Name

Hub Proteins Protein-Protein Interactions Dataset

From Hub Proteins

sets of proteins interacting with hub proteins

NURSA Protein-Protein Interactions Dataset

From Nuclear Receptor Signaling Atlas

protein-protein interactions inferred from membership in complexes

Pathway Commons Protein-Protein Interactions Dataset

From Pathway Commons

protein-protein interactions from low-throughput or high-throughput studies aggregated by Pathway Commons from the following databases: Reactome, NCI Pathways, PhosphoSite, HumanCyc, HPRD, PANTHER, DIP, BioGRID, IntAct, BIND, Transfac, MiRTarBase, Drugbank, Recon X, Comparative Toxicogenomics Database, and KEGG

Virus MINT Protein-Viral Protein Interactions Dataset

From Virus MINT

interactions between viral and human proteins manually curated from literature

COMPARTMENTS Curated Protein Localization Evidence Scores Dataset

From COMPARTMENTS

protein subcellular localization evidence scores by manual literature curation

COMPARTMENTS Experimental Protein Localization Evidence Scores Dataset

From COMPARTMENTS

protein subcellular localization evidence scores by integrating experimental data

COMPARTMENTS Text-mining Protein Localization Evidence Scores Dataset

From COMPARTMENTS

gene-cellular compartment co-occurrence scores from text-mining biomedical abstracts

CORUM Protein Complexes Dataset

From CORUM

proteins participating in complexes by manual literature curation

Guide to Pharmacology Protein Ligands of Receptors Dataset

From Guide to Pharmacology

ligand-receptor interactions curated by experts

HPA Tissue Protein Expression Profiles Dataset

From Human Protein Atlas

semiquantitative protein expression profiles for tissues

HPM Cell Type and Tissue Protein Expression Profiles Dataset

From Human Proteome Map

protein expression profiles for tissues and cell types

InterPro Predicted Protein Domain Annotations Dataset

From InterPro

protein domains predicted for gene products based on sequence similarity to known domain signatures

LOCATE Curated Protein Localization Annotations Dataset

From LOCATE

subcellular localization of proteins from low-throughput or high-throughput protein localization assays

NURSA Protein Complexes Dataset

From Nuclear Receptor Signaling Atlas

proteins identified in complexes isolated from cultured cells

ProteomicsDB Cell Type and Tissue Protein Expression Profiles Dataset

From Proteomics Database

protein expression profiles for tissues and cell types reprocessed from many proteomics datasets

SILAC Phosphoproteomics Signatures of Differentially Phosphorylated Proteins for Protein Ligands Dataset

From SILAC Phosphoproteomics

phosphorylation levels of proteins in cell lines following ligand treatment

TISSUES Curated Tissue Protein Expression Evidence Scores Dataset

From TISSUES

protein tissue expression evidence scores by manual literature curation

TISSUES Experimental Tissue Protein Expression Evidence Scores Dataset

From TISSUES

protein tissue expression evidence scores by integrating experimental data

TISSUES Text-mining Tissue Protein Expression Evidence Scores Dataset

From TISSUES

gene-tissue co-occurrence scores from text-mining biomedical abstracts

Virus MINT Protein-Virus Interactions Dataset

From Virus MINT

interactions between viruses and human proteins manually curated from literature

LOCATE Predicted Protein Localization Annotations Dataset

From LOCATE

subcellular localization of proteins by sequence similarity to localization sequences

HPA Cell Line Gene Expression Profiles Dataset

From Human Protein Atlas

mRNA expression profiles for cell lines

HPA Tissue Gene Expression Profiles Dataset

From Human Protein Atlas

mRNA expression profiles for tissues

HPA Tissue Sample Gene Expression Profiles Dataset

From Human Protein Atlas

mRNA expression profiles for tissue samples

TMEM129 Gene

transmembrane protein 129, E3 ubiquitin protein ligase

LOC391600 Gene

transmembrane epididymal protein 1 pseudogene

TMEM200B Gene

transmembrane protein 200B

TMEM160 Gene

transmembrane protein 160

TMEM163 Gene

transmembrane protein 163

TMEM165 Gene

transmembrane protein 165

This gene encodes a predicted transmembrane protein with a perinuclear Golgi-like distribution in fibroblasts. Mutations in this gene are associated with the autosomal recessive disorder congenital disorder of glycosylation, type IIk. Knockdown of this gene's expression causes decreased sialylation in HEK cells and suggests this gene plays a role in terminal Golgi glycosylation. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2012]

TMEM164 Gene

transmembrane protein 164

TMEM168 Gene

transmembrane protein 168

TMEM255B Gene

transmembrane protein 255B

TMEM255A Gene

transmembrane protein 255A

TMEM167AP1 Gene

transmembrane protein 167A pseudogene 1

LOC100313942 Gene

transmembrane protein 92 pseudogene

LOC440181 Gene

transmembrane protein 98 pseudogene

GHITM Gene

growth hormone inducible transmembrane protein

LOC391020 Gene

interferon induced transmembrane protein 3 pseudogene

LOC100419882 Gene

transmembrane protein 98 pseudogene

FAM205CP Gene

transmembrane protein C9orf144B pseudogene

TMEM258 Gene

transmembrane protein 258

TMEM257 Gene

transmembrane protein 257

This intronless gene is expressed in the hippocampus and maps close to a candidate region for several X-linked mental retardation (XLMR) syndromes. It is conserved in primates, cow, and horse, but not found in mouse and rat. The exact function of this gene is not known, but on the basis of its physical location and expression pattern, it is proposed to have an important function in the brain. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2010]

TMEM256 Gene

transmembrane protein 256

TMEM254 Gene

transmembrane protein 254

TMEM253 Gene

transmembrane protein 253

TMEM252 Gene

transmembrane protein 252

TMEM251 Gene

transmembrane protein 251

FLRT1 Gene

fibronectin leucine rich transmembrane protein 1

This gene encodes a member of the fibronectin leucine rich transmembrane protein (FLRT) family. The family members may function in cell adhesion and/or receptor signalling. Their protein structures resemble small leucine-rich proteoglycans found in the extracellular matrix. The encoded protein shares sequence similarity with two other family members, FLRT2 and FLRT3. This gene is expressed in kidney and brain. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

FLRT3 Gene

fibronectin leucine rich transmembrane protein 3

This gene encodes a member of the fibronectin leucine rich transmembrane protein (FLRT) family. FLRTs may function in cell adhesion and/or receptor signalling. Their protein structures resemble small leucine-rich proteoglycans found in the extracellular matrix. This gene is expressed in many tissues. Two alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same protein have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2010]

FLRT2 Gene

fibronectin leucine rich transmembrane protein 2

This gene encodes a member of the fibronectin leucine rich transmembrane protein (FLRT) family. FLRT family members may function in cell adhesion and/or receptor signalling. Their protein structures resemble small leucine-rich proteoglycans found in the extracellular matrix. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

IFITM8P Gene

interferon induced transmembrane protein 8 pseudogene

TMPPE Gene

transmembrane protein with metallophosphoesterase domain

LOC100419975 Gene

transmembrane protein 192 pseudogene

TMEM247 Gene

transmembrane protein 247

TMEM241 Gene

transmembrane protein 241

TMEM242 Gene

transmembrane protein 242

TMEM185B Gene

transmembrane protein 185B

TMEM185A Gene

transmembrane protein 185A

The protein encoded by this gene is predicted to be a transmembrane protein. This gene is best known for localizing to the CpG island of the fragile site FRAXF. The 5' untranslated region of this gene contains a CGG trinucleotide repeat sequence that normally consists of 7-40 tandem CGG repeats but which can expand to greater than 300 repeats. Methylation of the CpG island leads to transcriptional silencing of this gene, but neither the silencing nor an expanded repeat region appear to manifest itself in a clear phenotypic manner. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. A pseudogene of this gene has been defined on the X chromosome. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2013]

OSTM1 Gene

osteopetrosis associated transmembrane protein 1

This gene encodes a protein that may be involved in the degradation of G proteins via the ubiquitin-dependent proteasome pathway. The encoded protein binds to members of subfamily A of the regulator of the G-protein signaling (RGS) family through an N-terminal leucine-rich region. This protein also has a central RING finger-like domain and E3 ubiquitin ligase activity. This protein is highly conserved from flies to humans. Defects in this gene may cause the autosomal recessive, infantile malignant form of osteopetrosis. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TMEM37 Gene

transmembrane protein 37

TMEM31 Gene

transmembrane protein 31

TMEM33 Gene

transmembrane protein 33

TMEM169 Gene

transmembrane protein 169

GS1-259H13.2 Gene

transmembrane protein 225-like

AMN Gene

amnion associated transmembrane protein

The protein encoded by this gene is a type I transmembrane protein. It is thought to modulate bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) receptor function by serving as an accessory or coreceptor, and thus facilitates or hinders BMP binding. It is known that the mouse AMN gene is expressed in the extraembryonic visceral endoderm layer during gastrulation, but it is found to be mutated in amnionless mouse. The encoded protein has sequence similarity to short gastrulation (Sog) and procollagen IIA proteins in Drosophila. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TMEM178B Gene

transmembrane protein 178B

LOC100131216 Gene

transmembrane protein 38B pseudogene

LOC642515 Gene

proline-rich transmembrane protein 1-like

LOC442017 Gene

interferon induced transmembrane protein 3 pseudogene

IFITM5 Gene

interferon induced transmembrane protein 5

This gene encodes a membrane protein thought to play a role in bone mineralization. This gene is located on chromosome 11 in a cluster of related genes which are induced by interferon, however, this gene has not been shown to be interferon inducible. A similar gene, located in a gene cluster on mouse chromosome 7, is a member of the interferon-inducible fragilis gene family. The mouse gene encodes a transmembrane protein described as participating in germ cell competence. A mutation in the 5' UTR of this gene has been associated with osteogenesis imperfecta type V (PMID: 22863190, 22863195). [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2012]

TMEM133 Gene

transmembrane protein 133

There is evidence that this intronless gene is transcribed but the protein is predicted. The gene function is unknown. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TMEM130 Gene

transmembrane protein 130

TMEM131 Gene

transmembrane protein 131

TMEM136 Gene

transmembrane protein 136

TMEM134 Gene

transmembrane protein 134

TMEM135 Gene

transmembrane protein 135

TMEM138 Gene

transmembrane protein 138

This gene encodes a multi-pass transmembrane protein. Reduced expression of this gene in mouse fibroblasts causes short cilia and failure of ciliogenesis. Expression of this gene is tightly coordinated with expression of the neighboring gene TMEM216. Mutations in this gene are associated with the autosomal recessive neurodevelopmental disorder Joubert Syndrome. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2012]

TMEM139 Gene

transmembrane protein 139

LOC100286958 Gene

transmembrane protein 183A pseudogene

TMEFF1 Gene

transmembrane protein with EGF-like and two follistatin-like domains 1

TMEFF2 Gene

transmembrane protein with EGF-like and two follistatin-like domains 2

This gene encodes a member of the tomoregulin family of transmembrane proteins. This protein has been shown to function as both an oncogene and a tumor suppressor depending on the cellular context and may regulate prostate cancer cell invasion. Multiple soluble forms of this protein have been identified that arise from both an alternative splice variant and ectodomain shedding. Additionally, this gene has been found to be hypermethylated in multiple cancer types. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2015]

LOC100419853 Gene

transmembrane protein 69 pseudogene

TMEM50B Gene

transmembrane protein 50B

TMEM50A Gene

transmembrane protein 50A

This gene is located in the RH gene locus, between the RHD and RHCE genes. The function of its protein product is unknown; however, its sequence has potential transmembrane domains suggesting that it may be an integral membrane protein. Its position between the RH genes suggests that polymorphisms in this gene may be tightly linked to RH haplotypes and may contribute to selective pressure for or against certain RH haplotypes. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TMED7 Gene

transmembrane emp24 protein transport domain containing 7

TMED6 Gene

transmembrane emp24 protein transport domain containing 6

TMED5 Gene

transmembrane emp24 protein transport domain containing 5

TMED4 Gene

transmembrane emp24 protein transport domain containing 4

TMED3 Gene

transmembrane emp24 protein transport domain containing 3

TMED2 Gene

transmembrane emp24 domain trafficking protein 2

TMED1 Gene

transmembrane emp24 protein transport domain containing 1

This gene belongs to the TMED (transmembrane emp24 domain-containing) protein family, which is involved in the vesicular trafficking of proteins. The protein encoded by this gene was identified by its interaction with interleukin 1 receptor-like 1 (IL1RL1) and may play a role in innate immunity. This protein lacks any similarity to other interleukin 1 ligands. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants of this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2013]

TMED9 Gene

transmembrane emp24 protein transport domain containing 9

TMED8 Gene

transmembrane emp24 protein transport domain containing 8

PLGRKT Gene

plasminogen receptor, C-terminal lysine transmembrane protein

LOC100420062 Gene

transmembrane protein 160 pseudogene

TMED10P1 Gene

transmembrane emp24-like trafficking protein 10 (yeast) pseudogene 1

TMED10P2 Gene

transmembrane emp24-like trafficking protein 10 (yeast) pseudogene 2

TMEM201 Gene

transmembrane protein 201

TMEM202 Gene

transmembrane protein 202

TMEM203 Gene

transmembrane protein 203

TMEM204 Gene

transmembrane protein 204

C16ORF30 plays a role in cell adhesion and cellular permeability at adherens junctions (Kearsey et al., 2004 [PubMed 15206924]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

TMEM205 Gene

transmembrane protein 205

TMEM206 Gene

transmembrane protein 206

TMEM207 Gene

transmembrane protein 207

TMEM208 Gene

transmembrane protein 208

TMEM209 Gene

transmembrane protein 209

TMEM65 Gene

transmembrane protein 65

TMEM64 Gene

transmembrane protein 64

TMEM62 Gene

transmembrane protein 62

TMEM61 Gene

transmembrane protein 61

TMEM60 Gene

transmembrane protein 60

TMEM69 Gene

transmembrane protein 69

TMEM68 Gene

transmembrane protein 68

LOC100288935 Gene

transmembrane protein 258 pseudogene

TMEM67 Gene

transmembrane protein 67

The protein encoded by this gene localizes to the primary cilium and to the plasma membrane. The gene functions in centriole migration to the apical membrane and formation of the primary cilium. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. Defects in this gene are a cause of Meckel syndrome type 3 (MKS3) and Joubert syndrome type 6 (JBTS6). [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2008]

TMEM161BP1 Gene

transmembrane protein 161B pseudogene 1

RNFT1 Gene

ring finger protein, transmembrane 1

TMEM183AP1 Gene

transmembrane protein 183A pseudogene 1

LAPTM4A Gene

lysosomal protein transmembrane 4 alpha

This gene encodes a protein that has four predicted transmembrane domains. The function of this gene has not yet been determined; however, studies in the mouse homolog suggest a role in the transport of small molecules across endosomal and lysosomal membranes. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LAPTM4B Gene

lysosomal protein transmembrane 4 beta

LOC100132025 Gene

transmembrane domain-containing protein ENSP00000320207-like

LOC100420074 Gene

transmembrane protein 183A pseudogene

LETM2 Gene

leucine zipper-EF-hand containing transmembrane protein 2

TMEM161A Gene

transmembrane protein 161A

TMEM161B Gene

transmembrane protein 161B

LOC100421730 Gene

transmembrane emp24 domain trafficking protein 2 pseudogene

TMEM179B Gene

transmembrane protein 179B

TMEM132E Gene

transmembrane protein 132E

TMEM132D Gene

transmembrane protein 132D

TMEM132A Gene

transmembrane protein 132A

This gene encodes a protein that is highly similar to the rat Grp78-binding protein (GBP). Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TMEM132B Gene

transmembrane protein 132B

LOC645900 Gene

lysosomal protein transmembrane 4 beta pseudogene

LOC100130437 Gene

transmembrane protein 126A pseudogene

TMEM109 Gene

transmembrane protein 109

TMEM108 Gene

transmembrane protein 108

TMEM102 Gene

transmembrane protein 102

TMEM101 Gene

transmembrane protein 101

TMEM107 Gene

transmembrane protein 107

TMEM105 Gene

transmembrane protein 105

TMEM104 Gene

transmembrane protein 104

LOC100113397 Gene

vezatin, adherens junctions transmembrane protein pseudogene

TMEM74B Gene

transmembrane protein 74B

RNFT2 Gene

ring finger protein, transmembrane 2

LETM1P2 Gene

leucine zipper-EF-hand containing transmembrane protein 1, pseudogene 2

LETM1P3 Gene

leucine zipper-EF-hand containing transmembrane protein 1, pseudogene 3

TMEM259 Gene

transmembrane protein 259

TM9SF4 Gene

transmembrane 9 superfamily protein member 4

TMEM150A Gene

transmembrane protein 150A

TMEM150C Gene

transmembrane protein 150C

TMEM150B Gene

transmembrane protein 150B

This gene encodes a protein that belongs to the DRAM (damage-regulated autophagy modulator) family of membrane-spanning proteins. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2013]

FAM205BP Gene

transmembrane protein C9orf144B pseudogene

LOC100996337 Gene

transmembrane protein 191B-like

TMEM182 Gene

transmembrane protein 182

TMEM181 Gene

transmembrane protein 181

The TMEM181 gene encodes a putative G protein-coupled receptor expressed on the cell surface (Carette et al., 2009 [PubMed 19965467]; Wollscheid et al., 2009 [PubMed 19349973]).[supplied by OMIM, Jan 2010]

TMEM180 Gene

transmembrane protein 180

TMEM187 Gene

transmembrane protein 187

This gene consists of two exons and encodes a multi-pass membrane protein. An alternatively spliced transcript variant encoding the same protein has been found, but its biological validity is not determined. [provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

TMEM186 Gene

transmembrane protein 186

This gene encodes a potential transmembrane protein. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2012]

TMEM189 Gene

transmembrane protein 189

Co-transcription of this gene and the neighboring downstream gene (ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2 variant 1) generates a rare read-through transcript, which encodes a fusion protein comprised of sequence sharing identity with each individual gene product. The protein encoded by this individual gene lacks a UEV1 domain but includes three transmembrane regions. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2009]

TMEM59 Gene

transmembrane protein 59

This gene encodes a protein shown to regulate autophagy in response to bacterial infection. This protein may also regulate the retention of amyloid precursor protein (APP) in the Golgi apparatus through its control of APP glycosylation. Overexpression of this protein has been found to promote apoptosis in a glioma cell line. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2015]

TMEM57 Gene

transmembrane protein 57

TMEM54 Gene

transmembrane protein 54

TMEM52 Gene

transmembrane protein 52

TMEM53 Gene

transmembrane protein 53

TMEM51 Gene

transmembrane protein 51

TMEM198B Gene

transmembrane protein 198B, pseudogene

TMEM154 Gene

transmembrane protein 154

PMEPA1 Gene

prostate transmembrane protein, androgen induced 1

This gene encodes a transmembrane protein that contains a Smad interacting motif (SIM). Expression of this gene is induced by androgens and transforming growth factor beta, and the encoded protein suppresses the androgen receptor and transforming growth factor beta signaling pathways though interactions with Smad proteins. Overexpression of this gene may play a role in multiple types of cancer. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2011]

LOC100287335 Gene

transmembrane protein 183A pseudogene

RNFT1P1 Gene

ring finger protein, transmembrane 1 pseudogene 1

RNFT1P2 Gene

ring finger protein, transmembrane 1 pseudogene 2

TMEM55A Gene

transmembrane protein 55A

TMEM55A catalyzes the degradation of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns-4,5-P2) by removing the 4-phosphate (Ungewickell et al., 2005 [PubMed 16365287]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

TMEM55B Gene

transmembrane protein 55B

TMEM55B catalyzes the degradation of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns-4,5-P2) by removing the 4-phosphate (Ungewickell et al., 2005 [PubMed 16365287]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

TMEM30B Gene

transmembrane protein 30B

FITM2 Gene

fat storage-inducing transmembrane protein 2

FIT2 belongs to an evolutionarily conserved family of proteins involved in fat storage (Kadereit et al., 2008 [PubMed 18160536]).[supplied by OMIM, May 2008]

FITM1 Gene

fat storage-inducing transmembrane protein 1

FIT1 belongs to an evolutionarily conserved family of proteins involved in fat storage (Kadereit et al., 2008 [PubMed 18160536]).[supplied by OMIM, May 2008]

LOC100420020 Gene

transmembrane protein 55B pseudogene

DCSTAMP Gene

dendrocyte expressed seven transmembrane protein

This gene encodes a seven-pass transmembrane protein that is primarily expressed in dendritic cells. The encoded protein is involved in a range of immunological functions carried out by dendritic cells. This protein plays a role in osteoclastogenesis and myeloid differentiation. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2012]

LOC101929203 Gene

RING finger and transmembrane domain-containing protein 1-like

TMX4 Gene

thioredoxin-related transmembrane protein 4

TMX1 Gene

thioredoxin-related transmembrane protein 1

TXNDC1 is a thioredoxin (TXN; see MIM 187700)-related protein with disulfide reductase activity (Matsuo et al., 2001 [PubMed 11152479]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

TMX3 Gene

thioredoxin-related transmembrane protein 3

TMX2 Gene

thioredoxin-related transmembrane protein 2

LOC100130176 Gene

transmembrane protein 188 pseudogene

TMEM86A Gene

transmembrane protein 86A

TMEM86B Gene

transmembrane protein 86B

TMEM45A Gene

transmembrane protein 45A

TMEM45B Gene

transmembrane protein 45B

TMEM155 Gene

transmembrane protein 155

TMEM156 Gene

transmembrane protein 156

TMEM158 Gene

transmembrane protein 158 (gene/pseudogene)

Constitutive activation of the Ras pathway triggers an irreversible proliferation arrest reminiscent of replicative senescence. Transcription of this gene is upregulated in response to activation of the Ras pathway, but not under other conditions that induce senescence. The encoded protein is similar to a rat cell surface receptor proposed to function in a neuronal survival pathway. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TMEM159 Gene

transmembrane protein 159

LOC100101247 Gene

interferon induced transmembrane protein pseudogene

LOC100101246 Gene

interferon induced transmembrane protein 3 pseudogene

TEDDM2P Gene

transmembrane epididymal protein 2, pseudogene

IFITM10 Gene

interferon induced transmembrane protein 10

TMEM213 Gene

transmembrane protein 213

TMEM210 Gene

transmembrane protein 210

TMEM215 Gene

transmembrane protein 215

LOC442389 Gene

interferon induced transmembrane protein pseudogene

LETM1 Gene

leucine zipper-EF-hand containing transmembrane protein 1

This gene encodes a protein that is localized to the inner mitochondrial membrane. The protein functions to maintain the mitochondrial tubular shapes and is required for normal mitochondrial morphology and cellular viability. Mutations in this gene cause Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome, a complex malformation syndrome caused by the deletion of parts of the distal short arm of chromosome 4. Related pseudogenes have been identified on chromosomes 8, 15 and 19. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]

LOC101930080 Gene

GPS, PLAT and transmembrane domain-containing protein FLJ00285-like

TMEM88 Gene

transmembrane protein 88

TMEM81 Gene

transmembrane protein 81

TMEM80 Gene

transmembrane protein 80

TMEM8A Gene

transmembrane protein 8A

TMEM8C Gene

transmembrane protein 8C

TMEM8B Gene

transmembrane protein 8B

TMEM87B Gene

transmembrane protein 87B

TMEM87A Gene

transmembrane protein 87A

IFITM9P Gene

interferon induced transmembrane protein 9 pseudogene

TMEM52B Gene

transmembrane protein 52B

LOC442309 Gene

interferon induced transmembrane protein 3 pseudogene

TMEM97P1 Gene

transmembrane protein 97 pseudogene 1

TMEM184A Gene

transmembrane protein 184A

TMEM184B Gene

transmembrane protein 184B

TMEM184C Gene

transmembrane protein 184C

TMEM222 Gene

transmembrane protein 222

TMEM223 Gene

transmembrane protein 223

TMEM220 Gene

transmembrane protein 220

TMEM221 Gene

transmembrane protein 221

LOC646616 Gene

transmembrane protein 183A pseudogene

TMED10 Gene

transmembrane emp24-like trafficking protein 10 (yeast)

This gene is a member of the EMP24/GP25L/p24 family and encodes a protein with a GOLD domain. This type I membrane protein is localized to the plasma membrane and golgi cisternae and is involved in vesicular protein trafficking. The protein is also a member of a heteromeric secretase complex and regulates the complex's gamma-secretase activity without affecting its epsilon-secretase activity. Mutations in this gene have been associated with early-onset familial Alzheimer's disease. This gene has a pseudogene on chromosome 8. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC728048 Gene

interferon induced transmembrane protein pseudogene

TMEM167B Gene

transmembrane protein 167B

TMEM167A Gene

transmembrane protein 167A

TMEM132C Gene

transmembrane protein 132C

TENM3 Gene

teneurin transmembrane protein 3

TENM2 Gene

teneurin transmembrane protein 2

TENM1 Gene

teneurin transmembrane protein 1

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the tenascin family and teneurin subfamily. It is expressed in the neurons and may function as a cellular signal transducer. Several alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2009]

TENM4 Gene

teneurin transmembrane protein 4

TMEM39B Gene

transmembrane protein 39B

TMEM39A Gene

transmembrane protein 39A

LOC100420053 Gene

transmembrane protein 126A pseudogene

IFITM4P Gene

interferon induced transmembrane protein 4 pseudogene

LOC100420119 Gene

transmembrane protein 132B pseudogene

TMEM200C Gene

transmembrane protein 200C

TMEM125 Gene

transmembrane protein 125

TMEM127 Gene

transmembrane protein 127

This gene encodes a transmembrane protein with 3 predicted transmembrane domains. The protein is associated with a subpopulation of vesicular organelles corresponding to early endosomal structures, with the Golgi, and with lysosomes, and may participate in protein trafficking between these structures. Mutations in this gene and several other genes cause pheochromocytomas. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same protein have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2010]

TMEM121 Gene

transmembrane protein 121

TMEM123 Gene

transmembrane protein 123

This gene encodes a highly glycosylated transmembrane protein with a high content of threonine and serine residues in its extracellular domain, similar to a broadly defined category of proteins termed mucins. Exposure of some cell types to anti-PORIMIN (pro-oncosis receptor inducing membrane injury) antibody, crosslinks this protein on the cell surface and induces a type of cell death termed oncosis. Oncosis is distinct from apoptosis and is characterized by a loss of cell membrane integrity without DNA fragmentation. This gene product is proposed to function as a cell surface receptor that mediates cell death. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TMEM128 Gene

transmembrane protein 128

TMEM35 Gene

transmembrane protein 35

TMEM14E Gene

transmembrane protein 14E

TMEM143 Gene

transmembrane protein 143

TMEM140 Gene

transmembrane protein 140

TMEM89 Gene

transmembrane protein 89

TMEM82 Gene

transmembrane protein 82

OCSTAMP Gene

osteoclast stimulatory transmembrane protein

LOC100420118 Gene

transmembrane protein 132C pseudogene

TMEM211 Gene

transmembrane protein 211

TMEM217 Gene

transmembrane protein 217

TMEM216 Gene

transmembrane protein 216

This locus encodes a transmembrane domain-containing protein. Mutations at this locus have been associated with Meckel-Gruber Syndrome Type 2, and Joubert Syndrome 2, also known as Cerebello-oculorenal Syndrome 2. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2010]

TMEM214 Gene

transmembrane protein 214

TMEM219 Gene

transmembrane protein 219

TMEM218 Gene

transmembrane protein 218

TMEM78 Gene

transmembrane protein 78

TMEM79 Gene

transmembrane protein 79

TMEM70 Gene

transmembrane protein 70

This gene likely encodes a mitochondrial membrane protein. The encoded protein may play a role in biogenesis of mitochondrial ATP synthase. Mutations in this gene have been associated with neonatal mitochondrial encephalocardiomyopathy due to ATP synthase deficiency. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2010]

TMEM71 Gene

transmembrane protein 71

TMEM72 Gene

transmembrane protein 72

TMEM74 Gene

transmembrane protein 74

TMEM75 Gene

transmembrane protein 75

LOC121296 Gene

transmembrane protein 132B pseudogene

LOC100129118 Gene

transmembrane protein 167A pseudogene

TMEM63A Gene

transmembrane protein 63A

TMEM63C Gene

transmembrane protein 63C

TMEM63B Gene

transmembrane protein 63B

LOC100996401 Gene

transmembrane protein 191B

TMX2P1 Gene

thioredoxin-related transmembrane protein 2 pseudogene 1

LOC100420008 Gene

transmembrane protein 126B pseudogene

DSPA2D Gene

interferon induced transmembrane protein 3 pseudogene

LOC100420909 Gene

transmembrane protein 251 pseudogene

KREMEN1 Gene

kringle containing transmembrane protein 1

This gene encodes a high-affinity dickkopf homolog 1 (DKK1) transmembrane receptor that functionally cooperates with DKK1 to block wingless (WNT)/beta-catenin signaling. The encoded protein is a component of a membrane complex that modulates canonical WNT signaling through lipoprotein receptor-related protein 6 (LRP6). It contains extracellular kringle, WSC, and CUB domains. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CLPTM1 Gene

cleft lip and palate associated transmembrane protein 1

TMEM262 Gene

transmembrane protein 262

TMEM198 Gene

transmembrane protein 198

TMEM177 Gene

transmembrane protein 177

TMEM174 Gene

transmembrane protein 174

TMEM175 Gene

transmembrane protein 175

TMEM171 Gene

transmembrane protein 171

TMEM100 Gene

transmembrane protein 100

TMEM191B Gene

transmembrane protein 191B

TMEM191C Gene

transmembrane protein 191C

TMEM191A Gene

transmembrane protein 191A (pseudogene)

LETM1P1 Gene

leucine zipper-EF-hand containing transmembrane protein 1, pseudogene 1

LOC100506400 Gene

transmembrane protein 258 pseudogene

LOC388104 Gene

transmembrane protein 183A pseudogene

TMEM151B Gene

transmembrane protein 151B

TMEM151A Gene

transmembrane protein 151A

TMEM248 Gene

transmembrane protein 248

TMEM249 Gene

transmembrane protein 249

TMEM244 Gene

transmembrane protein 244

TMEM245 Gene

transmembrane protein 245

TMEM246 Gene

transmembrane protein 246

TMEM240 Gene

transmembrane protein 240

This gene encodes a transmembrane-domain containing protein found in the brain and cerebellum. Mutations in this gene result in spinocerebellar ataxia 21. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2014]

TMEM243 Gene

transmembrane protein 243, mitochondrial

TMEM97P2 Gene

transmembrane protein 97 pseudogene 2

TMEM176A Gene

transmembrane protein 176A

TMEM176B Gene

transmembrane protein 176B

VEZT Gene

vezatin, adherens junctions transmembrane protein

This gene encodes a transmembrane protein which has been localized to adherens junctions and shown to bind to myosin VIIA. Examination of expression of this gene in gastric cancer tissues have shown that expression is decreased which appears to be related to hypermethylation of the promoter. Expression of this gene may also be inhibited by binding of a specific microRNA to a target sequence in the 3' UTR of the transcripts. A pseudogene of this gene is located on the X chromosome. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, May 2011]

TMEM120B Gene

transmembrane protein 120B

TMEM120A Gene

transmembrane protein 120A

KREMEN2 Gene

kringle containing transmembrane protein 2

This gene encodes a high-affinity dickkopf homolog 1 (DKK1) transmembrane receptor. A similar protein in mouse functions interacts with with DKK1 to block wingless (WNT)/beta-catenin signaling. The encoded protein forms a ternary membrane complex with DKK1 and the WNT receptor lipoprotein receptor-related protein 6 (LRP6), and induces rapid endocytosis and removal of LRP6 from the plasma membrane. It contains extracellular kringle, WSC, and CUB domains. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2011]

TMEM248P1 Gene

transmembrane protein 248 pseudogene 1

TMEM173 Gene

transmembrane protein 173

This gene encodes a five transmembrane protein that functions as a major regulator of the innate immune response to viral and bacterial infections. The encoded protein is a pattern recognition receptor that detects cytosolic nucleic acids and transmits signals that activate type I interferon responses. The encoded protein has also been shown to play a role in apoptotic signaling by associating with type II major histocompatibility complex. Mutations in this gene are the cause of infantile-onset STING-associated vasculopathy. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2014]

IFITM3 Gene

interferon induced transmembrane protein 3

The protein encoded by this gene is an interferon-induced membrane protein that helps confer immunity to influenza A H1N1 virus, West Nile virus, and dengue virus. Two transcript variants, only one of them protein-coding, have been found for this gene. Another variant encoding an N-terminally truncated isoform has been reported, but the full-length nature of this variant has not been determined. [provided by RefSeq, May 2012]

IFITM1 Gene

interferon induced transmembrane protein 1

LOC100127982 Gene

transmembrane protein 69 pseudogene

TMEM27 Gene

transmembrane protein 27

This gene encodes a type 1 transmembrane protein that is important for trafficking amino acid transporters to the apical brush border of proximal tubules. The encoded protein binds to amino acid transporters and regulates their expression on the plasma membrane. It also plays a role in controlling insulin exocytosis by regulating formation of the SNARE (soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive-factor attachment protein receptor) complex in pancreatic beta cells. The extracellular domain of the encoded protein may be cleaved and shed from the plasma membrane specifically in pancreatic beta cells. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2013]

TMEM26 Gene

transmembrane protein 26

TMEM25 Gene

transmembrane protein 25

TMEM225 Gene

transmembrane protein 225

TMEM256P1 Gene

transmembrane protein 256 pseudogene 1

LAPTM5 Gene

lysosomal protein transmembrane 5

This gene encodes a transmembrane receptor that is associated with lysosomes. The encoded protein, also known as E3 protein, may play a role in hematopoiesis. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2009]

TMEM212 Gene

transmembrane protein 212

TMEM14D Gene

transmembrane protein 14D (pseudogene)

TMEM14C Gene

transmembrane protein 14C

TMEM14B Gene

transmembrane protein 14B

TMEM14A Gene

transmembrane protein 14A

TMEM147 Gene

transmembrane protein 147

TMEM145 Gene

transmembrane protein 145

TMEM144 Gene

transmembrane protein 144

TMEM141 Gene

transmembrane protein 141

LOC123862 Gene

interferon induced transmembrane protein pseudogene

TMEM194A Gene

transmembrane protein 194A

TMEM59L Gene

transmembrane protein 59-like

This gene encodes a predicted type-I membrane glycoprotein. The encoded protein may play a role in functioning of the central nervous system. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

IFITM2 Gene

interferon induced transmembrane protein 2

TMEM229A Gene

transmembrane protein 229A

TMEM229B Gene

transmembrane protein 229B

TMEM98 Gene

transmembrane protein 98

This gene encodes a transmembrane protein. A missense mutation in this gene result in Nanophthalmos 4 (NNO4). Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2014]

TMEM99 Gene

transmembrane protein 99

TMEM92 Gene

transmembrane protein 92

TMEM91 Gene

transmembrane protein 91

TMEM97 Gene

transmembrane protein 97

TMEM97 is a conserved integral membrane protein that plays a role in controlling cellular cholesterol levels (Bartz et al., 2009 [PubMed 19583955]).[supplied by OMIM, Aug 2009]

TMEM95 Gene

transmembrane protein 95

TMEM88B Gene

transmembrane protein 88B

LOC105369277 Gene

transmembrane protein C16orf54

TMEM261P1 Gene

transmembrane protein 261 pseudogene 1

LOC100101126 Gene

thioredoxin-related transmembrane protein 1 pseudogene

LOC100101127 Gene

thioredoxin-related transmembrane protein 1 pseudogene

TMEM239 Gene

transmembrane protein 239

TMEM238 Gene

transmembrane protein 238

TMEM235 Gene

transmembrane protein 235

TMEM234 Gene

transmembrane protein 234

TMEM237 Gene

transmembrane protein 237

The protein encoded by this gene is a tetraspanin protein that is thought to be involved in WNT signaling. Defects in this gene are a cause of Joubert syndrome-14. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2012]

TMEM236 Gene

transmembrane protein 236

TMEM231 Gene

transmembrane protein 231

This gene encodes a transmembrane protein, which is a component of the B9 complex involved in the formation of the diffusion barrier between the cilia and plasma membrane. Mutations in this gene cause Joubert syndrome (JBTS). Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2013]

TMEM230 Gene

transmembrane protein 230

TMEM233 Gene

transmembrane protein 233

TMEM232 Gene

transmembrane protein 232

TMEM11 Gene

transmembrane protein 11

TMEM17 Gene

transmembrane protein 17

TMEM18 Gene

transmembrane protein 18

TMEM19 Gene

transmembrane protein 19

TMEM194B Gene

transmembrane protein 194B

TMEM200A Gene

transmembrane protein 200A

LOC643058 Gene

interferon induced transmembrane protein 3 pseudogene

LOC100129133 Gene

transmembrane protein 184C pseudogene

TMEM9 Gene

transmembrane protein 9

TMEM2 Gene

transmembrane protein 2

TMEM5 Gene

transmembrane protein 5

This gene encodes a type II transmembrane protein that is thought to have glycosyltransferase function. Mutations in this gene result in cobblestone lissencephaly. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, May 2013]

TMEM38A Gene

transmembrane protein 38A

TMEM38B Gene

transmembrane protein 38B

This gene encodes an intracellular monovalent cation channel that functions in maintenance of intracellular calcium release. Mutations in this gene may be associated with autosomal recessive osteogenesis. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2012]

PRRT4 Gene

proline-rich transmembrane protein 4

PRRT1 Gene

proline-rich transmembrane protein 1

PRRT3 Gene

proline-rich transmembrane protein 3

PRRT2 Gene

proline-rich transmembrane protein 2

This gene encodes a transmembrane protein containing a proline-rich domain in its N-terminal half. Studies in mice suggest that it is predominantly expressed in brain and spinal cord in embryonic and postnatal stages. Mutations in this gene are associated with episodic kinesigenic dyskinesia-1. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2012]

TMEM183A Gene

transmembrane protein 183A

TMEM183B Gene

transmembrane protein 183B

This locus was thought to represent a pseudogene of chromosome 1 open reading frame 37 because it is intronless and retains a polyA tail at the 3' end. It does however contain a complete open reading frame that subsequent research has demonstrated to be transcribed in a limited number of human tissues. The encoded protein may represent a transmembrane protein associated with cell membranes and be involved in cell-cell or cell-environment interactions. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2010]

TMEM41A Gene

transmembrane protein 41A

TMEM41B Gene

transmembrane protein 41B

LOC100420067 Gene

transmembrane protein 231 pseudogene

LOC100420066 Gene

transmembrane protein 111 pseudogene

TMEM179 Gene

transmembrane protein 179

TMEM56 Gene

transmembrane protein 56

TMEM178A Gene

transmembrane protein 178A

TMEM30A Gene

transmembrane protein 30A

TMEM30C Gene

transmembrane protein 30C

TMEM119 Gene

transmembrane protein 119

TMEM110 Gene

transmembrane protein 110

TMEM114 Gene

transmembrane protein 114

This gene encodes a glycosylated transmembrane protein that plays a role in lens and eye development. Mutations in this gene, including a t(16;22)(p13.3;q11.2) translocation, are associated with congenital and juvenile cataract disorders. Alternative splicing of this gene results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2014]

TMEM115 Gene

transmembrane protein 115

TMEM116 Gene

transmembrane protein 116

TMEM117 Gene

transmembrane protein 117

TMEM170B Gene

transmembrane protein 170B

TMEM170A Gene

transmembrane protein 170A

LOC642975 Gene

transmembrane protein 230 pseudogene

LOC100420116 Gene

transmembrane protein 132B pseudogene

LOC100996634 Gene

transmembrane protein FLJ37396

GAPT Gene

GRB2-binding adaptor protein, transmembrane

LOC100132789 Gene

transmembrane protein 126A pseudogene

TMEM265 Gene

transmembrane protein 265

TMEM263 Gene

transmembrane protein 263

TMEM260 Gene

transmembrane protein 260

TMEM261 Gene

transmembrane protein 261

TMEM190 Gene

transmembrane protein 190

TMEM192 Gene

transmembrane protein 192

TMEM196 Gene

transmembrane protein 196

TMEM199 Gene

transmembrane protein 199

TMEM44 Gene

transmembrane protein 44

TMEM47 Gene

transmembrane protein 47

This gene encodes a member of the PMP22/EMP/claudin protein family. The encoded protein is localized to the ER and the plasma membrane. In dogs, transcripts of this gene exist at high levels in the brain. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TMEM40 Gene

transmembrane protein 40

TMEM43 Gene

transmembrane protein 43

This gene belongs to the TMEM43 family. Defects in this gene are the cause of familial arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia type 5 (ARVD5), also known as arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy type 5 (ARVC5). Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia is an inherited disorder, often involving both ventricles, and is characterized by ventricular tachycardia, heart failure, sudden cardiac death, and fibrofatty replacement of cardiomyocytes. This gene contains a response element for PPAR gamma (an adipogenic transcription factor), which may explain the fibrofatty replacement of the myocardium, a characteristic pathological finding in ARVC. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2008]

TMEM42 Gene

transmembrane protein 42

TEDDM1 Gene

transmembrane epididymal protein 1

TMEM126A Gene

transmembrane protein 126A

The protein encoded by this gene is a mitochondrial membrane protein of unknown function. Defects in this gene are a cause of optic atrophy type 7 (OPA7). Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2011]

TMEM126B Gene

transmembrane protein 126B

TMEM106B Gene

transmembrane protein 106B

TMEM106C Gene

transmembrane protein 106C

TMEM106A Gene

transmembrane protein 106A

LOC100420011 Gene

transmembrane protein 38A pseudogene

LOC100130326 Gene

transmembrane protein 183A pseudogene

TPRA1 Gene

transmembrane protein, adipocyte asscociated 1

TMEM185AP1 Gene

transmembrane protein 185A pseudogene 1

TMED11P Gene

transmembrane emp24 protein transport domain containing 11, pseudogene

SIDT1 Gene

SID1 transmembrane family, member 1

SIDT2 Gene

SID1 transmembrane family, member 2

TMC5 Gene

transmembrane channel-like 5

TM4SF18 Gene

transmembrane 4 L six family member 18

TM4SF19 Gene

transmembrane 4 L six family member 19

CLMN Gene

calmin (calponin-like, transmembrane)

TMUB1 Gene

transmembrane and ubiquitin-like domain containing 1

TMUB2 Gene

transmembrane and ubiquitin-like domain containing 2

POM121L4P Gene

POM121 transmembrane nucleoporin-like 4 pseudogene

TPTE2 Gene

transmembrane phosphoinositide 3-phosphatase and tensin homolog 2

TPIP is a member of a large class of membrane-associated phosphatases with substrate specificity for the 3-position phosphate of inositol phospholipids.[supplied by OMIM, Jul 2002]

TMCC1P1 Gene

transmembrane and coiled-coil domain family 1 pseudogene 1

TMTC2 Gene

transmembrane and tetratricopeptide repeat containing 2

TAPT1 Gene

transmembrane anterior posterior transformation 1

This gene encodes a highly conserved, putative transmembrane protein. A mutation in the mouse ortholog of this gene results in homeotic, posterior-to-anterior transformations of the axial skeleton which are similar to the phenotype of mouse homeobox C8 gene mutants. This gene is proposed to function downstream of homeobox C8 to transduce extracellular patterning information during axial skeleton development. An alternatively spliced transcript variant encoding a substantially different isoform has been described, but its biological validity has not been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC100420252 Gene

transmembrane channel-like 6 pseudogene

VSTM5 Gene

V-set and transmembrane domain containing 5

VSTM4 Gene

V-set and transmembrane domain containing 4

VSTM1 Gene

V-set and transmembrane domain containing 1

LOC100422352 Gene

transmembrane and tetratricopeptide repeat containing 1 pseudogene

LIME1 Gene

Lck interacting transmembrane adaptor 1

This gene encodes a transmembrane adaptor protein that links the T and B-cell receptor stimulation to downstream signaling pathways via its association with the Src family kinases Lck and Lyn, respectively. Alternative splicing of this gene results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2015]

TMBIM6 Gene

transmembrane BAX inhibitor motif containing 6

TMBIM4 Gene

transmembrane BAX inhibitor motif containing 4

TMBIM1 Gene

transmembrane BAX inhibitor motif containing 1

POM121L9P Gene

POM121 transmembrane nucleoporin-like 9, pseudogene

This locus is inferred to be a transcribed pseudogene based on the observation that protein homology is limited to the first of seven exons (indicated by alignment of AL117401.1 to the assembled human genome). This pattern suggests rapid turnover by the nonsense-mediated decay pathway. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

POM121L1P Gene

POM121 transmembrane nucleoporin-like 1, pseudogene

This locus appears to be a pseudogene related to DKFZp434K191, which is of unknown function. This pseudogene lies in the immunoglobulin lambda gene cluster on chromosome 22q11.21. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

POM121L11P Gene

POM121 transmembrane nucleoporin-like 11, pseudogene

POM121L12 Gene

POM121 transmembrane nucleoporin-like 12

TMPRSS11GP Gene

transmembrane protease, serine 11G, pseudogene

POM121 Gene

POM121 transmembrane nucleoporin

This gene encodes a transmembrane protein that localizes to the inner nuclear membrane and forms a core component of the nuclear pore complex, which mediates transport to and from the nucleus. The encoded protein may anchor this complex to the nuclear envelope. There are multiple related genes and pseudogenes for this gene on chromosomes 5, 7, 15, and 22. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been observed. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2013]

SIT1 Gene

signaling threshold regulating transmembrane adaptor 1

TM7SF3 Gene

transmembrane 7 superfamily member 3

TM7SF2 Gene

transmembrane 7 superfamily member 2

LRTM2 Gene

leucine-rich repeats and transmembrane domains 2

LOC650293 Gene

seven transmembrane helix receptor

TMCC1 Gene

transmembrane and coiled-coil domain family 1

TMCC2 Gene

transmembrane and coiled-coil domain family 2

TMCC3 Gene

transmembrane and coiled-coil domain family 3

POM121B Gene

POM121 transmembrane nucleoporin B (pseudogene)

TM9SF1 Gene

transmembrane 9 superfamily member 1

TM9SF3 Gene

transmembrane 9 superfamily member 3

TM9SF2 Gene

transmembrane 9 superfamily member 2

This gene encodes a member of the transmembrane 9 superfamily. The encoded 76 kDa protein localizes to early endosomes in human cells. The encoded protein possesses a conserved and highly hydrophobic C-terminal domain which contains nine transmembrane domains. The protein may play a role in small molecule transport or act as an ion channel. A pseudogene associated with this gene is located on the X chromosome. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2012]

CMTM8 Gene

CKLF-like MARVEL transmembrane domain containing 8

This gene belongs to the chemokine-like factor gene superfamily, a novel family that is similar to the chemokine and the transmembrane 4 superfamilies. This gene is one of several chemokine-like factor genes located in a cluster on chromosome 3. This gene is widely expressed in many tissues, but the exact function of the encoded protein is unknown. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CMTM2 Gene

CKLF-like MARVEL transmembrane domain containing 2

This gene belongs to the chemokine-like factor gene superfamily, a novel family that links the chemokine and the transmembrane 4 superfamilies of signaling molecules. The protein encoded by this gene may play an important role in testicular development. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CMTM3 Gene

CKLF-like MARVEL transmembrane domain containing 3

This gene belongs to the chemokine-like factor gene superfamily, a novel family that is similar to the chemokine and the transmembrane 4 superfamilies of signaling molecules. This gene is one of several chemokine-like factor genes located in a cluster on chromosome 16. Alternatively spliced transcript variants containing different 5' UTRs, but encoding the same protein, have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CMTM1 Gene

CKLF-like MARVEL transmembrane domain containing 1

This gene belongs to the chemokine-like factor gene superfamily, a novel family that is similar to the chemokine and the transmembrane 4 superfamilies of signaling molecules. The protein encoded by this gene may play an important role in testicular development. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified. Naturally occurring read-through transcription occurs between this locus and the neighboring locus CKLF (chemokine-like factor).[provided by RefSeq, Feb 2011]

CMTM6 Gene

CKLF-like MARVEL transmembrane domain containing 6

This gene belongs to the chemokine-like factor gene superfamily, a novel family that is similar to the chemokine and transmembrane 4 superfamilies. This gene is one of several chemokine-like factor genes located in a cluster on chromosome 3. This gene is widely expressed in many tissues, but the exact function of the encoded protein is unknown. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CMTM4 Gene

CKLF-like MARVEL transmembrane domain containing 4

This gene belongs to the chemokine-like factor gene superfamily, a novel family that is similar to the chemokine and the transmembrane 4 superfamilies of signaling molecules. This gene is one of several chemokine-like factor genes located in a cluster on chromosome 16. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CMTM5 Gene

CKLF-like MARVEL transmembrane domain containing 5

This gene encodes a member of the chemokine-like factor superfamily. This family of genes encodes multi-pass membrane proteins that are similar to both the chemokine and the transmembrane 4 superfamilies of signaling molecules. The encoded protein may exhibit tumor suppressor activity. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2014]

MCTP1 Gene

multiple C2 domains, transmembrane 1

MCTP2 Gene

multiple C2 domains, transmembrane 2

NDC1 Gene

NDC1 transmembrane nucleoporin

TMIGD3 Gene

transmembrane and immunoglobulin domain containing 3

This gene encodes a transmembrane and immunoglobulin domain-containing protein. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants, one of which shares its 5' terminal exon with that of the overlapping adenosine A3 receptor gene (GeneID:140), thus resulting in a fusion product. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2014]

TMIGD2 Gene

transmembrane and immunoglobulin domain containing 2

LOC440683 Gene

seven transmembrane helix receptor

GPNMB Gene

glycoprotein (transmembrane) nmb

The protein encoded by this gene is a type I transmembrane glycoprotein which shows homology to the pMEL17 precursor, a melanocyte-specific protein. GPNMB shows expression in the lowly metastatic human melanoma cell lines and xenografts but does not show expression in the highly metastatic cell lines. GPNMB may be involved in growth delay and reduction of metastatic potential. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TMPRSS12 Gene

transmembrane (C-terminal) protease, serine 12

TMPRSS13 Gene

transmembrane protease, serine 13

This gene encodes a member of the type II transmembrane serine protease family. Transmembrane serine proteases are regulated by protease inhibitors and known to function in development, homeostasis, infection, and tumorigenesis. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2011]

TMPRSS15 Gene

transmembrane protease, serine 15

This gene encodes an enzyme that converts the pancreatic proenzyme trypsinogen to trypsin, which activates other proenzymes including chymotrypsinogen and procarboxypeptidases. The precursor protein is cleaved into two chains that form a heterodimer linked by a disulfide bond. This protein is a member of the trypsin family of peptidases. Mutations in this gene cause enterokinase deficiency, a malabsorption disorder characterized by diarrhea and failure to thrive. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TMPRSS11CP Gene

transmembrane protease, serine 11C, pseudogene

LRTM1 Gene

leucine-rich repeats and transmembrane domains 1

LOC729707 Gene

transmembrane and tetratricopeptide repeat containing 4 pseudogene

GPA33 Gene

glycoprotein A33 (transmembrane)

The glycoprotein encoded by this gene is a cell surface antigen that is expressed in greater than 95% of human colon cancers. The open reading frame encodes a 319-amino acid polypeptide having a putative secretory signal sequence and 3 potential glycosylation sites. The predicted mature protein has a 213-amino acid extracellular region, a single transmembrane domain, and a 62-amino acid intracellular tail. The sequence of the extracellular region contains 2 domains characteristic of the CD2 subgroup of the immunoglobulin (Ig) superfamily. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

STEAP1 Gene

six transmembrane epithelial antigen of the prostate 1

This gene is predominantly expressed in prostate tissue, and is found to be upregulated in multiple cancer cell lines. The gene product is predicted to be a six-transmembrane protein, and was shown to be a cell surface antigen significantly expressed at cell-cell junctions. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

P4HTM Gene

prolyl 4-hydroxylase, transmembrane (endoplasmic reticulum)

The product of this gene belongs to the family of prolyl 4-hydroxylases. This protein is a prolyl hydroxylase that may be involved in the degradation of hypoxia-inducible transcription factors under normoxia. It plays a role in adaptation to hypoxia and may be related to cellular oxygen sensing. Alternatively spliced variants encoding different isoforms have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

POM121L13P Gene

POM121 transmembrane nucleoporin-like 13, pseudogene

SERTM1 Gene

serine-rich and transmembrane domain containing 1

TMC4 Gene

transmembrane channel-like 4

TMC6 Gene

transmembrane channel-like 6

Epidermodysplasia verruciformis (EV) is an autosomal recessive dermatosis characterized by abnormal susceptibility to human papillomaviruses (HPVs) and a high rate of progression to squamous cell carcinoma on sun-exposed skin. EV is caused by mutations in either of two adjacent genes located on chromosome 17q25.3. Both of these genes encode integral membrane proteins that localize to the endoplasmic reticulum and are predicted to form transmembrane channels. This gene encodes a transmembrane channel-like protein with 10 transmembrane domains and 2 leucine zipper motifs. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TMC7 Gene

transmembrane channel-like 7

TMC1 Gene

transmembrane channel-like 1

This gene is considered a member of a gene family predicted to encode transmembrane proteins. The specific function of this gene is unknown; however, it is known to be required for normal function of cochlear hair cells. Mutations in this gene have been associated with progressive postlingual hearing loss and profound prelingual deafness. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TMC2 Gene

transmembrane channel-like 2

This gene is considered a member of a gene family predicted to encode transmembrane proteins. The specific function of this gene is unknown; however, expression in the inner ear suggests that it may be crucial for normal auditory function. Mutations in this gene may underlie hereditary disorders of balance and hearing. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TMC3 Gene

transmembrane channel-like 3

TMC8 Gene

transmembrane channel-like 8

Epidermodysplasia verruciformis (EV) is an autosomal recessive dermatosis characterized by abnormal susceptibility to human papillomaviruses (HPVs) and a high rate of progression to squamous cell carcinoma on sun-exposed skin. EV is caused by mutations in either of two adjacent genes located on chromosome 17q25.3. Both of these genes encode integral membrane proteins that localize to the endoplasmic reticulum and are predicted to form transmembrane channels. This gene encodes a transmembrane channel-like protein with 8 predicted transmembrane domains and 3 leucine zipper motifs. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYSTM1 Gene

cysteine-rich transmembrane module containing 1

TMCO5B Gene

transmembrane and coiled-coil domains 5B, pseudogene

TMCO5A Gene

transmembrane and coiled-coil domains 5A

LOC724105 Gene

cysteine-rich transmembrane module containing 1 pseudogene

TPTEP1 Gene

transmembrane phosphatase with tensin homology pseudogene 1

POM121L8P Gene

POM121 transmembrane nucleoporin-like 8 pseudogene

CRIM1 Gene

cysteine rich transmembrane BMP regulator 1 (chordin-like)

This gene encodes a transmembrane protein containing six cysteine-rich repeat domains and an insulin-like growth factor-binding domain. The encoded protein may play a role in tissue development though interactions with members of the transforming growth factor beta family, such as bone morphogenetic proteins. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2010]

TRAT1 Gene

T cell receptor associated transmembrane adaptor 1

SEMA5B Gene

sema domain, seven thrombospondin repeats (type 1 and type 1-like), transmembrane domain (TM) and short cytoplasmic domain, (semaphorin) 5B

This gene encodes a member of the semaphorin protein family which regulates axon growth during development of the nervous system. The encoded protein has a characteristic Sema domain near the N-terminus, through which semaphorins bind to plexin, and five thrombospondin type 1 repeats in the C-terminal region of the protein. The protein product may be cleaved and exist as a secreted molecule (PMID: 19463192). Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2012]

SEMA5A Gene

sema domain, seven thrombospondin repeats (type 1 and type 1-like), transmembrane domain (TM) and short cytoplasmic domain, (semaphorin) 5A

This gene belongs to the semaphorin gene family that encodes membrane proteins containing a semaphorin domain and several thrombospondin type-1 repeats. Members of this family are involved in axonal guidance during neural development. This gene has been implicated as an autism susceptibility gene.[provided by RefSeq, Jan 2010]

VSTM2L Gene

V-set and transmembrane domain containing 2 like

VSTM2A Gene

V-set and transmembrane domain containing 2A

VSTM2B Gene

V-set and transmembrane domain containing 2B

TM4SF20 Gene

transmembrane 4 L six family member 20

TM4SF1 Gene

transmembrane 4 L six family member 1

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the transmembrane 4 superfamily, also known as the tetraspanin family. Most of these members are cell-surface proteins that are characterized by the presence of four hydrophobic domains. The proteins mediate signal transduction events that play a role in the regulation of cell development, activation, growth and motility. This encoded protein is a cell surface antigen and is highly expressed in different carcinomas. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TM4SF4 Gene

transmembrane 4 L six family member 4

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the transmembrane 4 superfamily, also known as the tetraspanin family. Most of these members are cell-surface proteins that are characterized by the presence of four hydrophobic domains. The proteins mediate signal transduction events that play a role in the regulation of cell development, activation, growth and motility. This encoded protein is a cell surface glycoprotein that can regulate cell proliferation.[provided by RefSeq, Mar 2011]

TM4SF5 Gene

transmembrane 4 L six family member 5

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the transmembrane 4 superfamily, also known as the tetraspanin family. Most of these members are cell-surface proteins that are characterized by the presence of four hydrophobic domains. The proteins mediate signal transduction events that play a role in the regulation of cell development, activation, growth and motility. This encoded protein is a cell surface glycoprotein and is highly similar in sequence and structure to transmembrane 4 superfamily member 1. It may play a role in cell proliferation, and overexpression of this protein may be associated with the uncontrolled growth of tumour cells. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LRTOMT Gene

leucine rich transmembrane and O-methyltransferase domain containing

This gene includes two transcript forms. The short form has one open reading frame (ORF), which encodes the leucine-rich repeats (LRR)-containing protein of unknown function. This protein is called LRTOMT1 or LRRC51. The long form has two alternative ORFs; the upstream ORF has the same translation start codon as used in the short form and the resulting transcript is a candidate for nonsense-mediated decay, and the downstream ORF encodes a different protein, which is a transmembrane catechol-O-methyltransferase and is called LRTOMT2, TOMT or COMT2. The COMT2 is essential for auditory and vestibular function. Defects in the COMT2 can cause nonsyndromic deafness. Alternatively spliced transcript variants from each transcript form have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2012]

TMTC4 Gene

transmembrane and tetratricopeptide repeat containing 4

TMTC3 Gene

transmembrane and tetratricopeptide repeat containing 3

This gene encodes a protein that belongs to the transmembrane and tetratricopeptide repeat-containing protein family. [provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

TMTC1 Gene

transmembrane and tetratricopeptide repeat containing 1

CFTRP1 Gene

cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator pseudogene 1

LRRTM4 Gene

leucine rich repeat transmembrane neuronal 4

LRRTM1 Gene

leucine rich repeat transmembrane neuronal 1

LRRTM3 Gene

leucine rich repeat transmembrane neuronal 3

LRRTM2 Gene

leucine rich repeat transmembrane neuronal 2

SEMA6D Gene

sema domain, transmembrane domain (TM), and cytoplasmic domain, (semaphorin) 6D

Semaphorins are a large family, including both secreted and membrane associated proteins, many of which have been implicated as inhibitors or chemorepellents in axon pathfinding, fasciculation and branching, and target selection. All semaphorins possess a semaphorin (Sema) domain and a PSI domain (found in plexins, semaphorins and integrins) in the N-terminal extracellular portion. Additional sequence motifs C-terminal to the semaphorin domain allow classification into distinct subfamilies. Results demonstrate that transmembrane semaphorins, like the secreted ones, can act as repulsive axon guidance cues. This gene encodes a class 6 vertebrate transmembrane semaphorin that demonstrates alternative splicing. Several transcript variants have been identified and expression of the distinct encoded isoforms is thought to be regulated in a tissue- and development-dependent manner. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2010]

SEMA6B Gene

sema domain, transmembrane domain (TM), and cytoplasmic domain, (semaphorin) 6B

This gene encodes a member of the semaphorin family, a group of proteins characterized by the presence of a conserved semaphorin (sema) domain. Whereas some semaphorins are transmembrane proteins, others are secreted. Semaphorins play a major role in axon guidance. The protein encoded by this gene may be involved in both peripheral and central nervous system development. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SEMA6C Gene

sema domain, transmembrane domain (TM), and cytoplasmic domain, (semaphorin) 6C

This gene encodes a member of the semaphorin family. Semaphorins represent important molecular signals controlling multiple aspects of the cellular response that follows CNS injury, and thus may play an important role in neural regeneration. [provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

SEMA6A Gene

sema domain, transmembrane domain (TM), and cytoplasmic domain, (semaphorin) 6A

The transmembrane semaphorin SEMA6A is expressed in developing neural tissue and is required for proper development of the thalamocortical projection (Leighton et al., 2001 [PubMed 11242070]).[supplied by OMIM, Feb 2011]

POM121C Gene

POM121 transmembrane nucleoporin C

LOC100287541 Gene

POM121 transmembrane nucleoporin pseudogene

LAX1 Gene

lymphocyte transmembrane adaptor 1

TMPRSS11A Gene

transmembrane protease, serine 11A

TMPRSS11B Gene

transmembrane protease, serine 11B

TMPRSS11D Gene

transmembrane protease, serine 11D

This gene encodes a trypsin-like serine protease released from the submucosal serous glands onto mucous membrane. It is a type II integral membrane protein and has 29-38% identity in the sequence of the catalytic region with human hepsin, enteropeptidase, acrosin, and mast cell tryptase. The noncatalytic region has little similarity to other known proteins. This protein may play some biological role in the host defense system on the mucous membrane independently of or in cooperation with other substances in airway mucous or bronchial secretions. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TMPRSS11E Gene

transmembrane protease, serine 11E

TMPRSS11F Gene

transmembrane protease, serine 11F

LOC100420958 Gene

transmembrane 9 superfamily member 2 pseudogene

TM6SF1 Gene

transmembrane 6 superfamily member 1

TM6SF2 Gene

transmembrane 6 superfamily member 2

SECTM1 Gene

secreted and transmembrane 1

This gene encodes a transmembrane and secreted protein with characteristics of a type 1a transmembrane protein. It is found in a perinuclear Golgi-like pattern and thought to be involved in hematopoietic and/or immune system processes. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TMIE Gene

transmembrane inner ear

This gene encodes a transmembrane inner ear protein. Studies in mouse suggest that this gene is required for normal postnatal maturation of sensory hair cells in the cochlea, including correct development of stereocilia bundles. This gene is one of multiple genes responsible for recessive non-syndromic deafness (DFNB), also known as autosomal recessive nonsyndromic hearing loss (ARNSHL), the most common form of congenitally acquired inherited hearing impairment. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2009]

CMTM7 Gene

CKLF-like MARVEL transmembrane domain containing 7

This gene belongs to the chemokine-like factor gene superfamily, a novel family that is similar to the chemokine and transmembrane 4 superfamilies. This gene is one of several chemokine-like factor genes located in a cluster on chromosome 3. The protein encoded by this gene is highly expressed in leukocytes, but its exact function is unknown. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TPTE2P5 Gene

transmembrane phosphoinositide 3-phosphatase and tensin homolog 2 pseudogene 5

PRRG4 Gene

proline rich Gla (G-carboxyglutamic acid) 4 (transmembrane)

PRRG3 Gene

proline rich Gla (G-carboxyglutamic acid) 3 (transmembrane)

This gene encodes a protein which contains a vitamin K-dependent carboxylation/gamma-carboxyglutamic domain. The encoded protein is a member of a family of vitamin K-dependent transmembrane proteins which contain a glutamate-rich extracellular domain. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2011]

POM121L6P Gene

POM121 transmembrane nucleoporin-like 6 pseudogene

TMCO1 Gene

transmembrane and coiled-coil domains 1

This locus encodes a transmembrane protein. Mutations at this locus have been associated with craniofacial dysmorphism, skeletal anomalies, and mental retardation. Mutations at this locus have also been associated with open angle glaucoma blindness. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2012]

TMCO2 Gene

transmembrane and coiled-coil domains 2

TMCO4 Gene

transmembrane and coiled-coil domains 4

TMCO6 Gene

transmembrane and coiled-coil domains 6

LRIT2 Gene

leucine-rich repeat, immunoglobulin-like and transmembrane domains 2

LRIT3 Gene

leucine-rich repeat, immunoglobulin-like and transmembrane domains 3

This gene encodes a protein that has a fibronectin type III domain and a C-terminal transmembrane domain, as well as a leucine-rich repeat domain and immunoglobulin-like domain near the N-terminus. The encoded protein may regulate fibroblast growth factor receptors and affect the modification of these receptors, which are glycosylated differently in the Golgi and endoplasmic reticulum. Mutations in this gene are associated with congenital stationary night blindness, type 1F. [provided by RefSeq, May 2013]

LRIT1 Gene

leucine-rich repeat, immunoglobulin-like and transmembrane domains 1

TPTE Gene

transmembrane phosphatase with tensin homology

This gene encodes a PTEN-related tyrosine phosphatase which may play a role in the signal transduction pathways of the endocrine or spermatogenic function of the testis. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2014]

CFTR Gene

cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (ATP-binding cassette sub-family C, member 7)

This gene encodes a member of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter superfamily. ABC proteins transport various molecules across extra- and intra-cellular membranes. ABC genes are divided into seven distinct subfamilies (ABC1, MDR/TAP, MRP, ALD, OABP, GCN20, White). This protein is a member of the MRP subfamily that is involved in multi-drug resistance. The encoded protein functions as a chloride channel and controls the regulation of other transport pathways. Mutations in this gene are associated with the autosomal recessive disorders cystic fibrosis and congenital bilateral aplasia of the vas deferens. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described, many of which result from mutations in this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

POM121L10P Gene

POM121 transmembrane nucleoporin-like 10, pseudogene

LOC100379290 Gene

transmembrane and coiled-coil domain family 1 pseudogene

POM121L14P Gene

POM121 transmembrane nucleoporin-like 14, pseudogene

TMPRSS9 Gene

transmembrane protease, serine 9

TMPRSS2 Gene

transmembrane protease, serine 2

This gene encodes a protein that belongs to the serine protease family. The encoded protein contains a type II transmembrane domain, a receptor class A domain, a scavenger receptor cysteine-rich domain and a protease domain. Serine proteases are known to be involved in many physiological and pathological processes. This gene was demonstrated to be up-regulated by androgenic hormones in prostate cancer cells and down-regulated in androgen-independent prostate cancer tissue. The protease domain of this protein is thought to be cleaved and secreted into cell media after autocleavage. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2008]

TMPRSS3 Gene

transmembrane protease, serine 3

This gene encodes a protein that belongs to the serine protease family. The encoded protein contains a serine protease domain, a transmembrane domain, an LDL receptor-like domain, and a scavenger receptor cysteine-rich domain. Serine proteases are known to be involved in a variety of biological processes, whose malfunction often leads to human diseases and disorders. This gene was identified by its association with both congenital and childhood onset autosomal recessive deafness. This gene is expressed in fetal cochlea and many other tissues, and is thought to be involved in the development and maintenance of the inner ear or the contents of the perilymph and endolymph. This gene was also identified as a tumor-associated gene that is overexpressed in ovarian tumors. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2012]

TMPRSS4 Gene

transmembrane protease, serine 4

This gene encodes a member of the serine protease family. Serine proteases are known to be involved in a variety of biological processes, whose malfunction often leads to human diseases and disorders. This gene was identified as a gene overexpressed in pancreatic carcinoma. The encoded protein is membrane bound with a N-terminal anchor sequence and a glycosylated extracellular region containing the serine protease domain. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TMPRSS5 Gene

transmembrane protease, serine 5

This gene encodes a protein that belongs to the serine protease family. Serine proteases are known to be involved in many physiological and pathological processes. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2014]

TMPRSS6 Gene

transmembrane protease, serine 6

The protein encoded by this gene is a type II transmembrane serine proteinase that is found attached to the cell surface. The encoded protein may be involved in matrix remodeling processes in the liver. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2014]

TMPRSS7 Gene

transmembrane protease, serine 7

LOC100422730 Gene

sema domain, seven thrombospondin repeats (type 1 and type 1-like), transmembrane domain (TM) and short cytoplasmic domain, (semaphorin) 5A pseudogene

TMIGD1 Gene

transmembrane and immunoglobulin domain containing 1

POM121L7 Gene

POM121 transmembrane nucleoporin-like 7

POM121L2 Gene

POM121 transmembrane nucleoporin-like 2

TPTE2P2 Gene

transmembrane phosphoinositide 3-phosphatase and tensin homolog 2 pseudogene 2

TPTE2P3 Gene

transmembrane phosphoinositide 3-phosphatase and tensin homolog 2 pseudogene 3

TPTE2P1 Gene

transmembrane phosphoinositide 3-phosphatase and tensin homolog 2 pseudogene 1

TPTE2P6 Gene

transmembrane phosphoinositide 3-phosphatase and tensin homolog 2 pseudogene 6

TPTE2P4 Gene

transmembrane phosphoinositide 3-phosphatase and tensin homolog 2 pseudogene 4

POM121L3P Gene

POM121 transmembrane nucleoporin-like 3, pseudogene

SEMA4A Gene

sema domain, immunoglobulin domain (Ig), transmembrane domain (TM) and short cytoplasmic domain, (semaphorin) 4A

This gene encodes a member of the semaphorin family of soluble and transmembrane proteins. Semaphorins are involved in numerous functions, including axon guidance, morphogenesis, carcinogenesis, and immunomodulation. The encoded protein is a single-pass type I membrane protein containing an immunoglobulin-like C2-type domain, a PSI domain and a sema domain. It inhibits axonal extension by providing local signals to specify territories inaccessible for growing axons. It is an activator of T-cell-mediated immunity and suppresses vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-mediated endothelial cell migration and proliferation in vitro and angiogenesis in vivo. Mutations in this gene are associated with retinal degenerative diseases including retinitis pigmentosa type 35 (RP35) and cone-rod dystrophy type 10 (CORD10). Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified.[provided by RefSeq, Sep 2010]

SEMA4B Gene

sema domain, immunoglobulin domain (Ig), transmembrane domain (TM) and short cytoplasmic domain, (semaphorin) 4B

SEMA4C Gene

sema domain, immunoglobulin domain (Ig), transmembrane domain (TM) and short cytoplasmic domain, (semaphorin) 4C

SEMA4D Gene

sema domain, immunoglobulin domain (Ig), transmembrane domain (TM) and short cytoplasmic domain, (semaphorin) 4D

SEMA4F Gene

sema domain, immunoglobulin domain (Ig), transmembrane domain (TM) and short cytoplasmic domain, (semaphorin) 4F

This gene encodes a transmembrane class IV semaphorin family protein, which plays a role in neural development. This gene may be involved in neurogenesis in prostate cancer, the development of neurofibromas, and breast cancer tumorigenesis. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2012]

SEMA4G Gene

sema domain, immunoglobulin domain (Ig), transmembrane domain (TM) and short cytoplasmic domain, (semaphorin) 4G

Semaphorins are a large family of conserved secreted and membrane associated proteins which possess a semaphorin (Sema) domain and a PSI domain (found in plexins, semaphorins and integrins) in the N-terminal extracellular portion. Based on sequence and structural similarities, semaphorins are put into eight classes: invertebrates contain classes 1 and 2, viruses have class V, and vertebrates contain classes 3-7. Semaphorins serve as axon guidance ligands via multimeric receptor complexes, some (if not all) containing plexin proteins. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2011]

TMCO3 Gene

transmembrane and coiled-coil domains 3

TP53I3 Gene

tumor protein p53 inducible protein 3

The protein encoded by this gene is similar to oxidoreductases, which are enzymes involved in cellular responses to oxidative stresses and irradiation. This gene is induced by the tumor suppressor p53 and is thought to be involved in p53-mediated cell death. It contains a p53 consensus binding site in its promoter region and a downstream pentanucleotide microsatellite sequence. P53 has been shown to transcriptionally activate this gene by interacting with the downstream pentanucleotide microsatellite sequence. The microsatellite is polymorphic, with a varying number of pentanucleotide repeats directly correlated with the extent of transcriptional activation by p53. It has been suggested that the microsatellite polymorphism may be associated with differential susceptibility to cancer. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2011]

LOC100533940 Gene

poly(A) binding protein interacting protein 1 pseudogene

LOC101927309 Gene

BCL2/adenovirus E1B 19 kDa protein-interacting protein 3-like

LOC100288073 Gene

heat shock 70kDa protein 5 (glucose-regulated protein, 78kDa) pseudogene

G3BP1 Gene

GTPase activating protein (SH3 domain) binding protein 1

This gene encodes one of the DNA-unwinding enzymes which prefers partially unwound 3'-tailed substrates and can also unwind partial RNA/DNA and RNA/RNA duplexes in an ATP-dependent fashion. This enzyme is a member of the heterogeneous nuclear RNA-binding proteins and is also an element of the Ras signal transduction pathway. It binds specifically to the Ras-GTPase-activating protein by associating with its SH3 domain. Several alternatively spliced transcript variants of this gene have been described, but the full-length nature of some of these variants has not been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

RASA1 Gene

RAS p21 protein activator (GTPase activating protein) 1

The protein encoded by this gene is located in the cytoplasm and is part of the GAP1 family of GTPase-activating proteins. The gene product stimulates the GTPase activity of normal RAS p21 but not its oncogenic counterpart. Acting as a suppressor of RAS function, the protein enhances the weak intrinsic GTPase activity of RAS proteins resulting in the inactive GDP-bound form of RAS, thereby allowing control of cellular proliferation and differentiation. Mutations leading to changes in the binding sites of either protein are associated with basal cell carcinomas. Mutations also have been associated with hereditary capillary malformations (CM) with or without arteriovenous malformations (AVM) and Parkes Weber syndrome. Alternative splicing results in two isoforms where the shorter isoform, lacking the N-terminal hydrophobic region but retaining the same activity, appears to be abundantly expressed in placental but not adult tissues. [provided by RefSeq, May 2012]

PPFIA4 Gene

protein tyrosine phosphatase, receptor type, f polypeptide (PTPRF), interacting protein (liprin), alpha 4

PPFIA4, or liprin-alpha-4, belongs to the liprin-alpha gene family. See liprin-alpha-1 (LIP1, or PPFIA1; MIM 611054) for background on liprins.[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

LOC101928777 Gene

BCL2/adenovirus E1B 19 kDa protein-interacting protein 3 pseudogene

LOC644172 Gene

mitogen-activated protein kinase 8 interacting protein 1 pseudogene

LOC644909 Gene

ligand of numb-protein X 1, E3 ubiquitin protein ligase pseudogene

MYCBP2 Gene

MYC binding protein 2, E3 ubiquitin protein ligase

MAPKAPK5 Gene

mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated protein kinase 5

The protein encoded by this gene is a tumor suppressor and member of the serine/threonine kinase family. In response to cellular stress and proinflammatory cytokines, this kinase is activated through its phosphorylation by MAP kinases including MAPK1/ERK, MAPK14/p38-alpha, and MAPK11/p38-beta. The encoded protein is found in the nucleus but translocates to the cytoplasm upon phosphorylation and activation. This kinase phosphorylates heat shock protein HSP27 at its physiologically relevant sites. Two alternately spliced transcript variants of this gene encoding distinct isoforms have been reported. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2012]

MAPKAPK3 Gene

mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated protein kinase 3

This gene encodes a member of the Ser/Thr protein kinase family. This kinase functions as a mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAP kinase)- activated protein kinase. MAP kinases are also known as extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs), act as an integration point for multiple biochemical signals. This kinase was shown to be activated by growth inducers and stress stimulation of cells. In vitro studies demonstrated that ERK, p38 MAP kinase and Jun N-terminal kinase were all able to phosphorylate and activate this kinase, which suggested the role of this kinase as an integrative element of signaling in both mitogen and stress responses. This kinase was reported to interact with, phosphorylate and repress the activity of E47, which is a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor known to be involved in the regulation of tissue-specific gene expression and cell differentiation. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants that encode the same protein. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2011]

MAPKAPK2 Gene

mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated protein kinase 2

This gene encodes a member of the Ser/Thr protein kinase family. This kinase is regulated through direct phosphorylation by p38 MAP kinase. In conjunction with p38 MAP kinase, this kinase is known to be involved in many cellular processes including stress and inflammatory responses, nuclear export, gene expression regulation and cell proliferation. Heat shock protein HSP27 was shown to be one of the substrates of this kinase in vivo. Two transcript variants encoding two different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GNG5P4 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), gamma 5 pseudogene 4

TP53I11 Gene

tumor protein p53 inducible protein 11

RNF128 Gene

ring finger protein 128, E3 ubiquitin protein ligase

The protein encoded by this gene is a type I transmembrane protein that localizes to the endocytic pathway. This protein contains a RING zinc-finger motif and has been shown to possess E3 ubiquitin ligase activity. Expression of this gene in retrovirally transduced T cell hybridoma significantly inhibits activation-induced IL2 and IL4 cytokine production. Induced expression of this gene was observed in anergic CD4(+) T cells, which suggested a role in the induction of anergic phenotype. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been reported. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

RNF125 Gene

ring finger protein 125, E3 ubiquitin protein ligase

This gene encodes a novel E3 ubiquitin ligase that contains a RING finger domain in the N-terminus and three zinc-binding and one ubiquitin-interacting motif in the C-terminus. As a result of myristoylation, this protein associates with membranes and is primarily localized to intracellular membrane systems. The encoded protein may function as a positive regulator in the T-cell receptor signaling pathway. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2012]

MAPK1IP1L Gene

mitogen-activated protein kinase 1 interacting protein 1-like

GNG10P1 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), gamma 10 pseudogene 1

APBB1IP Gene

amyloid beta (A4) precursor protein-binding, family B, member 1 interacting protein

GNG5P1 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), gamma 5 pseudogene 1

GNG5P3 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), gamma 5 pseudogene 3

GNG5P2 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), gamma 5 pseudogene 2

GNG5P5 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), gamma 5 pseudogene 5

LOC100422713 Gene

protein tyrosine phosphatase, receptor type, f polypeptide (PTPRF), interacting protein (liprin), alpha 1 pseudogene

LOC100422710 Gene

protein tyrosine phosphatase, receptor type, f polypeptide (PTPRF), interacting protein (liprin), alpha 1 pseudogene

TP53I13 Gene

tumor protein p53 inducible protein 13

PTPRCAP Gene

protein tyrosine phosphatase, receptor type, C-associated protein

The protein encoded by this gene was identified as a transmembrane phosphoprotein specifically associated with tyrosine phosphatase PTPRC/CD45, a key regulator of T- and B-lymphocyte activation. The interaction with PTPRC may be required for the stable expression of this protein. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC101927789 Gene

putative ubiquitin-like protein FUBI-like protein ENSP00000310146

MAPKBP1 Gene

mitogen-activated protein kinase binding protein 1

LOC102724042 Gene

BCL2/adenovirus E1B 19 kDa protein-interacting protein 3 pseudogene

GNB2L1 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), beta polypeptide 2-like 1

TP53BP1 Gene

tumor protein p53 binding protein 1

TP53BP2 Gene

tumor protein p53 binding protein 2

This gene encodes a member of the ASPP (apoptosis-stimulating protein of p53) family of p53 interacting proteins. The protein contains four ankyrin repeats and an SH3 domain involved in protein-protein interactions. It is localized to the perinuclear region of the cytoplasm, and regulates apoptosis and cell growth through interactions with other regulatory molecules including members of the p53 family. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC102723528 Gene

BCL2/adenovirus E1B 19 kDa protein-interacting protein 3 pseudogene

MAPK8IPP Gene

mitogen-activated protein kinase 8 interacting protein, pseudogene

LOC346329 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), alpha 11 (Gq class) pseudogene

RNF138P1 Gene

ring finger protein 138, E3 ubiquitin protein ligase pseudogene 1

LRPAP1 Gene

low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein associated protein 1

This gene encodes a protein that interacts with the low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor-related protein and facilitates its proper folding and localization by preventing the binding of ligands. Mutations in this gene have been identified in individuals with myopia 23. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2013]

LOC100287794 Gene

double homeobox protein 4-like protein 4

GNA14 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), alpha 14

This gene encodes a member of the guanine nucleotide-binding, or G protein family. G proteins are heterotrimers consisting of alpha, beta and gamma subunits. The encoded protein is a member of the alpha family of G proteins, more specifically the alpha q subfamily of G proteins. The encoded protein may play a role in pertussis-toxin resistant activation of phospholipase C-beta and its downstream effectors.[provided by RefSeq, Feb 2009]

GNA15 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), alpha 15 (Gq class)

GNA12 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein) alpha 12

GNA13 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), alpha 13

GNA11 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), alpha 11 (Gq class)

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the family of guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins), which function as modulators or transducers in various transmembrane signaling systems. G proteins are composed of 3 units: alpha, beta and gamma. This gene encodes one of the alpha subunits (subunit alpha-11). Mutations in this gene have been associated with hypocalciuric hypercalcemia type II (HHC2) and hypocalcemia dominant 2 (HYPOC2). Patients with HHC2 and HYPOC2 exhibit decreased or increased sensitivity, respectively, to changes in extracellular calcium concentrations. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2013]

PRKCDBP Gene

protein kinase C, delta binding protein

The protein encoded by this gene was identified as a binding protein of the protein kinase C, delta (PRKCD). The expression of this gene in cultured cell lines is strongly induced by serum starvation. The expression of this protein was found to be down-regulated in various cancer cell lines, suggesting the possible tumor suppressor function of this protein. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TP53AIP1 Gene

tumor protein p53 regulated apoptosis inducing protein 1

This gene is specifically expressed in the thymus, and encodes a protein that is localized to the mitochondrion. The expression of this gene is inducible by p53, and it is thought to play an important role in mediating p53-dependent apoptosis. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2011]

NUFIP2 Gene

nuclear fragile X mental retardation protein interacting protein 2

NUFIP1 Gene

nuclear fragile X mental retardation protein interacting protein 1

This gene encodes a nuclear RNA binding protein that contains a C2H2 zinc finger motif and a nuclear localization signal. This protein is associated with the nuclear matrix in perichromatin fibrils and, in neurons, localizes to the cytoplasm in association with endoplasmic reticulum ribosomes. This protein interacts with the fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP), the tumor suppressor protein BRCA1, upregulates RNA polymerase II transcription, and is involved in box C/D snoRNP biogenesis. A pseudogene of this gene resides on chromosome 6q12. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2012]

RNF19A Gene

ring finger protein 19A, RBR E3 ubiquitin protein ligase

This gene encodes a member of the ring between ring fingers (RBR) protein family, and the encoded protein contains two RING-finger motifs and an in between RING fingers motif. This protein is an E3 ubiquitin ligase that is localized to Lewy bodies, and ubiquitylates synphilin-1, which is an interacting protein of alpha synuclein in neurons. The encoded protein may be involved in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and Parkinson's disease. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2013]

GNG7 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), gamma 7

GNG4 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), gamma 4

GNG5 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), gamma 5

G proteins are trimeric (alpha-beta-gamma) membrane-associated proteins that regulate flow of information from cell surface receptors to a variety of internal metabolic effectors. Interaction of a G protein with its activated receptor promotes exchange of GTP for GDP that is bound to the alpha subunit. The alpha-GTP complex dissociates from the beta-gamma heterodimer so that the subunits, in turn, may interact with and regulate effector molecules (Gilman, 1987 [PubMed 3113327]; summary by Ahmad et al., 1995) [PubMed 7606925].[supplied by OMIM, Nov 2010]

GNG2 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), gamma 2

This gene encodes one of the gamma subunits of a guanine nucleotide-binding protein. Such proteins are involved in signaling mechanisms across membranes. Various subunits forms heterodimers which then interact with the different signal molecules. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2011]

GNG3 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), gamma 3

Guanine nucleotide binding proteins are heterotrimeric signal-transducing molecules consisting of alpha, beta, and gamma subunits. The gamma subunit determines the specificity of which signaling pathways will be affected by this particular complex. The protein encoded by this gene represents the gamma subunit of both inhibitory and stimulatory complexes. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2012]

GNG8 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), gamma 8

LOC101930078 Gene

double homeobox protein 4-like protein 4

VAPB Gene

VAMP (vesicle-associated membrane protein)-associated protein B and C

The protein encoded by this gene is a type IV membrane protein found in plasma and intracellular vesicle membranes. The encoded protein is found as a homodimer and as a heterodimer with VAPA. This protein also can interact with VAMP1 and VAMP2 and may be involved in vesicle trafficking. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

VAPA Gene

VAMP (vesicle-associated membrane protein)-associated protein A, 33kDa

The protein encoded by this gene is a type IV membrane protein. It is present in the plasma membrane and intracellular vesicles. It may also be associated with the cytoskeleton. This protein may function in vesicle trafficking, membrane fusion, protein complex assembly and cell motility. Alternative splicing occurs at this locus and two transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SKP2 Gene

S-phase kinase-associated protein 2, E3 ubiquitin protein ligase

This gene encodes a member of the F-box protein family which is characterized by an approximately 40 amino acid motif, the F-box. The F-box proteins constitute one of the four subunits of ubiquitin protein ligase complex called SCFs (SKP1-cullin-F-box), which function in phosphorylation-dependent ubiquitination. The F-box proteins are divided into 3 classes: Fbws containing WD-40 domains, Fbls containing leucine-rich repeats, and Fbxs containing either different protein-protein interaction modules or no recognizable motifs. The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the Fbls class; in addition to an F-box, this protein contains 10 tandem leucine-rich repeats. This protein is an essential element of the cyclin A-CDK2 S-phase kinase. It specifically recognizes phosphorylated cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B, also referred to as p27 or KIP1) predominantly in S phase and interacts with S-phase kinase-associated protein 1 (SKP1 or p19). In addition, this gene is established as a protooncogene causally involved in the pathogenesis of lymphomas. Alternative splicing of this gene generates three transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2011]

LOC101060346 Gene

T-complex protein 11 X-linked protein 2-like

LOC101928467 Gene

BCL2/adenovirus E1B 19 kDa protein-interacting protein 3 pseudogene

PPFIBP1 Gene

PTPRF interacting protein, binding protein 1 (liprin beta 1)

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the LAR protein-tyrosine phosphatase-interacting protein (liprin) family. Liprins interact with members of LAR family of transmembrane protein tyrosine phosphatases, which are known to be important for axon guidance and mammary gland development. It has been proposed that liprins are multivalent proteins that form complex structures and act as scaffolds for the recruitment and anchoring of LAR family of tyrosine phosphatases. This protein was found to interact with S100A4, a calcium-binding protein related to tumor invasiveness and metastasis. In vitro experiment demonstrated that the interaction inhibited the phosphorylation of this protein by protein kinase C and protein kinase CK2. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been reported. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PPFIBP2 Gene

PTPRF interacting protein, binding protein 2 (liprin beta 2)

This gene encodes a member of the LAR protein-tyrosine phosphatase-interacting protein (liprin) family. The encoded protein is a beta liprin and plays a role in axon guidance and neuronal synapse development by recruiting LAR protein-tyrosine phosphatases to the plasma membrane. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2012]

LOC728098 Gene

mitogen-activated protein kinase 1 interacting protein 1-like pseudogene

LCP2 Gene

lymphocyte cytosolic protein 2 (SH2 domain containing leukocyte protein of 76kDa)

SLP-76 was originally identified as a substrate of the ZAP-70 protein tyrosine kinase following T cell receptor (TCR) ligation in the leukemic T cell line Jurkat. The SLP-76 locus has been localized to human chromosome 5q33 and the gene structure has been partially characterized in mice. The human and murine cDNAs both encode 533 amino acid proteins that are 72% identical and comprised of three modular domains. The NH2-terminus contains an acidic region that includes a PEST domain and several tyrosine residues which are phosphorylated following TCR ligation. SLP-76 also contains a central proline-rich domain and a COOH-terminal SH2 domain. A number of additional proteins have been identified that associate with SLP-76 both constitutively and inducibly following receptor ligation, supporting the notion that SLP-76 functions as an adaptor or scaffold protein. Studies using SLP-76 deficient T cell lines or mice have provided strong evidence that SLP-76 plays a positive role in promoting T cell development and activation as well as mast cell and platelet function. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GNAQP1 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), q polypeptide pseudogene 1

MAPK8IP1 Gene

mitogen-activated protein kinase 8 interacting protein 1

This gene encodes a regulator of the pancreatic beta-cell function. It is highly similar to JIP-1, a mouse protein known to be a regulator of c-Jun amino-terminal kinase (Mapk8). This protein has been shown to prevent MAPK8 mediated activation of transcription factors, and to decrease IL-1 beta and MAP kinase kinase 1 (MEKK1) induced apoptosis in pancreatic beta cells. This protein also functions as a DNA-binding transactivator of the glucose transporter GLUT2. RE1-silencing transcription factor (REST) is reported to repress the expression of this gene in insulin-secreting beta cells. This gene is found to be mutated in a type 2 diabetes family, and thus is thought to be a susceptibility gene for type 2 diabetes. [provided by RefSeq, May 2011]

MAPK8IP2 Gene

mitogen-activated protein kinase 8 interacting protein 2

The protein encoded by this gene is closely related to MAPK8IP1/IB1/JIP-1, a scaffold protein that is involved in the c-Jun amino-terminal kinase signaling pathway. This protein is expressed in brain and pancreatic cells. It has been shown to interact with, and regulate the activity of MAPK8/JNK1, and MAP2K7/MKK7 kinases. This protein thus is thought to function as a regulator of signal transduction by protein kinase cascade in brain and pancreatic beta-cells. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2014]

MAPK8IP3 Gene

mitogen-activated protein kinase 8 interacting protein 3

The protein encoded by this gene shares similarity with the product of Drosophila syd gene, required for the functional interaction of kinesin I with axonal cargo. Studies of the similar gene in mouse suggested that this protein may interact with, and regulate the activity of numerous protein kinases of the JNK signaling pathway, and thus function as a scaffold protein in neuronal cells. The C. elegans counterpart of this gene is found to regulate synaptic vesicle transport possibly by integrating JNK signaling and kinesin-1 transport. Several alternatively spliced transcript variants of this gene have been described, but the full-length nature of some of these variants has not been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PAIP1P1 Gene

poly(A) binding protein interacting protein 1 pseudogene 1

LOC105373377 Gene

putative paraneoplastic antigen-like protein 6B-like protein LOC649238

GNB5 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), beta 5

Heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins), which integrate signals between receptors and effector proteins, are composed of an alpha, a beta, and a gamma subunit. These subunits are encoded by families of related genes. This gene encodes a beta subunit. Beta subunits are important regulators of alpha subunits, as well as of certain signal transduction receptors and effectors. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms exist. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GNB4 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), beta polypeptide 4

Heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins), which integrate signals between receptors and effector proteins, are composed of an alpha, a beta, and a gamma subunit. These subunits are encoded by families of related genes. This gene encodes a beta subunit. Beta subunits are important regulators of alpha subunits, as well as of certain signal transduction receptors and effectors. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GNB1 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), beta polypeptide 1

Heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins), which integrate signals between receptors and effector proteins, are composed of an alpha, a beta, and a gamma subunit. These subunits are encoded by families of related genes. This gene encodes a beta subunit. Beta subunits are important regulators of alpha subunits, as well as of certain signal transduction receptors and effectors. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2013]

GNB3 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), beta polypeptide 3

Heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins), which integrate signals between receptors and effector proteins, are composed of an alpha, a beta, and a gamma subunit. These subunits are encoded by families of related genes. This gene encodes a beta subunit which belongs to the WD repeat G protein beta family. Beta subunits are important regulators of alpha subunits, as well as of certain signal transduction receptors and effectors. A single-nucleotide polymorphism (C825T) in this gene is associated with essential hypertension and obesity. This polymorphism is also associated with the occurrence of the splice variant GNB3-s, which appears to have increased activity. GNB3-s is an example of alternative splicing caused by a nucleotide change outside of the splice donor and acceptor sites. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. Additional alternatively spliced transcript variants of this gene have been described, but their full-length nature is not known. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2014]

GNB2 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), beta polypeptide 2

Heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins), which integrate signals between receptors and effector proteins, are composed of an alpha, a beta, and a gamma subunit. These subunits are encoded by families of related genes. This gene encodes a beta subunit. Beta subunits are important regulators of alpha subunits, as well as of certain signal transduction receptors and effectors. This gene contains a trinucleotide (CCG) repeat length polymorphism in its 5' UTR. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PAIP2 Gene

poly(A) binding protein interacting protein 2

PAIP1 Gene

poly(A) binding protein interacting protein 1

The protein encoded by this gene interacts with poly(A)-binding protein and with the cap-binding complex eIF4A. It is involved in translational initiation and protein biosynthesis. Overexpression of this gene in COS7 cells stimulates translation. Alternative splicing occurs at this locus and three transcript variants encoding three distinct isoforms have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

NUFIP1P Gene

nuclear fragile X mental retardation protein interacting protein 1 pseudogene

GPRASP2 Gene

G protein-coupled receptor associated sorting protein 2

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of a family that regulates the activity of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). The encoded protein has been shown to be capable of interacting with several GPCRs, including the M1 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor and the calcitonin receptor. Several transcript variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

GPRASP1 Gene

G protein-coupled receptor associated sorting protein 1

This gene encodes a member of the GPRASP (G protein-coupled receptor associated sorting protein) family. The protein may modulate lysosomal sorting and functional down-regulation of a variety of G-protein coupled receptors. It targets receptors for degradation in lysosomes. The receptors interacting with this sorting protein include D2 dopamine receptor (DRD2), delta opioid receptor (OPRD1), beta-2 adrenergic receptor (ADRB2), D4 dopamine receptor (DRD4) and cannabinoid 1 receptor (CB1R). Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same protein have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

GNAI2P2 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), alpha inhibiting activity polypeptide 2 pseudogene 2

GNAI2P1 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), alpha inhibiting activity polypeptide 2 pseudogene 1

TP53BP2P1 Gene

tumor protein p53 binding protein 2 pseudogene 1

RNF138P2 Gene

ring finger protein 138, E3 ubiquitin protein ligase pseudogene 2

LOC648044 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), gamma 12-like

MAP3K1 Gene

mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase 1, E3 ubiquitin protein ligase

The protein encoded by this gene is a serine/threonine kinase and is part of some signal transduction cascades, including the ERK and JNK kinase pathways as well as the NF-kappa-B pathway. The encoded protein is activated by autophosphorylation and requires magnesium as a cofactor in phosphorylating other proteins. This protein has E3 ligase activity conferred by a plant homeodomain (PHD) in its N-terminus and phospho-kinase activity conferred by a kinase domain in its C-terminus. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2012]

APPBP2 Gene

amyloid beta precursor protein (cytoplasmic tail) binding protein 2

The protein encoded by this gene interacts with microtubules and is functionally associated with beta-amyloid precursor protein transport and/or processing. The beta-amyloid precursor protein is a cell surface protein with signal-transducing properties, and it is thought to play a role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. The encoded protein may be involved in regulating cell death. This gene has been found to be highly expressed in breast cancer. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2013]

RAMP1 Gene

receptor (G protein-coupled) activity modifying protein 1

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the RAMP family of single-transmembrane-domain proteins, called receptor (calcitonin) activity modifying proteins (RAMPs). RAMPs are type I transmembrane proteins with an extracellular N terminus and a cytoplasmic C terminus. RAMPs are required to transport calcitonin-receptor-like receptor (CRLR) to the plasma membrane. CRLR, a receptor with seven transmembrane domains, can function as either a calcitonin-gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptor or an adrenomedullin receptor, depending on which members of the RAMP family are expressed. In the presence of this (RAMP1) protein, CRLR functions as a CGRP receptor. The RAMP1 protein is involved in the terminal glycosylation, maturation, and presentation of the CGRP receptor to the cell surface. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2015]

RAMP3 Gene

receptor (G protein-coupled) activity modifying protein 3

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the RAMP family of single-transmembrane-domain proteins, called receptor (calcitonin) activity modifying proteins (RAMPs). RAMPs are type I transmembrane proteins with an extracellular N terminus and a cytoplasmic C terminus. RAMPs are required to transport calcitonin-receptor-like receptor (CRLR) to the plasma membrane. CRLR, a receptor with seven transmembrane domains, can function as either a calcitonin-gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptor or an adrenomedullin receptor, depending on which members of the RAMP family are expressed. In the presence of this (RAMP3) protein, CRLR functions as an adrenomedullin receptor. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

RAMP2 Gene

receptor (G protein-coupled) activity modifying protein 2

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the RAMP family of single-transmembrane-domain proteins, called receptor (calcitonin) activity modifying proteins (RAMPs). RAMPs are type I transmembrane proteins with an extracellular N terminus and a cytoplasmic C terminus. RAMPs are required to transport calcitonin-receptor-like receptor (CRLR) to the plasma membrane. CRLR, a receptor with seven transmembrane domains, can function as either a calcitonin-gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptor or an adrenomedullin receptor, depending on which members of the RAMP family are expressed. In the presence of this (RAMP2) protein, CRLR functions as an adrenomedullin receptor. The RAMP2 protein is involved in core glycosylation and transportation of adrenomedullin receptor to the cell surface. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TP53INP1 Gene

tumor protein p53 inducible nuclear protein 1

TP53INP2 Gene

tumor protein p53 inducible nuclear protein 2

RNF34 Gene

ring finger protein 34, E3 ubiquitin protein ligase

The protein encoded by this gene contains a RINF finger, a motif known to be involved in protein-protein and protein-DNA interactions. This protein interacts with DNAJA3/hTid-1, which is a DnaJ protein reported to function as a modulator of apoptosis. Overexpression of this gene in Hela cells was shown to confer the resistance to TNF-alpha induced apoptosis, suggesting an anti-apoptotic function of this protein. This protein can be cleaved by caspase-3 during the induction of apoptosis. This protein also targets p53 and phospho-p53 for degradation. Alternatively splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2012]

TP53COR1 Gene

tumor protein p53 pathway corepressor 1 (non-protein coding)

LOC100130500 Gene

S-phase kinase-associated protein 2, E3 ubiquitin protein ligase pseudogene

LOC100533943 Gene

poly(A) binding protein interacting protein 1 pseudogene

LOC100533942 Gene

poly(A) binding protein interacting protein 1 pseudogene

LOC100533941 Gene

poly(A) binding protein interacting protein 1 pseudogene

LOC100533949 Gene

mitogen-activated protein kinase 8 interacting protein 1 pseudogene

RNF138 Gene

ring finger protein 138, E3 ubiquitin protein ligase

The protein encoded by this gene contains a RING finger, a motif present in a variety of functionally distinct proteins and known to be involved in protein-DNA and protein-protein interactions. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been observed. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GNAQ Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), q polypeptide

This locus encodes a guanine nucleotide-binding protein. The encoded protein, an alpha subunit in the Gq class, couples a seven-transmembrane domain receptor to activation of phospolipase C-beta. Mutations at this locus have been associated with problems in platelet activation and aggregation. A related pseudogene exists on chromosome 2.[provided by RefSeq, Nov 2010]

GNAZ Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), alpha z polypeptide

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of a G protein subfamily that mediates signal transduction in pertussis toxin-insensitive systms. This encoded protein may play a role in maintaining the ionic balance of perilymphatic and endolymphatic cochlear fluids. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GNAL Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), alpha activating activity polypeptide, olfactory type

This gene encodes a stimulatory G protein alpha subunit which mediates odorant signaling in the olfactory epithelium. This protein couples dopamine type 1 receptors and adenosine A2A receptors and is widely expressed in the central nervous system. Mutations in this gene have been associated with dystonia 25 and this gene is located in a susceptibility region for bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2013]

RNF8 Gene

ring finger protein 8, E3 ubiquitin protein ligase

The protein encoded by this gene contains a RING finger motif and an FHA domain. This protein has been shown to interact with several class II ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes (E2), including UBE2E1/UBCH6, UBE2E2, and UBE2E3, and may act as an ubiquitin ligase (E3) in the ubiquitination of certain nuclear proteins. This protein is also known to play a role in the DNA damage response and depletion of this protein causes cell growth inhibition and cell cycle arrest. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2012]

RNF5 Gene

ring finger protein 5, E3 ubiquitin protein ligase

The protein encoded by this gene contains a RING finger, which is a motif known to be involved in protein-protein interactions. This protein is a membrane-bound ubiquitin ligase. It can regulate cell motility by targeting paxillin ubiquitination and altering the distribution and localization of paxillin in cytoplasm and cell focal adhesions. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

RNF5P1 Gene

ring finger protein 5, E3 ubiquitin protein ligase pseudogene 1

GNG10 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), gamma 10

GNG11 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), gamma 11

This gene is a member of the guanine nucleotide-binding protein (G protein) gamma family and encodes a lipid-anchored, cell membrane protein. As a member of the heterotrimeric G protein complex, this protein plays a role in this transmembrane signaling system. This protein is also subject to carboxyl-terminal processing. Decreased expression of this gene is associated with splenic marginal zone lymphomas. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GNG12 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), gamma 12

GNG13 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), gamma 13

Heterotrimeric G proteins, which consist of alpha (see MIM 139320), beta (see MIM 139380), and gamma subunits, function as signal transducers for the 7-transmembrane-helix G protein-coupled receptors. GNG13 is a gamma subunit that is expressed in taste, retinal, and neuronal tissues and plays a key role in taste transduction (Li et al., 2006 [PubMed 16473877]).[supplied by OMIM, Oct 2009]

ELK3 Gene

ELK3, ETS-domain protein (SRF accessory protein 2)

This gene encodes a member of the ETS-domain transcription factor family and the ternary complex factor (TCF) subfamily. Proteins in this subfamily regulate transcription when recruited by serum response factor to bind to serum response elements. This protein is activated by signal-induced phosphorylation; studies in rodents suggest that it is a transcriptional inhibitor in the absence of Ras, but activates transcription when Ras is present. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2015]

ELK4 Gene

ELK4, ETS-domain protein (SRF accessory protein 1)

This gene is a member of the Ets family of transcription factors and of the ternary complex factor (TCF) subfamily. Proteins of the TCF subfamily form a ternary complex by binding to the the serum response factor and the serum reponse element in the promoter of the c-fos proto-oncogene. The protein encoded by this gene is phosphorylated by the kinases, MAPK1 and MAPK8. Several transcript variants have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GNAO1 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), alpha activating activity polypeptide O

GNAT1 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), alpha transducing activity polypeptide 1

Transducin is a 3-subunit guanine nucleotide-binding protein (G protein) which stimulates the coupling of rhodopsin and cGMP-phoshodiesterase during visual impulses. The transducin alpha subunits in rods and cones are encoded by separate genes. This gene encodes the alpha subunit in rods. This gene is also expressed in other cells, and has been implicated in bitter taste transduction in rat taste cells. Mutations in this gene result in autosomal dominant congenital stationary night blindness. Multiple alternatively spliced variants, encoding the same protein, have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2009]

GNAT2 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), alpha transducing activity polypeptide 2

Transducin is a 3-subunit guanine nucleotide-binding protein (G protein) which stimulates the coupling of rhodopsin and cGMP-phoshodiesterase during visual impulses. The transducin alpha subunits in rods and cones are encoded by separate genes. This gene encodes the alpha subunit in cones. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC100418622 Gene

poly(A) binding protein interacting protein 1 pseudogene

LOC100418623 Gene

poly(A) binding protein interacting protein 1 pseudogene

LOC100418620 Gene

poly(A) binding protein interacting protein 1 pseudogene

LOC101928960 Gene

BCL2/adenovirus E1B 19 kDa protein-interacting protein 3 pseudogene

PAIP2B Gene

poly(A) binding protein interacting protein 2B

Most mRNAs, except for histones, contain a 3-prime poly(A) tail. Poly(A)-binding protein (PABP; see MIM 604679) enhances translation by circularizing mRNA through its interaction with the translation initiation factor EIF4G1 (MIM 600495) and the poly(A) tail. Various PABP-binding proteins regulate PABP activity, including PAIP1 (MIM 605184), a translational stimulator, and PAIP2A (MIM 605604) and PAIP2B, translational inhibitors (Derry et al., 2006 [PubMed 17381337]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

LOC391465 Gene

STIP1 homology and U-box containing protein 1, E3 ubiquitin protein ligase pseudogene

LOC105372731 Gene

CMT1A duplicated region transcript 15 protein-like protein

LOC100422438 Gene

mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated protein kinase 2 pseudogene

HP1BP3 Gene

heterochromatin protein 1, binding protein 3

LOC100418685 Gene

mitogen-activated protein kinase 8 interacting protein 1 pseudogene

LOC100418686 Gene

mitogen-activated protein kinase 8 interacting protein 1 pseudogene

LOC100418687 Gene

mitogen-activated protein kinase 8 interacting protein 1 pseudogene

RNF41 Gene

ring finger protein 41, E3 ubiquitin protein ligase

This gene encodes an E3 ubiquitin ligase. The encoded protein plays a role in type 1 cytokine receptor signaling by controlling the balance between JAK2-associated cytokine receptor degradation and ectodomain shedding. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2011]

LOC102724961 Gene

double homeobox protein 4-like protein 4

RPS19BP1 Gene

ribosomal protein S19 binding protein 1

LOC100533938 Gene

poly(A) binding protein interacting protein 1 pseudogene

LOC100533939 Gene

poly(A) binding protein interacting protein 1 pseudogene

RNF168 Gene

ring finger protein 168, E3 ubiquitin protein ligase

This gene encodes an E3 ubiquitin ligase protein that contains a RING finger, a motif present in a variety of functionally distinct proteins and known to be involved in protein-DNA and protein-protein interactions. The protein is involved in DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair. Mutations in this gene result in Riddle syndrome. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2011]

ZIK1P1 Gene

zinc finger protein interacting with K protein 1 pseudogene 1

G3BP2 Gene

GTPase activating protein (SH3 domain) binding protein 2

PPFIA2 Gene

protein tyrosine phosphatase, receptor type, f polypeptide (PTPRF), interacting protein (liprin), alpha 2

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the LAR protein-tyrosine phosphatase-interacting protein (liprin) family. Liprins interact with members of LAR family of transmembrane protein tyrosine phosphatases, which are known to be important for axon guidance and mammary gland development. It has been proposed that liprins are multivalent proteins that form complex structures and act as scaffolds for the recruitment and anchoring of LAR family of tyrosine phosphatases. This protein has been shown to bind the calcium/calmodulin-dependent serine protein kinase (MAGUK family) protein (also known as CASK) and proposed to regulate higher-order brain functions in mammals. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2013]

PPFIA3 Gene

protein tyrosine phosphatase, receptor type, f polypeptide (PTPRF), interacting protein (liprin), alpha 3

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the LAR protein-tyrosine phosphatase-interacting protein (liprin) family. Liprins interact with members of LAR family of transmembrane protein tyrosine phosphatases, which are known to be important for axon guidance and mammary gland development. Liprin family protein has been shown to localize phosphatase LAR to cell focal adhesions and may be involved in the molecular organization of presynaptic active zones. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PPFIA1 Gene

protein tyrosine phosphatase, receptor type, f polypeptide (PTPRF), interacting protein (liprin), alpha 1

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the LAR protein-tyrosine phosphatase-interacting protein (liprin) family. Liprins interact with members of LAR family of transmembrane protein tyrosine phosphatases, which are known to be important for axon guidance and mammary gland development. This protein binds to the intracellular membrane-distal phosphatase domain of tyrosine phosphatase LAR, and appears to localize LAR to cell focal adhesions. This interaction may regulate the disassembly of focal adhesion and thus help orchestrate cell-matrix interactions. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

RGS7BP Gene

regulator of G-protein signaling 7 binding protein

This gene encodes a protein that binds to all members of the R7 subfamily of regulators of G protein signaling and regulates their translocation between the nucleus and the plasma membrane. The encoded protein could be regulated by reversible palmitoylation, which anchors it to the plasma membrane. Depalmitoylation localizes the protein to the nucleus. Polymorphisms in this gene may be associated with risk of aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2012]

LOC101930525 Gene

BCL2/adenovirus E1B 19 kDa protein-interacting protein 3 pseudogene

LNX1 Gene

ligand of numb-protein X 1, E3 ubiquitin protein ligase

This gene encodes a membrane-bound protein that is involved in signal transduction and protein interactions. The encoded product is an E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase, which mediates ubiquitination and subsequent proteasomal degradation of proteins containing phosphotyrosine binding (PTB) domains. This protein may play an important role in tumorogenesis. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been described. A pseudogene, which is located on chromosome 17, has been identified for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

NAB1 Gene

NGFI-A binding protein 1 (EGR1 binding protein 1)

NAB2 Gene

NGFI-A binding protein 2 (EGR1 binding protein 2)

This gene encodes a member of the family of NGFI-A binding (NAB) proteins, which function in the nucleus to repress transcription induced by some members of the EGR (early growth response) family of transactivators. NAB proteins can homo- or hetero-multimerize with other EGR or NAB proteins through a conserved N-terminal domain, and repress transcription through two partially redundant C-terminal domains. Transcriptional repression by the encoded protein is mediated in part by interactions with the nucleosome remodeling and deactylase (NuRD) complex. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described, but their biological validity has not been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC100289060 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), gamma 10 pseudogene

MAPKAPK5P1 Gene

mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated protein kinase 5 pseudogene 1

CCNB1IP1 Gene

cyclin B1 interacting protein 1, E3 ubiquitin protein ligase

HEI10 is a member of the E3 ubiquitin ligase family and functions in progression of the cell cycle through G(2)/M.[supplied by OMIM, Apr 2004]

CSRP3 Gene

cysteine and glycine-rich protein 3 (cardiac LIM protein)

This gene encodes a member of the CSRP family of LIM domain proteins, which may be involved in regulatory processes important for development and cellular differentiation. The LIM/double zinc-finger motif found in this protein is found in a group of proteins with critical functions in gene regulation, cell growth, and somatic differentiation. Mutations in this gene are thought to cause heritable forms of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) in humans. Alternatively spliced transcript variants with different 5' UTR, but encoding the same protein, have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SERPINH1 Gene

serpin peptidase inhibitor, clade H (heat shock protein 47), member 1, (collagen binding protein 1)

This gene encodes a member of the serpin superfamily of serine proteinase inhibitors. The encoded protein is localized to the endoplasmic reticulum and plays a role in collagen biosynthesis as a collagen-specific molecular chaperone. Autoantibodies to the encoded protein have been found in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Expression of this gene may be a marker for cancer, and nucleotide polymorphisms in this gene may be associated with preterm birth caused by preterm premature rupture of membranes. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been observed for this gene, and a pseudogene of this gene is located on the short arm of chromosome 9. [provided by RefSeq, May 2011]

LOC105374753 Gene

class E vacuolar protein-sorting machinery protein hse1-like

RGS9BP Gene

regulator of G protein signaling 9 binding protein

The protein encoded by this gene functions as a regulator of G protein-coupled receptor signaling in phototransduction. Studies in bovine and mouse show that this gene is expressed only in the retina, and is localized in the rod outer segment membranes. This protein is associated with a heterotetrameric complex, specifically interacting with the regulator of G-protein signaling 9, and appears to function as the membrane anchor for the other largely soluble interacting partners. Mutations in this gene are associated with prolonged electroretinal response suppression (PERRS), also known as bradyopsia. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2010]

LOC100287954 Gene

double homeobox protein 4-like protein 4

LOC653503 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), gamma 10 pseudogene

GNAI2 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), alpha inhibiting activity polypeptide 2

The protein encoded by this gene is an alpha subunit of guanine nucleotide binding proteins (G proteins). The encoded protein contains the guanine nucleotide binding site and is involved in the hormonal regulation of adenylate cyclase. Several transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2013]

GNAI3 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), alpha inhibiting activity polypeptide 3

Guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) are involved as modulators or transducers in various transmembrane signaling pathways. G proteins are composed of 3 units: alpha, beta and gamma. This gene encodes an alpha subunit and belongs to the G-alpha family. Mutation in this gene, resulting in a gly40-to-arg substitution, is associated with auriculocondylar syndrome, and shown to affect downstream targets in the G protein-coupled endothelin receptor pathway. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2012]

GNAI1 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), alpha inhibiting activity polypeptide 1

Guanine nucleotide binding proteins are heterotrimeric signal-transducing molecules consisting of alpha, beta, and gamma subunits. The alpha subunit binds guanine nucleotide, can hydrolyze GTP, and can interact with other proteins. The protein encoded by this gene represents the alpha subunit of an inhibitory complex. The encoded protein is part of a complex that responds to beta-adrenergic signals by inhibiting adenylate cyclase. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2012]

LOC100418619 Gene

poly(A) binding protein interacting protein 1 pseudogene

MAPKAP1 Gene

mitogen-activated protein kinase associated protein 1

This gene encodes a protein that is highly similar to the yeast SIN1 protein, a stress-activated protein kinase. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been described. Alternate polyadenylation sites as well as alternate 3' UTRs have been identified for transcripts of this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

RNF40 Gene

ring finger protein 40, E3 ubiquitin protein ligase

The protein encoded by this gene contains a RING finger, a motif known to be involved in protein-protein and protein-DNA interactions. This protein was reported to interact with the tumor suppressor protein RB1. Studies of the rat counterpart suggested that this protein may function as an E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase, and facilitate the ubiquitination and degradation of syntaxin 1, which is an essential component of the neurotransmitter release machinery. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2011]

LOC100422559 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), beta polypeptide 2-like 1 pseudogene

LOC100287823 Gene

double homeobox protein 4-like protein 4

LOC102723438 Gene

BCL2/adenovirus E1B 19 kDa protein-interacting protein 3 pseudogene

RNF20 Gene

ring finger protein 20, E3 ubiquitin protein ligase

The protein encoded by this gene shares similarity with BRE1 of S. cerevisiae. The protein encoded by this human gene is an E3 ubiquitin ligase that regulates chromosome structure by monoubiquitinating histone H2B. This protein acts as a putative tumor suppressor and positively regulates the p53 tumor suppressor as well as numerous histone H2A and H2B genes. In contrast, this protein also suppresses the expression of several protooncogenes and growth-related genes, including many genes that are induced by epidermal growth factor. This gene selectively suppresses the expression of some genes by interfering with chromatin recruitment of transcription elongation factor SII (TFIIS). [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2012]

ZIK1 Gene

zinc finger protein interacting with K protein 1

LOC100422338 Gene

GTPase activating protein (SH3 domain) binding protein 1 pseudogene

LOC100422337 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), alpha 13 pseudogene

LOC100533950 Gene

mitogen-activated protein kinase 8 interacting protein 1 pseudogene

LOC100533951 Gene

mitogen-activated protein kinase 8 interacting protein 1 pseudogene

VCPIP1 Gene

valosin containing protein (p97)/p47 complex interacting protein 1

LOC100533937 Gene

poly(A) binding protein interacting protein 1 pseudogene

LOC105374377 Gene

BCL2/adenovirus E1B 19 kDa protein-interacting protein 3 pseudogene

GNB1L Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), beta polypeptide 1-like

This gene encodes a G-protein beta-subunit-like polypeptide which is a member of the WD repeat protein family. WD repeats are minimally conserved regions of approximately 40 amino acids typically bracketed by gly-his and trp-asp (GH-WD), which may facilitate formation of heterotrimeric or multiprotein complexes. Members of this family are involved in a variety of cellular processes, including cell cycle progression, signal transduction, apoptosis, and gene regulation. This protein contains 6 WD repeats and is highly expressed in the heart. The gene maps to the region on chromosome 22q11, which is deleted in DiGeorge syndrome, trisomic in derivative 22 syndrome and tetrasomic in cat-eye syndrome. Therefore, this gene may contribute to the etiology of those disorders. Transcripts from this gene share exons with some transcripts from the C22orf29 gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC100418624 Gene

poly(A) binding protein interacting protein 1 pseudogene

LOC100418625 Gene

poly(A) binding protein interacting protein 1 pseudogene

LOC100418621 Gene

poly(A) binding protein interacting protein 1 pseudogene

HSPA5 Gene

heat shock 70kDa protein 5 (glucose-regulated protein, 78kDa)

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) family. It is localized in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), and is involved in the folding and assembly of proteins in the ER. As this protein interacts with many ER proteins, it may play a key role in monitoring protein transport through the cell.[provided by RefSeq, Sep 2010]

LOC100422561 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), beta polypeptide 2-like 1 pseudogene

LOC100422562 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), beta polypeptide 2-like 1 pseudogene

LOC400750 Gene

heat shock 70kDa protein 5 (glucose-regulated protein, 78kDa) pseudogene

AP1AR Gene

adaptor-related protein complex 1 associated regulatory protein

LOC645139 Gene

poly(A) binding protein interacting protein 1 pseudogene

LOC286456 Gene

NGFI-A binding protein 1 (EGR1 binding protein 1) pseudogene

STUB1 Gene

STIP1 homology and U-box containing protein 1, E3 ubiquitin protein ligase

This gene encodes a protein containing tetratricopeptide repeat and a U-box that functions as a ubiquitin ligase/cochaperone. The encoded protein binds to and ubiquitinates shock cognate 71 kDa protein (Hspa8) and DNA polymerase beta (Polb), among other targets. Mutations in this gene cause spinocerebellar ataxia, autosomal recessive 16. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. There is a pseudogene for this gene on chromosome 2. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2014]

TYROBP Gene

TYRO protein tyrosine kinase binding protein

This gene encodes a transmembrane signaling polypeptide which contains an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM) in its cytoplasmic domain. The encoded protein may associate with the killer-cell inhibitory receptor (KIR) family of membrane glycoproteins and may act as an activating signal transduction element. This protein may bind zeta-chain (TCR) associated protein kinase 70kDa (ZAP-70) and spleen tyrosine kinase (SYK) and play a role in signal transduction, bone modeling, brain myelination, and inflammation. Mutations within this gene have been associated with polycystic lipomembranous osteodysplasia with sclerosing leukoencephalopathy (PLOSL), also known as Nasu-Hakola disease. Its putative receptor, triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 (TREM2), also causes PLOSL. Multiple alternative transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been identified for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2010]

GNGT2 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), gamma transducing activity polypeptide 2

Phototransduction in rod and cone photoreceptors is regulated by groups of signaling proteins. The encoded protein is thought to play a crucial role in cone phototransduction. It belongs to the G protein gamma family and localized specifically in cones. Several transcript variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2010]

GNGT1 Gene

guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), gamma transducing activity polypeptide 1

Heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) transduce extracellular signals received by transmembrane receptors to effector proteins. Transducin is a guanine nucleotide-binding protein found specifically in rod outer segments, where it mediates activation by rhodopsin of a cyclic GTP-specific (guanosine monophosphate) phosphodiesterase. Transducin is also referred to as GMPase. GNGT1 encodes the gamma subunit of transducin (Hurley et al., 1984 [PubMed 6438626]; Scherer et al., 1996 [PubMed 8661128]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

LOC102724602 Gene

COMM domain-containing protein 6-like

CHMP1B Gene

charged multivesicular body protein 1B

CHMP1B belongs to the chromatin-modifying protein/charged multivesicular body protein (CHMP) family. These proteins are components of ESCRT-III (endosomal sorting complex required for transport III), a complex involved in degradation of surface receptor proteins and formation of endocytic multivesicular bodies (MVBs). Some CHMPs have both nuclear and cytoplasmic/vesicular distributions, and one such CHMP, CHMP1A (MIM 164010), is required for both MVB formation and regulation of cell cycle progression (Tsang et al., 2006 [PubMed 16730941]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

LOC643630 Gene

ribosomal protein L7a pseudogene

NSRP1 Gene

nuclear speckle splicing regulatory protein 1

LINC01221 Gene

long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 1221

RPS4XP3 Gene

ribosomal protein S4X pseudogene 3

RPS4XP1 Gene

ribosomal protein S4X pseudogene 1

RPS4XP6 Gene

ribosomal protein S4X pseudogene 6

RPS4XP7 Gene

ribosomal protein S4X pseudogene 7

RPS4XP4 Gene

ribosomal protein S4X pseudogene 4

BCL2A1 Gene

BCL2-related protein A1

This gene encodes a member of the BCL-2 protein family. The proteins of this family form hetero- or homodimers and act as anti- and pro-apoptotic regulators that are involved in a wide variety of cellular activities such as embryonic development, homeostasis and tumorigenesis. The protein encoded by this gene is able to reduce the release of pro-apoptotic cytochrome c from mitochondria and block caspase activation. This gene is a direct transcription target of NF-kappa B in response to inflammatory mediators, and is up-regulated by different extracellular signals, such as granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), CD40, phorbol ester and inflammatory cytokine TNF and IL-1, which suggests a cytoprotective function that is essential for lymphocyte activation as well as cell survival. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

RPS4XP8 Gene

ribosomal protein S4X pseudogene 8

RPS4XP9 Gene

ribosomal protein S4X pseudogene 9

LOC101928959 Gene

probable ribosome biogenesis protein RLP24 pseudogene

CKS1B Gene

CDC28 protein kinase regulatory subunit 1B

CKS1B protein binds to the catalytic subunit of the cyclin dependent kinases and is essential for their biological function. The CKS1B mRNA is found to be expressed in different patterns through the cell cycle in HeLa cells, which reflects a specialized role for the encoded protein. At least two transcript variants have been identified for this gene, and it appears that only one of them encodes a protein. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2008]

RPL31P13 Gene

ribosomal protein L31 pseudogene 13

CRTAP Gene

cartilage associated protein

The protein encoded by this gene is similar to the chicken and mouse CRTAP genes. The encoded protein is a scaffolding protein that may influence the activity of at least one member of the cytohesin/ARNO family in response to specific cellular stimuli. Defects in this gene are associated with osteogenesis imperfecta, a connective tissue disorder characterized by bone fragility and low bone mass. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

HPYR1 Gene

Helicobacter pylori responsive 1 (non-protein coding)

CPEB4 Gene

cytoplasmic polyadenylation element binding protein 4

CPEB1 Gene

cytoplasmic polyadenylation element binding protein 1

This gene encodes a member of the cytoplasmic polyadenylation element binding protein family. This highly conserved protein binds to a specific RNA sequence, called the cytoplasmic polyadenylation element, found in the 3' untranslated region of some mRNAs. The encoded protein functions in both the cytoplasm and the nucleus. It is involved in the regulation of mRNA translation, as well as processing of the 3' untranslated region, and may play a role in cell proliferation and tumorigenesis. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2014]

CPEB3 Gene

cytoplasmic polyadenylation element binding protein 3

CPEB2 Gene

cytoplasmic polyadenylation element binding protein 2

The protein encoded by this gene is highly similar to cytoplasmic polyadenylation element binding protein (CPEB), an mRNA-binding protein that regulates cytoplasmic polyadenylation of mRNA as a trans factor in oogenesis and spermatogenesis. Studies of the similar gene in mice suggested a possible role of this protein in transcriptionally inactive haploid spermatids. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC105379427 Gene

zinc finger protein 717-like

LOC649935 Gene

UPF0607 protein ENSP00000381514-like

LINC01227 Gene

long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 1227

LOC100131241 Gene

SERPINE1 mRNA binding protein 1 pseudogene

PISRT1 Gene

polled intersex syndrome regulated transcript 1 (non-protein coding RNA)

LOC101927006 Gene

40S ribosomal protein SA-like

AAGAB Gene

alpha- and gamma-adaptin binding protein

The protein encoded by this gene interacts with the gamma-adaptin and alpha-adaptin subunits of complexes involved in clathrin-coated vesicle trafficking. Mutations in this gene are associated with type I punctate palmoplantar keratoderma. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2012]

LOC101060569 Gene

golgin subfamily A member 6-like protein 1

LOC442041 Gene

zinc finger protein 532 pseudogene

RFPL4AL1 Gene

ret finger protein-like 4A-like 1

LOC100419140 Gene

ribosomal protein L5 pseudogene

RPL12P31 Gene

ribosomal protein L12 pseudogene 31

MRPS31P4 Gene

mitochondrial ribosomal protein S31 pseudogene 4

LOC100287243 Gene

nuclease-sensitive element-binding protein 1 pseudogene

ZNF117 Gene

zinc finger protein 117

ZNF114 Gene

zinc finger protein 114

ZNF112 Gene

zinc finger protein 112

PRKAR2A Gene

protein kinase, cAMP-dependent, regulatory, type II, alpha

cAMP is a signaling molecule important for a variety of cellular functions. cAMP exerts its effects by activating the cAMP-dependent protein kinase, which transduces the signal through phosphorylation of different target proteins. The inactive kinase holoenzyme is a tetramer composed of two regulatory and two catalytic subunits. cAMP causes the dissociation of the inactive holoenzyme into a dimer of regulatory subunits bound to four cAMP and two free monomeric catalytic subunits. Four different regulatory subunits and three catalytic subunits have been identified in humans. The protein encoded by this gene is one of the regulatory subunits. This subunit can be phosphorylated by the activated catalytic subunit. It may interact with various A-kinase anchoring proteins and determine the subcellular localization of cAMP-dependent protein kinase. This subunit has been shown to regulate protein transport from endosomes to the Golgi apparatus and further to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PRKAR2B Gene

protein kinase, cAMP-dependent, regulatory, type II, beta

cAMP is a signaling molecule important for a variety of cellular functions. cAMP exerts its effects by activating the cAMP-dependent protein kinase, which transduces the signal through phosphorylation of different target proteins. The inactive kinase holoenzyme is a tetramer composed of two regulatory and two catalytic subunits. cAMP causes the dissociation of the inactive holoenzyme into a dimer of regulatory subunits bound to four cAMP and two free monomeric catalytic subunits. Four different regulatory subunits and three catalytic subunits have been identified in humans. The protein encoded by this gene is one of the regulatory subunits. This subunit can be phosphorylated by the activated catalytic subunit. This subunit has been shown to interact with and suppress the transcriptional activity of the cAMP responsive element binding protein 1 (CREB1) in activated T cells. Knockout studies in mice suggest that this subunit may play an important role in regulating energy balance and adiposity. The studies also suggest that this subunit may mediate the gene induction and cataleptic behavior induced by haloperidol. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

RPL12P36 Gene

ribosomal protein L12 pseudogene 36

LOC100420186 Gene

WW domain binding protein 2 pseudogene

KRTAP2-3 Gene

keratin associated protein 2-3

KRTAP2-2 Gene

keratin associated protein 2-2

KRTAP2-1 Gene

keratin associated protein 2-1

KRTAP2-4 Gene

keratin associated protein 2-4

This protein is a member of the keratin-associated protein (KAP) family. The KAP proteins form a matrix of keratin intermediate filaments which contribute to the structure of hair fibers. KAP family members appear to have unique, family-specific amino- and carboxyl-terminal regions and are subdivided into three multi-gene families according to amino acid composition: the high sulfur, the ultrahigh sulfur, and the high tyrosine/glycine KAPs. This protein is a member of the high sulfur KAP family and the gene is localized to a cluster of KAPs at 17q12-q21. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

RPL12P38 Gene

ribosomal protein L12 pseudogene 38

ZNF736P3Y Gene

zinc finger protein 736 pseudogene 3, Y-linked

VMP1 Gene

vacuole membrane protein 1

LOC100420828 Gene

nuclear pore associated protein 1 pseudogene

RPS26P43 Gene

ribosomal protein S26 pseudogene 43

RPS26P42 Gene

ribosomal protein S26 pseudogene 42

RPS26P41 Gene

ribosomal protein S26 pseudogene 41

RPS26P40 Gene

ribosomal protein S26 pseudogene 40

RPS26P47 Gene

ribosomal protein S26 pseudogene 47

RPS26P46 Gene

ribosomal protein S26 pseudogene 46

RPS26P45 Gene

ribosomal protein S26 pseudogene 45

RPS26P44 Gene

ribosomal protein S26 pseudogene 44

RPS26P49 Gene

ribosomal protein S26 pseudogene 49

RPS26P48 Gene

ribosomal protein S26 pseudogene 48

FAM90A10P Gene

putative protein FAM90A10

FAM90A10 belongs to subfamily II of the primate-specific FAM90A gene family, which originated from multiple duplications and rearrangements (Bosch et al., 2007 [PubMed 17684299]). For background information on the FAM90A gene family, as well as information on the evolution of FAM90A genes, see FAM90A1 (MIM 613041).[supplied by OMIM, Oct 2009]

LOC389842 Gene

RAN binding protein 1 pseudogene

DLGAP2 Gene

discs, large (Drosophila) homolog-associated protein 2

The product of this gene is a membrane-associated protein that may play a role in synapse organization and signalling in neuronal cells. This gene is biallelically expressed in the brain, however, only the paternal allele is expressed in the testis (PMID:18055845). Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2014]

DLGAP3 Gene

discs, large (Drosophila) homolog-associated protein 3

DLGAP1 Gene

discs, large (Drosophila) homolog-associated protein 1

DLGAP4 Gene

discs, large (Drosophila) homolog-associated protein 4

The product of this gene is a membrane-associated guanylate kinase found at the postsynaptic density in neuronal cells. It is a signaling molecule that can interact with potassium channels and receptors, as well as other signaling molecules. The protein encoded by this gene can interact with PSD-95 through its guanylate kinase domain and may be involved in clustering PSD-95 in the postsynaptic density region. The encoded protein is one of at least four similar proteins that have been found. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

DLGAP5 Gene

discs, large (Drosophila) homolog-associated protein 5

FBXL14 Gene

F-box and leucine-rich repeat protein 14

Members of the F-box protein family, such as FBXL14, are characterized by an approximately 40-amino acid F-box motif. SCF complexes, formed by SKP1 (MIM 601434), cullin (see CUL1; MIM 603134), and F-box proteins, act as protein-ubiquitin ligases. F-box proteins interact with SKP1 through the F box, and they interact with ubiquitination targets through other protein interaction domains (Jin et al., 2004 [PubMed 15520277]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

OIP5 Gene

Opa interacting protein 5

FBXL19 Gene

F-box and leucine-rich repeat protein 19

This gene encodes a member of the Skp1-Cullin-F-box family of E3 ubiquitin ligases. The encoded protein is reported to bind to the transmembrane receptor interleukin 1 receptor-like 1 and regulate its ubiquitination and degradation. This protein has been linked to the regulation of pulmonary inflammation and psoriasis. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2013]

LOC100421559 Gene

adaptor-related protein complex 5, mu 1 subunit pseudogene

PTPN18 Gene

protein tyrosine phosphatase, non-receptor type 18 (brain-derived)

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) family. PTPs are known to be signaling molecules that regulate a variety of cellular processes including cell growth, differentiation, the mitotic cycle, and oncogenic transformation. This PTP contains a PEST motif, which often serves as a protein-protein interaction domain, and may be related to protein intracellular half-live. This protein can differentially dephosphorylate autophosphorylated tyrosine kinases that are overexpressed in tumor tissues, and it appears to regulate HER2, a member of the epidermal growth factor receptor family of receptor tyrosine kinases. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2008]

PTPN13 Gene

protein tyrosine phosphatase, non-receptor type 13 (APO-1/CD95 (Fas)-associated phosphatase)

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) family. PTPs are signaling molecules that regulate a variety of cellular processes including cell growth, differentiation, mitotic cycle, and oncogenic transformation. This PTP is a large intracellular protein. It has a catalytic PTP domain at its C-terminus and two major structural domains: a region with five PDZ domains and a FERM domain that binds to plasma membrane and cytoskeletal elements. This PTP was found to interact with, and dephosphorylate, Fas receptor and IkappaBalpha through the PDZ domains. This suggests it has a role in Fas mediated programmed cell death. This PTP was also shown to interact with GTPase-activating protein, and thus may function as a regulator of Rho signaling pathways. Four alternatively spliced transcript variants, which encode distinct proteins, have been reported. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2008]

PTPN12 Gene

protein tyrosine phosphatase, non-receptor type 12

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) family. PTPs are signaling molecules that regulate a variety of cellular processes including cell growth, differentiation, mitotic cycle, and oncogenic transformation. This PTP contains a C-terminal PEST motif, which serves as a protein-protein interaction domain, and may regulate protein intracellular half-life. This PTP was found to bind and dephosphorylate the product of the oncogene c-ABL and thus may play a role in oncogenesis. This PTP was also shown to interact with, and dephosphorylate, various products related to cytoskeletal structure and cell adhesion, such as p130 (Cas), CAKbeta/PTK2B, PSTPIP1, and paxillin. This suggests it has a regulatory role in controlling cell shape and mobility. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2008]

PTPN11 Gene

protein tyrosine phosphatase, non-receptor type 11

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) family. PTPs are known to be signaling molecules that regulate a variety of cellular processes including cell growth, differentiation, mitotic cycle, and oncogenic transformation. This PTP contains two tandem Src homology-2 domains, which function as phospho-tyrosine binding domains and mediate the interaction of this PTP with its substrates. This PTP is widely expressed in most tissues and plays a regulatory role in various cell signaling events that are important for a diversity of cell functions, such as mitogenic activation, metabolic control, transcription regulation, and cell migration. Mutations in this gene are a cause of Noonan syndrome as well as acute myeloid leukemia. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2012]

RPL32P35 Gene

ribosomal protein L32 pseudogene 35

RPL32P32 Gene

ribosomal protein L32 pseudogene 32

RPL32P33 Gene

ribosomal protein L32 pseudogene 33

RPL32P30 Gene

ribosomal protein L32 pseudogene 30

PTPN14 Gene

protein tyrosine phosphatase, non-receptor type 14

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) family. PTPs are known to be signaling molecules that regulate a variety of cellular processes including cell growth, differentiation, mitotic cycle, and oncogenic transformation. This PTP contains an N-terminal noncatalytic domain similar to that of band 4.1 superfamily cytoskeleton-associated proteins, which suggested the membrane or cytoskeleton localization of this protein. It appears to regulate lymphatic development in mammals, and a loss of function mutation has been found in a kindred with a lymphedema-choanal atresia. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2010]

TRAPPC6A Gene

trafficking protein particle complex 6A

This gene encodes a component of the trafficking protein particle complex, which tethers transport vesicles to the cis-Golgi membrane. Loss of expression of the related gene in mouse affects coat and eye pigmentation, suggesting that the encoded protein may be involved in melanosome biogenesis. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2012]

MZB1 Gene

marginal zone B and B1 cell-specific protein

TRAPPC6B Gene

trafficking protein particle complex 6B

TRAPPC6B is a component of TRAPP complexes, which are tethering complexes involved in vesicle transport (Kummel et al., 2005 [PubMed 16025134]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

HSPE1P16 Gene

heat shock 10kDa protein 1 pseudogene 16

HSPE1P12 Gene

heat shock 10kDa protein 1 pseudogene 12

RPL23AP29 Gene

ribosomal protein L23a pseudogene 29

HSPE1P10 Gene

heat shock 10kDa protein 1 pseudogene 10

RPL23AP27 Gene

ribosomal protein L23a pseudogene 27

LOC105378958 Gene

adhesive plaque matrix protein-like

RPL23AP26 Gene

ribosomal protein L23a pseudogene 26

LOC105378957 Gene

basic salivary proline-rich protein 2-like

LOC105378955 Gene

tripartite motif-containing protein LOC642612

LOC105378950 Gene

mitogen-activated protein kinase 7-like

LOC100419801 Gene

zinc finger protein 532 pseudogene

RPL23AP23 Gene

ribosomal protein L23a pseudogene 23

LOC100419803 Gene

zinc finger protein 510 pseudogene

LOC100419802 Gene

zinc finger protein 184 pseudogene

LOC100419806 Gene

zinc finger protein 519 pseudogene

CAMKK2 Gene

calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase 2, beta

The product of this gene belongs to the Serine/Threonine protein kinase family, and to the Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase subfamily. The major isoform of this gene plays a role in the calcium/calmodulin-dependent (CaM) kinase cascade by phosphorylating the downstream kinases CaMK1 and CaMK4. Protein products of this gene also phosphorylate AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). This gene has its strongest expression in the brain and influences signalling cascades involved with learning and memory, neuronal differentiation and migration, neurite outgrowth, and synapse formation. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms. The identified isoforms differ in their ability to undergo autophosphorylation and to phosphorylate downstream kinases. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2012]

CAMKK1 Gene

calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase 1, alpha

The product of this gene belongs to the Serine/Threonine protein kinase family, and to the Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase subfamily. This protein plays a role in the calcium/calmodulin-dependent (CaM) kinase cascade. Three transcript variants encoding two distinct isoforms have been identified for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

RPL23AP21 Gene

ribosomal protein L23a pseudogene 21

PPP1R1AP2 Gene

protein phosphatase 1, regulatory (inhibitor) subunit 1A pseudogene 2

LOC102724970 Gene

putative uncharacterized protein FLJ35883

LOC102724971 Gene

putative V-set and immunoglobulin domain-containing-like protein IGHV4OR15-8

CHMP3 Gene

charged multivesicular body protein 3

This gene encodes a protein that sorts transmembrane proteins into lysosomes/vacuoles via the multivesicular body (MVB) pathway. This protein, along with other soluble coiled-coil containing proteins, forms part of the ESCRT-III protein complex that binds to the endosomal membrane and recruits additional cofactors for protein sorting into the MVB. This protein may also co-immunoprecipitate with a member of the IFG-binding protein superfamily. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. Read-through transcription also exists between this gene and the upstream ring finger protein 103 (RNF103) gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2010]

RPL36AL Gene

ribosomal protein L36a-like

Cytoplasmic ribosomes, organelles that catalyze protein synthesis, consist of a small 40S subunit and a large 60S subunit. Together these subunits are composed of 4 RNA species and approximately 80 structurally distinct proteins. This gene encodes a ribosomal protein that is a component of the 60S subunit. The protein, which shares sequence similarity with yeast ribosomal protein L44, belongs to the L44E (L36AE) family of ribosomal proteins. This gene and the human gene officially named ribosomal protein L36a (RPL36A) encode nearly identical proteins; however, they are distinct genes. Although the name of this gene has been referred to as ribosomal protein L36a (RPL36A), its official name is ribosomal protein L36a-like (RPL36AL). As is typical for genes encoding ribosomal proteins, there are multiple processed pseudogenes of this gene dispersed through the genome. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CHMP7 Gene

charged multivesicular body protein 7

CHMP5 Gene

charged multivesicular body protein 5

CHMP5 belongs to the chromatin-modifying protein/charged multivesicular body protein (CHMP) family. These proteins are components of ESCRT-III (endosomal sorting complex required for transport III), a complex involved in degradation of surface receptor proteins and formation of endocytic multivesicular bodies (MVBs). Some CHMPs have both nuclear and cytoplasmic/vesicular distributions, and one such CHMP, CHMP1A (MIM 164010), is required for both MVB formation and regulation of cell cycle progression (Tsang et al., 2006 [PubMed 16730941]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

RPS4XP2 Gene

ribosomal protein S4X pseudogene 2

KRTAP11-1 Gene

keratin associated protein 11-1

LOC729468 Gene

putative PGM5-like protein 1

LOC101060086 Gene

cell cycle exit and neuronal differentiation protein 1-like

RPL35AP Gene

ribosomal protein L35a pseudogene

EBP Gene

emopamil binding protein (sterol isomerase)

The protein encoded by this gene is an integral membrane protein of the endoplasmic reticulum. It is a high affinity binding protein for the antiischemic phenylalkylamine Ca2+ antagonist [3H]emopamil and the photoaffinity label [3H]azidopamil. It is similar to sigma receptors and may be a member of a superfamily of high affinity drug-binding proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum of different tissues. This protein shares structural features with bacterial and eukaryontic drug transporting proteins. It has four putative transmembrane segments and contains two conserved glutamate residues which may be involved in the transport of cationic amphiphilics. Another prominent feature of this protein is its high content of aromatic amino acid residues (>23%) in its transmembrane segments. These aromatic amino acid residues have been suggested to be involved in the drug transport by the P-glycoprotein. Mutations in this gene cause Chondrodysplasia punctata 2 (CDPX2; also known as Conradi-Hunermann syndrome). [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LINC01091 Gene

long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 1091

LINC01090 Gene

long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 1090

LINC01093 Gene

long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 1093

LINC01095 Gene

long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 1095

LINC01094 Gene

long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 1094

LINC01097 Gene

long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 1097

LINC01096 Gene

long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 1096

LINC01098 Gene

long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 1098

PTPMT1 Gene

protein tyrosine phosphatase, mitochondrial 1

LINC00320 Gene

long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 320

LINC00323 Gene

long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 323

LINC00324 Gene

long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 324

LINC00326 Gene

long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 326

LINC00327 Gene

long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 327

LINC00328 Gene

long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 328

RAB3GAP2 Gene

RAB3 GTPase activating protein subunit 2 (non-catalytic)

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the RAB3 protein family, members of which are involved in regulated exocytosis of neurotransmitters and hormones. This protein forms the Rab3 GTPase-activating complex with RAB3GAP1, where it constitutes the regulatory subunit, whereas the latter functions as the catalytic subunit. This gene has the highest level of expression in the brain, consistent with it having a key role in neurodevelopment. Mutations in this gene are associated with Martsolf syndrome.[provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]

RAB3GAP1 Gene

RAB3 GTPase activating protein subunit 1 (catalytic)

This gene encodes the catalytic subunit of a Rab GTPase activating protein. The encoded protein forms a heterodimer with a non-catalytic subunit to specifically regulate the activity of members of the Rab3 subfamily of small G proteins. This protein mediates the hydrolysis of GTP bound Rab3 to the GDP bound form. Mutations in this gene are associated with Warburg micro syndrome. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants.[provided by RefSeq, Feb 2010]

SGSM3 Gene

small G protein signaling modulator 3

RPL35P7 Gene

ribosomal protein L35 pseudogene 7

LOC105370045 Gene

filamin-interacting protein FAM101A

GGA1 Gene

golgi-associated, gamma adaptin ear containing, ARF binding protein 1

This gene encodes a member of the Golgi-localized, gamma adaptin ear-containing, ARF-binding (GGA) protein family. Members of this family are ubiquitous coat proteins that regulate the trafficking of proteins between the trans-Golgi network and the lysosome. These proteins share an amino-terminal VHS domain which mediates sorting of the mannose 6-phosphate receptors at the trans-Golgi network. They also contain a carboxy-terminal region with homology to the ear domain of gamma-adaptins. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GGA3 Gene

golgi-associated, gamma adaptin ear containing, ARF binding protein 3

This gene encodes a member of the Golgi-localized, gamma adaptin ear-containing, ARF-binding (GGA) family. This family includes ubiquitous coat proteins that regulate the trafficking of proteins between the trans-Golgi network and the lysosome. These proteins share an amino-terminal VHS domain which mediates sorting of the mannose 6-phosphate receptors at the trans-Golgi network. They also contain a carboxy-terminal region with homology to the ear domain of gamma-adaptins. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants have been identified in this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2010]

GGA2 Gene

golgi-associated, gamma adaptin ear containing, ARF binding protein 2

This gene encodes a member of the Golgi-localized, gamma adaptin ear-containing, ARF-binding (GGA) family. This family includes ubiquitous coat proteins that regulate the trafficking of proteins between the trans-Golgi network and the lysosome. These proteins share an amino-terminal VHS domain which mediates sorting of the mannose 6-phosphate receptors at the trans-Golgi network. They also contain a carboxy-terminal region with homology to the ear domain of gamma-adaptins. This family member may play a significant role in cargo molecules regulation and clathrin-coated vesicle assembly. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GJC2 Gene

gap junction protein, gamma 2, 47kDa

This gene encodes a gap junction protein. Gap junction proteins are members of a large family of homologous connexins and comprise 4 transmembrane, 2 extracellular, and 3 cytoplasmic domains. This gene plays a key role in central myelination and is involved in peripheral myelination in humans. Defects in this gene are the cause of autosomal recessive Pelizaeus-Merzbacher-like disease-1. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GJC3 Gene

gap junction protein, gamma 3, 30.2kDa

This gene encodes a gap junction protein. The encoded protein, also known as a connexin, plays a role in formation of gap junctions, which provide direct connections between neighboring cells. Mutations in this gene have been reported to be associated with nonsyndromic hearing loss.[provided by RefSeq, Feb 2010]

GJC1 Gene

gap junction protein, gamma 1, 45kDa

This gene is a member of the connexin gene family. The encoded protein is a component of gap junctions, which are composed of arrays of intercellular channels that provide a route for the diffusion of low molecular weight materials from cell to cell. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same isoform have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LMBR1L Gene

limb development membrane protein 1-like

ITM2BP1 Gene

integral membrane protein 2B pseudogene 1

FLJ90680 Gene

FLJ90680 protein

LTN1 Gene

listerin E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 1

Like most RING finger proteins, LTN1 functions as an E3 ubiquitin ligase (Chu et al., 2009 [PubMed 19196968]).[supplied by OMIM, Nov 2010]

VPS13D Gene

vacuolar protein sorting 13 homolog D (S. cerevisiae)

This gene encodes a protein belonging to the vacuolar-protein-sorting-13 gene family. In yeast, vacuolar-protein-sorting-13 proteins are involved in trafficking of membrane proteins between the trans-Golgi network and the prevacuolar compartment. While several transcript variants may exist for this gene, the full-length natures of only two have been described to date. These two represent the major variants of this gene and encode distinct isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

VPS13A Gene

vacuolar protein sorting 13 homolog A (S. cerevisiae)

The protein encoded by this gene may control steps in the cycling of proteins through the trans-Golgi network to endosomes, lysosomes and the plasma membrane. Mutations in this gene cause the autosomal recessive disorder, chorea-acanthocytosis. Alternative splicing of this gene results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SH3KBP1 Gene

SH3-domain kinase binding protein 1

This gene encodes an adapter protein that contains three N-terminal Src homology domains, a proline rich region and a C-terminal coiled-coil domain. The encoded protein facilitates protein-protein interactions and has been implicated in numerous cellular processes including apoptosis, cytoskeletal rearrangement, cell adhesion and in the regulation of clathrin-dependent endocytosis. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants.[provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

VPS13C Gene

vacuolar protein sorting 13 homolog C (S. cerevisiae)

This gene encodes a member of the vacuolar protein sorting-associated 13 gene family. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2010]

VPS13B Gene

vacuolar protein sorting 13 homolog B (yeast)

This gene encodes a potential transmembrane protein that may function in vesicle-mediated transport and sorting of proteins within the cell. This protein may play a role in the development and the function of the eye, hematological system, and central nervous system. Mutations in this gene have been associated with Cohen syndrome. Multiple splice variants encoding distinct isoforms have been identified for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC101929185 Gene

putative glycine-rich cell wall structural protein 1

RPLP2P2 Gene

ribosomal protein, large, P2 pseudogene 2

SNAP91 Gene

synaptosomal-associated protein, 91kDa

LOC101926982 Gene

protein GVQW1-like

LOC101926984 Gene

putative uncharacterized protein FLJ43826

LOC101926986 Gene

glioma tumor suppressor candidate region gene 1 protein-like

LOC105371032 Gene

polyadenylate-binding protein 4 pseudogene

RPL15P3 Gene

ribosomal protein L15 pseudogene 3

RPL15P2 Gene

ribosomal protein L15 pseudogene 2

RPL15P1 Gene

ribosomal protein L15 pseudogene 1

RPL15P7 Gene

ribosomal protein L15 pseudogene 7

RPL15P6 Gene

ribosomal protein L15 pseudogene 6

RPL15P5 Gene

ribosomal protein L15 pseudogene 5

RPL15P4 Gene

ribosomal protein L15 pseudogene 4

RPL15P9 Gene

ribosomal protein L15 pseudogene 9

RPL15P8 Gene

ribosomal protein L15 pseudogene 8

LOC100271907 Gene

myotubularin related protein 7 pseudogene

LINC01215 Gene

long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 1215

LINC01214 Gene

long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 1214

SYCE1 Gene

synaptonemal complex central element protein 1

LINC00847 Gene

long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 847

RALBP1 Gene

ralA binding protein 1

RALBP1 plays a role in receptor-mediated endocytosis and is a downstream effector of the small GTP-binding protein RAL (see RALA; MIM 179550). Small G proteins, such as RAL, have GDP-bound inactive and GTP-bound active forms, which shift from the inactive to the active state through the action of RALGDS (MIM 601619), which in turn is activated by RAS (see HRAS; MIM 190020) (summary by Feig, 2003 [PubMed 12888294]).[supplied by OMIM, Nov 2010]

ZNF831 Gene

zinc finger protein 831

ZNF830 Gene

zinc finger protein 830

ZNF835 Gene

zinc finger protein 835

ZNF837 Gene

zinc finger protein 837

ZNF836 Gene

zinc finger protein 836

ZNF839 Gene

zinc finger protein 839

MRPS24P1 Gene

mitochondrial ribosomal protein S24 pseudogene 1

LINC00849 Gene

long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 849

TSPY8 Gene

testis specific protein, Y-linked 8

ZPBP Gene

zona pellucida binding protein

ZPBP is one of several proteins that are thought to participate in secondary binding between acrosome-reacted sperm and the egg-specific extracellular matrix, the zona pellucida (McLeskey et al., 1998 [PubMed 9378618]).[supplied by OMIM, Aug 2008]

TSPY2 Gene

testis specific protein, Y-linked 2

TSPY1 Gene

testis specific protein, Y-linked 1

The protein encoded by this gene is found only in testicular tissue and may be involved in spermatogenesis. Approximately 35 copies of this gene are present in humans, but only a single, nonfunctional orthologous gene is found in mouse. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2010]

ITCH Gene

itchy E3 ubiquitin protein ligase

This gene encodes a member of the Nedd4 family of HECT domain E3 ubiquitin ligases. HECT domain E3 ubiquitin ligases transfer ubiquitin from E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes to protein substrates, thus targeting specific proteins for lysosomal degradation. The encoded protein plays a role in multiple cellular processes including erythroid and lymphoid cell differentiation and the regulation of immune responses. Mutations in this gene are a cause of syndromic multisystem autoimmune disease. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2012]

CHMP4A Gene

charged multivesicular body protein 4A

CHMP4A belongs to the chromatin-modifying protein/charged multivesicular body protein (CHMP) family. These proteins are components of ESCRT-III (endosomal sorting complex required for transport III), a complex involved in degradation of surface receptor proteins and formation of endocytic multivesicular bodies (MVBs). Some CHMPs have both nuclear and cytoplasmic/vesicular distributions, and one such CHMP, CHMP1A (MIM 164010), is required for both MVB formation and regulation of cell cycle progression (Tsang et al., 2006 [PubMed 16730941]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

CHMP4B Gene

charged multivesicular body protein 4B

This gene encodes a member of the chromatin-modifying protein/charged multivesicular body protein (CHMP) protein family. The protein is part of the endosomal sorting complex required for transport (ESCRT) complex III (ESCRT-III), which functions in the sorting of endocytosed cell-surface receptors into multivesicular endosomes. The ESCRT machinery also functions in the final abscisson stage of cytokinesis and in the budding of enveloped viruses such as HIV-1. The three proteins of the CHMP4 subfamily interact with programmed cell death 6 interacting protein (PDCD6IP, also known as ALIX), which also functions in the ESCRT pathway. The CHMP4 proteins assemble into membrane-attached 5-nm filaments that form circular scaffolds and promote or stabilize outward budding. These polymers are proposed to help generate the luminal vesicles of multivesicular bodies. Mutations in this gene result in autosomal dominant posterior polar cataracts.[provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]

CHMP4C Gene

charged multivesicular body protein 4C

CHMP4C belongs to the chromatin-modifying protein/charged multivesicular body protein (CHMP) family. These proteins are components of ESCRT-III (endosomal sorting complex required for transport III), a complex involved in degradation of surface receptor proteins and formation of endocytic multivesicular bodies (MVBs). Some CHMPs have both nuclear and cytoplasmic/vesicular distributions, and one such CHMP, CHMP1A (MIM 164010), is required for both MVB formation and regulation of cell cycle progression (Tsang et al., 2006 [PubMed 16730941]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

COBLL1 Gene

cordon-bleu WH2 repeat protein-like 1

LOC100421595 Gene

thyroid hormone receptor associated protein 3 pseudogene

WBP2P1 Gene

WW domain binding protein 2 pseudogene 1

ZNF304 Gene

zinc finger protein 304

ZNF302 Gene

zinc finger protein 302

This gene encodes a member of the zinc-finger protein family. The encoded protein contains seven C2H2-type zinc fingers and a KRAB domain, but its function has yet to be determined. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2014]

ZNF300 Gene

zinc finger protein 300

The protein encoded by this gene is a C2H2-type zinc finger DNA binding protein and likely transcriptional regulator. The function of this protein is not yet known. Three transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Mar 2010]

LOC100419755 Gene

zinc finger protein 426 pseudogene

PPP3CA Gene

protein phosphatase 3, catalytic subunit, alpha isozyme

PPP3CB Gene

protein phosphatase 3, catalytic subunit, beta isozyme

PPP3CC Gene

protein phosphatase 3, catalytic subunit, gamma isozyme

Calcineurin is a calcium-dependent, calmodulin-stimulated protein phosphatase involved in the downstream regulation of dopaminergic signal transduction. Calcineurin is composed of a regulatory subunit and a catalytic subunit. The protein encoded by this gene represents one of the regulatory subunits that has been found for calcineurin. Three transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2011]

RPL12 Gene

ribosomal protein L12

Ribosomes, the organelles that catalyze protein synthesis, consist of a small 40S subunit and a large 60S subunit. Together these subunits are composed of 4 RNA species and approximately 80 structurally distinct proteins. This gene encodes a ribosomal protein that is a component of the 60S subunit. The protein belongs to the L11P family of ribosomal proteins. It is located in the cytoplasm. The protein binds directly to the 26S rRNA. This gene is co-transcribed with the U65 snoRNA, which is located in its fourth intron. As is typical for genes encoding ribosomal proteins, there are multiple processed pseudogenes of this gene dispersed through the genome. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC359819 Gene

mitochondrial ribosomal protein L39 pseudogene

GACAT2 Gene

gastric cancer associated transcript 2 (non-protein coding)

GACAT1 Gene

gastric cancer associated transcript 1 (non-protein coding)

LOC347381 Gene

hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase/3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase/enoyl-CoA hydratase (trifunctional protein), beta subunit pseudogene

RPL17P37 Gene

ribosomal protein L17 pseudogene 37

LINC01251 Gene

long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 1251

LINC01250 Gene

long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 1250

LINC01257 Gene

long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 1257

TIAL1 Gene

TIA1 cytotoxic granule-associated RNA binding protein-like 1

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of a family of RNA-binding proteins, has three RNA recognition motifs (RRMs), and binds adenine and uridine-rich elements in mRNA and pre-mRNAs of a wide range of genes. It regulates various activities including translational control, splicing and apoptosis. Alternate transcriptional splice variants, encoding different isoforms, have been characterized. The different isoforms have been show to function differently with respect to post-transcriptional silencing. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

FUBP3 Gene

far upstream element (FUSE) binding protein 3

FUBP1 Gene

far upstream element (FUSE) binding protein 1

The protein encoded by this gene is a single stranded DNA-binding protein that binds to multiple DNA elements, including the far upstream element (FUSE) located upstream of c-myc. Binding to FUSE occurs on the non-coding strand, and is important to the regulation of c-myc in undifferentiated cells. This protein contains three domains, an amphipathic helix N-terminal domain, a DNA-binding central domain, and a C-terminal transactivation domain that contains three tyrosine-rich motifs. The N-terminal domain is thought to repress the activity of the C-terminal domain. This protein is also thought to bind RNA, and contains 3'-5' helicase activity with in vitro activity on both DNA-DNA and RNA-RNA duplexes. Aberrant expression of this gene has been found in malignant tissues, and this gene is important to neural system and lung development. Binding of this protein to viral RNA is thought to play a role in several viral diseases, including hepatitis C and hand, foot and mouth disease. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2014]

SCHIP1 Gene

schwannomin interacting protein 1

SAP30 Gene

Sin3A-associated protein, 30kDa

Histone acetylation plays a key role in the regulation of eukaryotic gene expression. Histone acetylation and deacetylation are catalyzed by multisubunit complexes. The protein encoded by this gene is a component of the histone deacetylase complex, which includes SIN3, SAP18, HDAC1, HDAC2, RbAp46, RbAp48, and other polypeptides. This complex is active in deacetylating core histone octamers, but inactive in deacetylating nucleosomal histones. A pseudogene of this gene is located on chromosome 3. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC100533903 Gene

ribosomal protein L3 pseudogene

LOC100533902 Gene

ribosomal protein L3 pseudogene

LOC100533900 Gene

ribosomal protein L3 pseudogene

RPL37P9 Gene

ribosomal protein L37 pseudogene 9

RPL37P8 Gene

ribosomal protein L37 pseudogene 8

BRIP1 Gene

BRCA1 interacting protein C-terminal helicase 1

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the RecQ DEAH helicase family and interacts with the BRCT repeats of breast cancer, type 1 (BRCA1). The bound complex is important in the normal double-strand break repair function of breast cancer, type 1 (BRCA1). This gene may be a target of germline cancer-inducing mutations. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PATL2 Gene

protein associated with topoisomerase II homolog 2 (yeast)

IL18RAP Gene

interleukin 18 receptor accessory protein

The protein encoded by this gene is an accessory subunit of the heterodimeric receptor for interleukin 18 (IL18), a proinflammatory cytokine involved in inducing cell-mediated immunity. This protein enhances the IL18-binding activity of the IL18 receptor and plays a role in signaling by IL18. Mutations in this gene are associated with Crohn's disease and inflammatory bowel disease, and susceptibility to celiac disease and leprosy. Alternatively spliced transcript variants of this gene have been described, but their full-length nature is not known. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2014]

FKBP14 Gene

FK506 binding protein 14, 22 kDa

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the FK506-binding protein family of peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerases. The encoded protein is found in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum, where it is thought to accelerate protein folding. Defects in this gene are a cause of a type of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS). Both a protein-coding variant and noncoding variants are transcribed from this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2012]

FKBP15 Gene

FK506 binding protein 15, 133kDa

FKBP10 Gene

FK506 binding protein 10, 65 kDa

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the FKBP-type peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans isomerase (PPIase) family. This protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum and acts as a molecular chaperone. Alternatively spliced variants encoding different isoforms have been reported, but their biological validity has not been determined.[provided by RefSeq, Nov 2009]

FKBP11 Gene

FK506 binding protein 11, 19 kDa

FKBP11 belongs to the FKBP family of peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans isomerases, which catalyze the folding of proline-containing polypeptides. The peptidyl-prolyl isomerase activity of FKBP proteins is inhibited by the immunosuppressant compounds FK506 and rapamycin (Rulten et al., 2006 [PubMed 16596453]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

FBXO10 Gene

F-box protein 10

Members of the F-box protein family, such as FBXO10, are characterized by an approximately 40-amino acid F-box motif. SCF complexes, formed by SKP1 (MIM 601434), cullin (see CUL1; MIM 603134), and F-box proteins, act as protein-ubiquitin ligases. F-box proteins interact with SKP1 through the F box, and they interact with ubiquitination targets through other protein interaction domains (Jin et al., 2004 [PubMed 15520277]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

FBXO11 Gene

F-box protein 11

This gene encodes a member of the F-box protein family which is characterized by an approximately 40 amino acid motif, the F-box. The F-box proteins constitute one of the four subunits of ubiquitin protein ligase complex called SCFs (SKP1-cullin-F-box), which function in phosphorylation-dependent ubiquitination. The F-box proteins are divided into 3 classes: Fbws containing WD-40 domains, Fbls containing leucine-rich repeats, and Fbxs containing either different protein-protein interaction modules or no recognizable motifs. The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the Fbxs class. It can function as an arginine methyltransferase that symmetrically dimethylates arginine residues, and it acts as an adaptor protein to mediate the neddylation of p53, which leads to the suppression of p53 function. This gene is known to be down-regulated in melanocytes from patients with vitiligo, a skin disorder that results in depigmentation. Polymorphisms in this gene are associated with chronic otitis media with effusion and recurrent otitis media (COME/ROM), a hearing loss disorder, and the knockout of the homologous mouse gene results in the deaf mouse mutant Jeff (Jf), a single gene model of otitis media. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been identified for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2010]

FBXO16 Gene

F-box protein 16

This gene encodes a member of the F-box protein family, members of which are characterized by an approximately 40 amino acid motif, the F-box. The F-box proteins constitute one of the four subunits of ubiquitin protein ligase complex called SCFs (SKP1-cullin-F-box), which function in phosphorylation-dependent ubiquitination. The F-box proteins are divided into three classes: Fbws containing WD-40 domains, Fbls containing leucine-rich repeats, and Fbxs containing either different protein-protein interaction modules or no recognizable motifs. The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the Fbx class. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2012]

FBXO17 Gene

F-box protein 17

This gene encodes a member of the F-box protein family which is characterized by the F-box motif. The F-box proteins constitute one of the four subunits of the ubiquitin protein ligase complex called SCFs (SKP1-cullin-F-box), which function in phosphorylation-dependent ubiquitination. The F-box proteins are divided into 3 classes: Fbws containing WD-40 domains, Fbls containing leucine-rich repeats, and Fbxs containing either different protein-protein interaction modules or no recognizable motifs. The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the Fbxs class and it contains an F-box domain. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2013]

FBXO15 Gene

F-box protein 15

Members of the F-box protein family, such as FBXO15, are characterized by an approximately 40-amino acid F-box motif. SCF complexes, formed by SKP1 (MIM 601434), cullin (see CUL1; MIM 603134), and F-box proteins, act as protein-ubiquitin ligases. F-box proteins interact with SKP1 through the F box, and they interact with ubiquitination targets through other protein interaction domains (Jin et al., 2004 [PubMed 15520277]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

KRTAP1-1 Gene

keratin associated protein 1-1

This protein is a member of the keratin-associated protein (KAP) family. The KAP proteins form a matrix of keratin intermediate filaments which contribute to the structure of hair fibers. KAP family members appear to have unique, family-specific amino- and carboxyl-terminal regions and are subdivided into three multi-gene families according to amino acid composition: the high sulfur, the ultrahigh sulfur, and the high tyrosine/glycine KAPs. This protein is a member of the high sulfur KAP family and the gene is localized to a cluster of KAPs at 17q12-q21. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

KRTAP1-3 Gene

keratin associated protein 1-3

This protein is a member of the keratin-associated protein (KAP) family. The KAP proteins form a matrix of keratin intermediate filaments which contribute to the structure of hair fibers. KAP family members appear to have unique, family-specific amino- and carboxyl-terminal regions and are subdivided into three multi-gene families according to amino acid composition: the high sulfur, the ultrahigh sulfur, and the high tyrosine/glycine KAPs. This protein is a member of the high sulfur KAP family and the gene is localized to a cluster of KAPs at 17q12-q21. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

KRTAP1-4 Gene

keratin associated protein 1-4

The main structural proteins of mammalian hair fiber are the hair keratins (see MIM 601077) and the keratin-associated proteins (KAPs), which form a rigid and resistant hair shaft through extensive disulfide bond crosslinking with the abundant cysteines of hair keratins (Shimomura et al., 2002 [PubMed 12228244]).[supplied by OMIM, Jan 2009]

KRTAP1-5 Gene

keratin associated protein 1-5

This protein is a member of the keratin-associated protein (KAP) family. The KAP proteins form a matrix of keratin intermediate filaments which contribute to the structure of hair fibers. KAP family members appear to have unique, family-specific amino- and carboxyl-terminal regions and are subdivided into three multi-gene families according to amino acid composition: the high sulfur, the ultrahigh sulfur, and the high tyrosine/glycine KAPs. This protein is a member of the high sulfur KAP family and the gene is localized to a cluster of KAPs at 17q12-q21. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

RPL7P57 Gene

ribosomal protein L7 pseudogene 57

LOC127011 Gene

ATPase, H+ transporting, lysosomal accessory protein 2 pseudogene

FKBP1B Gene

FK506 binding protein 1B, 12.6 kDa

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the immunophilin protein family, which play a role in immunoregulation and basic cellular processes involving protein folding and trafficking. This encoded protein is a cis-trans prolyl isomerase that binds the immunosuppressants FK506 and rapamycin. It is highly similar to the FK506-binding protein 1A. Its physiological role is thought to be in excitation-contraction coupling in cardiac muscle. There are two alternatively spliced transcript variants of this gene encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

FKBP1C Gene

FK506 binding protein 1C

FKBP1A Gene

FK506 binding protein 1A, 12kDa

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the immunophilin protein family, which play a role in immunoregulation and basic cellular processes involving protein folding and trafficking. The protein is a cis-trans prolyl isomerase that binds the immunosuppressants FK506 and rapamycin. It interacts with several intracellular signal transduction proteins including type I TGF-beta receptor. It also interacts with multiple intracellular calcium release channels, and coordinates multi-protein complex formation of the tetrameric skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor. In mouse, deletion of this homologous gene causes congenital heart disorder known as noncompaction of left ventricular myocardium. Multiple alternatively spliced variants, encoding the same protein, have been identified. The human genome contains five pseudogenes related to this gene, at least one of which is transcribed. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2008]

RPL17P6 Gene

ribosomal protein L17 pseudogene 6

MAP10 Gene

microtubule-associated protein 10

RPL17P9 Gene

ribosomal protein L17 pseudogene 9

LOC100133102 Gene

ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 2 (rho family, small GTP binding protein Rac2) pseudogene

RPL17P8 Gene

ribosomal protein L17 pseudogene 8

MAP1A Gene

microtubule-associated protein 1A

This gene encodes a protein that belongs to the microtubule-associated protein family. The proteins of this family are thought to be involved in microtubule assembly, which is an essential step in neurogenesis. The product of this gene is a precursor polypeptide that presumably undergoes proteolytic processing to generate the final MAP1A heavy chain and LC2 light chain. Expression of this gene is almost exclusively in the brain. Studies of the rat microtubule-associated protein 1A gene suggested a role in early events of spinal cord development. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

MAP1B Gene

microtubule-associated protein 1B

This gene encodes a protein that belongs to the microtubule-associated protein family. The proteins of this family are thought to be involved in microtubule assembly, which is an essential step in neurogenesis. The product of this gene is a precursor polypeptide that presumably undergoes proteolytic processing to generate the final MAP1B heavy chain and LC1 light chain. Gene knockout studies of the mouse microtubule-associated protein 1B gene suggested an important role in development and function of the nervous system. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

MAP1S Gene

microtubule-associated protein 1S

CCP110 Gene

centriolar coiled coil protein 110kDa

RPL18A Gene

ribosomal protein L18a

Ribosomes, the organelles that catalyze protein synthesis, consist of a small 40S subunit and a large 60S subunit. Together these subunits are composed of 4 RNA species and approximately 80 structurally distinct proteins. This gene encodes a member of the L18AE family of ribosomal proteins that is a component of the 60S subunit. The encoded protein may play a role in viral replication by interacting with the hepatitis C virus internal ribosome entry site (IRES). This gene is co-transcribed with the U68 snoRNA, located within the third intron. As is typical for genes encoding ribosomal proteins, there are multiple processed pseudogenes of this gene dispersed throughout the genome. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2012]

FOXCUT Gene

FOXC1 upstream transcript (non-protein coding)

TARDBPP1 Gene

TAR DNA binding protein pseudogene 1

TARDBPP2