Name

GO Biological Process Annotations Dataset

From Gene Ontology

curated annotations of genes with biological processes

FRA7A Gene

fragile site, folic acid type, rare, fra(7)(p11.2)

FRA10A Gene

fragile site, folic acid type, rare, fra(10)(q23.3) or fra(10)(q24.2)

FRA2B Gene

fragile site, folic acid type, rare, fra(2)(q13)

FRA2A Gene

fragile site, folic acid type, rare, fra(2)(q11.2)

FRA2K Gene

fragile site, folic acid type, rare, fra(2)(q22.3)

FRA5G Gene

fragile site, folic acid type, rare, fra(5)(q35)

FRA16A Gene

fragile site, folic acid type, rare, fra(16)(p13.11)

There are several phenotypes associated with variation in pericentric region of chromosome 16: see the 16p12.2-p11.2 deletion syndrome (MIM 613604); see MIM 611913 for a deletion or duplication at 16p11.2 associated with autism (AUTS14); and see MIM 613444 for a 220-kb deletion at 16p11.2 associated with isolated severe early-onset obesity and obesity with developmental delay.[supplied by OMIM, Nov 2010]

FRA8A Gene

fragile site, folic acid type, rare, fra(8)(q22.3)

FRA10AC1 Gene

fragile site, folic acid type, rare, fra(10)(q23.3) or fra(10)(q24.2) candidate 1

The protein encoded by this gene is a nuclear phosphoprotein of unknown function. The 5' UTR of this gene is part of a CpG island and contains a tandem CGG repeat region that normally consists of 8-14 repeats but can expand to over 200 repeats. The expanded allele becomes hypermethylated and is not transcribed; however, an expanded repeat region has not been associated with any disease phenotype. This gene is found within the rare FRA10A folate-sensitive fragile site. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2010]

FRA22A Gene

fragile site, folic acid type, rare, fra(22)(q13)

FRAXE Gene

fragile site, folic acid type, rare, fra(X)(q28) E

FRAXA Gene

fragile site, folic acid type, rare, fra(X)(q27.3) A (macroorchidism, mental retardation)

FRA6A Gene

fragile site, folic acid type, rare, fra(6)(p23)

FRA11A Gene

fragile site, folic acid type, rare, fra(11)(q13.3)

FRA1M Gene

fragile site, folic acid type, rare, fra(1)(p21.3)

FRA19B Gene

fragile site, folic acid type, rare, fra(19)(p13)

FRA20A Gene

fragile site, folic acid type, rare, fra(20)(p11.23)

FRA9B Gene

fragile site, folic acid type, rare, fra(9)(q32)

FRA9A Gene

fragile site, folic acid type, rare, fra(9)(p21)

FRA12A Gene

fragile site, folic acid type, rare, fra(12)(q13.1)

FRA12A is a folate-sensitive chromosomal fragile site prone to breakage. No consistent phenotype has been observed with FRA12A, and it can be inherited without phenotypic effect (Berg et al., 2000 [PubMed 10955484]). However, mental retardation with or without other anomalies has been described in patients with over 40% of cells expressing FRA12A (Winnepenninckx et al., 2007).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

FRA12D Gene

fragile site, folic acid type, rare, fra(12)(q24.13)

BAATP1 Gene

bile acid CoA: amino acid N-acyltransferase pseudogene 1

BAAT Gene

bile acid CoA:amino acid N-acyltransferase

The protein encoded by this gene is a liver enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of C24 bile acids from the acyl-CoA thioester to either glycine or taurine, the second step in the formation of bile acid-amino acid conjugates. The bile acid conjugates then act as a detergent in the gastrointestinal tract, which enhances lipid and fat-soluble vitamin absorption. Defects in this gene are a cause of familial hypercholanemia (FHCA). Two transcript variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PPAPDC1B Gene

phosphatidic acid phosphatase type 2 domain containing 1B

PPAPDC1A Gene

phosphatidic acid phosphatase type 2 domain containing 1A

PPAPDC3 Gene

phosphatidic acid phosphatase type 2 domain containing 3

PPAPDC2 Gene

phosphatidic acid phosphatase type 2 domain containing 2

FAXDC2 Gene

fatty acid hydroxylase domain containing 2

SLC36A4 Gene

solute carrier family 36 (proton/amino acid symporter), member 4

SLC36A4 belongs to the SLC36 family of amino acid transporters based on sequence similarity with other family members (e.g., SLC36A1; MIM 606561). SLC36 proteins contain about 500 amino acids and have 9 to 11 transmembrane domains. Unlike other SLC36 family members, which are proton-coupled amino acid transporters, SLC36A4 is a high-affinity/low-capacity non-proton-coupled amino acid transporter (Pillai and Meredith, 2011 [PubMed 21097500]).[supplied by OMIM, Feb 2011]

SLC36A1 Gene

solute carrier family 36 (proton/amino acid symporter), member 1

This gene encodes a member of the eukaryote-specific amino acid/auxin permease (AAAP) 1 transporter family. The encoded protein functions as a proton-dependent, small amino acid transporter. This gene is clustered with related family members on chromosome 5q33.1. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2015]

REREP3 Gene

arginine-glutamic acid dipeptide (RE) repeats pseudogene 3

LPAR1 Gene

lysophosphatidic acid receptor 1

The integral membrane protein encoded by this gene is a lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) receptor from a group known as EDG receptors. These receptors are members of the G protein-coupled receptor superfamily. Utilized by LPA for cell signaling, EDG receptors mediate diverse biologic functions, including proliferation, platelet aggregation, smooth muscle contraction, inhibition of neuroblastoma cell differentiation, chemotaxis, and tumor cell invasion. Two transcript variants encoding the same protein have been identified for this gene [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SLC36A2 Gene

solute carrier family 36 (proton/amino acid symporter), member 2

This gene encodes a pH-dependent proton-coupled amino acid transporter that belongs to the amino acid auxin permease 1 protein family. The encoded protein primarily transports small amino acids such as glycine, alanine and proline. Mutations in this gene are associated with iminoglycinuria and hyperglycinuria. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2010]

SMPD1 Gene

sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase 1, acid lysosomal

The protein encoded by this gene is a lysosomal acid sphingomyelinase that converts sphingomyelin to ceramide. The encoded protein also has phospholipase C activity. Defects in this gene are a cause of Niemann-Pick disease type A (NPA) and Niemann-Pick disease type B (NPB). Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2010]

SIGLEC27P Gene

sialic acid binding Ig-like lectin 27, pseudogene

GABBR1 Gene

gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) B receptor, 1

Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the main inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system. GABA exerts its effects through ionotropic [GABA(A/C)] receptors, to produce fast synaptic inhibition, and metabotropic [GABA(B)] receptors, to produce slow, prolonged inhibitory signals. The GABA(B) receptor consists of a heterodimer of two related 7-transmembrane receptors, GABA(B) receptor 1 and GABA(B) receptor 2. The GABA(B) receptor 1 gene is mapped to chromosome 6p21.3 within the HLA class I region close to the HLA-F gene. Susceptibility loci for multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, and schizophrenia have also been mapped in this region. Alternative splicing of this gene generates multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2009]

SLC7A6 Gene

solute carrier family 7 (amino acid transporter light chain, y+L system), member 6

SLC7A1 Gene

solute carrier family 7 (cationic amino acid transporter, y+ system), member 1

LOC100271656 Gene

N-acetylneuraminic acid phosphatase pseudogene

CRABP1 Gene

cellular retinoic acid binding protein 1

This gene encodes a specific binding protein for a vitamin A family member and is thought to play an important role in retinoic acid-mediated differentiation and proliferation processes. It is structurally similar to the cellular retinol-binding proteins, but binds only retinoic acid at specific sites within the nucleus, which may contribute to vitamin A-directed differentiation in epithelial tissue. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

DAOA Gene

D-amino acid oxidase activator

This gene encodes a protein that may function as an activator of D-amino acid oxidase, which degrades the gliotransmitter D-serine, a potent activator of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) type glutamate receptors. Studies also suggest that one encoded isoform may play a role in mitochondrial function and dendritic arborization. Polymorphisms in this gene have been implicated in susceptibility to schizophrenia and bipolar affective disorder. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified.[provided by RefSeq, Mar 2011]

LIAS Gene

lipoic acid synthetase

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the biotin and lipoic acid synthetases family. It localizes in mitochondrion and plays an important role in alpha-(+)-lipoic acid synthesis. It may also function in the sulfur insertion chemistry in lipoate biosynthesis. Alternative splicing occurs at this locus and two transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SIGLEC30P Gene

sialic acid binding Ig-like lectin 30, pseudogene

STRA6 Gene

stimulated by retinoic acid 6

The protein encoded by this gene is a membrane protein involved in the metabolism of retinol. The encoded protein acts as a receptor for retinol/retinol binding protein complexes. This protein removes the retinol from the complex and transports it across the cell membrane. Defects in this gene are a cause of syndromic microphthalmia type 9 (MCOPS9). Several transcript variants encoding a few different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2008]

SIGLEC16 Gene

sialic acid binding Ig-like lectin 16 (gene/pseudogene)

SIGLEC14 Gene

sialic acid binding Ig-like lectin 14

SIGLEC15 Gene

sialic acid binding Ig-like lectin 15

SIGLEC12 Gene

sialic acid binding Ig-like lectin 12 (gene/pseudogene)

Sialic acid-binding immunoglobulin-like lectins (SIGLECs) are a family of cell surface proteins belonging to the immunoglobulin superfamily. They mediate protein-carbohydrate interactions by selectively binding to different sialic acid moieties present on glycolipids and glycoproteins. This gene encodes a member of the SIGLEC3-like subfamily of SIGLECs. Members of this subfamily are characterized by an extracellular V-set immunoglobulin-like domain followed by two C2-set immunoglobulin-like domains, and the cytoplasmic tyrosine-based motifs ITIM and SLAM-like. The encoded protein, upon tyrosine phosphorylation, has been shown to recruit the Src homology 2 domain-containing protein-tyrosine phosphatases SHP1 and SHP2. It has been suggested that the protein is involved in the negative regulation of macrophage signaling by functioning as an inhibitory receptor. This gene is located in a cluster with other SIGLEC3-like genes on 19q13.4. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2013]

SIGLEC10 Gene

sialic acid binding Ig-like lectin 10

SIGLECs are members of the immunoglobulin superfamily that are expressed on the cell surface. Most SIGLECs have 1 or more cytoplasmic immune receptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs, or ITIMs. SIGLECs are typically expressed on cells of the innate immune system, with the exception of the B-cell expressed SIGLEC6 (MIM 604405).[supplied by OMIM, Jul 2002]

SIGLEC11 Gene

sialic acid binding Ig-like lectin 11

This gene encodes a member of the sialic acid-binding immunoglobulin-like lectin family. These cell surface lectins are characterized by structural motifs in the immunoglobulin (Ig)-like domains and sialic acid recognition sites in the first Ig V set domain. This family member mediates anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive signaling. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2011]

CNBP Gene

CCHC-type zinc finger, nucleic acid binding protein

This gene encodes a nucleic-acid binding protein with seven zinc-finger domains. The protein has a preference for binding single stranded DNA and RNA. The protein functions in cap-independent translation of ornithine decarboxylase mRNA, and may also function in sterol-mediated transcriptional regulation. A CCTG expansion in the first intron of this gene results in myotonic dystrophy type 2. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SLC23A2 Gene

solute carrier family 23 (ascorbic acid transporter), member 2

The absorption of vitamin C into the body and its distribution to organs requires two sodium-dependent vitamin C transporters. This gene encodes one of the two required transporters and the encoded protein accounts for tissue-specific uptake of vitamin C. Previously, this gene had an official symbol of SLC23A1. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GBAP1 Gene

glucosidase, beta, acid pseudogene 1

LOC100128407 Gene

N-acetylneuraminic acid phosphatase pseudogene

FAAHP1 Gene

fatty acid amide hydrolase pseudogene 1

SIGLEC22P Gene

sialic acid binding Ig-like lectin 22, pseudogene

LOC100130747 Gene

N-acetylneuraminic acid phosphatase pseudogene

FABP7P2 Gene

fatty acid binding protein 7, brain pseudogene 2

FABP7P1 Gene

fatty acid binding protein 7, brain pseudogene 1

TRNAE-UUC Gene

transfer RNA glutamic acid (anticodon UUC)

This record serves to anchor the annotations of this class of tRNAs at multiple locations on the human genome. The placements are predicted using tRNAscan-SE (Lowe, T.M. and Eddy, S.R. 1997. Nucleic Acids Res. 25:955-964, PubMed 9023104).

GABRR1 Gene

gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor, rho 1

GABA is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian brain where it acts at GABA receptors, which are ligand-gated chloride channels. GABRR1 is a member of the rho subunit family. Several transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2012]

GABRR2 Gene

gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor, rho 2

GABA is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian brain where it acts at GABA receptors, which are ligand-gated chloride channels. The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the rho subunit family and is a component of the GABA receptor complex. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GABRR3 Gene

gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor, rho 3 (gene/pseudogene)

The neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) functions in the central nervous system to regulate synaptic transmission of neurons. This gene encodes one of three related subunits, which combine as homo- or hetero-pentamers to form GABA(C) receptors. In humans, some individuals contain a single-base polymorphism (dbSNP rs832032) that is predicted to inactivate the gene product. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2012]

FASN Gene

fatty acid synthase

The enzyme encoded by this gene is a multifunctional protein. Its main function is to catalyze the synthesis of palmitate from acetyl-CoA and malonyl-CoA, in the presence of NADPH, into long-chain saturated fatty acids. In some cancer cell lines, this protein has been found to be fused with estrogen receptor-alpha (ER-alpha), in which the N-terminus of FAS is fused in-frame with the C-terminus of ER-alpha. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SLC6A17 Gene

solute carrier family 6 (neutral amino acid transporter), member 17

The SLC6 family of proteins, which includes SLC6A17, acts as specific transporters for neurotransmitters, amino acids, and osmolytes like betaine, taurine, and creatine. SLC6 proteins are sodium cotransporters that derive the energy for solute transport from the electrochemical gradient for sodium ions (Hoglund et al., 2005 [PubMed 16125675]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

SLC6A15 Gene

solute carrier family 6 (neutral amino acid transporter), member 15

This gene encodes a member of the solute carrier family 6 protein family which transports neutral amino acids. The encoded protein is thought to play a role in neuronal amino acid transport (PMID: 16185194) and may be associated with major depression (PMID: 21521612). Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2012]

SLC6A14 Gene

solute carrier family 6 (amino acid transporter), member 14

This gene encodes a member of the solute carrier family 6. Members of this family are sodium and chloride dependent neurotransmitter transporters. The encoded protein transports both neutral and cationic amino acids. This protein may also function as a beta-alanine carrier. Mutations in this gene may be associated with X-linked obesity. A pseudogene of this gene is found on chromosome X.[provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

IGFALS Gene

insulin-like growth factor binding protein, acid labile subunit

The protein encoded by this gene is a serum protein that binds insulin-like growth factors, increasing their half-life and their vascular localization. Production of the encoded protein, which contains twenty leucine-rich repeats, is stimulated by growth hormone. Defects in this gene are a cause of acid-labile subunit deficiency, which maifests itself in a delayed and slow puberty. Three transcript variants encoding two different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2009]

SLC7A9 Gene

solute carrier family 7 (amino acid transporter light chain, bo,+ system), member 9

This gene encodes a protein that belongs to a family of light subunits of amino acid transporters. This protein plays a role in the high-affinity and sodium-independent transport of cystine and neutral and dibasic amino acids, and appears to function in the reabsorption of cystine in the kidney tubule. Mutations in this gene cause non-type I cystinuria, a disease that leads to cystine stones in the urinary system due to impaired transport of cystine and dibasic amino acids. Alternate transcript variants, which encode the same protein, have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2011]

RARA Gene

retinoic acid receptor, alpha

This gene represents a nuclear retinoic acid receptor. The encoded protein, retinoic acid receptor alpha, regulates transcription in a ligand-dependent manner. This gene has been implicated in regulation of development, differentiation, apoptosis, granulopoeisis, and transcription of clock genes. Translocations between this locus and several other loci have been associated with acute promyelocytic leukemia. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this locus.[provided by RefSeq, Sep 2010]

RARB Gene

retinoic acid receptor, beta

This gene encodes retinoic acid receptor beta, a member of the thyroid-steroid hormone receptor superfamily of nuclear transcriptional regulators. This receptor localizes to the cytoplasm and to subnuclear compartments. It binds retinoic acid, the biologically active form of vitamin A which mediates cellular signalling in embryonic morphogenesis, cell growth and differentiation. It is thought that this protein limits growth of many cell types by regulating gene expression. The gene was first identified in a hepatocellular carcinoma where it flanks a hepatitis B virus integration site. Alternate promoter usage and differential splicing result in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2014]

RARG Gene

retinoic acid receptor, gamma

This gene encodes a retinoic acid receptor that belongs to the nuclear hormone receptor family. Retinoic acid receptors (RARs) act as ligand-dependent transcriptional regulators. When bound to ligands, RARs activate transcription by binding as heterodimers to the retinoic acid response elements (RARE) found in the promoter regions of the target genes. In their unbound form, RARs repress transcription of their target genes. RARs are involved in various biological processes, including limb bud development, skeletal growth, and matrix homeostasis. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2011]

GABRB1 Gene

gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor, beta 1

The gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor is a multisubunit chloride channel that mediates the fastest inhibitory synaptic transmission in the central nervous system. This gene encodes GABA A receptor, beta 1 subunit. It is mapped to chromosome 4p12 in a cluster comprised of genes encoding alpha 4, alpha 2 and gamma 1 subunits of the GABA A receptor. Alteration of this gene is implicated in the pathogenetics of schizophrenia. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GABRB3 Gene

gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor, beta 3

This gene encodes a member of the ligand-gated ionic channel family. The encoded protein is one the subunits of a multi-subunit chloride channel that serves as the receptor for gamma-aminobutyric acid, a major inhibitory neurotransmitter of the mammalian nervous system. This gene is located on the long arm of chromosome 15 in a cluster with two other genes encoding related subunits of the family. This gene may be associated with the pathogenesis of several disorders including Angelman syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, nonsyndromic orofacial clefts, epilepsy and autism. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2013]

NANP Gene

N-acetylneuraminic acid phosphatase

NANS Gene

N-acetylneuraminic acid synthase

This gene encodes an enzyme that functions in the biosynthetic pathways of sialic acids. In vitro, the encoded protein uses N-acetylmannosamine 6-phosphate and mannose 6-phosphate as substrates to generate phosphorylated forms of N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac) and 2-keto-3-deoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-nononic acid (KDN), respectively; however, it exhibits much higher activity toward the Neu5Ac phosphate product. In insect cells, expression of this gene results in Neu5Ac and KDN production. This gene is related to the E. coli sialic acid synthase gene neuB, and it can partially restore sialic acid synthase activity in an E. coli neuB-negative mutant. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CRABP2 Gene

cellular retinoic acid binding protein 2

This gene encodes a member of the retinoic acid (RA, a form of vitamin A) binding protein family and lipocalin/cytosolic fatty-acid binding protein family. The protein is a cytosol-to-nuclear shuttling protein, which facilitates RA binding to its cognate receptor complex and transfer to the nucleus. It is involved in the retinoid signaling pathway, and is associated with increased circulating low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Dec 2010]

RAI1 Gene

retinoic acid induced 1

This gene is located within the Smith-Magenis syndrome region on chromosome 17. It is highly similar to its mouse counterpart and is expressed at high levels mainly in neuronal tissues. The protein encoded by this gene includes a polymorphic polyglutamine tract in the N-terminal domain. Expression of the mouse counterpart in neurons is induced by retinoic acid. This gene is associated with both the severity of the phenotype and the response to medication in schizophrenic patients. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SIGLEC25P Gene

sialic acid binding Ig-like lectin 25, pseudogene

FAAH2 Gene

fatty acid amide hydrolase 2

This gene encodes a fatty acid amide hydrolase that shares a conserved protein motif with the amidase signature family of enzymes. The encoded enzyme is able to catalyze the hydrolysis of a broad range of bioactive lipids, including those from the three main classes of fatty acid amides; N-acylethanolamines, fatty acid primary amides and N-acyl amino acids. This enzyme has a preference for monounsaturated acyl chains as a substrate.[provided by RefSeq, Sep 2009]

GBA2 Gene

glucosidase, beta (bile acid) 2

This gene encodes a microsomal beta-glucosidase that catalyzes the hydrolysis of bile acid 3-O-glucosides as endogenous compounds. Studies to determine subcellular localization of this protein in the liver indicated that the enzyme was mainly enriched in the microsomal fraction where it appeared to be confined to the endoplasmic reticulum. This putative transmembrane protein is thought to play a role in carbohydrate transport and metabolism. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GBA3 Gene

glucosidase, beta, acid 3 (gene/pseudogene)

The protein encoded by this gene is an enzyme that can hydrolyze several types of glycosides. This gene is a polymorphic pseudogene, with the most common allele being the functional allele that encodes the full-length protein. Some individuals, as represented by the reference genome allele, contain a single nucleotide polymorphism that results in a premature stop codon in the coding region, and therefore this allele is pseudogenic due to the failure to produce a functional full-length protein. Alternative splicing of this gene results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2013]

GABRQ Gene

gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor, theta

The gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor is a multisubunit chloride channel that mediates the fastest inhibitory synaptic transmission in the central nervous system. This gene encodes the theta subunit of the GABA A receptor. The gene is mapped to chromosome Xq28 in a cluster of genes including those that encode the alpha 3 and epsilon subunits of the GABA A receptor. This gene location is also the candidate region of two different neurologic diseases: early-onset parkinsonism (Waisman syndrome) and X-linked mental retardation (MRX3). [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2009]

GABRP Gene

gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor, pi

The gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor is a multisubunit chloride channel that mediates the fastest inhibitory synaptic transmission in the central nervous system. The subunit encoded by this gene is expressed in several non-neuronal tissues including the uterus and ovaries. This subunit can assemble with known GABA A receptor subunits, and the presence of this subunit alters the sensitivity of recombinant receptors to modulatory agents such as pregnanolone. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2014]

GABRE Gene

gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor, epsilon

The product of this gene belongs to the ligand-gated ionic channel (TC 1.A.9) family. It encodes the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor which is a multisubunit chloride channel that mediates the fastest inhibitory synaptic transmission in the central nervous system. This gene encodes an epsilon subunit. It is mapped to chromosome Xq28 in a cluster comprised of genes encoding alpha 3, beta 4 and theta subunits of the same receptor. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been identified, but only one is thought to encode a protein. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2008]

GABRD Gene

gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor, delta

Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian brain where it acts at GABA-A receptors, which are ligand-gated chloride channels. Chloride conductance of these channels can be modulated by agents such as benzodiazepines that bind to the GABA-A receptor. The GABA-A receptor is generally pentameric and there are five types of subunits: alpha, beta, gamma, delta, and rho. This gene encodes the delta subunit. Mutations in this gene have been associated with susceptibility to generalized epilepsy with febrile seizures, type 5. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described for this gene, but their biological validity has not been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TRDMT1 Gene

tRNA aspartic acid methyltransferase 1

This gene encodes a protein responsible for the methylation of aspartic acid transfer RNA, specifically at the cytosine-38 residue in the anticodon loop. This enzyme also possesses residual DNA-(cytosine-C5) methyltransferase activity. While similar in sequence and structure to DNA cytosine methyltransferases, this gene is distinct and highly conserved in its function among taxa. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2010]

HCAR3 Gene

hydroxycarboxylic acid receptor 3

HCAR2 Gene

hydroxycarboxylic acid receptor 2

HCAR1 Gene

hydroxycarboxylic acid receptor 1

G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs, or GPRs), such as GPR81, contain 7 transmembrane domains and transduce extracellular signals through heterotrimeric G proteins.[supplied by OMIM, Feb 2005]

CSAD Gene

cysteine sulfinic acid decarboxylase

This gene encodes a member of the group 2 decarboxylase family. A similar protein in rodents plays a role in multiple biological processes as the rate-limiting enzyme in taurine biosynthesis, catalyzing the decarboxylation of cysteinesulfinate to hypotaurine. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2011]

SLC27A5 Gene

solute carrier family 27 (fatty acid transporter), member 5

The protein encoded by this gene is an isozyme of very long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase (VLCS). It is capable of activating very long-chain fatty-acids containing 24- and 26-carbons. It is expressed in liver and associated with endoplasmic reticulum but not with peroxisomes. Its primary role is in fatty acid elongation or complex lipid synthesis rather than in degradation. This gene has a mouse ortholog. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SLC27A4 Gene

solute carrier family 27 (fatty acid transporter), member 4

This gene encodes a member of a family of fatty acid transport proteins, which are involved in translocation of long-chain fatty acids cross the plasma membrane. This protein is expressed at high levels on the apical side of mature enterocytes in the small intestine, and appears to be the principal fatty acid transporter in enterocytes. Clinical studies suggest this gene as a candidate gene for the insulin resistance syndrome. Mutations in this gene have been associated with ichthyosis prematurity syndrome. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2010]

SLC27A6 Gene

solute carrier family 27 (fatty acid transporter), member 6

This gene encodes a member of the fatty acid transport protein family (FATP). FATPs are involved in the uptake of long-chain fatty acids and have unique expression patterns. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SLC27A3 Gene

solute carrier family 27 (fatty acid transporter), member 3

SLC27A2 Gene

solute carrier family 27 (fatty acid transporter), member 2

The protein encoded by this gene is an isozyme of long-chain fatty-acid-coenzyme A ligase family. Although differing in substrate specificity, subcellular localization, and tissue distribution, all isozymes of this family convert free long-chain fatty acids into fatty acyl-CoA esters, and thereby play a key role in lipid biosynthesis and fatty acid degradation. This isozyme activates long-chain, branched-chain and very-long-chain fatty acids containing 22 or more carbons to their CoA derivatives. It is expressed primarily in liver and kidney, and is present in both endoplasmic reticulum and peroxisomes, but not in mitochondria. Its decreased peroxisomal enzyme activity is in part responsible for the biochemical pathology in X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2009]

LPAR2 Gene

lysophosphatidic acid receptor 2

This gene encodes a member of family I of the G protein-coupled receptors, as well as the EDG family of proteins. This protein functions as a lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) receptor and contributes to Ca2+ mobilization, a critical cellular response to LPA in cells, through association with Gi and Gq proteins. An alternative splice variant has been described but its full length sequence has not been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LPAR3 Gene

lysophosphatidic acid receptor 3

This gene encodes a member of the G protein-coupled receptor family, as well as the EDG family of proteins. This protein functions as a cellular receptor for lysophosphatidic acid and mediates lysophosphatidic acid-evoked calcium mobilization. This receptor couples predominantly to G(q/11) alpha proteins. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LPAR6 Gene

lysophosphatidic acid receptor 6

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the family of G-protein coupled receptors, that are preferentially activated by adenosine and uridine nucleotides. This gene aligns with an internal intron of the retinoblastoma susceptibility gene in the reverse orientation. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2009]

LPAR4 Gene

lysophosphatidic acid receptor 4

This gene encodes a member of the lysophosphatidic acid receptor family. It may also be related to the P2Y receptors, a family of receptors that bind purine and pyrimidine nucleotides and are coupled to G proteins. The encoded protein may play a role in monocytic differentiation. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2009]

LPAR5 Gene

lysophosphatidic acid receptor 5

This gene encodes a member of the rhodopsin class of G protein-coupled transmembrane receptors. This protein transmits extracellular signals from lysophosphatidic acid to cells through heterotrimeric G proteins and mediates numerous cellular processes. Many G protein receptors serve as targets for pharmaceutical drugs. Transcript variants of this gene have been described.[provided by RefSeq, Dec 2008]

SLC7A8 Gene

solute carrier family 7 (amino acid transporter light chain, L system), member 8

SLC7A7 Gene

solute carrier family 7 (amino acid transporter light chain, y+L system), member 7

The protein encoded by this gene is the light subunit of a cationic amino acid transporter. This sodium-independent transporter is formed when the light subunit encoded by this gene dimerizes with the heavy subunit transporter protein SLC3A2. This transporter is found in epithelial cell membranes where it transfers cationic and large neutral amino acids from the cell to the extracellular space. Defects in this gene are a cause of lysinuric protein intolerance (LPI). Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2011]

SLC7A5 Gene

solute carrier family 7 (amino acid transporter light chain, L system), member 5

SLC7A2 Gene

solute carrier family 7 (cationic amino acid transporter, y+ system), member 2

The protein encoded by this gene is a cationic amino acid transporter and a member of the APC (amino acid-polyamine-organocation) family of transporters. The encoded membrane protein is responsible for the cellular uptake of arginine, lysine and ornithine. Three transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2011]

SLC7A3 Gene

solute carrier family 7 (cationic amino acid transporter, y+ system), member 3

This gene encodes a member of the solute carrier family 7. The encoded protein is a sodium-independent cationic amino acid transporter. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcripts that encoded the same protein.[provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

FADS1 Gene

fatty acid desaturase 1

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the fatty acid desaturase (FADS) gene family. Desaturase enzymes regulate unsaturation of fatty acids through the introduction of double bonds between defined carbons of the fatty acyl chain. FADS family members are considered fusion products composed of an N-terminal cytochrome b5-like domain and a C-terminal multiple membrane-spanning desaturase portion, both of which are characterized by conserved histidine motifs. This gene is clustered with family members FADS1 and FADS2 at 11q12-q13.1; this cluster is thought to have arisen evolutionarily from gene duplication based on its similar exon/intron organization. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

FADS3 Gene

fatty acid desaturase 3

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the fatty acid desaturase (FADS) gene family. Desaturase enzymes regulate unsaturation of fatty acids through the introduction of double bonds between defined carbons of the fatty acyl chain. FADS family members are considered fusion products composed of an N-terminal cytochrome b5-like domain and a C-terminal multiple membrane-spanning desaturase portion, both of which are characterized by conserved histidine motifs. This gene is clustered with family members FADS1 and FADS2 at 11q12-q13.1; this cluster is thought to have arisen evolutionarily from gene duplication based on its similar exon/intron organization. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

FADS2 Gene

fatty acid desaturase 2

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the fatty acid desaturase (FADS) gene family. Desaturase enzymes regulate unsaturation of fatty acids through the introduction of double bonds between defined carbons of the fatty acyl chain. FADS family members are considered fusion products composed of an N-terminal cytochrome b5-like domain and a C-terminal multiple membrane-spanning desaturase portion, both of which are characterized by conserved histidine motifs. This gene is clustered with family members at 11q12-q13.1; this cluster is thought to have arisen evolutionarily from gene duplication based on its similar exon/intron organization. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2013]

FADS6 Gene

fatty acid desaturase 6

FABP5P1 Gene

fatty acid binding protein 5 pseudogene 1

FABP5P3 Gene

fatty acid binding protein 5 pseudogene 3

FABP5P2 Gene

fatty acid binding protein 5 pseudogene 2

FABP5P5 Gene

fatty acid binding protein 5 pseudogene 5

FABP5P4 Gene

fatty acid binding protein 5 pseudogene 4

FABP5P7 Gene

fatty acid binding protein 5 pseudogene 7

FABP5P6 Gene

fatty acid binding protein 5 pseudogene 6

FABP5P9 Gene

fatty acid binding protein 5 pseudogene 9

FABP5P8 Gene

fatty acid binding protein 5 pseudogene 8

GPBAR1 Gene

G protein-coupled bile acid receptor 1

This gene encodes a member of the G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) superfamily. This enzyme functions as a cell surface receptor for bile acids. Treatment of cells expressing this GPCR with bile acids induces the production of intracellular cAMP, activation of a MAP kinase signaling pathway, and internalization of the receptor. The receptor is implicated in the suppression of macrophage functions and regulation of energy homeostasis by bile acids. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding the same protein. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC100422417 Gene

solute carrier family 6 (amino acid transporter), member 14 pseudogene

SIGLEC28P Gene

sialic acid binding Ig-like lectin 28, pseudogene

ASAH1 Gene

N-acylsphingosine amidohydrolase (acid ceramidase) 1

This gene encodes a heterodimeric protein consisting of a nonglycosylated alpha subunit and a glycosylated beta subunit that is cleaved to the mature enzyme posttranslationally. The encoded protein catalyzes the synthesis and degradation of ceramide into sphingosine and fatty acid. Mutations in this gene have been associated with a lysosomal storage disorder known as Farber disease. Multiple transcript variants encoding several distinct isoforms have been identified for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC105369259 Gene

putative L-type amino acid transporter 1-like protein MLAS

GABRG3 Gene

gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor, gamma 3

This gene encodes a gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor. GABA is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian brain where it acts at GABA-A receptors, which are ligand-gated chloride channels. Chloride conductance of these channels can be modulated by agents such as benzodiazepines that bind to the GABA-A receptor. GABA-A receptors are pentameric, consisting of proteins from several subunit classes: alpha, beta, gamma, delta and rho. The protein encoded by this gene is a gamma subunit, which contains the benzodiazepine binding site. Two transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2012]

GABRG2 Gene

gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor, gamma 2

This gene encodes a gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor. GABA is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammlian brain, where it acts at GABA-A receptors, which are ligand-gated chloride channels. GABA-A receptors are pentameric, consisting of proteins from several subunit classes: alpha, beta, gamma, delta and rho. Mutations in this gene have been associated with epilepsy and febrile seizures. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GABRG1 Gene

gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor, gamma 1

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the ligand-gated ionic channel family. It is an integral membrane protein and plays an important role in inhibiting neurotransmission by binding to the benzodiazepine receptor and opening an integral chloride channel. This gene is clustered with three other family members on chromosome 4. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SIGLEC20P Gene

sialic acid binding Ig-like lectin 20, pseudogene

GCN1L1 Gene

GCN1 general control of amino-acid synthesis 1-like 1 (yeast)

RARRES2 Gene

retinoic acid receptor responder (tazarotene induced) 2

This gene encodes a secreted chemotactic protein that initiates chemotaxis via the ChemR23 G protein-coupled seven-transmembrane domain ligand. Expression of this gene is upregulated by the synthetic retinoid tazarotene and occurs in a wide variety of tissues. The active protein has several roles, including that as an adipokine and as an antimicrobial protein with activity against bacteria and fungi. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2014]

RARRES3 Gene

retinoic acid receptor responder (tazarotene induced) 3

Retinoids exert biologic effects such as potent growth inhibitory and cell differentiation activities and are used in the treatment of hyperproliferative dermatological diseases. These effects are mediated by specific nuclear receptor proteins that are members of the steroid and thyroid hormone receptor superfamily of transcriptional regulators. RARRES1, RARRES2, and RARRES3 are genes whose expression is upregulated by the synthetic retinoid tazarotene. RARRES3 is thought act as a tumor suppressor or growth regulator. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

RARRES1 Gene

retinoic acid receptor responder (tazarotene induced) 1

This gene was identified as a retinoid acid (RA) receptor-responsive gene. It encodes a type 1 membrane protein. The expression of this gene is upregulated by tazarotene as well as by retinoic acid receptors. The expression of this gene is found to be downregulated in prostate cancer, which is caused by the methylation of its promoter and CpG island. Alternatively spliced transcript variant encoding distinct isoforms have been observed. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SIAE Gene

sialic acid acetylesterase

This gene encodes an enzyme which removes 9-O-acetylation modifications from sialic acids. Mutations in this gene are associated with susceptibility to autoimmune disease 6. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms, found either in the cytosol or in the lysosome, have been found for this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Feb 2011]

LOC102723333 Gene

retinoic acid receptor responder protein 2 pseudogene

ATHL1 Gene

ATH1, acid trehalase-like 1 (yeast)

FABP5P15 Gene

fatty acid binding protein 5 pseudogene 15

FABP5P14 Gene

fatty acid binding protein 5 pseudogene 14

FABP5P10 Gene

fatty acid binding protein 5 pseudogene 10

FABP5P12 Gene

fatty acid binding protein 5 pseudogene 12

NABP2 Gene

nucleic acid binding protein 2

Single-stranded DNA (ssDNA)-binding proteins, such as OBFC2B, are ubiquitous and essential for a variety of DNA metabolic processes, including replication, recombination, and detection and repair of damage (Richard et al., 2008 [PubMed 18449195]).[supplied by OMIM, Jun 2008]

NABP1 Gene

nucleic acid binding protein 1

Single-stranded DNA (ssDNA)-binding proteins, such as OBFC2A, are ubiquitous and essential for a variety of DNA metabolic processes, including replication, recombination, and detection and repair of damage (Richard et al., 2008 [PubMed 18449195]).[supplied by OMIM, Jun 2008]

SLC27A1 Gene

solute carrier family 27 (fatty acid transporter), member 1

LOC284379 Gene

solute carrier family 7 (cationic amino acid transporter, y+ system), member 3 pseudogene

ATRAID Gene

all-trans retinoic acid-induced differentiation factor

This gene is thought to be involved in apoptosis, and may also be involved in hematopoietic development and differentiation. The use of alternative splice sites and promotors result in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms.[provided by RefSeq, Dec 2009]

SLC10A2 Gene

solute carrier family 10 (sodium/bile acid cotransporter), member 2

This gene encodes a sodium/bile acid cotransporter. This transporter is the primary mechanism for uptake of intestinal bile acids by apical cells in the distal ileum. Bile acids are the catabolic product of cholesterol metabolism, so this protein is also critical for cholesterol homeostasis. Mutations in this gene cause primary bile acid malabsorption (PBAM); muatations in this gene may also be associated with other diseases of the liver and intestines, such as familial hypertriglyceridemia (FHTG). [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2010]

SLC10A6 Gene

solute carrier family 10 (sodium/bile acid cotransporter), member 6

LOC105372490 Gene

sialic acid-binding Ig-like lectin 14

PIPOX Gene

pipecolic acid oxidase

BCAT2 Gene

branched chain amino-acid transaminase 2, mitochondrial

This gene encodes a branched chain aminotransferase found in mitochondria. The encoded protein forms a dimer that catalyzes the first step in the production of the branched chain amino acids leucine, isoleucine, and valine. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2009]

BCAT1 Gene

branched chain amino-acid transaminase 1, cytosolic

This gene encodes the cytosolic form of the enzyme branched-chain amino acid transaminase. This enzyme catalyzes the reversible transamination of branched-chain alpha-keto acids to branched-chain L-amino acids essential for cell growth. Two different clinical disorders have been attributed to a defect of branched-chain amino acid transamination: hypervalinemia and hyperleucine-isoleucinemia. As there is also a gene encoding a mitochondrial form of this enzyme, mutations in either gene may contribute to these disorders. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described. [provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

SLC43A2 Gene

solute carrier family 43 (amino acid system L transporter), member 2

System L amino acid transporters, such as SLC43A2, mediate sodium-independent transport of bulky neutral amino acids across cell membranes (Bodoy et al., 2005 [PubMed 15659399]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

SLC43A1 Gene

solute carrier family 43 (amino acid system L transporter), member 1

SLC43A1 belongs to the system L family of plasma membrane carrier proteins that transports large neutral amino acids (Babu et al., 2003 [PubMed 12930836]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

TRNAE-CUC Gene

transfer RNA glutamic acid (anticodon CUC)

This record serves to anchor the annotations of this class of tRNAs at multiple locations on the human genome. The placements are predicted using tRNAscan-SE (Lowe, T.M. and Eddy, S.R. 1997. Nucleic Acids Res. 25:955-964, PubMed 9023104).

UAQTL6 Gene

Uric acid concentration, serum, QTL6

UAQTL5 Gene

Uric acid concentration, serum, QTL5

UAQTL4 Gene

Uric acid concentration, serum, QTL4

UAQTL3 Gene

Uric acid concentration, serum, QTL3

FABP12 Gene

fatty acid binding protein 12

SIGLEC17P Gene

sialic acid binding Ig-like lectin 17, pseudogene

GBA Gene

glucosidase, beta, acid

This gene encodes a lysosomal membrane protein that cleaves the beta-glucosidic linkage of glycosylceramide, an intermediate in glycolipid metabolism. Mutations in this gene cause Gaucher disease, a lysosomal storage disease characterized by an accumulation of glucocerebrosides. A related pseudogene is approximately 12 kb downstream of this gene on chromosome 1. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2010]

SLC3A2 Gene

solute carrier family 3 (amino acid transporter heavy chain), member 2

This gene is a member of the solute carrier family and encodes a cell surface, transmembrane protein. The protein exists as the heavy chain of a heterodimer, covalently bound through di-sulfide bonds to one of several possible light chains. The encoded transporter plays a role in regulation of intracellular calcium levels and transports L-type amino acids. Alternatively spliced transcript variants, encoding different isoforms, have been characterized. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2010]

SLC3A1 Gene

solute carrier family 3 (amino acid transporter heavy chain), member 1

This gene encodes a type II membrane glycoprotein which is one of the components of the renal amino acid transporter which transports neutral and basic amino acids in the renal tubule and intestinal tract. Mutations and deletions in this gene are associated with cystinuria. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described, but their biological validity has not been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

MGARP Gene

mitochondria-localized glutamic acid-rich protein

PPAP2C Gene

phosphatidic acid phosphatase type 2C

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the phosphatidic acid phosphatase (PAP) family. PAPs convert phosphatidic acid to diacylglycerol, and function in de novo synthesis of glycerolipids as well as in receptor-activated signal transduction mediated by phospholipase D. This protein is similar to phosphatidic acid phosphatase type 2A (PPAP2A) and type 2B (PPAP2B). All three proteins contain 6 transmembrane regions, and a consensus N-glycosylation site. This protein has been shown to possess membrane associated PAP activity. Three alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been reported. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PPAP2B Gene

phosphatidic acid phosphatase type 2B

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the phosphatidic acid phosphatase (PAP) family. PAPs convert phosphatidic acid to diacylglycerol, and function in de novo synthesis of glycerolipids as well as in receptor-activated signal transduction mediated by phospholipase D. This protein is a membrane glycoprotein localized at the cell plasma membrane. It has been shown to actively hydrolyze extracellular lysophosphatidic acid and short-chain phosphatidic acid. The expression of this gene is found to be enhanced by epidermal growth factor in Hela cells. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2010]

PPAP2A Gene

phosphatidic acid phosphatase type 2A

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the phosphatidic acid phosphatase (PAP) family. PAPs convert phosphatidic acid to diacylglycerol, and function in synthesis of glycerolipids and in phospholipase D-mediated signal transduction. This enzyme is an integral membrane glycoprotein that plays a role in the hydrolysis and uptake of lipids from extracellular space. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants of this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2013]

LOC401767 Gene

1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase 6 (lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase, zeta) pseudogene

STRA8 Gene

stimulated by retinoic acid 8

This gene encodes a retinoic acid-responsive protein. A homologous protein in mouse has been shown to be involved in the regulation of meiotic initiation in both spermatogenesis and oogenesis, though feature differences between the mouse and human proteins suggest that these homologs are not entirely functionally equivalent. It is thought that this gene may play a role in spermatogenesis in humans. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2010]

BRINP3 Gene

bone morphogenetic protein/retinoic acid inducible neural-specific 3

BRINP2 Gene

bone morphogenetic protein/retinoic acid inducible neural-specific 2

BRINP1 Gene

bone morphogenetic protein/retinoic acid inducible neural-specific 1

This gene is located within a chromosomal region that shows loss of heterozygosity in some bladder cancers. It contains a 5' CpG island that may be a frequent target of hypermethylation, and it may undergo hypermethylation-based silencing in some bladder cancers. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SLC9C1 Gene

solute carrier family 9, subfamily C (Na+-transporting carboxylic acid decarboxylase), member 1

SLC9A10 is a member of the sodium-hydrogen exchanger (NHE) family (see SLC9A1, MIM 107310) and is required for male fertility and sperm motility (Wang et al., 2003 [PubMed 14634667]).[supplied by OMIM, Apr 2009]

PAPL Gene

iron/zinc purple acid phosphatase-like protein

Purple acid phosphatases (PAPs), including PAPL, are a family of binuclear metallohydrolases that have been identified in plants, animals, and fungi (Flanagan et al., 2006 [PubMed 16793224]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

TRNAD-GUC Gene

transfer RNA aspartic acid (anticodon GUC)

This record serves to anchor the annotations of this class of tRNAs at multiple locations on the human genome. The placements are predicted using tRNAscan-SE (Lowe, T.M. and Eddy, S.R. 1997. Nucleic Acids Res. 25:955-964, PubMed 9023104).

SLC23A1 Gene

solute carrier family 23 (ascorbic acid transporter), member 1

The absorption of vitamin C into the body and its distribution to organs requires two sodium-dependent vitamin C transporters. This gene encodes one of the two transporters. The encoded protein is active in bulk vitamin C transport involving epithelial surfaces. Previously, this gene had an official symbol of SLC23A2. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2008]

FABP6 Gene

fatty acid binding protein 6, ileal

This gene encodes the ileal fatty acid binding protein. Fatty acid binding proteins are a family of small, highly conserved, cytoplasmic proteins that bind long-chain fatty acids and other hydrophobic ligands. FABP6 and FABP1 (the liver fatty acid binding protein) are also able to bind bile acids. It is thought that FABPs roles include fatty acid uptake, transport, and metabolism. Transcript variants generated by alternate transcription promoters and/or alternate splicing have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

FABP7 Gene

fatty acid binding protein 7, brain

The protein encoded by this gene is a brain fatty acid binding protein. Fatty acid binding proteins (FABPs) are a family of small, highly conserved, cytoplasmic proteins that bind long-chain fatty acids and other hydrophobic ligands. FABPs are thought to play roles in fatty acid uptake, transport, and metabolism. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

FABP4 Gene

fatty acid binding protein 4, adipocyte

FABP4 encodes the fatty acid binding protein found in adipocytes. Fatty acid binding proteins are a family of small, highly conserved, cytoplasmic proteins that bind long-chain fatty acids and other hydrophobic ligands. It is thought that FABPs roles include fatty acid uptake, transport, and metabolism. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

FABP5 Gene

fatty acid binding protein 5 (psoriasis-associated)

This gene encodes the fatty acid binding protein found in epidermal cells, and was first identified as being upregulated in psoriasis tissue. Fatty acid binding proteins are a family of small, highly conserved, cytoplasmic proteins that bind long-chain fatty acids and other hydrophobic ligands. FABPs may play roles in fatty acid uptake, transport, and metabolism. Polymorphisms in this gene are associated with type 2 diabetes. The human genome contains many pseudogenes similar to this locus.[provided by RefSeq, Feb 2011]

FABP2 Gene

fatty acid binding protein 2, intestinal

The intracellular fatty acid-binding proteins (FABPs) belong to a multigene family with nearly twenty identified members. FABPs are divided into at least three distinct types, namely the hepatic-, intestinal- and cardiac-type. They form 14-15 kDa proteins and are thought to participate in the uptake, intracellular metabolism and/or transport of long-chain fatty acids. They may also be responsible in the modulation of cell growth and proliferation. Intestinal fatty acid-binding protein 2 gene contains four exons and is an abundant cytosolic protein in small intestine epithelial cells. This gene has a polymorphism at codon 54 that identified an alanine-encoding allele and a threonine-encoding allele. Thr-54 protein is associated with increased fat oxidation and insulin resistance. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

FABP3 Gene

fatty acid binding protein 3, muscle and heart

The intracellular fatty acid-binding proteins (FABPs) belongs to a multigene family. FABPs are divided into at least three distinct types, namely the hepatic-, intestinal- and cardiac-type. They form 14-15 kDa proteins and are thought to participate in the uptake, intracellular metabolism and/or transport of long-chain fatty acids. They may also be responsible in the modulation of cell growth and proliferation. Fatty acid-binding protein 3 gene contains four exons and its function is to arrest growth of mammary epithelial cells. This gene is a candidate tumor suppressor gene for human breast cancer. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GABRA5 Gene

gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor, alpha 5

GABA is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian brain where it acts at GABA-A receptors, which are ligand-gated chloride channels. Chloride conductance of these channels can be modulated by agents such as benzodiazepines that bind to the GABA-A receptor. At least 16 distinct subunits of GABA-A receptors have been identified. Transcript variants utilizing three different alternative non-coding first exons have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GABRA4 Gene

gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor, alpha 4

Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian brain where it acts at GABA-A receptors, which are ligand-gated chloride channels. Chloride conductance of these channels can be modulated by agents such as benzodiazepines that bind to the GABA-A receptor. At least 16 distinct subunits of GABA-A receptors have been identified. This gene encodes subunit alpha-4, which is involved in the etiology of autism and eventually increases autism risk through interaction with another subunit, gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor beta-1 (GABRB1). Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found in this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Feb 2011]

GABRA6 Gene

gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor, alpha 6

GABA is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian brain where it acts at GABA-A receptors, which are ligand-gated chloride channels. Chloride conductance of these channels can be modulated by agents such as benzodiazepines that bind to the GABA-A receptor. At least 16 distinct subunits of GABA-A receptors have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GABRA1 Gene

gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor, alpha 1

This gene encodes a gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor. GABA is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian brain where it acts at GABA-A receptors, which are ligand-gated chloride channels. Chloride conductance of these channels can be modulated by agents such as benzodiazepines that bind to the GABA-A receptor. GABA-A receptors are pentameric, consisting of proteins from several subunit classes: alpha, beta, gamma, delta and rho. Mutations in this gene cause juvenile myoclonic epilepsy and childhood absence epilepsy type 4. Multiple transcript variants encoding the same protein have been identified for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GABRA3 Gene

gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor, alpha 3

GABA is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian brain where it acts at GABA-A receptors, which are ligand-gated chloride channels. Chloride conductance of these channels can be modulated by agents such as benzodiazepines that bind to the GABA-A receptor. At least 16 distinct subunits of GABA-A receptors have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GABRA2 Gene

gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor, alpha 2

GABA is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian brain where it acts at GABA-A receptors, which are ligand-gated chloride channels. Chloride conductance of these channels can be modulated by agents such as benzodiazepines that bind to the GABA-A receptor. At least 16 distinct subunits of GABA-A receptors have been identified. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2013]

LOC100422432 Gene

solute carrier family 6 (amino acid transporter), member 14 pseudogene

SIGLEC21P Gene

sialic acid binding Ig-like lectin 21, pseudogene

SIGLEC8 Gene

sialic acid binding Ig-like lectin 8

Sialic acid-binding immunoglobulin (Ig)-like lectins, or SIGLECs (e.g., CD33 (MIM 159590)), are a family of type 1 transmembrane proteins each having a unique expression pattern, mostly in hemopoietic cells. SIGLEC8 is a member of the CD33-like subgroup of SIGLECs, which are localized to 19q13.3-q13.4 and have 2 conserved cytoplasmic tyrosine-based motifs: an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif, or ITIM (see MIM 604964), and a motif homologous to one identified in signaling lymphocyte activation molecule (SLAM; MIM 603492) that mediates an association with SLAM-associated protein (SAP; MIM 300490) (summarized by Foussias et al., 2000 [PubMed 11095983]).[supplied by OMIM, May 2010]

SIGLEC9 Gene

sialic acid binding Ig-like lectin 9

SIGLEC5 Gene

sialic acid binding Ig-like lectin 5

This gene encodes a member of the sialic acid-binding immunoglobulin-like lectin (Siglec) family. These cell surface lectins are characterized by structural motifs in the immunoglobulin (Ig)-like domains and sialic acid recognition sites in the first Ig V set domain. The encoded protein is a member of the CD33-related subset of Siglecs and inhibits the activation of several cell types including monocytes, macrophages and neutrophils. Binding of group B Streptococcus (GBS) to the encoded protein plays a role in GBS immune evasion. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2012]

SIGLEC6 Gene

sialic acid binding Ig-like lectin 6

SIGLEC7 Gene

sialic acid binding Ig-like lectin 7

SIGLEC1 Gene

sialic acid binding Ig-like lectin 1, sialoadhesin

This gene encodes a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily. The encoded protein is a lectin-like adhesion molecule that binds glycoconjugate ligands on cell surfaces in a sialic acid-dependent manner. It is a type I transmembrane protein expressed only by a subpopulation of macrophages and is involved in mediating cell-cell interactions. Alternative splicing produces a transcript variant encoding an isoform that is soluble rather than membrane-bound; however, the full-length nature of this variant has not been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

FFAR4 Gene

free fatty acid receptor 4

This gene encodes a G protein-coupled receptor (GPR) which belongs to the rhodopsin family of GPRs. The encoded protein functions as a receptor for free fatty acids, including omega-3, and participates in suppressing anti-inflammatory responses and insulin sensitizing. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2012]

RAET1K Gene

retinoic acid early transcript 1K pseudogene

RAET1M Gene

retinoic acid early transcript 1M pseudogene

GLCE Gene

glucuronic acid epimerase

Heparan sulfate (HS) is a negatively charged cell surface polysaccharide required for the biologic activities of circulating extracellular ligands. GLCE is responsible for epimerization of D-glucuronic acid (GlcA) to L-iduronic acid (IdoA) of HS, which endows the nascent polysaccharide chain with the ability to bind growth factors and cytokines (Ghiselli and Agrawal, 2005 [PubMed 15853773]).[supplied by OMIM, Jun 2008]

SIGLEC26P Gene

sialic acid binding Ig-like lectin 26, pseudogene

GABBR2 Gene

gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) B receptor, 2

The multi-pass membrane protein encoded by this gene belongs to the G-protein coupled receptor 3 family and GABA-B receptor subfamily. The GABA-B receptors inhibit neuronal activity through G protein-coupled second-messenger systems, which regulate the release of neurotransmitters, and the activity of ion channels and adenylyl cyclase. This receptor subunit forms an active heterodimeric complex with GABA-B receptor subunit 1, neither of which is effective on its own. Allelic variants of this gene have been associated with nicotine dependence.[provided by RefSeq, Jan 2010]

SIGLEC18P Gene

sialic acid binding Ig-like lectin 18, pseudogene

GAA Gene

glucosidase, alpha; acid

This gene encodes acid alpha-glucosidase, which is essential for the degradation of glycogen to glucose in lysosomes. Different forms of acid alpha-glucosidase are obtained by proteolytic processing. Defects in this gene are the cause of glycogen storage disease II, also known as Pompe's disease, which is an autosomal recessive disorder with a broad clinical spectrum. Three transcript variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

FABP1 Gene

fatty acid binding protein 1, liver

This gene encodes the fatty acid binding protein found in liver. Fatty acid binding proteins are a family of small, highly conserved, cytoplasmic proteins that bind long-chain fatty acids and other hydrophobic ligands. This protein and FABP6 (the ileal fatty acid binding protein) are also able to bind bile acids. It is thought that FABPs roles include fatty acid uptake, transport, and metabolism. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2011]

SLC16A10 Gene

solute carrier family 16 (aromatic amino acid transporter), member 10

SLC16A10 is a member of a family of plasma membrane amino acid transporters that mediate the Na(+)-independent transport of aromatic amino acids across the plasma membrane.[supplied by OMIM, Apr 2004]

RAI2 Gene

retinoic acid induced 2

Retinoic acid plays a critical role in development, cellular growth, and differentiation. The specific function of this retinoic acid-induced gene has not yet been determined but it may play a role in development. The chromosomal location of this gene designates it to be a candidate for diseases such as Nance-Horan syndrome, sensorineural deafness, non-specific X-linked mental retardation, oral-facial-digital syndrome, and Fried syndrome. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2010]

SIGLEC31P Gene

sialic acid binding Ig-like lectin 31, pseudogene

SLC7A5P1 Gene

solute carrier family 7 (amino acid transporter light chain, L system), member 5 pseudogene 1

This locus represents a transcribed pseudogene of the L-type amino acid transporter 1. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SLC7A5P2 Gene

solute carrier family 7 (amino acid transporter light chain, L system), member 5 pseudogene 2

RAE1 Gene

ribonucleic acid export 1

Mutations in the Schizosaccharomyces pombe Rae1 and Saccharomyces cerevisiae Gle2 genes have been shown to result in accumulation of poly(A)-containing mRNA in the nucleus, suggesting that the encoded proteins are involved in RNA export. The protein encoded by this gene is a homolog of yeast Rae1. It contains four WD40 motifs, and has been shown to localize to distinct foci in the nucleoplasm, to the nuclear rim, and to meshwork-like structures throughout the cytoplasm. This gene is thought to be involved in nucleocytoplasmic transport, and in directly or indirectly attaching cytoplasmic mRNPs to the cytoskeleton. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SIGLEC29P Gene

sialic acid binding Ig-like lectin 29, pseudogene

LOC100422614 Gene

solute carrier family 7 (anionic amino acid transporter), member 13 pseudogene

LOC100422610 Gene

solute carrier family 7 (cationic amino acid transporter, y+ system), member 3 pseudogene

FA2H Gene

fatty acid 2-hydroxylase

This gene encodes a protein that catalyzes the synthesis of 2-hydroxysphingolipids, a subset of sphingolipids that contain 2-hydroxy fatty acids. Sphingolipids play roles in many cellular processes and their structural diversity arises from modification of the hydrophobic ceramide moiety, such as by 2-hydroxylation of the N-acyl chain, and the existence of many different head groups. Mutations in this gene have been associated with leukodystrophy dysmyelinating with spastic paraparesis with or without dystonia.[provided by RefSeq, Mar 2010]

SLC6A19 Gene

solute carrier family 6 (neutral amino acid transporter), member 19

This gene encodes a system B(0) transmembrane protein that actively transports most neutral amino acids across the apical membrane of epithelial cells. Mutations in this gene result in Hartnup disorder. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SLC6A18 Gene

solute carrier family 6 (neutral amino acid transporter), member 18

The SLC6 family of proteins, which includes SLC6A18, act as specific transporters for neurotransmitters, amino acids, and osmolytes like betaine, taurine, and creatine. SLC6 proteins are sodium cotransporters that derive the energy for solute transport from the electrochemical gradient for sodium ions (Hoglund et al., 2005 [PubMed 16125675]).[supplied by OMIM, Apr 2010]

STRA13 Gene

stimulated by retinoic acid 13

LOC101060604 Gene

putative L-type amino acid transporter 1-like protein IMAA

FADS2P1 Gene

fatty acid desaturase 2 pseudogene 1

FABP9 Gene

fatty acid binding protein 9, testis

RARRES2P8 Gene

retinoic acid receptor responder (tazarotene induced) 2 pseudogene 8

RARRES2P2 Gene

retinoic acid receptor responder (tazarotene induced) 2 pseudogene 2

RARRES2P1 Gene

retinoic acid receptor responder (tazarotene induced) 2 pseudogene 1

RARRES2P4 Gene

retinoic acid receptor responder (tazarotene induced) 2 pseudogene 4

KAR Gene

Aromatic alpha-keto acid reductase

FFAR2 Gene

free fatty acid receptor 2

This gene encodes a member of the GP40 family of G protein-coupled receptors that are clustered together on chromosome 19. The encoded protein is a receptor for short chain free fatty acids and may be involved in the inflammatory response and in regulating lipid plasma levels. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2009]

FFAR3 Gene

free fatty acid receptor 3

RAET1E Gene

retinoic acid early transcript 1E

This gene belong to the RAET1 family, which consists of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I-related genes located in a cluster on chromosome 6q24.2-q25.3. This and RAET1G protein differ from other RAET1 proteins in that they have type I membrane-spanning sequences at their C termini rather than glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor sequences. This protein functions as a ligand for NKG2D receptor, which is expressed on the surface of several types of immune cells, and is involved in innate and adaptive immune responses. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Aug 2011]

RAET1G Gene

retinoic acid early transcript 1G

Members of the RAET1 family, such as RAET1G, are major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I-related genes located within a 180-kb cluster on chromosome 6q24.2-q25.3. RAET1 proteins contain MHC class I-like alpha-1 and alpha-2 domains. RAET1E (MIM 609243) and RAET1G differ from the other RAET1 proteins (e.g., RAET1I, or ULBP1; MIM 605697) in that they have type I membrane-spanning sequences at their C termini rather than glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor sequences. (Radosavljevic et al., 2002 [PubMed 11827464]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

RAET1F Gene

retinoic acid early transcript 1F pseudogene

RAET1L Gene

retinoic acid early transcript 1L

RAET1L belongs to the RAET1 family of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I-related genes, which are located within a 180-kb cluster on chromosome 6q24.2-q25.3. The REAT1 genes encode glycoproteins that contain extracellular alpha-1 and alpha-2 domains, but they lack the membrane proximal Ig-like alpha-3 domain. Most RAET1 glycoproteins are anchored to the membrane via glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) linkage (Radosavljevic et al., 2002 [PubMed 11827464]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

SMPDL3B Gene

sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase, acid-like 3B

SMPDL3A Gene

sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase, acid-like 3A

LIPA Gene

lipase A, lysosomal acid, cholesterol esterase

This gene encodes lipase A, the lysosomal acid lipase (also known as cholesterol ester hydrolase). This enzyme functions in the lysosome to catalyze the hydrolysis of cholesteryl esters and triglycerides. Mutations in this gene can result in Wolman disease and cholesteryl ester storage disease. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2014]

LIPB Gene

lipase B, lysosomal acid

GABRB2 Gene

gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor, beta 2

The gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor is a multisubunit chloride channel that mediates the fastest inhibitory synaptic transmission in the central nervous system. This gene encodes GABA A receptor, beta 2 subunit. It is mapped to chromosome 5q34 in a cluster comprised of genes encoding alpha 1 and gamma 2 subunits of the GABA A receptor. Alternative splicing of this gene generates 2 transcript variants, differing by a 114 bp insertion. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

NARR Gene

nine-amino acid residue-repeats

LOC100462652 Gene

solute carrier family 6 (amino acid transporter), member 14 pseudogene

DAO Gene

D-amino-acid oxidase

This gene encodes the peroxisomal enzyme D-amino acid oxidase. The enzyme is a flavoprotein which uses flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) as its prosthetic group. Its substrates include a wide variety of D-amino acids, but it is inactive on the naturally occurring L-amino acids. Its biological function is not known; it may act as a detoxifying agent which removes D-amino acids that accumulate during aging. In mice, it degrades D-serine, a co-agonist of the NMDA receptor. This gene may play a role in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PRRG4 Gene

proline rich Gla (G-carboxyglutamic acid) 4 (transmembrane)

PRRG1 Gene

proline rich Gla (G-carboxyglutamic acid) 1

This gene encodes a vitamin K-dependent, gamma-carboxyglutamic acid (Gla)-containing, single-pass transmembrane protein. This protein contains a Gla domain at the N-terminus, preceded by a propeptide sequence required for post-translational gamma-carboxylation of specific glutamic acid residues by a vitamin K-dependent gamma-carboxylase. The C-terminus is proline-rich containing PPXY and PXXP motifs found in a variety of signaling and cytoskeletal proteins. This gene is highly expressed in the spinal cord. Several alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2010]

PRRG2 Gene

proline rich Gla (G-carboxyglutamic acid) 2

PRRG3 Gene

proline rich Gla (G-carboxyglutamic acid) 3 (transmembrane)

This gene encodes a protein which contains a vitamin K-dependent carboxylation/gamma-carboxyglutamic domain. The encoded protein is a member of a family of vitamin K-dependent transmembrane proteins which contain a glutamate-rich extracellular domain. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2011]

ACP5 Gene

acid phosphatase 5, tartrate resistant

This gene encodes an iron containing glycoprotein which catalyzes the conversion of orthophosphoric monoester to alcohol and orthophosphate. It is the most basic of the acid phosphatases and is the only form not inhibited by L(+)-tartrate. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2008]

ACP6 Gene

acid phosphatase 6, lysophosphatidic

ACP1 Gene

acid phosphatase 1, soluble

The product of this gene belongs to the phosphotyrosine protein phosphatase family of proteins. It functions as an acid phosphatase and a protein tyrosine phosphatase by hydrolyzing protein tyrosine phosphate to protein tyrosine and orthophosphate. This enzyme also hydrolyzes orthophosphoric monoesters to alcohol and orthophosphate. This gene is genetically polymorphic, and three common alleles segregating at the corresponding locus give rise to six phenotypes. Each allele appears to encode at least two electrophoretically different isozymes, Bf and Bs, which are produced in allele-specific ratios. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been identified for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2008]

ACP2 Gene

acid phosphatase 2, lysosomal

This gene encodes the beta subunit of lysosomal acid phosphatase (LAP). LAP is chemically and genetically distinct from red cell acid phosphatase. The encoded protein belongs to a family of distinct isoenzymes which hydrolyze orthophosphoric monoesters to alcohol and phosphate. LAP-deficiencies in mice cause multiple defects including bone structure alterations, lysosomal storage defects in the kidneys and central nervous system, and an increased tendency towards seizures. An enzymatically-inactive allele of LAP in mice exhibited a more severe phenotype than the null allele, and defects included cerebellum abnormalities, growth retardation, hair-follicle abnormalities, and an ataxia-like phenotype. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2014]

ACPT Gene

acid phosphatase, testicular

Acid phosphatases are enzymes capable of hydrolyzing orthophosphoric acid esters in an acid medium. This gene is up-regulated by androgens and is down-regulated by estrogens in the prostate cancer cell line. This gene exhibits a lower level of expression in testicular cancer tissues than in normal tissues. The protein encoded by this gene has structural similarity to prostatic and lysosomal acid phosphatases. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described, but their biological validity has not been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

ACPP Gene

acid phosphatase, prostate

This gene encodes an enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of orthophosphoric monoester to alcohol and orthophosphate. It is synthesized under androgen regulation and is secreted by the epithelial cells of the prostate gland. An alternatively spliced transcript variant encoding a longer isoform has been found for this gene. This isoform contains a transmembrane domain and is localized in the plasma membrane-endosomal-lysosomal pathway. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2008]

NAAA Gene

N-acylethanolamine acid amidase

This gene encodes an N-acylethanolamine-hydrolyzing enzyme which is highly similar to acid ceramidase. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

RERE Gene

arginine-glutamic acid dipeptide (RE) repeats

This gene encodes a member of the atrophin family of arginine-glutamic acid (RE) dipeptide repeat-containing proteins. The encoded protein co-localizes with a transcription factor in the nucleus, and its overexpression triggers apoptosis. A similar protein in mouse associates with histone deacetylase and is thought to function as a transcriptional co-repressor during embryonic development. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CMAHP Gene

cytidine monophospho-N-acetylneuraminic acid hydroxylase, pseudogene

Sialic acids are terminal components of the carbohydrate chains of glycoconjugates involved in ligand-receptor, cell-cell, and cell-pathogen interactions. The two most common forms of sialic acid found in mammalian cells are N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac) and its hydroxylated derivative, N-glycolylneuraminic acid (Neu5Gc). Studies of sialic acid distribution show that Neu5Gc is not detectable in normal human tissues although it was an abundant sialic acid in other mammals. Neu5Gc is, in actuality, immunogenic in humans. The absense of Neu5Gc in humans is due to a deletion within the human gene CMAH encoding cytidine monophosphate-N-acetylneuraminic acid hydroxylase, an enzyme responsible for Neu5Gc biosynthesis. Sequences encoding the mouse, pig, and chimpanzee hydroxylase enzymes were obtained by cDNA cloning and found to be highly homologous. However, the homologous human cDNA differs from these cDNAs by a 92-bp deletion in the 5' region. This deletion, corresponding to exon 6 of the mouse hydroxylase gene, causes a frameshift mutation and premature termination of the polypeptide chain in human. It seems unlikely that the truncated human hydroxylase mRNA encodes for an active enzyme explaining why Neu5Gc is undetectable in normal human tissues. Human genomic DNA also shows evidence of this deletion which does not occur in the genomes of African great apes. Nonetheless, the CMAH gene maps to 6p21.32 in humans and great apes indicating that mutation of the CMAH gene occurred following human divergence from chimpanzees and bonobos. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

FURIN Gene

furin (paired basic amino acid cleaving enzyme)

This gene encodes a member of the subtilisin-like proprotein convertase family, which includes proteases that process protein and peptide precursors trafficking through regulated or constitutive branches of the secretory pathway. It encodes a type 1 membrane bound protease that is expressed in many tissues, including neuroendocrine, liver, gut, and brain. The encoded protein undergoes an initial autocatalytic processing event in the ER and then sorts to the trans-Golgi network through endosomes where a second autocatalytic event takes place and the catalytic activity is acquired. The product of this gene is one of the seven basic amino acid-specific members which cleave their substrates at single or paired basic residues. Some of its substrates include proparathyroid hormone, transforming growth factor beta 1 precursor, proalbumin, pro-beta-secretase, membrane type-1 matrix metalloproteinase, beta subunit of pro-nerve growth factor and von Willebrand factor. It is also thought to be one of the proteases responsible for the activation of HIV envelope glycoproteins gp160 and gp140 and may play a role in tumor progression. This gene is located in close proximity to family member proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 6 and upstream of the FES oncogene. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2014]

SLC10A1 Gene

solute carrier family 10 (sodium/bile acid cotransporter), member 1

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the sodium/bile acid cotransporter family, which are integral membrane glycoproteins that participate in the enterohepatic circulation of bile acids. Two homologous transporters are involved in the reabsorption of bile acids; the ileal sodium/bile acid cotransporter with an apical cell localization that absorbs bile acids from the intestinal lumen, bile duct and kidney, and the liver-specific sodium/bile acid cotransporter, represented by this protein, that is found in the basolateral membranes of hepatocytes. Bile acids are the catabolic product of cholesterol metabolism, hence this protein is important for cholesterol homeostasis. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2011]

BCKDHB Gene

branched chain keto acid dehydrogenase E1, beta polypeptide

Branched-chain keto acid dehydrogenase is a multienzyme complex associated with the inner membrane of mitochondria, and functions in the catabolism of branched-chain amino acids. The complex consists of multiple copies of 3 components: branched-chain alpha-keto acid decarboxylase (E1), lipoamide acyltransferase (E2) and lipoamide dehydrogenase (E3). This gene encodes the E1 beta subunit, and mutations therein have been associated with maple syrup urine disease (MSUD), type 1B, a disease characterized by a maple syrup odor to the urine in addition to mental and physical retardation, and feeding problems. Alternative splicing at this locus results in transcript variants with different 3' non-coding regions, but encoding the same isoform. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

BCKDHA Gene

branched chain keto acid dehydrogenase E1, alpha polypeptide

The branched-chain alpha-keto acid (BCAA) dehydrogenase (BCKD) complex is an innter mitochondrial enzyme complex that catalyzes the second major step in the catabolism of the branched-chain amino acids leucine, isoleucine, and valine. The BCKD complex consists of three catalytic components: a heterotetrameric (alpha2-beta2) branched-chain alpha-keto acid decarboxylase (E1), a dihydrolipoyl transacylase (E2), and a dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (E3). This gene encodes the alpha subunit of the decarboxylase (E1) component. Mutations in this gene result in maple syrup urine disease, type IA. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Sep 2009]

CMAS Gene

cytidine monophosphate N-acetylneuraminic acid synthetase

Sialic acids are a family of nine-carbon sugars on cell surface glycoproteins and glycolipids that play a pivotal role in determining the structure and function of many animal tissues. The pattern of cell surface sialylation is highly regulated during embryonic development and N-glycosylation is a common post-translational modification during cellular differentiation. Sialic acids play important roles in cell-cell communications and immune responses. Sialylated glycoprotein and glycolipid formation requires the activation of a sialic acid to a cytidine monophosphate (CMP) diester by the enzyme encoded by this gene: CMP-N-acetylneuraminic acid synthetase. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2012]

RAI14 Gene

retinoic acid induced 14

SLC35A1 Gene

solute carrier family 35 (CMP-sialic acid transporter), member A1

The protein encoded by this gene is found in the membrane of the Golgi apparatus, where it transports nucleotide sugars into the Golgi. One such nucleotide sugar is CMP-sialic acid, which is imported into the Golgi by the encoded protein and subsequently glycosylated. Defects in this gene are a cause of congenital disorder of glycosylation type 2F (CDG2F). Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Dec 2009]

ASIC5 Gene

acid sensing (proton gated) ion channel family member 5

This gene belongs to the amiloride-sensitive Na+ channel and degenerin (NaC/DEG) family, members of which have been identified in many animal species ranging from the nematode to human. The amiloride-sensitive Na(+) channel encoded by this gene is primarily expressed in the small intestine, however, its exact function is not known. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

ASIC4 Gene

acid sensing (proton gated) ion channel family member 4

This gene belongs to the superfamily of acid-sensing ion channels, which are proton-gated, amiloride-sensitive sodium channels. These channels have been implicated in synaptic transmission, pain perception as well as mechanoperception. This gene is predominantly expressed in the pituitary gland, and was considered a candidate for paroxysmal dystonic choreoathetosis (PDC), a movement disorder, however, no correlation was found between mutations in this gene and PDC. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2012]

ASIC1 Gene

acid sensing (proton gated) ion channel 1

This gene encodes a member of the acid-sensing ion channel (ASIC) family of proteins, which are part of the degenerin/epithelial sodium channel (DEG/ENaC) superfamily. Members of the ASIC family are sensitive to amiloride and function in neurotransmission. The encoded proteins function in learning, pain transduction, touch sensation, and development of memory and fear. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2012]

ASIC3 Gene

acid sensing (proton gated) ion channel 3

This gene encodes a member of the degenerin/epithelial sodium channel (DEG/ENaC) superfamily. The members of this family are amiloride-sensitive sodium channels that contain intracellular N and C termini, two hydrophobic transmembrane regions, and a large extracellular loop, which has many cysteine residues with conserved spacing. The member encoded by this gene is an acid sensor and may play an important role in the detection of lasting pH changes. In addition, a heteromeric association between this member and acid-sensing (proton-gated) ion channel 2 has been observed as proton-gated channels sensitive to gadolinium. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2012]

ASIC2 Gene

acid sensing (proton gated) ion channel 2

This gene encodes a member of the degenerin/epithelial sodium channel (DEG/ENaC) superfamily. The members of this family are amiloride-sensitive sodium channels that contain intracellular N and C termini, 2 hydrophobic transmembrane regions, and a large extracellular loop, which has many cysteine residues with conserved spacing. The member encoded by this gene may play a role in neurotransmission. In addition, a heteromeric association between this member and acid-sensing (proton-gated) ion channel 3 has been observed to co-assemble into proton-gated channels sensitive to gadolinium. Alternative splicing has been observed at this locus and two variants, encoding distinct isoforms, have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2012]

SIGLEC24P Gene

sialic acid binding Ig-like lectin 24, pseudogene

FABP3P2 Gene

fatty acid binding protein 3, pseudogene 2

SLC1A4 Gene

solute carrier family 1 (glutamate/neutral amino acid transporter), member 4

SLC1A5 Gene

solute carrier family 1 (neutral amino acid transporter), member 5

The SLC1A5 gene encodes a sodium-dependent neutral amino acid transporter that can act as a receptor for RD114/type D retrovirus (Larriba et al., 2001 [PubMed 11781704]).[supplied by OMIM, Jan 2011]

ELOVL6 Gene

ELOVL fatty acid elongase 6

Fatty acid elongases (EC 6.2.1.3), such as ELOVL6, use malonyl-CoA as a 2-carbon donor in the first and rate-limiting step of fatty acid elongation (Moon et al., 2001 [PubMed 11567032]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

ELOVL7 Gene

ELOVL fatty acid elongase 7

ELOVL4 Gene

ELOVL fatty acid elongase 4

This gene encodes a membrane-bound protein which is a member of the ELO family, proteins which participate in the biosynthesis of fatty acids. Consistent with the expression of the encoded protein in photoreceptor cells of the retina, mutations and small deletions in this gene are associated with Stargardt-like macular dystrophy (STGD3) and autosomal dominant Stargardt-like macular dystrophy (ADMD), also referred to as autosomal dominant atrophic macular degeneration. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

ELOVL5 Gene

ELOVL fatty acid elongase 5

This gene belongs to the ELO family. It is highly expressed in the adrenal gland and testis, and encodes a multi-pass membrane protein that is localized in the endoplasmic reticulum. This protein is involved in the elongation of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids. Mutations in this gene have been associated with spinocerebellar ataxia-38 (SCA38). Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2014]

ELOVL2 Gene

ELOVL fatty acid elongase 2

ELOVL3 Gene

ELOVL fatty acid elongase 3

This gene encodes a protein that belongs to the GNS1/SUR4 family. Members of this family play a role in elongation of long chain fatty acids to provide precursors for synthesis of sphingolipids and ceramides. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2013]

ELOVL1 Gene

ELOVL fatty acid elongase 1

FFAR1 Gene

free fatty acid receptor 1

This gene encodes a member of the GP40 family of G protein-coupled receptors that are clustered together on chromosome 19. The encoded protein is a receptor for medium and long chain free fatty acids and may be involved in the metabolic regulation of insulin secretion. Polymorphisms in this gene may be associated with type 2 diabetes. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2009]

LOC100129728 Gene

nucleic acid binding protein 2 pseudogene

FABP5P11 Gene

fatty acid binding protein 5 pseudogene 11

DDC Gene

dopa decarboxylase (aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase)

The encoded protein catalyzes the decarboxylation of L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) to dopamine, L-5-hydroxytryptophan to serotonin and L-tryptophan to tryptamine. Defects in this gene are the cause of aromatic L-amino-acid decarboxylase deficiency (AADCD). AADCD deficiency is an inborn error in neurotransmitter metabolism that leads to combined serotonin and catecholamine deficiency. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2011]

FAAH Gene

fatty acid amide hydrolase

This gene encodes a protein that is responsible for the hydrolysis of a number of primary and secondary fatty acid amides, including the neuromodulatory compounds anandamide and oleamide. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SLC7A10 Gene

solute carrier family 7 (neutral amino acid transporter light chain, asc system), member 10

SLC7A10, in association with 4F2HC (SLC3A2; MIM 158070), mediates high-affinity transport of D-serine and several other neutral amino acids (Nakauchi et al., 2000 [PubMed 10863037]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

SLC7A11 Gene

solute carrier family 7 (anionic amino acid transporter light chain, xc- system), member 11

This gene encodes a member of a heteromeric, sodium-independent, anionic amino acid transport system that is highly specific for cysteine and glutamate. In this system, designated Xc(-), the anionic form of cysteine is transported in exchange for glutamate. This protein has been identified as the predominant mediator of Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus fusion and entry permissiveness into cells. Also, increased expression of this gene in primary gliomas (compared to normal brain tissue) was associated with increased glutamate secretion via the XCT channels, resulting in neuronal cell death. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2011]

SLC7A13 Gene

solute carrier family 7 (anionic amino acid transporter), member 13

LOC102724602 Gene

COMM domain-containing protein 6-like

NLRP14 Gene

NLR family, pyrin domain containing 14

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the NALP protein family. Members of the NALP protein family typically contain a NACHT domain, a NACHT-associated domain (NAD), a C-terminal leucine-rich repeat (LRR) region, and an N-terminal pyrin domain (PYD). This protein may play a regulatory role in the innate immune system as similar family members belong to the signal-induced multiprotein complex, the inflammasome, that activates the pro-inflammatory caspases, caspase-1 and caspase-5. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

KDELC1P1 Gene

KDEL (Lys-Asp-Glu-Leu) containing 1 pseudogene 1

LRRC37A10P Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 37, member A10, pseudogene

LOC105378955 Gene

tripartite motif-containing protein LOC642612

LOC102724971 Gene

putative V-set and immunoglobulin domain-containing-like protein IGHV4OR15-8

LRRC27 Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 27

LRRC26 Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 26

LRRC24 Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 24

LRRC23 Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 23

LRRC20 Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 20

LRRC29 Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 29

This gene encodes a member of the F-box protein family which is characterized by an approximately 40 amino acid motif, the F-box. The F-box proteins constitute one of the four subunits of ubiquitin protein ligase complex called SCFs (SKP1-cullin-F-box), which function in phosphorylation-dependent ubiquitination. The F-box proteins are divided into 3 classes: Fbws containing WD-40 domains, Fbls containing leucine-rich repeats, and Fbxs containing either different protein-protein interaction modules or no recognizable motifs. The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the Fbls class and, in addition to an F-box, contains 9 tandem leucine-rich repeats. Two transcript variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene. Other variants may occur, but their full-length natures have not been characterized. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LRRC28 Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 28

CCDC178 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 178

CCDC170 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 170

The function of this gene and its encoded protein is not known. Several genome-wide association studies have implicated the region around this gene to be involved in breast cancer and bone mineral density, but no link to this specific gene has been found. [provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

CCDC172 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 172

CCDC173 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 173

CCDC174 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 174

CCDC175 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 175

CCDC176 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 176

CCDC177 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 177

LOC100420545 Gene

abhydrolase domain containing 15 pseudogene

LOC100420541 Gene

abhydrolase domain containing 15 pseudogene

RIIAD1 Gene

regulatory subunit of type II PKA R-subunit (RIIa) domain containing 1

GGA1 Gene

golgi-associated, gamma adaptin ear containing, ARF binding protein 1

This gene encodes a member of the Golgi-localized, gamma adaptin ear-containing, ARF-binding (GGA) protein family. Members of this family are ubiquitous coat proteins that regulate the trafficking of proteins between the trans-Golgi network and the lysosome. These proteins share an amino-terminal VHS domain which mediates sorting of the mannose 6-phosphate receptors at the trans-Golgi network. They also contain a carboxy-terminal region with homology to the ear domain of gamma-adaptins. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GGA3 Gene

golgi-associated, gamma adaptin ear containing, ARF binding protein 3

This gene encodes a member of the Golgi-localized, gamma adaptin ear-containing, ARF-binding (GGA) family. This family includes ubiquitous coat proteins that regulate the trafficking of proteins between the trans-Golgi network and the lysosome. These proteins share an amino-terminal VHS domain which mediates sorting of the mannose 6-phosphate receptors at the trans-Golgi network. They also contain a carboxy-terminal region with homology to the ear domain of gamma-adaptins. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants have been identified in this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2010]

GGA2 Gene

golgi-associated, gamma adaptin ear containing, ARF binding protein 2

This gene encodes a member of the Golgi-localized, gamma adaptin ear-containing, ARF-binding (GGA) family. This family includes ubiquitous coat proteins that regulate the trafficking of proteins between the trans-Golgi network and the lysosome. These proteins share an amino-terminal VHS domain which mediates sorting of the mannose 6-phosphate receptors at the trans-Golgi network. They also contain a carboxy-terminal region with homology to the ear domain of gamma-adaptins. This family member may play a significant role in cargo molecules regulation and clathrin-coated vesicle assembly. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

FHOD1 Gene

formin homology 2 domain containing 1

This gene encodes a protein which is a member of the formin/diaphanous family of proteins. The gene is ubiquitously expressed but is found in abundance in the spleen. The encoded protein has sequence homology to diaphanous and formin proteins within the Formin Homology (FH)1 and FH2 domains. It also contains a coiled-coil domain, a collagen-like domain, two nuclear localization signals, and several potential PKC and PKA phosphorylation sites. It is a predominantly cytoplasmic protein and is expressed in a variety of human cell lines. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

FHOD3 Gene

formin homology 2 domain containing 3

Proteins that contain formin (FMN1; MIM 136535) homology (FH) domains, such as FHOD3, play a role in regulation of the actin cytoskeleton (Kanaya et al., 2005 [PubMed 15966898]).[supplied by OMIM, Apr 2010]

NACC2 Gene

NACC family member 2, BEN and BTB (POZ) domain containing

NACC1 Gene

nucleus accumbens associated 1, BEN and BTB (POZ) domain containing

This gene encodes a member of the BTB/POZ protein family. BTB/POZ proteins are involved in several cellular processes including proliferation, apoptosis and transcription regulation. The encoded protein is a transcriptional repressor that plays a role in stem cell self-renewal and pluripotency maintenance. The encoded protein also suppresses transcription of the candidate tumor suppressor Gadd45GIP1, and expression of this gene may play a role in the progression of multiple types of cancer. A pseudogene of this gene is located on the short arm of chromosome 9. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2012]

LOC100288028 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 59 pseudogene

MACROD2 Gene

MACRO domain containing 2

MACROD1 Gene

MACRO domain containing 1

SBSPON Gene

somatomedin B and thrombospondin, type 1 domain containing

LOC100419750 Gene

DTW domain containing 1 pseudogene

GPATCH2 Gene

G patch domain containing 2

TRIM75P Gene

tripartite motif containing 75, pseudogene

ANKFY1 Gene

ankyrin repeat and FYVE domain containing 1

This gene encodes a cytoplasmic protein that contains a coiled-coil structure and a BTB/POZ domain at its N-terminus, ankyrin repeats in the middle portion, and a FYVE-finger motif at its C-terminus. This protein belongs to a subgroup of double zinc finger proteins which may be involved in vesicle or protein transport. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants of this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2012]

SRRD Gene

SRR1 domain containing

SORBS1 Gene

sorbin and SH3 domain containing 1

This gene encodes a CBL-associated protein which functions in the signaling and stimulation of insulin. Mutations in this gene may be associated with human disorders of insulin resistance. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2014]

SORBS3 Gene

sorbin and SH3 domain containing 3

This gene encodes an SH3 domain-containing adaptor protein. The presence of SH3 domains play a role in this protein's ability to bind other cytoplasmic molecules and contribute to cystoskeletal organization, cell adhesion and migration, signaling, and gene expression. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2011]

SORBS2 Gene

sorbin and SH3 domain containing 2

Arg and c-Abl represent the mammalian members of the Abelson family of non-receptor protein-tyrosine kinases. They interact with the Arg/Abl binding proteins via the SH3 domains present in the carboxy end of the latter group of proteins. This gene encodes the sorbin and SH3 domain containing 2 protein. It has three C-terminal SH3 domains and an N-terminal sorbin homology (SoHo) domain that interacts with lipid raft proteins. The subcellular localization of this protein in epithelial and cardiac muscle cells suggests that it functions as an adapter protein to assemble signaling complexes in stress fibers, and that it is a potential link between Abl family kinases and the actin cytoskeleton. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

ZSCAN5CP Gene

zinc finger and SCAN domain containing 5C, pseudogene

ZSWIM5P3 Gene

zinc finger, SWIM-type containing 5 pseudogene 3

ZSWIM5P2 Gene

zinc finger, SWIM-type containing 5 pseudogene 2

ZSWIM5P1 Gene

zinc finger, SWIM-type containing 5 pseudogene 1

CCDC70 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 70

CCDC71 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 71

CCDC78 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 78

The product of this gene contains two coiled-coil domains. The function of this gene is currently unknown. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2012]

CCDC79 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 79

TATDN2P1 Gene

TatD DNase domain containing 2 pseudogene 1

LOC100420353 Gene

tripartite motif containing 60 pseudogene

ZBTB7A Gene

zinc finger and BTB domain containing 7A

ZBTB7C Gene

zinc finger and BTB domain containing 7C

ZBTB7B Gene

zinc finger and BTB domain containing 7B

This gene encodes a zinc finger-containing transcription factor that acts as a key regulator of lineage commitment of immature T-cell precursors. It is necessary and sufficient for commitment of CD4 lineage, while its absence causes CD8 commitment. It also functions as a transcriptional repressor of type I collagen genes. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2012]

PCNP Gene

PEST proteolytic signal containing nuclear protein

UTY Gene

ubiquitously transcribed tetratricopeptide repeat containing, Y-linked

This gene encodes a protein containing tetratricopeptide repeats which are thought to be involved in protein-protein interactions. The encoded protein is also a minor histocompatibility antigen which may induce graft rejection of male stem cell grafts. A large number of alternatively spliced transcripts have been observed for this gene, but the full length nature of some of these variants has not been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2012]

DENND2C Gene

DENN/MADD domain containing 2C

DENND2D Gene

DENN/MADD domain containing 2D

ZCCHC23 Gene

zinc finger, CCHC domain containing 23

ZCCHC24 Gene

zinc finger, CCHC domain containing 24

ANKS1B Gene

ankyrin repeat and sterile alpha motif domain containing 1B

This gene encodes a multi-domain protein that is predominantly expressed in brain and testis. This protein interacts with amyloid beta protein precursor (AbetaPP) and may have a role in normal brain development, and in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. Expression of this gene has been shown to be elevated in patients with pre-B cell acute lymphocytic leukemia associated with t(1;19) translocation. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms (some with different subcellular localization, PMID:15004329) have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2011]

ANKS1A Gene

ankyrin repeat and sterile alpha motif domain containing 1A

LOC100421259 Gene

zinc finger and BTB domain containing 14 pseudogene

ARMC10P1 Gene

armadillo repeat containing 10 pseudogene 1

SDAD1P1 Gene

SDA1 domain containing 1 pseudogene 1

SDAD1P2 Gene

SDA1 domain containing 1 pseudogene 2

SDAD1P3 Gene

SDA1 domain containing 1 pseudogene 3

CCDC162P Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 162, pseudogene

SAMD4A Gene

sterile alpha motif domain containing 4A

Sterile alpha motifs (SAMs) in proteins such as SAMD4A are part of an RNA-binding domain that functions as a posttranscriptional regulator by binding to an RNA sequence motif known as the Smaug recognition element, which was named after the Drosophila Smaug protein (Baez and Boccaccio, 2005 [PubMed 16221671]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

SAMD4B Gene

sterile alpha motif domain containing 4B

CDADC1 Gene

cytidine and dCMP deaminase domain containing 1

AOC2 Gene

amine oxidase, copper containing 2 (retina-specific)

Copper amine oxidases catalyze the oxidative conversion of amines to aldehydes and ammonia in the presence of copper and quinone cofactor. This gene shows high sequence similarity to copper amine oxidases from various species ranging from bacteria to mammals. The protein contains several conserved motifs including the active site of amine oxidases and the histidine residues that likely bind copper. It may be a critical modulator of signal transmission in retina, possibly by degrading the biogenic amines dopamine, histamine, and putrescine. This gene may be a candidate gene for hereditary ocular diseases. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC100131429 Gene

armadillo repeat containing 1 pseudogene

ZDHHC3 Gene

zinc finger, DHHC-type containing 3

GLT8D2 Gene

glycosyltransferase 8 domain containing 2

GLT8D1 Gene

glycosyltransferase 8 domain containing 1

This gene encodes a member of the glycosyltransferase family. The specific function of this protein has not been determined. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants of this gene [provided by RefSeq, May 2013]

EXD3 Gene

exonuclease 3'-5' domain containing 3

EXD2 Gene

exonuclease 3'-5' domain containing 2

EXD1 Gene

exonuclease 3'-5' domain containing 1

SPRYD3 Gene

SPRY domain containing 3

SPRYD4 Gene

SPRY domain containing 4

SPRYD7 Gene

SPRY domain containing 7

KLHDC4 Gene

kelch domain containing 4

KLHDC2 Gene

kelch domain containing 2

KLHDC3 Gene

kelch domain containing 3

The protein encoded by this gene contains six repeated kelch motifs that are structurally similar to recombination activating gene 2, a protein involved in the activation of the V(D)J recombination. In mouse, this gene is found to be expressed specifically in testis. Its expression in pachytene spermatocytes is localized to cytoplasma and meiotic chromatin, suggesting that this gene may be involved in meiotic recombination. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2012]

KLHDC1 Gene

kelch domain containing 1

TRIM51 Gene

tripartite motif-containing 51

HDDC2 Gene

HD domain containing 2

HDDC3 Gene

HD domain containing 3

TRIM53AP Gene

tripartite motif containing 53A, pseudogene

WWOX Gene

WW domain containing oxidoreductase

This gene encodes a member of the short-chain dehydrogenases/reductases (SDR) protein family. This gene spans the FRA16D common chromosomal fragile site and appears to function as a tumor suppressor gene. Expression of the encoded protein is able to induce apoptosis, while defects in this gene are associated with multiple types of cancer. Disruption of this gene is also associated with autosomal recessive spinocerebellar ataxia 12. Disruption of a similar gene in mouse results in impaired steroidogenesis, additionally suggesting a metabolic function for the protein. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, May 2014]

LOC340268 Gene

C3 and PZP-like, alpha-2-macroglobulin domain containing 8 pseudogene

OCIAD2P1 Gene

OCIA domain containing 2 pseudogene 1

LOC100996316 Gene

ankyrin repeat domain-containing protein 20A2-like

TMUB1 Gene

transmembrane and ubiquitin-like domain containing 1

TMUB2 Gene

transmembrane and ubiquitin-like domain containing 2

KCTD9P6 Gene

potassium channel tetramerization domain containing 9 pseudogene 6

RDM1 Gene

RAD52 motif containing 1

This gene encodes a protein involved in the cellular response to cisplatin, a drug commonly used in chemotherapy. The protein encoded by this gene contains two motifs: a motif found in RAD52, a protein that functions in DNA double-strand breaks and homologous recombination, and an RNA recognition motif (RRM) that is not found in RAD52. The RAD52 motif region in RAD52 is important for protein function and may be involved in DNA binding or oligomerization. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been reported. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC100130639 Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 3C pseudogene

PTCHD3P2 Gene

patched domain containing 3 pseudogene 2

PTCHD3P3 Gene

patched domain containing 3 pseudogene 3

PTCHD3P1 Gene

patched domain containing 3 pseudogene 1

LOC100422530 Gene

pleckstrin homology domain containing, family B (evectins) member 2 pseudogene

TCTEX1D2 Gene

Tctex1 domain containing 2

TCTEX1D1 Gene

Tctex1 domain containing 1

LDLRAD1 Gene

low density lipoprotein receptor class A domain containing 1

LDLRAD2 Gene

low density lipoprotein receptor class A domain containing 2

LDLRAD3 Gene

low density lipoprotein receptor class A domain containing 3

CCT4P2 Gene

chaperonin containing TCP1, subunit 4 (delta) pseudogene 2

KCTD13 Gene

potassium channel tetramerization domain containing 13

KCTD12 Gene

potassium channel tetramerization domain containing 12

KCTD10 Gene

potassium channel tetramerization domain containing 10

KCTD17 Gene

potassium channel tetramerization domain containing 17

KCTD16 Gene

potassium channel tetramerization domain containing 16

KCTD15 Gene

potassium channel tetramerization domain containing 15

KCTD14 Gene

potassium channel tetramerization domain containing 14

KCTD19 Gene

potassium channel tetramerization domain containing 19

KCTD18 Gene

potassium channel tetramerization domain containing 18

PCID2 Gene

PCI domain containing 2

PCID2 is expressed in immature and early-stage B lymphocytes and regulates expression of the mitotic checkpoint protein MAD2 (MAD2L1; MIM 601467) (Nakaya et al., 2010 [PubMed 20870947]).[supplied by OMIM, Jan 2011]

EFCC1 Gene

EF-hand and coiled-coil domain containing 1

LOC100420467 Gene

glyoxalase domain containing 4 pseudogene

LOC100420464 Gene

salvador family WW domain containing protein 1 pseudogene

PBLD Gene

phenazine biosynthesis-like protein domain containing

ANKDD1A Gene

ankyrin repeat and death domain containing 1A

ANKDD1B Gene

ankyrin repeat and death domain containing 1B

RTFDC1 Gene

replication termination factor 2 domain containing 1

PQLC3 Gene

PQ loop repeat containing 3

LRRC25 Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 25

ZMYND19P1 Gene

zinc finger, MYND-type containing 19 pseudogene 1

RFFL Gene

ring finger and FYVE-like domain containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase

TRIM9 Gene

tripartite motif containing 9

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the tripartite motif (TRIM) family. The TRIM motif includes three zinc-binding domains, a RING, a B-box type 1 and a B-box type 2, and a coiled-coil region. The protein localizes to cytoplasmic bodies. Its function has not been identified. Alternate splicing of this gene generates two transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TRIM8 Gene

tripartite motif containing 8

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the tripartite motif (TRIM) family. The TRIM motif includes three zinc-binding domains, a RING, a B-box type 1 and a B-box type 2, and a coiled-coil region. This protein localizes to nuclear bodies. Its structure is similar to some tumor suppressor proteins and its gene maps to a locus thought to contain tumor suppressor genes. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TRIM3 Gene

tripartite motif containing 3

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the tripartite motif (TRIM) family, also called the 'RING-B-box-coiled-coil' (RBCC) subgroup of RING finger proteins. The TRIM motif includes three zinc-binding domains, a RING, a B-box type 1 and a B-box type 2, and a coiled-coil region. This protein localizes to cytoplasmic filaments. It is similar to a rat protein which is a specific partner for the tail domain of myosin V, a class of myosins which are involved in the targeted transport of organelles. The rat protein can also interact with alpha-actinin-4. Thus it is suggested that this human protein may play a role in myosin V-mediated cargo transport. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same isoform have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TRIM2 Gene

tripartite motif containing 2

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the tripartite motif (TRIM) family. The TRIM motif includes three zinc-binding domains, a RING, a B-box type 1 and a B-box type 2, and a coiled-coil region. The protein localizes to cytoplasmic filaments. It plays a neuroprotective role and functions as an E3-ubiquitin ligase in proteasome-mediated degradation of target proteins. Mutations in this gene can cause early-onset axonal neuropathy. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2014]

TRIM5 Gene

tripartite motif containing 5

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the tripartite motif (TRIM) family. The TRIM motif includes three zinc-binding domains, a RING, a B-box type 1 and a B-box type 2, and a coiled-coil region. The protein forms homo-oligomers via the coilel-coil region and localizes to cytoplasmic bodies. It appears to function as a E3 ubiquitin-ligase and ubiqutinates itself to regulate its subcellular localization. It may play a role in retroviral restriction. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2009]

TRIM4 Gene

tripartite motif containing 4

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the tripartite motif (TRIM) family. The TRIM motif includes three zinc-binding domains, a RING, a B-box type 1 and a B-box type 2, and a coiled-coil region. The protein localizes to cytoplasmic bodies. Its function has not been identified. Alternatively spliced transcript variants that encode different isoforms have been described.[provided by RefSeq, Jul 2010]

TRIM7 Gene

tripartite motif containing 7

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the tripartite motif (TRIM) family. The TRIM motif includes three zinc-binding domains, a RING, a B-box type 1, a B-box type 2, and a coiled-coil region. The protein localizes to both the nucleus and the cytoplasm, and may represent a participant in the initiation of glycogen synthesis. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2013]

TRIM6 Gene

tripartite motif containing 6

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the tripartite motif (TRIM) family. The TRIM motif includes three zinc-binding domains, a RING, B-box type 1 and B-box type 2 domain, and a coiled-coil region. The protein localizes to the nucleus, but its specific function has not been identified. This gene is mapped to chromosome 11p15, where it resides within a TRIM gene cluster. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. A read-through transcript from this gene into the downstream TRIM34 gene has also been observed, which results in a fusion product from these neighboring family members. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2010]

LOC153893 Gene

DCN1, defective in cullin neddylation 1, domain containing 1 (S. cerevisiae) pseudogene

CCDC171 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 171

SH2D1B Gene

SH2 domain containing 1B

By binding phosphotyrosines through its free SRC (MIM 190090) homology-2 (SH2) domain, EAT2 regulates signal transduction through receptors expressed on the surface of antigen-presenting cells (Morra et al., 2001 [PubMed 11689425]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

SH2D1A Gene

SH2 domain containing 1A

This gene encodes a protein that plays a major role in the bidirectional stimulation of T and B cells. This protein contains an SH2 domain and a short tail. It associates with the signaling lymphocyte-activation molecule, thereby acting as an inhibitor of this transmembrane protein by blocking the recruitment of the SH2-domain-containing signal-transduction molecule SHP-2 to its docking site. This protein can also bind to other related surface molecules that are expressed on activated T, B and NK cells, thereby modifying signal transduction pathways in these cells. Mutations in this gene cause lymphoproliferative syndrome X-linked type 1 or Duncan disease, a rare immunodeficiency characterized by extreme susceptibility to infection with Epstein-Barr virus, with symptoms including severe mononucleosis and malignant lymphoma. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LRRC37A2 Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 37, member A2

LRRC37A3 Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 37, member A3

CSDC2 Gene

cold shock domain containing C2, RNA binding

LOC100420547 Gene

GTF2I repeat domain containing 1 pseudogene

LYPD4 Gene

LY6/PLAUR domain containing 4

LYPD5 Gene

LY6/PLAUR domain containing 5

LYPD2 Gene

LY6/PLAUR domain containing 2

LYPD3 Gene

LY6/PLAUR domain containing 3

LYPD1 Gene

LY6/PLAUR domain containing 1

LYPD8 Gene

LY6/PLAUR domain containing 8

FSD1L Gene

fibronectin type III and SPRY domain containing 1-like

LOC101928879 Gene

COMM domain-containing protein 5-like

LOC730076 Gene

zinc finger domain containing pseudogene

CISH Gene

cytokine inducible SH2-containing protein

The protein encoded by this gene contains a SH2 domain and a SOCS box domain. The protein thus belongs to the cytokine-induced STAT inhibitor (CIS), also known as suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS) or STAT-induced STAT inhibitor (SSI), protein family. CIS family members are known to be cytokine-inducible negative regulators of cytokine signaling. The expression of this gene can be induced by IL2, IL3, GM-CSF and EPO in hematopoietic cells. Proteasome-mediated degradation of this protein has been shown to be involved in the inactivation of the erythropoietin receptor. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2008]

GTF2IRD1P1 Gene

GTF2I repeat domain containing 1 pseudogene 1

RGAG4 Gene

retrotransposon gag domain containing 4

RGAG1 Gene

retrotransposon gag domain containing 1

EEPD1 Gene

endonuclease/exonuclease/phosphatase family domain containing 1

SOSTDC1 Gene

sclerostin domain containing 1

This gene is a member of the sclerostin family and encodes an N-glycosylated, secreted protein with a C-terminal cystine knot-like domain. This protein functions as a bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) antagonist. Specifically, it directly associates with BMPs, prohibiting them from binding their receptors, thereby regulating BMP signaling during cellular proliferation, differentiation, and programmed cell death. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC100132154 Gene

putative ankyrin repeat domain-containing protein 30B-like

KRIT1 Gene

KRIT1, ankyrin repeat containing

This gene encodes a protein containing four ankyrin repeats, a band 4.1/ezrin/radixin/moesin (FERM) domain, and multiple NPXY sequences. The encoded protein is localized in the nucleus and cytoplasm. It binds to integrin cytoplasmic domain-associated protein-1 alpha (ICAP1alpha), and plays a critical role in beta1-integrin-mediated cell proliferation. It associates with junction proteins and RAS-related protein 1A (Rap1A), which requires the encoded protein for maintaining the integrity of endothelial junctions. It is also a microtubule-associated protein and may play a role in microtubule targeting. Mutations in this gene result in cerebral cavernous malformations. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2009]

TRABD2A Gene

TraB domain containing 2A

TRABD2B Gene

TraB domain containing 2B

CDPF1 Gene

cysteine-rich, DPF motif domain containing 1

LOC100507606 Gene

ankyrin repeat domain-containing protein 33B-like

WWP2 Gene

WW domain containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 2

This gene encodes a member of the Nedd4 family of E3 ligases, which play an important role in protein ubiquitination. The encoded protein contains four WW domains and may play a role in multiple processes including chondrogenesis and the regulation of oncogenic signaling pathways via interactions with Smad proteins and the tumor suppressor PTEN. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene, and a pseudogene of this gene is located on the long arm of chromosome 10. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2012]

WWP1 Gene

WW domain containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 1

WW domain-containing proteins are found in all eukaryotes and play an important role in the regulation of a wide variety of cellular functions such as protein degradation, transcription, and RNA splicing. This gene encodes a protein which contains 4 tandem WW domains and a HECT (homologous to the E6-associated protein carboxyl terminus) domain. The encoded protein belongs to a family of NEDD4-like proteins, which are E3 ubiquitin-ligase molecules and regulate key trafficking decisions, including targeting of proteins to proteosomes or lysosomes. Alternative splicing of this gene generates at least 6 transcript variants; however, the full length nature of these transcripts has not been defined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

ACRC Gene

acidic repeat containing

GATAD1 Gene

GATA zinc finger domain containing 1

The protein encoded by this gene contains a zinc finger at the N-terminus, and is thought to bind to a histone modification site that regulates gene expression. Mutations in this gene have been associated with autosomal recessive dilated cardiomyopathy. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2012]

LOC105371804 Gene

leucine-rich repeat-containing protein 37A3 pseudogene

LOC105379252 Gene

coiled-coil domain-containing protein 29-like

KLHDC8A Gene

kelch domain containing 8A

This gene encodes a kelch domain-containing protein which is upregulated in cancer. Upregulated expression of the encoded protein may provide an alternative pathway for tumors to maintain aggressiveness in the absence of epidermal growth factor receptor dependence. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2012]

RLTPR Gene

RGD motif, leucine rich repeats, tropomodulin domain and proline-rich containing

UBAC2 Gene

UBA domain containing 2

UBAC1 Gene

UBA domain containing 1

LOC100533670 Gene

tripartite motif containing 60 pseudogene

LOC100533677 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 176 pseudogene

RHBDD2 Gene

rhomboid domain containing 2

RHBDD3 Gene

rhomboid domain containing 3

RHBDD1 Gene

rhomboid domain containing 1

CHCHD2 Gene

coiled-coil-helix-coiled-coil-helix domain containing 2

CHCHD3 Gene

coiled-coil-helix-coiled-coil-helix domain containing 3

CHCHD6 Gene

coiled-coil-helix-coiled-coil-helix domain containing 6

CHCHD7 Gene

coiled-coil-helix-coiled-coil-helix domain containing 7

CHCHD4 Gene

coiled-coil-helix-coiled-coil-helix domain containing 4

CHCHD4, a component of human mitochondria, belongs to a protein family whose members share 6 highly conserved cysteine residues constituting a -CXC-CX(9)C-CX(9)C- motif in the C terminus (Hofmann et al., 2005 [PubMed 16185709]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

CHCHD5 Gene

coiled-coil-helix-coiled-coil-helix domain containing 5

TMTC2 Gene

transmembrane and tetratricopeptide repeat containing 2

LOC387770 Gene

tripartite motif containing 49D1 pseudogene

XIRP1 Gene

xin actin binding repeat containing 1

XIRP2 Gene

xin actin binding repeat containing 2

SPHKAP Gene

SPHK1 interactor, AKAP domain containing

CRADD Gene

CASP2 and RIPK1 domain containing adaptor with death domain

The protein encoded by this gene is a death domain (CARD/DD)-containing protein and has been shown to induce cell apoptosis. Through its CARD domain, this protein interacts with, and thus recruits, caspase 2/ICH1 to the cell death signal transduction complex that includes tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1A), RIPK1/RIP kinase, and numbers of other CARD domain-containing proteins. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

IQCA1 Gene

IQ motif containing with AAA domain 1

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the ATPases Associated with diverse cellular Activities (AAA) superfamily. Members of this superfamily, found in all organisms, participate in a large number of cellular processes and contain the ATPase module consisting of an alpha-beta-alpha core domain and the Walker A and B motifs of the P-loop NTPases. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants that encode different protein isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2012]

LYRM5 Gene

LYR motif containing 5

GDPD2 Gene

glycerophosphodiester phosphodiesterase domain containing 2

This gene encodes a member of the glycerophosphodiester phosphodiesterase enzyme family. The encoded protein hydrolyzes glycerophosphoinositol to produce inositol 1-phosphate and glycerol. This protein may have a role in osteoblast differentiation and growth. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2010]

GDPD3 Gene

glycerophosphodiester phosphodiesterase domain containing 3

GDPD4 Gene

glycerophosphodiester phosphodiesterase domain containing 4

GDPD5 Gene

glycerophosphodiester phosphodiesterase domain containing 5

Glycerophosphodiester phosphodiesterases (GDPDs; EC 3.1.4.46), such as GDPD5, are involved in glycerol metabolism (Lang et al., 2008 [PubMed 17578682]).[supplied by OMIM, Jan 2010]

ROCK1 Gene

Rho-associated, coiled-coil containing protein kinase 1

This gene encodes a protein serine/threonine kinase that is activated when bound to the GTP-bound form of Rho. The small GTPase Rho regulates formation of focal adhesions and stress fibers of fibroblasts, as well as adhesion and aggregation of platelets and lymphocytes by shuttling between the inactive GDP-bound form and the active GTP-bound form. Rho is also essential in cytokinesis and plays a role in transcriptional activation by serum response factor. This protein, a downstream effector of Rho, phosphorylates and activates LIM kinase, which in turn, phosphorylates cofilin, inhibiting its actin-depolymerizing activity. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

ROCK2 Gene

Rho-associated, coiled-coil containing protein kinase 2

The protein encoded by this gene is a serine/threonine kinase that regulates cytokinesis, smooth muscle contraction, the formation of actin stress fibers and focal adhesions, and the activation of the c-fos serum response element. This protein, which is an isozyme of ROCK1 is a target for the small GTPase Rho. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LRRC9 Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 9

LRRC4 Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 4

This gene is significantly downregulated in primary brain tumors. The exact function of the protein encoded by this gene is unknown. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LRRC6 Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 6

The protein encoded by this gene contains several leucine-rich repeat domains and appears to be involved in the motility of cilia. Defects in this gene are a cause of primary ciliary dyskinesia-19 (CILD19). Two transcript variants, one protein-coding and the other not, have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2012]

LRRC7 Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 7

LRRC1 Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 1

LRRC3 Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 3

MORN5 Gene

MORN repeat containing 5

MORN4 Gene

MORN repeat containing 4

MORN1 Gene

MORN repeat containing 1

LOC100130574 Gene

thiosulfate sulfurtransferase (rhodanese)-like domain containing 1 pseudogene

LOC100130571 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 107 pseudogene

HACE1 Gene

HECT domain and ankyrin repeat containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 1

PCED1CP Gene

PC-esterase domain containing 1C, pseudogene

NT5DC4 Gene

5'-nucleotidase domain containing 4

NT5DC2 Gene

5'-nucleotidase domain containing 2

NT5DC1 Gene

5'-nucleotidase domain containing 1

While the exact function of the protein encoded by this gene is not known, it belongs to the 5'(3')-deoxyribonucleotidase family. [provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

RUSC2 Gene

RUN and SH3 domain containing 2

This gene encodes a RUN and SH3 domain containing protein that interacts with Rab1b and Rab1-binding protein GM130. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2012]

RUSC1 Gene

RUN and SH3 domain containing 1

LZIC Gene

leucine zipper and CTNNBIP1 domain containing

TRIM60P7Y Gene

tripartite motif containing 60 pseudogene 7, Y-linked

BEND3P3 Gene

BEN domain containing 3 pseudogene 3

BEND3P2 Gene

BEN domain containing 3 pseudogene 2

KBTBD7 Gene

kelch repeat and BTB (POZ) domain containing 7

KBTBD4 Gene

kelch repeat and BTB (POZ) domain containing 4

KBTBD3 Gene

kelch repeat and BTB (POZ) domain containing 3

KBTBD2 Gene

kelch repeat and BTB (POZ) domain containing 2

KBTBD8 Gene

kelch repeat and BTB (POZ) domain containing 8

FMO9P Gene

flavin containing monooxygenase 9 pseudogene

ZC3H12A Gene

zinc finger CCCH-type containing 12A

ZC3H12A is an MCP1 (CCL2; MIM 158105)-induced protein that acts as a transcriptional activator and causes cell death of cardiomyocytes, possibly via induction of genes associated with apoptosis.[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

ZC3H12B Gene

zinc finger CCCH-type containing 12B

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to a family of CCCH-type zinc finger proteins that are involved in the proinflammatory activation of macrophages. The exact function of this family member is unknown, but it is thought to function as a ribonuclease. [provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

ZC3H12C Gene

zinc finger CCCH-type containing 12C

ZC3H12D Gene

zinc finger CCCH-type containing 12D

LOC102725078 Gene

ankyrin repeat domain-containing protein 20A2-like

LOC102725070 Gene

coiled-coil domain-containing protein 29-like

ZFYVE21 Gene

zinc finger, FYVE domain containing 21

LOC100507561 Gene

ankyrin repeat domain-containing protein 33B-like

RWDD2A Gene

RWD domain containing 2A

RWDD2B Gene

RWD domain containing 2B

UBALD1 Gene

UBA-like domain containing 1

UBALD2 Gene

UBA-like domain containing 2

BTRCP1 Gene

beta-transducin repeat containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase pseudogene 1

BROX Gene

BRO1 domain and CAAX motif containing

NRDE2 Gene

NRDE-2, necessary for RNA interference, domain containing

ZAK Gene

sterile alpha motif and leucine zipper containing kinase AZK

This gene is a member of the MAPKKK family of signal transduction molecules and encodes a protein with an N-terminal kinase catalytic domain, followed by a leucine zipper motif and a sterile-alpha motif (SAM). This magnesium-binding protein forms homodimers and is located in the cytoplasm. The protein mediates gamma radiation signaling leading to cell cycle arrest and activity of this protein plays a role in cell cycle checkpoint regulation in cells. The protein also has pro-apoptotic activity. Alternate transcriptional splice variants, encoding different isoforms, have been characterized. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC645626 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 29-like

SPTY2D1 Gene

SPT2, Suppressor of Ty, domain containing 1 (S. cerevisiae)

CASD1 Gene

CAS1 domain containing 1

VSTM5 Gene

V-set and transmembrane domain containing 5

VSTM4 Gene

V-set and transmembrane domain containing 4

VSTM1 Gene

V-set and transmembrane domain containing 1

TRIM43CP Gene

tripartite motif containing 43C, pseudogene

LOC100288211 Gene

PPPDE peptidase domain containing 1 pseudogene

ZBTB45P2 Gene

zinc finger and BTB domain containing 45 pseudogene 2

ZBTB45P1 Gene

zinc finger and BTB domain containing 45 pseudogene 1

HERC1 Gene

HECT and RLD domain containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase family member 1

This gen encodes a member of the HERC protein family. This protein stimulates guanine nucleotide exchange on ARF1 and Rab proteins. This protein may be involved in membrane transport processes. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2012]

HERC3 Gene

HECT and RLD domain containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 3

This gene encodes a member the HERC ubiquitin ligase family. The encoded protein is located in the cytosol and binds ubiquitin via a HECT domain. Mutations in this gene have been associated with colorectal and gastric carcinomas. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2012]

HERC2 Gene

HECT and RLD domain containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 2

This gene belongs to the HERC gene family that encodes a group of unusually large proteins, which contain multiple structural domains. All members have at least 1 copy of an N-terminal region showing homology to the cell cycle regulator RCC1 and a C-terminal HECT (homologous to E6-AP C terminus) domain found in a number of E3 ubiquitin protein ligases. Genetic variations in this gene are associated with skin/hair/eye pigmentation variability. Multiple pseudogenes of this gene are located on chromosomes 15 and 16. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2012]

HERC5 Gene

HECT and RLD domain containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 5

This gene is a member of the HERC family of ubiquitin ligases and encodes a protein with a HECT domain and five RCC1 repeats. Pro-inflammatory cytokines upregulate expression of this gene in endothelial cells. The protein localizes to the cytoplasm and perinuclear region and functions as an interferon-induced E3 protein ligase that mediates ISGylation of protein targets. The gene lies in a cluster of HERC family genes on chromosome 4. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

HERC4 Gene

HECT and RLD domain containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 4

HERC4 belongs to the HERC family of ubiquitin ligases, all of which contain a HECT domain and at least 1 RCC1 (MIM 179710)-like domain (RLD). The 350-amino acid HECT domain is predicted to catalyze the formation of a thioester with ubiquitin before transferring it to a substrate, and the RLD is predicted to act as a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for small G proteins (Hochrainer et al., 2005 [PubMed 15676274]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

HERC6 Gene

HECT and RLD domain containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase family member 6

HERC6 belongs to the HERC family of ubiquitin ligases, all of which contain a HECT domain and at least 1 RCC1 (MIM 179710)-like domain (RLD). The 350-amino acid HECT domain is predicted to catalyze the formation of a thioester with ubiquitin before transferring it to a substrate, and the RLD is predicted to act as a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for small G proteins (Hochrainer et al., 2005 [PubMed 15676274]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

TBCCD1 Gene

TBCC domain containing 1

PLEKHF1 Gene

pleckstrin homology domain containing, family F (with FYVE domain) member 1

PLEKHF2 Gene

pleckstrin homology domain containing, family F (with FYVE domain) member 2

ANKMY1 Gene

ankyrin repeat and MYND domain containing 1

ANKMY2 Gene

ankyrin repeat and MYND domain containing 2

LOC101060632 Gene

putative ankyrin repeat domain-containing protein 20A12 pseudogene

SAMD5 Gene

sterile alpha motif domain containing 5

SAMD7 Gene

sterile alpha motif domain containing 7

SAMD1 Gene

sterile alpha motif domain containing 1

SAMD3 Gene

sterile alpha motif domain containing 3

SAMD8 Gene

sterile alpha motif domain containing 8

SAMD9 Gene

sterile alpha motif domain containing 9

This gene encodes a sterile alpha motif domain-containing protein. The encoded protein localizes to the cytoplasm and may play a role in regulating cell proliferation and apoptosis. Mutations in this gene are the cause of normophosphatemic familial tumoral calcinosis. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants that encode the same protein.[provided by RefSeq, Jul 2010]

LRRC18 Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 18

LRRC19 Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 19

LRRC17 Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 17

LRRC14 Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 14

This gene encodes a leucine-rich repeat-containing protein. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2012]

LRRC15 Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 15

LRRC10 Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 10

CCDC101 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 101

CCDC101 is a subunit of 2 histone acetyltransferase complexes: the ADA2A (TADA2A; MIM 602276)-containing (ATAC) complex and the SPT3 (SUPT3H; MIM 602947)-TAF9 (MIM 600822)-GCN5 (KAT2A; MIM 602301)/PCAF (KAT2B; MIM 602303) acetylase (STAGA) complex. Both of these complexes contain either GCN5 or PCAF, which are paralogous acetyltransferases (Wang et al., 2008 [PubMed 18838386]).[supplied by OMIM, Apr 2010]

FAHD2B Gene

fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase domain containing 2B

FAHD2A Gene

fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase domain containing 2A

CCDC105 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 105

CCDC107 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 107

This gene encodes a membrane protein which contains a coiled-coil domain in the central region. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2013]

CCDC106 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 106

CCDC108 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 108

PEF1 Gene

penta-EF-hand domain containing 1

This gene encodes a calcium-binding protein belonging to the penta-EF-hand protein family. The encoded protein has been shown to form a heterodimer with the programmed cell death 6 gene product and may modulate its function in Ca(2+) signaling. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants and a pseudogene has been identified on chromosome 1.[provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

AARD Gene

alanine and arginine rich domain containing protein

LOC100422352 Gene

transmembrane and tetratricopeptide repeat containing 1 pseudogene

FAHD1 Gene

fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase domain containing 1

ILDR2 Gene

immunoglobulin-like domain containing receptor 2

ILDR1 Gene

immunoglobulin-like domain containing receptor 1

This gene encodes a protein that contains an immunoglobulin-like domain. The encoded protein may function as a multimeric receptor at the cell surface. The expression of this gene may be a diagnostic marker for cancer progression. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple protein isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2010]

PDDC1 Gene

Parkinson disease 7 domain containing 1

TRIM60P16 Gene

tripartite motif containing 60 pseudogene 16

TRIM60P17 Gene

tripartite motif containing 60 pseudogene 17

TRIM60P18 Gene

tripartite motif containing 60 pseudogene 18

TRIM60P19 Gene

tripartite motif containing 60 pseudogene 19

LOC100130049 Gene

ribosomal L1 domain-containing protein 1-like

SPRED1 Gene

sprouty-related, EVH1 domain containing 1

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the Sprouty family of proteins and is phosphorylated by tyrosine kinase in response to several growth factors. The encoded protein can act as a homodimer or as a heterodimer with SPRED2 to regulate activation of the MAP kinase cascade. Defects in this gene are a cause of neurofibromatosis type 1-like syndrome (NFLS). [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SPRED2 Gene

sprouty-related, EVH1 domain containing 2

SPRED2 is a member of the Sprouty (see SPRY1; MIM 602465)/SPRED family of proteins that regulate growth factor-induced activation of the MAP kinase cascade (see MAPK1; MIM 176948) (Nonami et al., 2004 [PubMed 15465815]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

SPRED3 Gene

sprouty-related, EVH1 domain containing 3

This gene encodes a protein with a C-terminal Sprouty-like cysteine-rich domain (SRY) and an N-terminal Ena/Vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP) homology-1 (EVH-1) domain. The encoded protein is a member of a family of proteins that negatively regulates mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase signaling, particularly during organogenesis. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2012]

CRISPLD2 Gene

cysteine-rich secretory protein LCCL domain containing 2

CRISPLD1 Gene

cysteine-rich secretory protein LCCL domain containing 1

MDGA1 Gene

MAM domain containing glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor 1

MDGA2 Gene

MAM domain containing glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor 2

DDRGK1 Gene

DDRGK domain containing 1

MFSD10 Gene

major facilitator superfamily domain containing 10

This gene encodes a member of the major facilitator superfamily of transporter proteins. The encoded protein likely functions in efflux of organic anions, including the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs indomethacin and diclofenac. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2009]

PRDM5 Gene

PR domain containing 5

The protein encoded by this gene is a transcription factor of the PR-domain protein family. It contains a PR-domain and multiple zinc finger motifs. Transcription factors of the PR-domain family are known to be involved in cell differentiation and tumorigenesis. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

KHDC1 Gene

KH homology domain containing 1

DALRD3 Gene

DALR anticodon binding domain containing 3

The exact function of this gene is not known. It encodes a protein with a DALR anticodon binding domain similar to that of class Ia aminoacyl tRNA synthetases. This gene is located in a cluster of genes (with a complex sense-anti-sense genome architecture) on chromosome 3, and contains two micro RNA (miRNA) precursors (mir-425 and mir-191) in one of its introns. Preferential expression of this gene (the miRNAs and other genes in the cluster) in testis suggests a role of this gene in spermatogenesis (PMID:19906709). [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2013]

INF2 Gene

inverted formin, FH2 and WH2 domain containing

This gene represents a member of the formin family of proteins. It is considered a diaphanous formin due to the presence of a diaphanous inhibitory domain located at the N-terminus of the encoded protein. Studies of a similar mouse protein indicate that the protein encoded by this locus may function in polymerization and depolymerization of actin filaments. Mutations at this locus have been associated with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis 5.[provided by RefSeq, Aug 2010]

CHCHD10 Gene

coiled-coil-helix-coiled-coil-helix domain containing 10

This gene encodes a mitochondrial protein that is enriched at cristae junctions in the intermembrane space. It may play a role in cristae morphology maintenance or oxidative phosphorylation. Mutations in this gene cause frontotemporal dementia and/or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-2. Alternative splicing of this gene results in multiple transcript variants. Related pseudogenes have been identified on chromosomes 7 and 19. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2014]

CNTD1 Gene

cyclin N-terminal domain containing 1

CNTD2 Gene

cyclin N-terminal domain containing 2

DCDC2B Gene

doublecortin domain containing 2B

This gene encodes a member of the doublecortin family. The protein encoded by this gene contains two doublecortin domains. The doublecortin domain has been demonstrated to bind tubulin and enhance microtubule polymerization. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2010]

DCDC2C Gene

doublecortin domain containing 2C

PRDM9 Gene

PR domain containing 9

The PR domain is a protein-protein interaction module of about 100 amino acids. PR domain-containing proteins, such as PRDM9, are often involved in transcriptional regulation (Jiang and Huang, 2000 [PubMed 10668202]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

LOC100128795 Gene

coiled-coil domain-containing protein 144A-like

BTBD7P1 Gene

BTB (POZ) domain containing 7 pseudogene 1

PDZRN4 Gene

PDZ domain containing ring finger 4

PDZRN3 Gene

PDZ domain containing ring finger 3

This gene encodes a member of the LNX (Ligand of Numb Protein-X) family of RING-type ubiquitin E3 ligases. This protein may function in vascular morphogenesis and the differentiation of adipocytes, osteoblasts and myoblasts. This protein may be targeted for degradation by the human papilloma virus E6 protein. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2014]

LOC388955 Gene

PRELI domain-containing protein 1, mitochondrial pseudogene

DENND1C Gene

DENN/MADD domain containing 1C

Clathrin (see MIM 118955)-mediated endocytosis is a major mechanism for internalization of proteins and lipids. Members of the connecdenn family, such as DENND1C, function as guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) for the early endosomal small GTPase RAB35 (MIM 604199) and bind to clathrin and clathrin adaptor protein-2 (AP2; see MIM 601024). Thus, connecdenns link RAB35 activation with the clathrin machinery (Marat and McPherson, 2010 [PubMed 20154091]).[supplied by OMIM, Nov 2010]

DENND1B Gene

DENN/MADD domain containing 1B

Clathrin (see MIM 118955)-mediated endocytosis is a major mechanism for internalization of proteins and lipids. Members of the connecdenn family, such as DENND1B, function as guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) for the early endosomal small GTPase RAB35 (MIM 604199) and bind to clathrin and clathrin adaptor protein-2 (AP2; see MIM 601024). Thus, connecdenns link RAB35 activation with the clathrin machinery (Marat and McPherson, 2010 [PubMed 20154091]).[supplied by OMIM, Nov 2010]

DENND1A Gene

DENN/MADD domain containing 1A

Clathrin (see MIM 118955)-mediated endocytosis is a major mechanism for internalization of proteins and lipids. Members of the connecdenn family, such as DENND1A, function as guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) for the early endosomal small GTPase RAB35 (MIM 604199) and bind to clathrin and clathrin adaptor protein-2 (AP2; see MIM 601024). Thus, connecdenns link RAB35 activation with the clathrin machinery (Marat and McPherson, 2010 [PubMed 20154091]).[supplied by OMIM, Nov 2010]

ZCCHC12 Gene

zinc finger, CCHC domain containing 12

ZCCHC11 Gene

zinc finger, CCHC domain containing 11

ZCCHC11 is an RNA uridyltransferase (EC 2.7.7.52) that uses UTP to add uridines to the 3-prime end of substrate RNA molecules (Jones et al., 2009 [PubMed 19701194]).[supplied by OMIM, Jan 2011]

ZCCHC10 Gene

zinc finger, CCHC domain containing 10

ZCCHC17 Gene

zinc finger, CCHC domain containing 17

ZCCHC16 Gene

zinc finger, CCHC domain containing 16

ZCCHC14 Gene

zinc finger, CCHC domain containing 14

ZCCHC18 Gene

zinc finger, CCHC domain containing 18

ANKS4B Gene

ankyrin repeat and sterile alpha motif domain containing 4B

IMPAD1 Gene

inositol monophosphatase domain containing 1

This gene encodes a member of the inositol monophosphatase family. The encoded protein is localized to the Golgi apparatus and catalyzes the hydrolysis of phosphoadenosine phosphate (PAP) to adenosine monophosphate (AMP). Mutations in this gene are a cause of GRAPP type chondrodysplasia with joint dislocations, and a pseudogene of this gene is located on the long arm of chromosome 1. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2011]

LOC100129224 Gene

ankyrin repeat domain-containing protein SOWAHC-like

CENPBD1 Gene

CENPB DNA-binding domains containing 1

TRIM51EP Gene

tripartite motif-containing 51E, pseudogene

CHCHD2P10 Gene

coiled-coil-helix-coiled-coil-helix domain containing 2 pseudogene 10

CCDC77 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 77

CCDC73 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 73

LOC440180 Gene

zinc finger, CCHC domain containing 7 pseudogene

IGSF6-DREV1 Gene

region containing immunoglobulin superfamily, member 6 and DREV1

THAP1 Gene

THAP domain containing, apoptosis associated protein 1

The protein encoded by this gene contains a THAP domain, a conserved DNA-binding domain. This protein colocalizes with the apoptosis response protein PAWR/PAR-4 in promyelocytic leukemia (PML) nuclear bodies, and functions as a proapoptotic factor that links PAWR to PML nuclear bodies. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been observed. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SNW1 Gene

SNW domain containing 1

This gene, a member of the SNW gene family, encodes a coactivator that enhances transcription from some Pol II promoters. This coactivator can bind to the ligand-binding domain of the vitamin D receptor and to retinoid receptors to enhance vitamin D-, retinoic acid-, estrogen-, and glucocorticoid-mediated gene expression. It can also function as a splicing factor by interacting with poly(A)-binding protein 2 to directly control the expression of muscle-specific genes at the transcriptional level. Finally, the protein may be involved in oncogenesis since it interacts with a region of SKI oncoproteins that is required for transforming activity. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

OCIAD2 Gene

OCIA domain containing 2

OCIAD1 Gene

OCIA domain containing 1

TRIM78P Gene

tripartite motif containing 78, pseudogene

LOC283028 Gene

putative SCAN domain-containing protein SCAND2P

ABHD12B Gene

abhydrolase domain containing 12B

ZDHHC20 Gene

zinc finger, DHHC-type containing 20

ZDHHC21 Gene

zinc finger, DHHC-type containing 21

ZDHHC22 Gene

zinc finger, DHHC-type containing 22

ZDHHC23 Gene

zinc finger, DHHC-type containing 23

ZDHHC24 Gene

zinc finger, DHHC-type containing 24

VWA8 Gene

von Willebrand factor A domain containing 8

VWA7 Gene

von Willebrand factor A domain containing 7

VWA2 Gene

von Willebrand factor A domain containing 2

This gene encodes a member of the von Willebrand factor A-like domain protein superfamily. The encoded protein is localized to the extracellular matrix and may serve as a structural component in basement membranes or in anchoring structures on scaffolds of collagen VII or fibrillin. This gene has been linked to type 1A diabetes and is a candidate serological marker for colon cancer. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2013]

VWA1 Gene

von Willebrand factor A domain containing 1

VWA1 belongs to the von Willebrand factor (VWF; MIM 613160) A (VWFA) domain superfamily of extracellular matrix proteins and appears to play a role in cartilage structure and function (Fitzgerald et al., 2002 [PubMed 12062410]).[supplied by OMIM, Nov 2010]

ISLR Gene

immunoglobulin superfamily containing leucine-rich repeat

TYSND1 Gene

trypsin domain containing 1

This gene encodes a protease that removes the N-terminal peroxisomal targeting signal (PTS2) from proteins produced in the cytosol, thereby facilitating their import into the peroxisome. The encoded protein is also capable of removing the C-terminal peroxisomal targeting signal (PTS1) from proteins in the peroxisomal matrix. The full-length protein undergoes self-cleavage to produce shorter, potentially inactive, peptides. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2013]

TCEANC2 Gene

transcription elongation factor A (SII) N-terminal and central domain containing 2

SORCS1 Gene

sortilin-related VPS10 domain containing receptor 1

This gene encodes one family member of vacuolar protein sorting 10 (VPS10) domain-containing receptor proteins. The VPS10 domain name comes from the yeast carboxypeptidase Y sorting receptor Vps10 protein. Members of this gene family are large with many exons but the CDS lengths are usually less than 3700 nt. Very large introns typically separate the exons encoding the VPS10 domain; the remaining exons are separated by much smaller-sized introns. These genes are strongly expressed in the central nervous system. Two of the five family members (sortilin and sortilin-related receptor) are synthesized as preproproteins; it is not yet known if this encoded protein is also a preproprotein. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SORCS2 Gene

sortilin-related VPS10 domain containing receptor 2

This gene encodes one family member of vacuolar protein sorting 10 (VPS10) domain-containing receptor proteins. The VPS10 domain name comes from the yeast carboxypeptidase Y sorting receptor Vps10 protein. Members of this gene family are large with many exons but the CDS lengths are usually less than 3700 nt. Very large introns typically separate the exons encoding the VPS10 domain; the remaining exons are separated by much smaller-sized introns. These genes are strongly expressed in the central nervous system. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SORCS3 Gene

sortilin-related VPS10 domain containing receptor 3

This gene encodes a type-I receptor transmembrane protein that is a member of the vacuolar protein sorting 10 receptor family. Proteins of this family are defined by a vacuolar protein sorting 10 domain at the N-terminus. The N-terminal segment of this domain has a consensus motif for proprotein convertase processing, and the C-terminal segment of this domain is characterized by ten conserved cysteine residues. The vacuolar protein sorting 10 domain is followed by a leucine-rich segment, a transmembrane domain, and a short C-terminal cytoplasmic domain that interacts with adaptor molecules. The transcript is expressed at high levels in the brain, and candidate gene studies suggest that genetic variation in this gene is associated with Alzheimer's disease. Consistent with this observation, knockdown of the gene in cell culture results in an increase in amyloid precursor protein processing. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2014]

VWA3B Gene

von Willebrand factor A domain containing 3B

VWA3A Gene

von Willebrand factor A domain containing 3A

PLEKHN1 Gene

pleckstrin homology domain containing, family N member 1

ZC3HC1 Gene

zinc finger, C3HC-type containing 1

This gene encodes an F-box-containing protein that is a component of an SCF-type E3 ubiquitin ligase complex that regulates the onset of cell division. The G2/M transition in the cell cycle requires the interaction of the proteins cyclin B1 and cyclin-dependent kinase 1. The activated ubiquitin ligase complex targets the protein cyclin B1 for degradation, preventing this transition to mitosis. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2013]

FOXRED2 Gene

FAD-dependent oxidoreductase domain containing 2

FOXRED1 Gene

FAD-dependent oxidoreductase domain containing 1

This gene encodes a protein that contains a FAD-dependent oxidoreductase domain. The encoded protein is localized to the mitochondria and may function as a chaperone protein required for the function of mitochondrial complex I. Mutations in this gene are associated with mitochondrial complex I deficiency. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2010]

LOC100129589 Gene

TM2 domain containing 3 pseudogene

MBTD1 Gene

mbt domain containing 1

CCDC179 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 179

CCDC181 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 181

CCDC180 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 180

CCDC183 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 183

CCDC182 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 182

CCDC185 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 185

CCDC184 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 184

CCDC186 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 186

DDHD2 Gene

DDHD domain containing 2

This gene encodes a phospholipase enzyme containing sterile-alpha-motif (SAM), WWE, and DDHD domains. This protein participates in membrane trafficking between the endoplastic reticulum and the Golgi body. Mutations in this gene can cause autosomal recessive spastic paraplegia 54. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2013]

LOC100420514 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 86 pseudogene

LOC100421197 Gene

zinc finger and BTB domain containing 10 pseudogene

LOC101929135 Gene

RWD domain-containing protein 2B pseudogene

ANKFN1 Gene

ankyrin-repeat and fibronectin type III domain containing 1

TECPR1 Gene

tectonin beta-propeller repeat containing 1

This gene encodes a tethering factor involved in autophagy. The encoded protein is found at autolysosomes, and is involved in targeting protein aggregates, damaged mitochondria, and bacterial pathogens for autophagy [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2012]

TECPR2 Gene

tectonin beta-propeller repeat containing 2

CLDND1 Gene

claudin domain containing 1

CLDND2 Gene

claudin domain containing 2

BAHCC1 Gene

BAH domain and coiled-coil containing 1

DENND2A Gene

DENN/MADD domain containing 2A

WWC2 Gene

WW and C2 domain containing 2

C2CD4A Gene

C2 calcium-dependent domain containing 4A

C2CD4B Gene

C2 calcium-dependent domain containing 4B

C2CD4C Gene

C2 calcium-dependent domain containing 4C

C2CD4D Gene

C2 calcium-dependent domain containing 4D

LOC100422094 Gene

potassium channel tetramerization domain containing 5 pseudogene

ZC3H6 Gene

zinc finger CCCH-type containing 6

TMBIM6 Gene

transmembrane BAX inhibitor motif containing 6

TMBIM4 Gene

transmembrane BAX inhibitor motif containing 4

TMBIM1 Gene

transmembrane BAX inhibitor motif containing 1

MSANTD2P1 Gene

Myb/SANT-like DNA-binding domain containing 2 pseudogene 1

LOC100862682 Gene

nucleus accumbens associated 1, BEN and BTB (POZ) domain containing pseudogene

PLEKHA3P1 Gene

pleckstrin homology domain containing, family A member 3 pseudogene 1

CCDC23 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 23

CCDC22 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 22

This gene encodes a protein containing a coiled-coil domain. The encoded protein functions in the regulation of NF-kB (nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells) by interacting with COMMD (copper metabolism Murr1 domain-containing) proteins. The mouse orthologous protein has been shown to bind copines, which are calcium-dependent, membrane-binding proteins that may function in calcium signaling. This human gene has been identified as a novel candidate gene for syndromic X-linked intellectual disability. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2013]

CCDC25 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 25

CCDC24 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 24

CCDC27 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 27

KCTD20 Gene

potassium channel tetramerization domain containing 20

KCTD21 Gene

potassium channel tetramerization domain containing 21

LOC102725104 Gene

coiled-coil domain-containing protein 29-like

LOC100131689 Gene

pumilio domain-containing protein KIAA0020-like

TRIM59 Gene

tripartite motif containing 59

TRIM58 Gene

tripartite motif containing 58

TRIM55 Gene

tripartite motif containing 55

The protein encoded by this gene contains a RING zinc finger, a motif known to be involved in protein-protein interactions. This protein associates transiently with microtubules, myosin, and titin during muscle sarcomere assembly. It may act as a transient adaptor and plays a regulatory role in the assembly of sarcomeres. Four alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TRIM54 Gene

tripartite motif containing 54

The protein encoded by this gene contains a RING finger motif and is highly similar to the ring finger proteins RNF28/MURF1 and RNF29/MURF2. In vitro studies demonstrated that this protein, RNF28, and RNF29 form heterodimers, which may be important for the regulation of titin kinase and microtubule-dependent signal pathways in striated muscles. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been reported. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TRIM56 Gene

tripartite motif containing 56

TRIM50 Gene

tripartite motif containing 50

TRIM52 Gene

tripartite motif containing 52

LOC100131849 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 53 pseudogene

MAMLD1 Gene

mastermind-like domain containing 1

This gene encodes a mastermind-like domain containing protein. This protein may function as a transcriptional co-activator. Mutations in this gene are the cause of X-linked hypospadias type 2. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2010]

LOC105371788 Gene

leucine-rich repeat-containing protein 37B-like

SARM1 Gene

sterile alpha and TIR motif containing 1

KLHDC10 Gene

kelch domain containing 10

CHURC1 Gene

churchill domain containing 1

COMMD10 Gene

COMM domain containing 10

ZDHHC20P3 Gene

zinc finger, DHHC-type containing 20 pseudogene 3

SH2D4A Gene

SH2 domain containing 4A

SH2D4B Gene

SH2 domain containing 4B

TMED7 Gene

transmembrane emp24 protein transport domain containing 7

TMED6 Gene

transmembrane emp24 protein transport domain containing 6

TMED5 Gene

transmembrane emp24 protein transport domain containing 5

TMED4 Gene

transmembrane emp24 protein transport domain containing 4

TMED3 Gene

transmembrane emp24 protein transport domain containing 3

TMED1 Gene

transmembrane emp24 protein transport domain containing 1

This gene belongs to the TMED (transmembrane emp24 domain-containing) protein family, which is involved in the vesicular trafficking of proteins. The protein encoded by this gene was identified by its interaction with interleukin 1 receptor-like 1 (IL1RL1) and may play a role in innate immunity. This protein lacks any similarity to other interleukin 1 ligands. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants of this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2013]

TMED9 Gene

transmembrane emp24 protein transport domain containing 9

TMED8 Gene

transmembrane emp24 protein transport domain containing 8

EGFEM1P Gene

EGF-like and EMI domain containing 1, pseudogene

LOC100419574 Gene

HECT and RLD domain containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 2 pseudogene

HKDC1 Gene

hexokinase domain containing 1

MFSD11 Gene

major facilitator superfamily domain containing 11

MFSD12 Gene

major facilitator superfamily domain containing 12

LOC100379236 Gene

patatin-like phospholipase domain containing 4 pseudogene 1

ATAD5 Gene

ATPase family, AAA domain containing 5

ATAD1 Gene

ATPase family, AAA domain containing 1

ATAD2 Gene

ATPase family, AAA domain containing 2

A large family of ATPases has been described, whose key feature is that they share a conserved region of about 220 amino acids that contains an ATP-binding site. The proteins that belong to this family either contain one or two AAA (ATPases Associated with diverse cellular Activities) domains. AAA family proteins often perform chaperone-like functions that assist in the assembly, operation, or disassembly of protein complexes. The protein encoded by this gene contains two AAA domains, as well as a bromodomain. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

ELMSAN1 Gene

ELM2 and Myb/SANT-like domain containing 1

AKNAD1 Gene

AKNA domain containing 1

This gene encodes a protein which contains a domain found in an AT-hook-containing transcription factor. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, May 2012]

CARKD Gene

carbohydrate kinase domain containing

NIPAL1 Gene

NIPA-like domain containing 1

NIPAL2 Gene

NIPA-like domain containing 2

NIPAL3 Gene

NIPA-like domain containing 3

NIPAL4 Gene

NIPA-like domain containing 4

This gene likely encodes a membrane receptor. Mutations in this gene have been associated with autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2010]

YRDC Gene

yrdC N(6)-threonylcarbamoyltransferase domain containing

CHID1 Gene

chitinase domain containing 1

AHCTF1 Gene

AT hook containing transcription factor 1

KXD1 Gene

KxDL motif containing 1

ABTB1 Gene

ankyrin repeat and BTB (POZ) domain containing 1

This gene encodes a protein with an ankyrin repeat region and two BTB/POZ domains, which are thought to be involved in protein-protein interactions. Expression of this gene is activated by the phosphatase and tensin homolog, a tumor suppressor. Alternate splicing results in three transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2010]

ABTB2 Gene

ankyrin repeat and BTB (POZ) domain containing 2

PNPLA4P1 Gene

patatin-like phospholipase domain containing 4 pseudogene 1

SAPCD2P4 Gene

suppressor APC domain containing 2 pseudogene 4

SAPCD2P1 Gene

suppressor APC domain containing 2 pseudogene 1

SAPCD2P3 Gene

suppressor APC domain containing 2 pseudogene 3

SAPCD2P2 Gene

suppressor APC domain containing 2 pseudogene 2

LOC105379197 Gene

pleckstrin homology domain-containing family A member 7-like

GLT1D1 Gene

glycosyltransferase 1 domain containing 1

TDRD12 Gene

tudor domain containing 12

TDRD10 Gene

tudor domain containing 10

TDRD15 Gene

tudor domain containing 15

BRD7P1 Gene

bromodomain containing 7 pseudogene 1

BRD7P3 Gene

bromodomain containing 7 pseudogene 3

BRD7P2 Gene

bromodomain containing 7 pseudogene 2

BRD7P5 Gene

bromodomain containing 7 pseudogene 5

BRD7P4 Gene

bromodomain containing 7 pseudogene 4

BRD7P6 Gene

bromodomain containing 7 pseudogene 6

RBCK1 Gene

RanBP-type and C3HC4-type zinc finger containing 1

The protein encoded by this gene is similar to mouse UIP28/UbcM4 interacting protein. Alternative splicing has been observed at this locus, resulting in distinct isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC101930027 Gene

FERM and PDZ domain-containing protein 2-like

MPND Gene

MPN domain containing

PDZK1P1 Gene

PDZ domain containing 1 pseudogene 1

BRWD3 Gene

bromodomain and WD repeat domain containing 3

The protein encoded by this gene contains a bromodomain and several WD repeats. It is thought to have a chromatin-modifying function, and may thus play a role in transcription. Mutations in this gene cause mental retardation X-linked type 93, which is also referred to as mental retardation X-linked with macrocephaly. This gene is also associated with translocations in patients with B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia. [provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

BRWD1 Gene

bromodomain and WD repeat domain containing 1

This gene encodes a member of the WD repeat protein family. WD repeats are minimally conserved regions of approximately 40 amino acids typically bracketed by gly-his and trp-asp (GH-WD) residues which may facilitate formation of heterotrimeric or multiprotein complexes. Members of this family are involved in a variety of cellular processes including cell cycle progression, signal transduction, apoptosis, and gene regulation. This protein contains 2 bromodomains and multiple WD repeats. This gene is located within the Down syndrome region-2 on chromosome 21. Alternative splicing of this gene generates multiple transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms. In mouse, this gene encodes a nuclear protein that has a polyglutamine-containing region that functions as a transcriptional activation domain which may regulate chromatin remodelling and associates with a component of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodelling complex.[provided by RefSeq, Jun 2011]

PDXDC1 Gene

pyridoxal-dependent decarboxylase domain containing 1

BPIFB3 Gene

BPI fold containing family B, member 3

BPIFB2 Gene

BPI fold containing family B, member 2

This gene encodes a member of the lipid transfer/lipopolysaccharide binding protein (LT/LBP) gene family. It is highly expressed in hypertrophic tonsils. This gene and three other members of the LT/LBP gene family form a cluster on the long arm of chromosome 20. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

BPIFB1 Gene

BPI fold containing family B, member 1

The protein encoded by this gene may be involved in the innate immune response to bacterial exposure in the mouth, nasal cavities, and lungs. The encoded protein is secreted and is a member of the BPI/LBP/PLUNC protein superfamily. This gene is found with other members of the superfamily in a cluster on chromosome 20. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

BPIFB6 Gene

BPI fold containing family B, member 6

BPIFB4 Gene

BPI fold containing family B, member 4

ZSCAN18 Gene

zinc finger and SCAN domain containing 18

ZSCAN10 Gene

zinc finger and SCAN domain containing 10

ZSCAN12 Gene

zinc finger and SCAN domain containing 12

ZSCAN16 Gene

zinc finger and SCAN domain containing 16

LOC100130075 Gene

SUZ RNA binding domain containing 1 pseudogene

NMRAL1 Gene

NmrA-like family domain containing 1

This gene encodes an NADPH sensor protein that preferentially binds to NADPH. The encoded protein also negatively regulates the activity of NF-kappaB in a ubiquitylation-dependent manner. It plays a key role in cellular antiviral response by negatively regulating the interferon response factor 3-mediated expression of interferon beta. Alternative splicing of this gene results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2015]

LRRC37A4P Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 37, member A4, pseudogene

CCT8P1 Gene

chaperonin containing TCP1, subunit 8 (theta) pseudogene 1

LRRIQ3 Gene

leucine-rich repeats and IQ motif containing 3

LOC100420418 Gene

tripartite motif containing 60 pseudogene

IQCA1L Gene

IQ motif containing with AAA domain 1 like

ZBTB8A Gene

zinc finger and BTB domain containing 8A

ZBTB8B Gene

zinc finger and BTB domain containing 8B

LOC643067 Gene

HORMA domain containing 1 pseudogene

DDHD1 Gene

DDHD domain containing 1

FHDC1 Gene

FH2 domain containing 1

LOC101059997 Gene

alpha/beta hydrolase domain-containing protein 17A-like

ZMIZ2 Gene

zinc finger, MIZ-type containing 2

ZMIZ2 and ZMIZ1 (MIM 607159) are members of a PIAS (see MIM 603566)-like family of proteins that interact with nuclear hormone receptors. ZMIZ2 interacts with androgen receptor (AR; MIM 313700) and enhances AR-mediated transcription (Huang et al., 2005 [PubMed 16051670]).[supplied by OMIM, May 2010]

ZMIZ1 Gene

zinc finger, MIZ-type containing 1

This gene encodes a member of the PIAS (protein inhibitor of activated STAT) family of proteins. The encoded protein regulates the activity of various transcription factors, including the androgen receptor, Smad3/4, and p53. The encoded protein may also play a role in sumoylation. A translocation between this locus on chromosome 10 and the protein tyrosine kinase ABL1 locus on chromosome 9 has been associated with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2010]

CCDC58P1 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 58 pseudogene 1

RCBTB2P1 Gene

regulator of chromosome condensation (RCC1) and BTB (POZ) domain containing protein 2 pseudogene 1

SDAD1P4 Gene

SDA1 domain containing 1 pseudogene 4

GLOD5 Gene

glyoxalase domain containing 5

This gene encodes a protein with a glyoxalase domain. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2011]

GLOD4 Gene

glyoxalase domain containing 4

ZBED4 Gene

zinc finger, BED-type containing 4

SCFD1 Gene

sec1 family domain containing 1

SCFD2 Gene

sec1 family domain containing 2

BHMG1 Gene

basic helix-loop-helix and HMG box domain containing 1

LOC100128983 Gene

mbt domain containing 1 pseudogene

LOC729722 Gene

ankyrin repeat domain-containing protein ENSP00000383090-like

TRIM43B Gene

tripartite motif containing 43B

This gene encodes a member of a family of proteins containing RING-finger, SPRY, and BBC domains. There is no definitive support for transcription of this locus, and the transcript structure is inferred from other family members. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]

CCDC74B Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 74B

LOC644249 Gene

coiled-coil domain-containing protein 29-like

ASB9P1 Gene

ankyrin repeat and SOCS box containing 9 pseudogene 1

AARSD1 Gene

alanyl-tRNA synthetase domain containing 1

WDYHV1 Gene

WDYHV motif containing 1

AAMDC Gene

adipogenesis associated, Mth938 domain containing

BRCC3P1 Gene

BRCA1/BRCA2-containing complex, subunit 3 pseudogene 1

GATAD2A Gene

GATA zinc finger domain containing 2A

THAP5P2 Gene

THAP domain containing 5 pseudogene 2

THAP5P1 Gene

THAP domain containing 5 pseudogene 1

PIH1D2 Gene

PIH1 domain containing 2

PIH1D3 Gene

PIH1 domain containing 3

PIH1D1 Gene

PIH1 domain containing 1

LOC102724207 Gene

ankyrin repeat domain-containing protein 36C-like

ZDHHC11B Gene

zinc finger, DHHC-type containing 11B

MAMDC4 Gene

MAM domain containing 4

MAMDC2 Gene

MAM domain containing 2

BPIFB9P Gene

BPI fold containing family B, member 9, pseudogene

SYNE1 Gene

spectrin repeat containing, nuclear envelope 1

This gene encodes a spectrin repeat containing protein expressed in skeletal and smooth muscle, and peripheral blood lymphocytes, that localizes to the nuclear membrane. Mutations in this gene have been associated with autosomal recessive spinocerebellar ataxia 8, also referred to as autosomal recessive cerebellar ataxia type 1 or recessive ataxia of Beauce. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SYNE2 Gene

spectrin repeat containing, nuclear envelope 2

The protein encoded by this gene is a nuclear outer membrane protein that binds cytoplasmic F-actin. This binding tethers the nucleus to the cytoskeleton and aids in the maintenance of the structural integrity of the nucleus. Several transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2009]

SYNE3 Gene

spectrin repeat containing, nuclear envelope family member 3

SYNE4 Gene

spectrin repeat containing, nuclear envelope family member 4

LOC100132025 Gene

transmembrane domain-containing protein ENSP00000320207-like

LOC101060391 Gene

zinc finger CCCH domain-containing protein 18-like

HEATR5A Gene

HEAT repeat containing 5A

HEATR5B Gene

HEAT repeat containing 5B

LETM2 Gene

leucine zipper-EF-hand containing transmembrane protein 2

LOC100421674 Gene

kelch repeat and BTB (POZ) domain containing 2 pseudogene

PLBD2 Gene

phospholipase B domain containing 2

PLBD1 Gene

phospholipase B domain containing 1

PTAR1 Gene

protein prenyltransferase alpha subunit repeat containing 1

YEATS2 Gene

YEATS domain containing 2

YEATS2 is a scaffolding subunit of the ADA2A (TADA2A; MIM 602276)-containing (ATAC) histone acetyltransferase complex (Wang et al., 2008 [PubMed 18838386]).[supplied by OMIM, Apr 2010]

TRIM60P2Y Gene

tripartite motif containing 60 pseudogene 2, Y-linked

TCEANC Gene

transcription elongation factor A (SII) N-terminal and central domain containing

CNPPD1 Gene

cyclin Pas1/PHO80 domain containing 1

CMC1 Gene

C-x(9)-C motif containing 1

CMC2 Gene

C-x(9)-C motif containing 2

CMC4 Gene

C-x(9)-C motif containing 4

This gene was identified by involvement in some t(X;14) translocations associated with mature T-cell proliferations. This region has a complex gene structure, with a common promoter and 5' exon spliced to two different sets of 3' exons that encode two different proteins. This gene represents the downstream 8 kDa protein that localizes to mitochondria.[provided by RefSeq, Mar 2009]

LOC100421537 Gene

inositol monophosphatase domain containing 1 pseudogene

PRDM4 Gene

PR domain containing 4

The protein encoded by this gene is a transcription factor of the PR-domain protein family. It contains a PR-domain and multiple zinc finger motifs. Transcription factors of the PR-domain family are known to be involved in cell differentiation and tumorigenesis. An elevated expression level of this gene has been observed in PC12 cells treated with nerve growth factor, beta polypeptide (NGF). This gene is located in a chromosomal region that is thought to contain tumor suppressor genes. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SLURP1 Gene

secreted LY6/PLAUR domain containing 1

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the Ly6/uPAR family but lacks a GPI-anchoring signal sequence. It is thought that this secreted protein contains antitumor activity. Mutations in this gene have been associated with Mal de Meleda, a rare autosomal recessive skin disorder. This gene maps to the same chromosomal region as several members of the Ly6/uPAR family of glycoprotein receptors. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

RSL1D1 Gene

ribosomal L1 domain containing 1

LOC727896 Gene

cysteine and histidine-rich domain (CHORD) containing 1 pseudogene

NLRC4 Gene

NLR family, CARD domain containing 4

This gene encodes a member of the caspase recruitment domain-containing NLR family. Family members play essential roles in innate immune response to a wide range of pathogenic organisms, tissue damage and other cellular stresses. Mutations in this gene result in autoinflammation with infantile enterocolitis. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2014]

NLRC5 Gene

NLR family, CARD domain containing 5

This gene encodes a member of the caspase recruitment domain-containing NLR family. This gene plays a role in cytokine response and antiviral immunity through its inhibition of NF-kappa-B activation and negative regulation of type I interferon signaling pathways. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2011]

NLRC3 Gene

NLR family, CARD domain containing 3

This gene encodes a NOD-like receptor family member. The encoded protein is a cytosolic regulator of innate immunity. This protein directly interacts with stimulator of interferon genes (STING), to prevent its proper trafficking, resulting in disruption of STING-dependent activation of the innate immune response. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2014]

DYDC2 Gene

DPY30 domain containing 2

This gene encodes a member of a family of proteins that contains a DPY30 domain. This gene locus overlaps with a closely related gene on the opposite strand. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2012]

DYDC1 Gene

DPY30 domain containing 1

This gene encodes a member of a family of proteins that contains a DPY30 domain. The encoded protein is involved in acrosome formation during spermatid development. This gene locus overlaps with a closely related gene on the opposite strand. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2012]

AHDC1 Gene

AT hook, DNA binding motif, containing 1

This gene encodes a protein containing two AT-hooks, which likely function in DNA binding. Mutations in this gene were found in individuals with Xia-Gibbs syndrome. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2014]

RSPRY1 Gene

ring finger and SPRY domain containing 1

This gene encodes a glycoprotein that contains a RING-type zinc finger domain and an SPRY domain of unknown function. Alternative splicing of this gene results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2015]

ANKAR Gene

ankyrin and armadillo repeat containing

LOC389768 Gene

potassium channel tetramerization domain containing 1 pseudogene

LOC100422426 Gene

CASP2 and RIPK1 domain containing adaptor with death domain pseudogene

ZC3H10 Gene

zinc finger CCCH-type containing 10

ZC3H13 Gene

zinc finger CCCH-type containing 13

ZC3H14 Gene

zinc finger CCCH-type containing 14

ZC3H14 belongs to a family of poly(A)-binding proteins that influence gene expression by regulating mRNA stability, nuclear export, and translation (Kelly et al., 2007 [PubMed 17630287]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2010]

ZC3H18 Gene

zinc finger CCCH-type containing 18

DENND4A Gene

DENN/MADD domain containing 4A

DENND4B Gene

DENN/MADD domain containing 4B

PAMR1 Gene

peptidase domain containing associated with muscle regeneration 1

GHDC Gene

GH3 domain containing

FYCO1 Gene

FYVE and coiled-coil domain containing 1

This gene encodes a protein that contains a RUN domain, FYVE-type zinc finger domain and Golgi dynamics (GOLD) domain. The encoded protein plays a role in microtubule plus end-directed transport of autophagic vesicles through interactions with the small GTPase Rab7, phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate (PI3P) and the autophagosome marker LC3. Mutations in this gene are a cause of autosomal recessive congenital cataract-2 (CATC2). [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2011]

CUEDC1 Gene

CUE domain containing 1

CUEDC2 Gene

CUE domain containing 2

TRIM51FP Gene

tripartite motif-containing 51F, pseudogene

BRD8 Gene

bromodomain containing 8

The protein encoded by this gene interacts with thyroid hormone receptor in a ligand-dependent manner and enhances thyroid hormone-dependent activation from thyroid response elements. This protein contains a bromodomain and is thought to be a nuclear receptor coactivator. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants that encode distinct isoforms have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2014]

BRD9 Gene

bromodomain containing 9

BRD4 Gene

bromodomain containing 4

The protein encoded by this gene is homologous to the murine protein MCAP, which associates with chromosomes during mitosis, and to the human RING3 protein, a serine/threonine kinase. Each of these proteins contains two bromodomains, a conserved sequence motif which may be involved in chromatin targeting. This gene has been implicated as the chromosome 19 target of translocation t(15;19)(q13;p13.1), which defines an upper respiratory tract carcinoma in young people. Two alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

BRD7 Gene

bromodomain containing 7

This gene encodes a protein which is a member of the bromodomain-containing protein family. The product of this gene has been identified as a component of one form of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex, and as a protein which interacts with p53 and is required for p53-dependent oncogene-induced senescence which prevents tumor growth. Pseudogenes have been described on chromosomes 2, 3, 6, 13 and 14. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2010]

BRD1 Gene

bromodomain containing 1

This gene encodes a bromodomain-containing protein that localizes to the nucleus and can interact with DNA and histone tails. The encoded protein is a component of the MOZ/MORF acetyltransferase complex and can stimulate acetylation of histones H3 and H4, thereby potentially playing a role in gene activation. Variation in this gene is associated with schozophrenia and bipolar disorder in some study populations. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2015]

BRD2 Gene

bromodomain containing 2

This gene encodes a transcriptional regulator that belongs to the BET (bromodomains and extra terminal domain) family of proteins. This protein associates with transcription complexes and with acetylated chromatin during mitosis, and it selectively binds to the acetylated lysine-12 residue of histone H4 via its two bromodomains. The gene maps to the major histocompatability complex (MHC) class II region on chromosome 6p21.3, but sequence comparison suggests that the protein is not involved in the immune response. This gene has been implicated in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy, a common form of epilepsy that becomes apparent in adolescence. Multiple alternatively spliced variants have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2010]

BRD3 Gene

bromodomain containing 3

This gene was identified based on its homology to the gene encoding the RING3 protein, a serine/threonine kinase. The gene localizes to 9q34, a region which contains several major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes. The function of the encoded protein is not known. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

ZSCAN9 Gene

zinc finger and SCAN domain containing 9

ZSCAN4 Gene

zinc finger and SCAN domain containing 4

The ZSCAN4 gene encodes a protein involved in telomere maintenance and with a key role in the critical feature of mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells, namely, defying cellular senescence and maintaining normal karyotype for many cell divisions in culture (Zalzman et al., 2010 [PubMed 20336070]).[supplied by OMIM, May 2010]

ZSCAN1 Gene

zinc finger and SCAN domain containing 1

ZSCAN2 Gene

zinc finger and SCAN domain containing 2

The protein encoded by this gene contains several copies of zinc finger motif, which is commonly found in transcriptional regulatory proteins. Studies in mice show that this gene is expressed during embryonic development, and specifically in the testis in adult mice, suggesting that it may play a role in regulating genes in germ cells. Alternative splicing of this gene results in several transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

EFTUD1P1 Gene

elongation factor Tu GTP binding domain containing 1 pseudogene 1

EFTUD1P2 Gene

elongation factor Tu GTP binding domain containing 1 pseudogene 2

PSD Gene

pleckstrin and Sec7 domain containing

This gene encodes a Plekstrin homology and SEC7 domains-containing protein that functions as a guanine nucleotide exchange factor. The encoded protein regulates signal transduction by activating ADP-ribosylation factor 6. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2012]

LOC646388 Gene

zinc finger, CCHC domain containing 9 pseudogene

ANKLE1 Gene

ankyrin repeat and LEM domain containing 1

ANKLE2 Gene

ankyrin repeat and LEM domain containing 2

This gene encodes a member of the LEM family of inner nuclear membrane proteins. The encoded protein functions as a mitotic regulator through postmitotic formation of the nuclear envelope. Mutations in this gene cause morphology defects in the nuclear envelope and BAF hyperphosphorylation. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2014]

TM2D1 Gene

TM2 domain containing 1

The protein encoded by this gene is a beta-amyloid peptide-binding protein. It contains a structural module related to that of the seven transmembrane domain G protein-coupled receptor superfamily and known to be important in heterotrimeric G protein activation. Beta-amyloid peptide has been established to be a causative factor in neuron death and the consequent diminution of cognitive abilities observed in Alzheimer's disease. This protein may be a target of neurotoxic beta-amyloid peptide, and may mediate cellular vulnerability to beta-amyloid peptide toxicity through a G protein-regulated program of cell death. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2008]

TM2D2 Gene

TM2 domain containing 2

The protein encoded by this gene contains a structural module related to that of the seven transmembrane domain G protein-coupled receptor superfamily. This protein has sequence and structural similarities to the beta-amyloid binding protein (BBP), but, unlike BBP, it does not regulate a response to beta-amyloid peptide. This protein may have regulatory roles in cell death or proliferation signal cascades. This gene has multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants which encode two different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TM2D3 Gene

TM2 domain containing 3

The protein encoded by this gene contains a structural module related to that of the seven transmembrane domain G protein-coupled receptor superfamily. This protein has sequence and structural similarities to the beta-amyloid binding protein (BBP), but, unlike BBP, it does not regulate a response to beta-amyloid peptide. This protein may have regulatory roles in cell death or proliferation signal cascades. Several alternatively spliced transcript variants of this gene are described but the full length nature of some variants has not been determined. Multiple polyadenylation sites have been found in this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC100420765 Gene

leucine-rich pentatricopeptide repeat containing pseudogene

RSAD2 Gene

radical S-adenosyl methionine domain containing 2

RSAD1 Gene

radical S-adenosyl methionine domain containing 1

BTBD6P1 Gene

BTB (POZ) domain containing 6 pseudogene 1

EFHC2 Gene

EF-hand domain (C-terminal) containing 2

This gene encodes a protein which contains three DM10 domains and three calcium-binding EF-hand motifs. A related protein is encoded by a gene on chromosome 6. It has been suggested that both proteins are involved in the development of epilepsy (PMID: 15258581, 16112844) and that this gene may be associated with fear recognition in individuals with Turner syndrome. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2011]

EFHC1 Gene

EF-hand domain (C-terminal) containing 1

This gene encodes an EF-hand-containing calcium binding protein. The encoded protein likely plays a role in calcium homeostasis. Mutations in this gene have been associated with susceptibility to juvenile myoclonic epilepsy and juvenile absence epilepsy. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2010]

KLHDC9 Gene

kelch domain containing 9

FYTTD1P1 Gene

forty-two-three domain containing 1 pseudogene 1

UBFD1 Gene

ubiquitin family domain containing 1

LRRC41 Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 41

LRRC40 Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 40

LRRC43 Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 43

LRRC42 Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 42

LRRC45 Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 45

LRRC47 Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 47

LRRC46 Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 46

LRRC49 Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 49

LRRC48 Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 48

FNDC8 Gene

fibronectin type III domain containing 8

FNDC9 Gene

fibronectin type III domain containing 9

FNDC4 Gene

fibronectin type III domain containing 4

FNDC5 Gene

fibronectin type III domain containing 5

This gene encodes a secreted protein that is released from muscle cells during exercise. The encoded protein may participate in the development of brown fat. Translation of the precursor protein initiates at a non-AUG start codon at a position that is conserved as an AUG start codon in other organisms. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2013]

FNDC1 Gene

fibronectin type III domain containing 1

PWWP2B Gene

PWWP domain containing 2B

PWWP2A Gene

PWWP domain containing 2A

CCDC152 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 152

CCDC153 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 153

CCDC150 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 150

CCDC151 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 151

This gene encodes a protein containing coiled-coil domains. The encoded protein functions in outer dynein arm assembly and is required for motile cilia function. Mutations in this gene result in primary ciliary dyskinesia. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2014]

CCDC157 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 157

CCDC154 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 154

CCDC155 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 155

CCDC158 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 158

CCDC159 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 159

LRRC4C Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 4C

NGL1 is a specific binding partner for netrin G1 (NTNG1; MIM 608818), which is a member of the netrin family of axon guidance molecules (Lin et al., 2003 [PubMed 14595443]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

LRRC4B Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 4B

PCED1A Gene

PC-esterase domain containing 1A

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the GDSL/SGNH superfamily. Members of this family are hydrolytic enzymes with esterase and lipase activity and broad substrate specificity. This protein belongs to the Pmr5-Cas1p-esterase subfamily in that it contains the catalytic triad comprised of serine, aspartate and histidine and lacks two conserved regions (glycine after strand S2 and GxND motif). A pseudogene of this gene has been identified on the long arm of chromosome 2. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants that encode different protein isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2012]

PCED1B Gene

PC-esterase domain containing 1B

This gene encodes a protein that belongs to the GDSL/SGNH-like acyl-esterase family. Members of this family are hydrolases thought to function in modification of biopolymers on the cell surface. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2013]

LOC100420569 Gene

ribosomal L24 domain containing 1 pseudogene

MANSC1 Gene

MANSC domain containing 1

GULP1 Gene

GULP, engulfment adaptor PTB domain containing 1

The protein encoded by this gene is an adapter protein necessary for the engulfment of apoptotic cells by phagocytes. Several transcript variants, some protein coding and some thought not to be protein coding, have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2011]

CCDC11P1 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 11 pseudogene 1

NACAD Gene

NAC alpha domain containing

LRRC37BP1 Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 37B pseudogene 1

LOC100131347 Gene

RAD52 motif containing 1 pseudogene

LOC100131340 Gene

5'-nucleotidase domain containing 1 pseudogene

LOC100422593 Gene

DCN1, defective in cullin neddylation 1, domain containing 3 (S. cerevisiae) pseudogene

PYCARD Gene

PYD and CARD domain containing

This gene encodes an adaptor protein that is composed of two protein-protein interaction domains: a N-terminal PYRIN-PAAD-DAPIN domain (PYD) and a C-terminal caspase-recruitment domain (CARD). The PYD and CARD domains are members of the six-helix bundle death domain-fold superfamily that mediates assembly of large signaling complexes in the inflammatory and apoptotic signaling pathways via the activation of caspase. In normal cells, this protein is localized to the cytoplasm; however, in cells undergoing apoptosis, it forms ball-like aggregates near the nuclear periphery. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PRPF38AP2 Gene

PRP38 domain containing A pseudogene 2

CCDC50 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 50

This gene encodes a soluble, cytoplasmic, tyrosine-phosphorylated protein with multiple ubiquitin-interacting domains. Mutations in this gene cause nonsyndromic, postlingual, progressive sensorineural DFNA44 hearing loss. In mouse, the protein is expressed in the inner ear during development and postnatal maturation and associates with microtubule-based structures. This protein may also function as a negative regulator of NF-kB signaling and as an effector of epidermal growth factor (EGF)-mediated cell signaling. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2008]

CCDC51 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 51

CCDC53 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 53

CCDC54 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 54

CCDC57 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 57

CCDC58 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 58

CCDC59 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 59

MBOAT2 Gene

membrane bound O-acyltransferase domain containing 2

MBOAT1 Gene

membrane bound O-acyltransferase domain containing 1

This gene belongs to the membrane-bound O-acetyltransferase superfamily. The encoded transmembrane protein is an enzyme that transfers organic compounds, preferably from oleoyl-CoA, to hydroxyl groups of protein targets in membranes. A translocation disrupting this gene may be associated with brachydactyly syndactyly syndrome. Alternately spliced transcript variants have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2012]

MBOAT7 Gene

membrane bound O-acyltransferase domain containing 7

This gene encodes a member of the membrane-bound O-acyltransferases family of integral membrane proteins that have acyltransferase activity. The encoded protein is a lysophosphatidylinositol acyltransferase that has specificity for arachidonoyl-CoA as an acyl donor. This protein is involved in the reacylation of phospholipids as part of the phospholipid remodeling pathway known as the Land cycle. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2009]

MBOAT4 Gene

membrane bound O-acyltransferase domain containing 4

FICD Gene

FIC domain containing

GPATCH2L Gene

G patch domain containing 2-like

CBWD6 Gene

COBW domain containing 6

CBWD5 Gene

COBW domain containing 5

CBWD3 Gene

COBW domain containing 3

CBWD2 Gene

COBW domain containing 2

CBWD1 Gene

COBW domain containing 1

ZNFX1 Gene

zinc finger, NFX1-type containing 1

ACBD3 Gene

acyl-CoA binding domain containing 3

The Golgi complex plays a key role in the sorting and modification of proteins exported from the endoplasmic reticulum. The protein encoded by this gene is involved in the maintenance of Golgi structure and function through its interaction with the integral membrane protein giantin. It may also be involved in the hormonal regulation of steroid formation. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

ACBD7 Gene

acyl-CoA binding domain containing 7

ACBD6 Gene

acyl-CoA binding domain containing 6

ACBD5 Gene

acyl-CoA binding domain containing 5

This gene encodes a member of the acyl-Coenzyme A binding protein family, known to function in the transport and distribution of long chain acyl-Coenzyme A in cells. This gene may play a role in the differentiation of megakaryocytes and formation of platelets. A related protein in yeast is involved in autophagy of peroxisomes. A mutation in this gene has been associated with autosomal dominant thrombocytopenia. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2014]

ACBD4 Gene

acyl-CoA binding domain containing 4

This gene encodes a member of the acyl-coenzyme A binding domain containing protein family. All family members contain the conserved acyl-Coenzyme A binding domain, which binds acyl-CoA thiol esters. They are thought to play roles in acyl-CoA dependent lipid metabolism. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2008]

CCDC3 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 3

CCDC6 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 6

This gene encodes a coiled-coil domain-containing protein. The encoded protein is ubiquitously expressed and may function as a tumor suppressor. A chromosomal rearrangement resulting in the expression of a fusion gene containing a portion of this gene and the intracellular kinase-encoding domain of the ret proto-oncogene is the cause of thyroid papillary carcinoma.[provided by RefSeq, Sep 2010]

CCDC7 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 7

CCDC8 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 8

This gene encodes a coiled-coil domain-containing protein. The encoded protein functions as a cofactor required for p53-mediated apoptosis following DNA damage, and may also play a role in growth through interactions with the cytoskeletal adaptor protein obscurin-like 1. Mutations in this gene are a cause of 3M syndrome-3 (3M3). [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2011]

CCDC9 Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 9

LETMD1 Gene

LETM1 domain containing 1

This gene encodes a mitochondrial outer membrane protein. It has a potential role in tumorigenesis, which may result from negative regulation of the p53 tumor suppressor gene. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been noted for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2011]

WFIKKN2 Gene

WAP, follistatin/kazal, immunoglobulin, kunitz and netrin domain containing 2

The WFIKKN1 protein contains a WAP domain, follistatin domain, immunoglobulin domain, two tandem Kunitz domains, and an NTR domain. This gene encodes a WFIKKN1-related protein which has the same domain organization as the WFIKKN1 protein. The WAP-type, follistatin type, Kunitz-type, and NTR-type protease inhibitory domains may control the action of multiple types of proteases. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

WFIKKN1 Gene

WAP, follistatin/kazal, immunoglobulin, kunitz and netrin domain containing 1

This gene encodes a secreted multidomain protein consisting of a signal peptide, a WAP domain, a follistatin domain, an immunoglobulin domain, two tandem Kunitz domains, and an NTR domain. These domains have been implicated frequently in inhibition of various types of proteases, suggesting that the encoded protein may be a multivalent protease inhibitor and may control the action of multiple types of serine proteases as well as metalloproteinases. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SARNP Gene

SAP domain containing ribonucleoprotein

This gene encodes a protein that is upregulated in response to various cytokines. The encoded protein may play a role in cell cycle progression. A translocation between this gene and the myeloid/lymphoid leukemia gene, resulting in expression of a chimeric protein, has been associated with acute myelomonocytic leukemia. Pseudogenes exist on chromosomes 7 and 8. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2009]

LRRC32 Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 32

This gene encodes a type I membrane protein which contains 20 leucine-rich repeats. Alterations in the chromosomal region 11q13-11q14 are involved in several pathologies. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LRRC36 Gene

leucine rich repeat containing 36

LOC388734 Gene

PRELI domain containing 1 pseudogene

CCDC88B Gene

coiled-coil domain containing 88B

This gene encodes a member of the hook-related protein family. Members of this family are characterized by an N-terminal potential microtubule binding domain, a central coiled-coiled and a C-terminal Hook-related domain. The encoded protein may be involved in linking organelles to microtubules. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]

PRORSD1P Gene

prolyl-tRNA synthetase associated domain containing 1, pseudogene

JMJD6 Gene

jumonji domain containing 6

This gene encodes a nuclear protein with a JmjC domain. JmjC domain-containing proteins are predicted to function as protein hydroxylases or histone demethylases. This protein was first identified as a putative phosphatidylserine receptor involved in phagocytosis of apoptotic cells; however, subsequent studies have indicated that it does not directly function in the clearance of apoptotic cells, and questioned whether it is a true phosphatidylserine receptor. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

JMJD7 Gene

jumonji domain containing 7

This gene encodes a highly conserved protein with a JmjC domain, which are part of the cupin metalloenzyme superfamily. JmjC proteins may function as 2-oxoglutarate-Fe(II)-dependent dioxygenases. Most tissues also express read-through transcripts from this gene into the downstream phospholipase A2, group IVB (cytosolic) gene, some of which may encode fusion proteins combining the N-terminus of this protein with the phospholipase A2, group IVB protein. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

JMJD4 Gene

jumonji domain containing 4

JMJD8 Gene

jumonji domain containing 8

APPL1 Gene

adaptor protein, phosphotyrosine interaction, PH domain and leucine zipper containing 1

The protein encoded by this gene has been shown to be involved in the regulation of cell proliferation, and in the crosstalk between the adiponectin signalling and insulin signalling pathways. The encoded protein binds many other proteins, including RAB5A, DCC, AKT2, PIK3CA, adiponectin receptors, and proteins of the NuRD/MeCP1 complex. This protein is found associated with endosomal membranes, but can be released by EGF and translocated to the nucleus. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

APPL2 Gene

adaptor protein, phosphotyrosine interaction, PH domain and leucine zipper containing 2

The protein encoded by this gene is one of two effectors of the small GTPase RAB5A/Rab5, which are involved in a signal transduction pathway. Both effectors contain an N-terminal Bin/Amphiphysin/Rvs (BAR) domain, a central pleckstrin homology (PH) domain, and a C-terminal phosphotyrosine binding (PTB) domain, and they bind the Rab5 through the BAR domain. They are associated with endosomal membranes and can be translocated to the nucleus in response to the EGF stimulus. They interact with the NuRD/MeCP1 complex (nucleosome remodeling and deacetylase /methyl-CpG-binding protein 1 complex) and are required for efficient cell proliferation. A chromosomal aberration t(12;22)(q24.1;q13.3) involving this gene and the PSAP2 gene results in 22q13.3 deletion syndrome, also known as Phelan-McDermid syndrome. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2011]

ZNHIT3 Gene

zinc finger, HIT-type containing 3

ZNHIT2 Gene

zinc finger, HIT-type containing 2

ZNHIT1 Gene

zinc finger, HIT-type containing 1

ZNHIT6 Gene

zinc finger, HIT-type containing 6

LETM1P2 Gene

leucine zipper-EF-hand containing transmembrane protein 1, pseudogene 2

LETM1P3 Gene

leucine zipper-EF-hand containing transmembrane protein 1, pseudogene 3

BLID Gene

BH3-like motif containing, cell death inducer

This gene encodes a BH3-like motif containing protein involved in cell death. The encoded protein may induce apoptosis in a caspase-dependent manner. The protein is localized in both the cytoplasm and the mitochondrion. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2011]

LOC345571 Gene

RUN and FYVE domain containing 3 pseudogene

FMO7P Gene

flavin containing monooxygenase 7 pseudogene

DTWD2 Gene

DTW domain containing 2

DTWD1 Gene

DTW domain containing 1

LOC100421870 Gene

WW domain containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 2 pseudogene

ABHD17A Gene

abhydrolase domain containing 17A

ABHD17B Gene

abhydrolase domain containing 17B

ABHD17C Gene

abhydrolase domain containing 17C

THSD1P1 Gene

thrombospondin, type I, domain containing 1 pseudogene 1

LOC105369176 Gene

putative tripartite motif-containing protein 64B

MFSD6L Gene

major facilitator superfamily domain containing 6-like

LOC101928508 Gene

zinc finger Ran-binding domain-containing protein 2 pseudogene

CMTM8 Gene

CKLF-like MARVEL transmembrane domain containing 8

This gene belongs to the chemokine-like factor gene superfamily, a novel family that is similar to the chemokine and the transmembrane 4 superfamilies. This gene is one of several chemokine-like factor genes located in a cluster on chromosome 3. This gene is widely expressed in many tissues, but the exact function of the encoded protein is unknown. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CMTM2 Gene

CKLF-like MARVEL transmembrane domain containing 2

This gene belongs to the chemokine-like factor gene superfamily, a novel family that links the chemokine and the transmembrane 4 superfamilies of signaling molecules. The protein encoded by this gene may play an important role in testicular development. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CMTM3 Gene

CKLF-like MARVEL transmembrane domain containing 3

This gene belongs to the chemokine-like factor gene superfamily, a novel family that is similar to the chemokine and the transmembrane 4 superfamilies of signaling molecules. This gene is one of several chemokine-like factor genes located in a cluster on chromosome 16. Alternatively spliced transcript variants containing different 5' UTRs, but encoding the same protein, have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CMTM1 Gene

CKLF-like MARVEL transmembrane domain containing 1

This gene belongs to the chemokine-like factor gene superfamily, a novel family that is similar to the chemokine and the transmembrane 4 superfamilies of signaling molecules. The protein encoded by this gene may play an important role in testicular development. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified. Naturally occurring read-through transcription occurs between this locus and the neighboring locus CKLF (chemokine-like factor).[provided by RefSeq, Feb 2011]

CMTM6 Gene

CKLF-like MARVEL transmembrane domain containing 6

This gene belongs to the chemokine-like factor gene superfamily, a novel family that is similar to the chemokine and transmembrane 4 superfamilies. This gene is one of several chemokine-like factor genes located in a cluster on chromosome 3. This gene is widely expressed in many tissues, but the exact function of the encoded protein is unknown. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CMTM4 Gene

CKLF-like MARVEL transmembrane domain containing 4

This gene belongs to the chemokine-like factor gene superfamily, a novel family that is similar to the chemokine and the transmembrane 4 superfamilies of signaling molecules. This gene is one of several chemokine-like factor genes located in a cluster on chromosome 16. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CMTM5 Gene

CKLF-like MARVEL transmembrane domain containing 5

This gene encodes a member of the chemokine-like factor superfamily. This family of genes encodes multi-pass membrane proteins that are similar to both the chemokine and the transmembrane 4 superfamilies of signaling molecules. The encoded protein may exhibit tumor suppressor activity. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2014]

PLEKHS1 Gene

pleckstrin homology domain containing, family S member 1

SMYD4 Gene

SET and MYND domain containing 4

SMYD1 Gene

SET and MYND domain containing 1

SMYD2 Gene

SET and MYND domain containing 2

SET domain-containing proteins, such as SMYD2, catalyze lysine methylation (Brown et al., 2006 [PubMed 16805913]).[supplied by OMIM, Nov 2008]

SMYD3 Gene

SET and MYND domain containing 3

This gene encodes a histone methyltransferase which functions in RNA polymerase II complexes by an interaction with a specific RNA helicase. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2011]

LYSMD3 Gene

LysM, putative peptidoglycan-binding, domain containing 3

LYSMD4 Gene

LysM, putative peptidoglycan-binding, domain containing 4

CNBD2 Gene

cyclic nucleotide binding domain containing 2

CNBD1 Gene

cyclic nucleotide binding domain containing 1

TRIM53CP Gene

tripartite motif containing 53C, pseudogene

LOC650181 Gene

AhpC/TSA antioxidant enzyme domain containing 1 pseudogene

FCN3 Gene

ficolin (collagen/fibrinogen domain containing) 3

Ficolins are a group of proteins which consist of a collagen-like domain and a fibrinogen-like domain. In human serum, there are two types of ficolins, both of which have lectin activity. The protein encoded by this gene is a thermolabile beta-2-macroglycoprotein found in all human serum and is a member of the ficolin/opsonin p35 lectin family. The protein, which was initially identified based on its reactivity with sera from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus, has been shown to have a calcium-independent lectin activity. The protein can activate the complement pathway in association with MASPs and sMAP, thereby aiding in host defense through the activation of the lectin pathway. Alternative splicing occurs at this locus and two variants, each encoding a distinct isoform, have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

FCN2 Gene

ficolin (collagen/fibrinogen domain containing lectin) 2

The product of this gene belongs to the ficolin family of proteins. This family is characterized by the presence of a leader peptide, a short N-terminal segment, followed by a collagen-like region, and a C-terminal fibrinogen-like domain. This gene is predominantly expressed in the liver, and has been shown to have carbohydrate binding and opsonic activities. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

FCN1 Gene

ficolin (collagen/fibrinogen domain containing) 1

The ficolin family of proteins are characterized by the presence of a leader peptide, a short N-terminal segment, followed by a collagen-like region, and a C-terminal fibrinogen-like domain. The collagen-like and the fibrinogen-like domains are also found separately in other proteins such as complement protein C1q, C-type lectins known as collectins, and tenascins. However, all these proteins recognize different targets, and are functionally distinct. Ficolin 1 encoded by FCN1 is predominantly expressed in the peripheral blood leukocytes, and has been postulated to function as a plasma protein with elastin-binding activity. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

ZMYND15 Gene

zinc finger, MYND-type containing 15

This gene encodes a MYND-containing zinc-binding protein with a nuclear localization sequence. A similar gene in mice has been shown to act as a testis-specific transcriptional repressor by recruiting histone deacetylase enzymes to regulate spatiotemporal expression of many haploid genes. This protein may play an important role in spermatogenesis. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants and protein isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2012]

ZMYND12 Gene

zinc finger, MYND-type containing 12

ZMYND10 Gene

zinc finger, MYND-type containing 10

ZMYND11 Gene

zinc finger, MYND-type containing 11

The protein encoded by this gene was first identified by its ability to bind the adenovirus E1A protein. The protein localizes to the nucleus. It functions as a transcriptional repressor, and expression of E1A inhibits this repression. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

ZMYND19 Gene

zinc finger, MYND-type containing 19

ZMYND19 is a MYND zinc finger domain-containing protein that binds to the C terminus of melanin-concentrating hormone receptor-1 (MCHR1; MIM 601751) (Bachner et al., 2002 [PubMed 12208518]), and to the N termini of alpha-tubulin (TUBA1; MIM 191110), and beta-tubulin (TUBB; MIM 191130) (Francke et al., 2005 [PubMed 16039987]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

PLEKHA8P1 Gene

pleckstrin homology domain containing, family A member 8 pseudogene 1

GVQW1 Gene

GVQW motif containing 1