pseudogene 5

COX5A Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit Va

Cytochrome c oxidase (COX) is the terminal enzyme of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. It is a multi-subunit enzyme complex that couples the transfer of electrons from cytochrome c to molecular oxygen and contributes to a proton electrochemical gradient across the inner mitochondrial membrane. The complex consists of 13 mitochondrial- and nuclear-encoded subunits. The mitochondrially-encoded subunits perform the electron transfer of proton pumping activities. The functions of the nuclear-encoded subunits are unknown but they may play a role in the regulation and assembly of the complex. This gene encodes the nuclear-encoded subunit Va of the human mitochondrial respiratory chain enzyme. A pseudogene COX5AP1 has been found in chromosome 14q22. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

COX5B Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit Vb

Cytochrome C oxidase (COX) is the terminal enzyme of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. It is a multi-subunit enzyme complex that couples the transfer of electrons from cytochrome c to molecular oxygen and contributes to a proton electrochemical gradient across the inner mitochondrial membrane. The complex consists of 13 mitochondrial- and nuclear-encoded subunits. The mitochondrially-encoded subunits perform the electron transfer and proton pumping activities. The functions of the nuclear-encoded subunits are unknown but they may play a role in the regulation and assembly of the complex. This gene encodes the nuclear-encoded subunit Vb of the human mitochondrial respiratory chain enzyme. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

COX7A2L Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIIa polypeptide 2 like

Cytochrome c oxidase (COX), the terminal component of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, catalyzes the electron transfer from reduced cytochrome c to oxygen. This component is a heteromeric complex consisting of 3 catalytic subunits encoded by mitochondrial genes and multiple structural subunits encoded by nuclear genes. The mitochondrially-encoded subunits function in electron transfer, and the nuclear-encoded subunits may function in the regulation and assembly of the complex. This nuclear gene encodes a protein similar to polypeptides 1 and 2 of subunit VIIa in the C-terminal region, and also highly similar to the mouse Sig81 protein sequence. This gene is expressed in all tissues, and upregulated in a breast cancer cell line after estrogen treatment. It is possible that this gene represents a regulatory subunit of COX and mediates the higher level of energy production in target cells by estrogen. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC692246 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase assembly factor 1 homolog (S. cerevisiae) pseudogene

SCO1 Gene

SCO1 cytochrome c oxidase assembly protein

Mammalian cytochrome c oxidase (COX) catalyzes the transfer of reducing equivalents from cytochrome c to molecular oxygen and pumps protons across the inner mitochondrial membrane. In yeast, 2 related COX assembly genes, SCO1 and SCO2 (synthesis of cytochrome c oxidase), enable subunits 1 and 2 to be incorporated into the holoprotein. This gene is the human homolog to the yeast SCO1 gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC100287067 Gene

mitochondrially encoded cytochrome c oxidase I pseudogene

COX6CP4 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIc pseudogene 4

TACO1 Gene

translational activator of mitochondrially encoded cytochrome c oxidase I

This gene encodes a mitochondrial protein that function as a translational activator of mitochondrially-encoded cytochrome c oxidase 1. Mutations in this gene are associated with Leigh syndrome.[provided by RefSeq, Mar 2010]

COX7B2 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIIb2

COX6C Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIc

Cytochrome c oxidase, the terminal enzyme of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, catalyzes the electron transfer from reduced cytochrome c to oxygen. It is a heteromeric complex consisting of 3 catalytic subunits encoded by mitochondrial genes and multiple structural subunits encoded by nuclear genes. The mitochondrially-encoded subunits function in electron transfer, and the nuclear-encoded subunits may be involved in the regulation and assembly of the complex. This nuclear gene encodes subunit VIc, which has 77% amino acid sequence identity with mouse subunit VIc. This gene is up-regulated in prostate cancer cells. A pseudogene has been found on chromosomes 16p12. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2010]

COX6A1 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIa polypeptide 1

Cytochrome c oxidase (COX), the terminal enzyme of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, catalyzes the electron transfer from reduced cytochrome c to oxygen. It is a heteromeric complex consisting of 3 catalytic subunits encoded by mitochondrial genes and multiple structural subunits encoded by nuclear genes. The mitochondrially-encoded subunits function in the electron transfer and the nuclear-encoded subunits may function in the regulation and assembly of the complex. This nuclear gene encodes polypeptide 1 (liver isoform) of subunit VIa, and polypeptide 1 is found in all non-muscle tissues. Polypeptide 2 (heart/muscle isoform) of subunit VIa is encoded by a different gene, and is present only in striated muscles. These two polypeptides share 66% amino acid sequence identity. It has been reported that there may be several pseudogenes on chromosomes 1, 6, 7q21, 7q31-32 and 12. However, only one pseudogene (COX6A1P) on chromosome 1p31.1 has been documented. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

COX6A2 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIa polypeptide 2

Cytochrome c oxidase (COX), the terminal enzyme of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, catalyzes the electron transfer from reduced cytochrome c to oxygen. It is a heteromeric complex consisting of 3 catalytic subunits encoded by mitochondrial genes and multiple structural subunits encoded by nuclear genes. The mitochondrially-encoded subunits function in electron transfer, and the nuclear-encoded subunits may be involved in the regulation and assembly of the complex. This nuclear gene encodes polypeptide 2 (heart/muscle isoform) of subunit VIa, and polypeptide 2 is present only in striated muscles. Polypeptide 1 (liver isoform) of subunit VIa is encoded by a different gene, and is found in all non-muscle tissues. These two polypeptides share 66% amino acid sequence identity. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

OXA1L Gene

oxidase (cytochrome c) assembly 1-like

COX19 Gene

COX19 cytochrome c oxidase assembly factor

COX19 encodes a cytochrome c oxidase (COX)-assembly protein. The S. cerevisiae Cox19 protein may play a role in metal transport to the mitochondrial intermembrane space and assembly of complex IV of the mitochondrial respiratory chain (Sacconi et al., 2005 [PubMed 16212937]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

COX5BP8 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit Vb pseudogene 8

COX5BP4 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit Vb pseudogene 4

COX5BP5 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit Vb pseudogene 5

COX5BP6 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit Vb pseudogene 6

COX5BP7 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit Vb pseudogene 7

COX5BP1 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit Vb pseudogene 1

COX5BP2 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit Vb pseudogene 2

COX5BP3 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit Vb pseudogene 3

LOC100507586 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIIb pseudogene

COX17P1 Gene

COX17 cytochrome c oxidase copper chaperone pseudogene 1

COX20P2 Gene

COX20 cytochrome c oxidase assembly factor pseudogene 2

COX20P1 Gene

COX20 cytochrome c oxidase assembly factor pseudogene 1

LOC100421855 Gene

SCO1 cytochrome c oxidase assembly protein pseudogene

COX14 Gene

COX14 cytochrome c oxidase assembly factor

This gene encodes a small single-pass transmembrane protein that localizes to mitochondria. This protein may play a role in coordinating the early steps of cytochrome c oxidase (COX; also known as complex IV) subunit assembly and, in particular, the synthesis and assembly of the COX I subunit of the holoenzyme. Mutations in this gene have been associated with mitochondrial complex IV deficiency. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2012]

COX7BP2 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIIb pseudogene 2

COX7BP1 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIIb pseudogene 1

COX7A2P2 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIIa polypeptide 2 (liver) pseudogene 2

LOC100288385 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIIa polypeptide 2 like pseudogene

LOC100289479 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIIb pseudogene

COX6CP5 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIc pseudogene 5

COX6CP6 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIc pseudogene 6

COX18 Gene

COX18 cytochrome c oxidase assembly factor

This gene encodes a cytochrome c oxidase assembly protein. The encoded protein is essential for integral membrane protein insertion into the mitochondrial inner membrane. It is also required for cytochrome c oxidase assembly and activity. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2014]

COX10 Gene

COX10 heme A:farnesyltransferase cytochrome c oxidase assembly factor

Cytochrome c oxidase (COX), the terminal component of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, catalyzes the electron transfer from reduced cytochrome c to oxygen. This component is a heteromeric complex consisting of 3 catalytic subunits encoded by mitochondrial genes and multiple structural subunits encoded by nuclear genes. The mitochondrially-encoded subunits function in electron transfer, and the nuclear-encoded subunits may function in the regulation and assembly of the complex. This nuclear gene encodes heme A:farnesyltransferase, which is not a structural subunit but required for the expression of functional COX and functions in the maturation of the heme A prosthetic group of COX. This protein is predicted to contain 7-9 transmembrane domains localized in the mitochondrial inner membrane. A gene mutation, which results in the substitution of a lysine for an asparagine (N204K), is identified to be responsible for cytochrome c oxidase deficiency. In addition, this gene is disrupted in patients with CMT1A (Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 1A) duplication and with HNPP (hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies) deletion. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

COX11 Gene

COX11 cytochrome c oxidase copper chaperone

Cytochrome c oxidase (COX), the terminal component of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, catalyzes the electron transfer from reduced cytochrome c to oxygen. This component is a heteromeric complex consisting of 3 catalytic subunits encoded by mitochondrial genes and multiple structural subunits encoded by nuclear genes. The mitochondrially-encoded subunits function in electron transfer, and the nuclear-encoded subunits may function in the regulation and assembly of the complex. This nuclear gene encodes a protein which is not a structural subunit, but may be a heme A biosynthetic enzyme involved in COX formation, according to the yeast mutant studies. However, the studies in Rhodobacter sphaeroides suggest that this gene is not required for heme A biosynthesis, but required for stable formation of the Cu(B) and magnesium centers of COX. This human protein is predicted to contain a transmembrane domain localized in the mitochondrial inner membrane. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. A related pseudogene has been found on chromosome 6. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2009]

COX15 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase assembly homolog 15 (yeast)

Cytochrome c oxidase (COX), the terminal component of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, catalyzes the electron transfer from reduced cytochrome c to oxygen. This component is a heteromeric complex consisting of 3 catalytic subunits encoded by mitochondrial genes and multiple structural subunits encoded by nuclear genes. The mitochondrially-encoded subunits function in electron transfer, and the nuclear-encoded subunits may function in the regulation and assembly of the complex. This nuclear gene encodes a protein which is not a structural subunit, but may be essential for the biogenesis of COX formation and may function in the hydroxylation of heme O, according to the yeast mutant studies. This protein is predicted to contain 5 transmembrane domains localized in the mitochondrial inner membrane. Alternative splicing of this gene generates two transcript variants diverging in the 3' region. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

COX16 Gene

COX16 cytochrome c oxidase assembly homolog (S. cerevisiae)

COX17 Gene

COX17 cytochrome c oxidase copper chaperone

Cytochrome c oxidase (COX), the terminal component of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, catalyzes the electron transfer from reduced cytochrome c to oxygen. This component is a heteromeric complex consisting of 3 catalytic subunits encoded by mitochondrial genes and multiple structural subunits encoded by nuclear genes. The mitochondrially-encoded subunits function in electron transfer, and the nuclear-encoded subunits may function in the regulation and assembly of the complex. This nuclear gene encodes a protein which is not a structural subunit, but may be involved in the recruitment of copper to mitochondria for incorporation into the COX apoenzyme. This protein shares 92% amino acid sequence identity with mouse and rat Cox17 proteins. This gene is no longer considered to be a candidate gene for COX deficiency. A pseudogene COX17P has been found on chromosome 13. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

COX7CP1 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIIc pseudogene 1

LOC100289404 Gene

mitochondrially encoded cytochrome c oxidase II pseudogene

COX6A1P2 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIa polypeptide 1 pseudogene 2

COX6A1P1 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIa polypeptide 1 pseudogene 1

COA5 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase assembly factor 5

This gene encodes an ortholog of yeast Pet191, which in yeast is a subunit of a large oligomeric complex associated with the mitochondrial inner membrane, and required for the assembly of the cytochrome c oxidase complex. Mutations in this gene are associated with mitochondrial complex IV deficiency, a disorder of the mitochondrial respiratory chain with heterogeneous clinical manifestations, ranging from isolated myopathy to a severe disease affecting several tissues and organs. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2011]

COA4 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase assembly factor 4 homolog (S. cerevisiae)

COA7 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase assembly factor 7 (putative)

COA6 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase assembly factor 6

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome c oxidase subunit 6B family. The encoded protein associates with cytochrome c oxidase may act has an cytochrome c oxidase mitochondrial respiratory complex VI assembly factor. Mutations in this gene may be associated with fatal infantile cardiomyopathy. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2014]

COA1 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase assembly factor 1 homolog (S. cerevisiae)

COA3 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase assembly factor 3

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome c oxidase assembly factor family. Studies of a related gene in fly suggest that the encoded protein is localized to mitochondria and is essential for cytochrome c oxidase function. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2012]

MT-CO1 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit I

MT-CO2 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit II

MT-CO3 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase III

LOC100288010 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIIa polypeptide 2 like pseudogene

COX8BP Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIIIB, pseudogene

Cytochrome c oxidase is the terminal enzyme of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. It is a multi-subunit enzyme complex that couples the transfer of electrons from cytochrome c to molecular oxygen and contributes to a proton electrochemical gradient across the inner mitochondrial membrane. The complex consists of 13 mitochondrial- and nuclear-encoded subunits. In addition a number of cytochrome c oxidase subunit pseudogenes have been found. This gene represents a subunit which has been inactivated by mutation and is nonfunctional in humans. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

COX20 Gene

COX20 cytochrome c oxidase assembly factor

SCO2 Gene

SCO2 cytochrome c oxidase assembly protein

Cytochrome c oxidase (COX) catalyzes the transfer of electrons from cytochrome c to molecular oxygen, which helps to maintain the proton gradient across the inner mitochondrial membrane that is necessary for aerobic ATP production. Human COX is a multimeric protein complex that requires several assembly factors; this gene encodes one of the COX assembly factors. The encoded protein is a metallochaperone that is involved in the biogenesis of cytochrome c oxidase subunit II. Mutations in this gene are associated with fatal infantile encephalocardiomyopathy and myopia 6. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2014]

COX6CP1 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIc pseudogene 1

COX6CP2 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIc pseudogene 2

COX6CP3 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIc pseudogene 3

COX4I2 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit IV isoform 2 (lung)

Cytochrome c oxidase (COX), the terminal enzyme of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, catalyzes the electron transfer from reduced cytochrome c to oxygen. It is a heteromeric complex consisting of 3 catalytic subunits encoded by mitochondrial genes and multiple structural subunits encoded by nuclear genes. The mitochondrially-encoded subunits function in electron transfer, and the nuclear-encoded subunits may be involved in the regulation and assembly of the complex. This nuclear gene encodes isoform 2 of subunit IV. Isoform 1 of subunit IV is encoded by a different gene, however, the two genes show a similar structural organization. Subunit IV is the largest nuclear encoded subunit which plays a pivotal role in COX regulation. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

COX4I1 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit IV isoform 1

Cytochrome c oxidase (COX) is the terminal enzyme of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. It is a multi-subunit enzyme complex that couples the transfer of electrons from cytochrome c to molecular oxygen and contributes to a proton electrochemical gradient across the inner mitochondrial membrane. The complex consists of 13 mitochondrial- and nuclear-encoded subunits. The mitochondrially-encoded subunits perform the electron transfer and proton pumping activities. The functions of the nuclear-encoded subunits are unknown but they may play a role in the regulation and assembly of the complex. This gene encodes the nuclear-encoded subunit IV isoform 1 of the human mitochondrial respiratory chain enzyme. It is located at the 3' of the NOC4 (neighbor of COX4) gene in a head-to-head orientation, and shares a promoter with it. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

COX11P1 Gene

COX11 cytochrome c oxidase copper chaperone pseudogene 1

COX7A1 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIIa polypeptide 1 (muscle)

Cytochrome c oxidase (COX), the terminal component of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, catalyzes the electron transfer from reduced cytochrome c to oxygen. This component is a heteromeric complex consisting of 3 catalytic subunits encoded by mitochondrial genes and multiple structural subunits encoded by nuclear genes. The mitochondrially-encoded subunits function in electron transfer, and the nuclear-encoded subunits may function in the regulation and assembly of the complex. This nuclear gene encodes polypeptide 1 (muscle isoform) of subunit VIIa and the polypeptide 1 is present only in muscle tissues. Other polypeptides of subunit VIIa are present in both muscle and nonmuscle tissues, and are encoded by different genes. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

COX7A2 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIIa polypeptide 2 (liver)

Cytochrome c oxidase, the terminal component of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, catalyzes the electron transfer from reduced cytochrome c to oxygen. This component is a heteromeric complex consisting of three catalytic subunits encoded by mitochondrial genes, and multiple structural subunits encoded by nuclear genes. The mitochondrially-encoded subunits function in electron transfer, while the nuclear-encoded subunits may function in the regulation and assembly of the complex. This nuclear gene encodes polypeptide 2 (liver isoform) of subunit VIIa, with this polypeptide being present in both muscle and non-muscle tissues. In addition to polypeptide 2, subunit VIIa includes polypeptide 1 (muscle isoform), which is present only in muscle tissues, and a related protein, which is present in all tissues. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. Related pseudogenes have been identified on chromosomes 4 and 14. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]

COX7B Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIIb

Cytochrome c oxidase (COX), the terminal component of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, catalyzes the electron transfer from reduced cytochrome c to oxygen. This component is a heteromeric complex consisting of 3 catalytic subunits encoded by mitochondrial genes and multiple structural subunits encoded by nuclear genes. The mitochondrially-encoded subunits function in electron transfer, and the nuclear-encoded subunits may function in the regulation and assembly of the complex. This nuclear gene encodes subunit VIIb, which is highly similar to bovine COX VIIb protein and is found in all tissues. This gene may have several pseudogenes on chromosomes 1, 2, 20 and 22. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2011]

COX7C Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIIc

Cytochrome c oxidase (COX), the terminal component of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, catalyzes the electron transfer from reduced cytochrome c to oxygen. This component is a heteromeric complex consisting of 3 catalytic subunits encoded by mitochondrial genes and multiple structural subunits encoded by nuclear genes. The mitochondrially-encoded subunits function in electron transfer, and the nuclear-encoded subunits may function in the regulation and assembly of the complex. This nuclear gene encodes subunit VIIc, which shares 87% and 85% amino acid sequence identity with mouse and bovine COX VIIc, respectively, and is found in all tissues. A pseudogene COX7CP1 has been found on chromosome 13. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

COX6B1 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIb polypeptide 1 (ubiquitous)

Cytochrome c oxidase (COX), the terminal enzyme of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, catalyzes the electron transfer from reduced cytochrome c to oxygen. It is a heteromeric complex consisting of 3 catalytic subunits encoded by mitochondrial genes and multiple structural subunits encoded by nuclear genes. The mitochondrially-encoded subunits function in electron transfer, and the nuclear-encoded subunits may be involved in the regulation and assembly of the complex. This nuclear gene encodes subunit VIb. Mutations in this gene are associated with severe infantile encephalomyopathy. Three pseudogenes COX6BP-1, COX6BP-2 and COX6BP-3 have been found on chromosomes 7, 17 and 22q13.1-13.2, respectively. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2010]

COX6B2 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIb polypeptide 2 (testis)

COX7A2P1 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIIa polypeptide 2 (liver) pseudogene 1

LOC100289371 Gene

mitochondrially encoded cytochrome c oxidase III pseudogene

COX6B1P4 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIb polypeptide 1 (ubiquitous) pseudogene 4

COX6B1P3 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIb polypeptide 1 (ubiquitous) pseudogene 3

COX6B1P2 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIb polypeptide 1 (ubiquitous) pseudogene 2

COX6B1P1 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIb polypeptide 1 (ubiquitous) pseudogene 1

COX6B1P6 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIb polypeptide 1 (ubiquitous) pseudogene 6

COX8C Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIIIC

COX8A Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIIIA (ubiquitous)

The protein encoded by this gene is the terminal enzyme of the respiratory chain, coupling the transfer of electrons from cytochrome c to molecular oxygen, with the concomitant production of a proton electrochemical gradient across the inner mitochondrial membrane. In addition to 3 mitochondrially encoded subunits, which perform the catalytic function, the eukaryotic enzyme contains nuclear-encoded smaller subunits, ranging in number from 4 in some organisms to 10 in mammals. It has been proposed that nuclear-encoded subunits may be involved in the modulation of the catalytic function. This gene encodes one of the nuclear-encoded subunits. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

COX5AP2 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit Va pseudogene 2

COX5AP1 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit Va pseudogene 1

COX6A1P3 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIa polypeptide 1 pseudogene 3

MEHMO Gene

mental retardation, epileptic seizures, hypogonadism and -genitalism, microcephaly and obesity syndrome

DGS2 Gene

DiGeorge syndrome/velocardiofacial syndrome complex 2

CDAGS Gene

Craniosynostosis, anal anomalies, and porokeratosis syndrome

AMMECR1 Gene

Alport syndrome, mental retardation, midface hypoplasia and elliptocytosis chromosomal region gene 1

The exact function of this gene is not known, however, submicroscopic deletion of the X chromosome including this gene, COL4A5, and FACL4 genes, result in a contiguous gene deletion syndrome, the AMME complex (Alport syndrome, mental retardation, midface hypoplasia, and elliptocytosis). Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2010]

MLSM7 Gene

Myelodysplasia and leukemia syndrome with monosomy 7

AMMEC Gene

Alport syndrome, mental retardation, midface hypoplasia, and elliptocytosis

DEL11P13 Gene

Wilms tumor, aniridia, genitourinary anomalies and mental retardation syndrome

INDX Gene

Immunoneurologic syndrome X-linked, of Wood, Black, and Norbury

NHS Gene

Nance-Horan syndrome (congenital cataracts and dental anomalies)

This gene encodes a protein containing four conserved nuclear localization signals. The encoded protein functions in eye, tooth, craniofacial and brain development, and it can regulate actin remodeling and cell morphology. Mutations in this gene have been shown to cause Nance-Horan syndrome, and also X-linked cataract-40. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2014]

EEC2 Gene

ectrodactyly, ectodermal dysplasia and cleft lip/palate syndrome 2

EEC1 Gene

ectrodactyly, ectodermal dysplasia and cleft lip/palate syndrome 1

LOC440792 Gene

proline dehydrogenase (oxidase) 1 pseudogene

UOX Gene

urate oxidase, pseudogene

Urate oxidase is an enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of uric acid to allantoin. This gene has been inactivated by mutation and is nonfunctional in humans and some other primates. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

AOC2 Gene

amine oxidase, copper containing 2 (retina-specific)

Copper amine oxidases catalyze the oxidative conversion of amines to aldehydes and ammonia in the presence of copper and quinone cofactor. This gene shows high sequence similarity to copper amine oxidases from various species ranging from bacteria to mammals. The protein contains several conserved motifs including the active site of amine oxidases and the histidine residues that likely bind copper. It may be a critical modulator of signal transmission in retina, possibly by degrading the biogenic amines dopamine, histamine, and putrescine. This gene may be a candidate gene for hereditary ocular diseases. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

DAOA Gene

D-amino acid oxidase activator

This gene encodes a protein that may function as an activator of D-amino acid oxidase, which degrades the gliotransmitter D-serine, a potent activator of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) type glutamate receptors. Studies also suggest that one encoded isoform may play a role in mitochondrial function and dendritic arborization. Polymorphisms in this gene have been implicated in susceptibility to schizophrenia and bipolar affective disorder. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified.[provided by RefSeq, Mar 2011]

MAOB Gene

monoamine oxidase B

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the flavin monoamine oxidase family. It is a enzyme located in the mitochondrial outer membrane. It catalyzes the oxidative deamination of biogenic and xenobiotic amines and plays an important role in the metabolism of neuroactive and vasoactive amines in the central nervous sysytem and peripheral tissues. This protein preferentially degrades benzylamine and phenylethylamine. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

MAOA Gene

monoamine oxidase A

This gene is one of two neighboring gene family members that encode mitochondrial enzymes which catalyze the oxidative deamination of amines, such as dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin. Mutation of this gene results in Brunner syndrome. This gene has also been associated with a variety of other psychiatric disorders, including antisocial behavior. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2012]

PNPO Gene

pyridoxamine 5'-phosphate oxidase

The enzyme encoded by this gene catalyzes the terminal, rate-limiting step in the synthesis of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate, also known as vitamin B6. Vitamin B6 is a required co-factor for enzymes involved in both homocysteine metabolism and synthesis of neurotransmitters such as catecholamine. Mutations in this gene result in pyridoxamine 5'-phosphate oxidase (PNPO) deficiency, a form of neonatal epileptic encephalopathy. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2008]

DUOX1 Gene

dual oxidase 1

The protein encoded by this gene is a glycoprotein and a member of the NADPH oxidase family. The synthesis of thyroid hormone is catalyzed by a protein complex located at the apical membrane of thyroid follicular cells. This complex contains an iodide transporter, thyroperoxidase, and a peroxide generating system that includes proteins encoded by this gene and the similar DUOX2 gene. This protein is known as dual oxidase because it has both a peroxidase homology domain and a gp91phox domain. This protein generates hydrogen peroxide and thereby plays a role in the activity of thyroid peroxidase, lactoperoxidase, and in lactoperoxidase-mediated antimicrobial defense at mucosal surfaces. Two alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same protein have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2012]

DUOX2 Gene

dual oxidase 2

The protein encoded by this gene is a glycoprotein and a member of the NADPH oxidase family. The synthesis of thyroid hormone is catalyzed by a protein complex located at the apical membrane of thyroid follicular cells. This complex contains an iodide transporter, thyroperoxidase, and a peroxide generating system that includes this encoded protein and DUOX1. This protein is known as dual oxidase because it has both a peroxidase homology domain and a gp91phox domain. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

NOX1 Gene

NADPH oxidase 1

This gene encodes a member of the NADPH oxidase family of enzymes responsible for the catalytic one-electron transfer of oxygen to generate superoxide or hydrogen peroxide. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2012]

NOX3 Gene

NADPH oxidase 3

This gene encodes a member of the NOX family of NADPH oxidases. These enzymes have the capacity to generate superoxide and other reactive oxygen species (ROS) and transport electrons across the plasma membrane. The ROS generated by family members have been implicated in numerous biological functions including host defense, posttranlational processing of proteins, cellular signaling, regulation of gene expression, and cell differentiation. The protein encoded by this gene is expressed predominantly in the inner ear and is involved in the biogenesis of otoconia/otolith, which are crystalline structures of the inner ear involved in the perception of gravity.[provided by RefSeq, May 2009]

NOX5 Gene

NADPH oxidase, EF-hand calcium binding domain 5

This gene is predominantly expressed in the testis and lymphocyte-rich areas of spleen and lymph nodes. It encodes a calcium-dependen NADPH oxidase that generates superoxide, and functions as a calcium-dependent proton channel that may regulate redox-dependent processes in lymphocytes and spermatozoa. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2011]

NOX4 Gene

NADPH oxidase 4

This gene encodes a member of the NOX-family of enzymes that functions as the catalytic subunit the NADPH oxidase complex. The encoded protein is localized to non-phagocytic cells where it acts as an oxygen sensor and catalyzes the reduction of molecular oxygen to various reactive oxygen species (ROS). The ROS generated by this protein have been implicated in numerous biological functions including signal transduction, cell differentiation and tumor cell growth. A pseudogene has been identified on the other arm of chromosome 11. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants.[provided by RefSeq, Jan 2009]

QSOX2 Gene

quiescin Q6 sulfhydryl oxidase 2

QSOX2 is a member of the sulfhydryl oxidase/quiescin-6 (Q6) family (QSOX1; MIM 603120) that regulates the sensitization of neuroblastoma cells for IFN-gamma (IFNG; MIM 147570)-induced cell death (Wittke et al., 2003 [PubMed 14633699]).[supplied by OMIM, Jun 2009]

RNLS Gene

renalase, FAD-dependent amine oxidase

Renalase is a flavin adenine dinucleotide-dependent amine oxidase that is secreted into the blood from the kidney (Xu et al., 2005 [PubMed 15841207]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

PCYOX1L Gene

prenylcysteine oxidase 1 like

ACOXL Gene

acyl-CoA oxidase-like

ACOX2 Gene

acyl-CoA oxidase 2, branched chain

The product of this gene belongs to the acyl-CoA oxidase family. It encodes the branched-chain acyl-CoA oxidase which is involved in the degradation of long branched fatty acids and bile acid intermediates in peroxisomes. Deficiency of this enzyme results in the accumulation of branched fatty acids and bile acid intermediates, and may lead to Zellweger syndrome, severe mental retardation, and death in children. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2009]

ACOX3 Gene

acyl-CoA oxidase 3, pristanoyl

Acyl-Coenzyme A oxidase 3 also know as pristanoyl -CoA oxidase (ACOX3)is involved in the desaturation of 2-methyl branched fatty acids in peroxisomes. Unlike the rat homolog, the human gene is expressed in very low amounts in liver such that its mRNA was undetectable by routine Northern-blot analysis or its product by immunoblotting or by enzyme activity measurements. However the human cDNA encoding a 700 amino acid protein with a peroxisomal targeting C-terminal tripeptide S-K-L was isolated and is thought to be expressed under special conditions such as specific developmental stages or in a tissue specific manner in tissues that have not yet been examined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

ACOX1 Gene

acyl-CoA oxidase 1, palmitoyl

The protein encoded by this gene is the first enzyme of the fatty acid beta-oxidation pathway, which catalyzes the desaturation of acyl-CoAs to 2-trans-enoyl-CoAs. It donates electrons directly to molecular oxygen, thereby producing hydrogen peroxide. Defects in this gene result in pseudoneonatal adrenoleukodystrophy, a disease that is characterized by accumulation of very long chain fatty acids. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SC4MOP Gene

sterol-C4-methyl oxidase pseudogene

QSOX1 Gene

quiescin Q6 sulfhydryl oxidase 1

This gene encodes a protein that contains domains of thioredoxin and ERV1, members of two long-standing gene families. The gene expression is induced as fibroblasts begin to exit the proliferative cycle and enter quiescence, suggesting that this gene plays an important role in growth regulation. Two transcript variants encoding two different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PAOX Gene

polyamine oxidase (exo-N4-amino)

AOC3 Gene

amine oxidase, copper containing 3

This gene encodes a member of the semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase family. Copper amine oxidases catalyze the oxidative conversion of amines to aldehydes in the presence of copper and quinone cofactor. The encoded protein is localized to the cell surface, has adhesive properties as well as monoamine oxidase activity, and may be involved in leukocyte trafficking. Alterations in levels of the encoded protein may be associated with many diseases, including diabetes mellitus. A pseudogene of this gene has been described and is located approximately 9-kb downstream on the same chromosome. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2013]

SMOX Gene

spermine oxidase

Polyamines are ubiquitous polycationic alkylamines which include spermine, spermidine, putrescine, and agmatine. These molecules participate in a broad range of cellular functions which include cell cycle modulation, scavenging reactive oxygen species, and the control of gene expression. These molecules also play important roles in neurotransmission through their regulation of cell-surface receptor activity, involvement in intracellular signalling pathways, and their putative roles as neurotransmitters. This gene encodes an FAD-containing enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of spermine to spermadine and secondarily produces hydrogen peroxide. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoenzymes have been identified for this gene, some of which have failed to demonstrate significant oxidase activity on natural polyamine substrates. The characterized isoenzymes have distinctive biochemical characteristics and substrate specificities, suggesting the existence of additional levels of complexity in polyamine catabolism. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2012]

DUOXA1 Gene

dual oxidase maturation factor 1

Dual oxidases DUOX1 and DUOX2 are NADPH oxidases which are involved in hydrogen peroxide production necessary for thyroid hormonogenesis. They form a heterodimer with specific maturation factors DUOXA1 and DUOXA2, respectively, which is essential for the maturation and function of the DUOX enzyme complexes. This gene encodes the DUOX1 activator or maturation factor DUOXA1. Rat studies identified a bidirectional promoter which controls the transcription of the DUOX1 and DUOXA1 genes. This protein is cotransported to the cell surface when coexpressed with DUOX1 and is retained in the endoplasmic reticulum when expressed without DUOX1 protein. The expression of this gene or the DUOX1 gene is not suppressed by thyroglobulin (Tg), a macromolecular precursor in thyroid hormone synthesis, while the expression of the DUOX2 and DUOXA2 are significantly suppressed by the Tg. This protein is also a p53-regulated neurogenic factor involved in p53 dependent neuronal differentiation. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2013]

DUOXA2 Gene

dual oxidase maturation factor 2

This gene encodes an endoplasmic reticulum protein that is necessary for proper cellular localization and maturation of functional dual oxidase 2. Mutations in this gene have been associated with thyroid dyshormonogenesis 5.[provided by RefSeq, Feb 2010]

AOC4P Gene

amine oxidase, copper containing 4, pseudogene

CPOX Gene

coproporphyrinogen oxidase

The protein encoded by this gene is the sixth enzyme of the heme biosynthetic pathway. The encoded enzyme is soluble and found in the intermembrane space of mitochondria. This enzyme catalyzes the stepwise oxidative decarboxylation of coproporphyrinogen III to protoporphyrinogen IX, a precursor of heme. Defects in this gene are a cause of hereditary coproporphyria (HCP).[provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]

AOC1 Gene

amine oxidase, copper containing 1

This gene encodes a metal-binding membrane glycoprotein that oxidatively deaminates putrescine, histamine, and related compounds. The encoded protein is inhibited by amiloride, a diuretic that acts by closing epithelial sodium ion channels. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2013]

LOXL1 Gene

lysyl oxidase-like 1

This gene encodes a member of the lysyl oxidase gene family. The prototypic member of the family is essential to the biogenesis of connective tissue, encoding an extracellular copper-dependent amine oxidase that catalyses the first step in the formation of crosslinks in collagens and elastin. A highly conserved amino acid sequence at the C-terminus end appears to be sufficient for amine oxidase activity, suggesting that each family member may retain this function. The N-terminus is poorly conserved and may impart additional roles in developmental regulation, senescence, tumor suppression, cell growth control, and chemotaxis to each member of the family. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOXL2 Gene

lysyl oxidase-like 2

This gene encodes a member of the lysyl oxidase gene family. The prototypic member of the family is essential to the biogenesis of connective tissue, encoding an extracellular copper-dependent amine oxidase that catalyses the first step in the formation of crosslinks in collagens and elastin. A highly conserved amino acid sequence at the C-terminus end appears to be sufficient for amine oxidase activity, suggesting that each family member may retain this function. The N-terminus is poorly conserved and may impart additional roles in developmental regulation, senescence, tumor suppression, cell growth control, and chemotaxis to each member of the family. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOXL3 Gene

lysyl oxidase-like 3

This gene encodes a member of the lysyl oxidase gene family. The prototypic member of the family is essential to the biogenesis of connective tissue, encoding an extracellular copper-dependent amine oxidase that catalyses the first step in the formation of crosslinks in collagens and elastin. A highly conserved amino acid sequence at the C-terminus end appears to be sufficient for amine oxidase activity, suggesting that each family member may retain this function. The N-terminus is poorly conserved and may impart additional roles in developmental regulation, senescence, tumor suppression, cell growth control, and chemotaxis to each member of the family. Alternatively spliced transcript variants of this gene have been reported but their full-length nature has not been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOXL4 Gene

lysyl oxidase-like 4

This gene encodes a member of the lysyl oxidase gene family. The prototypic member of the family is essential to the biogenesis of connective tissue, encoding an extracellular copper-dependent amine oxidase that catalyses the first step in the formation of crosslinks in collagens and elastin. A highly conserved amino acid sequence at the C-terminus end appears to be sufficient for amine oxidase activity, suggesting that each family member may retain this function. The N-terminus is poorly conserved and may impart additional roles in developmental regulation, senescence, tumor suppression, cell growth control, and chemotaxis to each member of the family. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PIPOX Gene

pipecolic acid oxidase

AOX1 Gene

aldehyde oxidase 1

Aldehyde oxidase produces hydrogen peroxide and, under certain conditions, can catalyze the formation of superoxide. Aldehyde oxidase is a candidate gene for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PRODH Gene

proline dehydrogenase (oxidase) 1

This gene encodes a mitochondrial protein that catalyzes the first step in proline degradation. Mutations in this gene are associated with hyperprolinemia type 1 and susceptibility to schizophrenia 4 (SCZD4). This gene is located on chromosome 22q11.21, a region which has also been associated with the contiguous gene deletion syndromes, DiGeorge and CATCH22. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2010]

GULOP Gene

gulonolactone (L-) oxidase, pseudogene

This gene is nonfunctional in humans and other primates. In most mammalian species the corresponding gene encodes L-gulono-gamma-lactone oxidase which catalyzes the last step of ascorbic acid biosynthesis. The human gene is a remnant that lacks five of twelve exons found in functional rodent genes. The loss of enzyme activity results in hypoascorbemia or the inability to synthesize vitamin C. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2010]

LOC729960 Gene

NADPH oxidase 4 pseudogene

AOX2P Gene

aldehyde oxidase 2 pseudogene

DDO Gene

D-aspartate oxidase

The protein encoded by this gene is a peroxisomal flavoprotein that catalyzes the oxidative deamination of D-aspartate and N-methyl D-aspartate. Flavin adenine dinucleotide or 6-hydroxyflavin adenine dinucleotide can serve as the cofactor in this reaction. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC100419911 Gene

prenylcysteine oxidase 1 pseudogene

NOXO1 Gene

NADPH oxidase organizer 1

This gene encodes an NADPH oxidase (NOX) organizer, which positively regulates NOX1 and NOX3. The protein contains a PX domain and two SH3 domains. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2012]

PRODH2 Gene

proline dehydrogenase (oxidase) 2

The protein encoded by this gene is similar to proline dehydrogenase (oxidase) 1, a mitochondrial enzyme which catalyzes the first step in proline catabolism. The function of this protein has not been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC102724175 Gene

membrane primary amine oxidase-like

LOC100533622 Gene

sulfite oxidase pseudogene

PCYOX1 Gene

prenylcysteine oxidase 1

Prenylcysteine is released during the degradation of prenylated proteins. PCYOX1 catalyzes the degradation of prenylcysteine to yield free cysteines and a hydrophobic isoprenoid product (Tschantz et al., 1999 [PubMed 10585463]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

LOX Gene

lysyl oxidase

The protein encoded by this gene is an extracellular copper enzyme that initiates the crosslinking of collagens and elastin. The enzyme catalyzes oxidative deamination of the epsilon-amino group in certain lysine and hydroxylysine residues of collagens and lysine residues of elastin. In addition to crosslinking extracellular matrix proteins, the encoded protein may have a role in tumor suppression. Defects in this gene are a cause of autosomal recessive cutis laxa type I (CL type I). Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

DAO Gene

D-amino-acid oxidase

This gene encodes the peroxisomal enzyme D-amino acid oxidase. The enzyme is a flavoprotein which uses flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) as its prosthetic group. Its substrates include a wide variety of D-amino acids, but it is inactive on the naturally occurring L-amino acids. Its biological function is not known; it may act as a detoxifying agent which removes D-amino acids that accumulate during aging. In mice, it degrades D-serine, a co-agonist of the NMDA receptor. This gene may play a role in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PPOX Gene

protoporphyrinogen oxidase

This gene encodes the penultimate enzyme of heme biosynthesis, which catalyzes the 6-electron oxidation of protoporphyrinogen IX to form protoporphyrin IX. Mutations in this gene cause variegate porphyria, an autosomal dominant disorder of heme metabolism resulting from a deficiency in protoporphyrinogen oxidase, an enzyme located on the inner mitochondrial membrane. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same protein have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

NOXA1 Gene

NADPH oxidase activator 1

This gene encodes a protein which activates NADPH oxidases, enzymes which catalyze a reaction generating reactive oxygen species. The encoded protein contains four N-terminal tetratricopeptide domains and a C-terminal Src homology 3 domain. Interaction between the encoded protein and proteins in the oxidase regulatory complex occur via the tetratricopeptide domains. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2011]

SUOX Gene

sulfite oxidase

Sulfite oxidase is a homodimeric protein localized to the intermembrane space of mitochondria. Each subunit contains a heme domain and a molybdopterin-binding domain. The enzyme catalyzes the oxidation of sulfite to sulfate, the final reaction in the oxidative degradation of the sulfur amino acids cysteine and methionine. Sulfite oxidase deficiency results in neurological abnormalities which are often fatal at an early age. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding identical proteins. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

HAO2 Gene

hydroxyacid oxidase 2 (long chain)

This gene is one of three related genes that have 2-hydroxyacid oxidase activity. The encoded protein localizes to the peroxisome has the highest activity toward the substrate 2-hydroxypalmitate. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2014]

MMRFCGU Gene

Microcephaly, mental retardation, and distinctive facies, with cardiac and genitourinary malformations

SEMA5B Gene

sema domain, seven thrombospondin repeats (type 1 and type 1-like), transmembrane domain (TM) and short cytoplasmic domain, (semaphorin) 5B

This gene encodes a member of the semaphorin protein family which regulates axon growth during development of the nervous system. The encoded protein has a characteristic Sema domain near the N-terminus, through which semaphorins bind to plexin, and five thrombospondin type 1 repeats in the C-terminal region of the protein. The protein product may be cleaved and exist as a secreted molecule (PMID: 19463192). Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2012]

SEMA5A Gene

sema domain, seven thrombospondin repeats (type 1 and type 1-like), transmembrane domain (TM) and short cytoplasmic domain, (semaphorin) 5A

This gene belongs to the semaphorin gene family that encodes membrane proteins containing a semaphorin domain and several thrombospondin type-1 repeats. Members of this family are involved in axonal guidance during neural development. This gene has been implicated as an autism susceptibility gene.[provided by RefSeq, Jan 2010]

LOC100422730 Gene

sema domain, seven thrombospondin repeats (type 1 and type 1-like), transmembrane domain (TM) and short cytoplasmic domain, (semaphorin) 5A pseudogene

CYCSP38 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 38

CYCSP39 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 39

CYCSP34 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 34

CYCSP35 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 35

CYCSP30 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 30

CYCSP32 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 32

CYP2D6 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily D, polypeptide 6

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum and is known to metabolize as many as 25% of commonly prescribed drugs. Its substrates include antidepressants, antipsychotics, analgesics and antitussives, beta adrenergic blocking agents, antiarrythmics and antiemetics. The gene is highly polymorphic in the human population; certain alleles result in the poor metabolizer phenotype, characterized by a decreased ability to metabolize the enzyme's substrates. Some individuals with the poor metabolizer phenotype have no functional protein since they carry 2 null alleles whereas in other individuals the gene is absent. This gene can vary in copy number and individuals with the ultrarapid metabolizer phenotype can have 3 or more active copies of the gene. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2014]

CYP2D7 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily D, polypeptide 7 (gene/pseudogene)

This pseudogene is a member of the cytochrome P450 gene superfamily. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. It is possible that, in rare cases, a combination of two SNPs in this gene may result in an open reading frame encoding a functional enzyme which metabolizes codeine to morphine. This locus is part of a cluster of cytochrome P450 genes on chromosome 22q13.1. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP4X1 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 4, subfamily X, polypeptide 1

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. The expression pattern of a similar rat protein suggests that this protein may be involved in neurovascular function in the brain. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP3A5 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily A, polypeptide 5

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. The encoded protein metabolizes drugs as well as the steroid hormones testosterone and progesterone. This gene is part of a cluster of cytochrome P450 genes on chromosome 7q21.1. Two pseudogenes of this gene have been identified within this cluster on chromosome 7. Expression of this gene is widely variable among populations, and a single nucleotide polymorphism that affects transcript splicing has been associated with susceptibility to hypertensions. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2014]

CYP27A1 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 27, subfamily A, polypeptide 1

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This mitochondrial protein oxidizes cholesterol intermediates as part of the bile synthesis pathway. Since the conversion of cholesterol to bile acids is the major route for removing cholesterol from the body, this protein is important for overall cholesterol homeostasis. Mutations in this gene cause cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis, a rare autosomal recessive lipid storage disease. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP24A1 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 24, subfamily A, polypeptide 1

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This mitochondrial protein initiates the degradation of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, the physiologically active form of vitamin D3, by hydroxylation of the side chain. In regulating the level of vitamin D3, this enzyme plays a role in calcium homeostasis and the vitamin D endocrine system. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP2C115P Gene

cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily C, polypeptide 115, pseudogene

CYP4F24P Gene

cytochrome P450, family 4, subfamily F, polypeptide 24, pseudogene

CYP4F36P Gene

cytochrome P450, family 4, subfamily F, polypeptide 36, pseudogene

CYP26B1 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 26, subfamily B, polypeptide 1

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. The encoded protein is localized to the endoplasmic reticulum, and functions as a critical regulator of all-trans retinoic acid levels by the specific inactivation of all-trans retinoic acid to hydroxylated forms. Mutations in this gene are associated with radiohumeral fusions and other skeletal and craniofacial anomalies, and increased levels of the encoded protein are associated with atherosclerotic lesions. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2013]

CYCTP Gene

cytochrome c, testis, pseudogene

CYP46A4P Gene

cytochrome P450, family 46, subfamily A, polypeptide 4, pseudogene

CYP4F22 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 4, subfamily F, polypeptide 22

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This gene is part of a cluster of cytochrome P450 genes on chromosome 19 and encodes an enzyme thought to play a role in the 12(R)-lipoxygenase pathway. Mutations in this gene are the cause of ichthyosis lamellar type 3. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP2AB1P Gene

cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily AB, polypeptide 1, pseudogene

CYCSP49 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 49

CYCSP48 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 48

CYCSP46 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 46

CYCSP41 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 41

CYCSP40 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 40

CYCSP43 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 43

CYCSP42 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 42

CYP1A1 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 1, subfamily A, polypeptide 1

This gene, CYP1A1, encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum and its expression is induced by some polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), some of which are found in cigarette smoke. The enzyme's endogenous substrate is unknown; however, it is able to metabolize some PAHs to carcinogenic intermediates. The gene has been associated with lung cancer risk. A related family member, CYP1A2, is located approximately 25 kb away from CYP1A1 on chromosome 15. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP1A2 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 1, subfamily A, polypeptide 2

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. The protein encoded by this gene localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum and its expression is induced by some polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), some of which are found in cigarette smoke. The enzyme's endogenous substrate is unknown; however, it is able to metabolize some PAHs to carcinogenic intermediates. Other xenobiotic substrates for this enzyme include caffeine, aflatoxin B1, and acetaminophen. The transcript from this gene contains four Alu sequences flanked by direct repeats in the 3' untranslated region. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP2A7 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily A, polypeptide 7

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum; its substrate has not yet been determined. This gene, which produces two transcript variants, is part of a large cluster of cytochrome P450 genes from the CYP2A, CYP2B and CYP2F subfamilies on chromosome 19q. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP2A6 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily A, polypeptide 6

This gene, CYP2A6, encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum and its expression is induced by phenobarbital. The enzyme is known to hydroxylate coumarin, and also metabolizes nicotine, aflatoxin B1, nitrosamines, and some pharmaceuticals. Individuals with certain allelic variants are said to have a poor metabolizer phenotype, meaning they do not efficiently metabolize coumarin or nicotine. This gene is part of a large cluster of cytochrome P450 genes from the CYP2A, CYP2B and CYP2F subfamilies on chromosome 19q. The gene was formerly referred to as CYP2A3; however, it has been renamed CYP2A6. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP2C18 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily C, polypeptide 18

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum but its specific substrate has not yet been determined. The gene is located within a cluster of cytochrome P450 genes on chromosome 10q24. An additional gene, CYP2C17, was once thought to exist; however, CYP2C17 is now considered an artefact based on a chimera of CYP2C18 and CYP2C19. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP27C1 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 27, subfamily C, polypeptide 1

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP1D1P Gene

cytochrome P450, family 1, subfamily D, polypeptide 1, pseudogene

CYP2T3P Gene

cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily T, polypeptide 3, pseudogene

LOC100422288 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 4, subfamily A, polypeptide 11 pseudogene

CYP2R1 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily R, polypeptide 1

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This enzyme is a microsomal vitamin D hydroxylase that converts vitamin D into the active ligand for the vitamin D receptor. A mutation in this gene has been associated with selective 25-hydroxyvitamin D deficiency. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP8B1 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 8, subfamily B, polypeptide 1

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This endoplasmic reticulum membrane protein catalyzes the conversion of 7 alpha-hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one into 7-alpha,12-alpha-dihydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one. The balance between these two steroids determines the relative amounts of cholic acid and chenodeoxycholic acid both of which are secreted in the bile and affect the solubility of cholesterol. This gene is unique among the cytochrome P450 genes in that it is intronless. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYCSP45 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 45

CYCSP44 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 44

LOC644310 Gene

ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase, complex III subunit X pseudogene

CYP4A43P Gene

cytochrome P450, family 4, subfamily A, polypeptide 43, pseudogene

CYP46A1 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 46, subfamily A, polypeptide 1

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This endoplasmic reticulum protein is expressed in the brain, where it converts cholesterol to 24S-hydroxycholesterol. While cholesterol cannot pass the blood-brain barrier, 24S-hydroxycholesterol can be secreted in the brain into the circulation to be returned to the liver for catabolism. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC105369280 Gene

cytochrome P450 2D4-like

CYBB Gene

cytochrome b-245, beta polypeptide

Cytochrome b (-245) is composed of cytochrome b alpha (CYBA) and beta (CYBB) chain. It has been proposed as a primary component of the microbicidal oxidase system of phagocytes. CYBB deficiency is one of five described biochemical defects associated with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD). In this disorder, there is decreased activity of phagocyte NADPH oxidase; neutrophils are able to phagocytize bacteria but cannot kill them in the phagocytic vacuoles. The cause of the killing defect is an inability to increase the cell's respiration and consequent failure to deliver activated oxygen into the phagocytic vacuole. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYBA Gene

cytochrome b-245, alpha polypeptide

Cytochrome b is comprised of a light chain (alpha) and a heavy chain (beta). This gene encodes the light, alpha subunit which has been proposed as a primary component of the microbicidal oxidase system of phagocytes. Mutations in this gene are associated with autosomal recessive chronic granulomatous disease (CGD), that is characterized by the failure of activated phagocytes to generate superoxide, which is important for the microbicidal activity of these cells. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP19A1 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 19, subfamily A, polypeptide 1

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum and catalyzes the last steps of estrogen biosynthesis. Mutations in this gene can result in either increased or decreased aromatase activity; the associated phenotypes suggest that estrogen functions both as a sex steroid hormone and in growth or differentiation. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, May 2014]

CYB5AP5 Gene

cytochrome b5 type A (microsomal) pseudogene 5

CYCSP16 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 16

CYCSP17 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 17

CYCSP14 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 14

CYCSP12 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 12

CYCSP10 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 10

CYCSP11 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 11

CYCSP18 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 18

CYCSP19 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 19

CYP4F29P Gene

cytochrome P450, family 4, subfamily F, polypeptide 29, pseudogene

CYP2B6 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily B, polypeptide 6

This gene, CYP2B6, encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum and its expression is induced by phenobarbital. The enzyme is known to metabolize some xenobiotics, such as the anti-cancer drugs cyclophosphamide and ifosphamide. Transcript variants for this gene have been described; however, it has not been resolved whether these transcripts are in fact produced by this gene or by a closely related pseudogene, CYP2B7. Both the gene and the pseudogene are located in the middle of a CYP2A pseudogene found in a large cluster of cytochrome P450 genes from the CYP2A, CYP2B and CYP2F subfamilies on chromosome 19q. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP21A1P Gene

cytochrome P450, family 21, subfamily A, polypeptide 1 pseudogene

CYP2C59P Gene

cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily C, polypeptide 59, pseudogene

CYP2A Gene

cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily A

The cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. The CYP2 gene cluster on chromosome 19q13.2 includes several genes and pseudogenes from the CYP2A, CYP2B, and CYP2F subfamilies. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP4Z1 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 4, subfamily Z, polypeptide 1

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This gene is part of a cluster of cytochrome P450 genes on chromosome 1p33. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP2C19 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily C, polypeptide 19

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum and is known to metabolize many xenobiotics, including the anticonvulsive drug mephenytoin, omeprazole, diazepam and some barbiturates. Polymorphism within this gene is associated with variable ability to metabolize mephenytoin, known as the poor metabolizer and extensive metabolizer phenotypes. The gene is located within a cluster of cytochrome P450 genes on chromosome 10q24. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP2J2 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily J, polypeptide 2

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum and is thought to be the predominant enzyme responsible for epoxidation of endogenous arachidonic acid in cardiac tissue. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP20A1 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 20, subfamily A, polypeptide 1

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases that catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein lacks one amino acid of the conserved heme binding site. It also lacks the conserved I-helix motif AGX(D,E)T, suggesting that its substrate may carry its own oxygen. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP2G2P Gene

cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily G, polypeptide 2 pseudogene

UQCR10 Gene

ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase, complex III subunit X

UCRC is a subunit of mitochondrial complex III (ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase; EC 1.10.2.2), which forms the middle segment of the respiratory chain of the inner mitochondrial membrane (Schagger et al., 1995 [PubMed 8592474]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

UQCR11 Gene

ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase, complex III subunit XI

This gene encodes the smallest known component of the ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase complex, which forms part of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. The encoded protein may function as a binding factor for the iron-sulfur protein in this complex. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]

CYP2W1 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily W, polypeptide 1

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYB5AP2 Gene

cytochrome b5 type A (microsomal) pseudogene 2

CYCSP33 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 33

CYP7B1 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 7, subfamily B, polypeptide 1

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This endoplasmic reticulum membrane protein catalyzes the first reaction in the cholesterol catabolic pathway of extrahepatic tissues, which converts cholesterol to bile acids. This enzyme likely plays a minor role in total bile acid synthesis, but may also be involved in the development of atherosclerosis, neurosteroid metabolism and sex hormone synthesis. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

UQCRQ Gene

ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase, complex III subunit VII, 9.5kDa

This gene encodes a ubiquinone-binding protein of low molecular mass. This protein is a small core-associated protein and a subunit of ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase complex III, which is part of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

UQCRH Gene

ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase hinge protein

UQCRB Gene

ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase binding protein

This gene encodes a subunit of the ubiquinol-cytochrome c oxidoreductase complex, which consists of one mitochondrial-encoded and 10 nuclear-encoded subunits. The protein encoded by this gene binds ubiquinone and participates in the transfer of electrons when ubiquinone is bound. This protein plays an important role in hypoxia-induced angiogenesis through mitochondrial reactive oxygen species-mediated signaling. Mutations in this gene are associated with mitochondrial complex III deficiency. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. Related pseudogenes have been identified on chromosomes 1, 5 and X. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2011]

CYP3A43 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily A, polypeptide 43

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. The encoded protein has a low level of testosterone hydroxylase activity, and may play a role in aging mechanisms and cancer progression. This gene is part of a cluster of cytochrome P450 genes on chromosome 7q21.1. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2013]

UQCRC2P1 Gene

ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase core protein II pseudogene 1

UQCRFS1P1 Gene

ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase, Rieske iron-sulfur polypeptide 1 pseudogene 1

UQCRFS1P2 Gene

ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase, Rieske iron-sulfur polypeptide 1 pseudogene 2

UQCRFS1P3 Gene

ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase, Rieske iron-sulfur polypeptide 1 pseudogene 3

CYP4Z2P Gene

cytochrome P450, family 4, subfamily Z, polypeptide 2, pseudogene

CYB5AP4 Gene

cytochrome b5 type A (microsomal) pseudogene 4

CYB5AP3 Gene

cytochrome b5 type A (microsomal) pseudogene 3

CYCSP29 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 29

CYCSP28 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 28

CYCSP27 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 27

CYCSP26 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 26

CYCSP24 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 24

CYCSP23 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 23

CYCSP22 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 22

CYCSP20 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 20

LOC727947 Gene

ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase binding protein pseudogene

CYP4F34P Gene

cytochrome P450, family 4, subfamily F, polypeptide 34, pseudogene

CYP4B1 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 4, subfamily B, polypeptide 1

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum. In rodents, the homologous protein has been shown to metabolize certain carcinogens; however, the specific function of the human protein has not been determined. Two transcript variants encoding slightly different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP17A1 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 17, subfamily A, polypeptide 1

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum. It has both 17alpha-hydroxylase and 17,20-lyase activities and is a key enzyme in the steroidogenic pathway that produces progestins, mineralocorticoids, glucocorticoids, androgens, and estrogens. Mutations in this gene are associated with isolated steroid-17 alpha-hydroxylase deficiency, 17-alpha-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase deficiency, pseudohermaphroditism, and adrenal hyperplasia. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP4A22 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 4, subfamily A, polypeptide 22

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This gene is part of a cluster of cytochrome P450 genes on chromosome 1p33. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2015]

CYBRD1 Gene

cytochrome b reductase 1

This gene is a member of the cytochrome b(561) family that encodes an iron-regulated protein. It highly expressed in the duodenal brush border membrane. It has ferric reductase activity and is believed to play a physiological role in dietary iron absorption. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP51A1P1 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 51, subfamily A, polypeptide 1 pseudogene 1

CYP51A1P3 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 51, subfamily A, polypeptide 1 pseudogene 3

CYP51A1P2 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 51, subfamily A, polypeptide 1 pseudogene 2

UQCRBP2 Gene

ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase binding protein pseudogene 2

UQCRBP3 Gene

ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase binding protein pseudogene 3

UQCRBP1 Gene

ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase binding protein pseudogene 1

CYP7A1 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 7, subfamily A, polypeptide 1

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This endoplasmic reticulum membrane protein catalyzes the first reaction in the cholesterol catabolic pathway in the liver, which converts cholesterol to bile acids. This reaction is the rate limiting step and the major site of regulation of bile acid synthesis, which is the primary mechanism for the removal of cholesterol from the body. Polymorphisms in the promoter of this gene are associated with defects in bile acid synthesis. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2010]

CYP2T1P Gene

cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily T, polypeptide 1, pseudogene

CYP27B1 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 27, subfamily B, polypeptide 1

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. The protein encoded by this gene localizes to the inner mitochondrial membrane where it hydroxylates 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 at the 1alpha position. This reaction synthesizes 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, the active form of vitamin D3, which binds to the vitamin D receptor and regulates calcium metabolism. Thus this enzyme regulates the level of biologically active vitamin D and plays an important role in calcium homeostasis. Mutations in this gene can result in vitamin D-dependent rickets type I. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP3A51P Gene

cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily A, polypeptide 51, pseudogene

This locus represents a CYP3A pseudogene that is present within a cluster of CYP3A (cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily A) genes on chromosome 7. This pseudogene is located between the CYP3A7 and CYP3A5 family members. It contains duplicates of exons 1, 2 and 13 that are found in the functional genes. Readthrough transcription exists between the CYP3A7 gene and this pseudogene, where the readthrough transcript includes CYP3A7 exons 1-13 and exons 2 and 13 of this pseudogene, as represented in GeneID:100861540. This pseudogene is not known to be independently transcribed. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2012]

CYP26A1 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 26, subfamily A, polypeptide 1

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This endoplasmic reticulum protein acts on retinoids, including all-trans-retinoic acid (RA), with both 4-hydroxylation and 18-hydroxylation activities. This enzyme regulates the cellular level of retinoic acid which is involved in regulation of gene expression in both embryonic and adult tissues. Two alternatively spliced transcript variants of this gene, which encode the distinct isoforms, have been reported. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP4F23P Gene

cytochrome P450, family 4, subfamily F, polypeptide 23, pseudogene

CYP4F9P Gene

cytochrome P450, family 4, subfamily F, polypeptide 9, pseudogene

CYP2F2P Gene

cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily F, polypeptide 2, pseudogene

CYP4F10P Gene

cytochrome P450, family 4, subfamily F, polypeptide 10, pseudogene

CYP1B1 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 1, subfamily B, polypeptide 1

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. The enzyme encoded by this gene localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum and metabolizes procarcinogens such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and 17beta-estradiol. Mutations in this gene have been associated with primary congenital glaucoma; therefore it is thought that the enzyme also metabolizes a signaling molecule involved in eye development, possibly a steroid. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP4F12 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 4, subfamily F, polypeptide 12

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein likely localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum. When expressed in yeast the enzyme is capable of oxdizing arachidonic acid. It can also catalyze the epoxidation of 22:6n-3 and 22:5n-3 polyunsaturated long-chain fatty acids. This gene is part of a cluster of cytochrome P450 genes on chromosome 19. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2014]

CYP4F11 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 4, subfamily F, polypeptide 11

This gene, CYP4F11, encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This gene is part of a cluster of cytochrome P450 genes on chromosome 19. Another member of this family, CYP4F2, is approximately 16 kb away. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYCSP25 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 25

UQCRHL Gene

ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase hinge protein-like

This gene has characteristics of a pseudogene derived from the UQCRH gene. However, there is still an open reading frame that could produce a protein of the same or nearly the same size as that of the UQCRH gene, so this gene is being called protein-coding for now. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

UQCRHP3 Gene

ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase hinge protein pseudogene 3

CYP2U1 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily U, polypeptide 1

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This enzyme is a hydroxylase that metabolizes arachidonic acid, docosahexaenoic acid, and other long chain fatty acids. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

BCS1L Gene

BC1 (ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase) synthesis-like

This gene encodes a homolog of the S. cerevisiae bcs1 protein which is involved in the assembly of complex III of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. The encoded protein does not contain a mitochondrial targeting sequence but experimental studies confirm that it is imported into mitochondria. Mutations in this gene are associated with mitochondrial complex III deficiency and the GRACILE syndrome. Five alternatively spliced transcripts encoding the same protein have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2012]

CYP4A11 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 4, subfamily A, polypeptide 11

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum and hydroxylates medium-chain fatty acids such as laurate and myristate. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP2D7BP Gene

cytochrome P450, subfamily IID (debrisoquine, sparteine, etc., -metabolising), polypeptide 7b (pseudogene)

CYB561D1 Gene

cytochrome b561 family, member D1

CYB561D2 Gene

cytochrome b561 family, member D2

LOC101929829 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily D, polypeptide 6 pseudogene

UQCRFS1 Gene

ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase, Rieske iron-sulfur polypeptide 1

CYP2E1 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily E, polypeptide 1

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum and is induced by ethanol, the diabetic state, and starvation. The enzyme metabolizes both endogenous substrates, such as ethanol, acetone, and acetal, as well as exogenous substrates including benzene, carbon tetrachloride, ethylene glycol, and nitrosamines which are premutagens found in cigarette smoke. Due to its many substrates, this enzyme may be involved in such varied processes as gluconeogenesis, hepatic cirrhosis, diabetes, and cancer. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP2A13 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily A, polypeptide 13

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum. Although its endogenous substrate has not been determined, it is known to metabolize 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone, a major nitrosamine specific to tobacco. This gene is part of a large cluster of cytochrome P450 genes from the CYP2A, CYP2B and CYP2F subfamilies on chromosome 19q. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP3AP2 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily A, polypeptide 5 pseudogene 2

This locus represents a CYP3A pseudogene that is present within a cluster of CYP3A (cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily A) genes on chromosome 7. This pseudogene is located between the CYP3A4 and CYP3A7 family members. It contains duplicates of exons 1 and 2 that are found in the functional genes. This pseudogene does not appear to be transcribed. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2012]

CYB5R4 Gene

cytochrome b5 reductase 4

NCB5OR is a flavohemoprotein that contains functional domains found in both cytochrome b5 (CYB5A; MIM 613218) and CYB5 reductase (CYB5R3; MIM 613213) (Zhu et al., 1999 [PubMed 10611283]).[supplied by OMIM, Jan 2010]

CYB5R3 Gene

cytochrome b5 reductase 3

This gene encodes cytochrome b5 reductase, which includes a membrane-bound form in somatic cells (anchored in the endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondrial and other membranes) and a soluble form in erythrocytes. The membrane-bound form exists mainly on the cytoplasmic side of the endoplasmic reticulum and functions in desaturation and elongation of fatty acids, in cholesterol biosynthesis, and in drug metabolism. The erythrocyte form is located in a soluble fraction of circulating erythrocytes and is involved in methemoglobin reduction. The membrane-bound form has both membrane-binding and catalytic domains, while the soluble form has only the catalytic domain. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. Mutations in this gene cause methemoglobinemias. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2010]

CYB5R2 Gene

cytochrome b5 reductase 2

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the flavoprotein pyridine nucleotide cytochrome reductase family of proteins. Cytochrome b-type NAD(P)H oxidoreductases are implicated in many processes including cholesterol biosynthesis, fatty acid desaturation and elongation, and respiratory burst in neutrophils and macrophages. Cytochrome b5 reductases have soluble and membrane-bound forms that are the product of alternative splicing. In animal cells, the membrane-bound form binds to the endoplasmic reticulum, where it is a member of a fatty acid desaturation complex. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2014]

CYB5R1 Gene

cytochrome b5 reductase 1

CYB5RL Gene

cytochrome b5 reductase-like

CYP11B2 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 11, subfamily B, polypeptide 2

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein localizes to the mitochondrial inner membrane. The enzyme has steroid 18-hydroxylase activity to synthesize aldosterone and 18-oxocortisol as well as steroid 11 beta-hydroxylase activity. Mutations in this gene cause corticosterone methyl oxidase deficiency. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP11B1 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 11, subfamily B, polypeptide 1

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein localizes to the mitochondrial inner membrane and is involved in the conversion of progesterone to cortisol in the adrenal cortex. Mutations in this gene cause congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 11-beta-hydroxylase deficiency. Transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been noted for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

UQCRC2 Gene

ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase core protein II

UQCRC1 Gene

ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase core protein I

CYP4F59P Gene

cytochrome P450, family 4, subfamily F, polypeptide 59, pseudogene

CYP4F25P Gene

cytochrome P450, family 4, subfamily F, polypeptide 25, pseudogene

CYP26C1 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 26, subfamily C, polypeptide 1

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This enzyme is involved in the catabolism of all-trans- and 9-cis-retinoic acid, and thus contributes to the regulation of retinoic acid levels in cells and tissues. This gene is adjacent to a related gene on chromosome 10q23.33. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYCSP8 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 8

CYCSP4 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 4

CYCSP5 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 5

CYCSP6 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 6

CYCSP7 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 7

CYCSP1 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 1

CYCSP2 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 2

CYCSP3 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 3

CYP2F1 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily F, polypeptide 1

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum and is known to dehydrogenate 3-methylindole, an endogenous toxin derived from the fermentation of tryptophan, as well as xenobiotic substrates such as naphthalene and ethoxycoumarin. This gene is part of a large cluster of cytochrome P450 genes from the CYP2A, CYP2B and CYP2F subfamilies on chromosome 19q. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP4F35P Gene

cytochrome P450, family 4, subfamily F, polypeptide 35, pseudogene

CYB561A3 Gene

cytochrome b561 family, member A3

UQCC1 Gene

ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase complex assembly factor 1

This gene encodes a transmembrane protein that is structurally similar to the mouse basic fibroblast growth factor repressed ZIC-binding protein. In mouse this protein may be involved in fibroblast growth factor regulated growth control. In humans, polymorphisms in this gene are associated with variation in human height and osteoarthritis. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

UQCC3 Gene

ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase complex assembly factor 3

Complex III is a mitochondrial inner membrane protein complex that transfers electrons from ubiquinol to cytochrome c. This gene encodes a protein that functions in complex III assembly. Mutations in this gene result in Mitochondrial complex III deficiency, nuclear type 9. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2014]

UQCC2 Gene

ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase complex assembly factor 2

This gene encodes a nucleoid protein localized to the mitochondria inner membrane. The encoded protein affects regulation of insulin secretion, mitochondrial ATP production, and myogenesis through modulation of mitochondrial respiratory chain activity. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2012]

CYP4F62P Gene

cytochrome P450, family 4, subfamily F, polypeptide 62, pseudogene

CYP3A7 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily A, polypeptide 7

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes, which participate in drug metabolism and the synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This enzyme hydroxylates testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone 3-sulphate, which is involved in the formation of estriol during pregnancy. This gene is part of a cluster of related genes on chromosome 7q21.1. Naturally-occurring readthrough transcription occurs between this gene and the downstream CYP3A51P pseudogene and is represented by GeneID:100861540. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2015]

CYP3A4 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily A, polypeptide 4

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases that catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum and its expression is induced by glucocorticoids and some pharmacological agents. This enzyme is involved in the metabolism of approximately half the drugs in use today, including acetaminophen, codeine, cyclosporin A, diazepam and erythromycin. The enzyme also metabolizes some steroids and carcinogens. This gene is part of a cluster of cytochrome P450 genes on chromosome 7q21.1. Previously another CYP3A gene, CYP3A3, was thought to exist; however, it is now thought that this sequence represents a transcript variant of CYP3A4. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2011]

CYB561 Gene

cytochrome b561

MT-CYB Gene

cytochrome b

CYCSP52 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 52

CYCSP53 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 53

CYCSP51 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 51

CYCSP55 Gene

cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene 55

CYP11A1 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 11, subfamily A, polypeptide 1

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein localizes to the mitochondrial inner membrane and catalyzes the conversion of cholesterol to pregnenolone, the first and rate-limiting step in the synthesis of the steroid hormones. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. The cellular location of the smaller isoform is unclear since it lacks the mitochondrial-targeting transit peptide. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP4V2 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 4, subfamily V, polypeptide 2

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 hemethiolate protein superfamily which are involved in oxidizing various substrates in the metabolic pathway. It is implicated in the metabolism of fatty acid precursors into n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Mutations in this gene result in Bietti crystalline corneoretinal dystrophy. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYB5A Gene

cytochrome b5 type A (microsomal)

The protein encoded by this gene is a membrane-bound cytochrome that reduces ferric hemoglobin (methemoglobin) to ferrous hemoglobin, which is required for stearyl-CoA-desaturase activity. Defects in this gene are a cause of type IV hereditary methemoglobinemia. Three transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2010]

CYB5B Gene

cytochrome b5 type B (outer mitochondrial membrane)

POR Gene

P450 (cytochrome) oxidoreductase

This gene encodes an endoplasmic reticulum membrane oxidoreductase with an FAD-binding domain and a flavodoxin-like domain. The protein binds two cofactors, FAD and FMN, which allow it to donate electrons directly from NADPH to all microsomal P450 enzymes. Mutations in this gene have been associated with various diseases, including apparent combined P450C17 and P450C21 deficiency, amenorrhea and disordered steroidogenesis, congenital adrenal hyperplasia and Antley-Bixler syndrome. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP2S1 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily S, polypeptide 1

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum. In rodents, the homologous protein has been shown to metabolize certain carcinogens; however, the specific function of the human protein has not been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC100631371 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily D, polypeptide 6 pseudogene

CYCS Gene

cytochrome c, somatic

This gene encodes a small heme protein that functions as a central component of the electron transport chain in mitochondria. The encoded protein associates with the inner membrane of the mitochondrion where it accepts electrons from cytochrome b and transfers them to the cytochrome oxidase complex. This protein is also involved in initiation of apoptosis. Mutations in this gene are associated with autosomal dominant nonsyndromic thrombocytopenia. Numerous processed pseudogenes of this gene are found throughout the human genome.[provided by RefSeq, Jul 2010]

CYP2B7P Gene

cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily B, polypeptide 7, pseudogene

CYP2A7P1 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily A, polypeptide 7 pseudogene 1

CYB5D1 Gene

cytochrome b5 domain containing 1

CYB5D2 Gene

cytochrome b5 domain containing 2

CYC1 Gene

cytochrome c-1

This gene encodes a subunit of the cytochrome bc1 complex, which plays an important role in the mitochondrial respiratory chain by transferring electrons from the Rieske iron-sulfur protein to cytochrome c. Mutations in this gene may cause mitochondrial complex III deficiency, nuclear type 6. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2013]

CYP39A1 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 39, subfamily A, polypeptide 1

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This endoplasmic reticulum protein is involved in the conversion of cholesterol to bile acids. Its substrates include the oxysterols 25-hydroxycholesterol, 27-hydroxycholesterol and 24-hydroxycholesterol. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2013]

UQCRHP4 Gene

ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase hinge protein pseudogene 4

UQCRHP1 Gene

ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase hinge protein pseudogene 1

UQCRHP2 Gene

ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase hinge protein pseudogene 2

CYP4F8 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 4, subfamily F, polypeptide 8

This gene, CYP4F8, encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum and functions as a 19-hydroxylase of prostaglandins in seminal vesicles. This gene is part of a cluster of cytochrome P450 genes on chromosome 19. Another member of this family, CYP4F3, is approximately 18 kb away. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP4F2 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 4, subfamily F, polypeptide 2

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum. The enzyme starts the process of inactivating and degrading leukotriene B4, a potent mediator of inflammation. This gene is part of a cluster of cytochrome P450 genes on chromosome 19. Another member of this family, CYP4F11, is approximately 16 kb away. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP4F3 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 4, subfamily F, polypeptide 3

This gene, CYP4F3, encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum. The enzyme starts the process of inactivating and degrading leukotriene B4, a potent mediator of inflammation. This gene is part of a cluster of cytochrome P450 genes on chromosome 19. Another member of this family, CYP4F8, is approximately 18 kb away. Three transcript variants encoding two different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2010]

CYP51A1 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 51, subfamily A, polypeptide 1

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This endoplasmic reticulum protein participates in the synthesis of cholesterol by catalyzing the removal of the 14alpha-methyl group from lanosterol. Homologous genes are found in all three eukaryotic phyla, fungi, plants, and animals, suggesting that this is one of the oldest cytochrome P450 genes. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2009]

CYP2C9 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily C, polypeptide 9

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum and its expression is induced by rifampin. The enzyme is known to metabolize many xenobiotics, including phenytoin, tolbutamide, ibuprofen and S-warfarin. Studies identifying individuals who are poor metabolizers of phenytoin and tolbutamide suggest that this gene is polymorphic. The gene is located within a cluster of cytochrome P450 genes on chromosome 10q24. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP2C8 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily C, polypeptide 8

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum and its expression is induced by phenobarbital. The enzyme is known to metabolize many xenobiotics, including the anticonvulsive drug mephenytoin, benzo(a)pyrene, 7-ethyoxycoumarin, and the anti-cancer drug taxol. This gene is located within a cluster of cytochrome P450 genes on chromosome 10q24. Several transcript variants encoding a few different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2010]

CYP4F30P Gene

cytochrome P450, family 4, subfamily F, polypeptide 30, pseudogene

CYP2D8P Gene

cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily D, polypeptide 8, pseudogene

CYP3A Gene

cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily A

The CYP3A locus includes all the known members of the 3A subfamily of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of genes. These genes encode monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. The CYP3A cluster consists of four genes, CYP3A43, CYP3A4, CYP3A7 and CYP3A5. The region also contains two pseudogenes, CYP3A5P1 and CYP3A5P2, as well as several extra exons which may or may not be included in transcripts produced from this region. Previously another CYP3A member, CYP3A3, was thought to exist; however, it is now thought that this sequence represents a transcript variant of CYP3A4. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP21A2 Gene

cytochrome P450, family 21, subfamily A, polypeptide 2

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum and hydroxylates steroids at the 21 position. Its activity is required for the synthesis of steroid hormones including cortisol and aldosterone. Mutations in this gene cause congenital adrenal hyperplasia. A related pseudogene is located near this gene; gene conversion events involving the functional gene and the pseudogene are thought to account for many cases of steroid 21-hydroxylase deficiency. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYP2G1P Gene

cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily G, polypeptide 1 pseudogene

TCOF1 Gene

Treacher Collins-Franceschetti syndrome 1

This gene encodes a nucleolar protein with a LIS1 homology domain. The protein is involved in ribosomal DNA gene transcription through its interaction with upstream binding factor (UBF). Mutations in this gene have been associated with Treacher Collins syndrome, a disorder which includes abnormal craniofacial development. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2008]

PISRT1 Gene

polled intersex syndrome regulated transcript 1 (non-protein coding RNA)

SPG21 Gene

spastic paraplegia 21 (autosomal recessive, Mast syndrome)

The protein encoded by this gene binds to the hydrophobic C-terminal amino acids of CD4 which are involved in repression of T cell activation. The interaction with CD4 is mediated by the noncatalytic alpha/beta hydrolase fold domain of this protein. It is thus proposed that this gene product modulates the stimulatory activity of CD4. Mutations in this gene are associated with autosomal recessive spastic paraplegia 21 (SPG21), also known as mast syndrome. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2014]

FRIASS Gene

Frias syndrome

DEL8Q13 Gene

Mesomelia-synostoses syndrome

RENS2 Gene

Renpenning syndrome 2

DUP5P13 Gene

Chromosome 5p13 duplication syndrome

USH3B Gene

Usher syndrome 3B

ASPG2 Gene

Asperger syndrome, susceptibility to, 2

ASPG3 Gene

Asperger syndrome, susceptibility to, 3

ASPG4 Gene

Asperger syndrome, susceptibility to, 4

MGS Gene

Mungan syndrome

FWS Gene

Forsythe-Wakeling syndrome

DEL15Q26QTER Gene

Chromosome 15q26-qter deletion syndrome

SSSCA1 Gene

Sjogren syndrome/scleroderma autoantigen 1

This antigen is recognized by a subset of anti-centromere antibodies from patients with scleroderma and/or Sjogren's syndrome. Subcellular localization has not yet been established. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SPG20 Gene

spastic paraplegia 20 (Troyer syndrome)

This gene encodes a protein containing a MIT (Microtubule Interacting and Trafficking molecule) domain, and is implicated in regulating endosomal trafficking and mitochondria function. The protein localizes to mitochondria and partially co-localizes with microtubules. Stimulation with epidermal growth factor (EGF) results in protein translocation to the plasma membrane, and the protein functions in the degradation and intracellular trafficking of EGF receptor. Multiple alternatively spliced variants, encoding the same protein, have been identified. Mutations associated with this gene cause autosomal recessive spastic paraplegia 20 (Troyer syndrome). [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2008]

JBS Gene

Jacobsen syndrome

WS2B Gene

Waardenburg syndrome, type 2B

WS2C Gene

Waardenburg syndrome, type IIC

MRXSAB Gene

Abidi X-linked mental retardation syndrome

WHSC1 Gene

Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome candidate 1

This gene encodes a protein that contains four domains present in other developmental proteins: a PWWP domain, an HMG box, a SET domain, and a PHD-type zinc finger. It is expressed ubiquitously in early development. Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS) is a malformation syndrome associated with a hemizygous deletion of the distal short arm of chromosome 4. This gene maps to the 165 kb WHS critical region and has also been involved in the chromosomal translocation t(4;14)(p16.3;q32.3) in multiple myelomas. Alternative splicing of this gene results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. Some transcript variants are nonsense-mediated mRNA (NMD) decay candidates, hence not represented as reference sequences. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

COHEN1 Gene

Cohen syndrome QTL 1

AOMS1 Gene

Abdominal obesity-metabolic syndrome QTL1

AOMS2 Gene

abdominal obesity-metabolic syndrome QTL2

DCR Gene

Down syndrome chromosome region

Down syndrome, the most frequent form of mental retardation caused by a microscopically demonstrable chromosomal aberration, is characterized by well-defined and distinctive phenotypic features and natural history. It is caused by triplicate state (trisomy) of all or a critical portion of chromosome 21.[supplied by OMIM, Apr 2005]

DUPXP11.22 Gene

Xp11.22 microduplication syndrome

DEL15Q11.2 Gene

Chromosome 15q11.2 deletion syndrome

HHT3 Gene

Osler-Rendu-Weber syndrome 3

DEL1Q43Q44 Gene

Chromosome 1q42-q44 deletion syndrome

OGS2 Gene

Opitz G syndrome, type II

This disorder, variously named the G, Opitz-G, or BBB syndrome, includes hypertelorism or telecanthus; laryngotracheoesophageal cleft; clefts of lip, palate, and uvula; swallowing difficulty and hoarse cry; genitourinary defects, especially hypospadias in males and splayed labia majora in females; mental retardation; and congenital heart defects.[supplied by OMIM, Jul 2002]

TUKLS Gene

Tukel syndrome

PIH2 Gene

pregnancy-induced hypertension syndrome-related protein

CXDUPQ26.3 Gene

Chromosome Xq26.3 duplication syndrome

LOC729770 Gene

wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein homolog

HBHR Gene

alpha-thalassemia/mental retardation syndrome, type 1

NMLFS Gene

Nablus mask-like facial syndrome

BMIQ16 Gene

Chromosome 16p11.2 deletion syndrome, 220kb

DELYQ11 Gene

Sertoli cell-only syndrome, Y-linked

DEL19P13.13 Gene

Chromosome 19p13.13 deletion syndrome

DEL3PTERP25 Gene

3p- syndrome

TRIP4Q32.1Q32.2 Gene

Chromosome 4q32.1-q32.2 triplication syndrome

DEL3Q13.31 Gene

Chromosome 3q13.31 deletion syndrome

DEL15Q25 Gene

Chromosome 15q25 deletion syndrome

SSB Gene

Sjogren syndrome antigen B (autoantigen La)

The protein encoded by this gene is involved in diverse aspects of RNA metabolism, including binding and protecting poly(U) termini of nascent RNA polymerase III transcripts from exonuclease digestion, processing 5' and 3' ends of pre-tRNA precursors, acting as an RNA chaperone, and binding viral RNAs associated with hepatitis C virus. Autoantibodies reacting with this protein are found in the sera of patients with Sjogren syndrome and systemic lupus erythematosus. Alternative promoter usage results in two different transcript variants which encode the same protein. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2014]

DELXP21 Gene

Chromosome Xp21 deletion syndrome

DEL17Q12 Gene

Chromosome 17q12 deletion syndrome

EDS8 Gene

Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, type VIII

LOC102724426 Gene

Sjoegren syndrome nuclear autoantigen 1 homolog

DSCR8 Gene

Down syndrome critical region 8

DSCR3 Gene

Down syndrome critical region 3

The region of chromosome 21 between genes CBR and ERG (CBR-ERG region), which spans 2.5 Mb on 21q22.2, has been defined by analysis of patients with partial trisomy 21. It contributes significantly to the pathogenesis of many characteristics of Down syndrome, including morphological features, hypotonia, and mental retardation. The DSCR3 (Down syndrome critical region gene 3) gene is found in this region and is predictated to contain eight exons. DSCR3 is expressed in most tissues examined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

ALMS1 Gene

Alstrom syndrome protein 1

This gene encodes a protein containing a large tandem-repeat domain as well as additional low complexity regions. The encoded protein functions in microtubule organization, particularly in the formation and maintanance of cilia. Mutations in this gene cause Alstrom syndrome. There is a pseudogene for this gene located adjacent in the same region of chromosome 2. Alternative splice variants have been described but their full length nature has not been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2014]

TAM Gene

Myeloproliferative syndrome, transient (transient abnormal

WHCR Gene

Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome chromosome region

Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome is a congenital malformation syndrome characterized by pre- and postnatal growth deficiency, developmental disability of variable degree, characteristic craniofacial features ('Greek warrior helmet' appearance of the nose, high forehead, prominent glabella, hypertelorism, high-arched eyebrows, protruding eyes, epicanthal folds, short philtrum, distinct mouth with downturned corners, and micrognathia), and a seizure disorder (Battaglia et al., 2008 [PubMed 18932224]).[supplied by OMIM, Nov 2010]

DEL2Q23.1 Gene

Chromosome 2q23.1 deletion syndrome

WHSC1L1 Gene

Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome candidate 1-like 1

This gene is related to the Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome candidate-1 gene and encodes a protein with PWWP (proline-tryptophan-tryptophan-proline) domains. This protein methylates histone H3 at lysine residues 4 and 27, which represses gene transcription. Two alternatively spliced variants have been described. [provided by RefSeq, May 2015]

ATRX Gene

alpha thalassemia/mental retardation syndrome X-linked

The protein encoded by this gene contains an ATPase/helicase domain, and thus it belongs to the SWI/SNF family of chromatin remodeling proteins. This protein is found to undergo cell cycle-dependent phosphorylation, which regulates its nuclear matrix and chromatin association, and suggests its involvement in the gene regulation at interphase and chromosomal segregation in mitosis. Mutations in this gene are associated with an X-linked mental retardation (XLMR) syndrome most often accompanied by alpha-thalassemia (ATRX) syndrome. These mutations have been shown to cause diverse changes in the pattern of DNA methylation, which may provide a link between chromatin remodeling, DNA methylation, and gene expression in developmental processes. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been reported. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2013]

DUP16P11.2 Gene

Chromosome 16p11.2 duplication syndrome

MMDFS Gene

Multiple mitochondrial dysfunctions syndrome

DEL8Q21.11 Gene

Chromosome 8q21.11 deletion syndrome

CDL2 Gene

Cornelia de Lange syndrome 2

DEL3Q29 Gene

Chromosome 3q29 microdeletion syndrome

DGCR9 Gene

DiGeorge syndrome critical region gene 9 (non-protein coding)

DGCR2 Gene

DiGeorge syndrome critical region gene 2

Deletions of the 22q11.2 have been associated with a wide range of developmental defects (notably DiGeorge syndrome, velocardiofacial syndrome, conotruncal anomaly face syndrome and isolated conotruncal cardiac defects) classified under the acronym CATCH 22. The DGCR2 gene encodes a novel putative adhesion receptor protein, which could play a role in neural crest cells migration, a process which has been proposed to be altered in DiGeorge syndrome. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants.[provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

DGCR5 Gene

DiGeorge syndrome critical region gene 5 (non-protein coding)

DGCR7 Gene

DiGeorge syndrome critical region gene 7

DGCR6 Gene

DiGeorge syndrome critical region gene 6

DiGeorge syndrome, and more widely, the CATCH 22 syndrome, are associated with microdeletions in chromosomal region 22q11.2. The product of this gene shares homology with the Drosophila melanogaster gonadal protein, which participates in gonadal and germ cell development, and with the gamma-1 subunit of human laminin. This gene is a candidate for involvement in DiGeorge syndrome pathology and in schizophrenia. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2008]

DEL9P Gene

Chromosome 9p deletion syndrome

LVSKS Gene

Levy-Shanske syndrome

ADFN Gene

albinism-deafness syndrome

GPDS1 Gene

glaucoma-related pigment dispersion syndrome 1

DEL2Q32Q33 Gene

Chromosome 2q32-q33 deletion syndrome

CECR5 Gene

cat eye syndrome chromosome region, candidate 5

CECR9 Gene

cat eye syndrome chromosome region, candidate 9 (non-protein coding)

LOC101929941 Gene

neural Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein-like

RIEG2 Gene

Rieger syndrome 2

DEL1Q41Q42 Gene

Chromosome 1q41-q42 deletion syndrome

SBDS Gene

Shwachman-Bodian-Diamond syndrome

This gene encodes a member of a highly conserved protein family that exists from archaea to vertebrates and plants. The encoded protein may function in RNA metabolism. Mutations within this gene are associated with Shwachman-Bodian-Diamond syndrome. An alternative transcript has been described, but its biological nature has not been determined. This gene has a closely linked pseudogene that is distally located. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PSS Gene

Potocki-Shaffer syndrome

OCRL Gene

oculocerebrorenal syndrome of Lowe

This gene encodes a phosphatase enzyme that is involved in actin polymerization and is found in the trans-Golgi network. Mutations in this gene cause oculocerebrorenal syndrome of Lowe and also Dent disease. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC100420893 Gene

Down syndrome critical region 3 pseudogene

PCOS1 Gene

polycystic ovary syndrome 1

WHSC1L2P Gene

Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome candidate 1-like 2, pseudogene

WBSCR27 Gene

Williams Beuren syndrome chromosome region 27

This gene encodes a protein belonging to ubiE/COQ5 methyltransferase family. The gene is deleted in Williams syndrome, a multisystem developmental disorder caused by the deletion of contiguous genes at 7q11.22-q11.23. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

WBSCR28 Gene

Williams-Beuren syndrome chromosome region 28

DUP17Q23.1Q23.2 Gene

Chromosome 17q23.1-q23.2 duplication syndrome

FGS2 Gene

FG syndrome 2

FGS3 Gene

FG syndrome 3

HYLS1 Gene

hydrolethalus syndrome 1

This gene encodes a protein localized to the cytoplasm. Mutations in this gene are associated with hydrolethalus syndrome. Multiple alternatively spliced variants, encoding the same protein, have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2008]

EVC2 Gene

Ellis van Creveld syndrome 2

This gene encodes a protein that functions in bone formation and skeletal development. Mutations in this gene, as well as in a neighboring gene that lies in a head-to-head configuration, cause Ellis-van Creveld syndrome, an autosomal recessive skeletal dysplasia that is also known as chondroectodermal dysplasia. Mutations in this gene also cause acrofacial dysostosis Weyers type, also referred to as Curry-Hall syndrome, a disease that combines limb and facial abnormalities. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]

ACF Gene

Asymmetric crying facies (Cayler cardiofacial syndrome)

DEL6Q24Q25 Gene

Chromosome 6q25-q25 deletion syndrome

MYSA Gene

myasthenic (Lambert-Eaton) syndrome antigen A

SCLL Gene

Chromosome 8p11 myeloproliferative syndrome

ACLS Gene

acrocallosal syndrome

USHBP1 Gene

Usher syndrome 1C binding protein 1

LOC389465 Gene

Sjogren syndrome antigen B pseudogene

TEMPS Gene

Temple syndrome

GHS Gene

Goldenhar syndrome

KONDS Gene

Kondoh syndrome

NIPA2P3 Gene

non imprinted in Prader-Willi/Angelman syndrome 2 pseudogene 3

NIPA2P2 Gene

non imprinted in Prader-Willi/Angelman syndrome 2 pseudogene 2

NIPA2P1 Gene

non imprinted in Prader-Willi/Angelman syndrome 2 pseudogene 1

NIPA2P5 Gene

non imprinted in Prader-Willi/Angelman syndrome 2 pseudogene 5

NIPA2P4 Gene

non imprinted in Prader-Willi/Angelman syndrome 2 pseudogene 4

MROS Gene

Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome

CECR1 Gene

cat eye syndrome chromosome region, candidate 1

This gene encodes a member of a subfamily of the adenosine deaminase protein family. The encoded protein is one of two adenosine deaminases found in humans, which regulate levels of the signaling molecule, adenosine. The encoded protein is secreted from monocytes undergoing differentiation and may regulate cell proliferation and differentiation. This gene may be responsible for some of the phenotypic features associated with cat eye syndrome. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2013]

CECR2 Gene

cat eye syndrome chromosome region, candidate 2

This gene encodes a bromodomain-containing protein that is involved in chromatin remodeling, and may additionally play a role in DNA damage response. The encoded protein functions as part of an ATP-dependent complex that is involved in neurulation. This gene is a candidate gene for Cat Eye Syndrome. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2014]

CECR3 Gene

cat eye syndrome chromosome region, candidate 3 (non-protein coding)

CECR6 Gene

cat eye syndrome chromosome region, candidate 6

DELXQ28 Gene

Chromosome Xq28 microdeletion syndrome

APMR3 Gene

Alopecia-mental retardation syndrome 3

APMR2 Gene

Alopecia with mental retardation syndrome 2

APMR1 Gene

Alopecia-mental retardation syndrome

COHEN2 Gene

Cohen syndrome QTL 2

DUP2Q31.1 Gene

Chromosome 2q31.1 duplication syndrome

MKKS Gene

McKusick-Kaufman syndrome

This gene encodes a protein which shares sequence similarity with other members of the type II chaperonin family. The encoded protein is a centrosome-shuttling protein and plays an important role in cytokinesis. This protein also interacts with other type II chaperonin members to form a complex known as the BBSome, which involves ciliary membrane biogenesis. This protein is encoded by a downstream open reading frame (dORF). Several upstream open reading frames (uORFs) have been identified, which repress the translation of the dORF, and two of which can encode small mitochondrial membrane proteins. Mutations in this gene have been observed in patients with Bardet-Biedl syndrome type 6, also known as McKusick-Kaufman syndrome. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2013]

DEL22Q11.2 Gene

Chromosome 22q11.2 deletion syndrome, distal

USH2A Gene

Usher syndrome 2A (autosomal recessive, mild)

This gene encodes a protein that contains laminin EGF motifs, a pentaxin domain, and many fibronectin type III motifs. The protein is found in the basement membrane, and may be important in development and homeostasis of the inner ear and retina. Mutations within this gene have been associated with Usher syndrome type IIa and retinitis pigmentosa. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2008]

MDS2 Gene

myelodysplastic syndrome 2 translocation associated

DEL13Q14 Gene

Chromosome 13q14 deletion syndrome

DUP16P13.3 Gene

Chromosome 16p13.3 duplication syndrome

DEL6PTER Gene

Chromosome 6pter deletion syndrome

WRN Gene

Werner syndrome, RecQ helicase-like

This gene encodes a member of the RecQ subfamily and the DEAH (Asp-Glu-Ala-His) subfamily of DNA and RNA helicases. DNA helicases are involved in many aspects of DNA metabolism, including transcription, replication, recombination, and repair. This protein contains a nuclear localization signal in the C-terminus and shows a predominant nucleolar localization. It possesses an intrinsic 3' to 5' DNA helicase activity, and is also a 3' to 5' exonuclease. Based on interactions between this protein and Ku70/80 heterodimer in DNA end processing, this protein may be involved in the repair of double strand DNA breaks. Defects in this gene are the cause of Werner syndrome, an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by premature aging. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

DUPXQ28 Gene

Chromosome Xq28 duplication syndrome

DEL2P12P11.2 Gene

Chromosome 2p12-p11.2 deletion syndrome

ARCODS Gene

Ariculocondylar syndrome

MKS1 Gene

Meckel syndrome, type 1

The protein encoded by this gene localizes to the basal body and is required for formation of the primary cilium in ciliated epithelial cells. Mutations in this gene result in Meckel syndrome type 1 and in Bardet-Biedl syndrome type 13. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2009]

DGCR Gene

DiGeorge syndrome chromosome region

DiGeorge syndrome (DGS) comprises hypocalcemia arising from parathyroid hypoplasia, thymic hypoplasia, and outflow tract defects of the heart. Disturbance of cervical neural crest migration into the derivatives of the pharyngeal arches and pouches can account for the phenotype. Most cases result from a deletion of chromosome 22q11.2 (the DiGeorge syndrome chromosome region, or DGCR). Several genes are lost including the putative transcription factor TUPLE1 which is expressed in the appropriate distribution. This deletion may present with a variety of phenotypes: Shprintzen, or velocardiofacial, syndrome (VCFS; MIM 192430); conotruncal anomaly face (or Takao syndrome); and isolated outflow tract defects of the heart including tetralogy of Fallot, truncus arteriosus, and interrupted aortic arch. A collective acronym CATCH22 has been proposed for these differing presentations. A small number of cases of DGS have defects in other chromosomes, notably 10p13 (see MIM 601362). In the mouse, a transgenic Hox A3 (Hox 1.5) knockout produces a phenotype similar to DGS as do the teratogens retinoic acid and alcohol.[supplied by OMIM, Aug 2009]

LOC100421446 Gene

Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome candidate 1-like 1 pseudogene

ANCR Gene

Angelman syndrome chromosome region

Angelman syndrome is characterized by mental retardation, movement or balance disorder, characteristic abnormal behaviors, and severe limitations in speech and language. Most cases are caused by absence of a maternal contribution to the imprinted region on chromosome 15q11-q13. Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS; MIM 176270) is a clinically distinct disorder resulting from paternal deletion of the same 15q11-q13 region. In addition, the chromosome 15q11-q13 duplication syndrome (MIM 608636) shows overlapping clinical features. Clayton-Smith and Pembrey (1992) [PubMed 1619637] provided a review of Angelman syndrome. Cassidy and Schwartz (1998) [PubMed 9556704] reviewed the molecular and clinical aspects of both Prader-Willi syndrome and Angelman syndrome. Horsthemke and Wagstaff (2008) [PubMed 18627066] provided a detailed review of the mechanisms of imprinting of the Prader-Willi/Angelman syndrome region.[supplied by OMIM, Oct 2008]

DEL2Q31 Gene

Chromosome 2q31.2 deletion syndrome

RJBS Gene

Rajab syndrome

DEL16P12.1P11.2 Gene

Chromosome 16p12.2-p11.2 deletion syndrome

MDNS Gene

Mammary-digital-nail syndrome

DEL2P16.1-P15 Gene

Chromosome 2p16.1-p15 deletion syndrome

WBSCR17 Gene

Williams-Beuren syndrome chromosome region 17

This gene encodes an N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase. This gene is located centromeric to the common deleted region in Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS), a multisystem developmental disorder caused by the deletion of contiguous genes at 7q11.23. This protein may play a role in membrane trafficking. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2013]

DEL6Q11Q14 Gene

Chromosome 6q11-q14 deletion syndrome

WAS Gene

Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome

The Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) family of proteins share similar domain structure, and are involved in transduction of signals from receptors on the cell surface to the actin cytoskeleton. The presence of a number of different motifs suggests that they are regulated by a number of different stimuli, and interact with multiple proteins. Recent studies have demonstrated that these proteins, directly or indirectly, associate with the small GTPase, Cdc42, known to regulate formation of actin filaments, and the cytoskeletal organizing complex, Arp2/3. Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome is a rare, inherited, X-linked, recessive disease characterized by immune dysregulation and microthrombocytopenia, and is caused by mutations in the WAS gene. The WAS gene product is a cytoplasmic protein, expressed exclusively in hematopoietic cells, which show signalling and cytoskeletal abnormalities in WAS patients. A transcript variant arising as a result of alternative promoter usage, and containing a different 5' UTR sequence, has been described, however, its full-length nature is not known. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

MRXSA Gene

Armfield X-linked mental retardation syndrome

MRXSL Gene

Lubs X-linked mental retardation syndrome

RFMN Gene

Roifman syndrome

DUP22Q11.2 Gene

Chromosome 22q11.2 microduplication syndrome

DSCAM Gene

Down syndrome cell adhesion molecule

This gene is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily of cell adhesion molecules (Ig-CAMs), and is involved in human central and peripheral nervous system development. This gene is a candidate for Down syndrome and congenital heart disease (DSCHD). A gene encoding a similar Ig-CAM protein is located on chromosome 11. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2012]

CATMANS Gene

Catel-Manzke syndrome

ICR4 Gene

ichthyosis congenita IV, ichthyosis-prematurity syndrome

LRSL Gene

Larsen-like syndrome

DUP7Q11.23 Gene

Chromosome 7q11.23 duplication syndrome

MRXSBWB Gene

Brooks-Wisniewski-Brown syndrome

MBS1 Gene

Moebius syndrome 1

MBS2 Gene

Moebius syndrome 2

MBS3 Gene

Moebius syndrome 3

THAS Gene

thoracoabdominal syndrome

DEL16P13.3 Gene

Chromosome 16p13.3 deletion syndrome

DSCR9 Gene

Down syndrome critical region 9 (non-protein coding)

DSCR4 Gene

Down syndrome critical region 4

The gene is found in a region of chromosome 21 that has been linked to the pathogenesis of Down syndrome. This gene is transcribed from a bi-directional promoter located in an endogenous retrovirus. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2015]

DEL17Q23.1Q23.2 Gene

Chromosome 17q23.1-q23.2 deletion syndrome

AIC Gene

Aicardi syndrome

DEL1P32P31 Gene

Chromosome 1p32-p31 deletion syndrome

DUPXQ27.3Q28 Gene

Chromosome Xq27.3-q28 duplication syndrome

DEL14Q11Q22 Gene

Chromosome 14q11-q22 deletion syndrome

MCS Gene

Miles-Carpenter X-linked mental retardation syndrome

SPPM Gene

scapuloperoneal syndrome, myopathic type

DUP17P13.3 Gene

Chromosome 17p13.3 duplication syndrome

SMCR8 Gene

Smith-Magenis syndrome chromosome region, candidate 8

SMCR2 Gene

Smith-Magenis syndrome chromosome region, candidate 2 (non-protein coding)

SMCR5 Gene

Smith-Magenis syndrome chromosome region, candidate 5 (non-protein coding)

SMCR6 Gene

Smith-Magenis syndrome chromosome region, candidate 6 (non-protein coding)

CECR7 Gene

cat eye syndrome chromosome region, candidate 7 (non-protein coding)

CYLD Gene

cylindromatosis (turban tumor syndrome)

This gene is encodes a cytoplasmic protein with three cytoskeletal-associated protein-glycine-conserved (CAP-GLY) domains that functions as a deubiquitinating enzyme. Mutations in this gene have been associated with cylindromatosis, multiple familial trichoepithelioma, and Brooke-Spiegler syndrome. Alternate transcriptional splice variants, encoding different isoforms, have been characterized. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

DEL2P21 Gene

Hypotonia-cystinuria syndrome

WAGRO Gene

WAGRO syndrome

OFD1 Gene

oral-facial-digital syndrome 1

This gene is located on the X chromosome and encodes a centrosomal protein. A knockout mouse model has been used to study the effect of mutations in this gene. The mouse gene is also located on the X chromosome, however, unlike the human gene it is not subject to X inactivation. Mutations in this gene are associated with oral-facial-digital syndrome type I and Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome type 2. Many pseudogenes have been identified; a single pseudogene is found on chromosome 5 while as many as fifteen have been found on the Y chromosome. Alternatively spliced transcripts have been described for this gene but the biological validity of these transcripts has not been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

EDSS2 Gene

Ectodermal dysplasia-syndactyly syndrome 2

DELXP11.3 Gene

Chromosome Xp11.3 deletion syndrome

MRXSMP Gene

Martin-Probst deafness-mental retardation syndrome

MSD Gene

microcephaly with spastic diplegia (Paine syndrome)

PRS Gene

Prieto X-linked mental retardation syndrome

DUP17Q12 Gene

Chromosome 17q12 duplication syndrome

USH1K Gene

Usher syndrome 1K (autosomal recessive)

SPG38 Gene

spastic paraplegia 38 (autosomal dominant, Silver syndrome)

ALMS1P Gene

Alstrom syndrome 1 pseudogene

SBDSP1 Gene

Shwachman-Bodian-Diamond syndrome pseudogene 1

ACRPV Gene

Acropectorovertebral dysplasia (F syndrome)

ACRPS Gene

Acropectoral syndrome

PRBNS Gene

Pierre Robin syndrome

ZLS Gene

Zimmerman-Laband Syndrome

CCCSX Gene

Cerebral-cerebellar-coloboma syndrome, X-linked

WBSCR22 Gene

Williams Beuren syndrome chromosome region 22

This gene encodes a protein containing a nuclear localization signal and an S-adenosyl-L-methionine binding motif typical of methyltransferases, suggesting that the encoded protein may act on DNA methylation. This gene is deleted in Williams syndrome, a multisystem developmental disorder caused by the deletion of contiguous genes at 7q11.23. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2011]

WFS1 Gene

Wolfram syndrome 1 (wolframin)

This gene encodes a transmembrane protein, which is located primarily in the endoplasmic reticulum and ubiquitously expressed with highest levels in brain, pancreas, heart, and insulinoma beta-cell lines. Mutations in this gene are associated with Wolfram syndrome, also called DIDMOAD (Diabetes Insipidus, Diabetes Mellitus, Optic Atrophy, and Deafness), an autosomal recessive disorder. The disease affects the brain and central nervous system. Mutations in this gene can also cause autosomal dominant deafness 6 (DFNA6), also known as DFNA14 or DFNA38. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2009]

DUP3Q29 Gene

chromosome 3q29 microduplication syndrome

DUPXP11.23P11.22 Gene

Chromosome Xp11.23-p11.22 duplication syndrome

ASPG1 Gene

Asperger syndrome, susceptibility to, 1

DEL18P Gene

Chromosome 18p deletion syndrome

DEL18Q Gene

Chromosome 18q deletion syndrome

FRTS1 Gene

Fanconi renotubular syndrome

PTLS Gene

Potocki-Lupski syndrome

CECR Gene

cat eye syndrome chromosome region

Cat eye syndrome (CES) is characterized clinically by the combination of coloboma of the iris and anal atresia with fistula, downslanting palpebral fissures, preauricular tags and/or pits, frequent occurrence of heart and renal malformations, and normal or near-normal mental development. A small supernumerary chromosome (smaller than chromosome 21) is present, frequently has 2 centromeres, is bisatellited, and represents an inv dup(22)(q11).[supplied by OMIM, Aug 2009]

FGS5 Gene

FG syndrome 5

IPW Gene

imprinted in Prader-Willi syndrome (non-protein coding)

This gene is non-protein coding, is expressed exclusively from the paternal allele, and may play a role in the imprinting process. Mutations in this gene are associated with Prader-Willi syndrome. [provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

DER22T11-22 Gene

Emanuel syndrome

DGCR11 Gene

DiGeorge syndrome critical region gene 11 (non-protein coding)

DGCR10 Gene

DiGeorge syndrome critical region gene 10 (non-protein coding)

DGCR12 Gene

DiGeorge syndrome critical region gene 12 (non-protein coding)

DGCR14 Gene

DiGeorge syndrome critical region gene 14

This gene is located within the minimal DGS critical region (MDGCR) thought to contain the gene(s) responsible for a group of developmental disorders. These disorders include DiGeorge syndrome, velocardiofacial syndrome, conotruncal anomaly face syndrome, and some familial or sporadic conotruncal cardiac defects which have been associated with microdeletion of 22q11.2. The encoded protein may be a component of C complex spliceosomes, and the orthologous protein in the mouse localizes to the nucleus. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

DSCR10 Gene

Down syndrome critical region 10 (non-protein coding)

GTS Gene

Gilles de la Tourette syndrome

DEL15Q24 Gene

Chromosome 15q24 deletion syndrome

RCHTS Gene

Roifman-Chitayat syndrome

C16DELQ22 Gene

Chromosome 16q22 deletion syndrome

TRPS1 Gene

trichorhinophalangeal syndrome I

This gene encodes a transcription factor that represses GATA-regulated genes and binds to a dynein light chain protein. Binding of the encoded protein to the dynein light chain protein affects binding to GATA consensus sequences and suppresses its transcriptional activity. Defects in this gene are a cause of tricho-rhino-phalangeal syndrome (TRPS) types I-III. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

DEL15Q13.3 Gene

Chromosome 15q13.3 microdeletion syndrome

DWS Gene

dandy-walker syndrome

DUP1Q21 Gene

Chromosome 1q21.1 duplication syndrome

WBS2 Gene

Williams-Beuren syndrome type 2

WBSCR2 Gene

Williams-Beuren syndrome chromosome region 2

LFS3 Gene

Li-Fraumeni syndrome 3

ATD Gene

asphixiating thoracic dystrophy (chondroectodermal dysplasia-like syndrome)

USH1H Gene

Usher syndrome 1H (autosomal recessive)

USH1C Gene

Usher syndrome 1C (autosomal recessive, severe)

This gene encodes a scaffold protein that functions in the assembly of Usher protein complexes. The protein contains PDZ domains, a coiled-coil region with a bipartite nuclear localization signal and a PEST degradation sequence. Defects in this gene are the cause of Usher syndrome type 1C and non-syndromic sensorineural deafness autosomal recessive type 18. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2009]

USH1G Gene

Usher syndrome 1G (autosomal recessive)

This gene encodes a protein that contains three ankyrin domains, a class I PDZ-binding motif and a sterile alpha motif. The encoded protein interacts with harmonin, which is associated with Usher syndrome type 1C. This protein plays a role in the development and maintenance of the auditory and visual systems and functions in the cohesion of hair bundles formed by inner ear sensory cells. Mutations in this gene are associated with Usher syndrome type 1G (USH1G). Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2013]

USH1E Gene

Usher syndrome 1E (autosomal recessive, severe)

RSS Gene

Russell Silver syndrome

SCKL3 Gene

Seckel syndrome 3

WSN Gene

Waisman syndrome

RSCIS Gene

Radiation sensitivity/chromosome instability syndrome, autosomal dominant

DER22T8-22 Gene

Supernumerary der(22)t(8-22) syndrome

GUST Gene

Gustavson mental retardation syndrome (with microcephaly, optic

RLS3 Gene

Restless legs syndrome 3

RLS2 Gene

Restless legs syndrome 2

RLS1 Gene

Restless legs syndrome, susceptibility to

RLS7 Gene

Restless legs syndrome 7

RLS6 Gene

Restless legs syndrome, susceptibility to, 6

RLS5 Gene

Restless legs syndrome, susceptibility to, 5

RLS8 Gene

Restless legs syndrome, susceptibility to, 8

WASL Gene

Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome-like

This gene encodes a member of the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) protein family. Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome proteins share similar domain structure, and associate with a variety of signaling molecules to alter the actin cytoskeleton. The encoded protein is highly expressed in neural tissues, and interacts with several proteins involved in cytoskeletal organization, including cell division control protein 42 (CDC42) and the actin-related protein-2/3 (ARP2/3) complex. The encoded protein may be involved in the formation of long actin microspikes, and in neurite extension. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2013]

BBS9 Gene

Bardet-Biedl syndrome 9

This gene is downregulated by parathyroid hormone in osteoblastic cells, and therefore, is thought to be involved in parathyroid hormone action in bones. The exact function of this gene has not yet been determined. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

BBS1 Gene

Bardet-Biedl syndrome 1

Mutations in this gene have been observed in patients with the major form (type 1) of Bardet-Biedl syndrome. The encoded protein may play a role in eye, limb, cardiac and reproductive system development. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

BBS2 Gene

Bardet-Biedl syndrome 2

This gene is a member of the Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) gene family. Bardet-Biedl syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by severe pigmentary retinopathy, obesity, polydactyly, renal malformation and mental retardation. The proteins encoded by BBS gene family members are structurally diverse and the similar phenotypes exhibited by mutations in BBS gene family members is likely due to their shared roles in cilia formation and function. Many BBS proteins localize to the basal bodies, ciliary axonemes, and pericentriolar regions of cells. BBS proteins may also be involved in intracellular trafficking via microtubule-related transport. The protein encoded by this gene forms a multiprotein BBSome complex with seven other BBS proteins.[provided by RefSeq, Oct 2014]

BBS5 Gene

Bardet-Biedl syndrome 5

This gene encodes a protein that has been directly linked to Bardet-Biedl syndrome. The primary features of this syndrome include retinal dystrophy, obesity, polydactyly, renal abnormalities and learning disabilities. Experimentation in non-human eukaryotes suggests that this gene is expressed in ciliated cells and that it is required for the formation of cilia. Alternate transcriptional splice variants have been observed but have not been fully characterized. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

BBS4 Gene

Bardet-Biedl syndrome 4

This gene is a member of the Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) gene family. Bardet-Biedl syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by severe pigmentary retinopathy, obesity, polydactyly, renal malformation and mental retardation. The proteins encoded by BBS gene family members are structurally diverse. The similar phenotypes exhibited by mutations in BBS gene family members are likely due to the protein's shared roles in cilia formation and function. Many BBS proteins localize to the basal bodies, ciliary axonemes, and pericentriolar regions of cells. BBS proteins may also be involved in intracellular trafficking via microtubule-related transport. The protein encoded by this gene has sequence similarity to O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) transferases in plants and archaebacteria and in human forms a multi-protein "BBSome" complex with seven other BBS proteins. Alternative splice variants have been described but their predicted protein products have not been experimentally verified.[provided by RefSeq, Oct 2014]

BBS7 Gene

Bardet-Biedl syndrome 7

This gene encodes one of eight proteins that form the BBSome complex containing BBS1, BBS2, BBS4, BBS5, BBS7, BBS8, BBS9 and BBIP10. The BBSome complex is believed to recruit Rab8(GTP) to the primary cilium and promote ciliogenesis. The BBSome complex assembly is mediated by a complex composed of three chaperonin-like BBS proteins (BBS6, BBS10, and BBS12) and CCT/TRiC family chaperonins. Mutations in this gene are implicated in Bardet-Biedl syndrome, a genetic disorder whose symptoms include obesity, retinal degeneration, polydactyly and nephropathy; however, mutations in this gene and the BBS8 gene are thought to play a minor role and mutations in chaperonin-like BBS genes are found to be a major contributor to disease development in a multiethnic Bardet-Biedl syndrome patient population. Two transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been identified for this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Oct 2014]

NIPA2 Gene

non imprinted in Prader-Willi/Angelman syndrome 2

This gene encodes a possible magnesium transporter. This gene is located adjacent to the imprinted domain in the Prader-Willi syndrome deletion region of chromosome 15. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. Pseudogenes of this gene are found on chromosomes 3, 7 and 21.[provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

NIPA1 Gene

non imprinted in Prader-Willi/Angelman syndrome 1

This gene encodes a magnesium transporter that associates with early endosomes and the cell surface in a variety of neuronal and epithelial cells. This protein may play a role in nervous system development and maintenance. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. Mutations in this gene have been associated with autosomal dominant spastic paraplegia 6. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2008]

LOC100500719 Gene

Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome 1 pseudogene

ATPLS Gene

antiphospholipid syndrome, familial

DEL1P36 Gene

Chromosome 1p36 deletion syndrome

DURS1 Gene

Duane retraction syndrome 1

VWSM Gene

Van der Woude syndrome modifier

DSCAML1 Gene

Down syndrome cell adhesion molecule like 1

LOC653588 Gene

Sjogren syndrome antigen B (autoantigen La) pseudogene

GTSCR1 Gene

Gilles de la Tourette syndrome chromosome region, candidate 1 (non-protein coding)

DEL17Q21.31 Gene

Microdeletion 17q21.31 syndrome

NS2 Gene

Noonan syndrome 2

RLS4 Gene

Restless legs syndrome 4

DEL7Q11.23 Gene

Chromosome 7q11.23 deletion syndrome, distal, 1.2Mb

AOS Gene

Adams-Oliver syndrome

BBS10 Gene

Bardet-Biedl syndrome 10

This gene is a member of the Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) gene family. Bardet-Biedl syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by progressive retinal degeneration, obesity, polydactyly, renal malformation and mental retardation. The proteins encoded by BBS gene family members are structurally diverse and the similar phenotypes exhibited by mutations in BBS gene family members is likely due to their shared roles in cilia formation and function. Many BBS proteins localize to the basal bodies, ciliary axonemes, and pericentriolar regions of cells. BBS proteins may also be involved in intracellular trafficking via microtubule-related transport. The protein encoded by this gene is likely not a ciliary protein but rather has distant sequence homology to type II chaperonins. As a molecular chaperone, this protein may affect the folding or stability of other ciliary or basal body proteins. Inhibition of this protein's expression impairs ciliogenesis in preadipocytes. Mutations in this gene cause Bardet-Biedl syndrome type 10. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2010]

BBS12 Gene

Bardet-Biedl syndrome 12

The protein encoded by this gene is part of a complex that is involved in membrane trafficking. The encoded protein is a molecular chaperone that aids in protein folding upon ATP hydrolysis. This protein also plays a role in adipocyte differentiation. Defects in this gene are a cause of Bardet-Biedl syndrome type 12. Two transcript variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

CFSS Gene

craniofacioskeletal syndrome

SSNA1 Gene

Sjogren syndrome nuclear autoantigen 1

DUP17Q21.31 Gene

Chromosome 17q21.31 duplication syndrome

BOS2 Gene

Branchiootic syndrome 2

DEL19Q13.11 Gene

Chromosome 19q13.11 deletion syndrome

LOC100533757 Gene

Sjogren syndrome antigen B (autoantigen La) pseudogene

DEL10Q26 Gene

Chromosome 10q deletion syndrome

WBSCR16 Gene

Williams-Beuren syndrome chromosome region 16

This gene encodes a protein containing regulator of chromosome condensation 1-like repeats. The encoded protein may function as a guanine nucleotide exchange factor. This gene is located in a region of chromosome 7 that is deleted in Williams-Beuren syndrome, a multisystem developmental disorder. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2013]

OTDD Gene

Otodental dysplasia chromosome deletion syndrome

DEL17Q11.2 Gene

chromosome 17q11.2 deletion syndrome

DUP8Q22.1 Gene

Leri pleonosteosis chromosome duplication syndrome

DEL4Q21 Gene

Chromosome 4q21 deletion syndrome

DUP22Q13 Gene

Chromosome 22q13 duplication syndrome

DGCR6L Gene

DiGeorge syndrome critical region gene 6-like

This gene, the result of a duplication at this locus, is one of two functional genes encoding nearly identical proteins that have similar expression patterns. The product of this gene is a protein that shares homology with the Drosophila gonadal protein, expressed in gonadal tissues and germ cells, and with the human laminin gamma-1 chain that functions in cell attachment and migration. This gene is located in a region of chromosome 22 implicated in the DiGeorge syndrome, one facet of a broader collection of anomalies referred to as the CATCH 22 syndrome. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

BLM Gene

Bloom syndrome, RecQ helicase-like

The Bloom syndrome gene product is related to the RecQ subset of DExH box-containing DNA helicases and has both DNA-stimulated ATPase and ATP-dependent DNA helicase activities. Mutations causing Bloom syndrome delete or alter helicase motifs and may disable the 3'-5' helicase activity. The normal protein may act to suppress inappropriate recombination. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

WTRS Gene

Wittwer syndrome

DEL17P13.1 Gene

Chromosome 17p13.1 deletion syndrome

KTWS Gene

Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber syndrome

DEL11P15P14 Gene

Chromosome 11p15-p14 deletion syndrome

DEL1Q21 Gene

Chromosome 1q21.1 deletion syndrome

DEL8Q12Q21 Gene

Bor-Duane hydrocephalus contiguous gene syndrome

SLSN3 Gene

Senior-Loken syndrome 3

BZX Gene

Bazex syndrome

ARVCF Gene

armadillo repeat gene deleted in velocardiofacial syndrome

Armadillo Repeat gene deleted in Velo-Cardio-Facial syndrome (ARVCF) is a member of the catenin family. This family plays an important role in the formation of adherens junction complexes, which are thought to facilitate communication between the inside and outside environments of a cell. The ARVCF gene was isolated in the search for the genetic defect responsible for the autosomal dominant Velo-Cardio-Facial syndrome (VCFS), a relatively common human disorder with phenotypic features including cleft palate, conotruncal heart defects and facial dysmorphology. The ARVCF gene encodes a protein containing two motifs, a coiled coil domain in the N-terminus and a 10 armadillo repeat sequence in the midregion. Since these sequences can facilitate protein-protein interactions ARVCF is thought to function in a protein complex. In addition, ARVCF contains a predicted nuclear-targeting sequence suggesting that it may have a function as a nuclear protein. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2010]

HPS5 Gene

Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome 5

This gene encodes a protein that may play a role in organelle biogenesis associated with melanosomes, platelet dense granules, and lysosomes. This protein interacts with Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome 6 protein and may interact with the cytoplasmic domain of integrin, alpha-3. Mutations in this gene are associated with Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome type 5. Multiple transcript variants encoding two distinct isoforms have been identified for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

HPS4 Gene

Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome 4

This gene encodes a protein component of biogenesis of lysosome-related organelles complexes (BLOC). BLOC complexes are important for the formation of endosomal-lysosomal organelles such as melanosomes and platelet dense granules. Mutations in this gene result in subtype 4 of Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome, a form of albinism. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2012]

HPS6 Gene

Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome 6

This intronless gene encodes a protein that may play a role in organelle biogenesis associated with melanosomes, platelet dense granules, and lysosomes. This protein interacts with Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome 5 protein. Mutations in this gene are associated with Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome type 6. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

HPS1 Gene

Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome 1

This gene encodes a protein that may play a role in organelle biogenesis associated with melanosomes, platelet dense granules, and lysosomes. The encoded protein is a component of three different protein complexes termed biogenesis of lysosome-related organelles complex (BLOC)-3, BLOC4, and BLOC5. Mutations in this gene are associated with Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome type 1. Multiple transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been identified for this gene; the full-length sequences of some of these have not been determined yet. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

HPS3 Gene

Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome 3

This gene encodes a protein containing a potential clathrin-binding motif, consensus dileucine signals, and tyrosine-based sorting signals for targeting to vesicles of lysosomal lineage. The encoded protein may play a role in organelle biogenesis associated with melanosomes, platelet dense granules, and lysosomes. Mutations in this gene are associated with Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome type 3. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2015]

LCS1 Gene

lymphedema-cholestasis syndrome 1

CPHL1P Gene

ceruloplasmin and hephaestin-like 1 pseudogene

CRTAM Gene

cytotoxic and regulatory T cell molecule

The CRTAM gene is upregulated in CD4 (see MIM 186940)-positive and CD8 (see CD8A; MIM 186910)-positive T cells and encodes a type I transmembrane protein with V and C1-like Ig domains (Yeh et al., 2008 [PubMed 18329370]).[supplied by OMIM, Feb 2009]

LOC100420707 Gene

DDB1 and CUL4 associated factor 6 pseudogene

OPA3 Gene

optic atrophy 3 (autosomal recessive, with chorea and spastic paraplegia)

The mouse ortholog of this protein co-purifies with the mitochondrial inner membrane. Mutations in this gene have been shown to result in 3-methylglutaconic aciduria type III and autosomal dominant optic atrophy and cataract. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]

AAGAB Gene

alpha- and gamma-adaptin binding protein

The protein encoded by this gene interacts with the gamma-adaptin and alpha-adaptin subunits of complexes involved in clathrin-coated vesicle trafficking. Mutations in this gene are associated with type I punctate palmoplantar keratoderma. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2012]

PHACTR4 Gene

phosphatase and actin regulator 4

This gene encodes a member of the phosphatase and actin regulator (PHACTR) family. Other PHACTR family members have been shown to inhibit protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) activity, and the homolog of this gene in the mouse has been shown to interact with actin and PP1. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PHACTR1 Gene

phosphatase and actin regulator 1

PHACTR3 Gene

phosphatase and actin regulator 3

This gene encodes a member of the phosphatase and actin regulator protein family. The encoded protein is associated with the nuclear scaffold in proliferating cells, and binds to actin and the catalytic subunit of protein phosphatase-1, suggesting that it functions as a regulatory subunit of protein phosphatase-1. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2013]

PHACTR2 Gene

phosphatase and actin regulator 2

ERGIC2 Gene

ERGIC and golgi 2

ERGIC2, or PTX1, is a ubiquitously expressed nuclear protein that is downregulated in prostate carcinoma (Kwok et al., 2001 [PubMed 11445006]).[supplied by OMIM, Aug 2008]

ERGIC3 Gene

ERGIC and golgi 3

FBXL14 Gene

F-box and leucine-rich repeat protein 14

Members of the F-box protein family, such as FBXL14, are characterized by an approximately 40-amino acid F-box motif. SCF complexes, formed by SKP1 (MIM 601434), cullin (see CUL1; MIM 603134), and F-box proteins, act as protein-ubiquitin ligases. F-box proteins interact with SKP1 through the F box, and they interact with ubiquitination targets through other protein interaction domains (Jin et al., 2004 [PubMed 15520277]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

FBXL19 Gene

F-box and leucine-rich repeat protein 19

This gene encodes a member of the Skp1-Cullin-F-box family of E3 ubiquitin ligases. The encoded protein is reported to bind to the transmembrane receptor interleukin 1 receptor-like 1 and regulate its ubiquitination and degradation. This protein has been linked to the regulation of pulmonary inflammation and psoriasis. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2013]

MZB1 Gene

marginal zone B and B1 cell-specific protein

LOC102724971 Gene

putative V-set and immunoglobulin domain-containing-like protein IGHV4OR15-8

HN1 Gene

hematological and neurological expressed 1

LOC101060086 Gene

cell cycle exit and neuronal differentiation protein 1-like

DLEC1 Gene

deleted in lung and esophageal cancer 1

This gene contains 37 exons, spans approximately 59-kb, and is located in the 3p22-p21.3 chromosomal segment that is commonly deleted in various carcinomas. Several alternatively spliced transcripts have been observed that contain disrupted coding regions and likely encode nonfunctional proteins. Aberrant transcription of this gene may be involved in carcinogenesis of the lung, esophagus, and kidney. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

NACC2 Gene

NACC family member 2, BEN and BTB (POZ) domain containing

NACC1 Gene

nucleus accumbens associated 1, BEN and BTB (POZ) domain containing

This gene encodes a member of the BTB/POZ protein family. BTB/POZ proteins are involved in several cellular processes including proliferation, apoptosis and transcription regulation. The encoded protein is a transcriptional repressor that plays a role in stem cell self-renewal and pluripotency maintenance. The encoded protein also suppresses transcription of the candidate tumor suppressor Gadd45GIP1, and expression of this gene may play a role in the progression of multiple types of cancer. A pseudogene of this gene is located on the short arm of chromosome 9. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2012]

SBSPON Gene

somatomedin B and thrombospondin, type 1 domain containing

WASIR1 Gene

WASH and IL9R antisense RNA 1

WASIR2 Gene

WASH and IL9R antisense RNA 2

ANKFY1 Gene

ankyrin repeat and FYVE domain containing 1

This gene encodes a cytoplasmic protein that contains a coiled-coil structure and a BTB/POZ domain at its N-terminus, ankyrin repeats in the middle portion, and a FYVE-finger motif at its C-terminus. This protein belongs to a subgroup of double zinc finger proteins which may be involved in vesicle or protein transport. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants of this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2012]

OBSCN Gene

obscurin, cytoskeletal calmodulin and titin-interacting RhoGEF

The obscurin gene spans more than 150 kb, contains over 80 exons and encodes a protein of approximately 720 kDa. The encoded protein contains 68 Ig domains, 2 fibronectin domains, 1 calcium/calmodulin-binding domain, 1 RhoGEF domain with an associated PH domain, and 2 serine-threonine kinase domains. This protein belongs to the family of giant sacromeric signaling proteins that includes titin and nebulin, and may have a role in the organization of myofibrils during assembly and may mediate interactions between the sarcoplasmic reticulum and myofibrils. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SORBS1 Gene

sorbin and SH3 domain containing 1

This gene encodes a CBL-associated protein which functions in the signaling and stimulation of insulin. Mutations in this gene may be associated with human disorders of insulin resistance. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2014]

SORBS3 Gene

sorbin and SH3 domain containing 3

This gene encodes an SH3 domain-containing adaptor protein. The presence of SH3 domains play a role in this protein's ability to bind other cytoplasmic molecules and contribute to cystoskeletal organization, cell adhesion and migration, signaling, and gene expression. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2011]

SORBS2 Gene

sorbin and SH3 domain containing 2

Arg and c-Abl represent the mammalian members of the Abelson family of non-receptor protein-tyrosine kinases. They interact with the Arg/Abl binding proteins via the SH3 domains present in the carboxy end of the latter group of proteins. This gene encodes the sorbin and SH3 domain containing 2 protein. It has three C-terminal SH3 domains and an N-terminal sorbin homology (SoHo) domain that interacts with lipid raft proteins. The subcellular localization of this protein in epithelial and cardiac muscle cells suggests that it functions as an adapter protein to assemble signaling complexes in stress fibers, and that it is a potential link between Abl family kinases and the actin cytoskeleton. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

ZSCAN5CP Gene

zinc finger and SCAN domain containing 5C, pseudogene

CEND1 Gene

cell cycle exit and neuronal differentiation 1

The protein encoded by this gene is a neuron-specific protein. The similar protein in pig enhances neuroblastoma cell differentiation in vitro and may be involved in neuronal differentiation in vivo. Multiple pseudogenes have been reported for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

ZBTB7A Gene

zinc finger and BTB domain containing 7A

ZBTB7C Gene

zinc finger and BTB domain containing 7C

ZBTB7B Gene

zinc finger and BTB domain containing 7B

This gene encodes a zinc finger-containing transcription factor that acts as a key regulator of lineage commitment of immature T-cell precursors. It is necessary and sufficient for commitment of CD4 lineage, while its absence causes CD8 commitment. It also functions as a transcriptional repressor of type I collagen genes. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2012]

SMAN1 Gene

survival of motor and autonomic neurons 1

ANKS1B Gene

ankyrin repeat and sterile alpha motif domain containing 1B

This gene encodes a multi-domain protein that is predominantly expressed in brain and testis. This protein interacts with amyloid beta protein precursor (AbetaPP) and may have a role in normal brain development, and in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. Expression of this gene has been shown to be elevated in patients with pre-B cell acute lymphocytic leukemia associated with t(1;19) translocation. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms (some with different subcellular localization, PMID:15004329) have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2011]

ANKS1A Gene

ankyrin repeat and sterile alpha motif domain containing 1A

OPALIN Gene

oligodendrocytic myelin paranodal and inner loop protein

SHANK3 Gene

SH3 and multiple ankyrin repeat domains 3

This gene is a member of the Shank gene family. Shank proteins are multidomain scaffold proteins of the postsynaptic density that connect neurotransmitter receptors, ion channels, and other membrane proteins to the actin cytoskeleton and G-protein-coupled signaling pathways. Shank proteins also play a role in synapse formation and dendritic spine maturation. Mutations in this gene are a cause of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), which is characterized by impairments in social interaction and communication, and restricted behavioral patterns and interests. Mutations in this gene also cause schizophrenia type 15, and are a major causative factor in the neurological symptoms of 22q13.3 deletion syndrome, which is also known as Phelan-McDermid syndrome. Additional isoforms have been described for this gene but they have not yet been experimentally verified. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2012]

SHANK2 Gene

SH3 and multiple ankyrin repeat domains 2

This gene encodes a protein that is a member of the Shank family of synaptic proteins that may function as molecular scaffolds in the postsynaptic density of excitatory synapses. Shank proteins contain multiple domains for protein-protein interaction, including ankyrin repeats, and an SH3 domain. This particular family member contains a PDZ domain, a consensus sequence for cortactin SH3 domain-binding peptides and a sterile alpha motif. The alternative splicing demonstrated in Shank genes has been suggested as a mechanism for regulating the molecular structure of Shank and the spectrum of Shank-interacting proteins in the postsynaptic densities of the adult and developing brain. Alterations in the encoded protein may be associated with susceptibility to autism spectrum disorder. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2014]

SHANK1 Gene

SH3 and multiple ankyrin repeat domains 1

SAMSN1 Gene

SAM domain, SH3 domain and nuclear localization signals 1

SAMSN1 is a member of a novel gene family of putative adaptors and scaffold proteins containing SH3 and SAM (sterile alpha motif) domains (Claudio et al., 2001 [PubMed 11536050]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

LOC100421259 Gene

zinc finger and BTB domain containing 14 pseudogene

SKA1 Gene

spindle and kinetochore associated complex subunit 1

SKA3 Gene

spindle and kinetochore associated complex subunit 3

This gene encodes a component of the spindle and kinetochore-associated protein complex that regulates microtubule attachment to the kinetochores during mitosis. The encoded protein localizes to the outer kinetechore and may be required for normal chromosome segregation and cell division. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]

SKA2 Gene

spindle and kinetochore associated complex subunit 2

HN1L Gene

hematological and neurological expressed 1-like

CDADC1 Gene

cytidine and dCMP deaminase domain containing 1

LOC100420832 Gene

cysteine and glycine-rich protein 2 pseudogene

NUCKS1 Gene

nuclear casein kinase and cyclin-dependent kinase substrate 1

This gene encodes a nuclear protein that is highly conserved in vertebrates. The conserved regions of the protein contain several consensus phosphorylation sites for casein kinase II and cyclin-dependent kinases, two putative nuclear localization signals, and a basic DNA-binding domain. It is phosphorylated in vivo by Cdk1 during mitosis of the cell cycle. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2010]

RIN1 Gene

Ras and Rab interactor 1

RIN3 Gene

Ras and Rab interactor 3

RIN3 is a member of the RIN family of Ras interaction-interference proteins, which are binding partners to the RAB5 small GTPases (see RAB5A; MIM 179512) (Kajiho et al., 2003 [PubMed 12972505]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

RIN2 Gene

Ras and Rab interactor 2

The RAB5 protein is a small GTPase involved in membrane trafficking in the early endocytic pathway. The protein encoded by this gene binds the GTP-bound form of the RAB5 protein preferentially over the GDP-bound form, and functions as a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for RAB5. The encoded protein is found primarily as a tetramer in the cytoplasm and does not bind other members of the RAB family. Mutations in this gene cause macrocephaly alopecia cutis laxa and scoliosis (MACS) syndrome, an elastic tissue disorder, as well as the related connective tissue disorder, RIN2 syndrome. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2011]

LOC340268 Gene

C3 and PZP-like, alpha-2-macroglobulin domain containing 8 pseudogene

LOC102724726 Gene

coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor-like

TMUB1 Gene

transmembrane and ubiquitin-like domain containing 1

TMUB2 Gene

transmembrane and ubiquitin-like domain containing 2

RNGTT Gene

RNA guanylyltransferase and 5'-phosphatase

PDX1 Gene

pancreatic and duodenal homeobox 1

The protein encoded by this gene is a transcriptional activator of several genes, including insulin, somatostatin, glucokinase, islet amyloid polypeptide, and glucose transporter type 2. The encoded nuclear protein is involved in the early development of the pancreas and plays a major role in glucose-dependent regulation of insulin gene expression. Defects in this gene are a cause of pancreatic agenesis, which can lead to early-onset insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), as well as maturity onset diabetes of the young type 4 (MODY4). [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PAQR9 Gene

progestin and adipoQ receptor family member IX

EFCC1 Gene

EF-hand and coiled-coil domain containing 1

SMU1 Gene

smu-1 suppressor of mec-8 and unc-52 homolog (C. elegans)

RFWD2P1 Gene

ring finger and WD repeat domain 2, E3 ubiquitin protein ligase pseudogene 1

ANKDD1A Gene

ankyrin repeat and death domain containing 1A

ANKDD1B Gene

ankyrin repeat and death domain containing 1B

NMI Gene

N-myc (and STAT) interactor

NMYC interactor (NMI) encodes a protein that interacts with NMYC and CMYC (two members of the oncogene Myc family), and other transcription factors containing a Zip, HLH, or HLH-Zip motif. The NMI protein also interacts with all STATs except STAT2 and augments STAT-mediated transcription in response to cytokines IL2 and IFN-gamma. The NMI mRNA has low expression levels in all human fetal and adult tissues tested except brain and has high expression in cancer cell line-myeloid leukemias. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC101060089 Gene

cleavage and polyadenylation specificity factor subunit 5-like

CFAP126 Gene

cilia and flagella associated protein 126

RFFL Gene

ring finger and FYVE-like domain containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase

CPSF3L Gene

cleavage and polyadenylation specific factor 3-like

The Integrator complex contains at least 12 subunits and associates with the C-terminal domain of RNA polymerase II large subunit (POLR2A; MIM 180660) and mediates the 3-prime end processing of small nuclear RNAs U1 (RNU1; MIM 180680) and U2 (RNU2; MIM 180690). INTS11, or CPSF3L, is the catalytic subunit of the Integrator complex (Baillat et al., 2005 [PubMed 16239144]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

CALCOCO1 Gene

calcium binding and coiled-coil domain 1

CALCOCO2 Gene

calcium binding and coiled-coil domain 2

This gene encodes a coiled-coil domain-containing protein. The encoded protein functions as a receptor for ubiquitin-coated bacteria and plays an important role in innate immunity by mediating macroautophagy. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2012]

FSD1L Gene

fibronectin type III and SPRY domain containing 1-like

DDA1 Gene

DET1 and DDB1 associated 1

HAND2 Gene

heart and neural crest derivatives expressed 2

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the basic helix-loop-helix family of transcription factors. This gene product is one of two closely related family members, the HAND proteins, which are asymmetrically expressed in the developing ventricular chambers and play an essential role in cardiac morphogenesis. Working in a complementary fashion, they function in the formation of the right ventricle and aortic arch arteries, implicating them as mediators of congenital heart disease. In addition, this transcription factor plays an important role in limb and branchial arch development. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

FCHSD1 Gene

FCH and double SH3 domains 1

FCHSD2 Gene

FCH and double SH3 domains 2

CXADRP3 Gene

coxsackie virus and adenovirus receptor pseudogene 3

TPTE2 Gene

transmembrane phosphoinositide 3-phosphatase and tensin homolog 2

TPIP is a member of a large class of membrane-associated phosphatases with substrate specificity for the 3-position phosphate of inositol phospholipids.[supplied by OMIM, Jul 2002]

TMCC1P1 Gene

transmembrane and coiled-coil domain family 1 pseudogene 1

RLTPR Gene

RGD motif, leucine rich repeats, tropomodulin domain and proline-rich containing

TMTC2 Gene

transmembrane and tetratricopeptide repeat containing 2

DMRT1 Gene

doublesex and mab-3 related transcription factor 1

This gene is found in a cluster with two other members of the gene family, having in common a zinc finger-like DNA-binding motif (DM domain). The DM domain is an ancient, conserved component of the vertebrate sex-determining pathway that is also a key regulator of male development in flies and nematodes. This gene exhibits a gonad-specific and sexually dimorphic expression pattern. Defective testicular development and XY feminization occur when this gene is hemizygous. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

DMRT2 Gene

doublesex and mab-3 related transcription factor 2

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the DMRT gene family, sharing a DM DNA-binding domain with Drosophila 'doublesex' (dsx) and C. elegans mab3, genes involved in sex determination in these organisms. Also, this gene is located in a region of the human genome (chromosome 9p24.3) associated with gonadal dysgenesis and XY sex reversal. Hence this gene is one of the candidates for sex-determining gene(s) on chr 9. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2010]

DMRT3 Gene

doublesex and mab-3 related transcription factor 3

CRADD Gene

CASP2 and RIPK1 domain containing adaptor with death domain

The protein encoded by this gene is a death domain (CARD/DD)-containing protein and has been shown to induce cell apoptosis. Through its CARD domain, this protein interacts with, and thus recruits, caspase 2/ICH1 to the cell death signal transduction complex that includes tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1A), RIPK1/RIP kinase, and numbers of other CARD domain-containing proteins. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

HPPD Gene

Hypertelorism, preauricular sinus, punctal pits, and deafness

AGAP1 Gene

ArfGAP with GTPase domain, ankyrin repeat and PH domain 1

This gene encodes a member of an ADP-ribosylation factor GTPase-activating protein family involved in membrane trafficking and cytoskeleton dynamics. This gene functions as a direct regulator of the adaptor-related protein complex 3 on endosomes. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2011]

AGAP2 Gene

ArfGAP with GTPase domain, ankyrin repeat and PH domain 2

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the centaurin gamma-like family. It mediates anti-apoptotic effects of nerve growth factor by activating nuclear phosphoinositide 3-kinase. It is overexpressed in cancer cells, and promotes cancer cell invasion. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2011]

AGAP3 Gene

ArfGAP with GTPase domain, ankyrin repeat and PH domain 3

AGAP4 Gene

ArfGAP with GTPase domain, ankyrin repeat and PH domain 4

AGAP5 Gene

ArfGAP with GTPase domain, ankyrin repeat and PH domain 5

AGAP6 Gene

ArfGAP with GTPase domain, ankyrin repeat and PH domain 6

AGAP9 Gene

ArfGAP with GTPase domain, ankyrin repeat and PH domain 9

DRAIC Gene

downregulated RNA in cancer, inhibitor of cell invasion and migration

HACE1 Gene

HECT domain and ankyrin repeat containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 1

RUSC2 Gene

RUN and SH3 domain containing 2

This gene encodes a RUN and SH3 domain containing protein that interacts with Rab1b and Rab1-binding protein GM130. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2012]

RUSC1 Gene

RUN and SH3 domain containing 1

LZIC Gene

leucine zipper and CTNNBIP1 domain containing

KBTBD7 Gene

kelch repeat and BTB (POZ) domain containing 7

KBTBD4 Gene

kelch repeat and BTB (POZ) domain containing 4

KBTBD3 Gene

kelch repeat and BTB (POZ) domain containing 3

KBTBD2 Gene

kelch repeat and BTB (POZ) domain containing 2

KBTBD8 Gene

kelch repeat and BTB (POZ) domain containing 8

LOC126860 Gene

ArfGAP with GTPase domain, ankyrin repeat and PH domain 1 pseudogene

TICRR Gene

TOPBP1-interacting checkpoint and replication regulator

Treslin is involved in the initiation of DNA replication (Kumagai et al., 2010 [PubMed 20116089]).[supplied by OMIM, Apr 2010]

BROX Gene

BRO1 domain and CAAX motif containing

ITGB2 Gene

integrin, beta 2 (complement component 3 receptor 3 and 4 subunit)

This gene encodes an integrin beta chain, which combines with multiple different alpha chains to form different integrin heterodimers. Integrins are integral cell-surface proteins that participate in cell adhesion as well as cell-surface mediated signalling. The encoded protein plays an important role in immune response and defects in this gene cause leukocyte adhesion deficiency. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2014]

CFAP69 Gene

cilia and flagella associated protein 69

CFAP61 Gene

cilia and flagella associated protein 61

ZAK Gene

sterile alpha motif and leucine zipper containing kinase AZK

This gene is a member of the MAPKKK family of signal transduction molecules and encodes a protein with an N-terminal kinase catalytic domain, followed by a leucine zipper motif and a sterile-alpha motif (SAM). This magnesium-binding protein forms homodimers and is located in the cytoplasm. The protein mediates gamma radiation signaling leading to cell cycle arrest and activity of this protein plays a role in cell cycle checkpoint regulation in cells. The protein also has pro-apoptotic activity. Alternate transcriptional splice variants, encoding different isoforms, have been characterized. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

VSTM5 Gene

V-set and transmembrane domain containing 5

VSTM4 Gene

V-set and transmembrane domain containing 4

VSTM1 Gene

V-set and transmembrane domain containing 1

GADD45A Gene

growth arrest and DNA-damage-inducible, alpha

This gene is a member of a group of genes whose transcript levels are increased following stressful growth arrest conditions and treatment with DNA-damaging agents. The protein encoded by this gene responds to environmental stresses by mediating activation of the p38/JNK pathway via MTK1/MEKK4 kinase. The DNA damage-induced transcription of this gene is mediated by both p53-dependent and -independent mechanisms. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been found for this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Dec 2010]

GADD45B Gene

growth arrest and DNA-damage-inducible, beta

This gene is a member of a group of genes whose transcript levels are increased following stressful growth arrest conditions and treatment with DNA-damaging agents. The genes in this group respond to environmental stresses by mediating activation of the p38/JNK pathway. This activation is mediated via their proteins binding and activating MTK1/MEKK4 kinase, which is an upstream activator of both p38 and JNK MAPKs. The function of these genes or their protein products is involved in the regulation of growth and apoptosis. These genes are regulated by different mechanisms, but they are often coordinately expressed and can function cooperatively in inhibiting cell growth. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GADD45G Gene

growth arrest and DNA-damage-inducible, gamma

This gene is a member of a group of genes whose transcript levels are increased following stressful growth arrest conditions and treatment with DNA-damaging agents. The protein encoded by this gene responds to environmental stresses by mediating activation of the p38/JNK pathway via MTK1/MEKK4 kinase. The GADD45G is highly expressed in placenta. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

ZBTB45P2 Gene

zinc finger and BTB domain containing 45 pseudogene 2

ZBTB45P1 Gene

zinc finger and BTB domain containing 45 pseudogene 1

HERC1 Gene

HECT and RLD domain containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase family member 1

This gen encodes a member of the HERC protein family. This protein stimulates guanine nucleotide exchange on ARF1 and Rab proteins. This protein may be involved in membrane transport processes. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2012]

HERC3 Gene

HECT and RLD domain containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 3

This gene encodes a member the HERC ubiquitin ligase family. The encoded protein is located in the cytosol and binds ubiquitin via a HECT domain. Mutations in this gene have been associated with colorectal and gastric carcinomas. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2012]

HERC2 Gene

HECT and RLD domain containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 2

This gene belongs to the HERC gene family that encodes a group of unusually large proteins, which contain multiple structural domains. All members have at least 1 copy of an N-terminal region showing homology to the cell cycle regulator RCC1 and a C-terminal HECT (homologous to E6-AP C terminus) domain found in a number of E3 ubiquitin protein ligases. Genetic variations in this gene are associated with skin/hair/eye pigmentation variability. Multiple pseudogenes of this gene are located on chromosomes 15 and 16. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2012]

HERC5 Gene

HECT and RLD domain containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 5

This gene is a member of the HERC family of ubiquitin ligases and encodes a protein with a HECT domain and five RCC1 repeats. Pro-inflammatory cytokines upregulate expression of this gene in endothelial cells. The protein localizes to the cytoplasm and perinuclear region and functions as an interferon-induced E3 protein ligase that mediates ISGylation of protein targets. The gene lies in a cluster of HERC family genes on chromosome 4. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

HERC4 Gene

HECT and RLD domain containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 4

HERC4 belongs to the HERC family of ubiquitin ligases, all of which contain a HECT domain and at least 1 RCC1 (MIM 179710)-like domain (RLD). The 350-amino acid HECT domain is predicted to catalyze the formation of a thioester with ubiquitin before transferring it to a substrate, and the RLD is predicted to act as a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for small G proteins (Hochrainer et al., 2005 [PubMed 15676274]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

HERC6 Gene

HECT and RLD domain containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase family member 6

HERC6 belongs to the HERC family of ubiquitin ligases, all of which contain a HECT domain and at least 1 RCC1 (MIM 179710)-like domain (RLD). The 350-amino acid HECT domain is predicted to catalyze the formation of a thioester with ubiquitin before transferring it to a substrate, and the RLD is predicted to act as a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for small G proteins (Hochrainer et al., 2005 [PubMed 15676274]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

AGGF1P10 Gene

angiogenic factor with G patch and FHA domains 1 pseudogene 10

FANK1 Gene

fibronectin type III and ankyrin repeat domains 1

ANKMY1 Gene

ankyrin repeat and MYND domain containing 1

ANKMY2 Gene

ankyrin repeat and MYND domain containing 2

LOC101060637 Gene

nuclear ubiquitous casein and cyclin-dependent kinase substrate 1-like

AARD Gene

alanine and arginine rich domain containing protein

LOC100422352 Gene

transmembrane and tetratricopeptide repeat containing 1 pseudogene

RSF1 Gene

remodeling and spacing factor 1

This gene encodes a nuclear protein that interacts with hepatitis B virus X protein (HBX) and facilitates transcription of hepatitis B virus genes by the HBX transcription activator, suggesting a role for this interaction in the virus life cycle. This protein also interacts with SNF2H protein to form the RSF chromatin-remodeling complex, where the SNF2H subunit functions as the nucleosome-dependent ATPase, and this protein as the histone chaperone. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2011]

LOC100130044 Gene

cilia and flagella associated protein 69 pseudogene

CFAP47 Gene

cilia and flagella associated protein 47

While this gene is well-supported by transcript data, no functional information on its protein product is currently available. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2009]

CFAP44 Gene

cilia and flagella associated protein 44

FBXL20 Gene

F-box and leucine-rich repeat protein 20

Members of the F-box protein family, such as FBXL20, are characterized by an approximately 40-amino acid F-box motif. SCF complexes, formed by SKP1 (MIM 601434), cullin (see CUL1; MIM 603134), and F-box proteins, act as protein-ubiquitin ligases. F-box proteins interact with SKP1 through the F box, and they interact with ubiquitination targets through other protein interaction domains (Jin et al., 2004 [PubMed 15520277]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

FBXL21 Gene

F-box and leucine-rich repeat protein 21 (gene/pseudogene)

This gene encodes a member of the F-box protein family which is characterized by an approximately 40 amino acid motif, the F-box. The F-box proteins constitute one of the four subunits of ubiquitin protein ligase complex called SCFs (SKP1-cullin-F-box), which function in phosphorylation-dependent ubiquitination. The F-box proteins are divided into 3 classes: Fbws containing WD-40 domains, Fbls containing leucine-rich repeats, and Fbxs containing either different protein-protein interaction modules or no recognizable motifs. The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the Fbls class and, in addition to an F-box, contains 6 tandem leucine-rich repeats. The amino acid sequence of this protein is highly similar to that of f-box and leucine-rich repeat protein 3A. Comparisons of this gene to orthologous sequences suggest that it may be a pseudogene, and may no longer express a functional protein.[provided by RefSeq, Aug 2009]

FBXL22 Gene

F-box and leucine-rich repeat protein 22

This gene encodes a member of the F-box protein family. This F-box protein interacts with S-phase kinase-associated protein 1A and cullin in order to form SCF complexes which function as ubiquitin ligases.[provided by RefSeq, Sep 2010]

LOC100419763 Gene

zinc finger with KRAB and SCAN domains 8 pseudogene

CXADR Gene

coxsackie virus and adenovirus receptor

The protein encoded by this gene is a type I membrane receptor for group B coxsackieviruses and subgroup C adenoviruses. Several transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. Pseudogenes of this gene are found on chromosomes 15, 18, and 21. [provided by RefSeq, May 2011]

MNDEC Gene

Microtia with nasolacrimal duct imperforation and eye coloboma

INF2 Gene

inverted formin, FH2 and WH2 domain containing

This gene represents a member of the formin family of proteins. It is considered a diaphanous formin due to the presence of a diaphanous inhibitory domain located at the N-terminus of the encoded protein. Studies of a similar mouse protein indicate that the protein encoded by this locus may function in polymerization and depolymerization of actin filaments. Mutations at this locus have been associated with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis 5.[provided by RefSeq, Aug 2010]

PATE4 Gene

prostate and testis expressed 4

PHLPP1 Gene

PH domain and leucine rich repeat protein phosphatase 1

This gene encodes a member of the serine/threonine phosphatase family. The encoded protein promotes apoptosis by dephosphorylating and inactivating the serine/threonine kinase Akt, and functions as a tumor suppressor in multiple types of cancer. Increased expression of this gene may also play a role in obesity and type 2 diabetes by interfering with Akt-mediated insulin signaling. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2011]

DIS3 Gene

DIS3 exosome endoribonuclease and 3'-5' exoribonuclease

ANKS4B Gene

ankyrin repeat and sterile alpha motif domain containing 4B

SKA2P1 Gene

spindle and kinetochore associated complex subunit 2 pseudogene 1

IGSF6-DREV1 Gene

region containing immunoglobulin superfamily, member 6 and DREV1

SNED1 Gene

sushi, nidogen and EGF-like domains 1

TCEANC2 Gene

transcription elongation factor A (SII) N-terminal and central domain containing 2

GPKOW Gene

G patch domain and KOW motifs

This gene encodes a putative RNA-binding protein containing G-patch and KOW (Kyprides, Ouzounis, Woese) domains. The encoded protein interacts directly with protein kinase A and protein kinase X and is also found associated with the spliceosome. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2013]

CUZD1 Gene

CUB and zona pellucida-like domains 1

LOC100288437 Gene

ring finger and WD repeat domain 2, E3 ubiquitin protein ligase pseudogene

CCL18 Gene

chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 18 (pulmonary and activation-regulated)

This antimicrobial gene is one of several Cys-Cys (CC) cytokine genes clustered on the q arm of chromosome 17. Cytokines are a family of secreted proteins involved in immunoregulatory and inflammatory processes. The CC cytokines are proteins characterized by two adjacent cysteines. The cytokine encoded by this gene displays chemotactic activity for naive T cells, CD4+ and CD8+ T cells and nonactivated lymphocytes, but not for monocytes or granulocytes. This chemokine attracts naive T lymphocytes toward dendritic cells and activated macrophages in lymph nodes. It may play a role in both humoral and cell-mediated immunity responses. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2014]

STAT5B Gene

signal transducer and activator of transcription 5B

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the STAT family of transcription factors. In response to cytokines and growth factors, STAT family members are phosphorylated by the receptor associated kinases, and then form homo- or heterodimers that translocate to the cell nucleus where they act as transcription activators. This protein mediates the signal transduction triggered by various cell ligands, such as IL2, IL4, CSF1, and different growth hormones. It has been shown to be involved in diverse biological processes, such as TCR signaling, apoptosis, adult mammary gland development, and sexual dimorphism of liver gene expression. This gene was found to fuse to retinoic acid receptor-alpha (RARA) gene in a small subset of acute promyelocytic leukemias (APLL). The dysregulation of the signaling pathways mediated by this protein may be the cause of the APLL. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

STAT5A Gene

signal transducer and activator of transcription 5A

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the STAT family of transcription factors. In response to cytokines and growth factors, STAT family members are phosphorylated by the receptor associated kinases, and then form homo- or heterodimers that translocate to the cell nucleus where they act as transcription activators. This protein is activated by, and mediates the responses of many cell ligands, such as IL2, IL3, IL7 GM-CSF, erythropoietin, thrombopoietin, and different growth hormones. Activation of this protein in myeloma and lymphoma associated with a TEL/JAK2 gene fusion is independent of cell stimulus and has been shown to be essential for tumorigenesis. The mouse counterpart of this gene is found to induce the expression of BCL2L1/BCL-X(L), which suggests the antiapoptotic function of this gene in cells. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2013]

RASGRP2 Gene

RAS guanyl releasing protein 2 (calcium and DAG-regulated)

The protein encoded by this gene is a brain-enriched nucleotide exchanged factor that contains an N-terminal GEF domain, 2 tandem repeats of EF-hand calcium-binding motifs, and a C-terminal diacylglycerol/phorbol ester-binding domain. This protein can activate small GTPases, including RAS and RAP1/RAS3. The nucleotide exchange activity of this protein can be stimulated by calcium and diacylglycerol. Three alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

RASGRP3 Gene

RAS guanyl releasing protein 3 (calcium and DAG-regulated)

Members of the RAS (see HRAS; MIM 190020) subfamily of GTPases function in signal transduction as GTP/GDP-regulated switches that cycle between inactive GDP- and active GTP-bound states. Guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs), such as RASGRP3, serve as RAS activators by promoting acquisition of GTP to maintain the active GTP-bound state and are the key link between cell surface receptors and RAS activation (Rebhun et al., 2000 [PubMed 10934204]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

RASGRP1 Gene

RAS guanyl releasing protein 1 (calcium and DAG-regulated)

This gene is a member of a family of genes characterized by the presence of a Ras superfamily guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) domain. It functions as a diacylglycerol (DAG)-regulated nucleotide exchange factor specifically activating Ras through the exchange of bound GDP for GTP. It activates the Erk/MAP kinase cascade and regulates T-cells and B-cells development, homeostasis and differentiation. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified. Altered expression of the different isoforms of this protein may be a cause of susceptibility to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC100421197 Gene

zinc finger and BTB domain containing 10 pseudogene

LOC102723312 Gene

angiogenic factor with G patch and FHA domains 1 pseudogene

ANKFN1 Gene

ankyrin-repeat and fibronectin type III domain containing 1

POROK2 Gene

Porokeratosis, palmar, plantar, and disseminated 1

LIMCH1 Gene

LIM and calponin homology domains 1

BAHCC1 Gene

BAH domain and coiled-coil containing 1

WWC2 Gene

WW and C2 domain containing 2

MIEN1 Gene

migration and invasion enhancer 1

LOC100862682 Gene

nucleus accumbens associated 1, BEN and BTB (POZ) domain containing pseudogene

TMEFF1 Gene

transmembrane protein with EGF-like and two follistatin-like domains 1

TMEFF2 Gene

transmembrane protein with EGF-like and two follistatin-like domains 2

This gene encodes a member of the tomoregulin family of transmembrane proteins. This protein has been shown to function as both an oncogene and a tumor suppressor depending on the cellular context and may regulate prostate cancer cell invasion. Multiple soluble forms of this protein have been identified that arise from both an alternative splice variant and ectodomain shedding. Additionally, this gene has been found to be hypermethylated in multiple cancer types. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2015]

PROSER1 Gene

proline and serine rich 1

This gene encodes a conserved protein containing proline and serine rich regions. These regions may be important in protein-protein interactions. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2012]

PROSER2 Gene

proline and serine rich 2

PROSER3 Gene

proline and serine rich 3

SARM1 Gene

sterile alpha and TIR motif containing 1

CVMRF Gene

cubitus valgus with mental retardation and unusual facies

PRIMPOL Gene

primase and polymerase (DNA-directed)

EGFEM1P Gene

EGF-like and EMI domain containing 1, pseudogene

LIMS3L Gene

LIM and senescent cell antigen-like domains 3-like

LOC100419574 Gene

HECT and RLD domain containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 2 pseudogene

SIGIRR Gene

single immunoglobulin and toll-interleukin 1 receptor (TIR) domain

ELMSAN1 Gene

ELM2 and Myb/SANT-like domain containing 1

AGGF1 Gene

angiogenic factor with G patch and FHA domains 1

This gene encodes an angiogenic factor that promotes proliferation of endothelial cells. Mutations in this gene are associated with a susceptibility to Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome. Pseudogenes of this gene are found on chromosomes 3, 4, 10 and 16.[provided by RefSeq, Sep 2010]

SLC47A2 Gene

solute carrier family 47 (multidrug and toxin extrusion), member 2

This gene encodes a protein belonging to a family of transporters involved in excretion of toxic electrolytes, both endogenous and exogenous, through urine and bile. This transporter family shares homology with the bacterial MATE (multidrug and toxin extrusion) protein family responsible for drug resistance. This gene is one of two members of the MATE transporter family located near each other on chromosome 17. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SLC47A1 Gene

solute carrier family 47 (multidrug and toxin extrusion), member 1

This gene is located within the Smith-Magenis syndrome region on chromosome 17. It encodes a protein of unknown function. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC100130466 Gene

nuclear ubiquitous casein and cyclin-dependent kinase substrate 1-like

ABTB1 Gene

ankyrin repeat and BTB (POZ) domain containing 1

This gene encodes a protein with an ankyrin repeat region and two BTB/POZ domains, which are thought to be involved in protein-protein interactions. Expression of this gene is activated by the phosphatase and tensin homolog, a tumor suppressor. Alternate splicing results in three transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2010]

ABTB2 Gene

ankyrin repeat and BTB (POZ) domain containing 2

DCAF7 Gene

DDB1 and CUL4 associated factor 7

This gene encodes a protein with multiple WD40 repeats which facilitate protein-protein interactions and thereby enable the assembly of multiprotein complexes. This protein has been shown to function as a scaffold protein for protein complexes involved in kinase signaling. This highly conserved gene is present in eukaryotic plants, fungi, and animals. The ortholog of this gene was first identified in plants as a key regulator of anthocyanin biosynthesis and flower pigmentation. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2014]

DCAF6 Gene

DDB1 and CUL4 associated factor 6

DCAF5 Gene

DDB1 and CUL4 associated factor 5