Name

DND1P2 Gene

dead end homolog 1 pseudogene 2

AGER Gene

advanced glycosylation end product-specific receptor

The advanced glycosylation end product (AGE) receptor encoded by this gene is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily of cell surface receptors. It is a multiligand receptor, and besides AGE, interacts with other molecules implicated in homeostasis, development, and inflammation, and certain diseases, such as diabetes and Alzheimer's disease. Many alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms, as well as non-protein-coding variants, have been described for this gene (PMID:18089847). [provided by RefSeq, May 2011]

DND1P1 Gene

dead end homolog 1 pseudogene 1

NHEJ1 Gene

nonhomologous end-joining factor 1

Double-strand breaks in DNA result from genotoxic stresses and are among the most damaging of DNA lesions. This gene encodes a DNA repair factor essential for the nonhomologous end-joining pathway, which preferentially mediates repair of double-stranded breaks. Mutations in this gene cause different kinds of severe combined immunodeficiency disorders. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PRELP Gene

proline/arginine-rich end leucine-rich repeat protein

The protein encoded by this gene is a leucine-rich repeat protein present in connective tissue extracellular matrix. This protein functions as a molecule anchoring basement membranes to the underlying connective tissue. This protein has been shown to bind type I collagen to basement membranes and type II collagen to cartilage. It also binds the basement membrane heparan sulfate proteoglycan perlecan. This protein is suggested to be involved in the pathogenesis of Hutchinson-Gilford progeria (HGP), which is reported to lack the binding of collagen in basement membranes and cartilage. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same protein have been observed. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC100294336 Gene

dead end protein homolog 1 pseudogene

LOC100996745 Gene

dead end protein homolog 1 pseudogene

RHDNS1 Gene

Renal hypodysplasia, nonsyndromic, 1

PTCPRN Gene

Papillary thyroid carcinoma with papillary renal neoplasia

AABT Gene

Beta-amino acids, renal transport of

RFH1 Gene

Renal failure, progressive, with hypertension

GLYS1 Gene

glycosuria 1, renal

PRCC Gene

papillary renal cell carcinoma (translocation-associated)

This gene encodes a protein that may play a role in pre-mRNA splicing. Chromosomal translocations (X;1)(p11;q21) that result in fusion of this gene to TFE3 (GeneID 7030) have been associated with papillary renal cell carcinoma. A PRCC-TFE3 fusion protein is expressed in affected carcinomas and is likely associated with altered gene transactivation. This fusion protein has also been associated with disruption of the cell cycle.[provided by RefSeq, Aug 2010]

DIRC1 Gene

disrupted in renal carcinoma 1

This gene consists of two exons and encodes a 104aa protein. Disruption of this gene by translocation t(2;3)(q33;q21) is associated with familial clear cell renal cancer. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2010]

DIRC3 Gene

disrupted in renal carcinoma 3

DIRC2 Gene

disrupted in renal carcinoma 2

This gene encodes a membrane-bound protein from the major facilitator superfamily of transporters. Disruption of this gene by translocation has been associated with haplo-insufficiency and renal cell carcinomas. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described, but their biological validity has not yet been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

DPEP1 Gene

dipeptidase 1 (renal)

The protein encoded by this gene is a kidney membrane enzyme involved in the metabolism of glutathione and other similar proteins by dipeptide hydrolysis. The encoded protein is known to regulate leukotriene activity by catalyzing the conversion of leukotriene D4 to leukotriene E4. This protein uses zinc as a cofactor and acts as a disulfide-linked homodimer. Two transcript variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2012]

PRR5 Gene

proline rich 5 (renal)

This gene encodes a protein with a proline-rich domain. This gene is located in a region of chromosome 22 reported to contain a tumor suppressor gene that may be involved in breast and colorectal tumorigenesis. The protein is a component of the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 2 (mTORC2), and it regulates platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor beta expression and PDGF signaling to Akt and S6K1. Alternative splicing and the use of alternative promoters results in transcripts encoding different isoforms. Read-through transcripts from this gene into the downstream Rho GTPase activating protein 8 (ARHGAP8) gene also exist, which led to the original description of PRR5 and ARHGAP8 being a single gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2010]

TKCR Gene

torticollis, keloids, cryptorchidism and renal dysplasia