Name

BioGPS Human Cell Type and Tissue Gene Expression Profiles Dataset

From BioGPS

mRNA expression profiles for human tissues and cell types

BioGPS Mouse Cell Type and Tissue Gene Expression Profiles Dataset

From BioGPS

mRNA expression profiles for mouse tissues and cell types

ESCAPE Omics Signatures of Genes and Proteins for Stem Cells Dataset

From ESCAPE

sets of target genes of transcription factors from published ChIP-chip, ChIP-seq, and other transcription factor binding site profiling studies;sets of differentially expressed genes following perturbation of a protein from gene expression data in GEO; sets of interacting proteins from high- and low-throughput protein-protein interaction studies; sets of targets of microRNAs from public databases, computationally predicted or experimentally verified

HPM Cell Type and Tissue Protein Expression Profiles Dataset

From Human Proteome Map

protein expression profiles for tissues and cell types

ProteomicsDB Cell Type and Tissue Protein Expression Profiles Dataset

From Proteomics Database

protein expression profiles for tissues and cell types reprocessed from many proteomics datasets

Roadmap Epigenomics Cell and Tissue DNA Accessibility Profiles Dataset

From Roadmap Epigenomics

DNA accessibility profiles for primary cell types and tissues

Roadmap Epigenomics Cell and Tissue DNA Methylation Profiles Dataset

From Roadmap Epigenomics

DNA methylation profiles for primary cell types and tissues

Roadmap Epigenomics Cell and Tissue Gene Expression Profiles Dataset

From Roadmap Epigenomics

mRNA expression profiles for primary cell types and tissues

dbGAP Gene-Trait Associations Dataset

From Database of Genotypes and Phenotypes

gene-trait associations curated from genetic association studies

KEGG Pathways Dataset

From Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

sets of proteins participating in pathways

IBSP Gene

integrin-binding sialoprotein

The protein encoded by this gene is a major structural protein of the bone matrix. It constitutes approximately 12% of the noncollagenous proteins in human bone and is synthesized by skeletal-associated cell types, including hypertrophic chondrocytes, osteoblasts, osteocytes, and osteoclasts. The only extraskeletal site of its synthesis is the trophoblast. This protein binds to calcium and hydroxyapatite via its acidic amino acid clusters, and mediates cell attachment through an RGD sequence that recognizes the vitronectin receptor. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

IBA57-AS1 Gene

IBA57 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

IBA57 Gene

IBA57, iron-sulfur cluster assembly homolog (S. cerevisiae)

IBD9 Gene

inflammatory bowel disease 9

IBD8 Gene

inflammatory bowel disease 8

IBD3 Gene

inflammatory bowel disease 3

IBD2 Gene

inflammatory bowel disease 2

IBD5 Gene

inflammatory bowel disease 5

IBD4 Gene

inflammatory bowel disease 4

IBD7 Gene

inflammatory bowel disease 7

IBD6 Gene

inflammatory bowel disease 6

IBTK Gene

inhibitor of Bruton agammaglobulinemia tyrosine kinase

Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) is a protein tyrosine kinase that is expressed in B cells, macrophages, and neutrophils. The protein encoded by this gene binds to BTK and downregulates BTK's kinase activity. In addition, the encoded protein disrupts BTK-mediated calcium mobilization and negatively regulates the activation of nuclear factor-kappa-B-driven transcription. This gene has a pseudogene on chromosome 18. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2014]

IBTKP1 Gene

inhibitor of Bruton agammaglobulinemia tyrosine kinase pseudogene 1

IBD27 Gene

Inflammatory bowel disease-27

IBD20 Gene

Inflammatory bowel disease-20

IBD21 Gene

Inflammatory bowel disease-21

IBD22 Gene

Inflammatory bowel disease-22

IBD23 Gene

Inflammatory bowel disease-23

IBD24 Gene

Inflammatory bowel disease-24

IBD25 Gene

Inflammatory bowel disease-25

IBD26 Gene

Inflammatory bowel disease-26

IBGC1 Gene

idiopathic basal ganglia calcification 1

IBGC2 Gene

Basal ganglia calcification, idiopathic, 2

IBD11 Gene

Inflammatory bowel disease 11

IBD12 Gene

Inflammatory bowel disease 12

IBD15 Gene

Inflammatory bowel disease-15

IBD16 Gene

Inflammatory bowel disease-16

IBD19 Gene

Inflammatory bowel disease 19

IBD18 Gene

Inflammatory bowel disease-18

LOC100418603 Gene

MHC class I polypeptide-related sequence B pseudogene

LOC100418606 Gene

MHC class I polypeptide-related sequence B pseudogene

LOC100418597 Gene

MHC class I polypeptide-related sequence B pseudogene

MICG Gene

MHC class I polypeptide-related sequence G (pseudogene)

MICF Gene

MHC class I polypeptide-related sequence F (pseudogene)

MICE Gene

MHC class I polypeptide-related sequence E (pseudogene)

MICD Gene

MHC class I polypeptide-related sequence D (pseudogene)

MICC Gene

MHC class I polypeptide-related sequence C (pseudogene)

MICB Gene

MHC class I polypeptide-related sequence B

This gene encodes a heavily glycosylated protein which is a ligand for the NKG2D type II receptor. Binding of the ligand activates the cytolytic response of natural killer (NK) cells, CD8 alphabeta T cells, and gammadelta T cells which express the receptor. This protein is stress-induced and is similar to MHC class I molecules; however, it does not associate with beta-2-microglobulin or bind peptides. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2014]

MICA Gene

MHC class I polypeptide-related sequence A

This gene encodes the highly polymorphic major histocompatability complex class I chain-related protein A. The protein product is expressed on the cell surface, although unlike canonical class I molecules it does not seem to associate with beta-2-microglobulin. It is a ligand for the NKG2-D type II integral membrane protein receptor. The protein functions as a stress-induced antigen that is broadly recognized by intestinal epithelial gamma delta T cells. Variations in this gene have been associated with susceptibility to psoriasis 1 and psoriatic arthritis, and the shedding of MICA-related antibodies and ligands is involved in the progression from monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance to multiple myeloma. Alternative splicing of this gene results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2014]

LOC100418600 Gene

MHC class I polypeptide-related sequence B pseudogene

LOC100418601 Gene

MHC class I polypeptide-related sequence B pseudogene

LOC100418602 Gene

MHC class I polypeptide-related sequence B pseudogene

LOC100418604 Gene

MHC class I polypeptide-related sequence B pseudogene

LOC100418605 Gene

MHC class I polypeptide-related sequence B pseudogene

LOC100418607 Gene

MHC class I polypeptide-related sequence B pseudogene

LOC100418598 Gene

MHC class I polypeptide-related sequence B pseudogene

LOC100418599 Gene

MHC class I polypeptide-related sequence B pseudogene

FADD Gene

Fas (TNFRSF6)-associated via death domain

The protein encoded by this gene is an adaptor molecule that interacts with various cell surface receptors and mediates cell apoptotic signals. Through its C-terminal death domain, this protein can be recruited by TNFRSF6/Fas-receptor, tumor necrosis factor receptor, TNFRSF25, and TNFSF10/TRAIL-receptor, and thus it participates in the death signaling initiated by these receptors. Interaction of this protein with the receptors unmasks the N-terminal effector domain of this protein, which allows it to recruit caspase-8, and thereby activate the cysteine protease cascade. Knockout studies in mice also suggest the importance of this protein in early T cell development. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

COX6A1 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIa polypeptide 1

Cytochrome c oxidase (COX), the terminal enzyme of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, catalyzes the electron transfer from reduced cytochrome c to oxygen. It is a heteromeric complex consisting of 3 catalytic subunits encoded by mitochondrial genes and multiple structural subunits encoded by nuclear genes. The mitochondrially-encoded subunits function in the electron transfer and the nuclear-encoded subunits may function in the regulation and assembly of the complex. This nuclear gene encodes polypeptide 1 (liver isoform) of subunit VIa, and polypeptide 1 is found in all non-muscle tissues. Polypeptide 2 (heart/muscle isoform) of subunit VIa is encoded by a different gene, and is present only in striated muscles. These two polypeptides share 66% amino acid sequence identity. It has been reported that there may be several pseudogenes on chromosomes 1, 6, 7q21, 7q31-32 and 12. However, only one pseudogene (COX6A1P) on chromosome 1p31.1 has been documented. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

COX6A2 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIa polypeptide 2

Cytochrome c oxidase (COX), the terminal enzyme of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, catalyzes the electron transfer from reduced cytochrome c to oxygen. It is a heteromeric complex consisting of 3 catalytic subunits encoded by mitochondrial genes and multiple structural subunits encoded by nuclear genes. The mitochondrially-encoded subunits function in electron transfer, and the nuclear-encoded subunits may be involved in the regulation and assembly of the complex. This nuclear gene encodes polypeptide 2 (heart/muscle isoform) of subunit VIa, and polypeptide 2 is present only in striated muscles. Polypeptide 1 (liver isoform) of subunit VIa is encoded by a different gene, and is found in all non-muscle tissues. These two polypeptides share 66% amino acid sequence identity. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TRADD Gene

TNFRSF1A-associated via death domain

The protein encoded by this gene is a death domain containing adaptor molecule that interacts with TNFRSF1A/TNFR1 and mediates programmed cell death signaling and NF-kappaB activation. This protein binds adaptor protein TRAF2, reduces the recruitment of inhibitor-of-apoptosis proteins (IAPs) by TRAF2, and thus suppresses TRAF2 mediated apoptosis. This protein can also interact with receptor TNFRSF6/FAS and adaptor protein FADD/MORT1, and is involved in the Fas-induced cell death pathway. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

COX6A1P2 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIa polypeptide 1 pseudogene 2

COX6A1P1 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIa polypeptide 1 pseudogene 1

COX6A1P3 Gene

cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIa polypeptide 1 pseudogene 3

LOC400927 Gene

TPTE and PTEN homologous inositol lipid phosphatase pseudogene

HILPDA Gene

hypoxia inducible lipid droplet-associated

LDAH Gene

lipid droplet associated hydrolase

STARD10 Gene

StAR-related lipid transfer (START) domain containing 10

STARD13 Gene

StAR-related lipid transfer (START) domain containing 13

This gene encodes a protein which contains an N-terminal sterile alpha motif (SAM) for protein-protein interactions, followed by an ATP/GTP-binding motif, a GTPase-activating protein (GAP) domain, and a C-terminal STAR-related lipid transfer (START) domain. It may be involved in regulation of cytoskeletal reorganization, cell proliferation, and cell motility, and acts as a tumor suppressor in hepatoma cells. The gene is located in a region of chromosome 13 that is associated with loss of heterozygosity in hepatocellular carcinomas. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2011]

STARD9 Gene

StAR-related lipid transfer (START) domain containing 9

STARD4 Gene

StAR-related lipid transfer (START) domain containing 4

Cholesterol homeostasis is regulated, at least in part, by sterol regulatory element (SRE)-binding proteins (e.g., SREBP1; MIM 184756) and by liver X receptors (e.g., LXRA; MIM 602423). Upon sterol depletion, LXRs are inactive and SREBPs are cleaved, after which they bind promoter SREs and activate genes involved in cholesterol biosynthesis and uptake. Sterol transport is mediated by vesicles or by soluble protein carriers, such as steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (STAR; MIM 600617). STAR is homologous to a family of proteins containing a 200- to 210-amino acid STAR-related lipid transfer (START) domain, including STARD4 (Soccio et al., 2002 [PubMed 12011452]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

STARD5 Gene

StAR-related lipid transfer (START) domain containing 5

Cholesterol homeostasis is regulated, at least in part, by sterol regulatory element (SRE)-binding proteins (e.g., SREBP1; MIM 184756) and by liver X receptors (e.g., LXRA; MIM 602423). Upon sterol depletion, LXRs are inactive and SREBPs are cleaved, after which they bind promoter SREs and activate genes involved in cholesterol biosynthesis and uptake. Sterol transport is mediated by vesicles or by soluble protein carriers, such as steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (STAR; MIM 600617). STAR is homologous to a family of proteins containing a 200- to 210-amino acid STAR-related lipid transfer (START) domain, including STARD5 (Soccio et al., 2002 [PubMed 12011452]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

ERLIN1 Gene

ER lipid raft associated 1

ERLIN2 Gene

ER lipid raft associated 2

This gene encodes a member of the SPFH domain-containing family of lipid raft-associated proteins. The encoded protein is localized to lipid rafts of the endoplasmic reticulum and plays a critical role in inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) signaling by mediating ER-associated degradation of activated IP3 receptors. Mutations in this gene are a cause of spastic paraplegia-18 (SPG18). Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2012]

LPPR3 Gene

lipid phosphate phosphatase-related protein type 3

The proteins in the lipid phosphate phosphatase (LPP) family, including PRG2, are integral membrane proteins that modulate bioactive lipid phosphates including phosphatidate, lysophosphatidate, and sphingosine-1-phosphate in the context of cell migration, neurite retraction, and mitogenesis (Brauer et al., 2003 [PubMed 12730698]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

RFTN1 Gene

raftlin, lipid raft linker 1

RFTN1P1 Gene

raftlin, lipid raft linker 1 pseudogene 1

LPPR5 Gene

lipid phosphate phosphatase-related protein type 5

The protein encoded by this gene is a type 2 member of the phosphatidic acid phosphatase (PAP) family. All type 2 members of this protein family contain 6 transmembrane regions, and a consensus N-glycosylation site. PAPs convert phosphatidic acid to diacylglycerol, and function in de novo synthesis of glycerolipids as well as in receptor-activated signal transduction mediated by phospholipase D. Alternate transcriptional splice variants, encoding different isoforms, have been characterized. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LPPR4 Gene

lipid phosphate phosphatase-related protein type 4

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the lipid phosphate phosphatase (LPP) family. LPPs catalyze the dephosphorylation of a number of bioactive lipid mediators that regulate a variety of cell functions. This protein is specifically expressed in neurons. It is located in the membranes of outgrowing axons and has been shown to be important for axonal outgrowth during development and regenerative sprouting. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]

LPPR2 Gene

lipid phosphate phosphatase-related protein type 2

LPPR1 Gene

lipid phosphate phosphatase-related protein type 1

This gene encodes a member of the plasticity-related gene (PRG) family. Members of the PRG family mediate lipid phosphate phosphatase activity in neurons and are known to be involved in neuronal plasticity. The protein encoded by this gene does not perform its function through enzymatic phospholipid degradation. This gene is strongly expressed in brain. It shows dynamic expression regulation during brain development and neuronal excitation. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same protein have been observed. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

STARD8 Gene

StAR-related lipid transfer (START) domain containing 8

This gene encodes a member of a subfamily of Rho GTPase activating proteins that contain a steroidogenic acute regulatory protein related lipid transfer domain. The encoded protein localizes to focal adhesions and may be involved in regulating cell morphology. This protein may also function as a tumor suppressor. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2010]

STARD3 Gene

StAR-related lipid transfer (START) domain containing 3

This gene encodes a member of a subfamily of lipid trafficking proteins that are characterized by a C-terminal steroidogenic acute regulatory domain and an N-terminal metastatic lymph node 64 domain. The encoded protein localizes to the membranes of late endosomes and may be involved in exporting cholesterol. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants.[provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]

STARD6 Gene

StAR-related lipid transfer (START) domain containing 6

Cholesterol homeostasis is regulated, at least in part, by sterol regulatory element (SRE)-binding proteins (e.g., SREBP1; MIM 184756) and by liver X receptors (e.g., LXRA; MIM 602423). Upon sterol depletion, LXRs are inactive and SREBPs are cleaved, after which they bind promoter SREs and activate genes involved in cholesterol biosynthesis and uptake. Sterol transport is mediated by vesicles or by soluble protein carriers, such as steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (STAR; MIM 600617). STAR is homologous to a family of proteins containing a 200- to 210-amino acid STAR-related lipid transfer (START) domain, including STARD6 (Soccio et al., 2002 [PubMed 12011452]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

STARD7 Gene

StAR-related lipid transfer (START) domain containing 7

Although the function of this gene is not known, its existence is supported by mRNA and EST data. The predicted gene product contains a region similar to the STAR-related lipid transfer (START) domain, which is often present in proteins involved in the cell signaling mediated by lipid binding. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described, although some transcripts occur only in cancer cell lines. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC100131127 Gene

degenerative spermatocyte homolog 1, lipid desaturase (Drosophila) pseudogene

RRP1 Gene

ribosomal RNA processing 1

The protein encoded by this gene is the putative homolog of the yeast ribosomal RNA processing protein RRP1. The encoded protein is involved in the late stages of nucleologenesis at the end of mitosis, and may be required for the generation of 28S rRNA. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

RRP8 Gene

ribosomal RNA processing 8, methyltransferase, homolog (yeast)

RRP9 Gene

ribosomal RNA processing 9, small subunit (SSU) processome component, homolog (yeast)

This gene encodes a member of the WD-repeat protein family. The encoded protein is a component of the nucleolar small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particle (snoRNP) and is essential for 18s rRNA processing during ribosome synthesis. It contains seven WD domains required for nucleolar localization and specific interaction with the U3 small nucleolar RNA (U3 snoRNA). [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2012]

NIP7P1 Gene

NIP7, nucleolar pre-rRNA processing protein pseudogene 1

PMPCAP1 Gene

peptidase (mitochondrial processing) alpha pseudogene 1

RRP7BP Gene

ribosomal RNA processing 7 homolog B (S. cerevisiae), pseudogene

RRP7A Gene

ribosomal RNA processing 7 homolog A (S. cerevisiae)

FCF1 Gene

FCF1 rRNA-processing protein

LOC100288001 Gene

pre-mRNA processing factor 3 pseudogene

RMRP Gene

RNA component of mitochondrial RNA processing endoribonuclease

This gene encodes the RNA component of mitochondrial RNA processing endoribonuclease, which cleaves mitochondrial RNA at a priming site of mitochondrial DNA replication. This RNA also interacts with the telomerase reverse transcriptase catalytic subunit to form a distinct ribonucleoprotein complex that has RNA-dependent RNA polymerase activity and produces double-stranded RNAs that can be processed into small interfering RNA. Mutations in this gene are associated with cartilage-hair hypoplasia.[provided by RefSeq, Mar 2010]

PRPF4B Gene

pre-mRNA processing factor 4B

Pre-mRNA splicing occurs in two sequential transesterification steps, and the protein encoded by this gene is thought to be involved in pre-mRNA splicing and in signal transduction. This protein belongs to a kinase family that includes serine/arginine-rich protein-specific kinases and cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs). This protein is regarded as a CDK-like kinase (Clk) with homology to mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs). [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PRPF8 Gene

pre-mRNA processing factor 8

Pre-mRNA splicing occurs in 2 sequential transesterification steps. The protein encoded by this gene is a component of both U2- and U12-dependent spliceosomes, and found to be essential for the catalytic step II in pre-mRNA splicing process. It contains several WD repeats, which function in protein-protein interactions. This protein has a sequence similarity to yeast Prp8 protein. This gene is a candidate gene for autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PRPF3 Gene

pre-mRNA processing factor 3

The removal of introns from nuclear pre-mRNAs occurs on complexes called spliceosomes, which are made up of 4 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (snRNP) particles and an undefined number of transiently associated splicing factors. This gene product is one of several proteins that associate with U4 and U6 snRNPs. Mutations in this gene are associated with retinitis pigmentosa-18. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PRPF4 Gene

pre-mRNA processing factor 4

The protein encoded by this gene is part of a heteromeric complex that binds U4, U5, and U6 small nuclear RNAs and is involved in pre-mRNA splicing. The encoded protein also is a mitotic checkpoint protein and a regulator of chemoresistance in human ovarian cancer. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2011]

PRPF6 Gene

pre-mRNA processing factor 6

The protein encoded by this gene appears to be involved in pre-mRNA splicing, possibly acting as a bridging factor between U5 and U4/U6 snRNPs in formation of the spliceosome. The encoded protein also can bind androgen receptor, providing a link between transcriptional activation and splicing. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

ESF1 Gene

ESF1, nucleolar pre-rRNA processing protein, homolog (S. cerevisiae)

LOC100129527 Gene

ESF1, nucleolar pre-rRNA processing protein, homolog (S. cerevisiae) pseudogene

PRPF19 Gene

pre-mRNA processing factor 19

PSO4 is the human homolog of yeast Pso4, a gene essential for cell survival and DNA repair (Beck et al., 2008 [PubMed 18263876]).[supplied by OMIM, Sep 2008]

PRPF18 Gene

pre-mRNA processing factor 18

Pre-mRNA splicing occurs in 2 sequential transesterification steps. The protein encoded by this gene is found to be essential for the catalytic step II in pre-mRNA splicing process. It is found in the spliceosome, and contains seven WD repeats, which function in protein-protein interactions. This protein has a sequence similarity to the yeast splicing factor Prp18. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

RRP1B Gene

ribosomal RNA processing 1B

RRP12 Gene

ribosomal RNA processing 12 homolog (S. cerevisiae)

RRP15 Gene

ribosomal RNA processing 15 homolog (S. cerevisiae)

This gene encodes a protein that co-purifies with human nucleoli. A similar protein in budding yeast is a component of pre-60S ribosomal particles, and is required for the early maturation steps of the 60S subunit. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PRPF40A Gene

PRP40 pre-mRNA processing factor 40 homolog A (S. cerevisiae)

LOC645266 Gene

pre-mRNA processing factor 4B pseudogene

NIP7P3 Gene

NIP7, nucleolar pre-rRNA processing protein pseudogene 3

LOC100131254 Gene

ESF1, nucleolar pre-rRNA processing protein, homolog (S. cerevisiae) pseudogene

NIP7 Gene

NIP7, nucleolar pre-rRNA processing protein

NIP7P2 Gene

NIP7, nucleolar pre-rRNA processing protein pseudogene 2

LOC101060195 Gene

rRNA-processing protein FCF1 homolog pseudogene

PRPF39 Gene

pre-mRNA processing factor 39

PRPF31 Gene

pre-mRNA processing factor 31

This gene encodes a component of the spliceosome complex and is one of several retinitis pigmentosa-causing genes. When the gene product is added to the spliceosome complex, activation occurs.[provided by RefSeq, Jan 2009]

PMPCB Gene

peptidase (mitochondrial processing) beta

This gene is a member of the peptidase M16 family and encodes a protein with a zinc-binding motif. This protein is located in the mitochondrial matrix and catalyzes the cleavage of the leader peptides of precursor proteins newly imported into the mitochondria, though it only functions as part of a heterodimeric complex. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PMPCA Gene

peptidase (mitochondrial processing) alpha

RRP36 Gene

ribosomal RNA processing 36 homolog (S. cerevisiae)

RRP36 functions at an early stage in the processing of 35S preribosomal RNA into the mature 18S species (Gerus et al., 2010 [PubMed 20038530]).[supplied by OMIM, Jul 2010]

LOC653155 Gene

pre-mRNA processing factor 4B pseudogene

POP1 Gene

processing of precursor 1, ribonuclease P/MRP subunit (S. cerevisiae)

This gene encodes the protein subunit of two different small nucleolar ribonucleoprotein complexes: the endoribonuclease for mitochondrial RNA processing complex and the ribonuclease P complex. The encoded protein is a ribonuclease that localizes to the nucleus and functions in pre-RNA processing. This protein is also an autoantigen in patients suffering from connective tissue diseases. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2009]

POP7 Gene

processing of precursor 7, ribonuclease P/MRP subunit (S. cerevisiae)

POP5 Gene

processing of precursor 5, ribonuclease P/MRP subunit (S. cerevisiae)

POP4 Gene

processing of precursor 4, ribonuclease P/MRP subunit (S. cerevisiae)

This gene encodes one of the protein subunits of the small nucleolar ribonucleoprotein complexes: the endoribonuclease for mitochondrial RNA processing complex and the ribonuclease P complex. The encoded protein is localized to the nucleus and associates directly with the RNA component of these complexes. This protein is involved in processing of precursor RNAs. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2009]

PRPF38A Gene

pre-mRNA processing factor 38A

PRPF38B Gene

pre-mRNA processing factor 38B

PRPF40B Gene

PRP40 pre-mRNA processing factor 40 homolog B (S. cerevisiae)

This gene encodes a WW-domain containing protein similar to yeast splicing factor PRP40. This protein has been shown to interact with Huntingtin and methyl CpG binding protein 2 (MeCP2). Alternative splicing results in different transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2014]

LOC649783 Gene

HLA class II histocompatibility antigen-like

LOC105379652 Gene

DLA class II histocompatibility antigen, DR-1 beta chain-like

LOC105379570 Gene

DLA class II histocompatibility antigen, DR-1 beta chain-like

LOC105379665 Gene

DLA class II histocompatibility antigen, DR-1 beta chain-like

LOC105379658 Gene

DLA class II histocompatibility antigen, DR-1 beta chain-like

LOC105379648 Gene

DLA class II histocompatibility antigen, DR-1 beta chain-like

LOC105369230 Gene

HLA class II histocompatibility antigen, DRB1-7 beta chain

LOC100507703 Gene

HLA class I histocompatibility antigen, A-69 alpha chain-like

MALRD1 Gene

MAM and LDL receptor class A domain containing 1

ITGAL Gene

integrin, alpha L (antigen CD11A (p180), lymphocyte function-associated antigen 1; alpha polypeptide)

ITGAL encodes the integrin alpha L chain. Integrins are heterodimeric integral membrane proteins composed of an alpha chain and a beta chain. This I-domain containing alpha integrin combines with the beta 2 chain (ITGB2) to form the integrin lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1), which is expressed on all leukocytes. LFA-1 plays a central role in leukocyte intercellular adhesion through interactions with its ligands, ICAMs 1-3 (intercellular adhesion molecules 1 through 3), and also functions in lymphocyte costimulatory signaling. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

ITGAE Gene

integrin, alpha E (antigen CD103, human mucosal lymphocyte antigen 1; alpha polypeptide)

Integrins are heterodimeric integral membrane proteins composed of an alpha chain and a beta chain. This gene encodes an I-domain-containing alpha integrin that undergoes post-translational cleavage in the extracellular domain, yielding disulfide-linked heavy and light chains. In combination with the beta 7 integrin, this protein forms the E-cadherin binding integrin known as the human mucosal lymphocyte-1 antigen. This protein is preferentially expressed in human intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes (IEL), and in addition to a role in adhesion, it may serve as an accessory molecule for IEL activation. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CEACAM6 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 6 (non-specific cross reacting antigen)

This gene encodes a protein that belongs to the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) family whose members are glycosyl phosphatidyl inositol (GPI) anchored cell surface glycoproteins. Members of this family play a role in cell adhesion and are widely used as tumor markers in serum immunoassay determinations of carcinoma. This gene affects the sensitivity of tumor cells to adenovirus infection. The protein encoded by this gene acts as a receptor for adherent-invasive E. coli adhesion to the surface of ileal epithelial cells in patients with Crohn's disease. This gene is clustered with genes and pseudogenes of the cell adhesion molecules subgroup of the CEA family on chromosome 19. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2014]

LIMS3L Gene

LIM and senescent cell antigen-like domains 3-like

SPECC1 Gene

sperm antigen with calponin homology and coiled-coil domains 1

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the cytospin-A family. It is localized in the nucleus, and highly expressed in testis and some cancer cell lines. A chromosomal translocation involving this gene and platelet-derived growth factor receptor, beta gene (PDGFRB) may be a cause of juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2011]

LIMS2 Gene

LIM and senescent cell antigen-like domains 2

This gene encodes a member of a small family of focal adhesion proteins which interacts with ILK (integrin-linked kinase), a protein which effects protein-protein interactions with the extraceullar matrix. The encoded protein has five LIM domains, each domain forming two zinc fingers, which permit interactions which regulate cell shape and migration. A pseudogene of this gene is located on chromosome 4. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2011]

LIMS3 Gene

LIM and senescent cell antigen-like domains 3

LIMS1 Gene

LIM and senescent cell antigen-like domains 1

The protein encoded by this gene is an adaptor protein which contains five LIM domains, or double zinc fingers. The protein is likely involved in integrin signaling through its LIM domain-mediated interaction with integrin-linked kinase, found in focal adhesion plaques. It is also thought to act as a bridge linking integrin-linked kinase to NCK adaptor protein 2, which is involved in growth factor receptor kinase signaling pathways. Its localization to the periphery of spreading cells also suggests that this protein may play a role in integrin-mediated cell adhesion or spreading. Several transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2010]

LOC100418862 Gene

sperm antigen with calponin homology and coiled-coil domains 1 pseudogene

SPECC1L Gene

sperm antigen with calponin homology and coiled-coil domains 1-like

This gene encodes a coiled-coil domain containing protein. The encoded protein may play a critical role in actin-cytoskeletal reorganization during facial morphogenesis. Mutations in this gene are a cause of oblique facial clefting-1. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. A read-through transcript composed of SPECC1L (sperm antigen with calponin homology and coiled-coil domains 1-like) and the downstream ADORA2A (adenosine A2a receptor) gene sequence has been identified, but it is thought to be non-coding. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2013]

LOC651644 Gene

LIM and senescent cell antigen-like domains 2 pseudogene

SAG Gene

S-antigen; retina and pineal gland (arrestin)

Members of arrestin/beta-arrestin protein family are thought to participate in agonist-mediated desensitization of G-protein-coupled receptors and cause specific dampening of cellular responses to stimuli such as hormones, neurotransmitters, or sensory signals. S-arrestin, also known as S-antigen, is a major soluble photoreceptor protein that is involved in desensitization of the photoactivated transduction cascade. It is expressed in the retina and the pineal gland and inhibits coupling of rhodopsin to transducin in vitro. Additionally, S-arrestin is highly antigenic, and is capable of inducing experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis. Mutations in this gene have been associated with Oguchi disease, a rare autosomal recessive form of night blindness. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

MFI2 Gene

antigen p97 (melanoma associated) identified by monoclonal antibodies 133.2 and 96.5

The protein encoded by this gene is a cell-surface glycoprotein found on melanoma cells. The protein shares sequence similarity and iron-binding properties with members of the transferrin superfamily. The importance of the iron binding function has not yet been identified. This gene resides in the same region of chromosome 3 as members of the transferrin superfamily. Alternative splicing results in two transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

MEHMO Gene

mental retardation, epileptic seizures, hypogonadism and -genitalism, microcephaly and obesity syndrome

MMRFCGU Gene

Microcephaly, mental retardation, and distinctive facies, with cardiac and genitourinary malformations

SEMA5B Gene

sema domain, seven thrombospondin repeats (type 1 and type 1-like), transmembrane domain (TM) and short cytoplasmic domain, (semaphorin) 5B

This gene encodes a member of the semaphorin protein family which regulates axon growth during development of the nervous system. The encoded protein has a characteristic Sema domain near the N-terminus, through which semaphorins bind to plexin, and five thrombospondin type 1 repeats in the C-terminal region of the protein. The protein product may be cleaved and exist as a secreted molecule (PMID: 19463192). Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2012]

SEMA5A Gene

sema domain, seven thrombospondin repeats (type 1 and type 1-like), transmembrane domain (TM) and short cytoplasmic domain, (semaphorin) 5A

This gene belongs to the semaphorin gene family that encodes membrane proteins containing a semaphorin domain and several thrombospondin type-1 repeats. Members of this family are involved in axonal guidance during neural development. This gene has been implicated as an autism susceptibility gene.[provided by RefSeq, Jan 2010]

LOC100422730 Gene

sema domain, seven thrombospondin repeats (type 1 and type 1-like), transmembrane domain (TM) and short cytoplasmic domain, (semaphorin) 5A pseudogene

POU5F1B Gene

POU class 5 homeobox 1B

This intronless gene was thought to be a transcribed pseudogene of POU class 5 homeobox 1, however, it has been reported that this gene can encode a functional protein. The encoded protein is nearly the same length as and highly similar to the POU class 5 homeobox 1 transcription factor, has been shown to be a weak transcriptional activator and may play a role in carcinogenesis and eye development. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2009]

HLA-DQB1 Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class II, DQ beta 1

HLA-DQB1 belongs to the HLA class II beta chain paralogs. This class II molecule is a heterodimer consisting of an alpha (DQA) and a beta chain (DQB), both anchored in the membrane. It plays a central role in the immune system by presenting peptides derived from extracellular proteins. Class II molecules are expressed in antigen presenting cells (APC: B lymphocytes, dendritic cells, macrophages). The beta chain is approximately 26-28 kDa and it contains six exons. Exon 1 encodes the leader peptide, exons 2 and 3 encode the two extracellular domains, exon 4 encodes the transmembrane domain and exon 5 encodes the cytoplasmic tail. Within the DQ molecule both the alpha chain and the beta chain contain the polymorphisms specifying the peptide binding specificities, resulting in up to four different molecules. Typing for these polymorphisms is routinely done for bone marrow transplantation. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2011]

HLA-DQB3 Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class II, DQ beta 3

HLA-DQB2 Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class II, DQ beta 2

HLA-DQB2 belongs to the family of HLA class II beta chain paralogs. Class II molecules are heterodimers consisting of an alpha (DQA) and a beta chain (DQB), both anchored in the membrane. They play a central role in the immune system by presenting peptides derived from extracellular proteins. Class II molecules are expressed in antigen presenting cells (APC: B lymphocytes, dendritic cells, macrophages). Polymorphisms in the alpha and beta chains specify the peptide binding specificity, and typing for these polymorphisms is routinely done for bone marrow transplantation. However this gene, HLA-DQB2, is not routinely typed, as it is not thought to have an effect on transplantation. There is conflicting evidence in the literature and public sequence databases for the protein-coding capacity of HLA-DQB2. Because there is evidence of transcription and an intact ORF, HLA-DQB2 is represented in Entrez Gene and in RefSeq as a protein-coding locus. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2010]

PIGCP1 Gene

phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, class C, pseudogene 1

PIGCP2 Gene

phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, class C pseudogene 2

HLA-DMB Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class II, DM beta

HLA-DMB belongs to the HLA class II beta chain paralogues. This class II molecule is a heterodimer consisting of an alpha (DMA) and a beta (DMB) chain, both anchored in the membrane. It is located in intracellular vesicles. DM plays a central role in the peptide loading of MHC class II molecules by helping to release the CLIP (class II-associated invariant chain peptide) molecule from the peptide binding site. Class II molecules are expressed in antigen presenting cells (APC: B lymphocytes, dendritic cells, macrophages). The beta chain is approximately 26-28 kDa and its gene contains 6 exons. Exon one encodes the leader peptide, exons 2 and 3 encode the two extracellular domains, exon 4 encodes the transmembrane domain and exon 5 encodes the cytoplasmic tail. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GPRC6A Gene

G protein-coupled receptor, class C, group 6, member A

Members of family C of the G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) superfamily, such as GPRC6A, are characterized by an evolutionarily conserved amino acid-sensing motif linked to an intramembranous 7-transmembrane loop region. Several members of GPCR family C, including GPRC6A, also have a long N-terminal domain (summary by Pi et al., 2005 [PubMed 16199532]).[supplied by OMIM, Nov 2010]

HLA-K Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class I, K (pseudogene)

TUBB8P10 Gene

tubulin, beta 8 class VIII pseudogene 10

HLA-J Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class I, J (pseudogene)

This major histocompatibility complex gene represents a transcribed pseudogene, possibly derived from HLA-A. [provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

HLA-L Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class I, L (pseudogene)

HLA-B Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class I, B

HLA-B belongs to the HLA class I heavy chain paralogues. This class I molecule is a heterodimer consisting of a heavy chain and a light chain (beta-2 microglobulin). The heavy chain is anchored in the membrane. Class I molecules play a central role in the immune system by presenting peptides derived from the endoplasmic reticulum lumen. They are expressed in nearly all cells. The heavy chain is approximately 45 kDa and its gene contains 8 exons. Exon 1 encodes the leader peptide, exon 2 and 3 encode the alpha1 and alpha2 domains, which both bind the peptide, exon 4 encodes the alpha3 domain, exon 5 encodes the transmembrane region and exons 6 and 7 encode the cytoplasmic tail. Polymorphisms within exon 2 and exon 3 are responsible for the peptide binding specificity of each class one molecule. Typing for these polymorphisms is routinely done for bone marrow and kidney transplantation. Hundreds of HLA-B alleles have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

HLA-A Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class I, A

HLA-A belongs to the HLA class I heavy chain paralogues. This class I molecule is a heterodimer consisting of a heavy chain and a light chain (beta-2 microglobulin). The heavy chain is anchored in the membrane. Class I molecules play a central role in the immune system by presenting peptides derived from the endoplasmic reticulum lumen. They are expressed in nearly all cells. The heavy chain is approximately 45 kDa and its gene contains 8 exons. Exon 1 encodes the leader peptide, exons 2 and 3 encode the alpha1 and alpha2 domains, which both bind the peptide, exon 4 encodes the alpha3 domain, exon 5 encodes the transmembrane region, and exons 6 and 7 encode the cytoplasmic tail. Polymorphisms within exon 2 and exon 3 are responsible for the peptide binding specificity of each class one molecule. Typing for these polymorphisms is routinely done for bone marrow and kidney transplantation. Hundreds of HLA-A alleles have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

HLA-G Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class I, G

HLA-G belongs to the HLA class I heavy chain paralogues. This class I molecule is a heterodimer consisting of a heavy chain and a light chain (beta-2 microglobulin). The heavy chain is anchored in the membrane. HLA-G is expressed on fetal derived placental cells. The heavy chain is approximately 45 kDa and its gene contains 8 exons. Exon one encodes the leader peptide, exons 2 and 3 encode the alpha1 and alpha2 domain, which both bind the peptide, exon 4 encodes the alpha3 domain, exon 5 encodes the transmembrane region, and exon 6 encodes the cytoplasmic tail. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

HLA-F Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class I, F

This gene belongs to the HLA class I heavy chain paralogues. It encodes a non-classical heavy chain that forms a heterodimer with a beta-2 microglobulin light chain, with the heavy chain anchored in the membrane. Unlike most other HLA heavy chains, this molecule is localized in the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus, with a small amount present at the cell surface in some cell types. It contains a divergent peptide-binding groove, and is thought to bind a restricted subset of peptides for immune presentation. This gene exhibits few polymorphisms. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. These variants lack a coding exon found in transcripts from other HLA paralogues due to an altered splice acceptor site, resulting in a shorter cytoplasmic domain. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

POU4F1 Gene

POU class 4 homeobox 1

This gene encodes a member of the POU-IV class of neural transcription factors. This protein is expressed in a subset of retinal ganglion cells and may be involved in the developing sensory nervous system. This protein may also promote the growth of cervical tumors. A translocation of this gene is associated with some adult acute myeloid leukemias. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2012]

POU4F2 Gene

POU class 4 homeobox 2

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the POU-domain transcription factor family and may be involved in maintaining visual system neurons in the retina. The level of the encoded protein is also elevated in a majority of breast cancers, resulting in accelerated tumor growth. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2011]

POU4F3 Gene

POU class 4 homeobox 3

This gene encodes a member of the POU-domain family of transcription factors. POU-domain proteins have been observed to play important roles in control of cell identity in several systems. This protein is found in the retina and may play a role in determining or maintaining the identities of a small subset of visual system neurons. Defects in this gene are the cause of non-syndromic sensorineural deafness autosomal dominant type 15. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2009]

LDLRAD1 Gene

low density lipoprotein receptor class A domain containing 1

LDLRAD2 Gene

low density lipoprotein receptor class A domain containing 2

LDLRAD3 Gene

low density lipoprotein receptor class A domain containing 3

HSP90AA3P Gene

heat shock protein 90kDa alpha (cytosolic), class A member 3, pseudogene

PIGFP1 Gene

phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, class F, pseudogene 1

PIGFP3 Gene

phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, class F, pseudogene 3

ATP10A Gene

ATPase, class V, type 10A

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the family of P-type cation transport ATPases, and to the subfamily of aminophospholipid-transporting ATPases. The aminophospholipid translocases transport phosphatidylserine and phosphatidylethanolamine from one side of a bilayer to another. This gene is maternally expressed. It maps within the most common interval of deletion responsible for Angelman syndrome, also known as 'happy puppet syndrome'. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

ATP10B Gene

ATPase, class V, type 10B

ATP10D Gene

ATPase, class V, type 10D

PIGUP1 Gene

phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, class U pseudogene 1

HLA-DOA Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class II, DO alpha

HLA-DOA belongs to the HLA class II alpha chain paralogues. HLA-DOA forms a heterodimer with HLA-DOB. The heterodimer, HLA-DO, is found in lysosomes in B cells and regulates HLA-DM-mediated peptide loading on MHC class II molecules. In comparison with classical HLA class II molecules, this gene exhibits very little sequence variation, especially at the protein level. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

HLA-DOB Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class II, DO beta

HLA-DOB belongs to the HLA class II beta chain paralogues. This class II molecule is a heterodimer consisting of an alpha (DOA) and a beta chain (DOB), both anchored in the membrane. It is located in intracellular vesicles. DO suppresses peptide loading of MHC class II molecules by inhibiting HLA-DM. Class II molecules are expressed in antigen presenting cells (APC: B lymphocytes, dendritic cells, macrophages). The beta chain is approximately 26-28 kDa and its gene contains 6 exons. Exon one encodes the leader peptide, exons 2 and 3 encode the two extracellular domains, exon 4 encodes the transmembrane domain and exon 5 encodes the cytoplasmic tail. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

HLA-DQA1 Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class II, DQ alpha 1

HLA-DQA1 belongs to the HLA class II alpha chain paralogues. The class II molecule is a heterodimer consisting of an alpha (DQA) and a beta chain (DQB), both anchored in the membrane. It plays a central role in the immune system by presenting peptides derived from extracellular proteins. Class II molecules are expressed in antigen presenting cells (APC: B Lymphocytes, dendritic cells, macrophages). The alpha chain is approximately 33-35 kDa. It is encoded by 5 exons; exon 1 encodes the leader peptide, exons 2 and 3 encode the two extracellular domains, and exon 4 encodes the transmembrane domain and the cytoplasmic tail. Within the DQ molecule both the alpha chain and the beta chain contain the polymorphisms specifying the peptide binding specificities, resulting in up to four different molecules. Typing for these polymorphisms is routinely done for bone marrow transplantation. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

HLA-DQA2 Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class II, DQ alpha 2

This gene belongs to the HLA class II alpha chain family. The encoded protein forms a heterodimer with a class II beta chain. It is located in intracellular vesicles and plays a central role in the peptide loading of MHC class II molecules by helping to release the CLIP molecule from the peptide binding site. Class II molecules are expressed in antigen presenting cells (B lymphocytes, dendritic cells, macrophages) and are used to present antigenic peptides on the cell surface to be recognized by CD4 T-cells. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2010]

FZD10 Gene

frizzled class receptor 10

This gene is a member of the frizzled gene family. Members of this family encode 7-transmembrane domain proteins that are receptors for the Wingless type MMTV integration site family of signaling proteins. Most frizzled receptors are coupled to the beta-catenin canonical signaling pathway. Using array analysis, expression of this intronless gene is significantly up-regulated in two cases of primary colon cancer. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SCARF2 Gene

scavenger receptor class F, member 2

The protein encoded by this gene is similar to SCARF1/SREC-I, a scavenger receptor protein that mediates the binding and degradation of acetylated low density lipoprotein (Ac-LDL). This protein has only little activity of internalizing modified low density lipoproteins (LDL), but it can interact with SCARF1 through its extracellular domain. The association of this protein with SCARF1 is suppressed by the presence of scavenger ligands. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been reported. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SCARF1 Gene

scavenger receptor class F, member 1

The protein encoded by this gene is a scavenger receptor that is expressed in endothelial cells. It regulates the uptake of chemically modified low density lipoproteins, including acetylated low density lipoprotein (Ac-LDL), and it may be involved in atherogenesis. This gene is regulated by the transcription factors ZNF444/EZF-2 and SP1. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2013]

PIGHP1 Gene

phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, class H pseudogene 1

POU2AF1 Gene

POU class 2 associating factor 1

LOC646197 Gene

heat shock protein 90kDa alpha (cytosolic), class B member 1 pseudogene

POU6F2 Gene

POU class 6 homeobox 2

This gene encodes a member of the POU protein family characterized by the presence of a bipartite DNA binding domain, consisting of a POU-specific domain and a homeodomain, separated by a variable polylinker. The DNA binding domain may bind to DNA as monomers or as homo- and/or heterodimers, in a sequence-specific manner. The POU family members are transcriptional regulators, many of which are known to control cell type-specific differentiation pathways. This gene is a tumor suppressor involved in Wilms tumor (WT) predisposition. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been found for this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]

POU6F1 Gene

POU class 6 homeobox 1

LOC643371 Gene

tubulin, beta 2B class IIb pseudogene

POU1F1 Gene

POU class 1 homeobox 1

This gene encodes a member of the POU family of transcription factors that regulate mammalian development. The protein regulates expression of several genes involved in pituitary development and hormone expression. Mutations in this genes result in combined pituitary hormone deficiency. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TUBB Gene

tubulin, beta class I

This gene encodes a beta tubulin protein. This protein forms a dimer with alpha tubulin and acts as a structural component of microtubules. Mutations in this gene cause cortical dysplasia, complex, with other brain malformations 6. Alternative splicing results in multiple splice variants. There are multiple pseudogenes for this gene on chromosomes 1, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 13. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2014]

LOC346329 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), alpha 11 (Gq class) pseudogene

MAN1A1 Gene

mannosidase, alpha, class 1A, member 1

This gene encodes a class I mammalian Golgi 1,2-mannosidase which is a type II transmembrane protein. This protein catalyzes the hydrolysis of three terminal mannose residues from peptide-bound Man(9)-GlcNAc(2) oligosaccharides and belongs to family 47 of glycosyl hydrolases. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2012]

MAN1A2 Gene

mannosidase, alpha, class 1A, member 2

Alpha-mannosidases function at different stages of N-glycan maturation in mammalian cells. See MAN2A1 (MIM 154582) for general information.[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

MAN2A2 Gene

mannosidase, alpha, class 2A, member 2

MAN2A1 Gene

mannosidase, alpha, class 2A, member 1

This gene encodes a glycosyl hydrolase that localizes to the Golgi and catalyzes the final hydrolytic step in the asparagine-linked oligosaccharide (N-glycan) maturation pathway. Mutations in the mouse homolog of this gene have been shown to cause a systemic autoimmune disease similar to human systemic lupus erythematosus. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2013]

TUBB3P1 Gene

tubulin, beta 3 class III pseudogene 1

MR1 Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class I-related

RFX4 Gene

regulatory factor X, 4 (influences HLA class II expression)

This gene is a member of the regulatory factor X gene family, which encodes transcription factors that contain a highly-conserved winged helix DNA binding domain. The protein encoded by this gene is structurally related to regulatory factors X1, X2, X3, and X5. It has been shown to interact with itself as well as with regulatory factors X2 and X3, but it does not interact with regulatory factor X1. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, May 2011]

RFX5 Gene

regulatory factor X, 5 (influences HLA class II expression)

A lack of MHC-II expression results in a severe immunodeficiency syndrome called MHC-II deficiency, or the bare lymphocyte syndrome (BLS; MIM 209920). At least 4 complementation groups have been identified in B-cell lines established from patients with BLS. The molecular defects in complementation groups B, C, and D all lead to a deficiency in RFX, a nuclear protein complex that binds to the X box of MHC-II promoters. The lack of RFX binding activity in complementation group C results from mutations in the RFX5 gene encoding the 75-kD subunit of RFX (Steimle et al., 1995). RFX5 is the fifth member of the growing family of DNA-binding proteins sharing a novel and highly characteristic DNA-binding domain called the RFX motif. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found but the full-length natures of only two have been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

RFX1 Gene

regulatory factor X, 1 (influences HLA class II expression)

This gene is a member of the regulatory factor X gene family, which encodes transcription factors that contain a highly-conserved winged helix DNA binding domain. The protein encoded by this gene is structurally related to regulatory factors X2, X3, X4, and X5. It is a transcriptional activator that can bind DNA as a monomer or as a heterodimer with RFX family members X2, X3, and X5, but not with X4. This protein binds to the X-boxes of MHC class II genes and is essential for their expression. Also, it can bind to an inverted repeat that is required for expression of hepatitis B virus genes. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

RFX2 Gene

regulatory factor X, 2 (influences HLA class II expression)

This gene is a member of the regulatory factor X gene family, which encodes transcription factors that contain a highly-conserved winged helix DNA binding domain. The protein encoded by this gene is structurally related to regulatory factors X1, X3, X4, and X5. It is a transcriptional activator that can bind DNA as a monomer or as a heterodimer with other RFX family members. This protein can bind to cis elements in the promoter of the IL-5 receptor alpha gene. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described for this gene, and both variants utilize alternative polyadenylation sites. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

RFX3 Gene

regulatory factor X, 3 (influences HLA class II expression)

This gene is a member of the regulatory factor X gene family, which encodes transcription factors that contain a highly-conserved winged helix DNA binding domain. The protein encoded by this gene is structurally related to regulatory factors X1, X2, X4, and X5. It is a transcriptional activator that can bind DNA as a monomer or as a heterodimer with other RFX family members. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2013]

LOC442064 Gene

phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, class Y pseudogene

GNA15 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), alpha 15 (Gq class)

GNA11 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), alpha 11 (Gq class)

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the family of guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins), which function as modulators or transducers in various transmembrane signaling systems. G proteins are composed of 3 units: alpha, beta and gamma. This gene encodes one of the alpha subunits (subunit alpha-11). Mutations in this gene have been associated with hypocalciuric hypercalcemia type II (HHC2) and hypocalcemia dominant 2 (HYPOC2). Patients with HHC2 and HYPOC2 exhibit decreased or increased sensitivity, respectively, to changes in extracellular calcium concentrations. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2013]

TUBB4BP2 Gene

tubulin, beta 4B class IVb pseudogene 2

ADH5P2 Gene

alcohol dehydrogenase 5 (class III), chi polypeptide, pseudogene 2

LOC100127917 Gene

heat shock protein 90kDa alpha (cytosolic), class B member 1 pseudogene

HSP90AA5P Gene

heat shock protein 90kDa alpha (cytosolic), class A member 5, pseudogene

FZD1 Gene

frizzled class receptor 1

Members of the 'frizzled' gene family encode 7-transmembrane domain proteins that are receptors for Wnt signaling proteins. The FZD1 protein contains a signal peptide, a cysteine-rich domain in the N-terminal extracellular region, 7 transmembrane domains, and a C-terminal PDZ domain-binding motif. The FZD1 transcript is expressed in various tissues. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

FZD2 Gene

frizzled class receptor 2

This intronless gene is a member of the frizzled gene family. Members of this family encode seven-transmembrane domain proteins that are receptors for the wingless type MMTV integration site family of signaling proteins. This gene encodes a protein that is coupled to the beta-catenin canonical signaling pathway. Competition between the wingless-type MMTV integration site family, member 3A and wingless-type MMTV integration site family, member 5A gene products for binding of this protein is thought to regulate the beta-catenin-dependent and -independent pathways. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2010]

FZD3 Gene

frizzled class receptor 3

This gene is a member of the frizzled gene family. Members of this family encode seven-transmembrane domain proteins that are receptors for the wingless type MMTV integration site family of signaling proteins. Most frizzled receptors are coupled to the beta-catenin canonical signaling pathway. The function of this protein is unknown, although it may play a role in mammalian hair follicle development. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. This gene is a susceptibility locus for schizophrenia. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2010]

FZD4 Gene

frizzled class receptor 4

This gene is a member of the frizzled gene family. Members of this family encode seven-transmembrane domain proteins that are receptors for the Wingless type MMTV integration site family of signaling proteins. Most frizzled receptors are coupled to the beta-catenin canonical signaling pathway. This protein may play a role as a positive regulator of the Wingless type MMTV integration site signaling pathway. A transcript variant retaining intronic sequence and encoding a shorter isoform has been described, however, its expression is not supported by other experimental evidence. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

FZD5 Gene

frizzled class receptor 5

Members of the 'frizzled' gene family encode 7-transmembrane domain proteins that are receptors for Wnt signaling proteins. The FZD5 protein is believed to be the receptor for the Wnt5A ligand. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

FZD6 Gene

frizzled class receptor 6

This gene represents a member of the 'frizzled' gene family, which encode 7-transmembrane domain proteins that are receptors for Wnt signaling proteins. The protein encoded by this family member contains a signal peptide, a cysteine-rich domain in the N-terminal extracellular region, and seven transmembrane domains, but unlike other family members, this protein does not contain a C-terminal PDZ domain-binding motif. This protein functions as a negative regulator of the canonical Wnt/beta-catenin signaling cascade, thereby inhibiting the processes that trigger oncogenic transformation, cell proliferation, and inhibition of apoptosis. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants, some of which do not encode a protein with a predicted signal peptide.[provided by RefSeq, Aug 2011]

FZD7 Gene

frizzled class receptor 7

Members of the 'frizzled' gene family encode 7-transmembrane domain proteins that are receptors for Wnt signaling proteins. The FZD7 protein contains an N-terminal signal sequence, 10 cysteine residues typical of the cysteine-rich extracellular domain of Fz family members, 7 putative transmembrane domains, and an intracellular C-terminal tail with a PDZ domain-binding motif. FZD7 gene expression may downregulate APC function and enhance beta-catenin-mediated signals in poorly differentiated human esophageal carcinomas. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

FZD8 Gene

frizzled class receptor 8

This intronless gene is a member of the frizzled gene family. Members of this family encode seven-transmembrane domain proteins that are receptors for the Wingless type MMTV integration site family of signaling proteins. Most frizzled receptors are coupled to the beta-catenin canonical signaling pathway. This gene is highly expressed in two human cancer cell lines, indicating that it may play a role in several types of cancer. The crystal structure of the extracellular cysteine-rich domain of a similar mouse protein has been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

FZD9 Gene

frizzled class receptor 9

Members of the 'frizzled' gene family encode 7-transmembrane domain proteins that are receptors for Wnt signaling proteins. The FZD9 gene is located within the Williams syndrome common deletion region of chromosome 7, and heterozygous deletion of the FZD9 gene may contribute to the Williams syndrome phenotype. FZD9 is expressed predominantly in brain, testis, eye, skeletal muscle, and kidney. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

POU3F3 Gene

POU class 3 homeobox 3

This gene encodes a POU-domain containing protein that functions as a transcription factor. The encoded protein recognizes an octamer sequence in the DNA of target genes. This protein may play a role in development of the nervous system. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2015]

POU3F2 Gene

POU class 3 homeobox 2

This gene encodes a member of the POU-III class of neural transcription factors. The encoded protein is involved in neuronal differentiation and enhances the activation of corticotropin-releasing hormone regulated genes. Overexpression of this protein is associated with an increase in the proliferation of melanoma cells. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2012]

POU3F1 Gene

POU class 3 homeobox 1

POU3F4 Gene

POU class 3 homeobox 4

This gene encodes a member of the POU-III class of neural transcription factors. This family member plays a role in inner ear development. The protein is thought to be involved in the mediation of epigenetic signals which induce striatal neuron-precursor differentiation. Mutations in this gene are associated with X chromosome-linked nonsyndromic mixed deafness. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2012]

HLA-H Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class I, H (pseudogene)

This major histocompatibility complex gene represents a transcribed pseudogene, possibly derived from HLA-A. This gene displays extensive variation. [provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

HLA-N Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class I, N (pseudogene)

HLA-C Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class I, C

HLA-C belongs to the HLA class I heavy chain paralogues. This class I molecule is a heterodimer consisting of a heavy chain and a light chain (beta-2 microglobulin). The heavy chain is anchored in the membrane. Class I molecules play a central role in the immune system by presenting peptides derived from endoplasmic reticulum lumen. They are expressed in nearly all cells. The heavy chain is approximately 45 kDa and its gene contains 8 exons. Exon one encodes the leader peptide, exons 2 and 3 encode the alpha1 and alpha2 domain, which both bind the peptide, exon 4 encodes the alpha3 domain, exon 5 encodes the transmembrane region, and exons 6 and 7 encode the cytoplasmic tail. Polymorphisms within exon 2 and exon 3 are responsible for the peptide binding specificity of each class one molecule. Typing for these polymorphisms is routinely done for bone marrow and kidney transplantation. Over one hundred HLA-C alleles have been described [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

HLA-E Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class I, E

HLA-E belongs to the HLA class I heavy chain paralogues. This class I molecule is a heterodimer consisting of a heavy chain and a light chain (beta-2 microglobulin). The heavy chain is anchored in the membrane. HLA-E binds a restricted subset of peptides derived from the leader peptides of other class I molecules. The heavy chain is approximately 45 kDa and its gene contains 8 exons. Exon one encodes the leader peptide, exons 2 and 3 encode the alpha1 and alpha2 domains, which both bind the peptide, exon 4 encodes the alpha3 domain, exon 5 encodes the transmembrane region, and exons 6 and 7 encode the cytoplasmic tail. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

HLA-Z Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class I, Z (pseudogene)

HLA-Y Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class I, Y (pseudogene)

HLA-X Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class I, X (pseudogene)

HLA-S Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class I, S (pseudogene)

HLA-P Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class I, P (pseudogene)

HLA-W Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class I, W (pseudogene)

HLA-V Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class I, V (pseudogene)

HLA-U Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class I, U (pseudogene)

HLA-T Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class I, T (pseudogene)

LOC100129456 Gene

heat shock protein 90kDa alpha (cytosolic), class B member 1 pseudogene

LDLRAD4 Gene

low density lipoprotein receptor class A domain containing 4

TUBB1P1 Gene

tubulin, beta 1 class VI pseudogene 1

TUBB1P2 Gene

tubulin, beta 1 class VI pseudogene 2

MAN2B2 Gene

mannosidase, alpha, class 2B, member 2

MAN2B1 Gene

mannosidase, alpha, class 2B, member 1

This gene encodes an enzyme that hydrolyzes terminal, non-reducing alpha-D-mannose residues in alpha-D-mannosides. Its activity is necessary for the catabolism of N-linked carbohydrates released during glycoprotein turnover and it is member of family 38 of glycosyl hydrolases. The full length protein is processed in two steps. First, a 49 aa leader sequence is cleaved off and the remainder of the protein is processed into 3 peptides of 70 kDa, 42 kDa (D) and 13/15 kDa (E). Next, the 70 kDa peptide is further processed into three peptides (A, B and C). The A, B and C peptides are disulfide-linked. Defects in this gene have been associated with lysosomal alpha-mannosidosis. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Mar 2010]

RAB11FIP1P1 Gene

RAB11 family interacting protein 1 (class I) pseudogene 1

HSP90AB2P Gene

heat shock protein 90kDa alpha (cytosolic), class B member 2, pseudogene

LOC100533710 Gene

mannosidase, alpha, class 1B, member 1 pseudogene

LOC101928948 Gene

scavenger receptor class F member 2-like

HLA-DMA Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class II, DM alpha

HLA-DMA belongs to the HLA class II alpha chain paralogues. This class II molecule is a heterodimer consisting of an alpha (DMA) and a beta chain (DMB), both anchored in the membrane. It is located in intracellular vesicles. DM plays a central role in the peptide loading of MHC class II molecules by helping to release the CLIP molecule from the peptide binding site. Class II molecules are expressed in antigen presenting cells (APC: B lymphocytes, dendritic cells, macrophages). The alpha chain is approximately 33-35 kDa and its gene contains 5 exons. Exon one encodes the leader peptide, exons 2 and 3 encode the two extracellular domains, exon 4 encodes the transmembrane domain and the cytoplasmic tail. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

ADH5P4 Gene

alcohol dehydrogenase 5 (class III), chi polypeptide, pseudogene 4

ADH5P3 Gene

alcohol dehydrogenase 5 (class III), chi polypeptide, pseudogene 3

TUBB4BP6 Gene

tubulin, beta 4B class IVb pseudogene 6

LOC100419014 Gene

tubulin, beta 6 class V pseudogene

POU5F1 Gene

POU class 5 homeobox 1

This gene encodes a transcription factor containing a POU homeodomain that plays a key role in embryonic development and stem cell pluripotency. Aberrant expression of this gene in adult tissues is associated with tumorigenesis. This gene can participate in a translocation with the Ewing's sarcoma gene on chromosome 21, which also leads to tumor formation. Alternative splicing, as well as usage of alternative AUG and non-AUG translation initiation codons, results in multiple isoforms. One of the AUG start codons is polymorphic in human populations. Related pseudogenes have been identified on chromosomes 1, 3, 8, 10, and 12. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2013]

POU5F2 Gene

POU domain class 5, transcription factor 2

GPRC5D Gene

G protein-coupled receptor, class C, group 5, member D

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the G protein-coupled receptor family; however, the specific function of this gene has not yet been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GPRC5A Gene

G protein-coupled receptor, class C, group 5, member A

This gene encodes a member of the type 3 G protein-coupling receptor family, characterized by the signature 7-transmembrane domain motif. The encoded protein may be involved in interaction between retinoid acid and G protein signalling pathways. Retinoic acid plays a critical role in development, cellular growth, and differentiation. This gene may play a role in embryonic development and epithelial cell differentiation. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GPRC5C Gene

G protein-coupled receptor, class C, group 5, member C

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the type 3 G protein-coupled receptor family. Members of this superfamily are characterized by a signature 7-transmembrane domain motif. The specific function of this protein is unknown; however, this protein may mediate the cellular effects of retinoic acid on the G protein signal transduction cascade. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

HSP90AA2P Gene

heat shock protein 90kDa alpha (cytosolic), class A member 2, pseudogene

HSP90 proteins are highly conserved molecular chaperones that have key roles in signal transduction, protein folding, protein degradation, and morphologic evolution. HSP90 proteins normally associate with other cochaperones and play important roles in folding newly synthesized proteins or stabilizing and refolding denatured proteins after stress. HSP90AA2 is a cytosolic HSP90 protein. Other HSP90 proteins are found in endoplasmic reticulum (HSP90B1; MIM 191175) and mitochondria (TRAP1; MIM 606219) (Chen et al., 2005 [PubMed 16269234]). See HSP90AA1 (MIM 140571) for further information on HSP90 proteins.[supplied by OMIM, Aug 2008]

TUBB8P8 Gene

tubulin, beta 8 class VIII pseudogene 8

TUBB8P5 Gene

tubulin, beta 8 class VIII pseudogene 5

GPRC5B Gene

G protein-coupled receptor, class C, group 5, member B

This gene encodes a member of the type 3 G protein-coupled receptor family. Members of this superfamily are characterized by a signature 7-transmembrane domain motif. The encoded protein may modulate insulin secretion and increased protein expression is associated with type 2 diabetes. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2015]

PIGPP3 Gene

phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, class P pseudogene 3

HSP90AB7P Gene

heat shock protein 90kDa alpha (cytosolic), class B member 7, pseudogene

HLA-DPA1 Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class II, DP alpha 1

HLA-DPA1 belongs to the HLA class II alpha chain paralogues. This class II molecule is a heterodimer consisting of an alpha (DPA) and a beta (DPB) chain, both anchored in the membrane. It plays a central role in the immune system by presenting peptides derived from extracellular proteins. Class II molecules are expressed in antigen presenting cells (APC: B lymphocytes, dendritic cells, macrophages). The alpha chain is approximately 33-35 kDa and its gene contains 5 exons. Exon one encodes the leader peptide, exons 2 and 3 encode the two extracellular domains, exon 4 encodes the transmembrane domain and the cytoplasmic tail. Within the DP molecule both the alpha chain and the beta chain contain the polymorphisms specifying the peptide binding specificities, resulting in up to 4 different molecules. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

HLA-DPA3 Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class II, DP alpha 3 (pseudogene)

HLA-DPA2 Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class II, DP alpha 2 (pseudogene)

TUBB8P11 Gene

tubulin, beta 8 class VIII pseudogene 11

TUBBP10 Gene

tubulin, beta class I pseudogene 10

ADH7 Gene

alcohol dehydrogenase 7 (class IV), mu or sigma polypeptide

This gene encodes class IV alcohol dehydrogenase 7 mu or sigma subunit, which is a member of the alcohol dehydrogenase family. Members of this family metabolize a wide variety of substrates, including ethanol, retinol, other aliphatic alcohols, hydroxysteroids, and lipid peroxidation products. The enzyme encoded by this gene is inefficient in ethanol oxidation, but is the most active as a retinol dehydrogenase; thus it may participate in the synthesis of retinoic acid, a hormone important for cellular differentiation. The expression of this gene is much more abundant in stomach than liver, thus differing from the other known gene family members. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]

ADH6 Gene

alcohol dehydrogenase 6 (class V)

This gene encodes class V alcohol dehydrogenase, which is a member of the alcohol dehydrogenase family. Members of this family metabolize a wide variety of substrates, including ethanol, retinol, other aliphatic alcohols, hydroxysteroids, and lipid peroxidation products. This gene is expressed in the stomach as well as in the liver, and it contains a glucocorticoid response element upstream of its 5' UTR, which is a steroid hormone receptor binding site. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

ADH5 Gene

alcohol dehydrogenase 5 (class III), chi polypeptide

This gene encodes a member of the alcohol dehydrogenase family. Members of this family metabolize a wide variety of substrates, including ethanol, retinol, other aliphatic alcohols, hydroxysteroids, and lipid peroxidation products. The encoded protein forms a homodimer. It has virtually no activity for ethanol oxidation, but exhibits high activity for oxidation of long-chain primary alcohols and for oxidation of S-hydroxymethyl-glutathione, a spontaneous adduct between formaldehyde and glutathione. This enzyme is an important component of cellular metabolism for the elimination of formaldehyde, a potent irritant and sensitizing agent that causes lacrymation, rhinitis, pharyngitis, and contact dermatitis. The human genome contains several non-transcribed pseudogenes related to this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2008]

ADH4 Gene

alcohol dehydrogenase 4 (class II), pi polypeptide

This gene encodes class II alcohol dehydrogenase 4 pi subunit, which is a member of the alcohol dehydrogenase family. Members of this enzyme family metabolize a wide variety of substrates, including ethanol, retinol, other aliphatic alcohols, hydroxysteroids, and lipid peroxidation products. Class II alcohol dehydrogenase is a homodimer composed of 2 pi subunits. It exhibits a high activity for oxidation of long-chain aliphatic alcohols and aromatic alcohols and is less sensitive to pyrazole. This gene is localized to chromosome 4 in the cluster of alcohol dehydrogenase genes. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

HLA-DRB8 Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class II, DR beta 8 (pseudogene)

HLA-DRB9 Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class II, DR beta 9 (pseudogene)

HLA-DRB2 Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class II, DR beta 2 (pseudogene)

HLA-DRB3 Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class II, DR beta 3

HLA-DRB3 belongs to the HLA class II beta chain paralogues. This class II molecule is a heterodimer consisting of an alpha (DRA) and a beta (DRB) chain, both anchored in the membrane. It plays a central role in the immune system by presenting peptides derived from extracellular proteins. Class II molecules are expressed in antigen presenting cells (APC: B lymphocytes, dendritic cells, macrophages). The beta chain is approximately 26-28 kDa and its gene contains 6 exons. Exon one encodes the leader peptide, exons 2 and 3 encode the two extracellular domains, exon 4 encodes the transmembrane domain and exon 5 encodes the cytoplasmic tail. Within the DR molecule the beta chain contains all the polymorphisms specifying the peptide binding specificities. Typing for these polymorphisms is routinely done for bone marrow and kidney transplantation. DRB1 is expressed at a level five times higher than its paralogues DRB3, DRB4 and DRB5. The presence of DRB3 is linked with allelic variants of DRB1, otherwise it is omitted. There are 4 related pseudogenes: DRB2, DRB6, DRB7, DRB8 and DRB9. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

HLA-DRB1 Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class II, DR beta 1

HLA-DRB1 belongs to the HLA class II beta chain paralogs. The class II molecule is a heterodimer consisting of an alpha (DRA) and a beta chain (DRB), both anchored in the membrane. It plays a central role in the immune system by presenting peptides derived from extracellular proteins. Class II molecules are expressed in antigen presenting cells (APC: B lymphocytes, dendritic cells, macrophages). The beta chain is approximately 26-28 kDa. It is encoded by 6 exons. Exon one encodes the leader peptide; exons 2 and 3 encode the two extracellular domains; exon 4 encodes the transmembrane domain; and exon 5 encodes the cytoplasmic tail. Within the DR molecule the beta chain contains all the polymorphisms specifying the peptide binding specificities. Hundreds of DRB1 alleles have been described and typing for these polymorphisms is routinely done for bone marrow and kidney transplantation. DRB1 is expressed at a level five times higher than its paralogs DRB3, DRB4 and DRB5. DRB1 is present in all individuals. Allelic variants of DRB1 are linked with either none or one of the genes DRB3, DRB4 and DRB5. There are 4 related pseudogenes: DRB2, DRB6, DRB7, DRB8 and DRB9. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

HLA-DRB6 Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class II, DR beta 6 (pseudogene)

HLA-DRB7 Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class II, DR beta 7 (pseudogene)

HLA-DRB4 Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class II, DR beta 4

HLA-DRB4 belongs to the HLA class II beta chain paralogues. This class II molecule is a heterodimer consisting of an alpha (DRA) and a beta (DRB) chain, both anchored in the membrane. It plays a central role in the immune system by presenting peptides derived from extracellular proteins. Class II molecules are expressed in antigen presenting cells (APC: B lymphocytes, dendritic cells, macrophages). The beta chain is approximately 26-28 kDa and its gene contains 6 exons. Exon one encodes the leader peptide, exons 2 and 3 encode the two extracellular domains, exon 4 encodes the transmembrane domain and exon 5 encodes the cytoplasmic tail. Within the DR molecule the beta chain contains all the polymorphisms specifying the peptide binding specificities. Typing for these polymorphisms is routinely done for bone marrow and kidney transplantation. DRB1 is expressed at a level five times higher than its paralogues DRB3, DRB4 and DRB5. The presence of DRB4 is linked with allelic variants of DRB1, otherwise it is omitted. There are 4 related pseudogenes: DRB2, DRB6, DRB7, DRB8 and DRB9. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

HLA-DRB5 Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class II, DR beta 5

HLA-DRB5 belongs to the HLA class II beta chain paralogues. This class II molecule is a heterodimer consisting of an alpha (DRA) and a beta (DRB) chain, both anchored in the membrane. It plays a central role in the immune system by presenting peptides derived from extracellular proteins. Class II molecules are expressed in antigen presenting cells (APC: B lymphocytes, dendritic cells, macrophages). The beta chain is approximately 26-28 kDa and its gene contains 6 exons. Exon one encodes the leader peptide, exons 2 and 3 encode the two extracellular domains, exon 4 encodes the transmembrane domain and exon 5 encodes the cytoplasmic tail. Within the DR molecule the beta chain contains all the polymorphisms specifying the peptide binding specificities. Typing for these polymorphisms is routinely done for bone marrow and kidney transplantation. DRB1 is expressed at a level five times higher than its paralogues DRB3, DRB4 and DRB5. The presence of DRB5 is linked with allelic variants of DRB1, otherwise it is omitted. There are 4 related pseudogenes: DRB2, DRB6, DRB7, DRB8 and DRB9. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC105377827 Gene

scavenger receptor class F member 2-like

LOC100132857 Gene

heat shock protein 90kDa alpha (cytosolic), class B member 1 pseudogene

SMO Gene

smoothened, frizzled class receptor

The protein encoded by this gene is a G protein-coupled receptor that interacts with the patched protein, a receptor for hedgehog proteins. The encoded protein tranduces signals to other proteins after activation by a hedgehog protein/patched protein complex. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2010]

ATP8B3 Gene

ATPase, aminophospholipid transporter, class I, type 8B, member 3

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the family of P-type cation transport ATPases, and to the subfamily of aminophospholipid-transporting ATPases. The aminophospholipid translocases transport phosphatidylserine and phosphatidylethanolamine from one side of a bilayer to the other. This gene encodes member 3 of phospholipid-transporting ATPase 8B; other members of this protein family are located on chromosomes 1, 15 and 18. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2012]

ATP8B2 Gene

ATPase, aminophospholipid transporter, class I, type 8B, member 2

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the family of P-type cation transport ATPases, and to the subfamily of aminophospholipid-transporting ATPases. The aminophospholipid translocases transport phosphatidylserine and phosphatidylethanolamine from one side of a bilayer to another. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

ATP8B1 Gene

ATPase, aminophospholipid transporter, class I, type 8B, member 1

This gene encodes a member of the P-type cation transport ATPase family, which belongs to the subfamily of aminophospholipid-transporting ATPases. The aminophospholipid translocases transport phosphatidylserine and phosphatidylethanolamine from one side of a bilayer to another. Mutations in this gene may result in progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis type 1 and in benign recurrent intrahepatic cholestasis. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

ATP8B4 Gene

ATPase, class I, type 8B, member 4

This gene encodes a member of the cation transport ATPase (P-type) family and type IV subfamily. The encoded protein is involved in phospholipid transport in the cell membrane. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2013]

PIGAP1 Gene

phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, class A, pseudogene 1

ATP8A2P2 Gene

ATPase, aminophospholipid transporter, class I, type 8A, member 2 pseudogene 2

CD74 Gene

CD74 molecule, major histocompatibility complex, class II invariant chain

The protein encoded by this gene associates with class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) and is an important chaperone that regulates antigen presentation for immune response. It also serves as cell surface receptor for the cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) which, when bound to the encoded protein, initiates survival pathways and cell proliferation. This protein also interacts with amyloid precursor protein (APP) and suppresses the production of amyloid beta (Abeta). Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2011]

PIGP Gene

phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, class P

This gene encodes an enzyme involved in the first step of glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchor biosynthesis. The GPI-anchor is a glycolipid found on many blood cells that serves to anchor proteins to the cell surface. The encoded protein is a component of the GPI-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase complex that catalyzes the transfer of N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) from UDP-GlcNAc to phosphatidylinositol (PI). This gene is located in the Down Syndrome critical region on chromosome 21 and is a candidate for the pathogenesis of Down syndrome. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

MAN1A2P1 Gene

mannosidase, alpha, class 1A, member 2 pseudogene 1

CIITA Gene

class II, major histocompatibility complex, transactivator

This gene encodes a protein with an acidic transcriptional activation domain, 4 LRRs (leucine-rich repeats) and a GTP binding domain. The protein is located in the nucleus and acts as a positive regulator of class II major histocompatibility complex gene transcription, and is referred to as the "master control factor" for the expression of these genes. The protein also binds GTP and uses GTP binding to facilitate its own transport into the nucleus. Once in the nucleus it does not bind DNA but rather uses an intrinsic acetyltransferase (AT) activity to act in a coactivator-like fashion. Mutations in this gene have been associated with bare lymphocyte syndrome type II (also known as hereditary MHC class II deficiency or HLA class II-deficient combined immunodeficiency), increased susceptibility to rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, and possibly myocardial infarction. Several transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2013]

MAN1B1 Gene

mannosidase, alpha, class 1B, member 1

This gene encodes an enzyme belonging to the glycosyl hydrolase 47 family. This enzyme functions in N-glycan biosynthesis, and is a class I alpha-1,2-mannosidase that specifically converts Man9GlcNAc to Man8GlcNAc isomer B. It is required for N-glycan trimming to Man5-6GlcNAc2 in the endoplasmic-reticulum-associated degradation pathway. Mutations in this gene cause autosomal-recessive intellectual disability. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. A related pseudogene has been identified on chromosome 11. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2011]

POU5F1P2 Gene

POU class 5 homeobox 1 pseudogene 2

POU5F1P3 Gene

POU class 5 homeobox 1 pseudogene 3

POU5F1P4 Gene

POU class 5 homeobox 1 pseudogene 4

HSP90AB4P Gene

heat shock protein 90kDa alpha (cytosolic), class B member 4, pseudogene

ADH1C Gene

alcohol dehydrogenase 1C (class I), gamma polypeptide

This gene encodes class I alcohol dehydrogenase, gamma subunit, which is a member of the alcohol dehydrogenase family. Members of this enzyme family metabolize a wide variety of substrates, including ethanol, retinol, other aliphatic alcohols, hydroxysteroids, and lipid peroxidation products. Class I alcohol dehydrogenase, consisting of several homo- and heterodimers of alpha, beta, and gamma subunits, exhibits high activity for ethanol oxidation and plays a major role in ethanol catabolism. Three genes encoding alpha, beta and gamma subunits are tandemly organized in a genomic segment as a gene cluster. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

ADH1B Gene

alcohol dehydrogenase 1B (class I), beta polypeptide

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the alcohol dehydrogenase family. Members of this enzyme family metabolize a wide variety of substrates, including ethanol, retinol, other aliphatic alcohols, hydroxysteroids, and lipid peroxidation products. This encoded protein, consisting of several homo- and heterodimers of alpha, beta, and gamma subunits, exhibits high activity for ethanol oxidation and plays a major role in ethanol catabolism. Three genes encoding alpha, beta and gamma subunits are tandemly organized in a genomic segment as a gene cluster. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2013]

ADH1A Gene

alcohol dehydrogenase 1A (class I), alpha polypeptide

This gene encodes a member of the alcohol dehydrogenase family. The encoded protein is the alpha subunit of class I alcohol dehydrogenase, which consists of several homo- and heterodimers of alpha, beta and gamma subunits. Alcohol dehydrogenases catalyze the oxidation of alcohols to aldehydes. This gene is active in the liver in early fetal life but only weakly active in adult liver. This gene is found in a cluster with six additional alcohol dehydrogenase genes, including those encoding the beta and gamma subunits, on the long arm of chromosome 4. Mutations in this gene may contribute to variation in certain personality traits and substance dependence. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2010]

HLA-DPB1 Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class II, DP beta 1

HLA-DPB belongs to the HLA class II beta chain paralogues. This class II molecule is a heterodimer consisting of an alpha (DPA) and a beta chain (DPB), both anchored in the membrane. It plays a central role in the immune system by presenting peptides derived from extracellular proteins. Class II molecules are expressed in antigen presenting cells (APC: B lymphocytes, dendritic cells, macrophages). The beta chain is approximately 26-28 kDa and its gene contains 6 exons. Exon one encodes the leader peptide, exons 2 and 3 encode the two extracellular domains, exon 4 encodes the transmembrane domain and exon 5 encodes the cytoplasmic tail. Within the DP molecule both the alpha chain and the beta chain contain the polymorphisms specifying the peptide binding specificities, resulting in up to 4 different molecules. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

HLA-DPB2 Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class II, DP beta 2 (pseudogene)

TUBB8 Gene

tubulin, beta 8 class VIII

TUBB6 Gene

tubulin, beta 6 class V

TUBB3 Gene

tubulin, beta 3 class III

This gene encodes a class III member of the beta tubulin protein family. Beta tubulins are one of two core protein families (alpha and beta tubulins) that heterodimerize and assemble to form microtubules. This protein is primarily expressed in neurons and may be involved in neurogenesis and axon guidance and maintenance. Mutations in this gene are the cause of congenital fibrosis of the extraocular muscles type 3. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. A pseudogene of this gene is found on chromosome 6. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2010]

TUBB1 Gene

tubulin, beta 1 class VI

This gene encodes a member of the beta tubulin protein family. Beta tubulins are one of two core protein families (alpha and beta tubulins) that heterodimerize and assemble to form microtubules. This protein is specifically expressed in platelets and megakaryocytes and may be involved in proplatelet production and platelet release. A mutations in this gene is associated with autosomal dominant macrothrombocytopenia. Two pseudogenes of this gene are found on chromosome Y.[provided by RefSeq, Jul 2010]

TUBB4BP7 Gene

tubulin, beta 4B class IVb pseudogene 7

TUBB4B Gene

tubulin, beta 4B class IVb

TUBB4A Gene

tubulin, beta 4A class IVa

This gene encodes a member of the beta tubulin family. Beta tubulins are one of two core protein families (alpha and beta tubulins) that heterodimerize and assemble to form microtubules. Mutations in this gene cause hypomyelinating leukodystrophy-6 and autosomal dominant torsion dystonia-4. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. A pseudogene of this gene is found on chromosome X. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2014]

ATP8A2 Gene

ATPase, aminophospholipid transporter, class I, type 8A, member 2

ATP8A1 Gene

ATPase, aminophospholipid transporter (APLT), class I, type 8A, member 1

The P-type adenosinetriphosphatases (P-type ATPases) are a family of proteins which use the free energy of ATP hydrolysis to drive uphill transport of ions across membranes. Several subfamilies of P-type ATPases have been identified. One subfamily catalyzes transport of heavy metal ions. Another subfamily transports non-heavy metal ions (NMHI). The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the third subfamily of P-type ATPases and acts to transport amphipaths, such as phosphatidylserine. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SCARB2 Gene

scavenger receptor class B, member 2

The protein encoded by this gene is a type III glycoprotein that is located primarily in limiting membranes of lysosomes and endosomes. Earlier studies in mice and rat suggested that this protein may participate in membrane transportation and the reorganization of endosomal/lysosomal compartment. The protein deficiency in mice was reported to impair cell membrane transport processes and cause pelvic junction obstruction, deafness, and peripheral neuropathy. Further studies in human showed that this protein is a ubiquitously expressed protein and that it is involved in the pathogenesis of HFMD (hand, foot, and mouth disease) caused by enterovirus-71 and possibly by coxsackievirus A16. Mutations in this gene caused an autosomal recessive progressive myoclonic epilepsy-4 (EPM4), also known as action myoclonus-renal failure syndrome (AMRF). Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Feb 2011]

SCARB1 Gene

scavenger receptor class B, member 1

The protein encoded by this gene is a plasma membrane receptor for high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL). The encoded protein mediates cholesterol transfer to and from HDL. In addition, this protein is a receptor for hepatitis C virus glycoprotein E2. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Mar 2011]

ATP9B Gene

ATPase, class II, type 9B

LOC100190934 Gene

alcohol dehydrogenase 5 (class III), chi polypeptide pseudogene

POU5F1P6 Gene

POU class 5 homeobox 1 pseudogene 6

POU5F1P7 Gene

POU class 5 homeobox 1 pseudogene 7

POU5F1P5 Gene

POU class 5 homeobox 1 pseudogene 5

HSP90AA4P Gene

heat shock protein 90kDa alpha (cytosolic), class A member 4, pseudogene

ATP11C Gene

ATPase, class VI, type 11C

ATP11B Gene

ATPase, class VI, type 11B

P-type ATPases, such as ATP11B, are phosphorylated in their intermediate state and drive uphill transport of ions across membranes. Several subfamilies of P-type ATPases have been identified. One subfamily transports heavy metal ions, such as Cu(2+) or Cd(2+). Another subfamily transports non-heavy metal ions, such as H(+), Na(+), K(+), or Ca(+). A third subfamily transports amphipaths, such as phosphatidylserine.[supplied by OMIM, Feb 2005]

ATP11A Gene

ATPase, class VI, type 11A

The protein encoded by this gene is an integral membrane ATPase. The encoded protein is probably phosphorylated in its intermediate state and likely drives the transport of ions such as calcium across membranes. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

HSP90AB3P Gene

heat shock protein 90kDa alpha (cytosolic), class B member 3, pseudogene

TUBB3P2 Gene

tubulin, beta 3 class III pseudogene 2

LOC100418617 Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class I, B pseudogene

MR1P1 Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class I-related pseudogene

LOC105374753 Gene

class E vacuolar protein-sorting machinery protein hse1-like

BHLHB9P1 Gene

basic helix-loop-helix domain containing, class B, 9 pseudogene 1

PIGA Gene

phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, class A

This gene encodes a protein required for synthesis of N-acetylglucosaminyl phosphatidylinositol (GlcNAc-PI), the first intermediate in the biosynthetic pathway of GPI anchor. The GPI anchor is a glycolipid found on many blood cells and which serves to anchor proteins to the cell surface. Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria, an acquired hematologic disorder, has been shown to result from mutations in this gene. Alternate splice variants have been characterized. A related pseudogene is located on chromosome 12. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2010]

PIGB Gene

phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, class B

This gene encodes a transmembrane protein that is located in the endoplasmic reticulum and is involved in GPI-anchor biosynthesis. The glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor is a glycolipid found on many blood cells and serves to anchor proteins to the cell surface. This gene is thought to encode a member of a family of dolichol-phosphate-mannose (Dol-P-Man) dependent mannosyltransferases. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PIGC Gene

phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, class C

This gene encodes an endoplasmic reticulum associated protein that is involved in glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) lipid anchor biosynthesis. The GPI lipid anchor is a glycolipid found on many blood cells and serves to anchor proteins to the cell surface. The encoded protein is one subunit of the GPI N-acetylglucosaminyl (GlcNAc) transferase that transfers GlcNAc to phosphatidylinositol (PI) on the cytoplasmic side of the endoplasmic reticulum. Two alternatively spliced transcripts that encode the same protein have been found for this gene. A pseudogene on chromosome 11 has also been characterized. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PIGF Gene

phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, class F

This gene encodes a protein involved in glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchor biosynthesis. The GPI-anchor, a glycolipid containing three mannose molecules in its core backbone, is found on many blood cells where it serves to anchor proteins to the cell surface. The encoded protein and another GPI synthesis protein, PIGO, function in the transfer of ethanolaminephosphate to the third mannose in GPI. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PIGG Gene

phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, class G

PIGH Gene

phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, class H

This gene encodes an endoplasmic reticulum associated protein that is involved in glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchor biosynthesis. The GPI anchor is a glycolipid found on many blood cells and which serves to anchor proteins to the cell surface. The protein encoded by this gene is a subunit of the GPI N-acetylglucosaminyl (GlcNAc) transferase that transfers GlcNAc to phosphatidylinositol (PI) on the cytoplasmic side of the endoplasmic reticulum. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PIGK Gene

phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, class K

This gene encodes a member of the cysteine protease family C13 that is involved in glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchor biosynthesis. The GPI-anchor is a glycolipid found on many blood cells and serves to anchor proteins to the cell surface. This protein is a member of the multisubunit enzyme, GPI transamidase and is thought to be its enzymatic component. GPI transamidase mediates GPI anchoring in the endoplasmic reticulum, by catalyzing the transfer of fully assembled GPI units to proteins. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PIGL Gene

phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, class L

This gene encodes an enzyme that catalyzes the second step of glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) biosynthesis, which is the de-N-acetylation of N-acetylglucosaminylphosphatidylinositol (GlcNAc-PI). Study of a similar rat enzyme suggests that this protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PIGM Gene

phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, class M

This gene encodes a transmembrane protein that is located in the endoplasmic reticulum and is involved in GPI-anchor biosynthesis. The glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchor is a glycolipid which contains three mannose molecules in its core backbone. The GPI-anchor is found on many blood cells and serves to anchor proteins to the cell surface. This gene encodes a mannosyltransferase, GPI-MT-I, that transfers the first mannose to GPI on the lumenal side of the endoplasmic reticulum. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PIGN Gene

phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, class N

This gene encodes a protein that is involved in glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchor biosynthesis. The GPI-anchor is a glycolipid found on many blood cells and serves to anchor proteins to the cell surface. This protein is expressed in the endoplasmic reticulum and transfers phosphoethanolamine (EtNP) to the first mannose of the GPI anchor. Two alternatively spliced variants, which encode an identical isoform, have been reported. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PIGO Gene

phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, class O

This gene encodes a protein that is involved in glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchor biosynthesis. The GPI-anchor is a glycolipid which contains three mannose molecules in its core backbone. The GPI-anchor is found on many blood cells and serves to anchor proteins to the cell surface. This protein is involved in the transfer of ethanolaminephosphate (EtNP) to the third mannose in GPI. At least three alternatively spliced transcripts encoding two distinct isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2011]

PIGQ Gene

phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, class Q

This gene is involved in the first step in glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchor biosynthesis. The GPI-anchor is a glycolipid found on many blood cells and serves to anchor proteins to the cell surface. This gene encodes a N-acetylglucosaminyl transferase component that is part of the complex that catalyzes transfer of N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) from UDP-GlcNAc to phosphatidylinositol (PI). Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2012]

PIGS Gene

phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, class S

This gene encodes a protein that is involved in GPI-anchor biosynthesis. The glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor is a glycolipid found on many blood cells and serves to anchor proteins to the cell surface. This gene encodes an essential component of the multisubunit enzyme, GPI transamidase. GPI transamidase mediates GPI anchoring in the endoplasmic reticulum, by catalyzing the transfer of fully assembled GPI units to proteins. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PIGT Gene

phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, class T

This gene encodes a protein that is involved in glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchor biosynthesis. The GPI-anchor is a glycolipid found on many blood cells and serves to anchor proteins to the cell surface. This protein is an essential component of the multisubunit enzyme, GPI transamidase. GPI transamidase mediates GPI anchoring in the endoplasmic reticulum, by catalyzing the transfer of fully assembled GPI units to proteins. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2012]

PIGU Gene

phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, class U

The protein encoded by this gene shares similarity with Saccharomyces cerevisiae Cdc91, a predicted integral membrane protein that may function in cell division control. The protein encoded by this gene is the fifth subunit of GPI transamidase that attaches GPI-anchors to proteins. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PIGV Gene

phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, class V

This gene encodes a mannosyltransferase enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI). GPI is a complex glycolipid that functions as a membrane anchor for many proteins and plays a role in multiple cellular processes including protein sorting and signal transduction. The encoded protein is localized to the endoplasmic reticulum and transfers the second mannose to the GPI backbone. Mutations in this gene are associated with hyperphosphatasia mental retardation syndrome. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2011]

PIGW Gene

phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, class W

Glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) is a complex glycolipid that anchors many proteins to the cell surface. PIGW acts in the third step of GPI biosynthesis and acylates the inositol ring of phosphatidylinositol (Murakami et al., 2003 [PubMed 14517336]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

PIGX Gene

phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, class X

This gene encodes a type I transmembrane protein in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). The protein is an essential component of glycosylphosphatidylinositol-mannosyltransferase I, which transfers the first of the four mannoses in the GPI-anchor precursors during GPI-anchor biosynthesis. Studies in rat indicate that the protein is translated from a non-AUG translation initiation site. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]

PIGY Gene

phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, class Y

The protein encoded by this gene is part of the GPI-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (GIP-GnT) complex which initiates the biosynthesis of glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI). GPI is synthesized in the endoplasmic reticulum and serves as an anchor for many surface proteins. Proteins containing GPI anchors can have an important role in cell-cell interactions. The transcript for this gene is bicistronic. The downstream open reading frame encodes this GPI-GnT complex protein, while the upstream open reading frame encodes a protein with unknown function, as represented by GeneID:100996939. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2012]

PIGZ Gene

phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, class Z

The glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor is a glycolipid found on many blood cells that serves to anchor proteins to the cell surface. This gene encodes a protein that is localized to the endoplasmic reticulum, and is involved in GPI anchor biosynthesis. As shown for the yeast homolog, which is a member of a family of dolichol-phosphate-mannose (Dol-P-Man)-dependent mannosyltransferases, this protein can also add a side-branching fourth mannose to GPI precursors during the assembly of GPI anchors. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC100420955 Gene

scavenger receptor class B, member 1 pseudogene

SCARA3 Gene

scavenger receptor class A, member 3

This gene encodes a macrophage scavenger receptor-like protein. This protein has been shown to deplete reactive oxygen species, and thus play an important role in protecting cells from oxidative stress. The expression of this gene is induced by oxidative stress. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SCARA5 Gene

scavenger receptor class A, member 5

ATP9A Gene

ATPase, class II, type 9A

TUBB4AP1 Gene

tubulin, beta 4A class IVa pseudogene 1

RAB11FIP3 Gene

RAB11 family interacting protein 3 (class II)

Proteins of the large Rab GTPase family (see RAB1A; MIM 179508) have regulatory roles in the formation, targeting, and fusion of intracellular transport vesicles. RAB11FIP3 is one of many proteins that interact with and regulate Rab GTPases (Hales et al., 2001 [PubMed 11495908]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

RAB11FIP2 Gene

RAB11 family interacting protein 2 (class I)

RAB11FIP1 Gene

RAB11 family interacting protein 1 (class I)

This gene encodes one of the Rab11-family interacting proteins (Rab11-FIPs), which play a role in the Rab-11 mediated recycling of vesicles. The encoded protein may be involved in endocytic sorting, trafficking of proteins including integrin subunits and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), and transport between the recycling endosome and the trans-Golgi network. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. A pseudogene is described on the X chromosome. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2013]

RAB11FIP5 Gene

RAB11 family interacting protein 5 (class I)

RAB11FIP4 Gene

RAB11 family interacting protein 4 (class II)

Proteins of the large Rab GTPase family (see RAB1A; MIM 179508) have regulatory roles in the formation, targeting, and fusion of intracellular transport vesicles. RAB11FIP4 is one of many proteins that interact with and regulate Rab GTPases (Hales et al., 2001 [PubMed 11495908]).[supplied by OMIM, Apr 2008]

HSP90AB1 Gene

heat shock protein 90kDa alpha (cytosolic), class B member 1

This gene encodes a member of the heat shock protein 90 family; these proteins are involved in signal transduction, protein folding and degradation and morphological evolution. This gene encodes the constitutive form of the cytosolic 90 kDa heat-shock protein and is thought to play a role in gastric apoptosis and inflammation. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. Pseudogenes have been identified on multiple chromosomes. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2012]

TUBB2BP1 Gene

tubulin, beta 2B class IIb pseudogene 1

HLA-DRA Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class II, DR alpha

HLA-DRA is one of the HLA class II alpha chain paralogues. This class II molecule is a heterodimer consisting of an alpha and a beta chain, both anchored in the membrane. It plays a central role in the immune system by presenting peptides derived from extracellular proteins. Class II molecules are expressed in antigen presenting cells (APC: B lymphocytes, dendritic cells, macrophages). The alpha chain is approximately 33-35 kDa and its gene contains 5 exons. Exon 1 encodes the leader peptide, exons 2 and 3 encode the two extracellular domains, and exon 4 encodes the transmembrane domain and the cytoplasmic tail. DRA does not have polymorphisms in the peptide binding part and acts as the sole alpha chain for DRB1, DRB3, DRB4 and DRB5. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC100422441 Gene

heat shock protein 90kDa alpha (cytosolic), class B member 1 pseudogene

TUBB2A Gene

tubulin, beta 2A class IIa

TUBB2B Gene

tubulin, beta 2B class IIb

The protein encoded by this gene is a beta isoform of tubulin, which binds GTP and is a major component of microtubules. This gene is highly similar to TUBB2A and TUBB2C. Defects in this gene are a cause of asymmetric polymicrogyria. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2010]

ATP8B5P Gene

ATPase, class I, type 8B, member 5, pseudogene

SORL1 Gene

sortilin-related receptor, L(DLR class) A repeats containing

This gene encodes a mosaic protein that belongs to at least two families: the vacuolar protein sorting 10 (VPS10) domain-containing receptor family, and the low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) family. The encoded protein also contains fibronectin type III repeats and an epidermal growth factor repeat. The encoded protein is translated as a preproprotein and likely plays roles in endocytosis and sorting. There may be an association between expression of this locus and Alzheimer's Disease.[provided by RefSeq, Sep 2010]

HSP90AB6P Gene

heat shock protein 90kDa alpha (cytosolic), class B member 6, pseudogene

PIGFP2 Gene

phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, class F, pseudogene 2

LOC100533936 Gene

major histocompatibility complex, class I, B pseudogene

TUBB8P9 Gene

tubulin, beta 8 class VIII pseudogene 9

TUBB8P4 Gene

tubulin, beta 8 class VIII pseudogene 4

TUBB8P6 Gene

tubulin, beta 8 class VIII pseudogene 6

TUBB8P7 Gene

tubulin, beta 8 class VIII pseudogene 7

TUBB8P1 Gene

tubulin beta 8 class VIII pseudogene 1

TUBB8P3 Gene

tubulin beta 8 class VIII pseudogene 3

POU2F2 Gene

POU class 2 homeobox 2

The protein encoded by this gene is a homeobox-containing transcription factor of the POU domain family. The encoded protein binds the octamer sequence 5'-ATTTGCAT-3', a common transcription factor binding site in immunoglobulin gene promoters. Several transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2011]

POU2F3 Gene

POU class 2 homeobox 3

This gene encodes a member of the POU domain family of transcription factors. POU domain transcription factors bind to a specific octamer DNA motif and regulate cell type-specific differentiation pathways. The encoded protein is primarily expressed in the epidermis, and plays a critical role in keratinocyte proliferation and differentiation. The encoded protein is also a candidate tumor suppressor protein, and aberrant promoter methylation of this gene may play a role in cervical cancer. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2011]

POU2F1 Gene

POU class 2 homeobox 1

The OCT1 transcription factor was among the first identified members of the POU transcription factor family (summarized by Sturm et al., 1993 [PubMed 8314572]). Members of this family contain the POU domain, a 160-amino acid region necessary for DNA binding to the octameric sequence ATGCAAAT.[supplied by OMIM, Jul 2010]

ATP8A2P3 Gene

ATPase, aminophospholipid transporter, class I, type 8A, member 2 pseudogene 3

ATP8A2P1 Gene

ATPase, aminophospholipid transporter, class I, type 8A, member 2 pseudogene 1

HSP90AA1 Gene

heat shock protein 90kDa alpha (cytosolic), class A member 1

The protein encoded by this gene is an inducible molecular chaperone that functions as a homodimer. The encoded protein aids in the proper folding of specific target proteins by use of an ATPase activity that is modulated by co-chaperones. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2012]

HSP90AA6P Gene

heat shock protein 90kDa alpha (cytosolic), class A member 6, pseudogene

BHLHB9 Gene

basic helix-loop-helix domain containing, class B, 9

This gene is a member of a gene family which encodes proteins with a basic helix-loop-helix domain. Other members of this gene family encode proteins which function as transcription factors, either enhancing or inhibiting transcription depending on the activity of other DNA binding proteins. The coding region of this gene is located entirely within the terminal exon. The encoded protein may be involved in the survival of neurons (PMID: 15034937). Multiple alternatively spliced variants, encoding the same protein, have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2011]

TUBBP7 Gene

tubulin, beta class I pseudogene 7

TUBBP6 Gene

tubulin, beta class I pseudogene 6

TUBBP9 Gene

tubulin, beta class I pseudogene 9

TUBB6P1 Gene

tubulin, beta 6 class V pseudogene 1

MAN1C1 Gene

mannosidase, alpha, class 1C, member 1

MAN2C1 Gene

mannosidase, alpha, class 2C, member 1

HSP90AB5P Gene

heat shock protein 90kDa alpha (cytosolic), class B member 5, pseudogene

ITGA3 Gene

integrin, alpha 3 (antigen CD49C, alpha 3 subunit of VLA-3 receptor)

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the family of integrins. Integrins are heterodimeric integral membrane proteins composed of an alpha chain and a beta chain, and function as cell surface adhesion molecules. This gene encodes alpha 3 subunit, which undergoes post-translational cleavage in the extracellular domain to yield disulfide-linked light and heavy chains that join with beta 1 subunit to form an integrin that interacts with many extracellular-matrix proteins. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2008]

ITGA4 Gene

integrin, alpha 4 (antigen CD49D, alpha 4 subunit of VLA-4 receptor)

The product of this gene belongs to the integrin alpha chain family of proteins. Integrins are heterodimeric integral membrane proteins composed of an alpha chain and a beta chain. This gene encodes an alpha 4 chain. Unlike other integrin alpha chains, alpha 4 neither contains an I-domain, nor undergoes disulfide-linked cleavage. Alpha 4 chain associates with either beta 1 chain or beta 7 chain. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GAGE12C Gene

G antigen 12C

SAGE1 Gene

sarcoma antigen 1

This gene belongs to a class of genes that are activated in tumors. These genes are expressed in tumors of different histologic types but not in normal tissues, except for spermatogenic cells and, for some, placenta. The proteins encoded by these genes appear to be strictly tumor specific, and hence may be excellent sources of antigens for cancer immunotherapy. This gene is expressed in sarcomas. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

ITGA2B Gene

integrin, alpha 2b (platelet glycoprotein IIb of IIb/IIIa complex, antigen CD41)

ITGA2B encodes integrin alpha chain 2b. Integrins are heterodimeric integral membrane proteins composed of an alpha chain and a beta chain. Alpha chain 2b undergoes post-translational cleavage to yield disulfide-linked light and heavy chains that join with beta 3 to form a fibronectin receptor expressed in platelets that plays a crucial role in coagulation. Mutations that interfere with this role result in thrombasthenia. In addition to adhesion, integrins are known to participate in cell-surface mediated signalling. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LY6G6C Gene

lymphocyte antigen 6 complex, locus G6C

LY6G6C belongs to a cluster of leukocyte antigen-6 (LY6) genes located in the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class III region on chromosome 6. Members of the LY6 superfamily typically contain 70 to 80 amino acids, including 8 to 10 cysteines. Most LY6 proteins are attached to the cell surface by a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor that is directly involved in signal transduction (Mallya et al., 2002 [PubMed 12079290]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

LY6G6E Gene

lymphocyte antigen 6 complex, locus G6E (pseudogene)

LY6G6E belongs to a cluster of leukocyte antigen-6 (LY6) genes located in the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class III region on chromosome 6. Members of the LY6 superfamily typically contain 70 to 80 amino acids, including 8 to 10 cysteines. Most LY6 proteins are attached to the cell surface by a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor that is directly involved in signal transduction (Mallya et al., 2002 [PubMed 12079290]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

LOC100291666 Gene

serologically defined breast cancer antigen NY-BR-40

CT45A9 Gene

cancer/testis antigen family 45, member A9

CT45A8 Gene

cancer/testis antigen family 45, member A8

CT45A1 Gene

cancer/testis antigen family 45, member A1

CT45A2 Gene

cancer/testis antigen family 45, member A2

This gene represents one of a cluster of several similar genes located on the q arm of chromosome X. The genes in this cluster encode members of the cancer/testis (CT) family of antigens, and are distinct from other CT antigens. These antigens are thought to be novel therapeutic targets for human cancers. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2014]

CT45A5 Gene

cancer/testis antigen family 45, member A5

This gene represents one of a cluster of several similar genes located on the q arm of chromosome X. The genes in this cluster encode members of the cancer/testis (CT) family of antigens, and are distinct from other CT antigens. These antigens are thought to be novel therapeutic targets for human cancers. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2014]

CT45A4 Gene

cancer/testis antigen family 45, member A4

CT45A7 Gene

cancer/testis antigen family 45, member A7

CT45A6 Gene

cancer/testis antigen family 45, member A6

LOC100506634 Gene

hepatocellular carcinoma-associated antigen HCA25a

MAGEH1 Gene

melanoma antigen family H1

This gene belongs to the non-CT (non cancer/testis) subgroup of the melanoma-associated antigen (MAGE) superfamily. The encoded protein is likely associated with apoptosis, cell cycle arrest, growth inhibition or cell differentiation. The protein may be involved in the atRA (all-trans retinoic acid) signaling through the STAT1-alpha (signal transducer and activator of transcription 1-alpha) pathway. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2013]

PCNA Gene

proliferating cell nuclear antigen

The protein encoded by this gene is found in the nucleus and is a cofactor of DNA polymerase delta. The encoded protein acts as a homotrimer and helps increase the processivity of leading strand synthesis during DNA replication. In response to DNA damage, this protein is ubiquitinated and is involved in the RAD6-dependent DNA repair pathway. Two transcript variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene. Pseudogenes of this gene have been described on chromosome 4 and on the X chromosome. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GAGE1 Gene

G antigen 1

This gene belongs to a family of genes that are expressed in a variety of tumors but not in normal tissues, except for the testis. The sequences of the family members are highly related but differ by scattered nucleotide substitutions. The antigenic peptide YRPRPRRY, which is also encoded by several other family members, is recognized by autologous cytolytic T lymphocytes. Nothing is presently known about the function of this protein. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2010]

GAGE3 Gene

G antigen 3

This gene belongs to a family of genes that are expressed in a variety of tumors but not in normal tissues, except for the testis. The sequences of the family members are highly related but differ by scattered nucleotide substitutions. The antigenic peptide YYWPRPRRY, which is also encoded by several other family members, is recognized by autologous cytolytic T lymphocytes. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GAGE5 Gene

G antigen 5

This gene belongs to a family of genes that are expressed in a variety of tumors but not in normal tissues, except for the testis. The sequences of the family members are highly related but differ by scattered nucleotide substitutions. The antigenic peptide YYWPRPRRY, which is also encoded by several other family members, is recognized by autologous cytolytic T lymphocytes. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GAGE4 Gene

G antigen 4

This gene belongs to a family of genes that are expressed in a variety of tumors but not in normal tissues, except for the testis. The sequences of the family members are highly related but differ by scattered nucleotide substitutions. The antigenic peptide YYWPRPRRY, which is also encoded by several other family members, is recognized by autologous cytolytic T lymphocytes. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GAGE6 Gene

G antigen 6

This gene belongs to a family of genes that are expressed in a variety of tumors but not in normal tissues, except for the testis. The sequences of the family members are highly related but differ by scattered nucleotide substitutions. The antigenic peptide YYWPRPRRY, which is also encoded by several other family members, is recognized by autologous cytolytic T lymphocytes. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

MAGEL2 Gene

melanoma antigen family L2

Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is caused by the loss of expression of imprinted genes in chromosome 15q11-q13 region. Affected individuals exhibit neonatal hypotonia, developmental delay, and childhood-onset obesity. Necdin (NDN), a gene involved in the terminal differentiation of neurons, localizes to this region of the genome and has been implicated as one of the genes responsible for the etiology of PWS. This gene is structurally similar to NDN, is also localized to the PWS chromosomal region, and is paternally imprinted, suggesting a possible role for it in PWS. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2010]

LY6G6D Gene

lymphocyte antigen 6 complex, locus G6D

LY6G6D belongs to a cluster of leukocyte antigen-6 (LY6) genes located in the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class III region on chromosome 6. Members of the LY6 superfamily typically contain 70 to 80 amino acids, including 8 to 10 cysteines. Most LY6 proteins are attached to the cell surface by a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor that is directly involved in signal transduction (Mallya et al., 2002 [PubMed 12079290]).[supplied by OMIM, Apr 2009]

LOC650024 Gene

cancer/testis antigen 55 pseudogene

MNDA Gene

myeloid cell nuclear differentiation antigen

The myeloid cell nuclear differentiation antigen (MNDA) is detected only in nuclei of cells of the granulocyte-monocyte lineage. A 200-amino acid region of human MNDA is strikingly similar to a region in the proteins encoded by a family of interferon-inducible mouse genes, designated Ifi-201, Ifi-202, and Ifi-203, that are not regulated in a cell- or tissue-specific fashion. The 1.8-kb MNDA mRNA, which contains an interferon-stimulated response element in the 5-prime untranslated region, was significantly upregulated in human monocytes exposed to interferon alpha. MNDA is located within 2,200 kb of FCER1A, APCS, CRP, and SPTA1. In its pattern of expression and/or regulation, MNDA resembles IFI16, suggesting that these genes participate in blood cell-specific responses to interferons. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PCNAP1 Gene

proliferating cell nuclear antigen pseudogene 1

PCNAP4 Gene

proliferating cell nuclear antigen pseudogene 4

CT45A3 Gene

cancer/testis antigen family 45, member A3

SDCCAG8 Gene

serologically defined colon cancer antigen 8

This gene encodes a centrosome associated protein. This protein may be involved in organizing the centrosome during interphase and mitosis. Mutations in this gene are associated with retinal-renal ciliopathy. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2010]

SDCCAG3 Gene

serologically defined colon cancer antigen 3

NPSA Gene

novel prostate-specific antigen

PAGE5 Gene

P antigen family, member 5 (prostate associated)

This gene is a member of family of proteins that are expressed in a variety of tumors and in some fetal and reproductive tissues. The encoded protein may protect cells from programmed cell death. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been found. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2015]

LY9 Gene

lymphocyte antigen 9

LY9 belongs to the SLAM family of immunomodulatory receptors (see SLAMF1; MIM 603492) and interacts with the adaptor molecule SAP (SH2D1A; MIM 300490) (Graham et al., 2006 [PubMed 16365421]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

S7 Gene

surface antigen (chromosome 7) 2

MAGED4B Gene

melanoma antigen family D4B

This gene is a member of the MAGED gene family. It is expressed only in brain and ovary, and some transcript variants of this gene are specifically expressed in glioma cells. This gene is clustered with other MAGED genes on chromosome Xp11. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2011]

LOC100420250 Gene

melanoma antigen family A4 pseudogene

LOC554223 Gene

histocompatibility antigen-related

ITGB1 Gene

integrin, beta 1 (fibronectin receptor, beta polypeptide, antigen CD29 includes MDF2, MSK12)

Integrins are heterodimeric proteins made up of alpha and beta subunits. At least 18 alpha and 8 beta subunits have been described in mammals. Integrin family members are membrane receptors involved in cell adhesion and recognition in a variety of processes including embryogenesis, hemostasis, tissue repair, immune response and metastatic diffusion of tumor cells. This gene encodes a beta subunit. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants which encode different protein isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

ITGB3 Gene

integrin, beta 3 (platelet glycoprotein IIIa, antigen CD61)

The ITGB3 protein product is the integrin beta chain beta 3. Integrins are integral cell-surface proteins composed of an alpha chain and a beta chain. A given chain may combine with multiple partners resulting in different integrins. Integrin beta 3 is found along with the alpha IIb chain in platelets. Integrins are known to participate in cell adhesion as well as cell-surface mediated signalling. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LY96 Gene

lymphocyte antigen 96

This gene encodes a protein which associates with toll-like receptor 4 on the cell surface and confers responsiveness to lipopolysaccyaride (LPS), thus providing a link between the receptor and LPS signaling. Studies of the mouse ortholog suggest that this gene may be involved in endotoxin neutralization. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2010]

LOC100422623 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1 (biliary glycoprotein) pseudogene

MAGEA7P Gene

melanoma antigen family A7, pseudogene

SSB Gene

Sjogren syndrome antigen B (autoantigen La)

The protein encoded by this gene is involved in diverse aspects of RNA metabolism, including binding and protecting poly(U) termini of nascent RNA polymerase III transcripts from exonuclease digestion, processing 5' and 3' ends of pre-tRNA precursors, acting as an RNA chaperone, and binding viral RNAs associated with hepatitis C virus. Autoantibodies reacting with this protein are found in the sera of patients with Sjogren syndrome and systemic lupus erythematosus. Alternative promoter usage results in two different transcript variants which encode the same protein. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2014]

CT45A11P Gene

cancer/testis antigen family 45, member A11, pseudogene

CT45B1P Gene

cancer/testis antigen family 45, member B1 pseudogene

GAGE13 Gene

G antigen 13

MSK32 Gene

antigen identified by monoclonal antibody K66

MSK38 Gene

antigen identified by monoclonal antibody O5

CT45A10 Gene

cancer/testis antigen family 45, member A10

XM Gene

Xm(a) antigen

GAGE8 Gene

G antigen 8

This gene belongs to a family of genes that are expressed in a variety of tumors but not in normal tissues, except for the testis. The sequences of the family members are highly related but differ by scattered nucleotide substitutions. The antigenic peptide YRPRPRRY, which is also encoded by several other family members, is recognized by autologous cytolytic T lymphocytes. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

D6S207E Gene

Minor histocompatibility antigen HA-2

CAGE1 Gene

cancer antigen 1

MAGEE2 Gene

melanoma antigen family E2

This gene encodes a member of the E subfamily of MAGE (melanoma antigen-encoding gene) gene family. The gene is intronless and the encoded protein has two of the MAGE domains which are characteristic of MAGE family proteins. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2011]

MAGEE1 Gene

melanoma antigen family E1

This gene encodes an alpha-dystrobrevin-associated MAGE (melanoma-associated antigen) protein, which is a member of the MAGE family. The protein contains a nuclear localization signal in the N-terminus, 30 12-amino acid repeats beginning at nt 60 with the consensus sequence ASEGPSTSVLPT, and two MAGE domains in the C-terminus. It may play a signaling role in brain, muscle, and peripheral nerve. This gene is located on X chromosome in a region containing loci linked to mental retardation. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2010]

PAGE4 Gene

P antigen family, member 4 (prostate associated)

This gene is a member of the GAGE family. The GAGE genes are expressed in a variety of tumors and in some fetal and reproductive tissues. This gene is strongly expressed in prostate and prostate cancer. It is also expressed in other male and female reproductive tissues including testis, fallopian tube, uterus, and placenta, as well as in testicular cancer and uterine cancer. The protein encoded by this gene shares sequence similarity with other GAGE/PAGE proteins, and also belongs to a family of CT (cancer-testis) antigens. The protein may play a role in benign and malignant prostate diseases. A related pseudogene is located on chromosome 7. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2013]

PAGE2 Gene

P antigen family, member 2 (prostate associated)

PAGE3 Gene

P antigen family, member 3 (prostate associated)

This gene is a member of family of proteins that are expressed in a variety of tumors and in some fetal and reproductive tissues. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants have been observed. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2015]

PAGE1 Gene

P antigen family, member 1 (prostate associated)

This gene belongs to a family of genes that are expressed in a variety of tumors but not in normal tissues, except for the testis. Unlike the other gene family members, this gene does not encode an antigenic peptide. Nothing is presently known about the function of this protein. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

EEA1 Gene

early endosome antigen 1

LOC101928108 Gene

lymphocyte antigen 6A-2/6E-1-like

CTAGE1 Gene

cutaneous T-cell lymphoma-associated antigen 1

CTAG1A Gene

cancer/testis antigen 1A

CTAG1A is an identical copy of the CTAG1B gene (MIM 300156) (Aradhya et al., 2001 [PubMed 11709543]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

CTAG1B Gene

cancer/testis antigen 1B

The protein encoded by this gene is an antigen that is overexpressed in many cancers but that is also expressed in normal testis. This gene is found in a duplicated region of the X-chromosome and therefore has a neighboring gene of identical sequence. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2012]

LOC392435 Gene

melanoma antigen family B3 pseudogene

LOC392436 Gene

melanoma antigen family B4 pseudogene

CT55 Gene

cancer/testis antigen 55

LOC728307 Gene

melanoma associated antigen (mutated) 1-like 1 pseudogene

GAGE10 Gene

G antigen 10

LOC100420318 Gene

melanoma antigen family A, 12 pseudogene

MAGEA2B Gene

melanoma antigen family A2B

This gene is a member of the MAGEA gene family. The members of this family encode proteins with 50 to 80% sequence identity to each other. The promoters and first exons of the MAGEA genes show considerable variability, suggesting that the existence of this gene family enables the same function to be expressed under different transcriptional controls. The MAGEA genes are clustered at chromosomal location Xq28. They have been implicated in some hereditary disorders, such as dyskeratosis congenita. This gene has two identical copies at different loci. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC100420331 Gene

melanoma antigen family A10 pseudogene

LOC100420334 Gene

melanoma antigen family A11 pseudogene

MAGEF1 Gene

melanoma antigen family F1

This intronless gene encodes a member of the MAGE superfamily. It is ubiquitously expressed in normal tissues and in tumor cells. This gene includes a microsatellite repeat in the coding region. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LAGE3 Gene

L antigen family, member 3

This gene belongs to the ESO/LAGE gene family, members of which are clustered together on chromosome Xq28, and have similar exon-intron structures. Unlike the other family members which are normally expressed only in testis and activated in a wide range of human tumors, this gene is ubiquitously expressed in somatic tissues. The latter, combined with the finding that it is highly conserved in mouse and rat, suggests that the encoded protein is functionally important. An intronless pseudogene with high sequence similarity to this gene is located on chromosome 9. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SPAG11B Gene

sperm associated antigen 11B

This gene encodes several androgen-dependent, epididymis-specific secretory proteins. The specific functions of these proteins have not been determined, but they are thought to be involved in sperm maturation. Some of the isoforms contain regions of similarity to beta-defensins, a family of antimicrobial peptides. The gene is located on chromosome 8p23 near the defensin gene cluster. Alternative splicing of this gene results in seven transcript variants encoding different isoforms. Two different N-terminal and five different C-terminal protein sequences are encoded by the splice variants. Two additional variants have been described, but their full length sequences have not been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SPAG11A Gene

sperm associated antigen 11A

MAGEA11 Gene

melanoma antigen family A11

This gene is a member of the MAGEA gene family. The members of this family encode proteins with 50 to 80% sequence identity to each other. The promoters and first exons of the MAGEA genes show considerable variability, suggesting that the existence of this gene family enables the same function to be expressed under different transcriptional controls. The MAGEA genes are clustered at chromosomal location Xq28. They have been implicated in some hereditary disorders, such as dyskeratosis congenita. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LY75 Gene

lymphocyte antigen 75

CEACAM19 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 19

CEACAM18 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 18

CEACAM16 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 16

The protein encoded by this gene is a secreted glycoprotein that in mouse interacts with tectorial membrane proteins in the inner ear. The encoded adhesion protein is found in cochlear outer hair cells and appears to be important for proper hearing over an extended frequency range. Defects in this gene likely are a cause of non-syndromic autosomal dominant hearing loss. [provided by RefSeq, May 2012]

MAGEB17 Gene

melanoma antigen family B17

LOC100128356 Gene

protein transactivated by hepatitis B virus E antigen

MYSA Gene

myasthenic (Lambert-Eaton) syndrome antigen A

MINA Gene

MYC induced nuclear antigen

MINA is a c-Myc (MYC; MIM 190080) target gene that may play a role in cell proliferation or regulation of cell growth. (Tsuneoka et al., 2002 [PubMed 12091391]; Zhang et al., 2005 [PubMed 15897898]).[supplied by OMIM, May 2008]

SSFA2 Gene

sperm specific antigen 2

XAGE1B Gene

X antigen family, member 1B

This gene is a member of the XAGE subfamily, which belongs to the GAGE family. The GAGE genes are expressed in a variety of tumors and in some fetal and reproductive tissues. This gene is strongly expressed in Ewing's sarcoma, alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma and normal testis. The protein encoded by this gene contains a nuclear localization signal and shares a sequence similarity with other GAGE/PAGE proteins. Because of the expression pattern and the sequence similarity, this protein also belongs to a family of CT (cancer-testis) antigens. Alternative splicing of this gene, in addition to alternative transcription start sites, results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2010]

XAGE1E Gene

X antigen family, member 1E

This gene is a member of the XAGE subfamily, which belongs to the GAGE family. The GAGE genes are expressed in a variety of tumors and in some fetal and reproductive tissues. This gene is strongly expressed in Ewing's sarcoma, alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma and normal testis. The protein encoded by this gene contains a nuclear localization signal and shares a sequence similarity with other GAGE/PAGE proteins. Because of the expression pattern and the sequence similarity, this protein also belongs to a family of CT (cancer-testis) antigens. Alternative splicing of this gene, in addition to alternative transcription start sites, results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2010]

BAGE Gene

B melanoma antigen

This gene encodes a tumor antigen recognized by autologous cytolytic lymphocytes (CTL). [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC389465 Gene

Sjogren syndrome antigen B pseudogene

PRAME Gene

preferentially expressed antigen in melanoma

This gene encodes an antigen that is preferentially expressed in human melanomas and that is recognized by cytolytic T lymphocytes. It is not expressed in normal tissues, except testis. The encoded protein acts as a repressor of retinoic acid receptor, and likely confers a growth advantage to cancer cells via this function. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2014]

MIC12 Gene

antigen identified by monoclonal antibody 30.2A8

SP100 Gene

SP100 nuclear antigen

This gene encodes a subnuclear organelle and major component of the PML (promyelocytic leukemia)-SP100 nuclear bodies. PML and SP100 are covalently modified by the SUMO-1 modifier, which is considered crucial to nuclear body interactions. The encoded protein binds heterochromatin proteins and is thought to play a role in tumorigenesis, immunity, and gene regulation. Alternatively spliced variants have been identified for this gene; one of which encodes a high-mobility group protein. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2011]

PAGE2B Gene

P antigen family, member 2B

MAGEA9B Gene

melanoma antigen family A9B

MAGEA9B is a duplication of the MAGEA9 gene (MIM 300342) on chromosome Xq28. The 2 copies are separated by about 194 kb (Hartz, 2009).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2009]

AMICA1 Gene

adhesion molecule, interacts with CXADR antigen 1

MGEA5 Gene

meningioma expressed antigen 5 (hyaluronidase)

The dynamic modification of cytoplasmic and nuclear proteins by O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) addition and removal on serine and threonine residues is catalyzed by OGT (MIM 300255), which adds O-GlcNAc, and MGEA5, a glycosidase that removes O-GlcNAc modifications (Gao et al., 2001 [PubMed 11148210]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

PTCRA Gene

pre T-cell antigen receptor alpha

The protein encoded by this gene is a single-pass type I membrane protein that is found in immmature but not mature T-cells. Along with TCRB and CD3 complex, the encoded protein forms the pre-T-cell receptor complex, which regulates early T-cell development. Four transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Jul 2011]

FEA Gene

F9 embryonic antigen

LOC100133092 Gene

P antigen family, member 4 (prostate associated) pseudogene

LY6G5C Gene

lymphocyte antigen 6 complex, locus G5C

LY6G5C belongs to a cluster of leukocyte antigen-6 (LY6) genes located in the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class III region on chromosome 6. Members of the LY6 superfamily typically contain 70 to 80 amino acids, including 8 to 10 cysteines. Most LY6 proteins are attached to the cell surface by a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor that is directly involved in signal transduction (Mallya et al., 2002 [PubMed 12079290]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

LY6G5B Gene

lymphocyte antigen 6 complex, locus G5B

LY6G5B belongs to a cluster of leukocyte antigen-6 (LY6) genes located in the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class III region on chromosome 6. Members of the LY6 superfamily typically contain 70 to 80 amino acids, including 8 to 10 cysteines. Most LY6 proteins are attached to the cell surface by a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor that is directly involved in signal transduction (Mallya et al., 2002 [PubMed 12079290]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

MAGEA12 Gene

melanoma antigen family A12

This gene is closely related to several other genes clustered on chromosome X. These genes may be overexpressed in tumors. Multiple alternatively spliced variants encoding the same protein have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2014]

MAGEA10 Gene

melanoma antigen family A10

This gene is a member of the MAGEA gene family. The members of this family encode proteins with 50 to 80% sequence identity to each other. The promoters and first exons of the MAGEA genes show considerable variability, suggesting that the existence of this gene family enables the same function to be expressed under different transcriptional controls. The MAGEA genes are clustered at chromosomal location Xq28. They have been implicated in some hereditary disorders, such as dyskeratosis congenita. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. Read-through transcription also exists between this gene and the downstream melanoma antigen family A, 5 (MAGEA5) gene.[provided by RefSeq, Oct 2011]

STAG3L4 Gene

stromal antigen 3-like 4 (pseudogene)

STAG3L3 Gene

stromal antigen 3-like 3 (pseudogene)

STAG3L2 Gene

stromal antigen 3-like 2 (pseudogene)

STAG3L1 Gene

stromal antigen 3-like 1 (pseudogene)

LOC105373377 Gene

putative paraneoplastic antigen-like protein 6B-like protein LOC649238

THY1 Gene

Thy-1 cell surface antigen

LAG5 Gene

Leukocyte antigen group 5

CEACAM20 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 20

CEACAM21 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 21

MAGEC1 Gene

melanoma antigen family C1

This gene is a member of the melanoma antigen gene (MAGE) family. The proteins of this family are tumor-specific antigens that can be recognized by autologous cytolytic T lymphocytes. This protein contains a large number of unique short repetitive sequences in front of the MAGE-homologous sequence, and therefore is about 800 aa longer than the other MAGE proteins. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

MAGEC3 Gene

melanoma antigen family C3

This gene is a member of the MAGEC gene family. The members of this family are not expressed in normal tissues, except for testis, and are expressed in tumors of various histological types. The MAGEC genes are clustered on chromosome Xq26-q27. Two transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

MAGEC2 Gene

melanoma antigen family C2

This gene is a member of the MAGEC gene family. It is not expressed in normal tissues, except for testis, and is expressed in tumors of various histological types. This gene and the other MAGEC genes are clustered on chromosome Xq26-q27. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]

CT83 Gene

cancer/testis antigen 83

STAG2 Gene

stromal antigen 2

The protein encoded by this gene is a subunit of the cohesin complex, which regulates the separation of sister chromatids during cell division. Targeted inactivation of this gene results in chromatid cohesion defects and aneuploidy, suggesting that genetic disruption of cohesin is a cause of aneuploidy in human cancer. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2013]

STAG1 Gene

stromal antigen 1

This gene is a member of the SCC3 family and is expressed in the nucleus. It encodes a component of cohesin, a multisubunit protein complex that provides sister chromatid cohesion along the length of a chromosome from DNA replication through prophase and prometaphase, after which it is dissociated in preparation for segregation during anaphase. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PCNAP2 Gene

proliferating cell nuclear antigen pseudogene 2

S12 Gene

surface antigen (X-linked) 3

S11 Gene

surface antigen (X-linked) 2

EBAG9P1 Gene

estrogen receptor binding site associated, antigen, 9 pseudogene 1

CTAG2 Gene

cancer/testis antigen 2

This gene encodes an autoimmunogenic tumor antigen that belongs to the ESO/LAGE family of cancer-testis antigens. This protein is expressed in a wide array of cancers including melanoma, breast cancer, bladder cancer and prostate cancer. This protein is also expressed in normal testis tissue. An alternative open reading frame product of this gene has been described in PMID:10399963. This alternate protein, termed CAMEL, is a tumor antigen that is recognized by melanoma-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocytes. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2013]

GAGE7 Gene

G antigen 7

MIC7 Gene

antigen identified by monoclonal antibody 28.3.7

LOC100533669 Gene

melanoma antigen family A10 pseudogene

MUM1 Gene

melanoma associated antigen (mutated) 1

LOC644893 Gene

melanoma antigen family E1 pseudogene

GATS Gene

GATS, stromal antigen 3 opposite strand

FOLH1 Gene

folate hydrolase (prostate-specific membrane antigen) 1

This gene encodes a type II transmembrane glycoprotein belonging to the M28 peptidase family. The protein acts as a glutamate carboxypeptidase on different alternative substrates, including the nutrient folate and the neuropeptide N-acetyl-l-aspartyl-l-glutamate and is expressed in a number of tissues such as prostate, central and peripheral nervous system and kidney. A mutation in this gene may be associated with impaired intestinal absorption of dietary folates, resulting in low blood folate levels and consequent hyperhomocysteinemia. Expression of this protein in the brain may be involved in a number of pathological conditions associated with glutamate excitotoxicity. In the prostate the protein is up-regulated in cancerous cells and is used as an effective diagnostic and prognostic indicator of prostate cancer. This gene likely arose from a duplication event of a nearby chromosomal region. Alternative splicing gives rise to multiple transcript variants encoding several different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2010]

XAGE5 Gene

X antigen family, member 5

This gene is a member of the XAGE subfamily, which belongs to the GAGE family. The GAGE genes are expressed in a variety of tumors and in some fetal and reproductive tissues. The protein encoded by this gene shares a sequence similarity with other GAGE/PAGE proteins. Because of the expression pattern and the sequence similarity, this protein also belongs to a family of CT (cancer-testis) antigens. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

XAGE3 Gene

X antigen family, member 3

This gene is a member of the XAGE subfamily, which belongs to the GAGE family. The GAGE genes are expressed in a variety of tumors and in some fetal and reproductive tissues. This gene is expressed in placenta and fetal liver/spleen, and may function in inhibiting cancer cell growth. The protein encoded by this gene shares a sequence similarity with other GAGE/PAGE proteins. Because of the expression pattern and the sequence similarity, this protein also belongs to a family of CT (cancer-testis) antigens. Alternative splicing of this gene generates 2 transcript variants differing in the 5' UTR. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC100420228 Gene

melanoma antigen family C3 pseudogene

SPAG8 Gene

sperm associated antigen 8

The correlation of anti-sperm antibodies with cases of unexplained infertility implicates a role for these antibodies in blocking fertilization. Improved diagnosis and treatment of immunologic infertility, as well as identification of proteins for targeted contraception, are dependent on the identification and characterization of relevant sperm antigens. The protein encoded by this gene is recognized by sperm agglutinating antibodies from an infertile woman. This protein is localized in germ cells of the testis at all stages of spermatogenesis and is localized to the acrosomal region of mature spermatozoa. This protein interacts with ACT (activator of CREM in testis) and may play a role in CREM (cAMP response element modulator)-ACT-mediated gene transcription during spermatogenesis. This protein may also play a role in spermatogenesis by regulating microtubule formation and cell division. Alternatively spliced variants that encode different protein isoforms have been described but the full-length sequences of only two have been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2012]

SPAG9 Gene

sperm associated antigen 9

This gene encodes a member of the cancer testis antigen gene family. The encoded protein functions as a scaffold protein that structurally organizes mitogen-activated protein kinases and mediates c-Jun-terminal kinase signaling. This protein also binds to kinesin-1 and may be involved in microtubule-based membrane transport. This protein may play a role in tumor growth and development. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2011]

SPAG6 Gene

sperm associated antigen 6

The correlation of anti-sperm antibodies with cases of unexplained infertility implicates a role for these antibodies in blocking fertilization. Improved diagnosis and treatment of immunologic infertility, as well as identification of proteins for targeted contraception, are dependent on the identification and characterization of relevant sperm antigens. The protein expressed by this gene is recognized by anti-sperm antibodies from an infertile man. This protein localizes to the tail of permeabilized human sperm and contains eight contiguous armadillo repeats, a motif known to mediate protein-protein interactions. Studies in mice suggest that this protein is involved in sperm flagellar motility and maintenance of the structural integrity of mature sperm. Several transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2011]

SPAG5 Gene

sperm associated antigen 5

This gene encodes a protein associated with the mitotic spindle apparatus. The encoded protein may be involved in the functional and dynamic regulation of mitotic spindles. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SPAG1 Gene

sperm associated antigen 1

The correlation of anti-sperm antibodies with cases of unexplained infertility implicates a role for these antibodies in blocking fertilization. Improved diagnosis and treatment of immunologic infertility, as well as identification of proteins for targeted contraception, are dependent on the identification and characterization of relevant sperm antigens. The protein expressed by this gene is recognized by anti-sperm agglutinating antibodies from an infertile woman. Furthermore, immunization of female rats with the recombinant human protein reduced fertility. This protein localizes to the plasma membrane of germ cells in the testis and to the post-acrosomal plasma membrane of mature spermatozoa. Recombinant polypeptide binds GTP and exhibits GTPase activity. Thus, this protein may regulate GTP signal transduction pathways involved in spermatogenesis and fertilization. Two transcript variants of this gene encode the same protein. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

STEAP1 Gene

six transmembrane epithelial antigen of the prostate 1

This gene is predominantly expressed in prostate tissue, and is found to be upregulated in multiple cancer cell lines. The gene product is predicted to be a six-transmembrane protein, and was shown to be a cell surface antigen significantly expressed at cell-cell junctions. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC101927262 Gene

melanoma-associated antigen C1-like

LOC392555 Gene

melanoma antigen family C2 pseudogene

NOVA2 Gene

neuro-oncological ventral antigen 2

NOVA1 Gene

neuro-oncological ventral antigen 1

This gene encodes a neuron-specific RNA-binding protein, a member of the Nova family of paraneoplastic disease antigens, that is recognized and inhibited by paraneoplastic antibodies. These antibodies are found in the sera of patients with paraneoplastic opsoclonus-ataxia, breast cancer, and small cell lung cancer. Alternatively spliced transcripts encoding distinct isoforms have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

RHD Gene

Rh blood group, D antigen

The Rh blood group system is the second most clinically significant of the blood groups, second only to ABO. It is also the most polymorphic of the blood groups, with variations due to deletions, gene conversions, and missense mutations. The Rh blood group includes this gene, which encodes the RhD protein, and a second gene that encodes both the RhC and RhE antigens on a single polypeptide. The two genes, and a third unrelated gene, are found in a cluster on chromosome 1. The classification of Rh-positive and Rh-negative individuals is determined by the presence or absence of the highly immunogenic RhD protein on the surface of erythrocytes. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

FASA Gene

fertility associated sperm antigen

LOC100286945 Gene

X antigen family, member 3 pseudogene

LOC727838 Gene

cancer/testis antigen family 47, member A11 pseudogene

MAGED1 Gene

melanoma antigen family D1

This gene is a member of the melanoma antigen gene (MAGE) family. Most of the genes of this family encode tumor specific antigens that are not expressed in normal adult tissues except testis. Although the protein encoded by this gene shares strong homology with members of the MAGE family, it is expressed in almost all normal adult tissues. This gene has been demonstrated to be involved in the p75 neurotrophin receptor mediated programmed cell death pathway. Three transcript variants encoding two different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

MAGED2 Gene

melanoma antigen family D2

This gene is a member of the MAGED gene family. The MAGED genes are clustered on chromosome Xp11. This gene is located in Xp11.2, a hot spot for X-linked mental retardation (XLMR). This gene may also be involved in several types of cancer, including breast cancer and melanoma. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2013]

MAGED4 Gene

melanoma antigen family D4

GAGE12H Gene

G antigen 12H

GAGE12I Gene

G antigen 12I

This gene belongs to a family of genes that are expressed in a variety of tumors but not in normal tissues, except for the testis. The sequences of the family members are highly related but differ by scattered nucleotide substitutions. The antigenic peptide YYWPRPRRY, which is also encoded by several other family members, is recognized by autologous cytolytic T lymphocytes. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GAGE12J Gene

G antigen 12J

GAGE12B Gene

G antigen 12B

GAGE12D Gene

G antigen 12D

GAGE12E Gene

G antigen 12E

GAGE12F Gene

G antigen 12F

GAGE12G Gene

G antigen 12G

STAG3L5P Gene

stromal antigen 3-like 5 pseudogene

SDCCAG3P2 Gene

serologically defined colon cancer antigen 3 pseudogene 2

SDCCAG3P1 Gene

serologically defined colon cancer antigen 3 pseudogene 1

PSCA Gene

prostate stem cell antigen

This gene encodes a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored cell membrane glycoprotein. In addition to being highly expressed in the prostate it is also expressed in the bladder, placenta, colon, kidney, and stomach. This gene is up-regulated in a large proportion of prostate cancers and is also detected in cancers of the bladder and pancreas. This gene includes a polymorphism that results in an upstream start codon in some individuals; this polymorphism is thought to be associated with a risk for certain gastric and bladder cancers. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2010]

ISCW Gene

Immune suppression to streptococcal antigen

LOC101060042 Gene

X antigen family member 3-like

LY6G6F Gene

lymphocyte antigen 6 complex, locus G6F

The human G6f protein is a type I transmembrane protein belonging to the immunoglobin (Ig) superfamily, which is comprised of cell-surface proteins involved in the immune system and cellular recognition (de Vet et al., 2003 [PubMed 12852788]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

MEA1 Gene

male-enhanced antigen 1

CDW12 Gene

CDw12 antigen

STAG3 Gene

stromal antigen 3

The protein encoded by this gene is expressed in the nucleus and is a subunit of the cohesin complex which regulates the cohesion of sister chromatids during cell division. A mutation in this gene is associated with premature ovarian failure. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms. This gene has multiple pseudogenes. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2014]

KAAG1 Gene

kidney associated antigen 1

CT62 Gene

cancer/testis antigen 62

LOC613206 Gene

myeloproliferative disease associated tumor antigen 5

CT47A7 Gene

cancer/testis antigen family 47, member A7

This locus represents a member of the cancer/testis gene family 47. This family, also known as CT47, is comprised of 13 nearly identical loci clustered at Xq24. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2010]

CT47A4 Gene

cancer/testis antigen family 47, member A4

This locus represents a member of the cancer/testis gene family 47. This family, also known as CT47, is comprised of 13 nearly identical loci clustered at Xq24. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2010]

CT47A3 Gene

cancer/testis antigen family 47, member A3

This locus represents a member of the cancer/testis gene family 47. This family, also known as CT47, is comprised of 13 nearly identical loci clustered at Xq24. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2010]

CT47A2 Gene

cancer/testis antigen family 47, member A2

This locus represents a member of the cancer/testis gene family 47. This family, also known as CT47, is comprised of 13 nearly identical loci clustered at Xq24. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2010]

CT47A1 Gene

cancer/testis antigen family 47, member A1

This locus represents a member of the cancer/testis gene family 47. This family, also known as CT47, is comprised of 13 nearly identical loci clustered at Xq24. This locus is the most telomeric of the cluster.[provided by RefSeq, Sep 2010]

CT47A9 Gene

cancer/testis antigen family 47, member A9

This locus represents a member of the cancer/testis gene family 47. This family, also known as CT47, is comprised of 13 nearly identical loci clustered at Xq24. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2010]

CT47A8 Gene

cancer/testis antigen family 47, member A8

This locus represents a member of the cancer/testis gene family 47. This family, also known as CT47, is comprised of 13 nearly identical loci clustered at Xq24. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2010]

LOC100420322 Gene

melanoma antigen family A10 pseudogene

LOC100420324 Gene

melanoma antigen family A10 pseudogene

CDW93 Gene

CDw93 antigen

LOC649201 Gene

paraneoplastic antigen like 6A-like

LOC100421663 Gene

cutaneous T-cell lymphoma-associated antigen 1 pseudogene

SART1 Gene

squamous cell carcinoma antigen recognized by T cells

This gene encodes two proteins, the SART1(800) protein expressed in the nucleus of the majority of proliferating cells, and the SART1(259) protein expressed in the cytosol of epithelial cancers. The SART1(259) protein is translated by the mechanism of -1 frameshifting during posttranscriptional regulation; its full-length sequence is not published yet. The two encoded proteins are thought to be involved in the regulation of proliferation. Both proteins have tumor-rejection antigens. The SART1(259) protein possesses tumor epitopes capable of inducing HLA-A2402-restricted cytotoxic T lymphocytes in cancer patients. This SART1(259) antigen may be useful in specific immunotherapy for cancer patients and may serve as a paradigmatic tool for the diagnosis and treatment of patients with atopy. The SART1(259) protein is found to be essential for the recruitment of the tri-snRNP to the pre-spliceosome in the spliceosome assembly pathway. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC100420321 Gene

melanoma antigen family A11 pseudogene

LOC100420323 Gene

melanoma antigen family B18 pseudogene

LOC100420325 Gene

melanoma antigen family B16 pseudogene

LOC100421746 Gene

P antigen family, member 5 (prostate associated) pseudogene

EBAG9 Gene

estrogen receptor binding site associated, antigen, 9

This gene was identified as an estrogen-responsive gene. Regulation of transcription by estrogen is mediated by estrogen receptor, which binds to the estrogen-responsive element found in the 5'-flanking region of this gene. The encoded protein is a tumor-associated antigen that is expressed at high frequency in a variety of cancers. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. A pseudogene of this gene has been defined on chromosome 10. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2013]

PNMA1 Gene

paraneoplastic Ma antigen 1

This gene encodes a neuron- and testis-specific protein that is also expressed in some paraneoplastic syndromes affecting the nervous system. Some patients with neurologic disorders develop antibodies against the protein encoded by this gene. The identification of the antineuronal antibodies in the sera of these patients has facilitated the diagnosis of paraneoplastic neurological disorders and the early detection of the associated tumors. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2014]

PNMA3 Gene

paraneoplastic Ma antigen 3

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the paraneoplastic antigen MA (PNMA) family, which shares homology with retroviral Gag proteins. The PNMA antigens are highly expressed in the brain and also in a range of tumors associated with serious neurological phenotypes. PMID:16407312 reports the presence of a functional -1 ribosomal frameshift signal (consisting of a heptanucleotide shift motif followed 3' by a pseudoknot structure) in this gene, however, the frame-shifted product has not been characterized. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2013]

PNMA2 Gene

paraneoplastic Ma antigen 2

PNMA5 Gene

paraneoplastic Ma antigen family member 5

This gene encodes a member of the paraneoplastic Ma antigen protein family. These proteins have been implicated in the development of paraneoplastic disorders resulting from an immune response directed against them. Paraneoplastic disorders are the result of an abnormal immune response to a tumor. Multiple alternatively spliced variants, encoding the same protein, have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2011]

TINAGL1 Gene

tubulointerstitial nephritis antigen-like 1

The protein encoded by this gene is similar in sequence to tubulointerstitial nephritis antigen, a secreted glycoprotein that is recognized by antibodies in some types of immune-related tubulointerstitial nephritis. Three transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2011]

BA255A11.4 Gene

melanoma antigen pseudogene

PNMA6A Gene

paraneoplastic Ma antigen family member 6A

PNMA6B Gene

paraneoplastic Ma antigen family member 6B (pseudogene)

CD165 Gene

CD165 antigen

MAGEA9 Gene

melanoma antigen family A9

This gene is a member of the MAGEA gene family. The members of this family encode proteins with 50 to 80% sequence identity to each other. The promoters and first exons of the MAGEA genes show considerable variability, suggesting that the existence of this gene family enables the same function to be expressed under different transcriptional controls. The MAGEA genes are clustered at chromosomal location Xq28. They have been implicated in some hereditary disorders, such as dyskeratosis congenita. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

MAGEA8 Gene

melanoma antigen family A8

This gene is a member of the MAGEA gene family. The members of this family encode proteins with 50 to 80% sequence identity to each other. The promoters and first exons of the MAGEA genes show considerable variability, suggesting that the existence of this gene family enables the same function to be expressed under different transcriptional controls. The MAGEA genes are clustered at chromosomal location Xq28. They have been implicated in some hereditary disorders, such as dyskeratosis congenita. Multiple alternatively spliced variants, encoding the same protein, have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]

MAGEA3 Gene

melanoma antigen family A3

This gene is a member of the MAGEA gene family. The members of this family encode proteins with 50 to 80% sequence identity to each other. The promoters and first exons of the MAGEA genes show considerable variability, suggesting that the existence of this gene family enables the same function to be expressed under different transcriptional controls. The MAGEA genes are clustered at chromosomal location Xq28. They have been implicated in some hereditary disorders, such as dyskeratosis congenita. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

MAGEA2 Gene

melanoma antigen family A2

This gene is a member of the MAGEA gene family. The members of this family encode proteins with 50 to 80% sequence identity to each other. The promoters and first exons of the MAGEA genes show considerable variability, suggesting that the existence of this gene family enables the same function to be expressed under different transcriptional controls. The MAGEA genes are clustered at chromosomal location Xq28. They have been implicated in some hereditary disorders, such as dyskeratosis congenita. This gene has two identical copies at different loci. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same protein have been identified for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

MAGEA1 Gene

melanoma antigen family A1

This gene is a member of the MAGEA gene family. The members of this family encode proteins with 50 to 80% sequence identity to each other. The promoters and first exons of the MAGEA genes show considerable variability, suggesting that the existence of this gene family enables the same function to be expressed under different transcriptional controls. The MAGEA genes are clustered at chromosomal location Xq28. They have been implicated in some hereditary disorders, such as dyskeratosis congenita. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

MAGEA6 Gene

melanoma antigen family A6

This gene is a member of the MAGEA gene family. The members of this family encode proteins with 50 to 80% sequence identity to each other. The promoters and first exons of the MAGEA genes show considerable variability, suggesting that the existence of this gene family enables the same function to be expressed under different transcriptional controls. The MAGEA genes are clustered at chromosomal location Xq28. They have been implicated in some hereditary disorders, such as dyskeratosis congenita. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2013]

MAGEA5 Gene

melanoma antigen family A5

This gene is a member of the MAGEA gene family. The members of this family encode proteins with 50 to 80% sequence identity to each other. The promoters and first exons of the MAGEA genes show considerable variability, suggesting that the existence of this gene family enables the same function to be expressed under different transcriptional controls. The MAGEA genes are clustered at chromosomal location Xq28. They have been implicated in some hereditary disorders, such as dyskeratosis congenita. This MAGEA gene encodes a protein that is C-terminally truncated compared to other family members, and this gene can be alternatively interpreted to be a pseudogene. The protein is represented in this Gene record in accordance with the assumed protein-coding status defined in the literature. Read-through transcription exists between this gene and the upstream melanoma antigen family A, 10 (MAGEA10) gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2011]

MAGEA4 Gene

melanoma antigen family A4

This gene is a member of the MAGEA gene family. The members of this family encode proteins with 50 to 80% sequence identity to each other. The promoters and first exons of the MAGEA genes show considerable variability, suggesting that the existence of this gene family enables the same function to be expressed under different transcriptional controls. The MAGEA genes are clustered at chromosomal location Xq28. They have been implicated in some hereditary disorders, such as dyskeratosis congenita. At least four variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SAGE2P Gene

sarcoma antigen 2, pseudogene

GAGE2D Gene

G antigen 2D

MAGEB18 Gene

melanoma antigen family B18

MAGEB10 Gene

melanoma antigen family B10

This gene encodes a member of the B subfamily of the melanoma associated antigen protein family. The encoded protein is specifically expressed in testis and tumor cells. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2010]

MAGEB16 Gene

melanoma antigen family B16

LOC105373200 Gene

G antigen 2D-like

LOC100421630 Gene

cutaneous T-cell lymphoma-associated antigen 1 pseudogene

FOSL1P1 Gene

FOS-like antigen 1 pseudogene 1

LOC100420249 Gene

melanoma antigen family C, 3 pseudogene

LOC100420245 Gene

melanoma antigen family B3 pseudogene

CT47B1 Gene

cancer/testis antigen family 47, member B1

PNMAL2 Gene

paraneoplastic Ma antigen family-like 2

PNMAL1 Gene

paraneoplastic Ma antigen family-like 1

LY86 Gene

lymphocyte antigen 86

COL4A3 Gene

collagen, type IV, alpha 3 (Goodpasture antigen)

Type IV collagen, the major structural component of basement membranes, is a multimeric protein composed of 3 alpha subunits. These subunits are encoded by 6 different genes, alpha 1 through alpha 6, each of which can form a triple helix structure with 2 other subunits to form type IV collagen. This gene encodes alpha 3. In the Goodpasture syndrome, autoantibodies bind to the collagen molecules in the basement membranes of alveoli and glomeruli. The epitopes that elicit these autoantibodies are localized largely to the non-collagenous C-terminal domain of the protein. A specific kinase phosphorylates amino acids in this same C-terminal region and the expression of this kinase is upregulated during pathogenesis. This gene is also linked to an autosomal recessive form of Alport syndrome. The mutations contributing to this syndrome are also located within the exons that encode this C-terminal region. Like the other members of the type IV collagen gene family, this gene is organized in a head-to-head conformation with another type IV collagen gene so that each gene pair shares a common promoter. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2010]

LOC649238 Gene

putative paraneoplastic antigen-like protein 6B-like

LOC100288590 Gene

cutaneous T-cell lymphoma-associated antigen 1 pseudogene

SPAG16 Gene

sperm associated antigen 16

Cilia and flagella are comprised of a microtubular backbone, the axoneme, which is organized by the basal body and surrounded by plasma membrane. SPAG16 encodes 2 major proteins that associate with the axoneme of sperm tail and the nucleus of postmeiotic germ cells, respectively (Zhang et al., 2007 [PubMed 17699735]).[supplied by OMIM, Jul 2008]

SPAG17 Gene

sperm associated antigen 17

PSMAGEA Gene

melanoma antigen family A4 pseudogene

LOC728470 Gene

cancer/testis antigen 55 pseudogene

CT47A6 Gene

cancer/testis antigen family 47, member A6

This locus represents a member of the cancer/testis gene family 47. This family, also known as CT47, is comprised of 13 nearly identical loci clustered at Xq24. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2010]

CT47A5 Gene

cancer/testis antigen family 47, member A5

MER5 Gene

antigen identified by monoclonal antibody 2D8

GAGE2E Gene

G antigen 2E

GAGE2A Gene

G antigen 2A

GAGE2B Gene

G antigen 2B

GAGE2C Gene

G antigen 2C

This gene belongs to a family of genes that are expressed in a variety of tumors but not in normal tissues, except for the testis. The sequences of the family members are highly related but differ by scattered nucleotide substitutions. The antigenic peptide YRPRPRRY, which is also encoded by several other family members, is recognized by autologous cytolytic T lymphocytes. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

MSK9 Gene

antigen identified by monoclonal antibody K15

CD139 Gene

CD139 antigen

CEACAMP10 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule pseudogene 10

CEACAMP11 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule pseudogene 11

MUM1L1 Gene

melanoma associated antigen (mutated) 1-like 1

This gene encodes a protein which contains a mutated melanoma-associated antigen 1 domain. Proteins which contain mutated antigens are expressed at high levels on certain types of cancers. Multiple alternatively spliced variants, encoding the same protein, have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2011]

LAGE3P1 Gene

L antigen family, member 3 pseudogene 1

MAGEB2 Gene

melanoma antigen family B2

This gene is a member of the MAGEB gene family. The members of this family have their entire coding sequences located in the last exon, and the encoded proteins show 50 to 68% sequence identity to each other. The promoters and first exons of the MAGEB genes show considerable variability, suggesting that the existence of this gene family enables the same function to be expressed under different transcriptional controls. This gene is localized in the DSS (dosage-sensitive sex reversal) critical region. It is expressed in testis and placenta, and in a significant fraction of tumors of various histological types. The MAGEB genes are clustered on chromosome Xp22-p21. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

MAGEB3 Gene

melanoma antigen family B3

This gene is a MAGE-B subfamily member of the MAGE gene family. MAGE family member proteins direct the expression of tumor antigens recognized on a human melanoma by autologous cytolytic T lymphocytes. There are two known clusters of MAGE genes on chromosome X. The members of the MAGE-A subfamily are located in the Xq28 region, while the members of the MAGE-B subfamily are clustered in the Xp21 region. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

MAGEB1 Gene

melanoma antigen family B1

This gene is a member of the MAGEB gene family. The members of this family have their entire coding sequences located in the last exon, and the encoded proteins show 50 to 68% sequence identity to each other. The promoters and first exons of the MAGEB genes show considerable variability, suggesting that the existence of this gene family enables the same function to be expressed under different transcriptional controls. This gene is localized in the DSS (dosage-sensitive sex reversal) critical region, and expressed in testis and in a significant fraction of tumors of various histological types. This gene and other MAGEB members are clustered on chromosome Xp22-p21. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene, however, the full length nature of some variants has not been defined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

MAGEB6 Gene

melanoma antigen family B6

This gene is a member of the MAGEB gene family. The members of this family have their entire coding sequences located in the last exon, and the encoded proteins show 50 to 68% sequence identity to each other. The promoters and first exons of the MAGEB genes show considerable variability, suggesting that the existence of this gene family enables the same function to be expressed under different transcriptional controls. This gene is expressed in testis, and in a significant fraction of tumors of various histological types. The MAGEB genes are clustered on chromosome Xp22-p21. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

MAGEB4 Gene

melanoma antigen family B4

This gene is a member of the MAGEB gene family. The members of this family have their entire coding sequences located in the last exon, and the encoded proteins show 50 to 68% sequence identity to each other. The promoters and first exons of the MAGEB genes show considerable variability, suggesting that the existence of this gene family enables the same function to be expressed under different transcriptional controls. The MAGEB genes are clustered on chromosome Xp22-p21. This gene sequence ends in the first intron of MAGEB1, another family member. This gene is expressed in testis. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

MAGEB5 Gene

melanoma antigen family B5

FOSL1 Gene

FOS-like antigen 1

The Fos gene family consists of 4 members: FOS, FOSB, FOSL1, and FOSL2. These genes encode leucine zipper proteins that can dimerize with proteins of the JUN family, thereby forming the transcription factor complex AP-1. As such, the FOS proteins have been implicated as regulators of cell proliferation, differentiation, and transformation. Several transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2014]

FOSL2 Gene

FOS-like antigen 2

The Fos gene family consists of 4 members: FOS, FOSB, FOSL1, and FOSL2. These genes encode leucine zipper proteins that can dimerize with proteins of the JUN family, thereby forming the transcription factor complex AP-1. As such, the FOS proteins have been implicated as regulators of cell proliferation, differentiation, and transformation. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2014]

CEACAMP8 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule pseudogene 8

CEACAMP9 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule pseudogene 9

CEACAMP2 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule pseudogene 2

CEACAMP3 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule pseudogene 3

CEACAMP1 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule pseudogene 1

CEACAMP6 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule pseudogene 6

CEACAMP7 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule pseudogene 7

CEACAMP4 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule pseudogene 4

CEACAMP5 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule pseudogene 5

PCNAP3 Gene

proliferating cell nuclear antigen pseudogene 3

COL4A3BP Gene

collagen, type IV, alpha 3 (Goodpasture antigen) binding protein

This gene encodes a kinase that specifically phosphorylates the N-terminal region of the non-collagenous domain of the alpha 3 chain of type IV collagen, known as the Goodpasture antigen. Goodpasture disease is the result of an autoimmune response directed at this antigen. One isoform of this protein is also involved in ceramide intracellular transport. Three transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TSTA3 Gene

tissue specific transplantation antigen P35B

Tissue specific transplantation antigen P35B is a NADP(H)-binding protein. It catalyze the two-step epimerase and the reductase reactions in GDP-D-mannose metabolism, converting GDP-4-keto-6-D-deoxymannose to GDP-L-fucose. GDP-L-fucose is the substrate of several fucosyltransferases involved in the expression of many glycoconjugates, including blood group ABH antigens and developmental adhesion antigens. Mutations in this gene may cause leukocyte adhesion deficiency, type II. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CEACAM22P Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 22, pseudogene

LOC653588 Gene

Sjogren syndrome antigen B (autoantigen La) pseudogene

LOC392440 Gene

melanoma antigen family B18 pseudogene

TP250 Gene

T-cell activation antigen p250

LOC100130052 Gene

melanoma antigen family B3 pseudogene

LOC100420230 Gene

melanoma antigen family C3 pseudogene

SART3 Gene

squamous cell carcinoma antigen recognized by T cells 3

The protein encoded by this gene is an RNA-binding nuclear protein that is a tumor-rejection antigen. This antigen possesses tumor epitopes capable of inducing HLA-A24-restricted and tumor-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes in cancer patients and may be useful for specific immunotherapy. This gene product is found to be an important cellular factor for HIV-1 gene expression and viral replication. It also associates transiently with U6 and U4/U6 snRNPs during the recycling phase of the spliceosome cycle. This encoded protein is thought to be involved in the regulation of mRNA splicing. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC440934 Gene

cancer/testis antigen 75

XAGE2 Gene

X antigen family, member 2

This gene is a member of the XAGE subfamily, which belongs to the GAGE family. The GAGE genes are expressed in a variety of tumors and in some fetal and reproductive tissues. This gene is strongly expressed in normal testis, and in Ewing's sarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, a breast cancer and a germ cell tumor. The protein encoded by this gene shares a sequence similarity with other GAGE/PAGE proteins. Because of the expression pattern and the sequence similarity, this protein also belongs to a family of CT (cancer-testis) antigens. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC728317 Gene

melanoma associated antigen (mutated) 1-like 1 pseudogene

LOC100533757 Gene

Sjogren syndrome antigen B (autoantigen La) pseudogene

SPAG7 Gene

sperm associated antigen 7

SPAG4 Gene

sperm associated antigen 4

The mammalian sperm flagellum contains two cytoskeletal structures associated with the axoneme: the outer dense fibers surrounding the axoneme in the midpiece and principal piece and the fibrous sheath surrounding the outer dense fibers in the principal piece of the tail. Defects in these structures are associated with abnormal tail morphology, reduced sperm motility, and infertility. In the rat, the protein encoded by this gene associates with an outer dense fiber protein via a leucine zipper motif and localizes to the microtubules of the manchette and axoneme during sperm tail development. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

MSK10 Gene

antigen identified by monoclonal antibody AJ425

LOC100419702 Gene

necdin, melanoma antigen (MAGE) family member pseudogene

TINAG Gene

tubulointerstitial nephritis antigen

This gene encodes a glycoprotein that is restricted within the kidney to the basement membranes underlying the epithelium of Bowman's capsule and proximal and distal tubules. Autoantibodies against this protein are found in sera of patients with tubulointerstital nephritis, membranous nephropathy and anti-glomerular basement membrane nephritis. Ontogeny studies suggest that the expression of this antigen is developmentally regulated in a precise spatial and temporal pattern throughout nephrogenesis. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2011]

MAGEA13P Gene

melanoma antigen family A13, pseudogene

LOC101927681 Gene

5E5 antigen-like

NDN Gene

necdin, melanoma antigen (MAGE) family member

This intronless gene is located in the Prader-Willi syndrome deletion region. It is an imprinted gene and is expressed exclusively from the paternal allele. Studies in mouse suggest that the protein encoded by this gene may suppress growth in postmitotic neurons. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

BST1 Gene

bone marrow stromal cell antigen 1

Bone marrow stromal cell antigen-1 is a stromal cell line-derived glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored molecule that facilitates pre-B-cell growth. The deduced amino acid sequence exhibits 33% similarity with CD38. BST1 expression is enhanced in bone marrow stromal cell lines derived from patients with rheumatoid arthritis. The polyclonal B-cell abnormalities in rheumatoid arthritis may be, at least in part, attributed to BST1 overexpression in the stromal cell population. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

BST2 Gene

bone marrow stromal cell antigen 2

Bone marrow stromal cells are involved in the growth and development of B-cells. The specific function of the protein encoded by the bone marrow stromal cell antigen 2 is undetermined; however, this protein may play a role in pre-B-cell growth and in rheumatoid arthritis. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LY6E Gene

lymphocyte antigen 6 complex, locus E

LY6D Gene

lymphocyte antigen 6 complex, locus D

LY6K Gene

lymphocyte antigen 6 complex, locus K

LY6H Gene

lymphocyte antigen 6 complex, locus H

SAGE4P Gene

sarcoma antigen 4, pseudogene

SAGE3P Gene

sarcoma antigen 3, pseudogene

CEACAM1 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1 (biliary glycoprotein)

This gene encodes a member of the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) gene family, which belongs to the immunoglobulin superfamily. Two subgroups of the CEA family, the CEA cell adhesion molecules and the pregnancy-specific glycoproteins, are located within a 1.2 Mb cluster on the long arm of chromosome 19. Eleven pseudogenes of the CEA cell adhesion molecule subgroup are also found in the cluster. The encoded protein was originally described in bile ducts of liver as biliary glycoprotein. Subsequently, it was found to be a cell-cell adhesion molecule detected on leukocytes, epithelia, and endothelia. The encoded protein mediates cell adhesion via homophilic as well as heterophilic binding to other proteins of the subgroup. Multiple cellular activities have been attributed to the encoded protein, including roles in the differentiation and arrangement of tissue three-dimensional structure, angiogenesis, apoptosis, tumor suppression, metastasis, and the modulation of innate and adaptive immune responses. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been reported, but the full-length nature of all variants has not been defined. [provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

CEACAM3 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 3

This gene encodes a member of the family of carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecules (CEACAMs), which are used by several bacterial pathogens to bind and invade host cells. The encoded transmembrane protein directs phagocytosis of several bacterial species that is dependent on the small GTPase Rac. It is thought to serve an important role in controlling human-specific pathogens by the innate immune system. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2013]

CEACAM5 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 5

Members of the CEACAM subfamily, including CEACAM5, belong to the CEA gene family. For general information on the CEA gene family, see CEACAM1 (MIM 109770).[supplied by OMIM, Oct 2009]

CEACAM4 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 4

CEACAM7 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 7

CEACAM8 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 8

MAGEB6P1 Gene

melanoma antigen family B6 pseudogene 1

LOC100506955 Gene

cancer/testis antigen 83 pseudogene

LOC105377206 Gene

5E5 antigen-like

BAGE4 Gene

B melanoma antigen family, member 4

BAGE5 Gene

B melanoma antigen family, member 5

BAGE2 Gene

B melanoma antigen family, member 2

BAGE3 Gene

B melanoma antigen family, member 3

ETAA1 Gene

Ewing tumor-associated antigen 1

CT47A12 Gene

cancer/testis antigen family 47, member A12

CT47A11 Gene

cancer/testis antigen family 47, member A11

This locus represents a member of the cancer/testis gene family 47. This family, also known as CT47, is comprised of 13 nearly identical loci clustered at Xq24. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2010]

CT47A10 Gene

cancer/testis antigen family 47, member A10

SELP Gene

selectin P (granule membrane protein 140kDa, antigen CD62)

This gene encodes a 140 kDa protein that is stored in the alpha-granules of platelets and Weibel-Palade bodies of endothelial cells. This protein redistributes to the plasma membrane during platelet activation and degranulation and mediates the interaction of activated endothelial cells or platelets with leukocytes. The membrane protein is a calcium-dependent receptor that binds to sialylated forms of Lewis blood group carbohydrate antigens on neutrophils and monocytes. Alternative splice variants may occur but are not well documented. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CPHL1P Gene

ceruloplasmin and hephaestin-like 1 pseudogene

CDAGS Gene

Craniosynostosis, anal anomalies, and porokeratosis syndrome

CRTAM Gene

cytotoxic and regulatory T cell molecule

The CRTAM gene is upregulated in CD4 (see MIM 186940)-positive and CD8 (see CD8A; MIM 186910)-positive T cells and encodes a type I transmembrane protein with V and C1-like Ig domains (Yeh et al., 2008 [PubMed 18329370]).[supplied by OMIM, Feb 2009]

LOC100420707 Gene

DDB1 and CUL4 associated factor 6 pseudogene

OPA3 Gene

optic atrophy 3 (autosomal recessive, with chorea and spastic paraplegia)

The mouse ortholog of this protein co-purifies with the mitochondrial inner membrane. Mutations in this gene have been shown to result in 3-methylglutaconic aciduria type III and autosomal dominant optic atrophy and cataract. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]

AAGAB Gene

alpha- and gamma-adaptin binding protein

The protein encoded by this gene interacts with the gamma-adaptin and alpha-adaptin subunits of complexes involved in clathrin-coated vesicle trafficking. Mutations in this gene are associated with type I punctate palmoplantar keratoderma. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2012]

PHACTR4 Gene

phosphatase and actin regulator 4

This gene encodes a member of the phosphatase and actin regulator (PHACTR) family. Other PHACTR family members have been shown to inhibit protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) activity, and the homolog of this gene in the mouse has been shown to interact with actin and PP1. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PHACTR1 Gene

phosphatase and actin regulator 1

PHACTR3 Gene

phosphatase and actin regulator 3

This gene encodes a member of the phosphatase and actin regulator protein family. The encoded protein is associated with the nuclear scaffold in proliferating cells, and binds to actin and the catalytic subunit of protein phosphatase-1, suggesting that it functions as a regulatory subunit of protein phosphatase-1. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2013]

PHACTR2 Gene

phosphatase and actin regulator 2

ERGIC2 Gene

ERGIC and golgi 2

ERGIC2, or PTX1, is a ubiquitously expressed nuclear protein that is downregulated in prostate carcinoma (Kwok et al., 2001 [PubMed 11445006]).[supplied by OMIM, Aug 2008]

ERGIC3 Gene

ERGIC and golgi 3

FBXL14 Gene

F-box and leucine-rich repeat protein 14

Members of the F-box protein family, such as FBXL14, are characterized by an approximately 40-amino acid F-box motif. SCF complexes, formed by SKP1 (MIM 601434), cullin (see CUL1; MIM 603134), and F-box proteins, act as protein-ubiquitin ligases. F-box proteins interact with SKP1 through the F box, and they interact with ubiquitination targets through other protein interaction domains (Jin et al., 2004 [PubMed 15520277]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

FBXL19 Gene

F-box and leucine-rich repeat protein 19

This gene encodes a member of the Skp1-Cullin-F-box family of E3 ubiquitin ligases. The encoded protein is reported to bind to the transmembrane receptor interleukin 1 receptor-like 1 and regulate its ubiquitination and degradation. This protein has been linked to the regulation of pulmonary inflammation and psoriasis. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2013]

MZB1 Gene

marginal zone B and B1 cell-specific protein

LOC102724971 Gene

putative V-set and immunoglobulin domain-containing-like protein IGHV4OR15-8

HN1 Gene

hematological and neurological expressed 1

LOC101060086 Gene

cell cycle exit and neuronal differentiation protein 1-like

DLEC1 Gene

deleted in lung and esophageal cancer 1

This gene contains 37 exons, spans approximately 59-kb, and is located in the 3p22-p21.3 chromosomal segment that is commonly deleted in various carcinomas. Several alternatively spliced transcripts have been observed that contain disrupted coding regions and likely encode nonfunctional proteins. Aberrant transcription of this gene may be involved in carcinogenesis of the lung, esophagus, and kidney. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

NACC2 Gene

NACC family member 2, BEN and BTB (POZ) domain containing

NACC1 Gene

nucleus accumbens associated 1, BEN and BTB (POZ) domain containing

This gene encodes a member of the BTB/POZ protein family. BTB/POZ proteins are involved in several cellular processes including proliferation, apoptosis and transcription regulation. The encoded protein is a transcriptional repressor that plays a role in stem cell self-renewal and pluripotency maintenance. The encoded protein also suppresses transcription of the candidate tumor suppressor Gadd45GIP1, and expression of this gene may play a role in the progression of multiple types of cancer. A pseudogene of this gene is located on the short arm of chromosome 9. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2012]

SBSPON Gene

somatomedin B and thrombospondin, type 1 domain containing

WASIR1 Gene

WASH and IL9R antisense RNA 1

WASIR2 Gene

WASH and IL9R antisense RNA 2

ANKFY1 Gene

ankyrin repeat and FYVE domain containing 1

This gene encodes a cytoplasmic protein that contains a coiled-coil structure and a BTB/POZ domain at its N-terminus, ankyrin repeats in the middle portion, and a FYVE-finger motif at its C-terminus. This protein belongs to a subgroup of double zinc finger proteins which may be involved in vesicle or protein transport. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants of this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2012]

OBSCN Gene

obscurin, cytoskeletal calmodulin and titin-interacting RhoGEF

The obscurin gene spans more than 150 kb, contains over 80 exons and encodes a protein of approximately 720 kDa. The encoded protein contains 68 Ig domains, 2 fibronectin domains, 1 calcium/calmodulin-binding domain, 1 RhoGEF domain with an associated PH domain, and 2 serine-threonine kinase domains. This protein belongs to the family of giant sacromeric signaling proteins that includes titin and nebulin, and may have a role in the organization of myofibrils during assembly and may mediate interactions between the sarcoplasmic reticulum and myofibrils. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SORBS1 Gene

sorbin and SH3 domain containing 1

This gene encodes a CBL-associated protein which functions in the signaling and stimulation of insulin. Mutations in this gene may be associated with human disorders of insulin resistance. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2014]

SORBS3 Gene

sorbin and SH3 domain containing 3

This gene encodes an SH3 domain-containing adaptor protein. The presence of SH3 domains play a role in this protein's ability to bind other cytoplasmic molecules and contribute to cystoskeletal organization, cell adhesion and migration, signaling, and gene expression. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2011]

SORBS2 Gene

sorbin and SH3 domain containing 2

Arg and c-Abl represent the mammalian members of the Abelson family of non-receptor protein-tyrosine kinases. They interact with the Arg/Abl binding proteins via the SH3 domains present in the carboxy end of the latter group of proteins. This gene encodes the sorbin and SH3 domain containing 2 protein. It has three C-terminal SH3 domains and an N-terminal sorbin homology (SoHo) domain that interacts with lipid raft proteins. The subcellular localization of this protein in epithelial and cardiac muscle cells suggests that it functions as an adapter protein to assemble signaling complexes in stress fibers, and that it is a potential link between Abl family kinases and the actin cytoskeleton. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

ZSCAN5CP Gene

zinc finger and SCAN domain containing 5C, pseudogene

CEND1 Gene

cell cycle exit and neuronal differentiation 1

The protein encoded by this gene is a neuron-specific protein. The similar protein in pig enhances neuroblastoma cell differentiation in vitro and may be involved in neuronal differentiation in vivo. Multiple pseudogenes have been reported for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

ZBTB7A Gene

zinc finger and BTB domain containing 7A

ZBTB7C Gene

zinc finger and BTB domain containing 7C

ZBTB7B Gene

zinc finger and BTB domain containing 7B

This gene encodes a zinc finger-containing transcription factor that acts as a key regulator of lineage commitment of immature T-cell precursors. It is necessary and sufficient for commitment of CD4 lineage, while its absence causes CD8 commitment. It also functions as a transcriptional repressor of type I collagen genes. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2012]

SMAN1 Gene

survival of motor and autonomic neurons 1

ANKS1B Gene

ankyrin repeat and sterile alpha motif domain containing 1B

This gene encodes a multi-domain protein that is predominantly expressed in brain and testis. This protein interacts with amyloid beta protein precursor (AbetaPP) and may have a role in normal brain development, and in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. Expression of this gene has been shown to be elevated in patients with pre-B cell acute lymphocytic leukemia associated with t(1;19) translocation. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms (some with different subcellular localization, PMID:15004329) have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2011]

ANKS1A Gene

ankyrin repeat and sterile alpha motif domain containing 1A

OPALIN Gene

oligodendrocytic myelin paranodal and inner loop protein

SHANK3 Gene

SH3 and multiple ankyrin repeat domains 3

This gene is a member of the Shank gene family. Shank proteins are multidomain scaffold proteins of the postsynaptic density that connect neurotransmitter receptors, ion channels, and other membrane proteins to the actin cytoskeleton and G-protein-coupled signaling pathways. Shank proteins also play a role in synapse formation and dendritic spine maturation. Mutations in this gene are a cause of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), which is characterized by impairments in social interaction and communication, and restricted behavioral patterns and interests. Mutations in this gene also cause schizophrenia type 15, and are a major causative factor in the neurological symptoms of 22q13.3 deletion syndrome, which is also known as Phelan-McDermid syndrome. Additional isoforms have been described for this gene but they have not yet been experimentally verified. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2012]

SHANK2 Gene

SH3 and multiple ankyrin repeat domains 2

This gene encodes a protein that is a member of the Shank family of synaptic proteins that may function as molecular scaffolds in the postsynaptic density of excitatory synapses. Shank proteins contain multiple domains for protein-protein interaction, including ankyrin repeats, and an SH3 domain. This particular family member contains a PDZ domain, a consensus sequence for cortactin SH3 domain-binding peptides and a sterile alpha motif. The alternative splicing demonstrated in Shank genes has been suggested as a mechanism for regulating the molecular structure of Shank and the spectrum of Shank-interacting proteins in the postsynaptic densities of the adult and developing brain. Alterations in the encoded protein may be associated with susceptibility to autism spectrum disorder. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2014]

SHANK1 Gene

SH3 and multiple ankyrin repeat domains 1

SAMSN1 Gene

SAM domain, SH3 domain and nuclear localization signals 1

SAMSN1 is a member of a novel gene family of putative adaptors and scaffold proteins containing SH3 and SAM (sterile alpha motif) domains (Claudio et al., 2001 [PubMed 11536050]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

LOC100421259 Gene

zinc finger and BTB domain containing 14 pseudogene

SKA1 Gene

spindle and kinetochore associated complex subunit 1

SKA3 Gene

spindle and kinetochore associated complex subunit 3

This gene encodes a component of the spindle and kinetochore-associated protein complex that regulates microtubule attachment to the kinetochores during mitosis. The encoded protein localizes to the outer kinetechore and may be required for normal chromosome segregation and cell division. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]

SKA2 Gene

spindle and kinetochore associated complex subunit 2

HN1L Gene

hematological and neurological expressed 1-like

CDADC1 Gene

cytidine and dCMP deaminase domain containing 1

LOC100420832 Gene

cysteine and glycine-rich protein 2 pseudogene

NUCKS1 Gene

nuclear casein kinase and cyclin-dependent kinase substrate 1

This gene encodes a nuclear protein that is highly conserved in vertebrates. The conserved regions of the protein contain several consensus phosphorylation sites for casein kinase II and cyclin-dependent kinases, two putative nuclear localization signals, and a basic DNA-binding domain. It is phosphorylated in vivo by Cdk1 during mitosis of the cell cycle. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2010]

RIN1 Gene

Ras and Rab interactor 1

RIN3 Gene

Ras and Rab interactor 3

RIN3 is a member of the RIN family of Ras interaction-interference proteins, which are binding partners to the RAB5 small GTPases (see RAB5A; MIM 179512) (Kajiho et al., 2003 [PubMed 12972505]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

RIN2 Gene

Ras and Rab interactor 2

The RAB5 protein is a small GTPase involved in membrane trafficking in the early endocytic pathway. The protein encoded by this gene binds the GTP-bound form of the RAB5 protein preferentially over the GDP-bound form, and functions as a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for RAB5. The encoded protein is found primarily as a tetramer in the cytoplasm and does not bind other members of the RAB family. Mutations in this gene cause macrocephaly alopecia cutis laxa and scoliosis (MACS) syndrome, an elastic tissue disorder, as well as the related connective tissue disorder, RIN2 syndrome. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2011]

LOC340268 Gene

C3 and PZP-like, alpha-2-macroglobulin domain containing 8 pseudogene

LOC102724726 Gene

coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor-like

TMUB1 Gene

transmembrane and ubiquitin-like domain containing 1

TMUB2 Gene

transmembrane and ubiquitin-like domain containing 2

RNGTT Gene

RNA guanylyltransferase and 5'-phosphatase

PDX1 Gene

pancreatic and duodenal homeobox 1

The protein encoded by this gene is a transcriptional activator of several genes, including insulin, somatostatin, glucokinase, islet amyloid polypeptide, and glucose transporter type 2. The encoded nuclear protein is involved in the early development of the pancreas and plays a major role in glucose-dependent regulation of insulin gene expression. Defects in this gene are a cause of pancreatic agenesis, which can lead to early-onset insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), as well as maturity onset diabetes of the young type 4 (MODY4). [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PAQR9 Gene

progestin and adipoQ receptor family member IX

EFCC1 Gene

EF-hand and coiled-coil domain containing 1

SMU1 Gene

smu-1 suppressor of mec-8 and unc-52 homolog (C. elegans)

RFWD2P1 Gene

ring finger and WD repeat domain 2, E3 ubiquitin protein ligase pseudogene 1

ANKDD1A Gene

ankyrin repeat and death domain containing 1A

ANKDD1B Gene

ankyrin repeat and death domain containing 1B

NMI Gene

N-myc (and STAT) interactor

NMYC interactor (NMI) encodes a protein that interacts with NMYC and CMYC (two members of the oncogene Myc family), and other transcription factors containing a Zip, HLH, or HLH-Zip motif. The NMI protein also interacts with all STATs except STAT2 and augments STAT-mediated transcription in response to cytokines IL2 and IFN-gamma. The NMI mRNA has low expression levels in all human fetal and adult tissues tested except brain and has high expression in cancer cell line-myeloid leukemias. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC101060089 Gene

cleavage and polyadenylation specificity factor subunit 5-like

CFAP126 Gene

cilia and flagella associated protein 126

RFFL Gene

ring finger and FYVE-like domain containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase

CPSF3L Gene

cleavage and polyadenylation specific factor 3-like

The Integrator complex contains at least 12 subunits and associates with the C-terminal domain of RNA polymerase II large subunit (POLR2A; MIM 180660) and mediates the 3-prime end processing of small nuclear RNAs U1 (RNU1; MIM 180680) and U2 (RNU2; MIM 180690). INTS11, or CPSF3L, is the catalytic subunit of the Integrator complex (Baillat et al., 2005 [PubMed 16239144]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

CALCOCO1 Gene

calcium binding and coiled-coil domain 1

CALCOCO2 Gene

calcium binding and coiled-coil domain 2

This gene encodes a coiled-coil domain-containing protein. The encoded protein functions as a receptor for ubiquitin-coated bacteria and plays an important role in innate immunity by mediating macroautophagy. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2012]

FSD1L Gene

fibronectin type III and SPRY domain containing 1-like

DDA1 Gene

DET1 and DDB1 associated 1

HAND2 Gene

heart and neural crest derivatives expressed 2

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the basic helix-loop-helix family of transcription factors. This gene product is one of two closely related family members, the HAND proteins, which are asymmetrically expressed in the developing ventricular chambers and play an essential role in cardiac morphogenesis. Working in a complementary fashion, they function in the formation of the right ventricle and aortic arch arteries, implicating them as mediators of congenital heart disease. In addition, this transcription factor plays an important role in limb and branchial arch development. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

FCHSD1 Gene

FCH and double SH3 domains 1

FCHSD2 Gene

FCH and double SH3 domains 2

AMMECR1 Gene

Alport syndrome, mental retardation, midface hypoplasia and elliptocytosis chromosomal region gene 1

The exact function of this gene is not known, however, submicroscopic deletion of the X chromosome including this gene, COL4A5, and FACL4 genes, result in a contiguous gene deletion syndrome, the AMME complex (Alport syndrome, mental retardation, midface hypoplasia, and elliptocytosis). Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2010]

CXADRP3 Gene

coxsackie virus and adenovirus receptor pseudogene 3

TPTE2 Gene

transmembrane phosphoinositide 3-phosphatase and tensin homolog 2

TPIP is a member of a large class of membrane-associated phosphatases with substrate specificity for the 3-position phosphate of inositol phospholipids.[supplied by OMIM, Jul 2002]

TMCC1P1 Gene

transmembrane and coiled-coil domain family 1 pseudogene 1

RLTPR Gene

RGD motif, leucine rich repeats, tropomodulin domain and proline-rich containing

TMTC2 Gene

transmembrane and tetratricopeptide repeat containing 2

DMRT1 Gene

doublesex and mab-3 related transcription factor 1

This gene is found in a cluster with two other members of the gene family, having in common a zinc finger-like DNA-binding motif (DM domain). The DM domain is an ancient, conserved component of the vertebrate sex-determining pathway that is also a key regulator of male development in flies and nematodes. This gene exhibits a gonad-specific and sexually dimorphic expression pattern. Defective testicular development and XY feminization occur when this gene is hemizygous. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

DMRT2 Gene

doublesex and mab-3 related transcription factor 2

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the DMRT gene family, sharing a DM DNA-binding domain with Drosophila 'doublesex' (dsx) and C. elegans mab3, genes involved in sex determination in these organisms. Also, this gene is located in a region of the human genome (chromosome 9p24.3) associated with gonadal dysgenesis and XY sex reversal. Hence this gene is one of the candidates for sex-determining gene(s) on chr 9. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2010]

DMRT3 Gene

doublesex and mab-3 related transcription factor 3

CRADD Gene

CASP2 and RIPK1 domain containing adaptor with death domain

The protein encoded by this gene is a death domain (CARD/DD)-containing protein and has been shown to induce cell apoptosis. Through its CARD domain, this protein interacts with, and thus recruits, caspase 2/ICH1 to the cell death signal transduction complex that includes tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1A), RIPK1/RIP kinase, and numbers of other CARD domain-containing proteins. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

HPPD Gene

Hypertelorism, preauricular sinus, punctal pits, and deafness

AGAP1 Gene

ArfGAP with GTPase domain, ankyrin repeat and PH domain 1

This gene encodes a member of an ADP-ribosylation factor GTPase-activating protein family involved in membrane trafficking and cytoskeleton dynamics. This gene functions as a direct regulator of the adaptor-related protein complex 3 on endosomes. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2011]

AGAP2 Gene

ArfGAP with GTPase domain, ankyrin repeat and PH domain 2

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the centaurin gamma-like family. It mediates anti-apoptotic effects of nerve growth factor by activating nuclear phosphoinositide 3-kinase. It is overexpressed in cancer cells, and promotes cancer cell invasion. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2011]

AGAP3 Gene

ArfGAP with GTPase domain, ankyrin repeat and PH domain 3

AGAP4 Gene

ArfGAP with GTPase domain, ankyrin repeat and PH domain 4

AGAP5 Gene

ArfGAP with GTPase domain, ankyrin repeat and PH domain 5

AGAP6 Gene

ArfGAP with GTPase domain, ankyrin repeat and PH domain 6

AGAP9 Gene

ArfGAP with GTPase domain, ankyrin repeat and PH domain 9

DRAIC Gene

downregulated RNA in cancer, inhibitor of cell invasion and migration

HACE1 Gene

HECT domain and ankyrin repeat containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 1

RUSC2 Gene

RUN and SH3 domain containing 2

This gene encodes a RUN and SH3 domain containing protein that interacts with Rab1b and Rab1-binding protein GM130. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2012]

RUSC1 Gene

RUN and SH3 domain containing 1

LZIC Gene

leucine zipper and CTNNBIP1 domain containing

KBTBD7 Gene

kelch repeat and BTB (POZ) domain containing 7

KBTBD4 Gene

kelch repeat and BTB (POZ) domain containing 4

KBTBD3 Gene

kelch repeat and BTB (POZ) domain containing 3

KBTBD2 Gene

kelch repeat and BTB (POZ) domain containing 2

KBTBD8 Gene

kelch repeat and BTB (POZ) domain containing 8

LOC126860 Gene

ArfGAP with GTPase domain, ankyrin repeat and PH domain 1 pseudogene

TICRR Gene

TOPBP1-interacting checkpoint and replication regulator

Treslin is involved in the initiation of DNA replication (Kumagai et al., 2010 [PubMed 20116089]).[supplied by OMIM, Apr 2010]

BROX Gene

BRO1 domain and CAAX motif containing

ITGB2 Gene

integrin, beta 2 (complement component 3 receptor 3 and 4 subunit)

This gene encodes an integrin beta chain, which combines with multiple different alpha chains to form different integrin heterodimers. Integrins are integral cell-surface proteins that participate in cell adhesion as well as cell-surface mediated signalling. The encoded protein plays an important role in immune response and defects in this gene cause leukocyte adhesion deficiency. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2014]

CFAP69 Gene

cilia and flagella associated protein 69

CFAP61 Gene

cilia and flagella associated protein 61

ZAK Gene

sterile alpha motif and leucine zipper containing kinase AZK

This gene is a member of the MAPKKK family of signal transduction molecules and encodes a protein with an N-terminal kinase catalytic domain, followed by a leucine zipper motif and a sterile-alpha motif (SAM). This magnesium-binding protein forms homodimers and is located in the cytoplasm. The protein mediates gamma radiation signaling leading to cell cycle arrest and activity of this protein plays a role in cell cycle checkpoint regulation in cells. The protein also has pro-apoptotic activity. Alternate transcriptional splice variants, encoding different isoforms, have been characterized. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

VSTM5 Gene

V-set and transmembrane domain containing 5

VSTM4 Gene

V-set and transmembrane domain containing 4

VSTM1 Gene

V-set and transmembrane domain containing 1

GADD45A Gene

growth arrest and DNA-damage-inducible, alpha

This gene is a member of a group of genes whose transcript levels are increased following stressful growth arrest conditions and treatment with DNA-damaging agents. The protein encoded by this gene responds to environmental stresses by mediating activation of the p38/JNK pathway via MTK1/MEKK4 kinase. The DNA damage-induced transcription of this gene is mediated by both p53-dependent and -independent mechanisms. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been found for this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Dec 2010]

GADD45B Gene

growth arrest and DNA-damage-inducible, beta

This gene is a member of a group of genes whose transcript levels are increased following stressful growth arrest conditions and treatment with DNA-damaging agents. The genes in this group respond to environmental stresses by mediating activation of the p38/JNK pathway. This activation is mediated via their proteins binding and activating MTK1/MEKK4 kinase, which is an upstream activator of both p38 and JNK MAPKs. The function of these genes or their protein products is involved in the regulation of growth and apoptosis. These genes are regulated by different mechanisms, but they are often coordinately expressed and can function cooperatively in inhibiting cell growth. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GADD45G Gene

growth arrest and DNA-damage-inducible, gamma

This gene is a member of a group of genes whose transcript levels are increased following stressful growth arrest conditions and treatment with DNA-damaging agents. The protein encoded by this gene responds to environmental stresses by mediating activation of the p38/JNK pathway via MTK1/MEKK4 kinase. The GADD45G is highly expressed in placenta. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

ZBTB45P2 Gene

zinc finger and BTB domain containing 45 pseudogene 2

ZBTB45P1 Gene

zinc finger and BTB domain containing 45 pseudogene 1

HERC1 Gene

HECT and RLD domain containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase family member 1

This gen encodes a member of the HERC protein family. This protein stimulates guanine nucleotide exchange on ARF1 and Rab proteins. This protein may be involved in membrane transport processes. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2012]

HERC3 Gene

HECT and RLD domain containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 3

This gene encodes a member the HERC ubiquitin ligase family. The encoded protein is located in the cytosol and binds ubiquitin via a HECT domain. Mutations in this gene have been associated with colorectal and gastric carcinomas. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2012]

HERC2 Gene

HECT and RLD domain containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 2

This gene belongs to the HERC gene family that encodes a group of unusually large proteins, which contain multiple structural domains. All members have at least 1 copy of an N-terminal region showing homology to the cell cycle regulator RCC1 and a C-terminal HECT (homologous to E6-AP C terminus) domain found in a number of E3 ubiquitin protein ligases. Genetic variations in this gene are associated with skin/hair/eye pigmentation variability. Multiple pseudogenes of this gene are located on chromosomes 15 and 16. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2012]

HERC5 Gene

HECT and RLD domain containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 5

This gene is a member of the HERC family of ubiquitin ligases and encodes a protein with a HECT domain and five RCC1 repeats. Pro-inflammatory cytokines upregulate expression of this gene in endothelial cells. The protein localizes to the cytoplasm and perinuclear region and functions as an interferon-induced E3 protein ligase that mediates ISGylation of protein targets. The gene lies in a cluster of HERC family genes on chromosome 4. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

HERC4 Gene

HECT and RLD domain containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 4

HERC4 belongs to the HERC family of ubiquitin ligases, all of which contain a HECT domain and at least 1 RCC1 (MIM 179710)-like domain (RLD). The 350-amino acid HECT domain is predicted to catalyze the formation of a thioester with ubiquitin before transferring it to a substrate, and the RLD is predicted to act as a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for small G proteins (Hochrainer et al., 2005 [PubMed 15676274]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

HERC6 Gene

HECT and RLD domain containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase family member 6

HERC6 belongs to the HERC family of ubiquitin ligases, all of which contain a HECT domain and at least 1 RCC1 (MIM 179710)-like domain (RLD). The 350-amino acid HECT domain is predicted to catalyze the formation of a thioester with ubiquitin before transferring it to a substrate, and the RLD is predicted to act as a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for small G proteins (Hochrainer et al., 2005 [PubMed 15676274]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

AGGF1P10 Gene

angiogenic factor with G patch and FHA domains 1 pseudogene 10

FANK1 Gene

fibronectin type III and ankyrin repeat domains 1

ANKMY1 Gene

ankyrin repeat and MYND domain containing 1

ANKMY2 Gene

ankyrin repeat and MYND domain containing 2

LOC101060637 Gene

nuclear ubiquitous casein and cyclin-dependent kinase substrate 1-like

AARD Gene

alanine and arginine rich domain containing protein

LOC100422352 Gene

transmembrane and tetratricopeptide repeat containing 1 pseudogene

RSF1 Gene

remodeling and spacing factor 1

This gene encodes a nuclear protein that interacts with hepatitis B virus X protein (HBX) and facilitates transcription of hepatitis B virus genes by the HBX transcription activator, suggesting a role for this interaction in the virus life cycle. This protein also interacts with SNF2H protein to form the RSF chromatin-remodeling complex, where the SNF2H subunit functions as the nucleosome-dependent ATPase, and this protein as the histone chaperone. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2011]

LOC100130044 Gene

cilia and flagella associated protein 69 pseudogene

CFAP47 Gene

cilia and flagella associated protein 47

While this gene is well-supported by transcript data, no functional information on its protein product is currently available. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2009]

CFAP44 Gene

cilia and flagella associated protein 44

FBXL20 Gene

F-box and leucine-rich repeat protein 20

Members of the F-box protein family, such as FBXL20, are characterized by an approximately 40-amino acid F-box motif. SCF complexes, formed by SKP1 (MIM 601434), cullin (see CUL1; MIM 603134), and F-box proteins, act as protein-ubiquitin ligases. F-box proteins interact with SKP1 through the F box, and they interact with ubiquitination targets through other protein interaction domains (Jin et al., 2004 [PubMed 15520277]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

FBXL21 Gene

F-box and leucine-rich repeat protein 21 (gene/pseudogene)

This gene encodes a member of the F-box protein family which is characterized by an approximately 40 amino acid motif, the F-box. The F-box proteins constitute one of the four subunits of ubiquitin protein ligase complex called SCFs (SKP1-cullin-F-box), which function in phosphorylation-dependent ubiquitination. The F-box proteins are divided into 3 classes: Fbws containing WD-40 domains, Fbls containing leucine-rich repeats, and Fbxs containing either different protein-protein interaction modules or no recognizable motifs. The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the Fbls class and, in addition to an F-box, contains 6 tandem leucine-rich repeats. The amino acid sequence of this protein is highly similar to that of f-box and leucine-rich repeat protein 3A. Comparisons of this gene to orthologous sequences suggest that it may be a pseudogene, and may no longer express a functional protein.[provided by RefSeq, Aug 2009]

FBXL22 Gene

F-box and leucine-rich repeat protein 22

This gene encodes a member of the F-box protein family. This F-box protein interacts with S-phase kinase-associated protein 1A and cullin in order to form SCF complexes which function as ubiquitin ligases.[provided by RefSeq, Sep 2010]

LOC100419763 Gene

zinc finger with KRAB and SCAN domains 8 pseudogene

CXADR Gene

coxsackie virus and adenovirus receptor

The protein encoded by this gene is a type I membrane receptor for group B coxsackieviruses and subgroup C adenoviruses. Several transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. Pseudogenes of this gene are found on chromosomes 15, 18, and 21. [provided by RefSeq, May 2011]

MNDEC Gene

Microtia with nasolacrimal duct imperforation and eye coloboma

INF2 Gene

inverted formin, FH2 and WH2 domain containing

This gene represents a member of the formin family of proteins. It is considered a diaphanous formin due to the presence of a diaphanous inhibitory domain located at the N-terminus of the encoded protein. Studies of a similar mouse protein indicate that the protein encoded by this locus may function in polymerization and depolymerization of actin filaments. Mutations at this locus have been associated with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis 5.[provided by RefSeq, Aug 2010]

PATE4 Gene

prostate and testis expressed 4

PHLPP1 Gene

PH domain and leucine rich repeat protein phosphatase 1

This gene encodes a member of the serine/threonine phosphatase family. The encoded protein promotes apoptosis by dephosphorylating and inactivating the serine/threonine kinase Akt, and functions as a tumor suppressor in multiple types of cancer. Increased expression of this gene may also play a role in obesity and type 2 diabetes by interfering with Akt-mediated insulin signaling. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2011]

DIS3 Gene

DIS3 exosome endoribonuclease and 3'-5' exoribonuclease

ANKS4B Gene

ankyrin repeat and sterile alpha motif domain containing 4B

SKA2P1 Gene

spindle and kinetochore associated complex subunit 2 pseudogene 1

IGSF6-DREV1 Gene

region containing immunoglobulin superfamily, member 6 and DREV1

SNED1 Gene

sushi, nidogen and EGF-like domains 1

MLSM7 Gene

Myelodysplasia and leukemia syndrome with monosomy 7

TCEANC2 Gene

transcription elongation factor A (SII) N-terminal and central domain containing 2

GPKOW Gene

G patch domain and KOW motifs

This gene encodes a putative RNA-binding protein containing G-patch and KOW (Kyprides, Ouzounis, Woese) domains. The encoded protein interacts directly with protein kinase A and protein kinase X and is also found associated with the spliceosome. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2013]

CUZD1 Gene

CUB and zona pellucida-like domains 1

LOC100288437 Gene

ring finger and WD repeat domain 2, E3 ubiquitin protein ligase pseudogene

CCL18 Gene

chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 18 (pulmonary and activation-regulated)

This antimicrobial gene is one of several Cys-Cys (CC) cytokine genes clustered on the q arm of chromosome 17. Cytokines are a family of secreted proteins involved in immunoregulatory and inflammatory processes. The CC cytokines are proteins characterized by two adjacent cysteines. The cytokine encoded by this gene displays chemotactic activity for naive T cells, CD4+ and CD8+ T cells and nonactivated lymphocytes, but not for monocytes or granulocytes. This chemokine attracts naive T lymphocytes toward dendritic cells and activated macrophages in lymph nodes. It may play a role in both humoral and cell-mediated immunity responses. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2014]

STAT5B Gene

signal transducer and activator of transcription 5B

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the STAT family of transcription factors. In response to cytokines and growth factors, STAT family members are phosphorylated by the receptor associated kinases, and then form homo- or heterodimers that translocate to the cell nucleus where they act as transcription activators. This protein mediates the signal transduction triggered by various cell ligands, such as IL2, IL4, CSF1, and different growth hormones. It has been shown to be involved in diverse biological processes, such as TCR signaling, apoptosis, adult mammary gland development, and sexual dimorphism of liver gene expression. This gene was found to fuse to retinoic acid receptor-alpha (RARA) gene in a small subset of acute promyelocytic leukemias (APLL). The dysregulation of the signaling pathways mediated by this protein may be the cause of the APLL. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

STAT5A Gene

signal transducer and activator of transcription 5A

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the STAT family of transcription factors. In response to cytokines and growth factors, STAT family members are phosphorylated by the receptor associated kinases, and then form homo- or heterodimers that translocate to the cell nucleus where they act as transcription activators. This protein is activated by, and mediates the responses of many cell ligands, such as IL2, IL3, IL7 GM-CSF, erythropoietin, thrombopoietin, and different growth hormones. Activation of this protein in myeloma and lymphoma associated with a TEL/JAK2 gene fusion is independent of cell stimulus and has been shown to be essential for tumorigenesis. The mouse counterpart of this gene is found to induce the expression of BCL2L1/BCL-X(L), which suggests the antiapoptotic function of this gene in cells. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2013]

RASGRP2 Gene

RAS guanyl releasing protein 2 (calcium and DAG-regulated)

The protein encoded by this gene is a brain-enriched nucleotide exchanged factor that contains an N-terminal GEF domain, 2 tandem repeats of EF-hand calcium-binding motifs, and a C-terminal diacylglycerol/phorbol ester-binding domain. This protein can activate small GTPases, including RAS and RAP1/RAS3. The nucleotide exchange activity of this protein can be stimulated by calcium and diacylglycerol. Three alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

RASGRP3 Gene

RAS guanyl releasing protein 3 (calcium and DAG-regulated)

Members of the RAS (see HRAS; MIM 190020) subfamily of GTPases function in signal transduction as GTP/GDP-regulated switches that cycle between inactive GDP- and active GTP-bound states. Guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs), such as RASGRP3, serve as RAS activators by promoting acquisition of GTP to maintain the active GTP-bound state and are the key link between cell surface receptors and RAS activation (Rebhun et al., 2000 [PubMed 10934204]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

RASGRP1 Gene

RAS guanyl releasing protein 1 (calcium and DAG-regulated)

This gene is a member of a family of genes characterized by the presence of a Ras superfamily guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) domain. It functions as a diacylglycerol (DAG)-regulated nucleotide exchange factor specifically activating Ras through the exchange of bound GDP for GTP. It activates the Erk/MAP kinase cascade and regulates T-cells and B-cells development, homeostasis and differentiation. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified. Altered expression of the different isoforms of this protein may be a cause of susceptibility to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC100421197 Gene

zinc finger and BTB domain containing 10 pseudogene

LOC102723312 Gene

angiogenic factor with G patch and FHA domains 1 pseudogene

ANKFN1 Gene

ankyrin-repeat and fibronectin type III domain containing 1

POROK2 Gene

Porokeratosis, palmar, plantar, and disseminated 1

LIMCH1 Gene

LIM and calponin homology domains 1

BAHCC1 Gene

BAH domain and coiled-coil containing 1

WWC2 Gene

WW and C2 domain containing 2

MIEN1 Gene

migration and invasion enhancer 1

LOC100862682 Gene

nucleus accumbens associated 1, BEN and BTB (POZ) domain containing pseudogene

TMEFF1 Gene

transmembrane protein with EGF-like and two follistatin-like domains 1

TMEFF2 Gene

transmembrane protein with EGF-like and two follistatin-like domains 2

This gene encodes a member of the tomoregulin family of transmembrane proteins. This protein has been shown to function as both an oncogene and a tumor suppressor depending on the cellular context and may regulate prostate cancer cell invasion. Multiple soluble forms of this protein have been identified that arise from both an alternative splice variant and ectodomain shedding. Additionally, this gene has been found to be hypermethylated in multiple cancer types. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2015]

PROSER1 Gene

proline and serine rich 1

This gene encodes a conserved protein containing proline and serine rich regions. These regions may be important in protein-protein interactions. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2012]

PROSER2 Gene

proline and serine rich 2

PROSER3 Gene

proline and serine rich 3

SARM1 Gene

sterile alpha and TIR motif containing 1

CVMRF Gene

cubitus valgus with mental retardation and unusual facies

PRIMPOL Gene

primase and polymerase (DNA-directed)

EGFEM1P Gene

EGF-like and EMI domain containing 1, pseudogene

LOC100419574 Gene

HECT and RLD domain containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 2 pseudogene

SIGIRR Gene

single immunoglobulin and toll-interleukin 1 receptor (TIR) domain

ELMSAN1 Gene

ELM2 and Myb/SANT-like domain containing 1

AGGF1 Gene

angiogenic factor with G patch and FHA domains 1

This gene encodes an angiogenic factor that promotes proliferation of endothelial cells. Mutations in this gene are associated with a susceptibility to Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome. Pseudogenes of this gene are found on chromosomes 3, 4, 10 and 16.[provided by RefSeq, Sep 2010]

SLC47A2 Gene

solute carrier family 47 (multidrug and toxin extrusion), member 2

This gene encodes a protein belonging to a family of transporters involved in excretion of toxic electrolytes, both endogenous and exogenous, through urine and bile. This transporter family shares homology with the bacterial MATE (multidrug and toxin extrusion) protein family responsible for drug resistance. This gene is one of two members of the MATE transporter family located near each other on chromosome 17. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SLC47A1 Gene

solute carrier family 47 (multidrug and toxin extrusion), member 1

This gene is located within the Smith-Magenis syndrome region on chromosome 17. It encodes a protein of unknown function. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC100130466 Gene

nuclear ubiquitous casein and cyclin-dependent kinase substrate 1-like

ABTB1 Gene

ankyrin repeat and BTB (POZ) domain containing 1

This gene encodes a protein with an ankyrin repeat region and two BTB/POZ domains, which are thought to be involved in protein-protein interactions. Expression of this gene is activated by the phosphatase and tensin homolog, a tumor suppressor. Alternate splicing results in three transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2010]

ABTB2 Gene

ankyrin repeat and BTB (POZ) domain containing 2

DCAF7 Gene

DDB1 and CUL4 associated factor 7

This gene encodes a protein with multiple WD40 repeats which facilitate protein-protein interactions and thereby enable the assembly of multiprotein complexes. This protein has been shown to function as a scaffold protein for protein complexes involved in kinase signaling. This highly conserved gene is present in eukaryotic plants, fungi, and animals. The ortholog of this gene was first identified in plants as a key regulator of anthocyanin biosynthesis and flower pigmentation. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2014]

DCAF6 Gene

DDB1 and CUL4 associated factor 6

DCAF5 Gene

DDB1 and CUL4 associated factor 5

DCAF4 Gene

DDB1 and CUL4 associated factor 4

This gene encodes a WD repeat-containing protein that interacts with the Cul4-Ddb1 E3 ligase macromolecular complex. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2009]

DCAF8 Gene

DDB1 and CUL4 associated factor 8

This gene encodes a WD repeat-containing protein that interacts with the Cul4-Ddb1 E3 ligase macromolecular complex. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2009]

RBCK1 Gene

RanBP-type and C3HC4-type zinc finger containing 1

The protein encoded by this gene is similar to mouse UIP28/UbcM4 interacting protein. Alternative splicing has been observed at this locus, resulting in distinct isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC101930027 Gene

FERM and PDZ domain-containing protein 2-like

PAXBP1 Gene

PAX3 and PAX7 binding protein 1

This gene encodes a protein that may bind to GC-rich DNA sequences, which suggests its involvement in the regulation of transcription. Alternative splicing of this gene results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2009]