|Dataset||MPO Gene-Phenotype Associations|
|Category||disease or phenotype associations|
|Description||any anomaly in the migratory path of the cranial neural crest cells (NCCs), which originate in the anterior part of the developing embryo and reside between the mid-diencephalon and the forming hindbrain; cranial NCCs migrate dorsolaterally to form the craniofacial mesenchyme that differentiates into various craniofacial cartilages and bones, cranial neurons, glia, and connective tissues of the face; these cells enter the pharyngeal pouches and arches where they give rise to thymic cells, bones of the middle ear and jaw (mandible), and the odontoblasts of the tooth primordial; like their counterparts in the trunk, cranial NCCs contribute to the developing peripheral nervous system, along with the pigmented cell (i.e. melanocyte) lineage (Mammalian Phenotype Ontology, MP_0012757)|
|Downloads & Tools|
5 gene mutations causing the abnormal cranial neural crest cell migration phenotype in transgenic mice from the MPO Gene-Phenotype Associations dataset.