S2533_HUMAN Protein

Name Solute carrier family 25 member 33
Description Mitochondrial transporter that imports/exports pyrimidine nucleotides into and from mitochondria (PubMed:25320081). Transports preferentially uracil, thymine, and cytosine (deoxy)nucleoside di- and triphosphates by an antiport mechanism (PubMed:25320081). Also transports guanine but not adenine (deoxy)nucleotides (PubMed:25320081). Is inhibited strongly by pyridoxal 5'-phosphate, 4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline, tannic acid, and mercurials (mercury dichloride, mersalyl acid, p-hydroxymercuribenzoate) (PubMed:25320081). Participates in mitochondrial genome maintenance, regulation of mitochondrial membrane potential and mitochondrial respiration (PubMed:20453889). Upon INS or IGF1 stimulation regulates cell growth and proliferation by controlling mitochondrial DNA replication and transcription, the ratio of mitochondria-to nuclear-encoded components of the electron transport chain resulting in control of mitochondrial ROS production (PubMed:20453889, PubMed:17596519). Participates in dendritic cell endocytosis and may associate with mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (PubMed:14715278).
UniProt ID Q9BSK2
Gene SLC25A33