Name

LOC100421321 Gene

glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene

SLC25A3P2 Gene

solute carrier family 25 (mitochondrial carrier; phosphate carrier), member 3 pseudogene 2

DNPH1 Gene

2'-deoxynucleoside 5'-phosphate N-hydrolase 1

This gene was identified on the basis of its stimulation by c-Myc protein. The latter is a transcription factor that participates in the regulation of cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. The exact function of this gene is not known but studies in rat suggest a role in cellular proliferation and c-Myc-mediated transformation. Two alternative transcripts encoding different proteins have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC100421253 Gene

glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene

LOC100421244 Gene

glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene

GAPDHP39 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 39

GAPDHP38 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 38

GAPDHP31 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 31

GAPDHP30 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 30

GAPDHP33 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 33

GAPDHP32 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 32

GAPDHP35 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 35

GAPDHP34 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 34

GAPDHP37 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 37

GAPDHP36 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 36

LOC100421247 Gene

glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene

LOC100421243 Gene

glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene

ALG5 Gene

ALG5, dolichyl-phosphate beta-glucosyltransferase

This gene encodes a member of the glycosyltransferase 2 family. The encoded protein participates in glucosylation of the oligomannose core in N-linked glycosylation of proteins. The addition of glucose residues to the oligomannose core is necessary to ensure substrate recognition, and therefore, effectual transfer of the oligomannose core to the nascent glycoproteins. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2008]

RPEP2 Gene

ribulose-5-phosphate-3-epimerase pseudogene 2

RPEP3 Gene

ribulose-5-phosphate-3-epimerase pseudogene 3

RPEP1 Gene

ribulose-5-phosphate-3-epimerase pseudogene 1

RPEP6 Gene

ribulose-5-phosphate-3-epimerase pseudogene 6

RPEP4 Gene

ribulose-5-phosphate-3-epimerase pseudogene 4

H6PD Gene

hexose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (glucose 1-dehydrogenase)

There are 2 forms of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase. G form is X-linked and H form, encoded by this gene, is autosomally linked. This H form shows activity with other hexose-6-phosphates, especially galactose-6-phosphate, whereas the G form is specific for glucose-6-phosphate. Both forms are present in most tissues, but H form is not found in red cells. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

AGPS Gene

alkylglycerone phosphate synthase

This gene is a member of the FAD-binding oxidoreductase/transferase type 4 family. It encodes a protein that catalyzes the second step of ether lipid biosynthesis in which acyl-dihydroxyacetonephosphate (DHAP) is converted to alkyl-DHAP by the addition of a long chain alcohol and the removal of a long-chain acid anion. The protein is localized to the inner aspect of the peroxisomal membrane and requires FAD as a cofactor. Mutations in this gene have been associated with rhizomelic chondrodysplasia punctata, type 3 and Zellweger syndrome. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC100421100 Gene

RNA terminal phosphate cyclase-like 1 pseudogene

ISYNA1 Gene

inositol-3-phosphate synthase 1

This gene encodes an inositol-3-phosphate synthase enzyme. The encoded protein plays a critical role in the myo-inositol biosynthesis pathway by catalyzing the rate-limiting conversion of glucose 6-phosphate to myoinositol 1-phosphate. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene, and a pseudogene of this gene is located on the short arm of chromosome 4. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2011]

SLC37A1 Gene

solute carrier family 37 (glucose-6-phosphate transporter), member 1

SLC37A1, a member of the sugar-phosphate transport family, transports glycerol-3-phosphate (G3P) between cellular compartments for its utilization in several compartment-specific biochemical pathways.[supplied by OMIM, Jul 2004]

MRI1 Gene

methylthioribose-1-phosphate isomerase 1

PNPO Gene

pyridoxamine 5'-phosphate oxidase

The enzyme encoded by this gene catalyzes the terminal, rate-limiting step in the synthesis of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate, also known as vitamin B6. Vitamin B6 is a required co-factor for enzymes involved in both homocysteine metabolism and synthesis of neurotransmitters such as catecholamine. Mutations in this gene result in pyridoxamine 5'-phosphate oxidase (PNPO) deficiency, a form of neonatal epileptic encephalopathy. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2008]

SLC25A3P3 Gene

solute carrier family 25 (mitochondrial carrier; phosphate carrier), member 3 pseudogene

SLC25A3P1 Gene

solute carrier family 25 (mitochondrial carrier; phosphate carrier), member 3 pseudogene 1

SGPL1 Gene

sphingosine-1-phosphate lyase 1

DPM3 Gene

dolichyl-phosphate mannosyltransferase polypeptide 3

Dolichol-phosphate mannose (Dol-P-Man) serves as a donor of mannosyl residues on the lumenal side of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Lack of Dol-P-Man results in defective surface expression of GPI-anchored proteins. Dol-P-Man is synthesized from GDP-mannose and dolichol-phosphate on the cytosolic side of the ER by the enzyme dolichyl-phosphate mannosyltransferase. The protein encoded by this gene is a subunit of dolichyl-phosphate mannosyltransferase and acts as a stabilizer subunit of the dolichyl-phosphate mannosyltransferase complex. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

DPM2 Gene

dolichyl-phosphate mannosyltransferase polypeptide 2, regulatory subunit

Dolichol-phosphate mannose (Dol-P-Man) serves as a donor of mannosyl residues on the lumenal side of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Lack of Dol-P-Man results in defective surface expression of GPI-anchored proteins. Dol-P-Man is synthesized from GDP-mannose and dolichol-phosphate on the cytosolic side of the ER by the enzyme dolichyl-phosphate mannosyltransferase. The protein encoded by this gene is a hydrophobic protein that contains 2 predicted transmembrane domains and a putative ER localization signal near the C terminus. This protein associates with DPM1 in vivo and is required for the ER localization and stable expression of DPM1 and also enhances the binding of dolichol-phosphate to DPM1. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

DPM1 Gene

dolichyl-phosphate mannosyltransferase polypeptide 1, catalytic subunit

Dolichol-phosphate mannose (Dol-P-Man) serves as a donor of mannosyl residues on the lumenal side of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Lack of Dol-P-Man results in defective surface expression of GPI-anchored proteins. Dol-P-Man is synthesized from GDP-mannose and dolichol-phosphate on the cytosolic side of the ER by the enzyme dolichyl-phosphate mannosyltransferase. Human DPM1 lacks a carboxy-terminal transmembrane domain and signal sequence and is regulated by DPM2. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GAPDHP2 Gene

glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 2

GAPDHP1 Gene

glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 1

LOC100421256 Gene

glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene

LOC100421251 Gene

glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene

PCYT2 Gene

phosphate cytidylyltransferase 2, ethanolamine

This gene encodes an enzyme that catalyzes the formation of CDP-ethanolamine from CTP and phosphoethanolamine in the Kennedy pathway of phospholipid synthesis. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

ETNPPL Gene

ethanolamine-phosphate phospho-lyase

LOC100421304 Gene

glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene

GAPDHP55 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 55

GAPDHP54 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 54

GAPDHP53 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 53

GAPDHP52 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 52

GAPDHP51 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 51

GAPDHP50 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 50

RPIA Gene

ribose 5-phosphate isomerase A

The protein encoded by this gene is an enzyme, which catalyzes the reversible conversion between ribose-5-phosphate and ribulose-5-phosphate in the pentose-phosphate pathway. This gene is highly conserved in most organisms. The enzyme plays an essential role in the carbohydrate metabolism. Mutations in this gene cause ribose 5-phosphate isomerase deficiency. A pseudogene is found on chromosome 18. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2010]

PIP4K2A Gene

phosphatidylinositol-5-phosphate 4-kinase, type II, alpha

Phosphatidylinositol-5,4-bisphosphate, the precursor to second messengers of the phosphoinositide signal transduction pathways, is thought to be involved in the regulation of secretion, cell proliferation, differentiation, and motility. The protein encoded by this gene is one of a family of enzymes capable of catalyzing the phosphorylation of phosphatidylinositol-5-phosphate on the fourth hydroxyl of the myo-inositol ring to form phosphatidylinositol-5,4-bisphosphate. The amino acid sequence of this enzyme does not show homology to other kinases, but the recombinant protein does exhibit kinase activity. This gene is a member of the phosphatidylinositol-5-phosphate 4-kinase family. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PIP4K2C Gene

phosphatidylinositol-5-phosphate 4-kinase, type II, gamma

PIP4K2B Gene

phosphatidylinositol-5-phosphate 4-kinase, type II, beta

The protein encoded by this gene catalyzes the phosphorylation of phosphatidylinositol-5-phosphate on the fourth hydroxyl of the myo-inositol ring to form phosphatidylinositol-5,4-bisphosphate. This gene is a member of the phosphatidylinositol-5-phosphate 4-kinase family. The encoded protein sequence does not show similarity to other kinases, but the protein does exhibit kinase activity. Additionally, the encoded protein interacts with p55 TNF receptor. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GPAM Gene

glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase, mitochondrial

This gene encodes a mitochondrial enzyme which prefers saturated fatty acids as its substrate for the synthesis of glycerolipids. This metabolic pathway's first step is catalyzed by the encoded enzyme. Two forms for this enzyme exist, one in the mitochondria and one in the endoplasmic reticulum. Two alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2011]

PCYT1A Gene

phosphate cytidylyltransferase 1, choline, alpha

PCYT1B Gene

phosphate cytidylyltransferase 1, choline, beta

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the cytidylyltransferase family. It is involved in the regulation of phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis. Several alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2009]

PIK3C2B Gene

phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 3-kinase, catalytic subunit type 2 beta

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) family. PI3-kinases play roles in signaling pathways involved in cell proliferation, oncogenic transformation, cell survival, cell migration, and intracellular protein trafficking. This protein contains a lipid kinase catalytic domain as well as a C-terminal C2 domain, a characteristic of class II PI3-kinases. C2 domains act as calcium-dependent phospholipid binding motifs that mediate translocation of proteins to membranes, and may also mediate protein-protein interactions. The PI3-kinase activity of this protein is sensitive to low nanomolar levels of the inhibitor wortmanin. The C2 domain of this protein was shown to bind phospholipids but not Ca2+, which suggests that this enzyme may function in a calcium-independent manner. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PIK3C2A Gene

phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 3-kinase, catalytic subunit type 2 alpha

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) family. PI3-kinases play roles in signaling pathways involved in cell proliferation, oncogenic transformation, cell survival, cell migration, and intracellular protein trafficking. This protein contains a lipid kinase catalytic domain as well as a C-terminal C2 domain, a characteristic of class II PI3-kinases. C2 domains act as calcium-dependent phospholipid binding motifs that mediate translocation of proteins to membranes, and may also mediate protein-protein interactions. The PI3-kinase activity of this protein is not sensitive to nanomolar levels of the inhibitor wortmanin. This protein was shown to be able to be activated by insulin and may be involved in integrin-dependent signaling. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PIK3C2G Gene

phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 3-kinase, catalytic subunit type 2 gamma

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) family. PI3-kinases play roles in signaling pathways involved in cell proliferation, oncogenic transformation, cell survival, cell migration, and intracellular protein trafficking. This protein contains a lipid kinase catalytic domain as well as a C-terminal C2 domain, a characteristic of class II PI3-kinases. C2 domains act as calcium-dependent phospholipid binding motifs that mediate translocation of proteins to membranes, and may also mediate protein-protein interactions. This gene may play a role in several diseases, including type II diabetes. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2014]

PIP5K1P1 Gene

phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 5-kinase, type I, pseudogene 1

PIP5K1P2 Gene

phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 5-kinase, type I, pseudogene 2

GNPTAB Gene

N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphate transferase, alpha and beta subunits

This gene encodes two of three subunit types of the membrane-bound enzyme N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphotransferase, a heterohexameric complex composed of two alpha, two beta, and two gamma subunits. The encoded protein is proteolytically cleaved at the Lys928-Asp929 bond to yield mature alpha and beta polypeptides while the gamma subunits are the product of a distinct gene (GeneID 84572). In the Golgi apparatus, the heterohexameric complex catalyzes the first step in the synthesis of mannose 6-phosphate recognition markers on certain oligosaccharides of newly synthesized lysosomal enzymes. These recognition markers are essential for appropriate trafficking of lysosomal enzymes. Mutations in this gene have been associated with both mucolipidosis II and mucolipidosis IIIA.[provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

GAPDHP76 Gene

glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 76

GAPDHP57 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 57

AGPAT6 Gene

1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase 6

Lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferases (EC 2.3.1.51) catalyze the conversion of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) to phosphatidic acid (PA). LPA and PA are involved in signal transduction and lipid biosynthesis.[supplied by OMIM, Apr 2004]

AGPAT5 Gene

1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase 5

This gene encodes a member of the 1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase family. This integral membrane protein converts lysophosphatidic acid to phosphatidic acid, the second step in de novo phospholipid biosynthesis. A pseudogene of this gene is present on the Y chromosome. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2014]

AGPAT4 Gene

1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase 4

This gene encodes a member of the 1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase family. This integral membrane protein converts lysophosphatidic acid to phosphatidic acid, the second step in de novo phospholipid biosynthesis. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

AGPAT3 Gene

1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase 3

The protein encoded by this gene is an acyltransferase that converts lysophosphatidic acid into phosphatidic acid, which is the second step in the de novo phospholipid biosynthetic pathway. The encoded protein may be an integral membrane protein. Two transcript variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

AGPAT2 Gene

1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase 2

This gene encodes a member of the 1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase family. The protein is located within the endoplasmic reticulum membrane and converts lysophosphatidic acid to phosphatidic acid, the second step in de novo phospholipid biosynthesis. Mutations in this gene have been associated with congenital generalized lipodystrophy (CGL), or Berardinelli-Seip syndrome, a disease characterized by a near absence of adipose tissue and severe insulin resistance. Alternate transcriptional splice variants, encoding different isoforms, have been characterized. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

AGPAT1 Gene

1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase 1

This gene encodes an enzyme that converts lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) into phosphatidic acid (PA). LPA and PA are two phospholipids involved in signal transduction and in lipid biosynthesis in cells. This enzyme localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum. This gene is located in the class III region of the human major histocompatibility complex. Alternative splicing results in two transcript variants encoding the same protein. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

AGPAT9 Gene

1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase 9

This gene encodes a member of the lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase protein family. The encoded protein is an enzyme which catalyzes the conversion of glycerol-3-phosphate to lysophosphatidic acid in the synthesis of triacylglycerol. Multiple alternatively spliced variants, encoding the same protein, have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2012]

SLC34A1 Gene

solute carrier family 34 (type II sodium/phosphate cotransporter), member 1

This gene encodes a member of the type II sodium-phosphate cotransporter family. Mutations in this gene are associated with hypophosphatemia nephrolithiasis/osteoporosis 1. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2009]

SLC34A3 Gene

solute carrier family 34 (type II sodium/phosphate cotransporter), member 3

This gene encodes a member of SLC34A transporter family of proteins, and is expressed primarily in the kidney. It is involved in transporting phosphate into cells via sodium cotransport in the renal brush border membrane, and contributes to the maintenance of inorganic phosphate concentration in the kidney. Mutations in this gene are associated with hereditary hypophosphatemic rickets with hypercalciuria. Alternatively spliced transcript variants varying in the 5' UTR have been found for this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Apr 2010]

SLC34A2 Gene

solute carrier family 34 (type II sodium/phosphate cotransporter), member 2

The protein encoded by this gene is a pH-sensitive sodium-dependent phosphate transporter. Phosphate uptake is increased at lower pH. Defects in this gene are a cause of pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis. Three transcript variants encoding two different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

M6PR Gene

mannose-6-phosphate receptor (cation dependent)

This gene encodes a member of the P-type lectin family. P-type lectins play a critical role in lysosome function through the specific transport of mannose-6-phosphate-containing acid hydrolases from the Golgi complex to lysosomes. The encoded protein functions as a homodimer and requires divalent cations for ligand binding. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. A pseudogene of this gene is located on the long arm of chromosome X. [provided by RefSeq, May 2011]

CPTP Gene

ceramide-1-phosphate transfer protein

RPIAP1 Gene

ribose 5-phosphate isomerase A pseudogene 1

GAPDHP26 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 26

GAPDHP25 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 25

GAPDHP22 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 22

GAPDHP23 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 23

GAPDHP20 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 20

GAPDHP21 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 21

GAPDHP29 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 29

RPE Gene

ribulose-5-phosphate-3-epimerase

SLC25A23 Gene

solute carrier family 25 (mitochondrial carrier; phosphate carrier), member 23

SLC25A24 Gene

solute carrier family 25 (mitochondrial carrier; phosphate carrier), member 24

This gene encodes a carrier protein that transports ATP-Mg exchanging it for phosphate. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2012]

SLC25A25 Gene

solute carrier family 25 (mitochondrial carrier; phosphate carrier), member 25

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the family of calcium-binding mitochondrial carriers, with a characteristic mitochondrial carrier domain at the C-terminus. These proteins are found in the inner membranes of mitochondria, and function as transport proteins. They shuttle metabolites, nucleotides and cofactors through the mitochondrial membrane and thereby connect and/or regulate cytoplasm and matrix functions. This protein may function as an ATP-Mg/Pi carrier that mediates the transport of Mg-ATP in exchange for phosphate, and likely responsible for the net uptake or efflux of adenine nucleotides into or from the mitochondria. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms with a common C-terminus but variable N-termini have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2012]

GPD1 Gene

glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 1 (soluble)

This gene encodes a member of the NAD-dependent glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase family. The encoded protein plays a critical role in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism by catalyzing the reversible conversion of dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) and reduced nicotine adenine dinucleotide (NADH) to glycerol-3-phosphate (G3P) and NAD+. The encoded cytosolic protein and mitochondrial glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase also form a glycerol phosphate shuttle that facilitates the transfer of reducing equivalents from the cytosol to mitochondria. Mutations in this gene are a cause of transient infantile hypertriglyceridemia. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2012]

GPD2 Gene

glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 2 (mitochondrial)

The protein encoded by this gene localizes to the inner mitochondrial membrane and catalyzes the conversion of glycerol-3-phosphate to dihydroxyacetone phosphate, using FAD as a cofactor. Along with GDP1, the encoded protein constitutes the glycerol phosphate shuttle, which reoxidizes NADH formed during glycolysis. Two transcript variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Jan 2010]

LOC100421409 Gene

glucosamine-phosphate N-acetyltransferase 1 pseudogene

GALT Gene

galactose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase

Galactose-1-phosphate uridyl transferase (GALT) catalyzes the second step of the Leloir pathway of galactose metabolism, namely the conversion of UDP-glucose + galactose-1-phosphate to glucose-1-phosphate + UDP-galactose. The absence of this enzyme results in classic galactosemia in humans and can be fatal in the newborn period if lactose is not removed from the diet. The pathophysiology of galactosemia has not been clearly defined. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2012]

GAPDHP24 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 24

GAPDHP28 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 28

GAPDHP68 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 68

GPAT2 Gene

glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase 2, mitochondrial

LOC100131200 Gene

mannose-6-phosphate receptor (cation dependent) pseudogene

RPEL1 Gene

ribulose-5-phosphate-3-epimerase-like 1

LOC653924 Gene

glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase 2, mitochondrial pseudogene

MPI Gene

mannose phosphate isomerase

Phosphomannose isomerase catalyzes the interconversion of fructose-6-phosphate and mannose-6-phosphate and plays a critical role in maintaining the supply of D-mannose derivatives, which are required for most glycosylation reactions. Mutations in the MPI gene were found in patients with carbohydrate-deficient glycoprotein syndrome, type Ib. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2014]

GNPNAT1 Gene

glucosamine-phosphate N-acetyltransferase 1

SLC37A2 Gene

solute carrier family 37 (glucose-6-phosphate transporter), member 2

SLC37A4 Gene

solute carrier family 37 (glucose-6-phosphate transporter), member 4

This gene regulates glucose-6-phosphate transport from the cytoplasm to the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum, in order to maintain glucose homeostasis. It also plays a role in ATP-mediated calcium sequestration in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum. Mutations in this gene have been associated with various forms of glycogen storage disease. Alternative splicing in this gene results in multiple transcript variants.[provided by RefSeq, Aug 2009]

PHEX Gene

phosphate regulating endopeptidase homolog, X-linked

The protein encoded by this gene is a transmembrane endopeptidase that belongs to the type II integral membrane zinc-dependent endopeptidase family. The protein is thought to be involved in bone and dentin mineralization and renal phosphate reabsorption. Mutations in this gene cause X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2013]

GNPTG Gene

N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphate transferase, gamma subunit

This gene encodes the gamma sunbunit of the N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphotransferase complex. This hexameric complex, composed of alpha, beta and gamma subunits, catalyzes the first step in synthesis of a mannose 6-phosphate lysosomal recognition marker. This enzyme complex is necessary for targeting of lysosomal hydrolases to the lysosome. Mutations in the gene encoding the gamma subunit have been associated with mucolipidosis IIIC, also known as mucolipidosis III gamma.[provided by RefSeq, Feb 2010]

AGPAT5P1 Gene

1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase 5 pseudogene 1

GPD1L Gene

glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 1-like

The protein encoded by this gene catalyzes the conversion of sn-glycerol 3-phosphate to glycerone phosphate. The encoded protein is found in the cytoplasm, associated with the plasma membrane, where it binds the sodium channel, voltage-gated, type V, alpha subunit (SCN5A). Defects in this gene are a cause of Brugada syndrome type 2 (BRS2) as well as sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2010]

GAPDHP75 Gene

glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 75

GAPDHP74 Gene

glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 74

GAPDHP71 Gene

glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 71

GAPDHP70 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 70

GAPDHP73 Gene

glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 73

GAPDHP72 Gene

glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 72

G6PD Gene

glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase

This gene encodes glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase. This protein is a cytosolic enzyme encoded by a housekeeping X-linked gene whose main function is to produce NADPH, a key electron donor in the defense against oxidizing agents and in reductive biosynthetic reactions. G6PD is remarkable for its genetic diversity. Many variants of G6PD, mostly produced from missense mutations, have been described with wide ranging levels of enzyme activity and associated clinical symptoms. G6PD deficiency may cause neonatal jaundice, acute hemolysis, or severe chronic non-spherocytic hemolytic anemia. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GAPDH Gene

glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase

This gene encodes a member of the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase protein family. The encoded protein has been identified as a moonlighting protein based on its ability to perform mechanistically distinct functions. The product of this gene catalyzes an important energy-yielding step in carbohydrate metabolism, the reversible oxidative phosphorylation of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate in the presence of inorganic phosphate and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD). The encoded protein has additionally been identified to have uracil DNA glycosylase activity in the nucleus. Also, this protein contains a peptide that has antimicrobial activity against E. coli, P. aeruginosa, and C. albicans. Studies of a similar protein in mouse have assigned a variety of additional functions including nitrosylation of nuclear proteins, the regulation of mRNA stability, and acting as a transferrin receptor on the cell surface of macrophage. Many pseudogenes similar to this locus are present in the human genome. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2014]

LPPR3 Gene

lipid phosphate phosphatase-related protein type 3

The proteins in the lipid phosphate phosphatase (LPP) family, including PRG2, are integral membrane proteins that modulate bioactive lipid phosphates including phosphatidate, lysophosphatidate, and sphingosine-1-phosphate in the context of cell migration, neurite retraction, and mitogenesis (Brauer et al., 2003 [PubMed 12730698]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

GAPDHP65 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 65

GPI Gene

glucose-6-phosphate isomerase

This gene encodes a member of the glucose phosphate isomerase protein family. The encoded protein has been identified as a moonlighting protein based on its ability to perform mechanistically distinct functions. In the cytoplasm, the gene product functions as a glycolytic enzyme (glucose-6-phosphate isomerase) that interconverts glucose-6-phophsate and fructose-6-phosphate. Extracellularly, the encoded protein (also referred to as neuroleukin) functions as a neurotrophic factor that promotes survival of skeletal motor neurons and sensory neurons, and as a lymphokine that induces immunoglobulin secretion. The encoded protein is also referred to as autocrine motility factor based on an additional function as a tumor-secreted cytokine and angiogenic factor. Defects in this gene are the cause of nonspherocytic hemolytic anemia and a severe enzyme deficiency can be associated with hydrops fetalis, immediate neonatal death and neurological impairment. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2014]

GFPT1 Gene

glutamine--fructose-6-phosphate transaminase 1

This gene encodes the first and rate-limiting enzyme of the hexosamine pathway and controls the flux of glucose into the hexosamine pathway. The product of this gene catalyzes the formation of glucosamine 6-phosphate. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2008]

GFPT2 Gene

glutamine-fructose-6-phosphate transaminase 2

HPBP Gene

phosphate binding apolipoprotein

LOC401767 Gene

1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase 6 (lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase, zeta) pseudogene

CAD Gene

carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase 2, aspartate transcarbamylase, and dihydroorotase

The de novo synthesis of pyrimidine nucleotides is required for mammalian cells to proliferate. This gene encodes a trifunctional protein which is associated with the enzymatic activities of the first 3 enzymes in the 6-step pathway of pyrimidine biosynthesis: carbamoylphosphate synthetase (CPS II), aspartate transcarbamoylase, and dihydroorotase. This protein is regulated by the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade, which indicates a direct link between activation of the MAPK cascade and de novo biosynthesis of pyrimidine nucleotides. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2015]

LOC100421317 Gene

glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene

LOC100421314 Gene

glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene

SLC20A2 Gene

solute carrier family 20 (phosphate transporter), member 2

This gene encodes a member of the inorganic phosphate transporter family. The encoded protein is a type 3 sodium-dependent phosphate symporter that plays an important role in phosphate homeostasis by mediating cellular phosphate uptake. The encoded protein also confers susceptibility to viral infection as a gamma-retroviral receptor. Mutations in this gene may play a role in familial idiopathic basal ganglia calcification. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2012]

SLC20A1 Gene

solute carrier family 20 (phosphate transporter), member 1

The protein encoded by this gene is a sodium-phosphate symporter that absorbs phosphate from interstitial fluid for use in cellular functions such as metabolism, signal transduction, and nucleic acid and lipid synthesis. The encoded protein is also a retroviral receptor, causing human cells to be susceptible to infection by gibbon ape leukemia virus, simian sarcoma-associated virus, feline leukemia virus subgroup B, and 10A1 murine leukemia virus.[provided by RefSeq, Mar 2011]

LOC645433 Gene

inositol-3-phosphate synthase 1 pseudogene

LOC729999 Gene

glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 2 (mitochondrial) pseudogene

LOC100423044 Gene

solute carrier family 34 (type II sodium/phosphate cotransporter), member 2 pseudogene

SLC20A1P1 Gene

solute carrier family 20 (phosphate transporter), member 1 pseudogene 1

SLC20A1P3 Gene

solute carrier family 20 (phosphate transporter), member 1 pseudogene 3

SLC20A1P2 Gene

solute carrier family 20 (phosphate transporter), member 1 pseudogene 2

SGPP2 Gene

sphingosine-1-phosphate phosphatase 2

Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a bioactive sphingolipid metabolite that regulates diverse biologic processes. SGPP2 catalyzes the degradation of S1P (Ogawa et al., 2003 [PubMed 12411432]).[supplied by OMIM, Jun 2009]

SGPP1 Gene

sphingosine-1-phosphate phosphatase 1

Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a bioactive sphingolipid metabolite that regulates diverse biologic processes. SGPP1 catalyzes the degradation of S1P via salvage and recycling of sphingosine into long-chain ceramides (Mandala et al., 2000 [PubMed 10859351]; Le Stunff et al., 2007 [PubMed 17895250]).[supplied by OMIM, Jun 2009]

LOC100421261 Gene

glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene

LOC100421264 Gene

glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene

LOC100420790 Gene

glucosamine-6-phosphate deaminase 2 pseudogene

GAPDHP48 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 48

GAPDHP49 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 49

GAPDHP44 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 44

GAPDHP45 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 45

GAPDHP46 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 46

GAPDHP47 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 47

GAPDHP40 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 40

GAPDHP41 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 41

GAPDHP42 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 42

GAPDHP43 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 43

SLC25A3 Gene

solute carrier family 25 (mitochondrial carrier; phosphate carrier), member 3

The protein encoded by this gene catalyzes the transport of phosphate into the mitochondrial matrix, either by proton cotransport or in exchange for hydroxyl ions. The protein contains three related segments arranged in tandem which are related to those found in other characterized members of the mitochondrial carrier family. Both the N-terminal and C-terminal regions of this protein protrude toward the cytosol. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants have been isolated. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

DPAGT1 Gene

dolichyl-phosphate (UDP-N-acetylglucosamine) N-acetylglucosaminephosphotransferase 1 (GlcNAc-1-P transferase)

The protein encoded by this gene is an enzyme that catalyzes the first step in the dolichol-linked oligosaccharide pathway for glycoprotein biosynthesis. This enzyme belongs to the glycosyltransferase family 4. This protein is an integral membrane protein of the endoplasmic reticulum. The congenital disorder of glycosylation type Ij is caused by mutation in the gene encoding this enzyme. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

RCL1 Gene

RNA terminal phosphate cyclase-like 1

LPPR5 Gene

lipid phosphate phosphatase-related protein type 5

The protein encoded by this gene is a type 2 member of the phosphatidic acid phosphatase (PAP) family. All type 2 members of this protein family contain 6 transmembrane regions, and a consensus N-glycosylation site. PAPs convert phosphatidic acid to diacylglycerol, and function in de novo synthesis of glycerolipids as well as in receptor-activated signal transduction mediated by phospholipase D. Alternate transcriptional splice variants, encoding different isoforms, have been characterized. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LPPR4 Gene

lipid phosphate phosphatase-related protein type 4

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the lipid phosphate phosphatase (LPP) family. LPPs catalyze the dephosphorylation of a number of bioactive lipid mediators that regulate a variety of cell functions. This protein is specifically expressed in neurons. It is located in the membranes of outgrowing axons and has been shown to be important for axonal outgrowth during development and regenerative sprouting. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]

LPPR2 Gene

lipid phosphate phosphatase-related protein type 2

LPPR1 Gene

lipid phosphate phosphatase-related protein type 1

This gene encodes a member of the plasticity-related gene (PRG) family. Members of the PRG family mediate lipid phosphate phosphatase activity in neurons and are known to be involved in neuronal plasticity. The protein encoded by this gene does not perform its function through enzymatic phospholipid degradation. This gene is strongly expressed in brain. It shows dynamic expression regulation during brain development and neuronal excitation. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same protein have been observed. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PIP5KL1 Gene

phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 5-kinase-like 1

PIP5KL1 is a phosphoinositide kinase-like protein that lacks intrinsic lipid kinase activity but associates with type I PIPKs (see PIP5K1A; MIM 603275) and may play a role in localization of PIPK activity (Chang et al., 2004 [PubMed 14701839]).[supplied by OMIM, Jun 2009]

GAPDHP17 Gene

glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 17

GAPDHP16 Gene

glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 16

GAPDHP14 Gene

glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 14

GAPDHP19 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 19

RTCB Gene

RNA 2',3'-cyclic phosphate and 5'-OH ligase

RTCA Gene

RNA 3'-terminal phosphate cyclase

This gene encodes a member of the RNA 3'-phosphate cyclase family. The encoded protein plays a role in RNA metabolism by catalyzing the ATP-dependent conversion of the 3'-phosphate of RNA substrates to a 2',3'-cyclic phosphodiester. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2012]

GAPDHP59 Gene

glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 59

GAPDHP58 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 58

GAPDHP56 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 56

GAPDHS Gene

glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, spermatogenic

This gene encodes a protein belonging to the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase family of enzymes that play an important role in carbohydrate metabolism. Like its somatic cell counterpart, this sperm-specific enzyme functions in a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-dependent manner to remove hydrogen and add phosphate to glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate to form 1,3-diphosphoglycerate. During spermiogenesis, this enzyme may play an important role in regulating the switch between different energy-producing pathways, and it is required for sperm motility and male fertility. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

FPGT Gene

fucose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase

L-fucose is a key sugar in glycoproteins and other complex carbohydrates since it may be involved in many of the functional roles of these macromolecules, such as in cell-cell recognition. The fucosyl donor for these fucosylated oligosaccharides is GDP-beta-L-fucose. There are two alternate pathways for the biosynthesis of GDP-fucose; the major pathway converts GDP-alpha-D-mannose to GDP-beta-L-fucose. The protein encoded by this gene participates in an alternate pathway that is present in certain mammalian tissues, such as liver and kidney, and appears to function as a salvage pathway to reutilize L-fucose arising from the turnover of glycoproteins and glycolipids. This pathway involves the phosphorylation of L-fucose to form beta-L-fucose-1-phosphate, and then condensation of the beta-L-fucose-1-phosphate with GTP by fucose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase to form GDP-beta-L-fucose. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. Read-through transcription also exists between this gene and the neighboring downstream TNNI3 interacting kinase (TNNI3K) gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2010]

S1PR3 Gene

sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 3

This gene encodes a member of the EDG family of receptors, which are G protein-coupled receptors. This protein has been identified as a functional receptor for sphingosine 1-phosphate and likely contributes to the regulation of angiogenesis and vascular endothelial cell function. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

S1PR2 Gene

sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 2

This gene encodes a member of the G protein-coupled receptors, as well as the EDG family of proteins. This protein participates in sphingosine 1-phosphate-induced cell proliferation, survival, and transcriptional activation [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

S1PR1 Gene

sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 1

The protein encoded by this gene is structurally similar to G protein-coupled receptors and is highly expressed in endothelial cells. It binds the ligand sphingosine-1-phosphate with high affinity and high specificity, and suggested to be involved in the processes that regulate the differentiation of endothelial cells. Activation of this receptor induces cell-cell adhesion. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

S1PR5 Gene

sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 5

The lysosphingolipid sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) regulates cell proliferation, apoptosis, motility, and neurite retraction. Its actions may be both intracellular as a second messenger and extracellular as a receptor ligand. S1P and the structurally related lysolipid mediator lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) signal cells through a set of G protein-coupled receptors known as EDG receptors. Some EDG receptors (e.g., EDG1; MIM 601974) are S1P receptors; others (e.g., EDG2; MIM 602282) are LPA receptors.[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

S1PR4 Gene

sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 4

This gene is a member of the endothelial differentiation, G-protein-coupled (EDG)) receptor gene family. EDG receptors bind lysophospholipids or lysosphingolipids as ligands, and are involved in cell signalling in many different cell types. This EDG receptor gene is intronless and is specifically expressed in the lymphoid tissue. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC100421335 Gene

glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene

GAPDHP15 Gene

glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 15

DERA Gene

deoxyribose-phosphate aldolase (putative)

GNPDA2 Gene

glucosamine-6-phosphate deaminase 2

The protein encoded by this gene is an allosteric enzyme that catalyzes the reversible reaction converting D-glucosamine-6-phosphate into D-fructose-6-phosphate and ammonium. Variations of this gene have been reported to be associated with influencing body mass index and susceptibility to obesity. A pseudogene of this gene is located on chromosome 9. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants that encode different protein isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2012]

GNPDA1 Gene

glucosamine-6-phosphate deaminase 1

Glucosamine-6-phosphate deaminase (EC 3.5.99.6) is an allosteric enzyme that catalyzes the reversible conversion of D-glucosamine-6-phosphate into D-fructose-6-phosphate and ammonium (Arreola et al., 2003 [PubMed 12965206]).[supplied by OMIM, Jan 2010]

GAPDHP62 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 62

GAPDHP63 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 63

GAPDHP60 Gene

glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 60

GAPDHP61 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 61

GAPDHP66 Gene

glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 66

GAPDHP67 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 67

GAPDHP64 Gene

glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 64

GAPDHP69 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 69

LOC100133147 Gene

glucosamine-phosphate N-acetyltransferase 1 pseudogene

LOC100421322 Gene

glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene

LOC643219 Gene

glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase 2, mitochondrial pseudogene

GAPDHP27 Gene

glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene 27

LOC100421265 Gene

glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase pseudogene

LOC100421444 Gene

glucosamine-phosphate N-acetyltransferase 1 pseudogene

PIP5K1C Gene

phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 5-kinase, type I, gamma

This locus encodes a type I phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate 5-kinase. The encoded protein catalyzes phosphorylation of phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate, producing phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate. This enzyme is found at synapses and has been found to play roles in endocytosis and cell migration. Mutations at this locus have been associated with lethal congenital contractural syndrome. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described.[provided by RefSeq, Sep 2010]

PIP5K1B Gene

phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 5-kinase, type I, beta

PIP5K1A Gene

phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 5-kinase, type I, alpha

CPS1 Gene

carbamoyl-phosphate synthase 1, mitochondrial

The mitochondrial enzyme encoded by this gene catalyzes synthesis of carbamoyl phosphate from ammonia and bicarbonate. This reaction is the first committed step of the urea cycle, which is important in the removal of excess urea from cells. The encoded protein may also represent a core mitochondrial nucleoid protein. Three transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. The shortest isoform may not be localized to the mitochondrion. Mutations in this gene have been associated with carbamoyl phosphate synthetase deficiency, susceptibility to persistent pulmonary hypertension, and susceptibility to venoocclusive disease after bone marrow transplantation.[provided by RefSeq, May 2010]