A complex of several polypeptides that plays at least two important roles in protein synthesis: First, eIF3 binds to the 40S ribosome and facilitates loading of the Met-tRNA/eIF2.GTP ternary complex to form the 43S preinitiation complex. Subsequently, eIF3 apparently assists eIF4 in recruiting mRNAs to the 43S complex. The eIF3 complex contains five conserved core subunits, and may contain several additional proteins; the non-core subunits are thought to mediate association of the complex with specific sets of mRNAs. (Gene Ontology, GO_0005852)
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15 proteins localized to the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3 complex cellular component from the COMPARTMENTS Curated Protein Localization Evidence Scores dataset.