Name

BioGPS Human Cell Type and Tissue Gene Expression Profiles Dataset

From BioGPS

mRNA expression profiles for human tissues and cell types

BioGPS Mouse Cell Type and Tissue Gene Expression Profiles Dataset

From BioGPS

mRNA expression profiles for mouse tissues and cell types

HPM Cell Type and Tissue Protein Expression Profiles Dataset

From Human Proteome Map

protein expression profiles for tissues and cell types

ProteomicsDB Cell Type and Tissue Protein Expression Profiles Dataset

From Proteomics Database

protein expression profiles for tissues and cell types reprocessed from many proteomics datasets

Roadmap Epigenomics Cell and Tissue DNA Accessibility Profiles Dataset

From Roadmap Epigenomics

DNA accessibility profiles for primary cell types and tissues

Roadmap Epigenomics Cell and Tissue DNA Methylation Profiles Dataset

From Roadmap Epigenomics

DNA methylation profiles for primary cell types and tissues

Roadmap Epigenomics Cell and Tissue Gene Expression Profiles Dataset

From Roadmap Epigenomics

mRNA expression profiles for primary cell types and tissues

ESCAPE Omics Signatures of Genes and Proteins for Stem Cells Dataset

From ESCAPE

sets of target genes of transcription factors from published ChIP-chip, ChIP-seq, and other transcription factor binding site profiling studies;sets of differentially expressed genes following perturbation of a protein from gene expression data in GEO; sets of interacting proteins from high- and low-throughput protein-protein interaction studies; sets of targets of microRNAs from public databases, computationally predicted or experimentally verified

Achilles Cell Line Gene Essentiality Profiles Dataset

From Achilles

fitness scores for cell lines following single gene knockdowns

BioGPS Cell Line Gene Expression Profiles Dataset

From BioGPS

mRNA expression profiles for the NCI-60 panel of cancer cell lines

CCLE Cell Line Gene CNV Profiles Dataset

From Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia

gene-level copy number variation profiles for cancer cell lines

CCLE Cell Line Gene Expression Profiles Dataset

From Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia

mRNA expression profiles for cancer cell lines

CCLE Cell Line Gene Mutation Profiles Dataset

From Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia

gene-level mutation profiles for cancer cell lines

COSMIC Cell Line Gene CNV Profiles Dataset

From Catalogue of Somatic Mutations In Cancer

gene-level copy number variation profiles for cancer cell lines

COSMIC Cell Line Gene Mutation Profiles Dataset

From Catalogue of Somatic Mutations In Cancer

gene mutations in cancer cell lines from low-throughput or high-throughput studies

GDSC Cell Line Gene Expression Profiles Dataset

From Genomics of Drug Sensitivity in Cancer

mRNA expression profiles for cancer cell lines

Heiser et al., PNAS, 2011 Cell Line Gene Expression Profiles Dataset

From Heiser et al., PNAS, 2011

mRNA expression profiles for breast cancer cell lines measured by microarray

HPA Cell Line Gene Expression Profiles Dataset

From Human Protein Atlas

mRNA expression profiles for cell lines

Klijn et al., Nat. Biotechnol., 2015 Cell Line Gene CNV Profiles Dataset

From Klijn et al., Nat. Biotechnol., 2015

gene-level copy number variation profiles for cancer cell lines

Klijn et al., Nat. Biotechnol., 2015 Cell Line Gene Expression Profiles Dataset

From Klijn et al., Nat. Biotechnol., 2015

mRNA expression profiles for cancer cell lines

Klijn et al., Nat. Biotechnol., 2015 Cell Line Gene Mutation Profiles Dataset

From Klijn et al., Nat. Biotechnol., 2015

gene mutations in cancer cell lines

dbGAP Gene-Trait Associations Dataset

From Database of Genotypes and Phenotypes

gene-trait associations curated from genetic association studies

KEGG Pathways Dataset

From Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

sets of proteins participating in pathways

SART1 Gene

squamous cell carcinoma antigen recognized by T cells

This gene encodes two proteins, the SART1(800) protein expressed in the nucleus of the majority of proliferating cells, and the SART1(259) protein expressed in the cytosol of epithelial cancers. The SART1(259) protein is translated by the mechanism of -1 frameshifting during posttranscriptional regulation; its full-length sequence is not published yet. The two encoded proteins are thought to be involved in the regulation of proliferation. Both proteins have tumor-rejection antigens. The SART1(259) protein possesses tumor epitopes capable of inducing HLA-A2402-restricted cytotoxic T lymphocytes in cancer patients. This SART1(259) antigen may be useful in specific immunotherapy for cancer patients and may serve as a paradigmatic tool for the diagnosis and treatment of patients with atopy. The SART1(259) protein is found to be essential for the recruitment of the tri-snRNP to the pre-spliceosome in the spliceosome assembly pathway. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SART3 Gene

squamous cell carcinoma antigen recognized by T cells 3

The protein encoded by this gene is an RNA-binding nuclear protein that is a tumor-rejection antigen. This antigen possesses tumor epitopes capable of inducing HLA-A24-restricted and tumor-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes in cancer patients and may be useful for specific immunotherapy. This gene product is found to be an important cellular factor for HIV-1 gene expression and viral replication. It also associates transiently with U6 and U4/U6 snRNPs during the recycling phase of the spliceosome cycle. This encoded protein is thought to be involved in the regulation of mRNA splicing. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CRNKL1 Gene

crooked neck pre-mRNA splicing factor 1

The crooked neck (crn) gene of Drosophila is essential for embryogenesis and is thought to be involved in cell cycle progression and pre-mRNA splicing. A protein encoded by this human locus has been found to localize to pre-mRNA splicing complexes in the nucleus and is necessary for pre-mRNA splicing. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2013]

MIR7848 Gene

microRNA 7848

microRNAs (miRNAs) are short (20-24 nt) non-coding RNAs that are involved in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression in multicellular organisms by affecting both the stability and translation of mRNAs. miRNAs are transcribed by RNA polymerase II as part of capped and polyadenylated primary transcripts (pri-miRNAs) that can be either protein-coding or non-coding. The primary transcript is cleaved by the Drosha ribonuclease III enzyme to produce an approximately 70-nt stem-loop precursor miRNA (pre-miRNA), which is further cleaved by the cytoplasmic Dicer ribonuclease to generate the mature miRNA and antisense miRNA star (miRNA*) products. The mature miRNA is incorporated into a RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC), which recognizes target mRNAs through imperfect base pairing with the miRNA and most commonly results in translational inhibition or destabilization of the target mRNA. The RefSeq represents the predicted microRNA stem-loop. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2009]

NCBP2-AS2 Gene

NCBP2 antisense RNA 2 (head to head)

CTBP1-AS2 Gene

CTBP1 antisense RNA 2 (head to head)

APCDD1L-AS1 Gene

APCDD1L antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

NOVA1-AS1 Gene

NOVA1 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

CDIPT-AS1 Gene

CDIPT antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

TESC-AS1 Gene

TESC antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

PSMD5-AS1 Gene

PSMD5 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

ST3GAL5-AS1 Gene

ST3GAL5 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

CPEB2-AS1 Gene

CPEB2 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

DOCK9-AS2 Gene

DOCK9 antisense RNA 2 (head to head)

PAXIP1-AS1 Gene

PAXIP1 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

SSSCA1-AS1 Gene

SSSCA1 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

TAPT1-AS1 Gene

TAPT1 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

BSN-AS2 Gene

BSN antisense RNA 2 (head to head)

NIPBL-AS1 Gene

NIPBL antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

SEPSECS-AS1 Gene

SEPSECS antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

USP12-AS2 Gene

USP12 antisense RNA 2 (head to head)

IBA57-AS1 Gene

IBA57 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

HAND2-AS1 Gene

HAND2 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

ITPR1-AS1 Gene

ITPR1 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

RAD51-AS1 Gene

RAD51 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

LMCD1-AS1 Gene

LMCD1 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

CDKN2A-AS1 Gene

CDKN2A antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

LLPH-AS1 Gene

LLPH antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

OTUD6B-AS1 Gene

OTUD6B antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

PTGES2-AS1 Gene

PTGES2 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

PIK3IP1-AS1 Gene

PIK3IP1 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

ZNF793-AS1 Gene

ZNF793 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

ZNF667-AS1 Gene

ZNF667 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

GDNF-AS1 Gene

GDNF antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

LBX1-AS1 Gene

LBX1 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

GMDS-AS1 Gene

GMDS antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

LRRC3-AS1 Gene

LRRC3 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

FLVCR1-AS1 Gene

FLVCR1 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

MLLT4-AS1 Gene

MLLT4 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

MAN1B1-AS1 Gene

MAN1B1 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

RGPD4-AS1 Gene

RGPD4 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

RNF139-AS1 Gene

RNF139 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

RRS1-AS1 Gene

RRS1 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

ARHGAP5-AS1 Gene

ARHGAP5 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

ZNF674-AS1 Gene

ZNF674 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

OSER1-AS1 Gene

OSER1 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

UBE2E2-AS1 Gene

UBE2E2 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

SEPT7-AS1 Gene

SEPT7 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

STK4-AS1 Gene

STK4 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

SPATA8-AS1 Gene

SPATA8 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

OTX2-AS1 Gene

OTX2 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

CELSR3-AS1 Gene

CELSR3 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

FOXD2-AS1 Gene

FOXD2 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

SEMA3B-AS1 Gene

SEMA3B antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

NDUFA6-AS1 Gene

NDUFA6 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

EPB41L4A-AS2 Gene

EPB41L4A antisense RNA 2 (head to head)

KMT2E-AS1 Gene

KMT2E antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

STX18-AS1 Gene

STX18 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

NUP50-AS1 Gene

NUP50 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

RAB30-AS1 Gene

RAB30 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

FBXL19-AS1 Gene

FBXL19 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

SRP54-AS1 Gene

SRP54 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

BMPR1B-AS1 Gene

BMPR1B antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

URB1-AS1 Gene

URB1 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

RPL34-AS1 Gene

RPL34 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

ST3GAL4-AS1 Gene

ST3GAL4 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

BOLA3-AS1 Gene

BOLA3 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

MAGEA8-AS1 Gene

MAGEA8 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

FOXD3-AS1 Gene

FOXD3 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

DNAJC3-AS1 Gene

DNAJC3 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

RHPN1-AS1 Gene

RHPN1 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

CSTF3-AS1 Gene

CSTF3 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

DDR1-AS1 Gene

DDR1 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

FAM83H-AS1 Gene

FAM83H antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

CAPN10-AS1 Gene

CAPN10 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

GATA6-AS1 Gene

GATA6 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

SAP30L-AS1 Gene

SAP30L antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

MANEA-AS1 Gene

MANEA antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

ZC3H18-AS1 Gene

ZC3H18 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

FOXG1-AS1 Gene

FOXG1 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

ANO1-AS2 Gene

ANO1 antisense RNA 2 (head to head)

CEBPA-AS1 Gene

CEBPA antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

UBA6-AS1 Gene

UBA6 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

USP27X-AS1 Gene

USP27X antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

KLHL7-AS1 Gene

KLHL7 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

YTHDF3-AS1 Gene

YTHDF3 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

DIO3OS Gene

DIO3 opposite strand/antisense RNA (head to head)

The mouse and human DIO3OS and DIO3 (MIM 601038) genes overlap and are transcribed in opposite directions. The mouse Dio3 gene is imprinted from the paternal allele during fetal development, suggesting that DIO3OS is a noncoding gene that may have a role in maintaining monoallelic expression of DIO3 (Hernandez et al., 2004 [PubMed 14962667]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

DPH6-AS1 Gene

DPH6 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

GAS6-AS2 Gene

GAS6 antisense RNA 2 (head to head)

CHKB-AS1 Gene

CHKB antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

KCNJ2-AS1 Gene

KCNJ2 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

PPP3CB-AS1 Gene

PPP3CB antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

ZNF561-AS1 Gene

ZNF561 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

TRAM2-AS1 Gene

TRAM2 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

TGFB2-AS1 Gene

TGFB2 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

A2M-AS1 Gene

A2M antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

JHDM1D-AS1 Gene

JHDM1D antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

ZNF582-AS1 Gene

ZNF582 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

CCDC37-AS1 Gene

CCDC37 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

BARX1-AS1 Gene

BARX1 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

MEOX2-AS1 Gene

MEOX2 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

TOLLIP-AS1 Gene

TOLLIP antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

HTT-AS Gene

HTT antisense RNA (head to head)

RNF217-AS1 Gene

RNF217 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

MNX1-AS1 Gene

MNX1 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

EIF3J-AS1 Gene

EIF3J antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

SOX21-AS1 Gene

SOX21 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

TMCC1-AS1 Gene

TMCC1 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

STAM-AS1 Gene

STAM antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

GTSE1-AS1 Gene

GTSE1 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

OSMR-AS1 Gene

OSMR antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

PSMB8-AS1 Gene

PSMB8 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

TNKS2-AS1 Gene

TNKS2 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

NCK1-AS1 Gene

NCK1 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

USP2-AS1 Gene

USP2 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

C9ORF135-AS1 Gene

C9orf135 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

FZD10-AS1 Gene

FZD10 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

PKNOX2-AS1 Gene

PKNOX2 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

VWA8-AS1 Gene

VWA8 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

ZNF213-AS1 Gene

ZNF213 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

SUCLG2-AS1 Gene

SUCLG2 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

ILF3-AS1 Gene

ILF3 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

SMC2-AS1 Gene

SMC2 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

SMC5-AS1 Gene

SMC5 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

LYPLAL1-AS1 Gene

LYPLAL1 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

KCNC4-AS1 Gene

KCNC4 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

SRP14-AS1 Gene

SRP14 antisense RNA1 (head to head)

CFAP58-AS1 Gene

CFAP58 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

PTPRD-AS2 Gene

PTPRD antisense RNA 2 (head to head)

PSMG3-AS1 Gene

PSMG3 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

DLX2-AS1 Gene

DLX2 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

LHX5-AS1 Gene

LHX5 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

BAIAP2-AS1 Gene

BAIAP2 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

FBXO3-AS1 Gene

FBXO3 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

ID2-AS1 Gene

ID2 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

MAFG-AS1 Gene

MAFG antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

WAC-AS1 Gene

WAC antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

UBL7-AS1 Gene

UBL7 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

DNAJB5-AS1 Gene

DNAJB5 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

ZRANB2-AS2 Gene

ZRANB2 antisense RNA 2 (head to head)

UCHL1-AS1 Gene

UCHL1 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

PTCHD1-AS Gene

PTCHD1 antisense RNA (head to head)

TRIM52-AS1 Gene

TRIM52 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

SPATA3-AS1 Gene

SPATA3 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

PABPC1L2B-AS1 Gene

PABPC1L2B antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

IL10RB-AS1 Gene

IL10RB antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

CDC37L1-AS1 Gene

CDC37L1 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

CEP83-AS1 Gene

CEP83 antisense RNA 1 (head to head)

RSPH9 Gene

radial spoke head 9 homolog (Chlamydomonas)

This gene encodes a protein thought to be a component of the radial spoke head in motile cilia and flagella. Mutations in this gene are associated with primary ciliary dyskinesia 12. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants.[provided by RefSeq, Jul 2010]

RSPH10B Gene

radial spoke head 10 homolog B (Chlamydomonas)

RSPH10B2 Gene

radial spoke head 10 homolog B2 (Chlamydomonas)

RSPH1 Gene

radial spoke head 1 homolog (Chlamydomonas)

This gene encodes a male meiotic metaphase chromosome-associated acidic protein. This gene is expressed in tissues with motile cilia or flagella, including the trachea, lungs, airway brushings, and testes. Mutations in this gene result in primary ciliary dyskinesia-24. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2014]

RSPH6A Gene

radial spoke head 6 homolog A (Chlamydomonas)

The protein encoded by this gene is similar to a sea urchin radial spoke head protein. Radial spoke protein complexes form part of the axoneme of eukaryotic flagella and are located between the axoneme's outer ring of doublet microtubules and central pair of microtubules. In Chlamydomonas, radial spoke proteins are thought to regulate the activity of dynein and the symmetry of flagellar bending patterns. This gene maps to a region of chromosome 19 that is linked to primary ciliary dyskinesia-2 (CILD2). [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

RSPH14 Gene

radial spoke head 14 homolog (Chlamydomonas)

This gene encodes a protein with no known function but with slight similarity to a yeast vacuolar protein. The gene is located in a region deleted in pediatric rhabdoid tumors of the brain, kidney and soft tissues, but mutations in this gene have not been associated with the disease. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CYLC1 Gene

cylicin, basic protein of sperm head cytoskeleton 1

This gene encodes a sperm head cytoskeletal protein. The encoded protein is associated with the calyx of spermatozoa and spermatids. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2012]

CYLC2 Gene

cylicin, basic protein of sperm head cytoskeleton 2

Cylicin II (CYCL2) is specifically expressed in testis and is part of the cytoskeletal calyx of mammalian sperm heads. Cylicin II may play a role in the morphogenesis of the sperm head. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

RSPH4A Gene

radial spoke head 4 homolog A (Chlamydomonas)

This gene encodes a protein that appears to be a component the radial spoke head, as determined by homology to similar proteins in the biflagellate alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and other ciliates. Radial spokes, which are regularly spaced along cilia, sperm, and flagella axonemes, consist of a thin 'stalk' and a bulbous 'head' that form a signal transduction scaffold between the central pair of microtubules and dynein. Mutations in this gene cause primary ciliary dyskinesia 1, a disease arising from dysmotility of motile cilia and sperm. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2009]

CRTAM Gene

cytotoxic and regulatory T cell molecule

The CRTAM gene is upregulated in CD4 (see MIM 186940)-positive and CD8 (see CD8A; MIM 186910)-positive T cells and encodes a type I transmembrane protein with V and C1-like Ig domains (Yeh et al., 2008 [PubMed 18329370]).[supplied by OMIM, Feb 2009]

MZB1 Gene

marginal zone B and B1 cell-specific protein

LOC101060086 Gene

cell cycle exit and neuronal differentiation protein 1-like

CEND1 Gene

cell cycle exit and neuronal differentiation 1

The protein encoded by this gene is a neuron-specific protein. The similar protein in pig enhances neuroblastoma cell differentiation in vitro and may be involved in neuronal differentiation in vivo. Multiple pseudogenes have been reported for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

DRAIC Gene

downregulated RNA in cancer, inhibitor of cell invasion and migration

LIMS3L Gene

LIM and senescent cell antigen-like domains 3-like

CCAR1 Gene

cell division cycle and apoptosis regulator 1

CCAR2 Gene

cell cycle and apoptosis regulator 2

TIGIT Gene

T cell immunoreceptor with Ig and ITIM domains

This gene encodes a member of the PVR (poliovirus receptor) family of immunoglobin proteins. The product of this gene is expressed on several classes of T cells including follicular B helper T cells (TFH). The protein has been shown to bind PVR with high affinity; this binding is thought to assist interactions between TFH and dendritic cells to regulate T cell dependent B cell responses.[provided by RefSeq, Sep 2009]

MCIDAS Gene

multiciliate differentiation and DNA synthesis associated cell cycle protein

PPDPF Gene

pancreatic progenitor cell differentiation and proliferation factor

LIMS2 Gene

LIM and senescent cell antigen-like domains 2

This gene encodes a member of a small family of focal adhesion proteins which interacts with ILK (integrin-linked kinase), a protein which effects protein-protein interactions with the extraceullar matrix. The encoded protein has five LIM domains, each domain forming two zinc fingers, which permit interactions which regulate cell shape and migration. A pseudogene of this gene is located on chromosome 4. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2011]

LIMS3 Gene

LIM and senescent cell antigen-like domains 3

LIMS1 Gene

LIM and senescent cell antigen-like domains 1

The protein encoded by this gene is an adaptor protein which contains five LIM domains, or double zinc fingers. The protein is likely involved in integrin signaling through its LIM domain-mediated interaction with integrin-linked kinase, found in focal adhesion plaques. It is also thought to act as a bridge linking integrin-linked kinase to NCK adaptor protein 2, which is involved in growth factor receptor kinase signaling pathways. Its localization to the periphery of spreading cells also suggests that this protein may play a role in integrin-mediated cell adhesion or spreading. Several transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2010]

HEPACAM Gene

hepatic and glial cell adhesion molecule

The protein encoded by this gene is a single-pass type I membrane protein that localizes to the cytoplasmic side of the cell membrane. The encoded protein acts as a homodimer and is involved in cell motility and cell-matrix interactions. The expression of this gene is downregulated or undetectable in many cancer cell lines, so this may be a tumor suppressor gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2011]

TTIM1 Gene

T-cell tumor invasion and metastasis 1

ELMO2P1 Gene

engulfment and cell motility 2 pseudogene 1

LOC651644 Gene

LIM and senescent cell antigen-like domains 2 pseudogene

TIAM1 Gene

T-cell lymphoma invasion and metastasis 1

TIAM2 Gene

T-cell lymphoma invasion and metastasis 2

This gene encodes a guanine nucleotide exchange factor. A highly similar mouse protein specifically activates ras-related C3 botulinum substrate 1, converting this Rho-like guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase) from a guanosine diphosphate-bound inactive state to a guanosine triphosphate-bound active state. The encoded protein may play a role in neural cell development. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

ELMO1 Gene

engulfment and cell motility 1

This gene encodes a member of the engulfment and cell motility protein family. These proteins interact with dedicator of cytokinesis proteins to promote phagocytosis and cell migration. Increased expression of this gene and dedicator of cytokinesis 1 may promote glioma cell invasion, and single nucleotide polymorphisms in this gene may be associated with diabetic nephropathy. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2013]

ELMO2 Gene

engulfment and cell motility 2

The protein encoded by this gene interacts with the dedicator of cyto-kinesis 1 protein. Similarity to a C. elegans protein suggests that this protein may function in phagocytosis of apoptotic cells and in cell migration. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding the same protein. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

ELMO3 Gene

engulfment and cell motility 3

The protein encoded by this gene is similar to a C. elegans protein that functions in phagocytosis of apoptotic cells and in cell migration. Other members of this small family of engulfment and cell motility (ELMO) proteins have been shown to interact with the dedicator of cyto-kinesis 1 protein to promote phagocytosis and effect cell shape changes. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

ECSCR Gene

endothelial cell surface expressed chemotaxis and apoptosis regulator

The protein encoded by this gene is primarily found in endothelial cells and blood vessels, where it is involved in cell shape changes and EGF-induced cell migration. It can enhance the activation of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2/kinase insert domain receptor and also promote the proteolysis of internalized kinase insert domain receptor. This gene may play a role in angiogenesis-related diseases. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2014]

CEND1P1 Gene

cell cycle exit and neuronal differentiation 1 pseudogene 1

CEND1P2 Gene

cell cycle exit and neuronal differentiation 1 pseudogene 2

SENCR Gene

smooth muscle and endothelial cell enriched migration/differentiation-associated long non-coding RNA

TIMD4 Gene

T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain containing 4

MEHMO Gene

mental retardation, epileptic seizures, hypogonadism and -genitalism, microcephaly and obesity syndrome

MMRFCGU Gene

Microcephaly, mental retardation, and distinctive facies, with cardiac and genitourinary malformations

SEMA5B Gene

sema domain, seven thrombospondin repeats (type 1 and type 1-like), transmembrane domain (TM) and short cytoplasmic domain, (semaphorin) 5B

This gene encodes a member of the semaphorin protein family which regulates axon growth during development of the nervous system. The encoded protein has a characteristic Sema domain near the N-terminus, through which semaphorins bind to plexin, and five thrombospondin type 1 repeats in the C-terminal region of the protein. The protein product may be cleaved and exist as a secreted molecule (PMID: 19463192). Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2012]

SEMA5A Gene

sema domain, seven thrombospondin repeats (type 1 and type 1-like), transmembrane domain (TM) and short cytoplasmic domain, (semaphorin) 5A

This gene belongs to the semaphorin gene family that encodes membrane proteins containing a semaphorin domain and several thrombospondin type-1 repeats. Members of this family are involved in axonal guidance during neural development. This gene has been implicated as an autism susceptibility gene.[provided by RefSeq, Jan 2010]

LOC100422730 Gene

sema domain, seven thrombospondin repeats (type 1 and type 1-like), transmembrane domain (TM) and short cytoplasmic domain, (semaphorin) 5A pseudogene

SPDYE12P Gene

speedy/RINGO cell cycle regulator family member E12, pseudogene

CDC27P10 Gene

cell division cycle 27 pseudogene 10

CDC27P11 Gene

cell division cycle 27 pseudogene 11

LOC100420540 Gene

cell division cycle associated 8 pseudogene

BTG4 Gene

B-cell translocation gene 4

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the BTG/Tob family. This family has structurally related proteins that appear to have antiproliferative properties. This encoded protein can induce G1 arrest in the cell cycle. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

BTG1 Gene

B-cell translocation gene 1, anti-proliferative

This gene is a member of an anti-proliferative gene family that regulates cell growth and differentiation. Expression of this gene is highest in the G0/G1 phases of the cell cycle and downregulated when cells progressed through G1. The encoded protein interacts with several nuclear receptors, and functions as a coactivator of cell differentiation. This locus has been shown to be involved in a t(8;12)(q24;q22) chromosomal translocation in a case of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2008]

TRAV23DV6 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 23/delta variable 6

LOC101929185 Gene

putative glycine-rich cell wall structural protein 1

MEMO1P4 Gene

mediator of cell motility 1 pseudogene 4

MEMO1P2 Gene

mediator of cell motility 1 pseudogene 2

MEMO1P3 Gene

mediator of cell motility 1 pseudogene 3

LOC728613 Gene

programmed cell death 6 pseudogene

MCL1 Gene

myeloid cell leukemia 1

This gene encodes an anti-apoptotic protein, which is a member of the Bcl-2 family. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. The longest gene product (isoform 1) enhances cell survival by inhibiting apoptosis while the alternatively spliced shorter gene products (isoform 2 and isoform 3) promote apoptosis and are death-inducing. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2010]

TRBJ2-4 Gene

T cell receptor beta joining 2-4

TRBJ2-5 Gene

T cell receptor beta joining 2-5

TRBJ2-6 Gene

T cell receptor beta joining 2-6

TRBJ2-7 Gene

T cell receptor beta joining 2-7

TRBJ2-1 Gene

T cell receptor beta joining 2-1

TRBJ2-2 Gene

T cell receptor beta joining 2-2

TRBJ2-3 Gene

T cell receptor beta joining 2-3

PCNA Gene

proliferating cell nuclear antigen

The protein encoded by this gene is found in the nucleus and is a cofactor of DNA polymerase delta. The encoded protein acts as a homotrimer and helps increase the processivity of leading strand synthesis during DNA replication. In response to DNA damage, this protein is ubiquitinated and is involved in the RAD6-dependent DNA repair pathway. Two transcript variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene. Pseudogenes of this gene have been described on chromosome 4 and on the X chromosome. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

BOC Gene

BOC cell adhesion associated, oncogene regulated

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the immunoglobulin/fibronectin type III repeat family. It is a component of a cell-surface receptor complex that mediates cell-cell interactions between muscle precursor cells, and promotes myogenic differentiation. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2014]

TRBV20-1 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 20-1

LOC100130203 Gene

cell adhesion associated, oncogene regulated pseudogene

CDC34 Gene

cell division cycle 34

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme family. Ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme catalyzes the covalent attachment of ubiquitin to other proteins. This protein is a part of the large multiprotein complex, which is required for ubiquitin-mediated degradation of cell cycle G1 regulators, and for the initiation of DNA replication. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CDC37 Gene

cell division cycle 37

The protein encoded by this gene is highly similar to Cdc 37, a cell division cycle control protein of Sacchromyces cerevisiae. This protein is a molecular chaperone with specific function in cell signal transduction. It has been shown to form complex with Hsp90 and a variety of protein kinases including CDK4, CDK6, SRC, RAF-1, MOK, as well as eIF2 alpha kinases. It is thought to play a critical role in directing Hsp90 to its target kinases. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

BCL9 Gene

B-cell CLL/lymphoma 9

BCL9 is associated with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. It may be a target of translocation in B-cell malignancies with abnormalities of 1q21. Its function is unknown. The overexpression of BCL9 may be of pathogenic significance in B-cell malignancies. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

BCL5 Gene

B-cell CLL/lymphoma 5

BCL6 Gene

B-cell CLL/lymphoma 6

The protein encoded by this gene is a zinc finger transcription factor and contains an N-terminal POZ domain. This protein acts as a sequence-specific repressor of transcription, and has been shown to modulate the transcription of START-dependent IL-4 responses of B cells. This protein can interact with a variety of POZ-containing proteins that function as transcription corepressors. This gene is found to be frequently translocated and hypermutated in diffuse large-cell lymphoma (DLCL), and may be involved in the pathogenesis of DLCL. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different protein isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2008]

BCL3 Gene

B-cell CLL/lymphoma 3

This gene is a proto-oncogene candidate. It is identified by its translocation into the immunoglobulin alpha-locus in some cases of B-cell leukemia. The protein encoded by this gene contains seven ankyrin repeats, which are most closely related to those found in I kappa B proteins. This protein functions as a transcriptional co-activator that activates through its association with NF-kappa B homodimers. The expression of this gene can be induced by NF-kappa B, which forms a part of the autoregulatory loop that controls the nuclear residence of p50 NF-kappa B. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

BCL2 Gene

B-cell CLL/lymphoma 2

This gene encodes an integral outer mitochondrial membrane protein that blocks the apoptotic death of some cells such as lymphocytes. Constitutive expression of BCL2, such as in the case of translocation of BCL2 to Ig heavy chain locus, is thought to be the cause of follicular lymphoma. Two transcript variants, produced by alternate splicing, differ in their C-terminal ends. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

HIRA Gene

histone cell cycle regulator

This gene encodes a histone chaperone that preferentially places the variant histone H3.3 in nucleosomes. Orthologs of this gene in yeast, flies, and plants are necessary for the formation of transcriptionally silent heterochomatin. This gene plays an important role in the formation of the senescence-associated heterochromatin foci. These foci likely mediate the irreversible cell cycle changes that occur in senescent cells. It is considered the primary candidate gene in some haploinsufficiency syndromes such as DiGeorge syndrome, and insufficient production of the gene may disrupt normal embryonic development. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TRAJ32 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 32

INSL3 Gene

insulin-like 3 (Leydig cell)

This gene encodes a member of the insulin-like hormone superfamily. The encoded protein is mainly produced in gonadal tissues. Studies of the mouse counterpart suggest that this gene may be involved in the development of urogenital tract and female fertility. This protein may also act as a hormone to regulate growth and differentiation of gubernaculum, and thus mediating intra-abdominal testicular descent. Mutations in this gene may lead to cryptorchidism. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, May 2012]

LOC101929818 Gene

killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor 3DL1

KIR3DX1 Gene

killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor, three domains, X1

MNDA Gene

myeloid cell nuclear differentiation antigen

The myeloid cell nuclear differentiation antigen (MNDA) is detected only in nuclei of cells of the granulocyte-monocyte lineage. A 200-amino acid region of human MNDA is strikingly similar to a region in the proteins encoded by a family of interferon-inducible mouse genes, designated Ifi-201, Ifi-202, and Ifi-203, that are not regulated in a cell- or tissue-specific fashion. The 1.8-kb MNDA mRNA, which contains an interferon-stimulated response element in the 5-prime untranslated region, was significantly upregulated in human monocytes exposed to interferon alpha. MNDA is located within 2,200 kb of FCER1A, APCS, CRP, and SPTA1. In its pattern of expression and/or regulation, MNDA resembles IFI16, suggesting that these genes participate in blood cell-specific responses to interferons. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TRGJ2 Gene

T cell receptor gamma joining 2

TRGJ1 Gene

T cell receptor gamma joining 1

TRGJP Gene

T cell receptor gamma joining P

TRBV6-8 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 6-8

TRBV6-9 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 6-9

TRBV6-5 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 6-5

TRBV6-6 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 6-6

TRBV6-7 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 6-7 (non-functional)

TRBV6-2 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 6-2 (gene/pseudogene)

TRBV6-3 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 6-3

PCNAP1 Gene

proliferating cell nuclear antigen pseudogene 1

PCNAP4 Gene

proliferating cell nuclear antigen pseudogene 4

TRBC1 Gene

T cell receptor beta constant 1

TRBC2 Gene

T cell receptor beta constant 2

TRBV21-1 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 21-1 (pseudogene)

CDIP1 Gene

cell death-inducing p53 target 1

LOC100287157 Gene

cell division cycle associated 8 pseudogene

SCRIB Gene

scribbled planar cell polarity protein

This gene encodes a protein that was identified as being similar to the Drosophila scribble protein. The mammalian protein is involved in tumor suppression pathways. As a scaffold protein involved in cell polarization processes, this protein binds to many other proteins. The encoded protein binds to papillomavirus E6 protein via its PDZ domain and the C-terminus of E6. Two alternatively spliced transcript variants that encode different protein isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2011]

TAGAP Gene

T-cell activation RhoGTPase activating protein

This gene encodes a member of the Rho GTPase-activator protein superfamily. The encoded protein may function as a Rho GTPase-activating protein. Alterations in this gene may be associated with several diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, celiac disease, and multiple sclerosis. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2013]

NRCAM Gene

neuronal cell adhesion molecule

Cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) are members of the immunoglobulin superfamily. This gene encodes a neuronal cell adhesion molecule with multiple immunoglobulin-like C2-type domains and fibronectin type-III domains. This ankyrin-binding protein is involved in neuron-neuron adhesion and promotes directional signaling during axonal cone growth. This gene is also expressed in non-neural tissues and may play a general role in cell-cell communication via signaling from its intracellular domain to the actin cytoskeleton during directional cell migration. Allelic variants of this gene have been associated with autism and addiction vulnerability. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

MEMO1P1 Gene

mediator of cell motility 1 pseudogene 1

DEFA6 Gene

defensin, alpha 6, Paneth cell-specific

Defensins are a family of antimicrobial and cytotoxic peptides thought to be involved in host defense. They are abundant in the granules of neutrophils and also found in the epithelia of mucosal surfaces such as those of the intestine, respiratory tract, urinary tract, and vagina. Members of the defensin family are highly similar in protein sequence and distinguished by a conserved cysteine motif. Several alpha defensin genes appear to be clustered on chromosome 8. The protein encoded by this gene, defensin, alpha 6, is highly expressed in the secretory granules of Paneth cells of the small intestine, and likely plays a role in host defense of human bowel. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2014]

DEFA5 Gene

defensin, alpha 5, Paneth cell-specific

Defensins are a family of antimicrobial and cytotoxic peptides thought to be involved in host defense. They are abundant in the granules of neutrophils and also found in the epithelia of mucosal surfaces such as those of the intestine, respiratory tract, urinary tract, and vagina. Members of the defensin family are highly similar in protein sequence and distinguished by a conserved cysteine motif. Several of the alpha defensin genes appear to be clustered on chromosome 8. The protein encoded by this gene, defensin, alpha 5, is highly expressed in the secretory granules of Paneth cells of the ileum. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2014]

TRBV23OR9-2 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 23/OR9-2 (non-functional)

PDCD1LG2 Gene

programmed cell death 1 ligand 2

TRBV30 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 30 (gene/pseudogene)

TCTA Gene

T-cell leukemia translocation altered

DELYQ11 Gene

Sertoli cell-only syndrome, Y-linked

LOC100422623 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1 (biliary glycoprotein) pseudogene

ZYG11B Gene

zyg-11 family member B, cell cycle regulator

ZYG11A Gene

zyg-11 family member A, cell cycle regulator

TRBV3-1 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 3-1

TRBV7-9 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 7-9

TRBV7-8 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 7-8

TRBV7-1 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 7-1 (non-functional)

TRBV7-3 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 7-3

TRBV7-2 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 7-2

TRBV7-5 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 7-5 (pseudogene)

TRBV7-4 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 7-4 (gene/pseudogene)

TRBV7-7 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 7-7

TRBV7-6 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 7-6

HK3 Gene

hexokinase 3 (white cell)

Hexokinases phosphorylate glucose to produce glucose-6-phosphate, the first step in most glucose metabolism pathways. This gene encodes hexokinase 3. Similar to hexokinases 1 and 2, this allosteric enzyme is inhibited by its product glucose-6-phosphate. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2009]

CWH43 Gene

cell wall biogenesis 43 C-terminal homolog (S. cerevisiae)

MTCP1 Gene

mature T-cell proliferation 1

This gene was identified by involvement in some t(X;14) translocations associated with mature T-cell proliferations. This region has a complex gene structure, with a common promoter and 5' exon spliced to two different sets of 3' exons that encode two different proteins. This gene represents the upstream 13 kDa protein that is a member of the TCL1 family. This protein may be involved in leukemogenesis. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2009]

CDCA2 Gene

cell division cycle associated 2

CDCA3 Gene

cell division cycle associated 3

CDCA7 Gene

cell division cycle associated 7

This gene was identified as a c-Myc responsive gene, and behaves as a direct c-Myc target gene. Overexpression of this gene is found to enhance the transformation of lymphoblastoid cells, and it complements a transformation-defective Myc Box II mutant, suggesting its involvement in c-Myc-mediated cell transformation. Two alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been reported. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CDCA4 Gene

cell division cycle associated 4

This gene encodes a protein that belongs to the E2F family of transcription factors. This protein regulates E2F-dependent transcriptional activation and cell proliferation, mainly through the E2F/retinoblastoma protein pathway. It also functions in the regulation of JUN oncogene expression. This protein shows distinctive nuclear-mitotic apparatus distribution, it is involved in spindle organization from prometaphase, and may also play a role as a midzone factor involved in chromosome segregation or cytokinesis. Two alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same protein have been noted for this gene. Two pseudogenes have also been identified on chromosome 1. [provided by RefSeq, May 2014]

CDCA5 Gene

cell division cycle associated 5

CDCA8 Gene

cell division cycle associated 8

This gene encodes a component of the chromosomal passenger complex. This complex is an essential regulator of mitosis and cell division. This protein is cell-cycle regulated and is required for chromatin-induced microtubule stabilization and spindle formation. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. Pseudgenes of this gene are found on chromosomes 7, 8 and 16. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2013]

MUC4 Gene

mucin 4, cell surface associated

The major constituents of mucus, the viscous secretion that covers epithelial surfaces such as those in the trachea, colon, and cervix, are highly glycosylated proteins called mucins. These glycoproteins play important roles in the protection of the epithelial cells and have been implicated in epithelial renewal and differentiation. This gene encodes an integral membrane glycoprotein found on the cell surface, although secreted isoforms may exist. At least two dozen transcript variants of this gene have been found, although for many of them the full-length transcript has not been determined or they are found only in tumor tissues. This gene contains a region in the coding sequence which has a variable number (>100) of 48 nt tandem repeats. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

NKS1 Gene

natural killer cell susceptibility 1

CEMIP Gene

cell migration inducing protein, hyaluronan binding

EPCAM Gene

epithelial cell adhesion molecule

This gene encodes a carcinoma-associated antigen and is a member of a family that includes at least two type I membrane proteins. This antigen is expressed on most normal epithelial cells and gastrointestinal carcinomas and functions as a homotypic calcium-independent cell adhesion molecule. The antigen is being used as a target for immunotherapy treatment of human carcinomas. Mutations in this gene result in congenital tufting enteropathy. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2008]

TRAJ29 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 29

TRAJ28 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 28

TRAJ27 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 27

TRAJ26 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 26

TRAJ25 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 25 (non-functional)

TRAJ24 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 24

TRAJ23 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 23

TRAJ22 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 22

TRAJ21 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 21

TRAJ20 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 20

TRAV5 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 5

RGCC Gene

regulator of cell cycle

This gene is thought to regulate cell cycle progression. It is induced by p53 in response to DNA damage, or by sublytic levels of complement system proteins that result in activation of the cell cycle. The encoded protein localizes to the cytoplasm during interphase and to centrosomes during mitosis. The protein forms a complex with polo-like kinase 1. The protein also translocates to the nucleus in response to treatment with complement system proteins, and can associate with and increase the kinase activity of cell division cycle 2 protein. In different assays and cell types, overexpression of this protein has been shown to activate or suppress cell cycle progression. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TCL6 Gene

T-cell leukemia/lymphoma 6 (non-protein coding)

TCL4 Gene

T-cell leukemia/lymphoma 4

HMCES Gene

5-hydroxymethylcytosine (hmC) binding, ES cell-specific

HCFC1R1 Gene

host cell factor C1 regulator 1 (XPO1 dependent)

TRAV29DV5 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 29/delta variable 5 (gene/pseudogene)

MUC17 Gene

mucin 17, cell surface associated

Membrane mucins, such as MUC17, function in epithelial cells to provide cytoprotection, maintain luminal structure, provide signal transduction, and confer antiadhesive properties upon cancer cells that lose their apical/basal polarization.[supplied by OMIM, Apr 2004]

MUC16 Gene

mucin 16, cell surface associated

MUC15 Gene

mucin 15, cell surface associated

MUC13 Gene

mucin 13, cell surface associated

Epithelial mucins, such as MUC13, are a family of secreted and cell surface glycoproteins expressed by ductal and glandular epithelial tissues (Williams et al., 2001 [PubMed 11278439]).[supplied by OMIM, Jul 2008]

MUC12 Gene

mucin 12, cell surface associated

HCC Gene

thyroid carcinoma, Hurthle cell

NEDD8 Gene

neural precursor cell expressed, developmentally down-regulated 8

NEDD9 Gene

neural precursor cell expressed, developmentally down-regulated 9

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the CRK-associated substrates family. Members of this family are adhesion docking molecules that mediate protein-protein interactions for signal transduction pathways. This protein is a focal adhesion protein that acts as a scaffold to regulate signaling complexes important in cell attachment, migration and invasion as well as apoptosis and the cell cycle. This protein has also been reported to have a role in cancer metastasis. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2012]

NEDD1 Gene

neural precursor cell expressed, developmentally down-regulated 1

HCLS1 Gene

hematopoietic cell-specific Lyn substrate 1

ERICD Gene

E2F1-regulated inhibitor of cell death (non-protein coding)

TRGV5P Gene

T cell receptor gamma variable 5P (pseudogene)

PARD3 Gene

par-3 family cell polarity regulator

This gene encodes a member of the PARD protein family. PARD family members interact with other PARD family members and other proteins; they affect asymmetrical cell division and direct polarized cell growth. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2011]

LOC100132330 Gene

mal, T-cell differentiation protein-like pseudogene

CD244 Gene

CD244 molecule, natural killer cell receptor 2B4

This gene encodes a cell surface receptor expressed on natural killer (NK) cells (and some T cells) that mediate non-major histocompatibility complex (MHC) restricted killing. The interaction between NK-cell and target cells via this receptor is thought to modulate NK-cell cytolytic activity. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]

CPA3 Gene

carboxypeptidase A3 (mast cell)

Three different forms of human pancreatic procarboxypeptidase A have been isolated. This gene encodes a form which is obtained as a binary complex of a procarboxypeptidase A with proproteinase E and functions as a secretory granule metalloexopeptidase. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2009]

TRGV10 Gene

T cell receptor gamma variable 10 (non-functional)

TCIRG1 Gene

T-cell, immune regulator 1, ATPase, H+ transporting, lysosomal V0 subunit A3

Through alternate splicing, this gene encodes two proteins with similarity to subunits of the vacuolar ATPase (V-ATPase) but the encoded proteins seem to have different functions. V-ATPase is a multisubunit enzyme that mediates acidification of eukaryotic intracellular organelles. V-ATPase dependent organelle acidification is necessary for such intracellular processes as protein sorting, zymogen activation, and receptor-mediated endocytosis. V-ATPase is comprised of a cytosolic V1 domain and a transmembrane V0 domain. Mutations in this gene are associated with infantile malignant osteopetrosis. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

FRAT1 Gene

frequently rearranged in advanced T-cell lymphomas 1

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the GSK-3-binding protein family. The protein inhibits GSK-3-mediated phosphorylation of beta-catenin and positively regulates the Wnt signaling pathway. It may function in tumor progression and in lymphomagenesis. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2008]

FRAT2 Gene

frequently rearranged in advanced T-cell lymphomas 2

The protein encoded by this intronless gene belongs to the GSK-3-binding protein family. Studies show that this protein plays a role as a positive regulator of the WNT signaling pathway. It may be upregulated in tumor progression. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC105379645 Gene

killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor 2DL2

SDF2L1 Gene

stromal cell-derived factor 2-like 1

LOC101060051 Gene

vegetative cell wall protein gp1-like

BCC5 Gene

Basal cell carcinoma, susceptibility to, 5

TRBV21OR9-2 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 21/OR9-2 (pseudogene)

LOC105378167 Gene

vegetative cell wall protein gp1-like

MCAM Gene

melanoma cell adhesion molecule

KLRG1 Gene

killer cell lectin-like receptor subfamily G, member 1

Natural killer (NK) cells are lymphocytes that can mediate lysis of certain tumor cells and virus-infected cells without previous activation. They can also regulate specific humoral and cell-mediated immunity. The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the killer cell lectin-like receptor (KLR) family, which is a group of transmembrane proteins preferentially expressed in NK cells. Studies in mice suggested that the expression of this gene may be regulated by MHC class I molecules. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been reported, but their full-length natures have not yet been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

MCTS1 Gene

malignant T cell amplified sequence 1

LOC100132609 Gene

programmed cell death 2 pseudogene

METRN Gene

meteorin, glial cell differentiation regulator

Meteorin regulates glial cell differentiation and promotes the formation of axonal networks during neurogenesis (Nishino et al., 2004 [PubMed 15085178]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

PCP4 Gene

Purkinje cell protein 4

PCP2 Gene

Purkinje cell protein 2

CTAGE1 Gene

cutaneous T-cell lymphoma-associated antigen 1

GMCL1P1 Gene

germ cell-less, spermatogenesis associated 1 pseudogene 1

This locus shares a high degree of identity with the multi-exon germ cell-less gene on chromosome 2. Despite its single-exon nature, this chromosome 5 locus contains an open reading frame that could putatively encode a full-length germ cell-less related protein. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GMCL1P2 Gene

germ cell-less, spermatogenesis associated 1 pseudogene 2

TRAV14DV4 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 14/delta variable 4

KLRG2 Gene

killer cell lectin-like receptor subfamily G, member 2

SCLC1 Gene

small cell cancer of the lung

KLRB1 Gene

killer cell lectin-like receptor subfamily B, member 1

Natural killer (NK) cells are lymphocytes that mediate cytotoxicity and secrete cytokines after immune stimulation. Several genes of the C-type lectin superfamily, including the rodent NKRP1 family of glycoproteins, are expressed by NK cells and may be involved in the regulation of NK cell function. The KLRB1 protein contains an extracellular domain with several motifs characteristic of C-type lectins, a transmembrane domain, and a cytoplasmic domain. The KLRB1 protein is classified as a type II membrane protein because it has an external C terminus. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CLLS2 Gene

Disrupted in B-cell neoplasia

MGCT Gene

male germ cell tumor

TRBD1 Gene

T cell receptor beta diversity 1

LOC105379650 Gene

killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor 2DS1

LOC101927245 Gene

vegetative cell wall protein gp1-like

CIDECP Gene

cell death-inducing DFFA-like effector c pseudogene

CDC20B Gene

cell division cycle 20B

BCC6 Gene

Basal cell carcinoma, susceptibility to, 6

VANGL1 Gene

VANGL planar cell polarity protein 1

This gene encodes a member of the tretraspanin family. The encoded protein may be involved in mediating intestinal trefoil factor induced wound healing in the intestinal mucosa. Mutations in this gene are associated with neural tube defects. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2010]

TRAJ16 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 16

TRAJ17 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 17

TRAJ14 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 14

TRAJ15 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 15

TRAJ12 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 12

TRAJ13 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 13

TRAJ10 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 10

TRAJ11 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 11

TRAJ18 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 18

TRAJ19 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 19 (non-functional)

BCL6B Gene

B-cell CLL/lymphoma 6, member B

SWAP70 Gene

SWAP switching B-cell complex 70kDa subunit

CDC5L Gene

cell division cycle 5-like

The protein encoded by this gene shares a significant similarity with Schizosaccharomyces pombe cdc5 gene product, which is a cell cycle regulator important for G2/M transition. This protein has been demonstrated to act as a positive regulator of cell cycle G2/M progression. It was also found to be an essential component of a non-snRNA spliceosome, which contains at least five additional protein factors and is required for the second catalytic step of pre-mRNA splicing. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

KIR2DS5 Gene

killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor, two domains, short cytoplasmic tail, 5

Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) are transmembrane glycoproteins expressed by natural killer cells and subsets of T cells. The KIR genes are polymorphic and highly homologous and they are found in a cluster on chromosome 19q13.4 within the 1 Mb leukocyte receptor complex (LRC). The gene content of the KIR gene cluster varies among haplotypes, although several "framework" genes are found in all haplotypes (KIR3DL3, KIR3DP1, KIR3DL4, KIR3DL2). The KIR proteins are classified by the number of extracellular immunoglobulin domains (2D or 3D) and by whether they have a long (L) or short (S) cytoplasmic domain. KIR proteins with the long cytoplasmic domain transduce inhibitory signals upon ligand binding via an immune tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM), while KIR proteins with the short cytoplasmic domain lack the ITIM motif and instead associate with the TYRO protein tyrosine kinase binding protein to transduce activating signals. The ligands for several KIR proteins are subsets of HLA class I molecules; thus, KIR proteins are thought to play an important role in regulation of the immune response. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

1060P11.3 Gene

killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor, three domains, pseudogene

KIR2DS2 Gene

killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor, two domains, short cytoplasmic tail, 2

Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) are transmembrane glycoproteins expressed by natural killer cells and subsets of T cells. The KIR genes are polymorphic and highly homologous and they are found in a cluster on chromosome 19q13.4 within the 1 Mb leukocyte receptor complex (LRC). The gene content of the KIR gene cluster varies among haplotypes, although several "framework" genes are found in all haplotypes (KIR3DL3, KIR3DP1, KIR3DL4, KIR3DL2). The KIR proteins are classified by the number of extracellular immunoglobulin domains (2D or 3D) and by whether they have a long (L) or short (S) cytoplasmic domain. KIR proteins with the long cytoplasmic domain transduce inhibitory signals upon ligand binding via an immune tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM), while KIR proteins with the short cytoplasmic domain lack the ITIM motif and instead associate with the TYRO protein tyrosine kinase binding protein to transduce activating signals. The ligands for several KIR proteins are subsets of HLA class I molecules; thus, KIR proteins are thought to play an important role in regulation of the immune response. This gene represents a haplotype-specific family member that encodes a protein with a short cytoplasmic tail. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2014]

LOC105378775 Gene

cell death regulator Aven-like

SPDYE10P Gene

speedy/RINGO cell cycle regulator family member E10, pseudogene

TRBJ2-2P Gene

T cell receptor beta joining 2-2P (non-functional)

FDCSP Gene

follicular dendritic cell secreted protein

This gene encodes a small secreted protein that is expressed in follicular dendritic cells. This protein specifically binds to activated B cells, and functions as a regulator of antibody responses. It is also thought to contribute to tumor metastases by promoting cancer cell migration and invasion. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2011]

TRBV11-3 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 11-3

TRBV11-1 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 11-1

EBF4 Gene

early B-cell factor 4

EBF4 belongs to the conserved Olf/EBF family of helix-loop-helix transcription factors, members of which play important roles in neural development and B-cell maturation (Wang et al., 2002 [PubMed 12139918]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

EBF3 Gene

early B-cell factor 3

This gene encodes a member of the early B-cell factor (EBF) family of DNA binding transcription factors. EBF proteins are involved in B-cell differentiation, bone development and neurogenesis, and may also function as tumor suppressors. The encoded protein inhibits cell survival through the regulation of genes involved in cell cycle arrest and apoptosis, and aberrant methylation or deletion of this gene may play a role in multiple malignancies including glioblastoma multiforme and gastric carcinoma. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2011]

EBF2 Gene

early B-cell factor 2

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the COE (Collier/Olf/EBF) family of non-basic, helix-loop-helix transcription factors that have a well conserved DNA binding domain. The COE family proteins play an important role in variety of developmental processes. Studies in mouse suggest that this gene may be involved in the differentiation of osteoblasts. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2011]

EBF1 Gene

early B-cell factor 1

CGRRF1 Gene

cell growth regulator with ring finger domain 1

GLYCAM1 Gene

glycosylation dependent cell adhesion molecule 1 (pseudogene)

PP13 Gene

vegetative cell wall protein gp1

TRAV20 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 20

CDCA7L Gene

cell division cycle associated 7-like

NCR3LG1 Gene

natural killer cell cytotoxicity receptor 3 ligand 1

B7H6 belongs to the B7 family (see MIM 605402) and is selectively expressed on tumor cells. Interaction of B7H6 with NKp30 (NCR3; MIM 611550) results in natural killer (NK) cell activation and cytotoxicity (Brandt et al., 2009 [PubMed 19528259]).[supplied by OMIM, Jan 2011]

KIR3DL1 Gene

killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor, three domains, long cytoplasmic tail, 1

Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) are transmembrane glycoproteins expressed by natural killer cells and subsets of T cells. The KIR genes are polymorphic and highly homologous and they are found in a cluster on chromosome 19q13.4 within the 1 Mb leukocyte receptor complex (LRC). The gene content of the KIR gene cluster varies among haplotypes, although several "framework" genes are found in all haplotypes (KIR3DL3, KIR3DP1, KIR3DL4, KIR3DL2). The KIR proteins are classified by the number of extracellular immunoglobulin domains (2D or 3D) and by whether they have a long (L) or short (S) cytoplasmic domain. KIR proteins with the long cytoplasmic domain transduce inhibitory signals upon ligand binding via an immune tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM), while KIR proteins with the short cytoplasmic domain lack the ITIM motif and instead associate with the TYRO protein tyrosine kinase binding protein to transduce activating signals. The ligands for several KIR proteins are subsets of HLA class I molecules; thus, KIR proteins are thought to play an important role in regulation of the immune response. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

KIR3DL2 Gene

killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor, three domains, long cytoplasmic tail, 2

Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) are transmembrane glycoproteins expressed by natural killer cells and subsets of T cells. The KIR genes are polymorphic and highly homologous and they are found in a cluster on chromosome 19q13.4 within the 1 Mb leukocyte receptor complex (LRC). The gene content of the KIR gene cluster varies among haplotypes, although several "framework" genes are found in all haplotypes (KIR3DL3, KIR3DP1, KIR3DL4, KIR3DL2). The KIR proteins are classified by the number of extracellular immunoglobulin domains (2D or 3D) and by whether they have a long (L) or short (S) cytoplasmic domain. KIR proteins with the long cytoplasmic domain transduce inhibitory signals upon ligand binding via an immune tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM), while KIR proteins with the short cytoplasmic domain lack the ITIM motif and instead associate with the TYRO protein tyrosine kinase binding protein to transduce activating signals. The ligands for several KIR proteins are subsets of HLA class I molecules; thus, KIR proteins are thought to play an important role in regulation of the immune response. This gene is one of the "framework" loci that is present on all haplotypes. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2011]

KIR3DL3 Gene

killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor, three domains, long cytoplasmic tail, 3

Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) are transmembrane glycoproteins expressed by natural killer cells and subsets of T cells. The KIR genes are polymorphic and highly homologous and they are found in a cluster on chromosome 19q13.4 within the 1 Mb leukocyte receptor complex (LRC). The gene content of the KIR gene cluster varies among haplotypes, although several "framework" genes are found in all haplotypes (KIR3DL3, KIR3DP1, KIR3DL4, KIR3DL2). The KIR proteins are classified by the number of extracellular immunoglobulin domains (2D or 3D) and by whether they have a long (L) or short (S) cytoplasmic domain. KIR proteins with the long cytoplasmic domain transduce inhibitory signals upon ligand binding via an immune tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM), while KIR proteins with the short cytoplasmic domain lack the ITIM motif and instead associate with the TYRO protein tyrosine kinase binding protein to transduce activating signals. The ligands for several KIR proteins are subsets of HLA class I molecules; thus, KIR proteins are thought to play an important role in regulation of the immune response. This gene is one of the "framework" loci that is present on all haplotypes. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

MEMO1 Gene

mediator of cell motility 1

BLID Gene

BH3-like motif containing, cell death inducer

This gene encodes a BH3-like motif containing protein involved in cell death. The encoded protein may induce apoptosis in a caspase-dependent manner. The protein is localized in both the cytoplasm and the mitochondrion. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2011]

ESAM Gene

endothelial cell adhesion molecule

TRBV24-1 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 24-1

BANK1 Gene

B-cell scaffold protein with ankyrin repeats 1

The protein encoded by this gene is a B-cell-specific scaffold protein that functions in B-cell receptor-induced calcium mobilization from intracellular stores. This protein can also promote Lyn-mediated tyrosine phosphorylation of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors. Polymorphisms in this gene are associated with susceptibility to systemic lupus erythematosus. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]

FUZ Gene

fuzzy planar cell polarity protein

This gene encodes a planar cell polarity protein that is involved in ciliogenesis and directional cell movement. Knockout studies in mice exhibit neural tube defects and defective cilia, and mutations in this gene are associated with neural tube defects in humans. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2012]

CEACAM19 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 19

CEACAM18 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 18

CEACAM16 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 16

The protein encoded by this gene is a secreted glycoprotein that in mouse interacts with tectorial membrane proteins in the inner ear. The encoded adhesion protein is found in cochlear outer hair cells and appears to be important for proper hearing over an extended frequency range. Defects in this gene likely are a cause of non-syndromic autosomal dominant hearing loss. [provided by RefSeq, May 2012]

CIDEC Gene

cell death-inducing DFFA-like effector c

This gene encodes a member of the cell death-inducing DNA fragmentation factor-like effector family. Members of this family play important roles in apoptosis. The encoded protein promotes lipid droplet formation in adipocytes and may mediate adipocyte apoptosis. This gene is regulated by insulin and its expression is positively correlated with insulin sensitivity. Mutations in this gene may contribute to insulin resistant diabetes. A pseudogene of this gene is located on the short arm of chromosome 3. Alternatively spliced transcript variants that encode different isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2010]

CIDEA Gene

cell death-inducing DFFA-like effector a

This gene encodes the homolog of the mouse protein Cidea that has been shown to activate apoptosis. This activation of apoptosis is inhibited by the DNA fragmentation factor DFF45 but not by caspase inhibitors. Mice that lack functional Cidea have higher metabolic rates, higher lipolysis in brown adipose tissue and higher core body temperatures when subjected to cold. These mice are also resistant to diet-induced obesity and diabetes. This suggests that in mice this gene product plays a role in thermogenesis and lipolysis. Alternatively spliced transcripts have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2010]

CDC42P5 Gene

cell division cycle 42 pseudogene 5

LOC105372844 Gene

vegetative cell wall protein gp1-like

PBXIP1 Gene

pre-B-cell leukemia homeobox interacting protein 1

PDCD6 Gene

programmed cell death 6

This gene encodes a calcium-binding protein belonging to the penta-EF-hand protein family. Calcium binding is important for homodimerization and for conformational changes required for binding to other protein partners. This gene product participates in T cell receptor-, Fas-, and glucocorticoid-induced programmed cell death. In mice deficient for this gene product, however, apoptosis was not blocked suggesting this gene product is functionally redundant. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene, and a pseudogene of this gene is also located on the short arm of chromosome 5. [provided by RefSeq, May 2012]

PDCD7 Gene

programmed cell death 7

This gene encodes a 59 kDa protein that is associated with the U11 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (snRNP), which is a component of the minor U12-type spliceosome responsible for catalyzing pre-mRNA splicing of U12-type introns. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2010]

PDCD4 Gene

programmed cell death 4 (neoplastic transformation inhibitor)

This gene is a tumor suppressor and encodes a protein that binds to the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4A1 and inhibits its function by preventing RNA binding. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2010]

PDCD5 Gene

programmed cell death 5

This gene encodes a protein that is upregulated during apoptosis where it translocates rapidly from the cytoplasm to the nucleus. The encoded protein may be an important regulator of K(lysine) acetyltransferase 5 (a protein involved in transcription, DNA damage response and cell cycle control) by inhibiting its proteasome-dependent degradation. Pseudogenes have been identified on chromosomes 5 and 12 [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2010]

PDCD2 Gene

programmed cell death 2

This gene encodes a nuclear protein expressed in a variety of tissues. Expression of this gene has been shown to be repressed by B-cell CLL/lymphoma 6 (BCL6), a transcriptional repressor required for lymph node germinal center development, suggesting that BCL6 regulates apoptosis by its effects on this protein. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants and pseudogenes have been identified on chromosomes 9 and 12. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2010]

PDCD1 Gene

programmed cell death 1

This gene encodes a cell surface membrane protein of the immunoglobulin superfamily. This protein is expressed in pro-B-cells and is thought to play a role in their differentiation. In mice, expression of this gene is induced in the thymus when anti-CD3 antibodies are injected and large numbers of thymocytes undergo apoptosis. Mice deficient for this gene bred on a BALB/c background developed dilated cardiomyopathy and died from congestive heart failure. These studies suggest that this gene product may also be important in T cell function and contribute to the prevention of autoimmune diseases. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PDCD10 Gene

programmed cell death 10

This gene encodes an evolutionarily conserved protein associated with cell apoptosis. The protein interacts with the serine/threonine protein kinase MST4 to modulate the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway. It also interacts with and is phosphoryated by serine/threonine kinase 25, and is thought to function in a signaling pathway essential for vascular developent. Mutations in this gene are one cause of cerebral cavernous malformations, which are vascular malformations that cause seizures and cerebral hemorrhages. Multiple alternatively spliced variants, encoding the same protein, have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PDCD11 Gene

programmed cell death 11

PDCD11 is a NF-kappa-B (NFKB1; 164011)-binding protein that colocalizes with U3 RNA (MIM 180710) in the nucleolus and is required for rRNA maturation and generation of 18S rRNA (Sweet et al., 2003 [PubMed 14624448]; Sweet et al., 2008 [PubMed 17654514]).[supplied by OMIM, Oct 2008]

LOC345471 Gene

cell division cycle 37 homolog (S. cerevisiae) pseudogene

MCF2 Gene

MCF.2 cell line derived transforming sequence

The oncogenic protein encoded by this gene is a guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) that exerts control over some members of the Rho family of small GTPases. Several transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. These isoforms exhibit different expression patterns and varying levels of GEF activity.[provided by RefSeq, Jan 2010]

CDON Gene

cell adhesion associated, oncogene regulated

This gene encodes a cell surface receptor that is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily. The encoded protein contains three fibronectin type III domains and five immunoglobulin-like C2-type domains. This protein is a member of a cell-surface receptor complex that mediates cell-cell interactions between muscle precursor cells and positively regulates myogenesis. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2011]

TRBV10-2 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 10-2

TRBV10-3 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 10-3

TRBV10-1 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 10-1(gene/pseudogene)

LOC102725023 Gene

killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor 2DS3 allele 0020101

CDC20P1 Gene

cell division cycle 20 pseudogene 1

PDCD5P1 Gene

programmed cell death 5 pseudogene 1

PDCD5P2 Gene

programmed cell death 5 pseudogene 2

TRGJP2 Gene

T cell receptor gamma joining P2

TRGJP1 Gene

T cell receptor gamma joining P1

LOC102725210 Gene

vegetative cell wall protein gp1-like

BOD1 Gene

biorientation of chromosomes in cell division 1

TRBV25-1 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 25-1

VTCN1 Gene

V-set domain containing T cell activation inhibitor 1

This gene encodes a protein belonging to the B7 costimulatory protein family. Proteins in this family are present on the surface of antigen-presenting cells and interact with ligand bound to receptors on the surface of T cells. Studies have shown that high levels of the encoded protein has been correlated with tumor progression. A pseudogene of this gene is located on chromosome 20. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2011]

CERCAM Gene

cerebral endothelial cell adhesion molecule

VCAM1 Gene

vascular cell adhesion molecule 1

This gene is a member of the Ig superfamily and encodes a cell surface sialoglycoprotein expressed by cytokine-activated endothelium. This type I membrane protein mediates leukocyte-endothelial cell adhesion and signal transduction, and may play a role in the development of artherosclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis. Three alternatively spliced transcripts encoding different isoforms have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2010]

LAKLG Gene

lymphokine-activated killer cell ligand

TRBV17 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 17 (non-functional)

TRBV16 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 16 (gene/pseudogene)

TRBV15 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 15

TRBV14 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 14

TRBV13 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 13

TRBV19 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 19

TRBV18 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 18

NOS3 Gene

nitric oxide synthase 3 (endothelial cell)

Nitric oxide is a reactive free radical which acts as a biologic mediator in several processes, including neurotransmission and antimicrobial and antitumoral activities. Nitric oxide is synthesized from L-arginine by nitric oxide synthases. Variations in this gene are associated with susceptibility to coronary spasm. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2009]

TRDV1 Gene

T cell receptor delta variable 1

TRDV3 Gene

T cell receptor delta variable 3

TRDV2 Gene

T cell receptor delta variable 2

URGCP Gene

upregulator of cell proliferation

URG4 is upregulated in the presence of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-encoded X antigen (HBxAg) and may contribute to the development of hepatocellular carcinoma by promoting hepatocellular growth and survival (Tufan et al., 2002 [PubMed 12082552]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

SMAGP Gene

small cell adhesion glycoprotein

SPDYE15P Gene

speedy/RINGO cell cycle regulator family member E15, pseudogene

PTCRA Gene

pre T-cell antigen receptor alpha

The protein encoded by this gene is a single-pass type I membrane protein that is found in immmature but not mature T-cells. Along with TCRB and CD3 complex, the encoded protein forms the pre-T-cell receptor complex, which regulates early T-cell development. Four transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Jul 2011]

NCAM1 Gene

neural cell adhesion molecule 1

This gene encodes a cell adhesion protein which is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily. The encoded protein is involved in cell-to-cell interactions as well as cell-matrix interactions during development and differentiation. The encoded protein has been shown to be involved in development of the nervous system, and for cells involved in the expansion of T cells and dendritic cells which play an important role in immune surveillance. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2011]

NCAM2 Gene

neural cell adhesion molecule 2

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the immunoglobulin superfamily. It is a type I membrane protein and may function in selective fasciculation and zone-to-zone projection of the primary olfactory axons. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TRBVAOR9-2 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable A/OR9-2 (pseudogene)

TRAV36DV7 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 36/delta variable 7

KIR2DS4 Gene

killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor, two domains, short cytoplasmic tail, 4

Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) are transmembrane glycoproteins expressed by natural killer cells and subsets of T cells. The KIR genes are polymorphic and highly homologous and they are found in a cluster on chromosome 19q13.4 within the 1 Mb leukocyte receptor complex (LRC). The gene content of the KIR gene cluster varies among haplotypes, although several "framework" genes are found in all haplotypes (KIR3DL3, KIR3DP1, KIR3DL4, KIR3DL2). The KIR proteins are classified by the number of extracellular immunoglobulin domains (2D or 3D) and by whether they have a long (L) or short (S) cytoplasmic domain. KIR proteins with the long cytoplasmic domain transduce inhibitory signals upon ligand binding via an immune tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM), while KIR proteins with the short cytoplasmic domain lack the ITIM motif and instead associate with the TYRO protein tyrosine kinase binding protein to transduce activating signals. The ligands for several KIR proteins are subsets of HLA class I molecules; thus, KIR proteins are thought to play an important role in regulation of the immune response. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

KIR2DS3 Gene

killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor, two domains, short cytoplasmic tail, 3

Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) are transmembrane glycoproteins expressed by natural killer cells and subsets of T cells. The KIR genes are polymorphic and highly homologous and they are found in a cluster on chromosome 19q13.4 within the 1 Mb leukocyte receptor complex (LRC). The gene content of the KIR gene cluster varies among haplotypes, although several "framework" genes are found in all haplotypes (KIR3DL3, KIR3DP1, KIR3DL4, KIR3DL2). The KIR proteins are classified by the number of extracellular immunoglobulin domains (2D or 3D) and by whether they have a long (L) or short (S) cytoplasmic domain. KIR proteins with the long cytoplasmic domain transduce inhibitory signals upon ligand binding via an immune tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM), while KIR proteins with the short cytoplasmic domain lack the ITIM motif and instead associate with the TYRO protein tyrosine kinase binding protein to transduce activating signals. The ligands for several KIR proteins are subsets of HLA class I molecules; thus, KIR proteins are thought to play an important role in regulation of the immune response. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

KIR2DS1 Gene

killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor, two domains, short cytoplasmic tail, 1

Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) are transmembrane glycoproteins expressed by natural killer cells and subsets of T cells. The KIR genes are polymorphic and highly homologous and they are found in a cluster on chromosome 19q13.4 within the 1 Mb leukocyte receptor complex (LRC). The gene content of the KIR gene cluster varies among haplotypes, although several "framework" genes are found in all haplotypes (KIR3DL3, KIR3DP1, KIR3DL4, KIR3DL2). The KIR proteins are classified by the number of extracellular immunoglobulin domains (2D or 3D) and by whether they have a long (L) or short (S) cytoplasmic domain. KIR proteins with the long cytoplasmic domain transduce inhibitory signals upon ligand binding via an immune tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM), while KIR proteins with the short cytoplasmic domain lack the ITIM motif and instead associate with the TYRO protein tyrosine kinase binding protein to transduce activating signals. The ligands for several KIR proteins are subsets of HLA class I molecules; thus, KIR proteins are thought to play an important role in regulation of the immune response. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CDC27P7 Gene

cell division cycle 27 pseudogene 7

LOC101930589 Gene

cell division cycle protein 27 homolog pseudogene

CDC25C Gene

cell division cycle 25C

This gene is highly conserved during evolution and it plays a key role in the regulation of cell division. The encoded protein is a tyrosine phosphatase and belongs to the Cdc25 phosphatase family. It directs dephosphorylation of cyclin B-bound CDC2 and triggers entry into mitosis. It is also thought to suppress p53-induced growth arrest. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants of this gene have been described, however, the full-length nature of many of them is not known. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CDC25B Gene

cell division cycle 25B

CDC25B is a member of the CDC25 family of phosphatases. CDC25B activates the cyclin dependent kinase CDC2 by removing two phosphate groups and it is required for entry into mitosis. CDC25B shuttles between the nucleus and the cytoplasm due to nuclear localization and nuclear export signals. The protein is nuclear in the M and G1 phases of the cell cycle and moves to the cytoplasm during S and G2. CDC25B has oncogenic properties, although its role in tumor formation has not been determined. Multiple transcript variants for this gene exist. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CDC25A Gene

cell division cycle 25A

CDC25A is a member of the CDC25 family of phosphatases. CDC25A is required for progression from G1 to the S phase of the cell cycle. It activates the cyclin-dependent kinase CDC2 by removing two phosphate groups. CDC25A is specifically degraded in response to DNA damage, which prevents cells with chromosomal abnormalities from progressing through cell division. CDC25A is an oncogene, although its exact role in oncogenesis has not been demonstrated. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PBG1 Gene

pancreatic beta cell glycoprotein 1

TRAJ49 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 49

TRAJ48 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 48

TRAJ41 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 41

TRAJ40 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 40

TRAJ43 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 43

TRAJ42 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 42

TRAJ45 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 45

TRAJ44 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 44

TRAJ47 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 47

TRAJ46 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 46

CDC27P2 Gene

cell division cycle 27 pseudogene 2

CDC27P3 Gene

cell division cycle 27 pseudogene 3

CDC27P1 Gene

cell division cycle 27 pseudogene 1

CDC27P6 Gene

cell division cycle 27 pseudogene 6

CDC27P4 Gene

cell division cycle 27 pseudogene 4

CDC27P5 Gene

cell division cycle 27 pseudogene 5

CDC27P8 Gene

cell division cycle 27 pseudogene 8

CDC27P9 Gene

cell division cycle 27 pseudogene 9

SPDYE2B Gene

speedy/RINGO cell cycle regulator family member E2B

TRGC1 Gene

T cell receptor gamma constant 1

TRGC2 Gene

T cell receptor gamma constant 2

CDC27 Gene

cell division cycle 27

The protein encoded by this gene shares strong similarity with Saccharomyces cerevisiae protein Cdc27, and the gene product of Schizosaccharomyces pombe nuc 2. This protein is a component of the anaphase-promoting complex (APC), which is composed of eight protein subunits and is highly conserved in eukaryotic cells. This complex catalyzes the formation of cyclin B-ubiquitin conjugate, which is responsible for the ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis of B-type cyclins. The protein encoded by this gene and three other members of the APC complex contain tetratricopeptide (TPR) repeats, which are important for protein-protein interactions. This protein was shown to interact with mitotic checkpoint proteins including Mad2, p55CDC and BUBR1, and it may thus be involved in controlling the timing of mitosis. Alternative splicing of this gene results in multiple transcript variants. Related pseudogenes have been identified on chromosomes 2, 22 and Y. [provided by RefSeq, May 2014]

CDC26 Gene

cell division cycle 26

The protein encoded by this gene is highly similar to Saccharomyces cerevisiae Cdc26, a component of cell cycle anaphase-promoting complex (APC). APC is composed of a group of highly conserved proteins and functions as a cell cycle-regulated ubiquitin-protein ligase. APC thus is responsible for the cell cycle regulated proteolysis of various proteins. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CDC20 Gene

cell division cycle 20

CDC20 appears to act as a regulatory protein interacting with several other proteins at multiple points in the cell cycle. It is required for two microtubule-dependent processes, nuclear movement prior to anaphase and chromosome separation. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SPDYE8P Gene

speedy/RINGO cell cycle regulator family member E8, pseudogene

BCAP31 Gene

B-cell receptor-associated protein 31

This gene encodes a member of the B-cell receptor associated protein 31 superfamily. The encoded protein is a multi-pass transmembrane protein of the endoplasmic reticulum that is involved in the anterograde transport of membrane proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum to the Golgi and in caspase 8-mediated apoptosis. Microdeletions in this gene are associated with contiguous ABCD1/DXS1375E deletion syndrome (CADDS), a neonatal disorder. Alternative splicing of this gene results in multiple transcript variants. Two related pseudogenes have been identified on chromosome 16. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2012]

NEDD4L Gene

neural precursor cell expressed, developmentally down-regulated 4-like, E3 ubiquitin protein ligase

This gene encodes a member of the Nedd4 family of HECT domain E3 ubiquitin ligases. HECT domain E3 ubiquitin ligases transfer ubiquitin from E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes to protein substrates, thus targeting specific proteins for lysosomal degradation. The encoded protein mediates the ubiquitination of multiple target substrates and plays a critical role in epithelial sodium transport by regulating the cell surface expression of the epithelial sodium channel, ENaC. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in this gene may be associated with essential hypertension. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2012]

THY1 Gene

Thy-1 cell surface antigen

DAD1P1 Gene

defender against cell death 1 pseudogene 1

PARD3B Gene

par-3 family cell polarity regulator beta

PSHK2 Gene

Pseudohyperkalemia, familial, 2, due to red cell leak

CLNK Gene

cytokine-dependent hematopoietic cell linker

MIST is a member of the SLP76 family of adaptors (see LCP2, MIM 601603; BLNK, MIM 604515). MIST plays a role in the regulation of immunoreceptor signaling, including PLC-gamma (PLCG1; MIM 172420)-mediated B cell antigen receptor (BCR) signaling and FC-epsilon R1 (see FCER1A, MIM 147140)-mediated mast cell degranulation (Cao et al., 1999 [PubMed 10562326]; Goitsuka et al., 2000, 2001 [PubMed 10744659] [PubMed 11463797]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

TCO Gene

Thyroid carcinoma, nonmedullary, with cell oxyphilia

CDC14C Gene

cell division cycle 14C

CDC14B Gene

cell division cycle 14B

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the dual specificity protein tyrosine phosphatase family. This protein is highly similar to Saccharomyces cerevisiae Cdc14, a protein tyrosine phosphatase involved in the exit of cell mitosis and initiation of DNA replication, which suggests the role in cell cycle control. This protein has been shown to interact with and dephosphorylates tumor suppressor protein p53, and is thought to regulate the function of p53. Alternative splice of this gene results in 3 transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CDC14A Gene

cell division cycle 14A

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the dual specificity protein tyrosine phosphatase family. It is highly similar to Saccharomyces cerevisiae Cdc14, a protein tyrosine phosphatase involved in the exit of cell mitosis and initiation of DNA replication, suggesting a role in cell cycle control. This protein has been shown to interact with, and dephosphorylate tumor suppressor protein p53, and is thought to regulate the function of p53. Alternative splicing of this gene results in several transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CEACAM20 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 20

CEACAM21 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 21

LOC100420530 Gene

mucin 4, cell surface associated pseudogene

LOC100420536 Gene

islet cell autoantigen 1, 69kDa pseudogene

LOC266683 Gene

dendritic cell protein pseudogene

TRAV38-2DV8 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 38-2/delta variable 8

ICA1L Gene

islet cell autoantigen 1,69kDa-like

LOC101928242 Gene

cell cycle control protein 50B-like

SPDYE7P Gene

speedy/RINGO cell cycle regulator family member E7, pseudogene

TRBV6-4 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 6-4

TRBV6-1 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 6-1

CDC23 Gene

cell division cycle 23

The protein encoded by this gene shares strong similarity with Saccharomyces cerevisiae Cdc23, a protein essential for cell cycle progression through the G2/M transition. This protein is a component of anaphase-promoting complex (APC), which is composed of eight protein subunits and highly conserved in eukaryotic cells. APC catalyzes the formation of cyclin B-ubiquitin conjugate that is responsible for the ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis of B-type cyclins. This protein and 3 other members of the APC complex contain the TPR (tetratricopeptide repeat), a protein domain important for protein-protein interaction. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PRCC Gene

papillary renal cell carcinoma (translocation-associated)

This gene encodes a protein that may play a role in pre-mRNA splicing. Chromosomal translocations (X;1)(p11;q21) that result in fusion of this gene to TFE3 (GeneID 7030) have been associated with papillary renal cell carcinoma. A PRCC-TFE3 fusion protein is expressed in affected carcinomas and is likely associated with altered gene transactivation. This fusion protein has also been associated with disruption of the cell cycle.[provided by RefSeq, Aug 2010]

LOC391239 Gene

V-set domain containing T cell activation inhibitor 1 pseudogene

RQCD1 Gene

RCD1 required for cell differentiation1 homolog (S. pombe)

This gene encodes a member of the highly conserved RCD1 protein family. The encoded protein is a transcriptional cofactor and a core protein of the CCR4-NOT complex. It may be involved in signal transduction as well as retinoic acid-regulated cell differentiation and development. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2012]

LOC100128775 Gene

neural precursor cell expressed, developmentally down-regulated 8 pseudogene

BOD1L2 Gene

biorientation of chromosomes in cell division 1-like 2

BOD1L1 Gene

biorientation of chromosomes in cell division 1-like 1

KLRAP1 Gene

killer cell lectin-like receptor subfamily A pseudogene 1

PCNAP2 Gene

proliferating cell nuclear antigen pseudogene 2

TCF7 Gene

transcription factor 7 (T-cell specific, HMG-box)

The protein encoded by this gene is a transcriptional activator that plays an important role in lymphocyte differentiation. This gene is expressed predominantly in T-cells. The encoded protein can bind an enhancer element and activate the CD3E gene, and it also may repress the CTNNB1 and TCF7L2 genes through a feedback mechanism. Several transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2011]

LOC101409255 Gene

cell division cycle 42 pseudogene

LOC101409256 Gene

cell division cycle 42 pseudogene

PRG2 Gene

proteoglycan 2, bone marrow (natural killer cell activator, eosinophil granule major basic protein)

The protein encoded by this gene is the predominant constituent of the crystalline core of the eosinophil granule. High levels of the proform of this protein are also present in placenta and pregnancy serum, where it exists as a complex with several other proteins including pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPPA), angiotensinogen (AGT), and C3dg. This protein may be involved in antiparasitic defense mechanisms as a cytotoxin and helminthotoxin, and in immune hypersensitivity reactions. The encoded protein contains a peptide that displays potent antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive bacteria, Gram-negative bacteria, and fungi. It is directly implicated in epithelial cell damage, exfoliation, and bronchospasm in allergic diseases. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2014]

MADCAM1 Gene

mucosal vascular addressin cell adhesion molecule 1

The protein encoded by this gene is an endothelial cell adhesion molecule that interacts preferentially with the leukocyte beta7 integrin LPAM-1 (alpha4beta7), L-selectin, and VLA-4 (alpha4beta1) on myeloid cells to direct leukocytes into mucosal and inflamed tissues. It is a member of the immunoglobulin family and is similar to ICAM1 and VCAM1. At least seven alternatively spliced transcripts encoding different protein isoforms have been found for this gene, but the full-length nature of some variants has not been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC100128686 Gene

programmed cell death 10 pseudogene

ICK Gene

intestinal cell (MAK-like) kinase

Eukaryotic protein kinases are enzymes that belong to a very extensive family of proteins which share a conserved catalytic core common with both serine/threonine and tyrosine protein kinases. This gene encodes an intestinal serine/threonine kinase harboring a dual phosphorylation site found in mitogen-activating protein (MAP) kinases. The protein localizes to the intestinal crypt region and is thought to be important in intestinal epithelial cell proliferation and differentiation. Alternative splicing has been observed at this locus and two variants, encoding the same isoform, have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

ZYG11AP1 Gene

zyg-11 family member A, cell cycle regulator pseudogene 1

NET1 Gene

neuroepithelial cell transforming 1

This gene is part of the family of Rho guanine nucleotide exchange factors. Members of this family activate Rho proteins by catalyzing the exchange of GDP for GTP. The protein encoded by this gene interacts with RhoA within the cell nucleus and may play a role in repairing DNA damage after ionizing radiation. Pseudogenes of this gene are located on the long arms of chromosomes 1, 7 and 18. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants that encode different protein isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2012]

TRBV28 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 28

TRBV26 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 26 (pseudogene)

MCTS2P Gene

malignant T cell amplified sequence 2, pseudogene

DSCAM Gene

Down syndrome cell adhesion molecule

This gene is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily of cell adhesion molecules (Ig-CAMs), and is involved in human central and peripheral nervous system development. This gene is a candidate for Down syndrome and congenital heart disease (DSCHD). A gene encoding a similar Ig-CAM protein is located on chromosome 11. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2012]

BCAP31P1 Gene

B-cell receptor-associated protein 31 pseudogene 1

LOC100418583 Gene

mucin 4, cell surface associated pseudogene

LOC100418585 Gene

mucin 4, cell surface associated pseudogene

LOC100418584 Gene

mucin 4, cell surface associated pseudogene

SCAI Gene

suppressor of cancer cell invasion

This gene encodes a regulator of cell migration. The encoded protein appears to function in the RhoA (ras homolog gene family, member A)-Dia1 (diaphanous homolog 1) signal transduction pathway. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2010]

SDK1 Gene

sidekick cell adhesion molecule 1

SDK2 Gene

sidekick cell adhesion molecule 2

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily. The protein contains two immunoglobulin domains and thirteen fibronectin type III domains. Fibronectin type III domains are present in both extracellular and intracellular proteins and tandem repeats are known to contain binding sites for DNA, heparin and the cell surface. This protein, and a homologous mouse sequence, are very similar to the Drosophila sidekick gene product but the specific function of this superfamily member is not yet known. Evidence for alternative splicing at this gene locus has been observed but the full-length nature of additional variants has not yet been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TRAV31 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 31 (pseudogene)

PBX4 Gene

pre-B-cell leukemia homeobox 4

This gene encodes a member of the pre-B cell leukemia transcription factor family. These proteins are homeobox proteins that play critical roles in embryonic development and cellular differentiation both as Hox cofactors and through Hox-independent pathways. The encoded protein contains a homeobox DNA-binding domain, but specific functions of the protein have not been determined. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2011]

PBX2 Gene

pre-B-cell leukemia homeobox 2

This gene encodes a ubiquitously expressed member of the TALE/PBX homeobox family. It was identified by its similarity to a homeobox gene which is involved in t(1;19) translocation in acute pre-B-cell leukemias. This protein is a transcriptional activator which binds to the TLX1 promoter. The gene is located within the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) on chromosome 6. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PBX3 Gene

pre-B-cell leukemia homeobox 3

PBX1 Gene

pre-B-cell leukemia homeobox 1

This gene encodes a nuclear protein that belongs to the PBX homeobox family of transcriptional factors. Studies in mice suggest that this gene may be involved in the regulation of osteogenesis, and required for skeletal patterning and programming. A chromosomal translocation, t(1;19) involving this gene and TCF3/E2A gene, is associated with pre-B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. The resulting fusion protein, in which the DNA binding domain of E2A is replaced by the DNA binding domain of this protein, transforms cells by constitutively activating transcription of genes regulated by the PBX protein family. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2011]

TRAJ30 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 30

TRAJ31 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 31

TRAJ33 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 33

TRAJ34 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 34

TRAJ35 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 35 (non-functional)

TRAJ36 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 36

TRAJ37 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 37

TRAJ38 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 38

TRAJ39 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 39

KIR3DS1 Gene

killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor, three domains, short cytoplasmic tail, 1

Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) are transmembrane glycoproteins expressed by natural killer cells and subsets of T cells. The KIR genes are polymorphic and highly homologous and they are found in a cluster on chromosome 19q13.4 within the 1 Mb leukocyte receptor complex (LRC). The gene content of the KIR gene cluster varies among haplotypes, although several "framework" genes are found in all haplotypes (KIR3DL3, KIR3DP1, KIR3DL4, KIR3DL2). The KIR proteins are classified by the number of extracellular immunoglobulin domains (2D or 3D) and by whether they have a long (L) or short (S) cytoplasmic domain. KIR proteins with the long cytoplasmic domain transduce inhibitory signals upon ligand binding via an immune tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM), while KIR proteins with the short cytoplasmic domain lack the ITIM motif and instead associate with the TYRO protein tyrosine kinase binding protein to transduce activating signals. The ligands for several KIR proteins are subsets of HLA class I molecules; thus, KIR proteins are thought to play an important role in regulation of the immune response. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2013]

TAX1BP1 Gene

Tax1 (human T-cell leukemia virus type I) binding protein 1

This gene encodes a HTLV-1 tax1 binding protein. The encoded protein interacts with TNFAIP3, and inhibits TNF-induced apoptosis by mediating the TNFAIP3 anti-apoptotic activity. Degradation of this protein by caspase-3-like family proteins is associated with apoptosis induced by TNF. This protein may also have a role in the inhibition of inflammatory signaling pathways. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.[provided by RefSeq, May 2011]

TAX1BP3 Gene

Tax1 (human T-cell leukemia virus type I) binding protein 3

CDC73 Gene

cell division cycle 73

This gene encodes a tumor suppressor that is involved in transcriptional and post-transcriptional control pathways. The protein is a component of the the PAF protein complex, which associates with the RNA polymerase II subunit POLR2A and with a histone methyltransferase complex. This protein appears to facilitate the association of 3' mRNA processing factors with actively-transcribed chromatin. Mutations in this gene have been linked to hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumor syndrome, familial isolated hyperparathyroidism, and parathyroid carcinoma. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2009]

TCAIM Gene

T cell activation inhibitor, mitochondrial

TRBV20OR9-2 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 20/OR9-2 (non-functional)

AAMP Gene

angio-associated, migratory cell protein

The gene is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily. The encoded protein is associated with angiogenesis, with potential roles in endothelial tube formation and the migration of endothelial cells. It may also regulate smooth muscle cell migration via the RhoA pathway. The encoded protein can bind to heparin and may mediate heparin-sensitive cell adhesion. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2014]

CDC26P1 Gene

cell division cycle 26 pseudogene 1

TRAV2 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 2

TRAV3 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 3 (gene/pseudogene)

TRAV4 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 4

TRAV6 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 6

TRAV7 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 7

PARD6G Gene

par-6 family cell polarity regulator gamma

PARD6B Gene

par-6 family cell polarity regulator beta

This gene is a member of the PAR6 family and encodes a protein with a PSD95/Discs-large/ZO1 (PDZ) domain, an OPR domain and a semi-Cdc42/Rac interactive binding (CRIB) domain. This cytoplasmic protein is involved in asymmetrical cell division and cell polarization processes as a member of a multi-protein complex. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PARD6A Gene

par-6 family cell polarity regulator alpha

This gene is a member of the PAR6 family and encodes a protein with a PSD95/Discs-large/ZO1 (PDZ) domain and a semi-Cdc42/Rac interactive binding (CRIB) domain. This cell membrane protein is involved in asymmetrical cell division and cell polarization processes as a member of a multi-protein complex. The protein also has a role in the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) that characterizes the invasive phenotype associated with metastatic carcinomas. Alternate transcriptional splice variants, encoding different isoforms, have been characterized. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

NCCRP1 Gene

non-specific cytotoxic cell receptor protein 1 homolog (zebrafish)

MUC20 Gene

mucin 20, cell surface associated

This gene encodes a member of the mucin protein family. Mucins are high molecular weight glycoproteins secreted by many epithelial tissues to form an insoluble mucous barrier. The C-terminus of this family member associates with the multifunctional docking site of the MET proto-oncogene and suppresses activation of some downstream MET signaling cascades. The protein features a mucin tandem repeat domain that varies between two and six copies in most individuals. Multiple variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. A related pseudogene, which is also located on chromosome 3, has been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2014]

MUC21 Gene

mucin 21, cell surface associated

LOC644070 Gene

putative germ cell-specific gene 1-like protein 2

ICOS Gene

inducible T-cell co-stimulator

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the CD28 and CTLA-4 cell-surface receptor family. It forms homodimers and plays an important role in cell-cell signaling, immune responses, and regulation of cell proliferation. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC132386 Gene

epithelial cell adhesion molecule pseudogene

LOC100129601 Gene

cell division cycle associated 7 pseudogene

SPDYE11 Gene

speedy/RINGO cell cycle regulator family member E11

NKTR Gene

natural killer cell triggering receptor

This gene encodes a membrane-anchored protein with a hydrophobic amino terminal domain and a cyclophilin-like PPIase domain. It is present on the surface of natural killer cells and facilitates their binding to targets. Its expression is regulated by IL2 activation of the cells. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC100128721 Gene

stromal cell-derived factor 2 pseudogene

TRAV22 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 22

TRAV21 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 21

TRAV27 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 27

TRAV25 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 25

TRAV24 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 24

TRAV28 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 28 (pseudogene)

TRBV25OR9-2 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 25/OR9-2 (pseudogene)

CHL1 Gene

cell adhesion molecule L1-like

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the L1 gene family of neural cell adhesion molecules. It is a neural recognition molecule that may be involved in signal transduction pathways. The deletion of one copy of this gene may be responsible for mental defects in patients with 3p- syndrome. This protein may also play a role in the growth of certain cancers. Alternate splicing results in both coding and non-coding variants. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2011]

BCC4 Gene

Basal cell carcinoma, susceptibility to, 4

TRDD3 Gene

T cell receptor delta diversity 3

TRDD2 Gene

T cell receptor delta diversity 2

TRDD1 Gene

T cell receptor delta diversity 1

LOC102724621 Gene

cell division cycle protein 27 homolog pseudogene

TRDC Gene

T cell receptor delta constant

PSCA Gene

prostate stem cell antigen

This gene encodes a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored cell membrane glycoprotein. In addition to being highly expressed in the prostate it is also expressed in the bladder, placenta, colon, kidney, and stomach. This gene is up-regulated in a large proportion of prostate cancers and is also detected in cancers of the bladder and pancreas. This gene includes a polymorphism that results in an upstream start codon in some individuals; this polymorphism is thought to be associated with a risk for certain gastric and bladder cancers. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2010]

TRG-AS1 Gene

T cell receptor gamma locus antisense RNA 1

ALCAM Gene

activated leukocyte cell adhesion molecule

This gene encodes activated leukocyte cell adhesion molecule (ALCAM), also known as CD166 (cluster of differentiation 166), which is a member of a subfamily of immunoglobulin receptors with five immunoglobulin-like domains (VVC2C2C2) in the extracellular domain. This protein binds to T-cell differentiation antigene CD6, and is implicated in the processes of cell adhesion and migration. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2011]

HCST Gene

hematopoietic cell signal transducer

This gene encodes a transmembrane signaling adaptor that contains a YxxM motif in its cytoplasmic domain. The encoded protein may form part of the immune recognition receptor complex with the C-type lectin-like receptor NKG2D. As part of this receptor complex, this protein may activate phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase dependent signaling pathways through its intracytoplasmic YxxM motif. This receptor complex may have a role in cell survival and proliferation by activation of NK and T cell responses. Alternative splicing results in two transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SDF4 Gene

stromal cell derived factor 4

This gene encodes a stromal cell derived factor that is a member of the CREC protein family. The encoded protein contains six EF-hand motifs and calcium-binding motifs. This protein localizes to the Golgi lumen and may be involved in regulating calcium dependent cellular activities. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2011]

SDF2 Gene

stromal cell-derived factor 2

The protein encoded by this gene is believed to be a secretory protein. It has regions of similarity to hydrophilic segments of yeast mannosyltransferases. Its expression is ubiquitous and the gene appears to be relatively conserved among mammals. Alternate splicing results in both coding and non-coding variants. A pseudogene of this gene is located on chromosome 15. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2011]

NKG7 Gene

natural killer cell granule protein 7

TRBV22OR9-2 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 22/OR9-2 (pseudogene)

GSG2 Gene

germ cell associated 2 (haspin)

GSG1 Gene

germ cell associated 1

TRGV6 Gene

T cell receptor gamma variable 6 (pseudogene)

TRGV7 Gene

T cell receptor gamma variable 7 (pseudogene)

TRGV4 Gene

T cell receptor gamma variable 4

TRGV5 Gene

T cell receptor gamma variable 5

TRGV2 Gene

T cell receptor gamma variable 2

TRGV3 Gene

T cell receptor gamma variable 3

TRGV1 Gene

T cell receptor gamma variable 1 (non-functional)

TRGV8 Gene

T cell receptor gamma variable 8

TRGV9 Gene

T cell receptor gamma variable 9

TRGVB Gene

T cell receptor gamma variable B (pseudogene)

TRGVA Gene

T cell receptor gamma variable A (pseudogene)

TRAT1 Gene

T cell receptor associated transmembrane adaptor 1

KIR2DL5B Gene

killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor, two domains, long cytoplasmic tail, 5B

Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) are transmembrane glycoproteins expressed by natural killer cells and subsets of T cells. The KIR genes are polymorphic and highly homologous and they are found in a cluster on chromosome 19q13.4 within the 1 Mb leukocyte receptor complex (LRC). The gene content of the KIR gene cluster varies among haplotypes, although several "framework" genes are found in all haplotypes (KIR3DL3, KIR3DP1, KIR3DL4, KIR3DL2). The KIR proteins are classified by the number of extracellular immunoglobulin domains (2D or 3D) and by whether they have a long (L) or short (S) cytoplasmic domain. KIR proteins with the long cytoplasmic domain transduce inhibitory signals upon ligand binding via an immune tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM), while KIR proteins with the short cytoplasmic domain lack the ITIM motif and instead associate with the TYRO protein tyrosine kinase binding protein to transduce activating signals. The ligands for several KIR proteins are subsets of HLA class I molecules; thus, KIR proteins are thought to play an important role in regulation of the immune response. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

KIR2DL5A Gene

killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor, two domains, long cytoplasmic tail, 5A

Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) are transmembrane glycoproteins expressed by natural killer cells and subsets of T cells. The KIR genes are polymorphic and highly homologous and they are found in a cluster on chromosome 19q13.4 within the 1 Mb leukocyte receptor complex (LRC). The gene content of the KIR gene cluster varies among haplotypes, although several "framework" genes are found in all haplotypes (KIR3DL3, KIR3DP1, KIR3DL4, KIR3DL2). The KIR proteins are classified by the number of extracellular immunoglobulin domains (2D or 3D) and by whether they have a long (L) or short (S) cytoplasmic domain. KIR proteins with the long cytoplasmic domain transduce inhibitory signals upon ligand binding via an immune tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM), while KIR proteins with the short cytoplasmic domain lack the ITIM motif and instead associate with the TYRO protein tyrosine kinase binding protein to transduce activating signals. The ligands for several KIR proteins are subsets of HLA class I molecules; thus, KIR proteins are thought to play an important role in regulation of the immune response. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TRAJ58 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 58 (non-functional)

TRAJ56 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 56

TRAJ57 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 57

TRAJ54 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 54

PECAM1 Gene

platelet/endothelial cell adhesion molecule 1

The protein encoded by this gene is found on the surface of platelets, monocytes, neutrophils, and some types of T-cells, and makes up a large portion of endothelial cell intercellular junctions. The encoded protein is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily and is likely involved in leukocyte migration, angiogenesis, and integrin activation. [provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

TAL1 Gene

T-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia 1

TAL2 Gene

T-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia 2

This intronless gene encodes a helix-loop-helix protein. Translocations between this gene on chromosome 9 and the T-cell receptor beta-chain locus on chromosome 7 have been associated with activation of the T-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia 2 gene and T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2009]

TRAV26-1 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 26-1

TRAV26-2 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 26-2

TRBV22-1 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 22-1 (pseudogene)

TRAV9-1 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 9-1

TRAV9-2 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 9-2

CDCA4P2 Gene

cell division cycle associated 4 pseudogene 2

PBX2P1 Gene

pre-B-cell leukemia homeobox 2 pseudogene 1

TLX1 Gene

T-cell leukemia homeobox 1

This gene encodes a nuclear transcription factor that belongs to the NK-linked or NK-like (NKL) subfamily of homeobox genes. The encoded protein is required for normal development of the spleen during embryogenesis. This protein is also involved in specification of neuronal cell fates. Ectopic expression of this gene due to chromosomal translocations is associated with certain T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemias. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2010]

TLX2 Gene

T-cell leukemia homeobox 2

This gene is a member of an orphan homeobox-containing transcription factor family. Studies of the mouse ortholog have shown that the encoded protein is crucial for the development of the enteric nervous system; in humans, loss-of-function may play a role in tumorigenesis of gastrointestinal stromal tumors. [provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

TLX3 Gene

T-cell leukemia homeobox 3

RNX (HOX11L2, TLX3) belongs to a family of orphan homeobox genes that encode DNA-binding nuclear transcription factors. Members of the HOX11 gene family are characterized by a threonine-47 replacing cytosine in the highly conserved homeodomain (Dear et al., 1993 [PubMed 8099440]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

CDC37P1 Gene

cell division cycle 37 pseudogene 1

CDC37P2 Gene

cell division cycle 37 pseudogene 2

BCL7C Gene

B-cell CLL/lymphoma 7C

This gene is identified by the similarity of its product to the N-terminal region of BCL7A protein. The BCL7A protein is encoded by the gene known to be directly involved in a three-way gene translocation in a Burkitt lymphoma cell line. The function of this gene has not yet been determined. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2013]

BCL7B Gene

B-cell CLL/lymphoma 7B

This gene encodes a member of the BCL7 family including BCL7A, BCL7B and BCL7C proteins. This member is BCL7B, which contains a region that is highly similar to the N-terminal segment of BCL7A or BCL7C proteins. The BCL7A protein is encoded by the gene known to be directly involved in a three-way gene translocation in a Burkitt lymphoma cell line. This gene is located at a chromosomal region commonly deleted in Williams syndrome. This gene is highly conserved from C. elegans to human. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2010]

BCL7A Gene

B-cell CLL/lymphoma 7A

This gene is directly involved, with Myc and IgH, in a three-way gene translocation in a Burkitt lymphoma cell line. As a result of the gene translocation, the N-terminal region of the gene product is disrupted, which is thought to be related to the pathogenesis of a subset of high-grade B cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The N-terminal segment involved in the translocation includes the region that shares a strong sequence similarity with those of BCL7B and BCL7C. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

BTG1P1 Gene

B-cell translocation gene 1 pseudogene 1

MSE Gene

myelinating Schwann cell element

GDNF Gene

glial cell derived neurotrophic factor

This gene encodes a highly conserved neurotrophic factor. The recombinant form of this protein was shown to promote the survival and differentiation of dopaminergic neurons in culture, and was able to prevent apoptosis of motor neurons induced by axotomy. The encoded protein is processed to a mature secreted form that exists as a homodimer. The mature form of the protein is a ligand for the product of the RET (rearranged during transfection) protooncogene. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. Mutations in this gene may be associated with Hirschsprung disease. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2010]

CDC45 Gene

cell division cycle 45

The protein encoded by this gene was identified by its strong similarity with Saccharomyces cerevisiae Cdc45, an essential protein required to the initiation of DNA replication. Cdc45 is a member of the highly conserved multiprotein complex including Cdc6/Cdc18, the minichromosome maintenance proteins (MCMs) and DNA polymerase, which is important for early steps of DNA replication in eukaryotes. This protein has been shown to interact with MCM7 and DNA polymerase alpha. Studies of the similar gene in Xenopus suggested that this protein play a pivotal role in the loading of DNA polymerase alpha onto chromatin. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2013]

CDC40 Gene

cell division cycle 40

Pre-mRNA splicing occurs in two sequential transesterification steps. The protein encoded by this gene is found to be essential for the catalytic step II in pre-mRNA splicing process. It is found in the spliceosome, and contains seven WD repeats, which function in protein-protein interactions. This protein has a sequence similarity to yeast Prp17 protein, which functions in two different cellular processes: pre-mRNA splicing and cell cycle progression. It suggests that this protein may play a role in cell cycle progression. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CDC42 Gene

cell division cycle 42

The protein encoded by this gene is a small GTPase of the Rho-subfamily, which regulates signaling pathways that control diverse cellular functions including cell morphology, migration, endocytosis and cell cycle progression. This protein is highly similar to Saccharomyces cerevisiae Cdc 42, and is able to complement the yeast cdc42-1 mutant. The product of oncogene Dbl was reported to specifically catalyze the dissociation of GDP from this protein. This protein could regulate actin polymerization through its direct binding to Neural Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (N-WASP), which subsequently activates Arp2/3 complex. Alternative splicing of this gene results in multiple transcript variants. Pseudogenes of this gene have been identified on chromosomes 3, 4, 5, 7, 8 and 20. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2013]

TCL1B Gene

T-cell leukemia/lymphoma 1B

TCL1A Gene

T-cell leukemia/lymphoma 1A

Overexpression of the TCL1 gene in humans has been implicated in the development of mature T cell leukemia, in which chromosomal rearrangements bring the TCL1 gene in close proximity to the T-cell antigen receptor (TCR)-alpha (MIM 186880) or TCR-beta (MIM 186930) regulatory elements (summarized by Virgilio et al., 1998 [PubMed 9520462]). In normal T cells TCL1 is expressed in CD4-/CD8- cells, but not in cells at later stages of differentiation. TCL1 functions as a coactivator of the cell survival kinase AKT (MIM 164730) (Laine et al., 2000 [PubMed 10983986]).[supplied by OMIM, Jul 2010]

SPDYE13P Gene

speedy/RINGO cell cycle regulator family member E13, pseudogene

TRBV11-2 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 11-2

LOC105379662 Gene

killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor 2DS1

LOC442172 Gene

cell division cycle associated 7 pseudogene

SPDYE21P Gene

speedy/RINGO cell cycle regulator family member E21, pseudogene

LOC100421663 Gene

cutaneous T-cell lymphoma-associated antigen 1 pseudogene

INTU Gene

inturned planar cell polarity protein

LOC100129672 Gene

cell adhesion associated, oncogene regulated pseudogene

TRBV4-2 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 4-2

TRBV4-3 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 4-3

TRBV4-1 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 4-1

TRAJ61 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 61 (non-functional)

TRAJ60 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 60 (pseudogene)

CDC14BL Gene

CDC14 cell division cycle 14 C-like

TRAV18 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 18

TRAV19 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 19

TRAV10 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 10

TRAV11 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 11 (pseudogene)

TRAV16 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 16

TRAV17 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 17

TRAV15 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 15 (pseudogene)

SPDYE4 Gene

speedy/RINGO cell cycle regulator family member E4

TRAV8-1 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 8-1

TRAV8-3 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 8-3

TRAV8-2 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 8-2

TRAV8-5 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 8-5 (pseudogene)

TRAV8-4 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 8-4

TRAV8-7 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 8-7 (non-functional)

TRAV8-6 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 8-6

TRBV5-7 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 5-7 (non-functional)

TRBV5-6 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 5-6

TRBV5-5 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 5-5

TRBV5-4 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 5-4

TRBV5-3 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 5-3 (non-functional)

TRBV5-2 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 5-2 (pseudogene)

TRBV5-1 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 5-1

TRBV5-8 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 5-8

BCL9P1 Gene

B-cell CLL/lymphoma 9 pseudogene 1

TCF7L1 Gene

transcription factor 7-like 1 (T-cell specific, HMG-box)

This gene encodes a member of the T cell factor/lymphoid enhancer factor family of transcription factors. These transcription factors are activated by beta catenin, mediate the Wnt signaling pathway and are antagonized by the transforming growth factor beta signaling pathway. The encoded protein contains a high mobility group-box DNA binding domain and participates in the regulation of cell cycle genes and cellular senescence. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2010]

TCF7L2 Gene

transcription factor 7-like 2 (T-cell specific, HMG-box)

This gene encodes a high mobility group (HMG) box-containing transcription factor that plays a key role in the Wnt signaling pathway. The protein has been implicated in blood glucose homeostasis. Genetic variants of this gene are associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes. Several transcript variants encoding multiple different isoforms have been found for this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Oct 2010]

TRAC Gene

T cell receptor alpha constant

CDC123 Gene

cell division cycle 123

KLRD1 Gene

killer cell lectin-like receptor subfamily D, member 1

Natural killer (NK) cells are a distinct lineage of lymphocytes that mediate cytotoxic activity and secrete cytokines upon immune stimulation. Several genes of the C-type lectin superfamily, including members of the NKG2 family, are expressed by NK cells and may be involved in the regulation of NK cell function. KLRD1 (CD94) is an antigen preferentially expressed on NK cells and is classified as a type II membrane protein because it has an external C terminus. Three transcript variants encoding two different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CCPG1 Gene

cell cycle progression 1

MILR1 Gene

mast cell immunoglobulin-like receptor 1

PDCD2L Gene

programmed cell death 2-like

DCANP1 Gene

dendritic cell-associated nuclear protein

This intronless gene is specifically expressed in dendritic cells (DCs), which are potent antigen-presenting cells involved in activating naive T cells to initiate antigen-specific immune response. The encoded protein is localized mainly in the perinucleus. One of the alleles (A/T) of this gene, that causes premature translation termination at aa 117, has been associated with an increased prevalence of major depression in humans. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

MUC1 Gene

mucin 1, cell surface associated

This gene encodes a membrane-bound protein that is a member of the mucin family. Mucins are O-glycosylated proteins that play an essential role in forming protective mucous barriers on epithelial surfaces. These proteins also play a role in intracellular signaling. This protein is expressed on the apical surface of epithelial cells that line the mucosal surfaces of many different tissues including lung, breast stomach and pancreas. This protein is proteolytically cleaved into alpha and beta subunits that form a heterodimeric complex. The N-terminal alpha subunit functions in cell-adhesion and the C-terminal beta subunit is involved in cell signaling. Overexpression, aberrant intracellular localization, and changes in glycosylation of this protein have been associated with carcinomas. This gene is known to contain a highly polymorphic variable number tandem repeats (VNTR) domain. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants.[provided by RefSeq, Feb 2011]

CDCA4P4 Gene

cell division cycle associated 4 pseudogene 4

CDCA4P1 Gene

cell division cycle associated 4 pseudogene 1

CDCA4P3 Gene

cell division cycle associated 4 pseudogene 3

SPDYE22P Gene

speedy/RINGO cell cycle regulator family member E22, pseudogene

LOC100286895 Gene

cell division cycle 27 homolog pseudogene

TRBD2 Gene

T cell receptor beta diversity 2

KLRK1 Gene

killer cell lectin-like receptor subfamily K, member 1

Natural killer (NK) cells are lymphocytes that can mediate lysis of certain tumor cells and virus-infected cells without previous activation. They can also regulate specific humoral and cell-mediated immunity. NK cells preferentially express several calcium-dependent (C-type) lectins, which have been implicated in the regulation of NK cell function. The NKG2 gene family is located within the NK complex, a region that contains several C-type lectin genes preferentially expressed in NK cells. This gene encodes a member of the NKG2 family. The encoded transmembrane protein is characterized by a type II membrane orientation (has an extracellular C terminus) and the presence of a C-type lectin domain. It binds to a diverse family of ligands that include MHC class I chain-related A and B proteins and UL-16 binding proteins, where ligand-receptor interactions can result in the activation of NK and T cells. The surface expression of these ligands is important for the recognition of stressed cells by the immune system, and thus this protein and its ligands are therapeutic targets for the treatment of immune diseases and cancers. Read-through transcription exists between this gene and the upstream KLRC4 (killer cell lectin-like receptor subfamily C, member 4) family member in the same cluster. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2010]

BCC1 Gene

Basal cell carcinoma, susceptibility to, 1

BCC2 Gene

Basal cell carcinoma, susceptibility to, 2

BCC3 Gene

Basal cell carcinoma, susceptibility to, 3

METRNL Gene

meteorin, glial cell differentiation regulator-like

VANGL2 Gene

VANGL planar cell polarity protein 2

The protein encoded by this gene is a membrane protein involved in the regulation of planar cell polarity, especially in the stereociliary bundles of the cochlea. The encoded protein transmits directional signals to individual cells or groups of cells in epithelial sheets. This protein is also involved in the development of the neural plate. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2011]

TRBV8-2 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 8-2 (pseudogene)

TRBV8-1 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 8-1 (pseudogene)

TRBV26OR9-2 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 26/OR9-2 (pseudogene)

LOC728739 Gene

programmed cell death 2 pseudogene

TRA Gene

T cell receptor alpha locus

TRB Gene

T cell receptor beta locus

T cell receptors recognize foreign antigens which have been processed as small peptides and bound to major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules at the surface of antigen presenting cells (APC). Each T cell receptor is a dimer consisting of one alpha and one beta chain or one delta and one gamma chain. In a single cell, the T cell receptor loci are rearranged and expressed in the order delta, gamma, beta, and alpha. If both delta and gamma rearrangements produce functional chains, the cell expresses delta and gamma. If not, the cell proceeds to rearrange the beta and alpha loci. This region represents the germline organization of the T cell receptor beta locus. The beta locus includes V (variable), J (joining), diversity (D), and C (constant) segments. During T cell development, the beta chain is synthesized by a recombination event at the DNA level joining a D segment with a J segment; a V segment is then joined to the D-J gene. The C segment is later joined by splicing at the RNA level. Recombination of many different V segments with several J segments provides a wide range of antigen recognition. Additional diversity is attained by junctional diversity, resulting from the random additional of nucleotides by terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase. Several V segments and one J segment of the beta locus are known to be incapable of encoding a protein and are considered pseudogenes. The beta locus also includes eight trypsinogen genes, three of which encode functional proteins and five of which are pseudogenes. Chromosomal abnormalities involving the T-cell receptor beta locus have been associated with T-cell lymphomas. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TRD Gene

T cell receptor delta locus

TRG Gene

T cell receptor gamma locus

T cell receptors recognize foreign antigens which have been processed as small peptides and bound to major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules at the surface of antigen presenting cells (APC). Each T cell receptor is a dimer consisting of one alpha and one beta chain or one delta and one gamma chain. In a single cell, the T cell receptor loci are rearranged and expressed in the order delta, gamma, beta, and alpha. If both delta and gamma rearrangements produce functional chains, the cell expresses delta and gamma. If not, the cell proceeds to rearrange the beta and alpha loci. This region represents the germline organization of the T cell receptor gamma locus. The gamma locus includes V (variable), J (joining), and C (constant) segments. During T cell development, the gamma chain is synthesized by a recombination event at the DNA level joining a V segment with a J segment; the C segment is later joined by splicing at the RNA level. Recombination of many different V segments with several J segments provides a wide range of antigen recognition. Additional diversity is attained by junctional diversity, resulting from the random addition of nucleotides by terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase. Several V segments of the gamma locus are known to be incapable of encoding a protein and are considered pseudogenes. Somatic rearrangement of the gamma locus has been observed in T cells derived from patients with T cell leukemia and ataxia telangiectasia. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CDC42P4 Gene

cell division cycle 42 pseudogene 4

CDC42P6 Gene

cell division cycle 42 pseudogene 6

CDC42P1 Gene

cell division cycle 42 pseudogene 1

CDC42P2 Gene

cell division cycle 42 pseudogene 2

LOC100421630 Gene

cutaneous T-cell lymphoma-associated antigen 1 pseudogene

ECT2 Gene

epithelial cell transforming 2

The protein encoded by this gene is a guanine nucleotide exchange factor and transforming protein that is related to Rho-specific exchange factors and yeast cell cycle regulators. The expression of this gene is elevated with the onset of DNA synthesis and remains elevated during G2 and M phases. In situ hybridization analysis showed that expression is at a high level in cells undergoing mitosis in regenerating liver. Thus, this protein is expressed in a cell cycle-dependent manner during liver regeneration, and is thought to have an important role in the regulation of cytokinesis. Several transcript variants encoding two different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2012]

TRDJ4 Gene

T cell receptor delta joining 4

TRDJ1 Gene

T cell receptor delta joining 1

TRDJ3 Gene

T cell receptor delta joining 3

TRDJ2 Gene

T cell receptor delta joining 2

SPDYE14P Gene

speedy/RINGO cell cycle regulator family member E14, pseudogene

KLRC1 Gene

killer cell lectin-like receptor subfamily C, member 1

Natural killer (NK) cells are lymphocytes that can mediate lysis of certain tumor cells and virus-infected cells without previous activation. They can also regulate specific humoral and cell-mediated immunity. The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the killer cell lectin-like receptor family, also called NKG2 family, which is a group of transmembrane proteins preferentially expressed in NK cells. This family of proteins is characterized by the type II membrane orientation and the presence of a C-type lectin domain. This protein forms a complex with another family member, KLRD1/CD94, and has been implicated in the recognition of the MHC class I HLA-E molecules in NK cells. The genes of NKG2 family members form a killer cell lectin-like receptor gene cluster on chromosome 12. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been observed. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2015]

KLRC3 Gene

killer cell lectin-like receptor subfamily C, member 3

Natural killer (NK) cells are lymphocytes that can mediate lysis of certain tumor cells and virus-infected cells without previous activation. They can also regulate specific humoral and cell-mediated immunity. NK cells preferentially express several calcium-dependent (C-type) lectins, which have been implicated in the regulation of NK cell function. KLRC3 is a member of the NKG2 group which are expressed primarily in natural killer (NK) cells and encodes a family of transmembrane proteins characterized by a type II membrane orientation (extracellular C terminus) and the presence of a C-type lectin domain. The NKG2 gene family is located within the NK complex, a region that contains several C-type lectin genes preferentially expressed on NK cells. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

KLRC2 Gene

killer cell lectin-like receptor subfamily C, member 2

Natural killer (NK) cells are lymphocytes that can mediate lysis of certain tumor cells and virus-infected cells without previous activation. They can also regulate specific humoral and cell-mediated immunity. NK cells preferentially express several calcium-dependent (C-type) lectins, which have been implicated in the regulation of NK cell function. The group, designated KLRC (NKG2) are expressed primarily in natural killer (NK) cells and encodes a family of transmembrane proteins characterized by a type II membrane orientation (extracellular C terminus) and the presence of a C-type lectin domain. The KLRC (NKG2) gene family is located within the NK complex, a region that contains several C-type lectin genes preferentially expressed on NK cells. KLRC2 alternative splice variants have been described but their full-length nature has not been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

KLRC4 Gene

killer cell lectin-like receptor subfamily C, member 4

Natural killer (NK) cells are lymphocytes that can mediate lysis of certain tumor cells and virus-infected cells without previous activation. They can also regulate specific humoral and cell-mediated immunity. NK cells preferentially express several calcium-dependent (C-type) lectins, which have been implicated in the regulation of NK cell function. This gene is a member of the NKG2 group of genes that are expressed primarily in natural killer (NK) cells. These family members encode transmembrane proteins that are characterized by a type II membrane orientation (have an extracellular C-terminus) and the presence of a C-type lectin domain. This family member is located within the NK complex, a region that contains several C-type lectin genes preferentially expressed in NK cells. Read-through transcription exists between this gene and the downstream KLRK1 (killer cell lectin-like receptor subfamily K, member 1) family member. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2010]

MALL Gene

mal, T-cell differentiation protein-like

This gene encodes an element of the machinery for raft-mediated trafficking in endothelial cells. The encoded protein, a member of the MAL proteolipid family, predominantly localizes in glycolipid- and cholesterol-enriched membrane (GEM) rafts. It interacts with caveolin-1. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

MAL2 Gene

mal, T-cell differentiation protein 2 (gene/pseudogene)

This gene encodes a multispan transmembrane protein belonging to the MAL proteolipid family. The protein is a component of lipid rafts and, in polarized cells, it primarily localizes to endosomal structures beneath the apical membrane. It is required for transcytosis, an intracellular transport pathway used to deliver membrane-bound proteins and exogenous cargos from the basolateral to the apical surface. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

MCF2L Gene

MCF.2 cell line derived transforming sequence-like

LOC100422369 Gene

par-6 family cell polarity regulator beta pseudogene

TRBJ1-6 Gene

T cell receptor beta joining 1-6

TRBJ1-5 Gene

T cell receptor beta joining 1-5

TRBJ1-4 Gene

T cell receptor beta joining 1-4

TRBJ1-3 Gene

T cell receptor beta joining 1-3

TRBJ1-2 Gene

T cell receptor beta joining 1-2

TRBJ1-1 Gene

T cell receptor beta joining 1-1

LOC105376731 Gene

taste receptor cell protein 1-like

ZER1 Gene

zyg-11 related, cell cycle regulator

This gene encodes a subunit of an E3 ubiquitin ligase complex that may be involved in meiosis. The encoded protein contains three leucine-rich repeat motifs. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2012]

LOC100288590 Gene

cutaneous T-cell lymphoma-associated antigen 1 pseudogene

TRBV23-1 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 23-1 (non-functional)

LOC100967224 Gene

neuroepithelial cell transforming 1 pseudogene

LOC100967223 Gene

neuroepithelial cell transforming 1 pseudogene

TRAJ59 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 59 (non-functional)

TRAJ52 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 52

TRAJ53 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 53

TRAJ50 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 50

TRAJ51 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 51 (pseudogene)

TRAJ55 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 55 (pseudogene)

BAD Gene

BCL2-associated agonist of cell death

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the BCL-2 family. BCL-2 family members are known to be regulators of programmed cell death. This protein positively regulates cell apoptosis by forming heterodimers with BCL-xL and BCL-2, and reversing their death repressor activity. Proapoptotic activity of this protein is regulated through its phosphorylation. Protein kinases AKT and MAP kinase, as well as protein phosphatase calcineurin were found to be involved in the regulation of this protein. Alternative splicing of this gene results in two transcript variants which encode the same isoform. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TRAV41 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 41

TRAV40 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 40

HCFC2P1 Gene

host cell factor C2 pseudogene 1

MCEMP1 Gene

mast cell-expressed membrane protein 1

This gene encodes a single-pass transmembrane protein. Based on its expression pattern, it is speculated to be involved in regulating mast cell differentiation or immune responses. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CDC16 Gene

cell division cycle 16

This gene encodes a component protein of the APC complex, which is composed of eight proteins and functions as a protein ubiquitin ligase. The APC complex is a cyclin degradation system that governs exit from mitosis. Each component protein of the APC complex is highly conserved among eukaryotic organisms. This protein and two other APC complex proteins, CDC23 and CDC27, contain a tetratricopeptide repeat (TPR), a protein domain that may be involved in protein-protein interaction. Multiple alternatively spliced variants, encoding the same protein, have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

BCAP29 Gene

B-cell receptor-associated protein 29

ECT2L Gene

epithelial cell transforming 2 like

SPDYE9P Gene

speedy/RINGO cell cycle regulator family member E9, pseudogene

SPDYE5 Gene

speedy/RINGO cell cycle regulator family member E5

SPDYE6 Gene

speedy/RINGO cell cycle regulator family member E6

SPDYE1 Gene

speedy/RINGO cell cycle regulator family member E1

This gene is located at chromosome 7p13 which is close to the Williams Beuren syndrome chromosome region 7q11.23. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SPDYE3 Gene

speedy/RINGO cell cycle regulator family member E3

SPDYE2 Gene

speedy/RINGO cell cycle regulator family member E2

ERAS Gene

ES cell expressed Ras

This gene encodes a constitutively active member of the small GTPase Ras protein family. The encoded protein activates the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signal transduction pathway in undifferentiated stem cells, but is not expressed in differentiated cells. This gene may be involved in cancer and chemotherapy resistance. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2012]

TGCT1 Gene

testicular germ cell tumor susceptibility 1

ICA1 Gene

islet cell autoantigen 1, 69kDa

This gene encodes a protein with an arfaptin homology domain that is found both in the cytosol and as membrane-bound form on the Golgi complex and immature secretory granules. This protein is believed to be an autoantigen in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and primary Sjogren's syndrome. Several transcript variants encoding two different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2013]

LOC100420644 Gene

cell division cycle associated 8 pseudogene

CDC6 Gene

cell division cycle 6

The protein encoded by this gene is highly similar to Saccharomyces cerevisiae Cdc6, a protein essential for the initiation of DNA replication. This protein functions as a regulator at the early steps of DNA replication. It localizes in cell nucleus during cell cyle G1, but translocates to the cytoplasm at the start of S phase. The subcellular translocation of this protein during cell cyle is regulated through its phosphorylation by Cdks. Transcription of this protein was reported to be regulated in response to mitogenic signals through transcriptional control mechanism involving E2F proteins. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CDC7 Gene

cell division cycle 7

This gene encodes a cell division cycle protein with kinase activity that is critical for the G1/S transition. The yeast homolog is also essential for initiation of DNA replication as cell division occurs. Overexpression of this gene product may be associated with neoplastic transformation for some tumors. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants that encode the same protein have been detected. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2008]

TRAV1-1 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 1-1

TRAV1-2 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 1-2

CEACAMP10 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule pseudogene 10

CEACAMP11 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule pseudogene 11

ITK Gene

IL2-inducible T-cell kinase

This gene encodes an intracellular tyrosine kinase expressed in T-cells. The protein contains both SH2 and SH3 domains which are often found in intracellular kinases. It is thought to play a role in T-cell proliferation and differentiation. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

BCL9L Gene

B-cell CLL/lymphoma 9-like

SPDYE18 Gene

speedy/RINGO cell cycle regulator family member E18

ESM1 Gene

endothelial cell-specific molecule 1

This gene encodes a secreted protein which is mainly expressed in the endothelial cells in human lung and kidney tissues. The expression of this gene is regulated by cytokines, suggesting that it may play a role in endothelium-dependent pathological disorders. The transcript contains multiple polyadenylation and mRNA instability signals. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2008]

MAK Gene

male germ cell-associated kinase

The product of this gene is a serine/threonine protein kinase related to kinases involved in cell cycle regulation. It is expressed almost exclusively in the testis, primarily in germ cells. Studies of the mouse and rat homologs have localized the kinase to the chromosomes during meiosis in spermatogenesis, specifically to the synaptonemal complex that exists while homologous chromosomes are paired. There is, however, a study of the mouse homolog that has identified high levels of expression in developing sensory epithelia so its function may be more generalized. Three transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2011]

MAL Gene

mal, T-cell differentiation protein

The protein encoded by this gene is a highly hydrophobic integral membrane protein belonging to the MAL family of proteolipids. The protein has been localized to the endoplasmic reticulum of T-cells and is a candidate linker protein in T-cell signal transduction. In addition, this proteolipid is localized in compact myelin of cells in the nervous system and has been implicated in myelin biogenesis and/or function. The protein plays a role in the formation, stabilization and maintenance of glycosphingolipid-enriched membrane microdomains. Down-regulation of this gene has been associated with a variety of human epithelial malignancies. Alternative splicing produces four transcript variants which vary from each other by the presence or absence of alternatively spliced exons 2 and 3. [provided by RefSeq, May 2012]

CDC37L1 Gene

cell division cycle 37-like 1

CDC37L1 is a cytoplasmic phosphoprotein that exists in complex with HSP90 (HSPCA; MIM 140571) as well as several other proteins involved in HSP90-mediated protein folding (Scholz et al., 2001 [PubMed 11413142]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

CEACAMP8 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule pseudogene 8

CEACAMP9 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule pseudogene 9

CEACAMP2 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule pseudogene 2

CEACAMP3 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule pseudogene 3

CEACAMP1 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule pseudogene 1

CEACAMP6 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule pseudogene 6

CEACAMP7 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule pseudogene 7

CEACAMP4 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule pseudogene 4

CEACAMP5 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule pseudogene 5

LOC105369139 Gene

killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor 2DS3

PCNAP3 Gene

proliferating cell nuclear antigen pseudogene 3

LOC100420949 Gene

neuroepithelial cell transforming 1 pseudogene

ICOSLG Gene

inducible T-cell co-stimulator ligand

DSCAML1 Gene

Down syndrome cell adhesion molecule like 1

CIDEB Gene

cell death-inducing DFFA-like effector b

CEACAM22P Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 22, pseudogene

TP250 Gene

T-cell activation antigen p250

MCF2L2 Gene

MCF.2 cell line derived transforming sequence-like 2

CGREF1 Gene

cell growth regulator with EF-hand domain 1

LOC651714 Gene

mucin 20, cell surface associated pseudogene

BCL10 Gene

B-cell CLL/lymphoma 10

This gene was identified by its translocation in a case of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma. The protein encoded by this gene contains a caspase recruitment domain (CARD), and has been shown to induce apoptosis and to activate NF-kappaB. This protein is reported to interact with other CARD domain containing proteins including CARD9, 10, 11 and 14, which are thought to function as upstream regulators in NF-kappaB signaling. This protein is found to form a complex with MALT1, a protein encoded by another gene known to be translocated in MALT lymphoma. MALT1 and this protein are thought to synergize in the activation of NF-kappaB, and the deregulation of either of them may contribute to the same pathogenetic process that leads to the malignancy. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

L1CAM Gene

L1 cell adhesion molecule

The protein encoded by this gene is an axonal glycoprotein belonging to the immunoglobulin supergene family. The ectodomain, consisting of several immunoglobulin-like domains and fibronectin-like repeats (type III), is linked via a single transmembrane sequence to a conserved cytoplasmic domain. This cell adhesion molecule plays an important role in nervous system development, including neuronal migration and differentiation. Mutations in the gene cause X-linked neurological syndromes known as CRASH (corpus callosum hypoplasia, retardation, aphasia, spastic paraplegia and hydrocephalus). Alternative splicing of this gene results in multiple transcript variants, some of which include an alternate exon that is considered to be specific to neurons. [provided by RefSeq, May 2013]

TS546 Gene

Temperature sensitivity complementation, cell cycle specific

TRBV27 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 27

TRAV38-1 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 38-1

CAPRIN1 Gene

cell cycle associated protein 1

ESRG Gene

embryonic stem cell related (non-protein coding)

TRBV3-2 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 3-2 (pseudogene)

KLRF2 Gene

killer cell lectin-like receptor subfamily F, member 2

KLRF1 Gene

killer cell lectin-like receptor subfamily F, member 1

KLRF1, an activating homodimeric C-type lectin-like receptor (CTLR), is expressed on nearly all natural killer (NK) cells and stimulates their cytoxicity and cytokine release (Kuttruff et al., 2009 [PubMed 18922855]).[supplied by OMIM, Oct 2009]

SPDYE19P Gene

speedy/RINGO cell cycle regulator family member E19, pseudogene

FAS Gene

Fas cell surface death receptor

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the TNF-receptor superfamily. This receptor contains a death domain. It has been shown to play a central role in the physiological regulation of programmed cell death, and has been implicated in the pathogenesis of various malignancies and diseases of the immune system. The interaction of this receptor with its ligand allows the formation of a death-inducing signaling complex that includes Fas-associated death domain protein (FADD), caspase 8, and caspase 10. The autoproteolytic processing of the caspases in the complex triggers a downstream caspase cascade, and leads to apoptosis. This receptor has been also shown to activate NF-kappaB, MAPK3/ERK1, and MAPK8/JNK, and is found to be involved in transducing the proliferating signals in normal diploid fibroblast and T cells. Several alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described, some of which are candidates for nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD). The isoforms lacking the transmembrane domain may negatively regulate the apoptosis mediated by the full length isoform. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2011]

LECT1 Gene

leukocyte cell derived chemotaxin 1

This gene encodes a glycosylated transmembrane protein that is cleaved to form a mature, secreted protein. The N-terminus of the precursor protein shares characteristics with other surfactant proteins and is sometimes called chondrosurfactant protein although no biological activity has yet been defined for it. The C-terminus of the precursor protein contains a 25 kDa mature protein called leukocyte cell-derived chemotaxin-1 or chondromodulin-1. The mature protein promotes chondrocyte growth and inhibits angiogenesis. This gene is expressed in the avascular zone of prehypertrophic cartilage and its expression decreases during chondrocyte hypertrophy and vascular invasion. The mature protein likely plays a role in endochondral bone development by permitting cartilaginous anlagen to be vascularized and replaced by bone. It may be involved also in the broad control of tissue vascularization during development. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LECT2 Gene

leukocyte cell-derived chemotaxin 2

This gene encodes a secreted, 16 kDa protein that acts as a chemotactic factor to neutrophils and stimulates the growth of chondrocytes and osteoblasts. This protein has high sequence similarity to the chondromodulin repeat regions of the chicken myb-induced myeloid 1 protein. A polymorphism in this gene may be associated with rheumatoid arthritis. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

OPCML Gene

opioid binding protein/cell adhesion molecule-like

This gene encodes a member of the IgLON subfamily in the immunoglobulin protein superfamily. The encoded protein is localized in the plasma membrane and may have an accessory role in opioid receptor function. This gene has an ortholog in rat and bovine. The opioid binding-cell adhesion molecule encoded by the rat gene binds opioid alkaloids in the presence of acidic lipids, exhibits selectivity for mu ligands and acts as a GPI-anchored protein. Since the encoded protein is highly conserved in species during evolution, it may have a fundamental role in mammalian systems. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

WDPCP Gene

WD repeat containing planar cell polarity effector

This gene encodes a cytoplasmic WD40 repeat protein. A similar gene in frogs encodes a planar cell polarity protein that plays a critical role in collective cell movement and ciliogenesis by mediating septin localization. Mutations in this gene are associated with Bardet-Biedl syndrome 15 and may also play a role in Meckel-Gruber syndrome. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2014]

LOC440059 Gene

cell adhesion associated, oncogene regulated pseudogene

SPDYE17 Gene

speedy/RINGO cell cycle regulator family member E17

SPDYE16 Gene

speedy/RINGO cell cycle regulator family member E16

SPDYA Gene

speedy/RINGO cell cycle regulator family member A

SPDYC Gene

speedy/RINGO cell cycle regulator family member C

BLACE Gene

B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia expressed

TRBV12-4 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 12-4

TRBV12-5 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 12-5

TRBV12-1 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 12-1 (pseudogene)

TRBV12-2 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 12-2 (pseudogene)

TRBV12-3 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 12-3

LOC100131557 Gene

programmed cell death 2-like pseudogene

LOC100128800 Gene

cell adhesion associated, oncogene regulated pseudogene

KIR3DP1 Gene

killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor, three domains, pseudogene 1

Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) are transmembrane glycoproteins expressed by natural killer cells and subsets of T cells. The KIR genes are polymorphic and highly homologous and they are found in a cluster on chromosome 19q13.4 within the 1 Mb leukocyte receptor complex (LRC). The gene content of the KIR gene cluster varies among haplotypes, although several "framework" genes are found in all haplotypes (KIR3DL3, KIR3DP1, KIR3DL4, KIR3DL2). The KIR proteins are classified by the number of extracellular immunoglobulin domains (2D or 3D) and by whether they have a long (L) or short (S) cytoplasmic domain. KIR proteins with the long cytoplasmic domain transduce inhibitory signals upon ligand binding via an immune tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM), while KIR proteins with the short cytoplasmic domain lack the ITIM motif and instead associate with the TYRO protein tyrosine kinase binding protein to transduce activating signals. The ligands for several KIR proteins are subsets of HLA class I molecules; thus, KIR proteins are thought to play an important role in regulation of the immune response. This gene is one of the "framework" loci that is present on all haplotypes. This gene is considered to be a pseudogene based on the absence of transcription and it lacks several functional domains compared to other killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors. A rare haplotype, the result of a recombinantion event, has two copies of this gene, one of which may encode a secreted protein. (PMID: 15580659)[provided by RefSeq, Mar 2011]

BLNK Gene

B-cell linker

This gene encodes a cytoplasmic linker or adaptor protein that plays a critical role in B cell development. This protein bridges B cell receptor-associated kinase activation with downstream signaling pathways, thereby affecting various biological functions. The phosphorylation of five tyrosine residues is necessary for this protein to nucleate distinct signaling effectors following B cell receptor activation. Mutations in this gene cause hypoglobulinemia and absent B cells, a disease in which the pro- to pre-B-cell transition is developmentally blocked. Deficiency in this protein has also been shown in some cases of pre-B acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2012]

TARM1 Gene

T cell-interacting, activating receptor on myeloid cells 1

TRBV9 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 9

TRBV2 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 2

TRBV1 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 1 (pseudogene)

TRBVC Gene

T cell receptor beta variable C

TRBVB Gene

T cell receptor beta variable B (pseudogene)

TRBVA Gene

T cell receptor beta variable A (pseudogene)

LOC100420144 Gene

mediator of cell motility 1 pseudogene

MUC3A Gene

mucin 3A, cell surface associated

The mucin genes encode epithelial glycoproteins, some of which are secreted and some membrane bound. Each of the genes contains at least one large domain of tandemly repeated sequence that encodes the peptide sequence rich in serine and/or threonine residues, which carries most of the O-linked glycosylation (Gendler and Spicer, 1995 [PubMed 7778880]).[supplied by OMIM, Aug 2008]

MUC3B Gene

mucin 3B, cell surface associated

DAD1 Gene

defender against cell death 1

DAD1, the defender against apoptotic cell death, was initially identified as a negative regulator of programmed cell death in the temperature sensitive tsBN7 cell line. The DAD1 protein disappeared in temperature-sensitive cells following a shift to the nonpermissive temperature, suggesting that loss of the DAD1 protein triggered apoptosis. DAD1 is believed to be a tightly associated subunit of oligosaccharyltransferase both in the intact membrane and in the purified enzyme, thus reflecting the essential nature of N-linked glycosylation in eukaryotes. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

HCFC2 Gene

host cell factor C2

This gene encodes one of two proteins which interact with VP16, a herpes simplex virus protein that initiates virus infection. Both the encoded protein and the original Herpes host cell factor interact with VP16 through a beta-propeller domain. The original Herpes host cell factor, however, is effective at initiating viral infection while the encoded protein is not. Transcripts of varying length due to alternative polyadenylation signals have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

HCFC1 Gene

host cell factor C1

This gene is a member of the host cell factor family and encodes a protein with five Kelch repeats, a fibronectin-like motif, and six HCF repeats, each of which contains a highly specific cleavage signal. This nuclear coactivator is proteolytically cleaved at one of the six possible sites, resulting in the creation of an N-terminal chain and the corresponding C-terminal chain. The final form of this protein consists of noncovalently bound N- and C-terminal chains. The protein is involved in control of the cell cycle and transcriptional regulation during herpes simplex virus infection. Alternatively spliced variants which encode different protein isoforms have been described; however, not all variants have been fully characterized. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

BCAP31P2 Gene

B-cell receptor-associated protein 31 pseudogene 2

PBCA Gene

Pancreatic beta cell, agenesis of

MS4A3 Gene

membrane-spanning 4-domains, subfamily A, member 3 (hematopoietic cell-specific)

This gene encodes a member of the membrane-spanning 4A gene family. Members of this protein family are characterized by common structural features and similar intron/exon splice boundaries and display unique expression patterns among hematopoietic cells and nonlymphoid tissues. This family member likely plays a role in signal transduction and may function as a subunit associated with receptor complexes. The gene encoding this protein is localized to 11q12, among a cluster of related family members. Alternative splicing may result in multiple transcript variants; however, not all variants have been fully described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

TRAV34 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 34

TRAV35 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 35

TRAV37 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 37 (pseudogene)

TRAV30 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 30

TRAV32 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 32 (pseudogene)

TRAV33 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 33 (pseudogene)

TRAV39 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 39

KIR2DP1 Gene

killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor, two domains, pseudogene 1

TCAM1P Gene

testicular cell adhesion molecule 1, pseudogene

This pseudogene is located downstream from the growth hormone locus on chromosome 17. This locus evolved by a series of partial duplications that have disrupted the human gene. A homologous gene in mouse encodes a testis-specific cell adhesion protein that may play a role in germ cell-Sertoli cell interactions. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2012]

BST1 Gene

bone marrow stromal cell antigen 1

Bone marrow stromal cell antigen-1 is a stromal cell line-derived glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored molecule that facilitates pre-B-cell growth. The deduced amino acid sequence exhibits 33% similarity with CD38. BST1 expression is enhanced in bone marrow stromal cell lines derived from patients with rheumatoid arthritis. The polyclonal B-cell abnormalities in rheumatoid arthritis may be, at least in part, attributed to BST1 overexpression in the stromal cell population. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

BST2 Gene

bone marrow stromal cell antigen 2

Bone marrow stromal cells are involved in the growth and development of B-cells. The specific function of the protein encoded by the bone marrow stromal cell antigen 2 is undetermined; however, this protein may play a role in pre-B-cell growth and in rheumatoid arthritis. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PCP4L1 Gene

Purkinje cell protein 4 like 1

TRBV29OR9-2 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 29/OR9-2 (non-functional)

PDCD6IP Gene

programmed cell death 6 interacting protein

This gene encodes a protein that functions within the ESCRT pathway in the abscission stage of cytokinesis, in intralumenal endosomal vesicle formation, and in enveloped virus budding. Studies using mouse cells have shown that overexpression of this protein can block apoptosis. In addition, the product of this gene binds to the product of the PDCD6 gene, a protein required for apoptosis, in a calcium-dependent manner. This gene product also binds to endophilins, proteins that regulate membrane shape during endocytosis. Overexpression of this gene product and endophilins results in cytoplasmic vacuolization, which may be partly responsible for the protection against cell death. Several alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. Related pseudogenes have been identified on chromosome 15. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2012]

FCP1 Gene

F-cell production 1

TRBV24OR9-2 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 24/OR9-2 (pseudogene)

TRGV11 Gene

T cell receptor gamma variable 11 (non-functional)

NEDD4 Gene

neural precursor cell expressed, developmentally down-regulated 4, E3 ubiquitin protein ligase

TRAV12-1 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 12-1

TRAV12-3 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 12-3

TRAV12-2 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 12-2

SPDYE20P Gene

speedy/RINGO cell cycle regulator family member E20, pseudogene

UTF1 Gene

undifferentiated embryonic cell transcription factor 1

CEACAM1 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1 (biliary glycoprotein)

This gene encodes a member of the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) gene family, which belongs to the immunoglobulin superfamily. Two subgroups of the CEA family, the CEA cell adhesion molecules and the pregnancy-specific glycoproteins, are located within a 1.2 Mb cluster on the long arm of chromosome 19. Eleven pseudogenes of the CEA cell adhesion molecule subgroup are also found in the cluster. The encoded protein was originally described in bile ducts of liver as biliary glycoprotein. Subsequently, it was found to be a cell-cell adhesion molecule detected on leukocytes, epithelia, and endothelia. The encoded protein mediates cell adhesion via homophilic as well as heterophilic binding to other proteins of the subgroup. Multiple cellular activities have been attributed to the encoded protein, including roles in the differentiation and arrangement of tissue three-dimensional structure, angiogenesis, apoptosis, tumor suppression, metastasis, and the modulation of innate and adaptive immune responses. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been reported, but the full-length nature of all variants has not been defined. [provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

CEACAM3 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 3

This gene encodes a member of the family of carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecules (CEACAMs), which are used by several bacterial pathogens to bind and invade host cells. The encoded transmembrane protein directs phagocytosis of several bacterial species that is dependent on the small GTPase Rac. It is thought to serve an important role in controlling human-specific pathogens by the innate immune system. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2013]

CEACAM5 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 5

Members of the CEACAM subfamily, including CEACAM5, belong to the CEA gene family. For general information on the CEA gene family, see CEACAM1 (MIM 109770).[supplied by OMIM, Oct 2009]

CEACAM4 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 4

CEACAM7 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 7

CEACAM6 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 6 (non-specific cross reacting antigen)

This gene encodes a protein that belongs to the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) family whose members are glycosyl phosphatidyl inositol (GPI) anchored cell surface glycoproteins. Members of this family play a role in cell adhesion and are widely used as tumor markers in serum immunoassay determinations of carcinoma. This gene affects the sensitivity of tumor cells to adenovirus infection. The protein encoded by this gene acts as a receptor for adherent-invasive E. coli adhesion to the surface of ileal epithelial cells in patients with Crohn's disease. This gene is clustered with genes and pseudogenes of the cell adhesion molecules subgroup of the CEA family on chromosome 19. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2014]

CEACAM8 Gene

carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 8

HIRAP1 Gene

histone cell cycle regulator pseudogene 1

CDC42P3 Gene

cell division cycle 42 pseudogene 3

TRAV13-1 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 13-1

TRAV13-2 Gene

T cell receptor alpha variable 13-2

BCAM Gene

basal cell adhesion molecule (Lutheran blood group)

This gene encodes Lutheran blood group glycoprotein, a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily and a receptor for the extracellular matrix protein, laminin. The protein contains five extracellular immunoglobulin domains, a single transmembrane domain, and a short C-terminal cytoplasmic tail. This protein may play a role in epithelial cell cancer and in vaso-occlusion of red blood cells in sickle cell disease. Polymorphisms in this gene define some of the antigens in the Lutheran system and also the Auberger system. Inactivating variants of this gene result in the recessive Lutheran null phenotype, Lu(a-b-), of the Lutheran blood group. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2012]

CWF19L1 Gene

CWF19-like 1, cell cycle control (S. pombe)

This gene encodes a member of the CWF19 protein family. Mutations in this gene have been associated with autosomal recessive spinocerebellar ataxia-17 and mild mental retardation. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2014]

CWF19L2 Gene

CWF19-like 2, cell cycle control (S. pombe)

KIR2DL3 Gene

killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor, two domains, long cytoplasmic tail, 3

Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) are transmembrane glycoproteins expressed by natural killer cells and subsets of T cells. The KIR genes are polymorphic and highly homologous and they are found in a cluster on chromosome 19q13.4 within the 1 Mb leukocyte receptor complex (LRC). The gene content of the KIR gene cluster varies among haplotypes, although several "framework" genes are found in all haplotypes (KIR3DL3, KIR3DP1, KIR3DL4, KIR3DL2). The KIR proteins are classified by the number of extracellular immunoglobulin domains (2D or 3D) and by whether they have a long (L) or short (S) cytoplasmic domain. KIR proteins with the long cytoplasmic domain transduce inhibitory signals upon ligand binding via an immune tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM), while KIR proteins with the short cytoplasmic domain lack the ITIM motif and instead associate with the TYRO protein tyrosine kinase binding protein to transduce activating signals. The ligands for several KIR proteins are subsets of HLA class I molecules; thus, KIR proteins are thought to play an important role in regulation of the immune response. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

KIR2DL2 Gene

killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor, two domains, long cytoplasmic tail, 2

Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) are transmembrane glycoproteins expressed by natural killer cells and subsets of T cells. The KIR genes are polymorphic and highly homologous and they are found in a cluster on chromosome 19q13.4 within the 1 Mb leukocyte receptor complex (LRC). The gene content of the KIR gene cluster varies among haplotypes, although several "framework" genes are found in all haplotypes (KIR3DL3, KIR3DP1, KIR3DL4, KIR3DL2). The KIR proteins are classified by the number of extracellular immunoglobulin domains (2D or 3D) and by whether they have a long (L) or short (S) cytoplasmic domain. KIR proteins with the long cytoplasmic domain transduce inhibitory signals upon ligand binding via an immune tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM), while KIR proteins with the short cytoplasmic domain lack the ITIM motif and instead associate with the TYRO protein tyrosine kinase binding protein to transduce activating signals. The ligands for several KIR proteins are subsets of HLA class I molecules; thus, KIR proteins are thought to play an important role in regulation of the immune response. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

KIR2DL1 Gene

killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor, two domains, long cytoplasmic tail, 1

Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) are transmembrane glycoproteins expressed by natural killer cells and subsets of T cells. The KIR genes are polymorphic and highly homologous and they are found in a cluster on chromosome 19q13.4 within the 1 Mb leukocyte receptor complex (LRC). The gene content of the KIR gene cluster varies among haplotypes, although several "framework" genes are found in all haplotypes (KIR3DL3, KIR3DP1, KIR3DL4, KIR3DL2). The KIR proteins are classified by the number of extracellular immunoglobulin domains (2D or 3D) and by whether they have a long (L) or short (S) cytoplasmic domain. KIR proteins with the long cytoplasmic domain transduce inhibitory signals upon ligand binding via an immune tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM), while KIR proteins with the short cytoplasmic domain lack the ITIM motif and instead associate with the TYRO protein tyrosine kinase binding protein to transduce activating signals. The ligands for several KIR proteins are subsets of HLA class I molecules; thus, KIR proteins are thought to play an important role in regulation of the immune response. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

KIR2DL4 Gene

killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor, two domains, long cytoplasmic tail, 4

Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) are transmembrane glycoproteins expressed by natural killer cells and subsets of T cells. The KIR genes are polymorphic and highly homologous and they are found in a cluster on chromosome 19q13.4 within the 1 Mb leukocyte receptor complex (LRC). The gene content of the KIR gene cluster varies among haplotypes, although several "framework" genes are found in all haplotypes (KIR3DL3, KIR3DP1, KIR3DL4, KIR3DL2). The KIR proteins are classified by the number of extracellular immunoglobulin domains (2D or 3D) and by whether they have a long (L) or short (S) cytoplasmic domain. KIR proteins with the long cytoplasmic domain transduce inhibitory signals upon ligand binding via an immune tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM), while KIR proteins with the short cytoplasmic domain lack the ITIM motif and instead associate with the TYRO protein tyrosine kinase binding protein to transduce activating signals. The ligands for several KIR proteins are subsets of HLA class I molecules; thus, KIR proteins are thought to play an important role in regulation of the immune response. This gene is one of the "framework" loci that is present on all haplotypes. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC100422671 Gene

cell division cycle 73, Paf1/RNA polymerase II complex component, homolog (S. cerevisiae) pseudogene

TRBV29-1 Gene

T cell receptor beta variable 29-1

TRAJ4 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 4

TRAJ5 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 5

TRAJ6 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 6

TRAJ7 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 7

TRAJ1 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 1 (non-functional)

TRAJ2 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 2 (non-functional)

TRAJ3 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 3

TRAJ8 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 8

TRAJ9 Gene

T cell receptor alpha joining 9

GMCL1 Gene

germ cell-less, spermatogenesis associated 1

This gene encodes a nuclear envelope protein that appears to be involved in spermatogenesis, either directly or by influencing genes that play a more direct role in the process. This multi-exon locus is the homolog of the mouse and drosophila germ cell-less gene but the human genome also contains a single-exon locus on chromosome 5 that contains an open reading frame capable of encoding a highly-related protein. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

CADM4 Gene

cell adhesion molecule 4

CADM2 Gene

cell adhesion molecule 2

This gene encodes a member of the synaptic cell adhesion molecule 1 (SynCAM) family which belongs to the immunoglobulin (Ig) superfamily. The encoded protein has three Ig-like domains and a cytosolic protein 4.1 binding site near the C-terminus. Proteins belonging to the protein 4.1 family crosslink spectrin and interact with other cytoskeletal proteins. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2012]

CADM3 Gene

cell adhesion molecule 3

IGSF4B is a brain-specific protein related to the calcium-independent cell-cell adhesion molecules known as nectins (see PVRL3; MIM 607147) (Kakunaga et al., 2005 [PubMed 15741237]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

CADM1 Gene

cell adhesion molecule 1

LOC101927197 Gene

cell death activator CIDE-3-like

LOC105369971 Gene

vegetative cell wall protein gp1-like

CMA1 Gene

chymase 1, mast cell

This gene encodes a chymotryptic serine proteinase that belongs to the peptidase family S1. It is expressed in mast cells and is thought to function in the degradation of the extracellular matrix, the regulation of submucosal gland secretion, and the generation of vasoactive peptides. In the heart and blood vessels, this protein, rather than angiotensin converting enzyme, is largely responsible for converting angiotensin I to the vasoactive peptide angiotensin II. Alternative splicing results in multiple variants. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2015]

BCL11A Gene

B-cell CLL/lymphoma 11A (zinc finger protein)

This gene encodes a C2H2 type zinc-finger protein by its similarity to the mouse Bcl11a/Evi9 protein. The corresponding mouse gene is a common site of retroviral integration in myeloid leukemia, and may function as a leukemia disease gene, in part, through its interaction with BCL6. During hematopoietic cell differentiation, this gene is down-regulated. It is possibly involved in lymphoma pathogenesis since translocations associated with B-cell malignancies also deregulates its expression. Multiple transcript variants encoding several different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

BCL11B Gene

B-cell CLL/lymphoma 11B (zinc finger protein)

This gene encodes a C2H2-type zinc finger protein and is closely related to BCL11A, a gene whose translocation may be associated with B-cell malignancies. Although the specific function of this gene has not been determined, the encoded protein is known to be a transcriptional repressor, and is regulated by the NURD nucleosome remodeling and histone deacetylase complex. Four alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2013]

BOD1P2 Gene

biorientation of chromosomes in cell division 1 pseudogene 2

BOD1P1 Gene

biorientation of chromosomes in cell division 1 pseudogene 1

NKCD Gene

Natural killer cell deficiency, familial isolated

LOC101409262 Gene

cell division cycle 42 pseudogene

FZR1 Gene

fizzy/cell division cycle 20 related 1 (Drosophila)

CPHL1P Gene

ceruloplasmin and hephaestin-like 1 pseudogene

CDAGS Gene

Craniosynostosis, anal anomalies, and porokeratosis syndrome

LOC100420707 Gene

DDB1 and CUL4 associated factor 6 pseudogene

OPA3 Gene

optic atrophy 3 (autosomal recessive, with chorea and spastic paraplegia)

The mouse ortholog of this protein co-purifies with the mitochondrial inner membrane. Mutations in this gene have been shown to result in 3-methylglutaconic aciduria type III and autosomal dominant optic atrophy and cataract. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]

AAGAB Gene

alpha- and gamma-adaptin binding protein

The protein encoded by this gene interacts with the gamma-adaptin and alpha-adaptin subunits of complexes involved in clathrin-coated vesicle trafficking. Mutations in this gene are associated with type I punctate palmoplantar keratoderma. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2012]

PHACTR4 Gene

phosphatase and actin regulator 4

This gene encodes a member of the phosphatase and actin regulator (PHACTR) family. Other PHACTR family members have been shown to inhibit protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) activity, and the homolog of this gene in the mouse has been shown to interact with actin and PP1. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PHACTR1 Gene

phosphatase and actin regulator 1

PHACTR3 Gene

phosphatase and actin regulator 3

This gene encodes a member of the phosphatase and actin regulator protein family. The encoded protein is associated with the nuclear scaffold in proliferating cells, and binds to actin and the catalytic subunit of protein phosphatase-1, suggesting that it functions as a regulatory subunit of protein phosphatase-1. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2013]

PHACTR2 Gene

phosphatase and actin regulator 2

ERGIC2 Gene

ERGIC and golgi 2

ERGIC2, or PTX1, is a ubiquitously expressed nuclear protein that is downregulated in prostate carcinoma (Kwok et al., 2001 [PubMed 11445006]).[supplied by OMIM, Aug 2008]

ERGIC3 Gene

ERGIC and golgi 3

FBXL14 Gene

F-box and leucine-rich repeat protein 14

Members of the F-box protein family, such as FBXL14, are characterized by an approximately 40-amino acid F-box motif. SCF complexes, formed by SKP1 (MIM 601434), cullin (see CUL1; MIM 603134), and F-box proteins, act as protein-ubiquitin ligases. F-box proteins interact with SKP1 through the F box, and they interact with ubiquitination targets through other protein interaction domains (Jin et al., 2004 [PubMed 15520277]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

FBXL19 Gene

F-box and leucine-rich repeat protein 19

This gene encodes a member of the Skp1-Cullin-F-box family of E3 ubiquitin ligases. The encoded protein is reported to bind to the transmembrane receptor interleukin 1 receptor-like 1 and regulate its ubiquitination and degradation. This protein has been linked to the regulation of pulmonary inflammation and psoriasis. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2013]

LOC102724971 Gene

putative V-set and immunoglobulin domain-containing-like protein IGHV4OR15-8

HN1 Gene

hematological and neurological expressed 1

DLEC1 Gene

deleted in lung and esophageal cancer 1

This gene contains 37 exons, spans approximately 59-kb, and is located in the 3p22-p21.3 chromosomal segment that is commonly deleted in various carcinomas. Several alternatively spliced transcripts have been observed that contain disrupted coding regions and likely encode nonfunctional proteins. Aberrant transcription of this gene may be involved in carcinogenesis of the lung, esophagus, and kidney. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

NACC2 Gene

NACC family member 2, BEN and BTB (POZ) domain containing

NACC1 Gene

nucleus accumbens associated 1, BEN and BTB (POZ) domain containing

This gene encodes a member of the BTB/POZ protein family. BTB/POZ proteins are involved in several cellular processes including proliferation, apoptosis and transcription regulation. The encoded protein is a transcriptional repressor that plays a role in stem cell self-renewal and pluripotency maintenance. The encoded protein also suppresses transcription of the candidate tumor suppressor Gadd45GIP1, and expression of this gene may play a role in the progression of multiple types of cancer. A pseudogene of this gene is located on the short arm of chromosome 9. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2012]

SBSPON Gene

somatomedin B and thrombospondin, type 1 domain containing

WASIR1 Gene

WASH and IL9R antisense RNA 1

WASIR2 Gene

WASH and IL9R antisense RNA 2

ANKFY1 Gene

ankyrin repeat and FYVE domain containing 1

This gene encodes a cytoplasmic protein that contains a coiled-coil structure and a BTB/POZ domain at its N-terminus, ankyrin repeats in the middle portion, and a FYVE-finger motif at its C-terminus. This protein belongs to a subgroup of double zinc finger proteins which may be involved in vesicle or protein transport. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants of this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2012]

OBSCN Gene

obscurin, cytoskeletal calmodulin and titin-interacting RhoGEF

The obscurin gene spans more than 150 kb, contains over 80 exons and encodes a protein of approximately 720 kDa. The encoded protein contains 68 Ig domains, 2 fibronectin domains, 1 calcium/calmodulin-binding domain, 1 RhoGEF domain with an associated PH domain, and 2 serine-threonine kinase domains. This protein belongs to the family of giant sacromeric signaling proteins that includes titin and nebulin, and may have a role in the organization of myofibrils during assembly and may mediate interactions between the sarcoplasmic reticulum and myofibrils. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

SORBS1 Gene

sorbin and SH3 domain containing 1

This gene encodes a CBL-associated protein which functions in the signaling and stimulation of insulin. Mutations in this gene may be associated with human disorders of insulin resistance. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2014]

SORBS3 Gene

sorbin and SH3 domain containing 3

This gene encodes an SH3 domain-containing adaptor protein. The presence of SH3 domains play a role in this protein's ability to bind other cytoplasmic molecules and contribute to cystoskeletal organization, cell adhesion and migration, signaling, and gene expression. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2011]

SORBS2 Gene

sorbin and SH3 domain containing 2

Arg and c-Abl represent the mammalian members of the Abelson family of non-receptor protein-tyrosine kinases. They interact with the Arg/Abl binding proteins via the SH3 domains present in the carboxy end of the latter group of proteins. This gene encodes the sorbin and SH3 domain containing 2 protein. It has three C-terminal SH3 domains and an N-terminal sorbin homology (SoHo) domain that interacts with lipid raft proteins. The subcellular localization of this protein in epithelial and cardiac muscle cells suggests that it functions as an adapter protein to assemble signaling complexes in stress fibers, and that it is a potential link between Abl family kinases and the actin cytoskeleton. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

ZSCAN5CP Gene

zinc finger and SCAN domain containing 5C, pseudogene

ZBTB7A Gene

zinc finger and BTB domain containing 7A

ZBTB7C Gene

zinc finger and BTB domain containing 7C

ZBTB7B Gene

zinc finger and BTB domain containing 7B

This gene encodes a zinc finger-containing transcription factor that acts as a key regulator of lineage commitment of immature T-cell precursors. It is necessary and sufficient for commitment of CD4 lineage, while its absence causes CD8 commitment. It also functions as a transcriptional repressor of type I collagen genes. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2012]

SMAN1 Gene

survival of motor and autonomic neurons 1

ANKS1B Gene

ankyrin repeat and sterile alpha motif domain containing 1B

This gene encodes a multi-domain protein that is predominantly expressed in brain and testis. This protein interacts with amyloid beta protein precursor (AbetaPP) and may have a role in normal brain development, and in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. Expression of this gene has been shown to be elevated in patients with pre-B cell acute lymphocytic leukemia associated with t(1;19) translocation. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms (some with different subcellular localization, PMID:15004329) have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2011]

ANKS1A Gene

ankyrin repeat and sterile alpha motif domain containing 1A

OPALIN Gene

oligodendrocytic myelin paranodal and inner loop protein

SHANK3 Gene

SH3 and multiple ankyrin repeat domains 3

This gene is a member of the Shank gene family. Shank proteins are multidomain scaffold proteins of the postsynaptic density that connect neurotransmitter receptors, ion channels, and other membrane proteins to the actin cytoskeleton and G-protein-coupled signaling pathways. Shank proteins also play a role in synapse formation and dendritic spine maturation. Mutations in this gene are a cause of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), which is characterized by impairments in social interaction and communication, and restricted behavioral patterns and interests. Mutations in this gene also cause schizophrenia type 15, and are a major causative factor in the neurological symptoms of 22q13.3 deletion syndrome, which is also known as Phelan-McDermid syndrome. Additional isoforms have been described for this gene but they have not yet been experimentally verified. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2012]

SHANK2 Gene

SH3 and multiple ankyrin repeat domains 2

This gene encodes a protein that is a member of the Shank family of synaptic proteins that may function as molecular scaffolds in the postsynaptic density of excitatory synapses. Shank proteins contain multiple domains for protein-protein interaction, including ankyrin repeats, and an SH3 domain. This particular family member contains a PDZ domain, a consensus sequence for cortactin SH3 domain-binding peptides and a sterile alpha motif. The alternative splicing demonstrated in Shank genes has been suggested as a mechanism for regulating the molecular structure of Shank and the spectrum of Shank-interacting proteins in the postsynaptic densities of the adult and developing brain. Alterations in the encoded protein may be associated with susceptibility to autism spectrum disorder. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2014]

SHANK1 Gene

SH3 and multiple ankyrin repeat domains 1

SAMSN1 Gene

SAM domain, SH3 domain and nuclear localization signals 1

SAMSN1 is a member of a novel gene family of putative adaptors and scaffold proteins containing SH3 and SAM (sterile alpha motif) domains (Claudio et al., 2001 [PubMed 11536050]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

LOC100421259 Gene

zinc finger and BTB domain containing 14 pseudogene

SKA1 Gene

spindle and kinetochore associated complex subunit 1

SKA3 Gene

spindle and kinetochore associated complex subunit 3

This gene encodes a component of the spindle and kinetochore-associated protein complex that regulates microtubule attachment to the kinetochores during mitosis. The encoded protein localizes to the outer kinetechore and may be required for normal chromosome segregation and cell division. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]

SKA2 Gene

spindle and kinetochore associated complex subunit 2

HN1L Gene

hematological and neurological expressed 1-like

CDADC1 Gene

cytidine and dCMP deaminase domain containing 1

LOC100420832 Gene

cysteine and glycine-rich protein 2 pseudogene

NUCKS1 Gene

nuclear casein kinase and cyclin-dependent kinase substrate 1

This gene encodes a nuclear protein that is highly conserved in vertebrates. The conserved regions of the protein contain several consensus phosphorylation sites for casein kinase II and cyclin-dependent kinases, two putative nuclear localization signals, and a basic DNA-binding domain. It is phosphorylated in vivo by Cdk1 during mitosis of the cell cycle. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2010]

RIN1 Gene

Ras and Rab interactor 1

RIN3 Gene

Ras and Rab interactor 3

RIN3 is a member of the RIN family of Ras interaction-interference proteins, which are binding partners to the RAB5 small GTPases (see RAB5A; MIM 179512) (Kajiho et al., 2003 [PubMed 12972505]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

RIN2 Gene

Ras and Rab interactor 2

The RAB5 protein is a small GTPase involved in membrane trafficking in the early endocytic pathway. The protein encoded by this gene binds the GTP-bound form of the RAB5 protein preferentially over the GDP-bound form, and functions as a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for RAB5. The encoded protein is found primarily as a tetramer in the cytoplasm and does not bind other members of the RAB family. Mutations in this gene cause macrocephaly alopecia cutis laxa and scoliosis (MACS) syndrome, an elastic tissue disorder, as well as the related connective tissue disorder, RIN2 syndrome. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2011]

LOC340268 Gene

C3 and PZP-like, alpha-2-macroglobulin domain containing 8 pseudogene

LOC102724726 Gene

coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor-like

TMUB1 Gene

transmembrane and ubiquitin-like domain containing 1

TMUB2 Gene

transmembrane and ubiquitin-like domain containing 2

RNGTT Gene

RNA guanylyltransferase and 5'-phosphatase

PDX1 Gene

pancreatic and duodenal homeobox 1

The protein encoded by this gene is a transcriptional activator of several genes, including insulin, somatostatin, glucokinase, islet amyloid polypeptide, and glucose transporter type 2. The encoded nuclear protein is involved in the early development of the pancreas and plays a major role in glucose-dependent regulation of insulin gene expression. Defects in this gene are a cause of pancreatic agenesis, which can lead to early-onset insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), as well as maturity onset diabetes of the young type 4 (MODY4). [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

PAQR9 Gene

progestin and adipoQ receptor family member IX

EFCC1 Gene

EF-hand and coiled-coil domain containing 1

SMU1 Gene

smu-1 suppressor of mec-8 and unc-52 homolog (C. elegans)

RFWD2P1 Gene

ring finger and WD repeat domain 2, E3 ubiquitin protein ligase pseudogene 1

ANKDD1A Gene

ankyrin repeat and death domain containing 1A

ANKDD1B Gene

ankyrin repeat and death domain containing 1B

NMI Gene

N-myc (and STAT) interactor

NMYC interactor (NMI) encodes a protein that interacts with NMYC and CMYC (two members of the oncogene Myc family), and other transcription factors containing a Zip, HLH, or HLH-Zip motif. The NMI protein also interacts with all STATs except STAT2 and augments STAT-mediated transcription in response to cytokines IL2 and IFN-gamma. The NMI mRNA has low expression levels in all human fetal and adult tissues tested except brain and has high expression in cancer cell line-myeloid leukemias. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

LOC101060089 Gene

cleavage and polyadenylation specificity factor subunit 5-like

CFAP126 Gene

cilia and flagella associated protein 126

RFFL Gene

ring finger and FYVE-like domain containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase

CPSF3L Gene

cleavage and polyadenylation specific factor 3-like

The Integrator complex contains at least 12 subunits and associates with the C-terminal domain of RNA polymerase II large subunit (POLR2A; MIM 180660) and mediates the 3-prime end processing of small nuclear RNAs U1 (RNU1; MIM 180680) and U2 (RNU2; MIM 180690). INTS11, or CPSF3L, is the catalytic subunit of the Integrator complex (Baillat et al., 2005 [PubMed 16239144]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

CALCOCO1 Gene

calcium binding and coiled-coil domain 1

CALCOCO2 Gene

calcium binding and coiled-coil domain 2

This gene encodes a coiled-coil domain-containing protein. The encoded protein functions as a receptor for ubiquitin-coated bacteria and plays an important role in innate immunity by mediating macroautophagy. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2012]

FSD1L Gene

fibronectin type III and SPRY domain containing 1-like

DDA1 Gene

DET1 and DDB1 associated 1

HAND2 Gene

heart and neural crest derivatives expressed 2

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the basic helix-loop-helix family of transcription factors. This gene product is one of two closely related family members, the HAND proteins, which are asymmetrically expressed in the developing ventricular chambers and play an essential role in cardiac morphogenesis. Working in a complementary fashion, they function in the formation of the right ventricle and aortic arch arteries, implicating them as mediators of congenital heart disease. In addition, this transcription factor plays an important role in limb and branchial arch development. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

FCHSD1 Gene

FCH and double SH3 domains 1

FCHSD2 Gene

FCH and double SH3 domains 2

AMMECR1 Gene

Alport syndrome, mental retardation, midface hypoplasia and elliptocytosis chromosomal region gene 1

The exact function of this gene is not known, however, submicroscopic deletion of the X chromosome including this gene, COL4A5, and FACL4 genes, result in a contiguous gene deletion syndrome, the AMME complex (Alport syndrome, mental retardation, midface hypoplasia, and elliptocytosis). Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2010]

CXADRP3 Gene

coxsackie virus and adenovirus receptor pseudogene 3

TPTE2 Gene

transmembrane phosphoinositide 3-phosphatase and tensin homolog 2

TPIP is a member of a large class of membrane-associated phosphatases with substrate specificity for the 3-position phosphate of inositol phospholipids.[supplied by OMIM, Jul 2002]

TMCC1P1 Gene

transmembrane and coiled-coil domain family 1 pseudogene 1

RLTPR Gene

RGD motif, leucine rich repeats, tropomodulin domain and proline-rich containing

TMTC2 Gene

transmembrane and tetratricopeptide repeat containing 2

DMRT1 Gene

doublesex and mab-3 related transcription factor 1

This gene is found in a cluster with two other members of the gene family, having in common a zinc finger-like DNA-binding motif (DM domain). The DM domain is an ancient, conserved component of the vertebrate sex-determining pathway that is also a key regulator of male development in flies and nematodes. This gene exhibits a gonad-specific and sexually dimorphic expression pattern. Defective testicular development and XY feminization occur when this gene is hemizygous. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

DMRT2 Gene

doublesex and mab-3 related transcription factor 2

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the DMRT gene family, sharing a DM DNA-binding domain with Drosophila 'doublesex' (dsx) and C. elegans mab3, genes involved in sex determination in these organisms. Also, this gene is located in a region of the human genome (chromosome 9p24.3) associated with gonadal dysgenesis and XY sex reversal. Hence this gene is one of the candidates for sex-determining gene(s) on chr 9. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2010]

DMRT3 Gene

doublesex and mab-3 related transcription factor 3